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PAW TAW, MICHIGAN. THE LITTLE FOLKS. At the 1'iirty. Half a dow n children At our bouse ! lUlf a down children Quiet a a mouse, Quiet a a moonbeam, You could hear a pin Waiting for the rrty To begin. Such a flood of flounce ! (U dear me !) Such a surge of sashes, like a silken sea. Little eye demurely Cact upon the ground, Little aim and graces All around. High time for that party To Wgin ! To wit ao any longer Were a sort of sin ; Aa if you weren't acquainted With society J What a thing to tell of That would be ! Up vpoke a littlo lady Aged Ave ; I've tumbled up my over-dress Hure as I'm uitve! ilu dr came from Pari ; We scirt to Worth for it ; Mother say she calln it Such a lit J" Quick there piped another Little voice: didn't wnd for dresses. Though 1 hod my choice ; have pot a doll that Came from Paris, too ; It can walk und talk a Well an you !" Stil till r.ow, there Bat one little girl ; Simple mm a snow-drop, Without a flounce or curl, Modest aw a primrotie, Soft, plain hair brushed back, but the color of her dress was lilai k aU black. Swift glanced around with Sweet surprise ; Bright and grave the look thut Widened In her eyca. To entertain the party Hhe must do her share, .As if God had sent her Stood alio thera Stood a minute thinking, With crowned baud, llow she bct might meet the Company's demands. Grave und sweet the purposo To the child'a voice given ; have a little brother Gone to heaven l" On the little party Propped a spell ; All the little flounces Rnstled where they fell ; But the modest maiden, In her mourning gown, Unconscious uh a flower Looketh down. Quick my heart lcsought her, silently ; Happy little maiden, Give, o give to mo The highucs of your courage, The sweetness of your grace, To speak a large word, in a Little pluce !" Elizabeth Htuart riidjm, in April Wide Awake. Tot, tlie Pencejimker. Tots was just upon the ioint of stepping into bed, when an iilen struck her. It hail leen a trying day for Tots all the way through. From morning until night this insignilicunt member of the family had been in difficulties, and a source of much discomfort to herself and other people. It was hot, everybody was cross, and Tots, whoso resources in the way of entertainment were limited, had had great trouble to dispose of her time. In the morning sho had gone fishing in the duck-pond, with a crooked pin for a hook, and a ball of worsted for a line. After waiting patiently for her prey for some time, she had tired of this amuse ment, owing to its non-success, and de termined to go after some water-lilies. 'When Tots grasped the water-lily, tho hoard upon which she rested her tiny feet slipped from under them, and Tots Vfl3 summarily precipitated into the pond. When she appeared at the farm house, her bedraggled condition brought down such a storm of denunciation upon her head that the unsuccessful angler, Avho had expected nothing but congratu lations upon her narrow escape from -drowning, was disgusted. Aunt Susan dressed her, and Tots suffered so much -during the operation that she vowed never to go near the pond ngain. After dinner she hod wandered out to 1he arbor, underneath whose leafy roof Flo Stanton was playing with her clergyman-lover's heart, as if there was so lit tle pain in the world that sho could af ford to manufacture mort . Tots listened to the whole interview, and watched the minister go awny, too well-behaved a .young woman to interrupt the tete-a-tete. But, after having furtively watched Aunt Flo cry as if her heart woald break for the two hours succeeding his depart ure. Tots thought she might venture upon a little consolation. It really was too bad that her well-meant ellorts only resulted in a pair of boxed ears, and ab rupt orders to "go away." Then life became a burden. Tots be gan to look upon the world as a melan choly place. There was nothing to do, and everybody was too full of their own affairs to pay her any attention. It was a gleam of brightness when the bell rang lor supper. In spite of her weariness sand general disgust with sublunary til fairs, Tot still retained her appetite, and her bread and buttr and strawberries certainly did their part toward raising her spirits. But after supper came the culminating disaster of the day. In a thoughtless moment Tots, in spite of tho warnings of past experience, wandered into the kitch eu. The kitten lay under the stove, and Tots madea rush to take possession of her pet plaything. Her foot slipped, she fell against the table, and a big china dish went bumping, bouncing, crashing, on to tho floor. The altar nion which burnt sacrifices were daily offered lay broken in a hundred pieces. Aunt Susan witnessed the whole transaction, and in two minutes Tots was seized, spanked, and sent to bed. There is nothing to do but yield to Fate and Aunt Susan. I hey are a com bination too strong for Tots to overcome. ISo she toddles up-stairs, lays aside the carment she has worn during the day, and buttons herself into her bifurcated niffht-dress. Then it is that the idea comes to her. Tots, notwithstanding her tender years, idevot-d to fictitious literature. Hhe cannot read herself, but she takes great pleasure in listening to Aunt Fanny, who sometimes entertains the family by read inr aloud. Their last author was Dick ens, and Tots' imagination has been greatly excited bv tho beautiful story of David Copperfleld and his child-wife, lit tle Dora. 44 If." says Tote to herself, " I could only marry somebody. Now Dora was just as good for nothing an I am, and yet Dodo loved her, and nobody colled uer a nuisance ana ooxeu ner ears, it must have been very nice to live in the little house with Dodo and Jip. I wonder if I could find any body to marry me ?" Then, all of a sudden, Tots thinks of the minister. His name is David, and he lives all alono in the cunningest little cottage, with an old woman for a house keeper. 44 It would bo just the thing " thinks Tots. I'll ask him." With Tots to plan is to execute. She withdraws the foot with which she has begun to scale the heights of the bed, and goes to the window. Tho moon shines brightly. Sho isn t a bit afraid. In two minutes she has scumbled over the roof of the shed, seized a bough of the old apple-tree, let herself quietly down to tho ground, and is on her way to U1C IIIIIIIBUCt D iHJUBC!. The ltev. David Thornton, Bitting gloomily in his study on the ground-floor of Ins house, and fighting manfully with the heart-ache caused by a girl's careless words, is suddely startled by two white legs tearing their way through the vines that grow in front of his window, and a small body turning a somersault into the middle of his room. 44 I caught my toe and tumbled," ex plains Tots, assuming an upright po sition, and caressing tho injured foot. 44 What aro von doincr here at this time of night?" asks the clergyman, begin ning to smile. "I want to get married." 44 To whom?" 44 You!" This timo tho grave man laughs, and, seating himself in his arm-chair, take the child on his knees. 44 What for?" 44 'Cause Aunt Suo spanks me nnd Aunt Flo boxes my ears, and I've been hearing about David Copperfleld and Dora, and I want to bo married anil be a child-wife like Dora, and have a dog named Jip, and I'd like you." Tot ac companies this statement with a kiss. 44 Thank you. 44 And I'll call you Dodo, and hold your pens. They are all so cross at home, ami there is nothing to do, so I thought I'd come and ask you to marry me. I wish I had tliought of it before I got undressed ;" and Tot surveys her oilet. realizing for tho iirst timo that she has committed a breach of the proprie ties by appearing in public in panta loons, "What did Aunt Flo box your ears for ?" 44 After you went away this afternoon she began to cry so that I thought you hud been pinching her. It hurts so, you know, when you take a little nip. But then I heard her say sho had been so wicked, and done something to vou that you never would forgive, and tliat you would never come back again; so then I thought it must have been she that pinched you. So she cried for an hour awful hard. Then I took her some jam. When I cry, and they give me jm, I al ways stop. But she boxed my ears ami sent me away. Don't skeese me so; it hurts." 44 Tots," said the minister, 44 you are the dearest child in the world, ami I am going to take you home." 44 1 won t go. I want to stay with you; only I must have some clothes." 44 Ave 11 go for the clothes. Aunt Flo is sitting in the parlor wip ing a very red pfir of eyca when the llev. David appears with Tots on his shoulder. 44 Florence," says the clergyman, 4lmav I forget iill the harsh words spoken this afternoon " 44 Can you forgive them ?" 44 Were all the tears Tots tells about shed for me ? I have just had a visit from the little lady." The clergyman looks tenderly down at the red eyes, and Flo's hand feels its way into his. Poor Tots ! here are two more people who won't pay her any attention. 44 lou are going to many me, you know," tugging at the Reverend David's disengaged hand. 44io, Tots, not you Aunt Florry. Tots begins to ory. 44 Never mind, pet;" and Aunt Flo takes tho child in her arms. 44 You shall have your reward. 4 Blessed are the peace-makers,' Tots, and I'll give you a big cake in the morning. Now Aunt Sue will put put you to bed." 44 1 dout know what 'peace-makers are, and I don't want a cake. I w-w- want t-to g-g-get married 1 Tots is borno screaming away. jiar- pcr's Weekly. A Young Forte. A lady 6ends to the New York World the annexed lines, written by Miss Ber tie Taylor, a girl scarcely 12 years of age. Sho was born and reared on a farm in Perry county, Ohio, nnd her education has been contined entirely to a country district school. She is a healthy and sprightly brunette, with black hair and the deepest brown eyes. Her only pecul iarities are a profound depth of tliought and expression for one so young, and what may be called an undertone of sad ness running through an otherwise wonderfully sunny nature. While it w ill hardly bo pretended that the annexed lines are a high order of poetry, they are at least a literary curiosity in view ot tho circumstances : LOVK'S HUltRENDER. Under my window, under my window, All in the midsummer weather, Three little girl, with fluttering curl Flit to and fro together; There's Mary with her bonnet of satin slier n, And Krnma with her mantle of silvtr-groeu, And Kate with her scarlet feather. Under my window, under my window, leaning stealthily over, Merry ami clear the voice I hear )f each glad-hearted rovor. Ah I sly little Kate, she steals my roue, And Lmma and Mary ttvino wreath und panic A merry a tcs In clover. Under my window, iindermy window, In the Mue midumtner weather, Stealing Mow on hush'd tip-toe, I catch tin m all together ; Mary with her liouuctof atin hren, And F.tnma with her mantle of silver-grern, And Kate with her scarlet foblhcr. Under my window, under my window, And ofT through the orchard closes ; While F.tnma she flout, and Mary ho pout, They scamper and drop their posies j Hut dear little Kate take naught auilss, And leaps in my arm with a loving kin, And I give her all my roe. Mrs. J askkr, of Augusta, killed her self because, being 80 years old and llfty years a widow, she despaired of ever get ting nnnthrr Ininhntul. v"o THE TELEl'HOME. Something Concerning the Talking Tele graph. The science of electricity, although al ready productive of many signal bless ings so mankind, can hardly le said to have yet advanced far beyond its in fancy. The nature of the element is still a mystery to thosowho have studied it most diligently, while from time to time novel manifestations of its lowers and properties excit afresh the wonder and admiration of the multitude. Tho most recent revelation of its adaptability to civilized needs is the tele phone. The telegraph flashed intelli gence to distant places by representing there, by signs or written characters, the manipulations of an operator at the starting point ; but the telephone does the same by reproducing at one pud of tho line the sounds, vocal and instru mental, made at tho other. So accurate ly are these transmitted that a distant speaker can bo recognized by the accent and tone of tho voice almost as easily as if stamhng beside tho listener. During the first public exhibition of the instru ment, a ballad sung by a young lady at one end of the line, in Boston, delighted an audience six miles away at the other end in Maiden. At a still later trial, 44Auld Lang Syne" and 44 Yankee Doodle," played upon an organ at one end of the lino in tho 44 Hub," were greeted eighteen miles away, at the other end in Salem, as enthusiastically as either was ever hailed by a fuddled Scot or patriotic New Englander. Still more recently several other tests, over longer distances and under more severe condi tions, have even moro clearly demonstra ted the wonderful capabilities of the in strument. Nor aro loud utterances tho only ones that can be transmitted by it, even low tones and whispers are sajd to be audible over the wires with equal distinctness. The volume of sound, at tho point where the message is delivered is equal to that at tho end whence it is sent, so that a speech made at the latter is heard at the former over an area equal to that across which the voice would penetrate in the immediate neighborhood of the speaker. The present form of the instrument by means of which these marvelous acoustic effects are produced consists of ii very powerful compound magnet, formed by the junction of a number of single mag nets. This compound form can be much more strongly magnetized than one made from a single bar of metal, while the process of magnetizing adopted in such cases produces a permanent magnetic effect. To the poles of this aro attached coils of ordinary insulated tele graph wire, the sjiral arrangement of which intensifies electric action. In front of the poles thus surrounded is placed a thin sheet, or diaphragm, of iron, and n, mouth-piece, to concentrate the Found upon this, substantially completes the device. It has long been known to scientists that the motion of iron or steel in front of the poles of a magnet, de velops, or in technical phrase, induces electricity in tho coils encircling them. When the human voice or the tones of an instrument set the diaphragm vibrating, electric undulations are induced in the coils environing the magnet, precisely corresponding to the atmospheric undu lations produced by the sounds. These coils aro connected with the telegraph wire, and along tins tho undulations are transmitted to the distant station, where, after passing through the coils of an in strument precisely similar in form, they again set this second diaphragm vibrating, which in its turn produces atmospheric undulations as audible as those to which they owe their origin. The essential requisites aro an exact similarity between the instruments at each end of the line, and the complete insulation of the connecting wire. The voltaic battery, indispcnsablo to the telegraph, is entirely dispensed with in the telephone, as the electric current in duced by the apparatus is amply suffi cient to convey messages over tho dis tances hitherto tried. Whether dis patches can thus be sent to remote points, time and experiments can alone decide, but there is every likelihood that the difficulties in this regard already overcome in telegraphing will be ulso obviated in telephoning. Progress owes this stride in advance to the ingenuity, tliought and labor of Frof. A. Graham Bell, who is already honor ably known in connection with an im proved method of teaching the deaf and dumb. Should the promises of useful ness held out by his present invention be fulfilled, his name will long hold an honorable place among the benefactors of mankind. The Deceased Wife's Mster. The deceased wife's sister has again vexed the British House of Commons. As everybody knows, marriage with a deceased wife's sister is unlawful in Great Britain, but the Australian colo nies have legalized such marriages, and the Queen, as supreme head of the em pire, has given sanctum to this colonial usage. The anomaly is thus presented of different and antagonistic laws pre vailing in different parts of tho same empire. But now the colonists wish to go a step further, and to secure for per sons married according to their laws of consanguinity the same privileges within the mother country. If the mar riage took place in England tho children would le illegitimate ; but if the cere mony was performed in Australia they would be legitimate. The object of the new bill is to declare that the children of such marriages born in Australia shall bo exposed to no disabilities in Great Britain ; in other words, that they shall be treated as legitimate in En gland. Tho Attorney General for En gland, and also the Attorney General for Ireland, opposed the measure on legal grounds. I he House, how ever, passed tho second reading by a majority of 1J2 to 141. Entomological Commission. Tho commission appointed bf the President, in pursuance of a law passed hy tho last Uongress, to investigate the grasshopper, will have its headquarters in Frof. Ilavden's office in Washington, and their Y estern office, in which the larger part of indoor work is to be done. will bo at St. Louis. They expect to get into the held in a few days. Prof. Rilev will occupy himself moro particularly wnn me wnoie country east or the moun tains and south of the forty-eighth par alh l ; also, the west half of Iowa and the whole of British America. Prof. Thomas bikes Minnesota, Nebraska, South Dakota and East Wyoming, while Prof. Packard will make ' Montana, Ida ho, West Wyoming and the Faoitlo slope his field. . The natural history, remedies, prevention measures, the meteorological and geographical bearings of the subject, etc., will also be divided and allotted to facilitate the work of the commission. SLAUGHTER OF BUFFALOES. t Threatened Extinction ot the Kntlre 8pe-rlea-A Wanton Waate of Valuable lUvr ' Material. I Denver Cor. Chicago Tribune. i Buffalo products have figured largely in the commerce of the new West during the past six or seven years. From 18(R to 1874 it is estimated that 50,000 buffaloes per year were killed along the lines of the Union Pacific and Kansas Pacific railroadB making in five years over a auarter of a million. About one-third of iese were taken for their robes, another third for meat, and the remainder shot down for the mere sport of the thing, their carcasses being left to rot on the plains. Where they are saved for meat, generally only the hind quarters cut oil together, called 44 saddles" tho hide left on to preservo tho meat are taken. Sometimes the hump, which the Indians consider quite delicious, is also pre served. The amount of meat saved from each buffalo is from 150 to 200 pounds about one-sixth of tho entire animal. The saddles aro worth from three to five cents per pound at stations on the plains. When taken to Denver and other mar kets in Colorado, it brings two or threo cents more per pound, and retails from the butcher's block at from 10 to 15 cents. The green hides, when marketed at Greeley or Julesburg, . bring from $1.50 to $5, according to sizo ana condi tion. The following bible will show tho results of the slaughter of every 50,000 buffaloes : PROFIT. lfi,SC0 hide, average $H each 3,UX,0X pouudti meat, at 4 eon Cm. ...$ 4.),5(tO ... l:W,tMK) Total $181,500 33,000 hide, average 13 $ 99,000 20,000,000 iounda meat, at 4 cent H00.000 Total MIM.OOO Thus it will be seen that the total value of each year's slaughter of buffaloes, along the Pacific railroad, if marketed, would' be over 81,000,000, scarcely one fifth of which is ever utilized. There used to be bauds of hunters liv ing in 44 dug-outs," who hunted buffaloes solely for their hides. They were pro fessionally known as 44 skinners." A party of three or fivo could kill and strip the hide from seventy-five to 100 buffaloes per day, if the animals happened to bo thick enough. What a contrast to this wanton waste is offered by the Indians, who never kill without making use of the greater portion of the animal. It lias been their food, clothing, shelter and fuel. They used the hides dressed on one side for robes, dressed on both sides for tent-covers ; ate the brains, liver, heart and rump as delicacies ; drank the blood ; dried the meat for food ; liade the bones serve for knives, forks and spoons ; and the dried ordure for their warm winter-fires. Tanneries for dressing robes have been established at Greeley, and the hunters of the Platte and llepubliean find i ready sale for all the hides they can gather up. The robe, taken off with hesui and every part of tho skm carefully saved and stuffed, forms the most prized possession for a cabinet, and often sells at from $100 to $200. Dried buffalo hams and chipped meats go into Eastern marl'ets as delicacies. Even the bones, which heretofore have been left to whiten the plains, are gathered up and shipped to the glue factories at Philadelphia, Boston and Jersey City. As a sample of what is now being done in this way, I have obtained from the General Freight Agent of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa j Fo railroad the following statement of buffalo product shipped during the past i fivo years : Yearn, Hide, Hh. , ir.5,721 , 251,443 42,'.,H'. , ;4;,si.- 700,(HH) Meat, lb. VuV.Aoo (3J,StN) 3."0,MXI 400,000 1U) (, tb. 1,13.1,300 I 2.743,100 O14.U50 7.5.V.I,450 I 8,500,000 I 1H7 1K73 1H74 1H7. 187(5 T(tl 1.8(Mi,318 3,000,400 '2MW.HOO This makes a total of 31,G."i),518 pounds, or nearly 1,(500 car-loads, the most of which has gone forward in the past two years. Ihe fact is apparent that the wanton slaughter of buffaloes by sportsmen, dnr iug the three or four years immediately after the opening of tho Union Pacific to Cheyenne and the Kansas Pacific to Kit Carson, and again from the influx of tourists and hunting parties from the East, and even from Europe, during 18 1 0 to 1874, has almost amounted to ex termination. The results are more clearly seen this year than ever before. Ihere are now no buffaloes at all west of the Rocky mountains. None are seen in the vicinity of McPherson or Julesburg ; and hunters from the North Tlatte coun try, heretofore a favorite ground, where the Grand Duke Alexis, Gens. Sheridan and Custer, and party, had their famous hunt in the winter of 1871, report very little success. Along the line of the Kansas Pacific none at all have leen seen. Their place seems to have been taken by antelope, who have pushed out on the plains further than usual, and flocked about the stations and settle ments. Tho Upper llepubliean, where buffaloes ranged m great numbers and were very plenty only a couple of win ters ago, is almost deserted of them this winter. Brief Courtship. Charles O'Conor's peculiar wooincr is thus told by the Washington correspond ent of tho Cleveland Jlerald: 44 The young nnd beautiful widow of Commo dore McCracken, of our navy, returned from abroad, and, finding her financial affairs in a complicated Ktate, went to Mr. O'Conor to get his legal advice. Mr. O'Conor discovered that the Commo dore had died insolvent, and tho beauti ful widow was left to tho cold mercies of a selfish world without a penny to call her own. This he was obliged to break to her, whereupon sho held up her hands in piteous dismay, crying : 4 Oh, Mr. O'Conor, what shall I do? I, who havo lived in luxury all my life 1' 4Madam;' said the great lawyer, 'the best advice I can give you is to marry me.' They were married." Eldek Evans, tho leader of the Leba non Shakers, has started a graveyard on a new plan. Tho graves are to bo Vwenty feet apart, with a tree planted over each, so that in time there will bo a handsome I grove. THE STATE CAPITAL. Lansino, March 20, 1877. As the work of the session advances some of the most important bills begin to come to the surface. The school laws are undergoing quite a revision, should tho bills recommended by the Commit tee on Education be passed. One of these provides for a return to the County Superintendency system, with a few slight changes from the law in force sev eral years ago. Another bill provides for a system of teachers' institutes in tho various counties of the State. A third provides a uniform series of text look8, to be furnished at a great reduc tion in cost from present prices. A member from Wayne proposes to pu rify our system of political caucuses, and a bill intioduced for that purpose passed the House Wednesday. It provides a legal protection for the management of "primary elections," prescribing the qualification of voters, etc., but the system is not obligatory upon any party or community choosing to conduct their caucuses on the old plan. I copy sec tion if which gives an idea of the restric tions imposed for the purpose of exclud ing illegal voters and to prevent the pack ing of caucuses by persons of the oppo site party. Section 4. It ahall be tho duty of the Super vir und judgeH of uch election to entertain objection inado by any qnaliliod doctor under Haid published call or notice to any vote that may be offered, on the ground that the person offering it is not entitled to vote under the ternia of Huid call for tho naid election, or that he ia not a citizen of tho United Htatcn, a legal reHident and voter of the cloction precinct, ward, township or district, or that ho has re ceived or been promised, directly or in directly, any money, feo or reward by any candidate, or that he ha voted before at that place or Home other on that day, in the Hume election ; and it shall 1 the duty of Haid Mu t:r visor or one of tho judgen of election, if mich objection bo not withdrawn, to administer to the pumm ho offering to vote an oath or artirmntion to tho general effect that he will trulv testify to all matters relating to his said qualification, under Haid published call, his res idence, citizenship of the United States, receiv ing or being promised, directly or indirectly, any money, feo or reward for his voto for any candidate, and whether ho has voted at that or other place on that day at such election. It shall then bo tho duty of tho 8ujervisor, or ono of the judges of election, to interrogate the person so objected to, as to all tho matters in particular upon which said objection was made, and generally as to all of said qualifications. If the person so objected to Hhall refuse to an swer such questions, after said oath or affirma tion shall have been administered, it shall bo tho duty of tho Supervisor and judges of election to reject such vote. But if such oath be taken, and such questions bo answered sat isfactorily, and not contradicted successfully by the sworn testimony of other witness who may be called, it shall bo tho duty of the oupenisor and judges of election to admit tho voto sworn to bo qualified according to tho term of the call and tho provisions of this act, having tho word " sworn" noted opposite the party's name on tho ixill list. And any violation of the provisions of this section by the Supervisor and judges of ejection, shall bo deemed a misdemeanor, and shall, on convic tion, subject tho party offending to punishment as prescribed in section threo of this act. And any person who shall, upon taking such oath or affirmation, and under tho examination herein authorized, willfully mako a false state ment to a matter pertinent and material in such examination shall bo deemed guilty of the crime of icrjury, and on conviction bo pun ished as prescribed by law. A bill to 44 punish malpractice and protect the people against empiricism in medicine" was unceremoniously slaugh tered in the House Thursday morning, after having been a 44 bono of conten tion " on three several occasions in com mittee ot the whole. Tho 44 power of prayer" is still felt by the legislative body, as the petitions do not yet cease to come in. Some Van Buren county gentlemen seems to have appreciated the situation, and come in with a burlesque memorial, asking for the repeal of the laws of 44 supply and demand," for the enactment of a law to regulate the prico of apples, to reduce the rate of interest so that any man can have all the ' money he wants by sim ply asking for it, and further to abolish all distinction of sex in mat ters of civil rights or social customs. The memorial, although only a bur lesque, was about as sensible as many of those which have been presented in sober earnest. All the important railroad bills before the House nave been made tho special order for April 5. Among these are bills repealing the charters of all the railroad companies in the State not or ganized under the general law. The railroad companies generally oppose this measure, and there may be a 44 warm" contest over tho matter. Tho Railroad Commissioner does not seem to very heartily indorse the policy of re pealing these charters. In a special re port just laid on th desks of members he sa3's : The only condition mado by tho State, by which it could alter, amend, or repeal their charters, is set forth in each of them in tho fol lowing words : 44 Section 37. The State reserves the right at any time after thirty yeara from tho passage of tins act, by a vote of two-thirds of each branch of tho Legislature, to alter, amend, or repeal tho same : J'rovitll, Tho said company shall bo compensated by the State for all damages sustained by reason of euch alteration, amend ment, or repeal." Now, if tho Legislature had the right to sell the property the Stato had acquired in these two roads, it had the power to fix the condi tions by which tho State thoull be governed in regard "to the sale, as well as those which should govern the railroad companies; and among the conditions of the sale imposed on the State by the legislature was this one, which makes the State liable for any damages which might ac crue to the companies by reason of any " altera tion, amendment or repeal " of any of the con ditions of theso charters. If these charters were ever valid, tho proviso quoted must of ne-ccB-ity ei valid. It would seem that tho charter of tho Grand Kiver Valley can repealed, so as to take effect in March next ; but I fail to discover any advantago which is derived by the com pany bv operating their road under their char ter. Neither do I discover that the State w in any way tho loser by permitting them iho to do ; but. on the contrary, it is shown by tho re i wrt of tho Commissioner of llailroads for 13 j that tho company pays an annual tax to the State of 14,U40; while under tho general law tliev would Irnvo Wen liable, for tho year 187 to but t5,733.8 an amount of J,'20G.C2 less than they aro now paying under their charter. If wo fail to discover any real advantage to bo gained by the Stato from tho repeal of their charter, is it not clearly for our interest to permit them to continue the payment of this increased amount of tax T The Senate Committee on Kailroads seem to bike about the same view of the matter that Commissioner Cobb does, but the majority of the House Commit tee aro of opposite mind, and have re orted favorably on the bills repealing tho charters. LeglslatlTe Proceeding. Wednesday, March 21. Senate. Bills were pawd rvirganl7.inn tbe Elgbtofutli Jn.lirUl dis trict, and ercatliiK the Twrnty-soiond district, to couxUt et Vrnum I tie, Atcoua, AJx u. MouLiui-rrm-y, OmochU and Ioo oountW ; orgaaUtUtf tli public library of lUy Clty....IUoliitUii wore IM1 oonvejriiiK certain lanJa to Jobu li. Lawton ; ordering tho collection of certain delinquent taiea from the Lake huore and Michigan Southern rU road ; conveying certain titles of lund to J. A. f ever. ...The balance of the m-Um wae consumed in committee of the whole. IIocse. Two memorial were presented, onuter ouitly signed, aaking the LegUlature to make two provUlona In the new Detroit city charter one re quiring the municipal election to be held on a rep arate day from any other election ; another requir ing all peraona elected to office to acrve, on penalty of paying $5 for ref using.... lliua were paaaed mending Wayland village charter ; amending St. John's village charter ; amending Flint city charter ; compelling the Detroit and Saline I'lank Itoad Coin- Jmny to construct a fence between Ita road and uver Rouge.... The pedal order, relative to the taxation of the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern railroad, waa postponed till April A.... A concurrent resolution waa offered fixing April 30, at noon, aa the time for final adjournment of the Legislature. Laid over, under the rule, for one day.... The Ilouse then went into committee of the whole on the apecial order, being Daker'a caucus, and the aubetitute therefor. Mr. Baker made m speech ridiculing the aubetitute, which, he asserted, waa full ot log-holes through any of which a bull might be thrown by bis tail. After an hour's sea sion the committee rone. Leave was granted to sit again. . . .The entire afternoon waa occupied in com mittee of Uie whole on a bill requiring doctors to have a parchment. Tucesdat, March 22. Sexate. Bills werb passed, smending the Liquor law, Imposing the same penalty for keeping saloons open on election days are now imposed for keeping them open on Sundays; to amend unction 15 of chapter 2.H) of the compiled law of 1871, relative to criminal proceedings before Jimtice of the Peace ; to amend section 7,44'J of the compiled laws of 1H71, in relation to fees of Apprais ers, Commissioners, and others ; to provide for a Probate Itegister for the county of Monroe ; to amend section 1 of an act to amend chapter 150 of the Itevbted Statutee of 1856, relative to the salary of Judges of Probate; to amend section 1 of chapter 1J8 of the compiled laws of 1871, relative to proof of demand in suit ; to amend section 6.545 of the com piled laws of 1871. relative to criminal proceedings before Justices of the Peace. Hoche. Ilouite bill 44, providing that no person Khali be allowed to practice medicine in Michigan without having a diploma from some reputable Hchool of medicine, was indefinitely poirtponed . . . . A bill paused appropriating fJ5,WJ0 for electrical works m the new Capitol.... Mr. Baker's Caucus bill came up on third reading. A donperate effort was made by its opponent either to kill it or substi tute another bill, or amend the original. Each effort failed. The fight over it was hard and perMistent. It was finally pansed by a vote of 59 to 29. Two en tire new sections were tacked on to it. The modt important one disqualifies any intoxicated person from voting at a caucus. Fiuday, March 23. Senate. Petitions were presented remonstrating against the division of Wayne county. . . .The resolution to amend the con stitution so as to allow Detroit to raise money by taxation to construct a tunnel, etc., which was de feated last week, was reconsidered and pluced on special order.... Bills were passed: Incorporating Hartford village ; amending the Grand Haven city charter; increasing the amount of road tax possible to be levied by County Supervisors from half a day to a duy's labor for each f 100 worth of real estate ; amending the Lansing city charter. ' House. A message was read from the Governor, containing his first veto. The bill vetoed is one ex tending the time for collecting taxes in Howell town ship, Livingston couuty. The Governor objected on the ground that the bill was sutwtuntially a new one, tacked on to an old head, which, in the opinion of the Governor, is an evasion of the law forbidding the introduction of bills after tho first fifty two days. In concluding the Governor gave the House a little wholesome advice con cerning this course of . evasion .... Bills passed, amending the law relative to attaching reorganized territory to organized counties; that counties shall provide stationery, fuel, and furniture neecifary for the keeping of all county records ; or ganizing Jitna township, Traverse county ; prohibit ing tho solo ot fruits and vegetables in cases, boxes, and bnskets less than legal measure ; providing for the incorporation of St. Andrew's societies ; to repeal an act entitled " An act to provide for the opening and improvement of roads on tho line between ad joining townships," being section 1,214 of the com piled laws of 171 ; providing for the polling of Juries in civil and criminal cases. Saturday, March 24. Senate. Lilla were passed incorporating the city of Ishpeming ; author izing Menominee township, same couuty, to support a fire department ; amending Hudson village char ter ; reincorporating (,'helsjygnn village, Chehoyiran county ; incorporating Negsunee city, Mar quette county; authorizing Negaunee county to puy certain expenses for improving navigation iu the county ; organizing ."Ktua township. Summit ('uuty....A Joint resolution was passed appropriat ing $8,riHi to liquidate the deficit of the KUte Board of Centennial Commissioners.... The bill to appoint a commission to draft bunking laws was defeated. Housk. Bills were passed providing for tho in corporation of the Bed Ribbon Keform Clubs, and amending the law making good a deed executed by a wife to a person who has previously acquired the right of property from the husband, repealing tha law providing for tho confinement of insane crim inals. This law has lctn decided unconstitutional by the Supreme Court Much of the time was con sumed iu committee of the whole. Monday, March 2G. Senate. Some seven teen Senators only were present. Most of the day was occupied iu committee of the whole. They passed a few local and unimportant bills. House. Fifty-eight members were present, who went Into committee of the whole. No business of importance was transacted. Tuesday, March 27. Senate. Kills were passed authorizing Prosecuting Attorneys to author ize other attorneys to appear for the people in trials of cases of misdemeanors : authorizing accident in surance companies to transact business in Michi gan ; regulating the responsibilities of insurance, agents ; enforcing decrees for alimony ; increasing the fees of constables for performing certain duties ; amending the law relative to mortgage foreclosure by advertisements ; providing for raising money for school district under certain provisions ; to autend tho law relating to primary schisils ; appropriating ftKMI.OOO for running expenses of the State House of Correction, at Ionia, for the next two years ; organ izing Wenona Bunks and Salzburg into a city, to be known as West Bay City ; to repeal an act to prevent fishing during the months of December, January, February and March, in the inland lake In the county of Oceaua, approved April HI, 1875 ; relating to receivers in chancery ; relative to commissions allowed executors : relative to township boards of health and health officer A Joint resolution passed authorizing the Agricultural Land-Grant Board to confirm sales of certain lunds heretofore, made ; also the Senate bill extending tho powers of the Detroit Fire Commission, giving them authority to extend the fire limits.. Much time was taken iu committee of the wholo on the bill ap propriating money for tho Agricultural College. An attempt was mado to cut down tho professors salaries. It was finally passed by a vote of 12 toll.... The Hopkins Libel bill ceme up for a third reading, and was laid on tho tablo on the motion of its au thor. House. At a call of the House somo twelve mem bers were absent without leave, and much of tha session was devoted to fun in dealing with these ab sentees. Little or no business was transacted. Claim-Jumping 111 the Black Hills. A letter from Dead wood says : 4 'Great excitement prevails throughout the min ing districts relative to the validity of titles to claims. Miners -who located prior to the extinguishment of the Indian treaty contend that the occupancy of the land guarantees to them a valid title until a proper record can bo filed. This pretension is disputed by non-claimants, who are jumping mining claims by tho wholesale. The Deadwood Theatre pro perty was jumped last night, and the building is now being transferred into a business place. Tho streets were block aded to-day by buildings being erected by jumpers. A body of armed men left here last midnight, and to-dav jumped the very valuable Elrefugal silver mine at Bear Buttes, eight miles from here. Serious difficulty is apprehended all through the Illla. Slavery In Cuba. Some statistics are published by the Spanish Government to show that the number of slaves in Cuba is gradually decreasing, under the operation of the Gradual Emancipation law. The fact is, the revolution has a good deal to do with the diminution of the slave population. Many colored men havo escaped from tneir masters to enter the patriot ranks, and all of them who have lived within, or can get within, th patriot lines, aru thereby emancipated.