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The true northerner. [volume] (Paw Paw, Mich.) 1855-1920, April 13, 1877, Image 3

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SJruc Northerner,
TAW PAW. MICHIGAN.
THE LITTLE FOLKS.
rutlirr at l'luy.
.such fun as we had one rainy day,
"When father was homo and helped ua play !
"We made a hip and hoisted wll,
And eroded the aea in a fearful galo
Slut we hadn't sailed into London town
Wu Captain and crew and vcast'l went dowu.
Down. dwu in a Jolly wrock,
With tke Captain rolling under the deck.
Dut he tiroke out again with a lion 'a roar,
And we on two legs, he on tour,
3lau ont of the parlor and up the stair,
.And f rightened mamma and the baby there.
ro mamma said she'd le pliooman now,
JVud tried to 'rent u. Khe didn't know how.
Then the lion laughed and forgot to roar
Till we t-hactd him out of the uuraory door ;
.And then he turned to a pony gay,
And carried u all en hU back away.
Whlppity, liekity, hickity, ho!
If we hadn't fun, then I don't know I
Till we tumbled off and ho cantered on,
"Sever stopping to aoe if bis load wan gone.
Aud I couldn't Ml any more than he
Wlich waa Charlie aud which wan me,
Or which bh Towzer, for all in a mix
You'd think three people had turned to six.
Till Towzer's tail waa caught in the door ;
lie wouldn't hurrah with ua any more.
And mamma came out the rumpus to oilet,
Aud told ub a t-tory to break up a riot.
Youth' Companion.
1.1y.ie Adventure.
In the lirfet place the wind was blow
ing almost a gale. Not the cold, biting
wind that usually comes whistling down
from the North polo as Christmas day
.draws near, but n mild wind blowing
hard from the southwest, and trying its
best to bluster, though not with the best
success, for all that it had been able to
accomplish was to send the gently-falling
snow-Hakes in a feathery whirlwind
around the children's rosy faces ns they
xixn home from school, and to blow good
Deacon Toodle's hat around the corner,
where the poor man had quito a chase to
recover it. But finally this saucy wind,
in its search for mischief, met little
Lizzie Murray coming homo from an
errand over to her grandma's. And this
was tlio errand. Lizzie's sister Mary,
whoso nimble ringers had been at work,
as a great many nimble fingers are at
work, for a long time before Christmas,
preparing wonderful surprises for mam
ma, aunties and cousins, had just fin
ished a nice chair cushion-cover for
Aunt Ellen, and made the discovery that
.,she had nothing to fill the cushion with ;
and Nora, the kind-hearted maid, who often
came to the rescue when the children found
themselves in a dilemma, now offered the
timely suggestion that they 44 sind Lizzie
over to yer grandmither's afther some
hin-fithers." Now if this had not hap
pened on the verv morning that the mis
chievous south wind was out on a frolic,
Lizzie would have hod no adventure ;
but, be that as it may, she set off on her
errand as happy as every dear little child
is that thinks about long stockings stuffed
.90 full of odd-shaped bundles that they
look quite misshapen, and counts the
fast-lessening days before Santa Claus
comes. And Lizzie was thinking " only
six days more," as she skipped along over
the frozen snow, looking like a bright
little red-bird in her scarlet stockings
and mittens and scarlet-lined cape, and
her black eyes and rosy cheeks and lips
flowing under the red hood tiod snugly
"under her chin. And Snip was at her
heels. Snip was a litte shaggy, black
log, that went everywhere that Lizzie
-aid.
Grandma had the feathers, of course.
Grandma was one of those dear old ladies
that always seem to have what one wants
when in a quandary. Her cozy old house
was filled with odds and ends that many
would think not worth saving, but
igraudma could see a use that they might
be of to somebody, some time.
So Lizzie started home with the
ieathers in a paper-bag hugged closo yi
Iter chubby arms. It was quite a large
bag, but feathers, you know, are not
very heavy. The bag was carefully tied
tight at the top, and so you may imagine
that Lizzie was surprised as she trudged
along to' see a tiny feather escape and go
.sailing right away before her face. Then
another, then two together, then four or
ifive, and soon a whole handful whirling
away or lighting like birds on her hood
and flying even against her face. So she
.Lugged the bag the tighter, for of courso
.she could not see the sly little rent that
was growing larger and larger in the bot
tom. Then along came that wicked wind,
.scattering the feathers in every direction
and blowing Lizzie's capo over her head,
.muffling her face in a most tewildering
:and vexatious manner, 60 that she almost
forgot about the feathers in the trouble
of trying to rind herself again. When,
finally, in spite of the efforts of the per
verse wind, she had succeeded in unmuf
Jliug her face, she found herself in a
fihowcr of feathers, with Snip barking
.frantically around, and only few downy
little things in the corner of the torn bag.
And there was the naughty wind, fairly
puffing out his cheeks with laughter as
lie chased the grocer's boy going up the
.street with his arms full of paper pack
ages. Now Mary was anxious to finish
the cushion that day, and she looked at
Lizzie with a disappointed face when
tshe came in. gras ping tightly the torn
remnant of the bag with its forlorn
handful of feathers.
"And where aro the fithers, me child ?"
asked Nora; "what have ye done with
Tthim ?"
" Why. I tried to bring them," said
Lizzie, "but the poor things didn't want
to come, and they all flew back to grand
ana's."
When Mary took her cushion and went
herself to see if grandma had any more
feathers to spave, she camo home with it
nioelv filled : but tho feathers that flew
awav from Lizzie have never been heard
of to this day. Aiw lork Jribunc.
Fourth Month Iunoi.
The curious custom of joking on tho
first of April, sending tho ignorant or
the unwary on fruitless errands, for tho
f makinrr them feel foolish and
Imvinor a laucrli at them, prevails
mrr widolv in the world. And whether
, mi mil tho victim a "Fourth niontl
' nuce," an "April fool," nn "April
fish " (as in France, or an "April gowk"
(as ia Scotland), tho object, to deceive
him and laugh ut him, is everywhere the
same.
The custom has been traced back for
ages ; all through Europe, as far back as
tho records go. The "Feast of Fools"
is mentioned as celebrated by tho ancient
llomans. In Asia tho Hindoos have a
festival, ending on the 31st of March,
called the " Huli festival," in which they
play the samo sort of first of April
pranks translated into Hindoo laugh
ing at the victim, and making him a
" Huli fool." It goes back even to
Persia, where it is supposed to have a
beginning, in very ancient times, in the
celebration of spring, when their New
Year begins.
How it camo to bo what we everywhere
find it the wiso men cannot agree. The
many authorities aro so divided that I
see no way but for us to accept the cus
tom as we find it, wherever we may hap
pen to be, and be careful not to abuse it
Some jokes are peculiar to particular
places. In England, where it is called
All Fools' day, one favorite joke i is to
send the greenhorn to a bookseller to
buy the, "Life and Adventures of Eve's
Grandmother," or to a cobbler to buy a
few cents' worth of " strap-oil " strap
oil being, in tho language of the shoo
miaking brotherhood, a personal applica
tion of the leather. The victim usually
gets a good wliipping with ft strap.
There was an old superstition in En
gland that prayers to the Virgin at 8
o'clock on All Fools' day would be of
wonderful efficacy, and it is seriously
mentioned by gravo writers of old days.
In Scotland tho first of April fun is
called " hunting tho gowk," and consists
most often of sending a person to an
other a long way off, with a note which
says, "Hunt tho gowk another mile."
The recipient of the note gives him a new
missive to still another, containing the
same words; and so tho sport goes on,
till tho victim remembers the day of the
month, and sits down to rest and think
about it.
In France, where tho custom is very
ancient, the jokes are much the same;
but the victim is called an "April fish,"
because he is easily caught. In one part
of France there is a custom of eating a
certain kind of peas which grow there,
called pois c riches. The joke there is
to send the peasants to a certain convent
to ask for those peas, telling them that
the fathers aro obliged to give some to
every one who comes on that day. The
joke is as much on the monks as on the
peasants, for there is often a perfect rush
of applicants all day.
A more disagreeable custom prevails
in Lisbon on the 1st of April, when tho
great object is to pour water on passers
by, or, failing in that, to throw powder
in their faces. Jf both can be done, the
joker is happy.
I need not tell you the American
styles of joking : nailing a piece of sil
ver to the side-walk ; tying a string to
a purse, and jerking it away from greedy
fingers ; leaving tempting-looking pack
ages, filled with sand, on door-steps ;
frying doughnuts with an interlining of
wool ; putting salt in the sugar-bowl,
etc. You know too many already.
But this custom, with others, com
mon in coarser and rougher times, is
fast dying out. Even now it is left al
most entirely to playful children and
the uneducated classes. This sentiment,
quoted from an English almanac of a
hundred years ago, will, 1 m sure, meet
the approval of "grown-ups" of tho
nineteenth century :
nut u a thing to be disputed.
Which in the greatest fool reputed,
The one that innooently went,
Or he that him designedly sent.
St. Nicholas for April.
Small-Talk.
The little boy's comment on the spout
ing whalo : " Oh, my, doesn't ho sneeze
a good long way ?"
As Frank 6tood watching the dust
whirling in eddies, he exclaimed, " Ma,
I think the dust looks as if there was go
ing to be another little boy made."
Bright-eyes, on being told that her
heart was like a garden, where flowers
grew when she was good and weeds when
she waa naughty, rendered it afterward :
When I am naughty I have a wee! in
my stomach."
" Comparisons are odious I lhe Aia-
jor (rocking Nelly on his knee, for Aunt
Mary's sake) Nelly "Yes, it's very
nice, liut 1 rode on a real donxey,
yesterday I mean one with four legs,
you know."
A littlo liochester girl who had been
taught to say in her evening prayer :
"Please watch over my papa," lately im
proved upon that by adding, ''You'd bet
ter keep an eye on mamma, too !"
" No. said the smart boy-baby, when
tho pretty young woman wanted to kiss
Mm. " But why not !" asked she. " O,
I am too littlo to kiss you ; papa will
kiss you; papa kifs?s all the big girls."
lie was permitted to piay witn his toys.
Littlo miss "Papa. I cati eat a piece
more currant tart, please." Papa "No,
my child; I have already said that you
have had sufficient." Little miss "Well,
papa, then why do we so often sing that
lavonto hymn of yours, where it says,
Feed me till I want no more ? She had
the tart.
Mamma " What is tho baby crying
for, Maggie? Maggie "I don't
know. Mamma "And what are you
looking so indignant about ?" Maggie
lhat nasty dog s been and took and
eaten my 'puuge cake. Mamma,
" Why I saw you eating a sponge cake a
minute ago. Maggie "Oh, that was
buby'Bl"
A M0TIIEH S JEWELS.
I have strung on the thread of lifo, dear child,
l'or precious geuis, thy year ;
There arennly elfjht, no I've placed between,
For pe;is, a mother's teara ;
Not tears of sorrow, but tears of Joy,
To think that I have given
Some Jewels to make up the crown
1 hat an angel or in heaven.
F. C. Jaqii, in Uoitun Traniicrijtt.
Small People.
Any family, no matter what its social
standing maybe, is liable to have a dwarf
in its circle. The celebrated Gen. Tom
Thumb, who was considered, in da
cone by. such a pigmy, would now i
looked upon as a giant if placed iu con
tact with the numerous little people that
exist. The strangest of all freaks of
nature is shown iu the Kieco family from
Germany, now at New York. Taking
tho whole family of four, their unitci.
weight does not equal one-half tho weigl
of an ordinary man. The likeness of one
to the other is remarkably strong, am
they plainly show their age, being fully
matured and developed.
HYUIEMC NOTES.
VENTILATION'.
A physician recommends as essential
to health the opening of tho windows of
every room in a house for a short time
daily, that the atmosphere may be puri
fied and changed. The want of proper
ventilation is ono of the prominent causes
of typhoid fever, in connection with un
closed conduits to the sewer drains in
bedrooms.
TArE-WORM REMEDY.
I know by actual experience that one
half ounce of powdered korson root,
steeped in ono pint of hot water, and
taken in equal parts water, root and all
stirred up two hours apart, on an empty
stomach that has received no food or
drink for twelve hours, and followed in
one hour by a very large dose of salts,
will expel tape-worm. Cur.' Chicauo
Tribune.
WHEN AND HOW TO EAT FRUIT.
When fruit does harm it is becauso it
is eaten at improper times, in improper
quantities, or before it is ripened and fit
fox the stomach. A distinguished phy
sician has said that if his patients would
make a practice of eating a couple of
good oranges before breakfast, from Feb
ruary to June, his practice would bo
gone. Tho principal evil is that we do
not eat enough of fruit ; that wo injuro
its finer qualities with sugar ; that we
drown them in cream. We need tho
medical action of the pure fruit ucids in
our system, and their cooling, corrective
influence. Medical Journal.
SNEEZING.
As a rule, a sneeze is the warning na
ture gives that some part of the body is
exposed to a cooler temperature than tho
other parts, and that the sneezer is
"catching cold." Next to tho warning,
what is tho use of tho sneeze ? It throws
open the pores of tho whole body, and
induces a gentle perspiration ; in a word,
it throws off the cold. A child rarely
sneezes more than twice. Perspiration
is readily induced in a youth ; an old
man, on the contrary, sneezes half a
dozen to a dozen times, with a loudly ex
plosive " catchogue." It is harder to set
him to perspiring. When one is sitting
by an open window, and finds himself
sneezing nature tells him ho is taking
cold. He should get up instantly, walk
about, and take a full tumbler of cold
water to keep up tho gentle perspiration
that tho sneeze set in motion. If ho
does this, ho will not be telling, an hour
after, that he has a "cold in his head,"
or chest, or lungs. Dr. E. Went worth
REMEDIES FOR SCARLET FEVER.
Dr. Henry Pigeon writes to tho Lon
don Lancet as follows : " Tho marvel
ous success which has attended my
treatment of scarlet fever by sulphur in
duces mo to let my medical brethren
know of my plan, so that they may bo
able to apply the same remedy without
delay. All the cases in which I used it
were very well marked, and the epider
mis on the arms in each caso came away
like tho skin of a snake. The following
was the exact treatment followed in each
caso : Thoroughly anoint the patient
twice daily with sulphur ointment ; give
five to ten grains ot sulphur in a little
jam three times a day. Sufficient sul
phur was burned, twice daily (on coals
on a shovel), to fill the room with the
fumes, and, of course, was thoroughly
nhalcd by the patient. Under this
mode of treatment each case improved
nimediately, and none were over eight
days in making a complete recovery, and
I firmly believe in each it was prevented
from spreading by the treatment adopt
ed. One. caso was in a largo school.
Having hod a large experience in scarlet
fever last year and this, I feel some con
fidence in my own judgment, and I am
of opinion that the very mildest cases I
ever saw do not do half so well as bad
cases do by the sulphur treatment, and,
as far as 1 can judge, sulphur is as near
a specific for scarlet fever as possible. "
Mr. Witt, member of the lloyal Col
lege of Surgeons, has published a pam
phlet, in which he states that bicarbonate
of ammonia is a specific for the cure of
scarlet fever and measles. He cites Dr.
Peart, of Liverpool, and other practi
tioners, who have never lost a case out of
hundreds since adopting this remedy.
Two drachms of the bicarbonate of am
monia are dissolved in five ounces of
water, and two table-spoonfuls of the so
lution given every two, three or four
hours, according to the urgency of the
symptoms. No acid drink must be
taken, but only water, or toast and
water. The system is to be moved by a
dose of calomel if necessary. The room
must be well ventilated, but the patient
kept from tho slightest cold or draught.
Gargles should also bo employed in clear
ing the throat. The ammonia seems to
counteract the poison which causes scar
latina, and also acts on tho system by di
minishing the frequency and at the same
time increasing tho strength of the pulse.
What It Oiwis to FeiMl Insects.
There aro about 1,000 species of in
sects in this country which are injurious
to our grain, forage, and field crops, our
garden vegetables, fruit crops, and forest
and fruit trees. Among tuom a few are
specially destructive. In 1875, it is said,
as many as 10,000 settlers were driven
out of Kansas by grasshoppers. In
Missouri, according to State Entomol
ogist lUley, the damage done by these
insects in 1874 exceeded $15,000,000, and
ho estimates the losses in the other parts
of tho West at twice as much more, in
all, 13,000,000 for one year's support of
these pests. During the samo year, tho
lestruction of growing crops by the
chinch bug amounted to 19,000,000 in
Missouri alone. Just ten years before,
in Illinois, tho same insect occasioned a
loss of over 73,000,000 in a single sea
son. The average annual damago to the
cotton crop of the country by tho cotton
army worm, is estimated at 30,000,000.
The devastating potato beetlo is capable
of deducting other millions from tho an
nual profits of our agriculture, and tho
thousand other insect plagues are easily
competent to swell tho aggregato annual
board-bill of their kind to something
like 200,000,000, according to the esti
mates of Prof. Packard, whoso conclu
sions on ft subject liko this are well
worthy of respect.
If tliis enormous sum, or even half of
it, could bo saved, it would soon amount
to enough to pay tho national debt. Tho
question whether it can bo saved, or any
portion oi ii, is certain ly worm consmer
ing. Prof. Packard is confident that.
with care and forethought, based on the
observation of facts by scientific men,
from 30,000,000 to 100.000,000 of tlds
annual loss could easily be prevented by
a littlo co-operation between the several
States and the general Government, He
would have tho former emulate tlio prac
tical good sense of Missouri, and each
appoint , a salaried entomologist. Then
theso gentlemen, acting in connection
with ft United States Commissioner of
Entomologists, might issue weekly bul
letins, perhaps in combination with the
Weather Signal Bureau, reporting the
condition of the insect world, forewarn
ing farmers and gardeners from week to
week of the insect enemies to be guarded
against, and suggesting the preventive
ami remedial means that should be
adtted. The cost would bo compara
tively slight; the possible good immense.
Scientific American,
THE WORLD OF FASHION.
Ladies J fats. Hats come in the Dev
onshire shape, and aro very picturesque
and lecoming to large fiieoa. They are
smaller than those of last season, and on
ono side the brim and tho back rolls up.
English walking hats with Derby crowns
reappear, and there is a new shape some
thing like a riding hat, with a stiff,
square, high crown, with tho rim rolled
backward. This shape is uncompromis
ingly dignified, and admits of no liber
ties in the shapo of garlands, wreaths
and laces.
Jlnntinq. Bunting is to tako a promi
nent part in tho summer materials, shar
ing with a new style of goods called sea
side barege the usual popularity of such
goods as can bo advantageously made
into costumes for wear during tho sum
mer both at the seashore and in tho
mountains. Seasido barege resembles
tho old make of barege, being perhaps a
little heavier, with moro durability and
Inxly combined. It is cheap, and comes
in very pretty tomes of light color, to be
trimmed with jacquard braids and em
broidered bands.
Improved Bustles. A substantial im
provement in bustles and paniers is that
of having tho ends of the horizontal
hoops interlocked with tho lengthwise
wires in a secure way that prevents them
from being displaced and protruding at
the ends, as they aro apt to do. Another
good invention puts hinges in the length
wise wires, so that they will fold without
breaking when the wearer sits down.
These are made up in cloth and in skele
ton paniers, small bustles, long ones,
and the small hoop-skirts that many
ladies liko to use during tho summer
months.
Straw. Old-fashioned leghorn is re
vived in bonnets, with an admixture of
yellow-lace straw, open-worked yellow
braids, and an open straw with chenille
dots. Tuscan straws have a teautiful
satiny luster of the samo bright-yellow
hue, and there are cliips, no longer
cream-colored, but of a deeper shade,
and black chips are mixed with lace straw
in open lattice-work or lustrous satin
twists. All of the edges of straw bonnets
aro finished with a pretty fancy straw
gimp, or aro made with an edge pre
cluding the necessity of piping or bind
ing. This dainty bit of ornamentation
is becoming to all styles of faces. The
crowns aro made of straw or silk, accord
ing to fancy.
And So Forth. Mandarin is the
loading shade of yellow. Smoked pearl
buttons are very fashionable. All tho
new shades of green have ft yellow tinge.
Silk chemises and drawers are no longer
fashionable. Netted fly fringes in Moorish
designs are most sought for. The Bre
ton vest crops out in many of the spring
costumes. Gray kid gloves have the run
of fashionable favor this season. Bound
capes will take the place of dolmans as
the season advances. 1 eathors for head
dresses are studded with steel and crys
tal. Tho latest foreign fashion plates
represent oone-shaptxl hats. Large
golden butterflies for the hair aro in
vogue once more. Hair-line and pin
head checked silks make stylish spring
suits. Seaside barege is the novelty for
country toilets for the coming season.
Brides dresses at the moment are
trimmed with fringes of the lilies of the
valley, headed with orange blossoms.
Clasps and buttons are so mode in parts
that only on leing united is the natural
object selected for imitation complete.
The new veils aro large and square, and
worn so as to cover the hat ana to tie in
front under the chin in scarf style, Tho
combination of black with blue or roRe
color has returned to favor, and is
adopted in many of tiie newest and most
elegant French costumes.
The Sagacity of a (iandcr.
A correspondent informs ns that in
the village of Drayton, a grain-buyer,
several weeks ago, saved a gamier from
two dogs who were acting rudely toward
him, and ever since he has shown tho
greatest affection for Ins protector; in
fact ho never leaves him while in tho
market, and if he enters a store or other
place of business the gander will remain
outside the store until his guardian
comes out, and will always greet him
with kindness, which he shows by mak
ing ft great noise, flapping his wings,
wagging his tail, and following him wher
ever ho goes. He is the observed of all
observers, and is certainly n curiosity.
Ho can be seen every day in tho village,
following his protector from door to
door. The perceptive faculties of this
gander are remarked by everybody, and
particularly by strangers, as he will per
ceive his protector in tho morning when
ho Comes to business, several blocks
away, and will immediately fly to him
with every demonstration of love. 2o-
ronto Globe.
A Ojiccr People.
Tho Mennouites do not appreciate the
privileges of American citizenship. At
a general conferenco recently held at
Elkhart, Ind, it was resolved that all
members of the church who had voted
at tho lato Presidential election should
bo admonished, and that every minister
should try to induce his members to ab
stain from voting. Previous to 1871, tho
Mennonitcs in Southern Russia were ex
empted from one of the duties of Euro
pean citizenship military duty. In
that year the privilege waa abolished
and tlio immigration movement to tho
United States set in. They never go to
law, and make it a rulo never to accept ft
public office which would render it nec
essary for them to tako an oath. This
lKing the case, it is not strango that
American politics offers few attractions
to them.
BlU SALARIES.
Th W'y (lie Money Goes.
New York Cor. Cincinnati Enquirer.
Taka a walk with mo any day in the
centers of tlio financial, insurance, com
mercial and manufacturing interests, and
I could point out a score or two of men
whose salaries aro over 50,000, many
more who receive over 25,000 per year,
and hundreds whoso income from salary
alone runs from 3,000 to 20,000. Not
by any means does the remuneration de
pend uTon educational advantages. On
the contrary, some of tho highest-priced
oillcials are self-made men with good
common "cart-horse sense." Away up
town is the suiorintendent of a large
sugar refinery whoso salary is 30,000
per year. Many years ago no camo hero
a poor German sugar refiner, and worked
for day's wages. Ho was fertile in
genius, experimented ft great deal, and
made valuable discoveries in the refining
process. He was rapidly promotwl in
salary and position, and, when ho re
ceived and was about to accept ft salary
of 25,000 from ft rival refinery, he was
offered 30,000 to remain. In tlio brew
ery interest I recall persons whoso sala
ries run away up into the thousands.
Two managers of large breweries in
this city and neighborhood are paid
23,000 each, five are paid 15,000
each, and seven receive 10,000 per
year. Many of our railroad
officials receive princely salaries. Jew
ett, Receiver of tho Ene, gets 30,000 ;
Toucey, Superintendent of tho New
York Central and Hudson River railroad,
it is said, receives 20,000 ; the General
Manager of the Pennsylvania railroad is
credited with receiving 75,000; tho
"head man" of the New York and Bos
ton ia paid 35,000, while few General
Managers of leading Eastern roads re
ceive less than 20,000. The bank
Presidents receive enormous sums. At
least six receive $50,000 per year each ;
nine range from 25, 000 to 130,000, and
a number get from 10,000 to 15,000.
The same is true of the steamship in
terests a largo number of tho higher
officials ocketing all the way from
10,000 to 30,000 per year for their ser
vices to the corporations they represent.
Life and firo insurance furnishes a field
for great expectations on the part of
those who aspire to become Presidents
and seerctaries of companies. Tho com
panies have always been shy of exposing
the sums paid their chief officials.
Fortunately our Legislature took the
matter into consideration, and forced the
leading companies to give tho informa
tion desirod. Eighteen companies
responded very reluctantly. Three
Presidents received 130,000 or over per
year, three 15,000 or over, three
12,000, and the balance run from 3,000
to 11,807. Mr. Hyde, of the Equitable
Life, has had a "rich placer" since
1859, when he began at 1,000. In
the past eighteen years ho has received
183,903.
StockItal.sIng on the Plains.
A correspondent of the Chicago Trib
ttnc writes as follows from Ogden, Utali-j
lerntory: "It does not require much
capital to begin with. The most that is
needed is a partnership between two or
more persons who have a good stock of
patience and stick-to-it-tiveness. Ten
years at the business, it is claimed, with
proper attention and common sense, will
make any one who engages in it rich.
There are many men on the plains with
their thousand heads of cattle who began
with but a few dozen only four or five
years ago. Tho non-productive animals
were sold for slaughter aud the proceeds
invested in others to increase the herd.
It costs nothing to keep them. The
range is free. The cost of the herds
man's living is almost as unimjwrtant.
He may build him a ranch e for protec
tion in winter if ho wishes of sods, at no
expense except of tinio and labor. His
herd is hist savings bank, and his increase
is his interest, which goes on compound
ing from year to year, until tho owner is
a wealthy man beiore he knows it. lhe
story of HilT, 'the cattle king of the
plains,' reads like a romance. He began
herding in 1850, with ft small capital,
but kept his money in the business until
he began to Ikj rich, when, instead of
retiring on his laurels, he secured a range
extending from Julesburg west about
150 miles, and south to the South Platte.
where he bought and turned loose ft large
herd of Texas cattle, in addition to the
nerd he had carefully trained up. He
has now (50,000 head of cattle, from which
he sells 5,000 or more every year, bring
ing him in 100,000, and over, annually.
The increase per year is about 70 per
cent, of the whole number.
" On the Laramie plains sheep-raisini?
is moro followed than elsewhere. Sev
eral parties have flocks of 10,000. which
have been but a few years in multiplying
to that number. One man, with a pony
and two shepherd dogs, aro all that aro
needed to guard a flock. The average
increase is said to be about 80 per cent ,
and many regard the profit greater and
surer than in cattle-raising. But stock
raising, although it has already become
of the first importance, is yet in its in
fancy. 1 his vast fertile region is capa
ble of supporting millions where it only
has thousands now."
A Thiers Trick.
Tho following very clever and sublime
ly impudent dodcro was some time since
adopted by a Parisian thief : A lady, en
tering her apartment, discovered that
a man was beneath her betU v mi much
presence of mind she exclaimed : " Oh,
dear, what a bore ; I forgot my parcel
after all," and presently left the room,
locking the door. The thief looked out
of the window, and saw there was no
escape that way, and so ho proceeded
to undress himself and get into the bed.
Before long a key turned in the door,
and ft voice came from the bed, as tho
lady, accompanied by an officer of police,
entered, asking : " Why, what's all this
about ?" Then, as they approached the
bed, ho exclaimed: "Ah, hah 1 I see
how it is. Madanfb is tired of me, is she,
and thinks she'll bo rid of mo in this
way? Well, well, I'll go." In vain tho
lady indignantly protested, and demand
ed his arrest. The officer thought that
it would bo useless, under tho circum
stances, to detain him, and he was soon
out of bed and away.
The wife of John Heffner, of Reading,
Fa,, has just presented her husband with
their forty-fifth child. There is proba
bly not another family in the Union hav
, ing so many child ru.
PEOPLE AND THIN US.
A Georgia editress has fallen heir to
100,000.
The plaintiff in a San Francisco di
vorce suit is a man 80 years old, and the
wife is 70.
Franklin county, Miss., has leen with
out a jail for the lust six mouths, and
moreover has no need of one.
The village of Port Jackson, N. Y.t
emulates South Carolina and Louisiana
by having two sets of officers.
Woman's suffrage has come within one
of a viotory in the Rhode Island Legis
lature. The vote stood 2G to 25.
The Government survey boats to 1
used on the Ohio are to be named J.
Donald Cameron and Gen. W. T. Sher
man. The United States sends more pupils
to the Royal Conservatory of Music in
Leipsio than any other foreign country
save England.
Ax English ticket-of-leave man, who
could obtain no work, recently committed
a petty theft that ho might be returned
to penal servitude.
A Cincinnati quack, known as Dr.
Raphael, became conscience-stricken le
cause of tho death of several patients,
and killed himself.
Darwin's admirers in Germany have
made a present to him of a magnificent
album, containing the phctaphs of
over 200 Darwinists.
Gov. Stanford states that the South
ern Pacific will be built 110 miles be
yond tho Colorado into Arizona before
the next session of Congress.
There is a girl 10 years old in Hinds
county, Miss., who is six feet, weighs 190
pounds, and has six fingers on each
hand, and six toes on each foot.
A Texas sheep-raiser says there are
about 2,000,000 head, of sheep on the
borders of the Rio Grande, the finest
sheep-raising country in the world.
A man living near San Antonio, Tex.,
cut 72,000 shingles from one cypress tree,
which he sold for 300, enough to pay for
tho whole tract of land upon winch the
tree grew.
Secretary Schurz has detailed ono of
tho lady clerks in his department, a na
tive of this country who was educated in
Germany, to take charge of his German
correspondence.
Abraham T. Beidler, of Reading,
Pa., vaccinated himself with impure
virus, which produced great swelling of
the arm and inflammation of the system,
resulting in death.
The Duchess of Marlborough intends
to make it a condition of the St. Patrick's
balls in Dublin Castle that women shall
wear Irish poplins. This is done to re
vive trade in that fabric.
In England, in 1873, iron and steel
rails were selling at 15 and jC22 per ton
respectively ; now they may le had for
5 5s and 7 5s. Pig iron has fallen to
less than half its price in 1873.
When tho new Postmaster General is
surrounded by tho horde of Washington
house-agents offering their establisli
ments for lease, it is said he smilingly re
marks that he has nine cliildren.
Secretary Fisn, on a salary of 8,000
a year, lived in a house the rent of which
waa 8,000. His total expenses were
itlxmt 50,000 a year, which his large
fortune mode it easy for him to sustain.
Mihs Maxwell Graham, of Williams
wood, England, has left 20,000 to four
charitable societies, wherewith to relieve
poor Protestants, who are named Hutchi
son or Maxwell, and to educate their
cliildren.
A Chinawoman was sold by her hus
band to a fellow-countryman in Califor
nia for 230. She was then healthy, but
she soon fell sick, and was disabled for
work, so the purchaser killed her with a
cleaver.
Durino the twenty-two years of his
reign the luissian uzar has laned to in
dorse a singlo sentence to capital pun
islunent From 1855 to 18G0 222 sen
tences were submitted to him and set
aside.
Live lobsters are the latest imported
edible from the Unitod States to Great
Britain, one 6teamer having recently
carried a tank containing 700. A con
stant flow of sea water was kept in tho
tank by means of a small engine.
People want whisky pretty badly
sometimes. An Allegheny (Pa.) man
went on a spree, tho other day, with
money obtained by selling his dead
child's shoes, and also that intended for
the purchase of a coflin to bury it in.
The business of fortune-telling is per
ilous in Nevada. Castello, a gypsy, told
a Truckee man that his wife was unfaith
ful, and tlio wife, on learning what had
been said about her, whipped the gypsy
with a rawhide until he fell from exhaus
tion. Latest advices from Africa indicate
that Miss Alice Wren was killed by sav
ages, and not strangled by Mile. Cora,
as at first reported. It is now feared
that tho wholo Cora troupe have been
murdered, as nothing has been heard
from them.
The notion has leen started that com
pressed tea, by a process which reduces
it to one-tenth of its ordinary bulk, is
economical. The theory is that the com
pression thoroughly breaks the cells and
smaller vesicles of tho leaves, so that
boiling water acts effectively on it.
nest-building.
Lmly bird, laly Mrd, wake from your droama !
The winter, all dreary, is over ;
I hear tho murmur of myriad streams
Sinning aoft through the uppprintfinR clover.
I've wooed you by melody tender and low,
And yon you remember it aweetent? .
Yon Kave mc my auawer while stara were aglow,
By glance the Khycet and fleetest.
Tbeu hiatcn t the hloHHoxna give promise of bloom,
And we, in lhe April hours,
Must hnish our nent where riih perfume
Will reach us from all the flowers.
Our little ones, fledged while the chcrriea arc red,
Can dine at their own sweet treasure,
And guarding them close while their banquet is
spread.
We'll sing without stint or measure.
A touno Frenchman, to avoid con
scription, pleaded that his right arm was
paralyzed. The story was not Indieved,
and various pretexts were resorted to to
compel him to acknowledge the efficiency
of the member. It was proposed to cut
it off, but the young man did not shrink
in presenco of the surgeon and his in
struments. Under pretext of taking
him to another hospital rTr tho opera
tion, he was thrown into tlio river that
was crossed. He at first swam with his
loft arm, but, finding that insulficirnt,
finally struck out with his right, and re
veald his trickery.

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