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FRIDAY, HKITEMUEH 7, 1877.
NEWS OF THE WEEK. THIS WAR IN THE EAST Dispatches from London on Ang. 30 eUte that after the dosjrate but unsuccessful t emit of th Turks to drive the Russians out of Hchipka paw the attack was not renewed, and up to Tuesday the opposing forces confined themselves to outpost HkinniHhiug. Tho Turks appear to have wcured possession of somo height which threatt-n the Russian flanks and are beyond reach of the Russian batteries, lladetzky had been heavily reinforced, and ex pected t be able to hold his position, whilo the Turks were taking advantage of tho sus pension of actual fighting to conHtruct strong earthworks in tho valley of the Tundja. A telegram from Tern, dated Ang. 31, says : " The preliminary useless and bloody assaults on the front of the Russian positions have boen abandoued, and tho investment of the Russian right flank commenced. The uatural obstacles encountered by the Turks aro of tremendous magnitude. Guns have been dragged by hand up heights almost Impassable by unencumbered footmen. In the charges and counter-charges at the position gained by the Turks on the Russian flank the results were murderous. On the slope- in front of tho Turkish guns de fending tho line of the rifle-pits 210 Russian Isxlies wero left within a space seventy-five yards square Quarter was rarely given or taken in this attack. From the beginning of the assault on Schipka, the fighting has been often hand-to-hand, and tho dead outnumber tho wounded." An estimate. of the losses at the battle of hchipka pass places thoso of the Russians at 8,000 and those of the Turks at 22,000. The Russians continue their advance in Asia Minor. Russian accounts report some fighting, in which they claim to have defeated tho Turks. A telegram from Erzerom Bays the Russians bave changed their position, and are now be tween the Turkish army and AlexandropoL C-onstantinople dispatches report a severo battle in Bulgaria, on the 30th ult, between tho Russians and Mehemet Ali's forces. The Turks made an attack in force along tho line of the River Lorn, and there was some hard fight ing throughout the entire day, resulting, ac cording to Turkish accounts, advantageously to their arms. They admit a loss of 3,000 in killed and wonnded, and claim that the Russian loss was much heavier. A London dispatch says : " From accounts reaching hero it would seem that the Russians have fared better in recent engagements than has lx-en supposed. Tho battlo at Felisat has resulted in the defeat of Osman Pasha, with a loss of 2,500 in killed and wounded, while the Russians only lost 500. The fighting was for tho possession, of a formidable rodoubt held by tho Russians. The Turks fought with tho most desperate valor, and were mowed down by hundreds by the galling fire of tho Russians, and were finally compelled to retire, leaving tho coveted posi tion in the hands of tho enemy." Suleiman Pasha has abandoned the attempt on tho Russian position in Schipka pass. It is stated that Grand Duke Michael, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian array in Asia Minor, has assumed command of Gen. Meli koffs army in person, that ofticer having been removod for exceeding his orders. Tho Grand Duko Nicholas' long-expected at tack upon the forces under Osman Pasha, by which he expected to retrieve the Plevna dis aster, began at 10 o'clock onthe morning of Tuesday, Sept. 4. The assault was made along tho whole line, and was irresistible. Tho fight ing that ensued as soon as the entire move ment had been fairly unmasked by the Russians was of tho most terrific character, both on the part of tho Turks and their assailants. Al most every strategic point along the whole line of operations was the scene of desperate charges by the Russians. In nearly every in stance when the Russians reached the Turkish positions they succeeded in carrying them de spito all the irregularity of the ground. The defense of tho Turks was determined and des perate, but they were unablo to withstand the onslaught of their opponents, and were com polled to retiro sullenly from position after po sition. Advices from Aia Minor report that the Turks have evacuated and the Russians reoo cupied the Black sea port of Bookgoom Kale ; that the Abschasian coast is now clear of Turks, and that tho insurrection in the interior ha-s boon suppressed. GENERAL FOREIGN NEWS. Tho editor of a Paris paper has boen sum moned before tho Correctional Tribunal for publishing an - insulting remark about Gen. Grant About tho samo hour the ex-President was in the city of Edinburgh, undergoing tho coremony of having the freedom of tho Hootch capital presented to him. A cable dispatch announces tho death of Louis Adolph Thiers, the celebrated French statesman, in the BOLh year of his ago. The death of Thiers has created a profound impression throughout all Europe, and more especially in France, where it is regarded as a national calamity. Manifestions of public grief are noticeablo to an extent which recalls the stato of feeling in the United States pro duced by the intelligence of the sudden Inking off of Trcsi lent Lincoln in 18C5. The Repnb- licans are dismayed at the sudden loss of the man upon whom they had centered tlwir hopes and desires as the successor of MacMahon, while the Conservatives regard the circum stanoo as certain to operate in their favor at the ensuing elections. DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. A shocking accident is reported from Salem, Mass. A railway train ran down a crowded pier, killing four persons and wounding several more. Several ladles, in their fright, leaped off the pier into the water, but were rescued. Three railway strikers were tried at Iitta borgh, last week, for interfering with the run ning of trains on a road that had passed into the hands of a receiver. They were flued 1100 and Hontenoed to ninety days' imprisonment. A little boy Bupposod to be the missing Charles Ross was taken by the Sheriff of Clarke county, Ohio, to Oermantown, Fa. There was much excitement In the town over the arrival of the child, and a great crowd gathered at the Ross mansion to get a view of him. Many of the neighbors who remembered Charley were firmly of the opinion that the lost boy had at last len recovered, but Mr. and Mrs. Ross, while admitting that the Ohio lad boro a strong rwemblance of their child, were positive that he was not Char by. Alvin Adams, founder of the Adams Express Company, died tho other day at his home in Watcrtowu, Mass. A fire in New York last week destroyed J. P. Halo's piano factory and about eighty other buildings, mostly factorios and tenement houses. The flames spread so rapidly that the occupants barely escaped with their lives. Two or three persons are missing, and it is leared they perished. Los estimated at f350,000. New York city has had a genuine case of yel low fever. WOMt Tho most disastrous railway accident Uiat has happened in the West nince the Ashtabula calamity occurred on the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad on the morning of Aug. 29. A passenger train bound west, and consisting of Barnum's nhow car, one express, three coaches and a sleeper, was passing over what is knows aa Littlo Four-Mile creek, nine miles east of Des Moines, Iowa, when tho bridge gave way, precipitating the entire train into the stream, which was greatly swollen at the time by heavy rains that had fallen during the night. Tho train was running at the ordinary speed. Tho bridge rested on a stone arch twelve feet in the clear, supported in turn by walls five feet thick. The bridge is approached from tho cast round a curve, and down grade. It is thought the rails were standing alone as the train approached, and the engineer, who had slackened his speed till he came in sight of tho bridge, supposing that all was right, dashed upon it. Tho chan nel of the stream was forty or fifty feet wide. and tho banks about twenty feet high.' The locomotive, in its wild dash, landed at tho foot of the western side, and half buried itself in the earth. Barnum's car was next to the en gine. It dropped into the channel; the bag gage and mail car followed, passed directly over it, mashing it to pieces, and went to tho bottom, a bar of Iron running clear through it. fho men in that car escaped alive. Even the lamps wore not put out. The first passenger car pitched headlorg Into the chan nel, whero the water was at least fifteen feet deep. Tne next car was plunged under thi, telescoping with it, and tho next telescoped half through both of tho two preceding it. The sleeping car did not go Into the wreck, simrily because there was not enough room for it. Its occupants were jarred, but none of thorn seriously hurt. The most of the killed wero in the car In front of tho sleeper. Tho Kccio at the time of the accident is described as having been torrine. Rain was falling in tor rents, accompanied by wind, lightning and vio lent thunder. Tho crash put out the lights, aud tho scene of terror ensuing may well be Imag ined. The men who wero not injured and could get out went to work at once to rescue the living and tho wounded. They had to go a milo to a farm-house to get axes to chop them out, but they worked hero ically, and, by daylight, had tho most of tho wounded rescued. There wero many pitiful scenes and tender incidents. One mother was killed sitting between two children who escaped unhurt. One little girl, who had lain in tho water for four hours with a heavy man lying dead beneath her body, was discovered to bo breathing, and was rescued and restored, aud now shows no signs of injury. Twenty dead bodies were taken out of the wreck, and it is thought the death-roll will be still further in creased, as many of tho wounded, numbering upward of fifty, are injured to such an extent that they can hardly recover. A Salt Lake dispatch announces tho death of Brigham Young, tho Mormon saint, after an illness of six days. Hid disease was cholera morbus. Young was born at Whittington, Vt., on the 1st of June, 1801, and was therefore a little over 7G years old. An examination of tho assets of tho broken State Savings Institution, of Chicago, shows the assets of the concern to be worthless to a degreo far beyond the first rough estimates. It is not likely that more than $000,000, or in the neighborhood of 20 per cent, of tho liabili ties to depositors, will be realized from all sources. Spencer, tho lYesident, and nearly all tho other oflicerB of the bank have disap peared, and their whereabouts at last accounts was unknown. Gen. Miles telegraphs tho War Department at Washington that Sitting Bull has recrossed the Canadian border, and is again on American soil, Ex-Gov. Shannon, of Kansas, is dead. Tho citizens of Osawatomie, Kan., have erected a monument to the memory of John Brown. It is announced from Salt Lake that the question of a successor to Brigham Young will be held in abeyance for some time, and that the church will bo governed by tho Twelve Apostles during the interval. The following has been received at army headquarters in Chicago : " Howard, purauing Nez Perces, has crossed to east bank of Yel lowstone, at head of Yellowstone canon, and u following trail towards east fork of Yellowstone. Lieut Daam, with one company and 100 Crows, at Borowell's bridge, below canon Sturges has moved down from Crow agency to trail on Clark's fork. Hart is moving by way of Fort C. F. Smith, and will go up Stinking Water trail toward Yellowstono park. Morritt, moving out from Brown, will go up Jones trail on Wind river. Indians last reported to bo on east f urk, half way Isjtwteu canon and Clark's fork iniue." A building on Logworth street, Cincinnati, fell, the other day, with a tremendous crash, burying a number of people in the ruins. Ono womau was killed, throe men fatally injured, and some half a dozen other perrvous badly hurt The obseauies of Brigham Young, at Salt Lake City, were remarkably common-place, considering the eminence of the man in tho community where he livod and died. Tho body was inclosed in a plain redwood coffin, and was borne to the grave by the employes of the late President The cortege was preceded by a band and followed by the family, the dif ferent orders of the priosthood and tne ad herents, all on foot Prof. Watson, of the Michigan University, has discovered another asteroid. It is de scribed as 44 a planet of the eleventh magni tude its right ascension is twenty-three hours aud ten minutes, and its declination zero de grees, forty-five minutes. ' Daily motion, retro grade fifty-five seconds of time in right ascen sion, and south one minute of aro in declina tion." Private Dalzell's reunion of ex-Fedural and ex-Confederate soldiers at Marietta, O , was at tended by several thousand volanteer soldiers of both sides in the late war, and everything Ihhhv4 oil satisfactorily to the participants in the gathering. Chief Joseph's baud are still roaming about Montana, confiscating stock and occasionally capturing a scalp. At last accounts they were in the vicinity of the Yellowstone, having burned the bridge across that stream. Gen. Howard's command was far In tho rear, with every prospect of the relative positions being maintained. Advices from Camp Robinson report that Shedding Bear's band, who have been robbing and murdering in the Black Hills, have sur rendered and promised to be good Indians hereafter. Moiitll. Mobile papers announce the death of Ad miral Semmcs, the famous Confederate cruiser. It is announced In a dispatch from Colum bia, S. C, that Indictments have been re turned by tho Grand Jury against ex-Gov. Moses, ex-Lieut Gov. G leaves, ex-Treasurers Parker and Cardozo, ex-Comptrollers Dunn and Hoge, ex-Speaker Lee, the ex-Clerks of the General Assembly Woodruff and Jones, ex-Senator Owens, and a number of others, on charges of fraud In connection with their official duties. United States Senator Patter son was also indicted for bribery. Ten blocks of buildings in the business part of tho town of Paris, Tex., were recently de stroyed by fire. Tho loss is estimated at over a million dollars. Four murderers confined in the jail at New castle, Ky , were taken out tho other night and hung by a mvb. POLITICAL POINTS. i The Iowa Democratio State Convention met at Marshalltown on the 20th of August and organized by tho election of Daniel O. Fitch as permanent Chairman. Sixty-four counties were represented by 3CJ delegates. Jolin P. Irish was nominated for Oovernor; C C. James, of Pottawattamie, for Lieutenant Gov ernor; N. E. J. Boardman, of Marshall, for Supremo Judge; and O. D. Culleson, of Wayne, for Superintendent of Public Instruction. All the nominations were made by acclamation, The platform as adopted by ' tho convention is as follows: 1. Thd Democracy of tho State of Iowa, In con vention aascmbled, hereby declare in favor of a tariff for revenue only ; honest, economic home rule ; the supremacy of civil over military power ; tho separation of church and utatc; equality of all citlaeus before the law ; opposition to the granting by the Ocueral Government of subsidies to any cor poration whatever ; aud we believe, 2. The destruction of the industry of the coun try and the pauperism of labor are the inevitable fruit of vicious laws enacted by the Republican party. 3. That, as a means of relieving tho distrensed portion of the community and removing the great stringency complained of in business circlet), we drinnd tho iuuuudlate repeal of the Hpccie Resump tion act. 4. That we denounce as an outrage upon the rights of the peoplo the enactment of the Repub lican measure demonetizing silver, and demand the paasigo of a law which shall restore to silver its monetary power. 5. That we f avor the retention of a greenback cur rency, and declare against any further contraction, and we are in favor of the substitution of green backs for national-bank bills. 6. We congratulate the country upon the accept ance by the present administration of the constitu tional and pacific policy of local ielf -government in tho States Houth so long advocated by the Demo cratic party, aud which has brought peace and har mony to that soction. and, in regard to the future financial policy, in the language of our national platform adopted in the New York Convention in 18C8, we urge, 7. Payment of the public debt of the United HUt ; as rapidly aa practicable, all money drawn frou the people by taxation, except so much as is reo'iaite for the necessities of the Government economically administered, being honestly applied to such payment when due. 8. Equal taxation of every species of property, ac cording to its value. 9. One currency for the Government and the peo ple, the laborer and the officeholder, the pensioner and the soldier, the producer and the bondholder. 10. The right of the Mate to regulato railroad corporations having bora established by the higher courts of the country, we now declare that this right must be exercised with due regard to justice. As there is no necessary antagonism between the people and these corporations, the common inter ests of both demand a speedy restoration of the former friendly relations through just legislation on the one tilde and a cheerful submishion thereto on the other. 11. The rights of capital and labor are equally sacred, and aliVe entitled to legal protection. They have no just cause of quarrel, and their proper relation to each other are adjustable by natural laws, and should not be hampered by legislative in terference. 12. That we favor the repeal of the present Pro hibitory Liquor law of this State, and the enactment of a Judicious and well-regulated License law in stead, all money derived from licenses to go to tho coiuuion-school fund of the Hut. General elections are to bo held In fourteen States this fall, as follows : Daft. Stats. To be Chon. September 5 ..... California . .... ..LcgiHlaturo. September 10 .. . Maine Gov. aud Legis. Octobers Ohio Gov. and Lcgis. Octobers Iowa ..Gov. aud Legls. November 6 Connecticut Legislature. November 6 Maryland Compi'r and Leg. November 6 MaHachnsett. ..Gov. and Legis. November 6 Minnesota Gov. end Legis. November 6.. ...Mississippi Gov. aud Legis. November 0 New Jersey Gov. and Levis. November C... New Vork Sec. HUt and Leg. November fl Pennsylvania.... Auditor General. NovrinlxT 6 Virginia Gov. aud Legis. November 6 Wisconsin Gov. and Legis. The Iowa Prohibitionists held a State Con vention at Orkaloosa last week, and nominated Hon. Elias Jessup for Governor. Steps were taken to raiso a fund to canvass the State. A Wacbington telegram states that at a meeting of the Cabinet, the other day, it was decided that A. B. Cornell, Naval Officer at New York, should be removed as soon as a sat isfactory person could bo found to fill the racancy. WASHINGTON NOTES. The following is the programme of the Presi dent's Western and Southern trip; Sept. 8 and 9 he will attend the National Encampment of Volunteer Soldiers at Marietta, Ohio; thence he will risit his home at Fremont, remaining two days; Sept. 11 goes to Dayton to attend the meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Sol diers' Home; 12ih unveils a soldiers' monu ment at the Home; 13th, returns to Fremont to participate in the reunion of his old regiment, 23d Ohio; 16th loaves for the South; 17ih, will be present at the opening of the Industrial Ex position at Loui-vdle, Ky.j 19Ui, will vb.it Nashville, Tenn,- 2oth, Chattauooga 2M, Knoxville; thence retondng to Washington through "Virginia, visiting Lynchburg, Bich mond and other prominent citlos. Washington papers "hromcle the death of E. L. Stanton, a son of Edwin M. Stanton, late Hocretary of War. . A Washington dispatch says Secretary Sher man is in favur of the Government issuing 4 per cent, savings bonds. He also favors a postal savings-bank system, like that existing in England. The reports upou the. subject of the move ments of Sitting ; Bull are so conflicting that Secretary McCrary has made op Lis mind to send a commission to meet him, wherever ho may bo found. A O. Lawrence, of Rhodo laiand, has consented to serve on the commis sion, in place of Gen. McNeill, of St. Louis, who declined the honor. The lTesident has appointed Thomas W. Hunt United States Marshal for tho Southern District of Mississippi, vice J. L. Lake, Jr., re signed ; Lewis E. Parsons, Unitod States At torney for the Northern and Middlo Districts of Alabama, vice Charles E. Mayer, removed : Samuel O. Reld, United States Marshal for the Middle and Southern Districts of Alabama, vice George Turner, removed. The public-debt statement for Sept. 1 shows a decrease in the national indebtedness during tho month of August of $.1,8J9,M8. Following are tho official figures : Six per cent, bonds $ 814.341,050 Five per rent, bonds 7OH,2tie,650 Four aud a half per cent, bonds lH5,ooo,UOO Total coin bonds $l,7M.fi07,700 Lawful money debt $ 14,000,000 Matured debt , 19,357,BfiO Iegal tenders 3AH.040 (MHJ Certificates of deposit 60,430,000 Fractional currency 1,172.114 Coin certificates , 3H,525,400 Total without interest .$ M 167,10 Total debt $2,202,132,971 ToUl interest 2f,2J.V'.4 Cash in treasury -oin $ loc.i04,9:5 Cash in tressur) currency.. Il,8i.a;i7 Currency htld lor redemption of frac tional currency j S,2C5,412 Special deposit held for redemption of certificates of deposit 50,430,000 Total in treasury 172,!i2H,H8o' Debt less rash in treasury. .. $2,055,46(,779 Decrease of dobt during August S.Htiit.Mrt Decrease since June ao 7,746,8H4.43 Don i is hunted to Pacific lUilroad Compa nies, intercut payable in lawful money; principal outstanding 64,fi2:i,M2 Iutorest accrued and not yet paid r4,2:w luterest paid by the United State 33,957,629 Interest repaid by trausporUtion of mails, etc 8,r,7,2To Balance of Uiterest paid by United '. f ": States. . j ; . - 27,21,37 A Washington dispatch announces the ap pointment of Mr.' William Henry Smith, at present General Agent of tho Western Asso ciated Press, as Collector of Customs at Chi cago, vice J. BusHell' Jonos. ' suspended. 'The resignation of tho latter was not forthcouung at the request of President Hayes, and honce tho suspension and appointment ni stated. :' The New Vork Republican Association, at Washington, has disbanded iu consequence of the President's civil-service order. Hon. J. B. MoCormick,.. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, has resigned. . MISCELLANEOUS GLEANINGS. Only twelve of the Governors of the States and Territories accepted invitations to be present at Philadelphia as tho guests of the city and the Permanent Exposition. The annual meeting o the American Associ ation for tho Advancement of Science was held at Nashvillo, Tenn., last week. Thero was a large attendance, and a number of interesting papers wero read. One huudred and fifty new members were elected. Dr. V. N. Hurlbert, of Chicago, was elected Eminent Grand Commander of the Knights Templar of tho Uuited States, at the recent conclave in Cleveland. The next triennial meeting will bo held in Chicago in 1S80. As a result of the amalgamation of the lend ing telegraph companies of the country, the tariff on all messages of ten words tx twecu the East and the West has been advanced from 25 cents to 40 cents. Brigham Young leaves a family of seventeen wives and hfty-six children (Mxteon sons and twenty-eight daughters) to mourn his -loath. Tho doath of E. L. Davenport, for many years recognized as ono of the most accom plished actors on tho American stage, occurred last week at his summer residence in Canton, Pa. Mr. Davenport was 61 years old. In the mouth of May, 1876, Hon. 8. S. Bnr dette, Commissioner of the General Land Oilice at Washington, and an ex-member of Con gress from Missouri, mysteriously disapieared. Ho was last seen at a hotel in New York, whero he had considerable money on his erson, and it was supposed he had been murdered and robbed. Tho other day ho suddenly reappeared in riedalia, M ). The unfortunate man's mind is clouded, and he is unablo to tell whero he has been or what he has been doing all these months. A niau named Wickliffe writes to tho Louis ville Courier Journal that Osman Pasha, the hero of Plevna, is not Mar-dial Bazaiuo, but that ho is Col. It. Clay Crawford, a native of Hawkins county. Tenn. He was Colonel of an artillery regiment in the rebellion; afterward served under Juarez in Mexico; then lived in retirement at a country Beat near Philadelphia; became weary of idleness and went to Egypt, and was transferred from the Bervico of the Khedivo to that of the Sultan. The story is circumstantially told, the narrator claiming to have been in correspondence with Osman for several years. In disposing of his property, Brigham Young endeavored to make an equitable, division be tween his seventet n wives, sixteen sous and twenty-eight daughters. The estate is valued at (2,01)0,000, and the will divides it so that all ths legatees will have, with such other proper ty as ho lias from time to time convened them, an equ U proportion of the old man's goods. Gold continues to tumble. The price fell last week, in the Nnw York market, to 103,Yt the lowest since tho war. fuesh nnunui'Hs. A kill is to be presented ill Congress next session to secure a pension to Lla Lewis, tho American Grace Darling, who, though still faithful to her duties as keeper of tho light, is in very bad heal tli. The Government paper-mills nt Glenn Falls, Fa., have been closed. The stock now on hand for bank-note and internal revenue purposes is so large that an ad ditional supply will not be needed for a year. The New York Sunday Mercury pub lishes a lull list of the dramatic com panies formed for tho entire country. A few good names are enlisted in each of the New Yoik theaters, but tho com panies are by no means 41 full and com plete." In this respect the West is ahead of tho East, and McVicker's The aer, Chicago, is entitled to the ribbon There is no better company formed than the one engaged for this iopultr house. The Mtrcury deserves credit for its en terprise in not only giving a full list of all the companies, but also o! all tho ' combinations " which aro to be inflict ed on the country towns as "great at tractions." They are good, bad and in differentgenerally the latter and un less the times improvo we shall henr of bad news from tho 41 dramatic combina tions." Tiik estate of tho late Brigham Youn, says a Bait Lake correspondent, is esti mated at from $(5,000,000 to $7,000,000, but it would bo difficult to place any ap proximate value upon it, as it is very widely scattered. He owns large tracts of real estate in many of tho settlement, and mills, buildings, live stock and' a great variety of improvements. He owns nearly all the stock in the street railroads in this city, and large amounts of Utah Central and Utah Southern railroad londs, is a large owner in the Deseret Bank, the DeBeret Telegraph Company, the controlling proprietor of the great Zion's Co-operative Mercantila Institution, etc. Later accounts of the famine in India present a most horrible picture of suffer ing among the natives. In Southern India, tho district most affected by tho famine, there are some 21,000,000 peo ple, of whom, according to authoritative statements, ono-sixth, or 4,000,000, must die of actual want. The distance to be traversed between this afllicted district and the productive portions of India is so great that, with the utter absence of means of transportation, except wagon teams (which cannot carry enough for their own subsistence), the task of re lieving the starving millions would be impossible. Some fearful instances of suffering in the streets of Madras aro re counted, where infants are abandoned by their mothers and left to perish by the roadside. The most horrible phase of the visitation yet made known is given in a report from tho province of Mysore, whero two cases of - cannibalism are said to have occurred. A member of the re lief committee in ' that quarter fears that this practice must, under the circum stances, become widespread. " " - Several of the I'osts of the Grand Army of the Republic have drawn up a series of resolutions embodying a plan for frontier protection very much alter the manner in which Austria, a cent ury ago, protocted herself ngaiust Turk ish invasion. The object is to guard the frontier by a cordon cf posts, garri soned by veterans of tho late war, occu pying the country as actual colonists. Tlie Government is to give each actual settler who served in' the lata war 100 acres of the public lands, furnish a saw mill and grist-mill for each district, and also establish a QuartennasterVDeport nient for tho purpose of issuing all nec essary supplies of lumber and materials to build a house and to furnish grain and vegetables for planting, with farm ing utensils and one horse aud cow to each man. The colonies ure to consist of 1,000 men in each district, divided into companies of 100 men each, who will choose their own officers, receive arms aud ammunition, transportation and subsistence in time of war, and pay for three years. At the end of this time a perfect title shall be given to all real and personal property issued to each settler. The bill is now in the hands of Secretary Schurz for examination, and will be brought up in Congress at the next session. TK.VDE AM) INDUSTRY. There aro seventy establishments in the United States devoted to tho pro duction of window glass. Ol the several States New Jersey has the largest number, twenty-seven. The Sr ringfield JicpuOlican , says tho Fall River manufacturers have been at tempting to force up tlie prices of their goods a little too fast, and, creating a reaction in consequence, have been ac cumulating heavy stocks. But they have su h faith in the future of the market that they refuse to reduce production, and soveral new mills are in progress of erection, while nearly all of them have recommenced paying dividends to their stockholders. From all reports received it seems to be an assured fact that the British har vest tli is year will be a light one, the wheat crop especially. The harvest in France is also defective, and tlie Russian fields are going to waste owing to insuf ficient hands. The German crop is look ing well. This is rather encouraging newB for us. We have this year one of tho finest crops evt r garnered, and it is estimated on the London Exchange that the importation of wheat from America will exceed last year's supply by 2,000,- 000 quarters. In spite of the recent sudden falling off in the exports of fresh meat to Eu rope, the business still survives, and gives promise of permanence. Since January 1 we have sent to English ports C9, 145, 400 pounds fresh beef, worth 0,911,590, against 19,990.895 pounds worth 81,755, 191 during tlie same period of 1870. Tho butter and cheese exports are largo. Since May 1, 0,031,353 pounds of but ter have been sent over, against 1,816, 119 the samo period of 187G, 52,GG7,743 pounds of cheese, against 13,412, 179 last year. Thr great German capital, Berlin, is going through a terrible real-estate col lapHe. For three or four years before 1873 it seemed impossible to build houses fast enough to supply tho in creasing population, or to advance prices beyond tho takers. But tho sup ply was pushed beyond the demand, prices have been so high that people went away, aud now thero are 20,000 vacant apartments in the city. There is a great deal of real estate that does not yield income enough to pay taxes, and a wide-spread distress and ruin among real-estate men who have done business on borrowed capital. The farmers are enjoying a prosperity which might well arouse the envy of all other classes. Combining in themselves tho interests of both capital and labor, uiey nave, lortunately, escaped tlie ef fects of tho recent conflicts which the antagonism of such interests has pro duced in various parts of tho country. They have tilled their fertile acres in peace, and have been bles- with an un usually abundant harvest. Their bins are bursting with the golden yield of the grain fields. Plenty sits smiling at their hearths. For the products of their acres there is an active demand. The granaries of the marts of Russia have been exhausted. The war has practically stopped Russinn agriculture. The surplus of American crnin will flnl a ready outlet thiough the channels of exportation. Prices will rulo high and farmers will be happy. BATTLE OF THE LOM. Furious and Invincible Valor of thm r. natlc.l Mohammedan. (War Cor. New York HeraU.J Your correspondent has just witnessed a victorious engagement for the Turkish arms from tho heights opposite Popkoi, on tho river Lorn. The battle com menced in the morning with a forward movement of tho Turkish divisions of Med j id Pasha, who commanded the Turkish right, and Fnad Pasha and Sabid Pasha, whose divisions formed the center and left The advance by tlie forces under Medjid was made in gallant style, the men taking open order and skirmishing as they ncared the Russian position. The advance was well covered by the guns of the Turks, who took ad vantage of the frequent elevations of the country to rush their batteries forward to points where they could not only ma terially help the infantry but make hot work for the Russian batteries on the heights beyond. On VJi sides tho ar tillery practico was excellent. Medjul and his men pushed their way to the vil lage of Karahassankoi, where the signal to charge was given, and with a rush they wero over the Russian intrenchments on the hill. The slaughter was terrible on the Turkish side during this port of the en gagement, but the men stood it nobly. The Russians, who at first met the in coming rush of the Turks with great bravery, wero soon forced to yield. They wero driven precipitately down tne heights commanding the valley of the Lorn with great loss. Meanwhile Sabid Pasha attacked tho Caschilsler, a lofty hill Crowned by a throe-gun Russian battery. It required a very brilliant dash to carry this difficult position, but it, was successfully accomplished, the nns silenced ami captured,; and the Russians killed or driven back f u head long "haste. The attack, indeed, had been successful at all points and the troops shouted "A'laht" "Allah!" with a fiery enthusiasm that told of theiri elation. A general advance was now or dered, ond in a short time the bridge uii ) uiu xjuiu wan iriuuitu, nun 1. T . I. .l 1 l. bank The villages on that side which wero held by tho Russians wero soon captured and were shortly after seen to bo in flames. Tho Russians now evacu ated Popkoi. As might bo expected, this victory has created the wildest enthusiasm throughout tho whole army 1 . uesinicuve Morni in cum. Advices from South America report that Valparaiso and Santiugo have suf fered from fearful rains ond great inun dations, with loss of life and property; other ports of the republic have also suffered from the unusually heavy rains. In Valparaiso the rain fell heavily for thirty hours consecutively, more than enough to produce a general inundation, ond convert the streets into navigable canals. According to tlie rain gauge the total fall of rain during thirty-six hours was between five and six inches. The otherwise dry and sandy ravines were converted into veritable rivers, and the rush of water was so terrific that the sewers were unable to withstand the pressure and burst ia every direction. Tho water flowing through tho streets found its way into the cellars and lower Etories of tho houses and warehouses, in flicting incalculable damage and loss on their inmates and owners. Many bridges have boen injured and some have been entirely destroyed. Thero have also been several landslips, and the loose earth finding its way into the sewers further impeded the passage of tlie water and materially assisted in forcing in out of its natural channels. Many houses wero injured through the same cause, and several wero completely demolished, involving tho death of thcir unfortunate inmates. All communication was interrupted between Valparaiso and Santiago, as tho lino in many places was inundated and t.thcrwiso injured. Street traffic was al so temporarily suspended. In Santiago and other parts of the country the rains havrt been equally severe, and of course the extent of tho damage in equal pro portion. noN. T. C. Platt has been to the Black Hills, and thinks that justice has not been done them as a gold-producing country. Ho ventures the prediction that from $0,000,000 to $8,000,000 in gold will be taken out this year. THE MARKETS. NEW YORK. Hkkvks $ft 50 (SI 2 CO Hons S CO (Mo K5 Cotton n njt' Flou b HuiKTflne Westrni 4 HO m 4 H5 Wheat No. 3 1 33 1 40 Corn WoHtcrn Mixed &A (4 68; Oats Mixed 3'j (, 4t Rye Western M w C7;w' Pome New Mess 13 00 il3 lo' Lakd $ 0 CHICAGO. Reeves Choice Graded HU-ers 5 80 ( f. 2" Choico Natives 5 35 t 5 7i Cows and Hcifera 2 60 (.v. 3 75 (ood Scoonrt-class Steers. 3 75 (rf. 4 1" ' Mdimu to Fair 4 50 6 10 Hoos Live 4 75 W 6 45 Flocb Fancy Whito Winter 0 75 7 Oft Good to Choke Hiring i. t W ( 0 25 Wheat No. 2 HriiiK 1 10 1 1'J No. 3 Hriug 1 (Xi (4 1 07 Corn No. 2 4J (. 44 Oats No. 2 24 m 25 Rye No. 2 61 (. 55 IWrley No. 2 M m 07 Rctter Choice Creaiuc ry 23 ; 25 Eos Fretth U 12'; I'ORK-MettH 12 35 (a"!2 45 La HI) fciM jm; MILWAUKEE. Wheat No. 1 1 14 a 1 16 No. 2 1 05 (4 1 o Corn No. 2 4 J 43 Oats No. 2 23 4 24 Ryu No. 1 64 ( 55 ItAHLEY No. 2 06 (j4 67 sr. Louis. Wheat No. 7 Red Fall 1 25 c 1 27 Corn No. a Mixed 40 (4 41 Oats No. 2 25 (4 2l Rye 61 63 Pork Mess 12 70 (13 M Lard 8 9' Hoos 4 76 4 5 20 Cattle 4 00 & S 75 CINCINNATI. Wheat Red 1 13 Corn 47 (4 Oats M Rye 64 4 M Pork Meas 12 76 (.U 00 Lard 8,V4 TOLEDO. Wheat No. 2 Red WlnWr 1 29 (4 1 31 No. 1 White Michigan 1 32 (4 1 34 Corn 48 (4 40 Oats No. 2 24 $ 2H DETROIT. Flocb Choice White Winter M 4 .... Wheat No. 1 1 1 ( 1 83 V Corn Mixed . 4Vjc4 49,v Oath Mixed 2S 4 Rarlet (per cental) 1 19 04 1 40 Fobs Mem H WU 65 EAST LIBERTY, PA. Cattle IWt W Q 6 25 Moriiuru to Good A 00 a 6 75 Common to Fair 4 00 4 75 Hoos.: 4 00 5 CO Hmkep W t o