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IDE LITTLE II OY I DREAMED ABOUT.
BT MBS. S, M. B. MATT. This Is the only world I know It U In this same world, no doubt, Ah ma I but I could lor Lira so, If I could only nnd him out The little boy I dreamed about I This little boy who never UVes The prettiest orange he can sre, The reddest apple, sil the cakes (Wnen there are twice enough for three) Where can the darling ever be ? B does not tease and storm and pent To climb the roof In rain or sun, And pull the pigeon's feathers out To ee how It will look with none, Or fight the hornet one to one I Ji does not hide, and cut bis balr, And wind the Hatches wrong, and cry To throw the kitten down the stair, To see how often It can die (It's strange that you can wonder why !) JJe never wakes too late to know A bird is singing war his bed; II tells the tired morn : " You may go To sleep yourself lie never said, When told to do a thing, " Tell Fred !" U I say " go,n he will not stay To lone a hat or break a toy ; Then hurry like the wind away, And whlhtle like the winjj for joy, To please himself this little boy. Let any stranger come who can, lie will not say if it i true Old lady " (or " old gentleman " I wish you would go home, I do : I think my ciainixia wants you to !" Mo, fairy land is fur and dim ; lie dot-i not play in sliver sand ; But if I could believe in him I could believe in fairy land, Because you do not understand. Dead T Dead ? Bomehow, I do not know, The sweetest children die. We may MIhs some poor foot-print from the snow, That was his very own to-day " Ood's will " is what the Christians say. Like you, or you, or you can bo. When you are Rood he looks, no doubt. I'd give the goldeneet star 1 see Iu all the dark to find him out The little boy I dreamed about. A LUCKY TUMBLE. "When. Mrs. onatcuam asKOd me asked " knowing my usual kindness," whether I would watch the baby in her cradle, "just for half an hour," I felt that a crisis had come. I must leave Mrs. Snatchnm's. I say Mrs. Snaicham's, for Mr. fJnatcham was not unduly prominent in ins own house, lie was a xneek man, with tearful eyes. Mrs. Snatcham was well, a woman with a will, and she had eyes which made you feel uncom fortablo. I had been privato tutor in this abode for twelve months. My charge consisted of four young gentlemen of strong bodies and perverse dispositions. They quarreled incessantly on all points nave one. Against their lawless tutor they combined heartily. Their cry was over " War to the knife !" I had borne it all; I might have continued to bear it all, but no, I could not take charge of tho baby, even for half an hour. I must bid tho Snatchams adieu. I was gloomily cogitating my next movement when a letter arrived for me from the only near relative I possessed an old uncle, to whom I had written detailing my troubles. "Look here, Harry, "it ran, "if you've a mind to live in peace asd die worth money, you forget all about vour Latin and Greek and such things. Fine things tney are, l dare say, but I never saw that they turned into much beef or mut ton. You put your books in the fire and jour pride in your pocket, and. never take it out again. You know what I was in early life, nephew. I kept a shop a general shop in a country town, and I didn't do so badly. Well, I've just heard tho good will and stock in trade of a shop of this kind in a little town fifty miles from London is for sale, and, say the word, and I'll buy it for you. And, as your education has been so neglected that you'd know nothing of such a business, I'll come and steer you aright for a timo, until fortune is before you. There nowl" Humph I I gave a gasp or two at this grand proposition of my worthy rela tive. Private tutorship at the Snatch ama was poor enough, but tho keeping of "a shop of all sorts ." in a oountrv town, under the guidance of my good uncle ! Well, it was the old story, " Wo never know what we may come to." And so I left the Snatchams and the 20 a year they gave me (by-theby, I believe my successor received only 18 J 1 5? 1 A - 1 1 i .1 guineas, uuu uiu not oDjeci to mind the baby), and wrote to my uncle that I was ready to accompany him to the the aaop. .Alas, for tho vanity of human .designs ! News came back that my rel ative had died suddenly, and had left tho whole of his property to the " Sau- . sago-makers' Benevolent Institution, "of which he had been a Vice President, in - company (to his great delight) with half a dozen nobles of tho land. However, all tho money needful on ray account had been paid, and rather Vban return to tho horrors of private tu torship I secured tho services of an ex perienced shojman, and determined to try my fortune in tho new direction so lauded by my deceased relative. I do not want to lengthen my story, and therefore I will comprise a great deal in ono short sentence I tried and I f ailed. I soon began to perceive, not so very far ofT, not the fortune my uncle had foretold, but bankruptcy and the work Louse. And when these pleasant pros pects came very distinctly to my mental vision, then it was I engaged to marry ! Thus it happened. I became attached to the only daughter of a widow, living some ten miles from my abode. It was a speedy acquaintance and a quick ac oeptance by the young lady, but some Low the mother, without actually ob jecting, would not sgroe, and I pressed Miss Lucy for the reason. " I have told you, you are going to starvation," I said. My place is a failure, and in a month we shall be in the workhouse; the prospects are clear and charming, and you are quite satis fied. What is it then that troubles your ;mamma?" "Well." answered Lucv. "it is very jf foolish of mamma to conceal from you something which you evidently don't Tmow, though I wonder at your ignor ( i ice. It is your your establishment" " Shop, we generally call it, Lucy; tu how do " ,rX "n't you know it's haunted ?" " Cryinot say I do, and I don't care if it is." " But, if I am to live with you there, I care vwj much. They say that, for weral nj.hts after bis death, old Jenks, the formt! owner, was seen in his shop in a grout nightcap and with a large carving knife." "A mofl formidable and disagreeable sort of ghost, I must say ; but how have yu heard this ?" "Ah! there's the rocrot, although I cannot imagine how the story of mam ma's former connection with old Mr. Jenks has not oomo to your ears. Now, listen to me. But first solemnly promise you will not repeat what I am about to tell you. There, hold your tongue, and don't interrupt me. You are so fond of hearing yourself talk. Men are so much given that way, I've told you half tho truth, and that is more than you deserve. Well, the other half, which you might so easily have known if you had not been so stupid, runs thus : My mamma and Mr. Jenks were, formerly, near neighbors, and Mr. Jenks fell violently in love with mamma and offered her marriage, and mamma refused him and Mr. Jenks went mad, and one day he presented a pistol to his head and " Good gracious !" "Would have killed himself, but somebody knocked him down, and the pistol went off, and mamma was stand ing close by, and " "Mercy on me I" "Was nearly killed with fright. Then, when Mr. Jenks came to his senses, ho was so sorry, and though he couldn't have mamma (for she married papa, and he lived many years) yet he made a will in mamma's favor, leaving her everything. He told mamma so positively ono day when he was poorly, taking some gruel. Then he died; but though search was made, high and low, no will could be found, and a rich old heir-at-law came in for everything. And there's the reason mamma cannot bear that place. An J, please, what is to be done i It was a curious story, and I had not heard a word of it before. And as to what was to be done, that was a puzzle, 1 could move, of course, but where to and with what prospects of doing better. and where were the costs of removal to come from ? So I said I must argue the point with Mrs. Barton, and this I did and, having overcome her scruples, it was agreed the marriage should take place at once, and that we should all live together and face the ghost, if need be and, which were of much more import ance, the diihculties of the situation. And so Lucy and I were married, and of course, were suDremelv hamv. and it was not until three writs had been served upon and four lawyers' letters been sent me, and the gas company had cut off the gas, and the landlord given me notice to quit, that witli just a little feeling of apprehension we began to consider what next. One night, after rather a loner confer ence on the state of affairs, when Lucy had apparently fallen into a deep sleep, I roused up suddenly, fancying I heard a sound below. V try gently rising so as not to wake my wife I left the room and looked down the stairs into the shop. A little light entered through some aper tures at the top of the shutters, and to my astonishment and alarm I saw a fig ure in white behind the counter, in the act, as it seemed, of opening ono of the canisters. Was it Mr. Jenks ghost? The light was insufficient to show me more than the bare outline of the figure and tne slight movement of the arms. 1-1- - 1 fit. ... IV - 1 - watched with rather a beating heart. confess, for a minute, and then I thought i i . ... mai ueiore seeding closer quarters with what might be an apparition, but which much more probably was a burglar in his shirt-sleeves, I would don some gar ments ; so. refraininpr from coiner back into tho bedroom and friehtenincr niv wife, I went to an upper room and pro cured some there. Then I again de scended, and the figure was gone. I went into the shop all in order. So. much marveling, I went to bed. hen next morning I told the story my companions were scared. "Let us go let us go out of the un lucky place, "said my wife, passionately. Whatever tneio is, Harry, sell it at an alarming sacrifice,' and then you must get a Secretaryship under Government, or a J udgeship in the colonies, or some thing of that kind. Mamma's sixth cousin's husband is is well, I forgot what he is, but there's some connection or other between him and a member of Parliament, and he must do something for you, that's what it comes to. So now. please, we'll go as soon as possi ble." It was painful, but it was necessary, to explain to my dear young wife that the powers of her mamma's distinguished relative, even should he be willing to exert them, were probably limited. Lucy would not believe it And the letter was written and was not answered. Well, now for the workhouse. And upon my word I do think something dreadful would have occurred, but A few nights on again that sound. "Lucy," I said, gently, but she did not rouse, and I thought perhaps I had bet ter not disturb her. It was quite dark as I very quietly dressed, in part, and stepped out on to the stairs. Again, a little light of the very early morning coming through the shutters revealed faintly a white figure behind the counter in the shop, its arm waving to and fro and its head bending over as though speaking to a customer. I strained my eyes, but nothing more could I make out than that the liead of the figure was white. " It must be the veritable Jenks." I said to myself; " and that is his night cap, wnere is tne carving-knife, though?" One would have thought the appari tion heard me, for it moved aside, took up something and waved it in the air. It was my shop carving-knife. Presently the figure rose and began to ascend the stairs. It was a hard matter to stand my ground, but I did, and then I saw before me Lucy, my wife I She was walking in her sleep. Fearing to wake her, I stood aside to let her pass, and my foot slipped and I fell heavily to the bottom of the stairs. Directly all was confusion. Mrs. Bar ton, tho shopman and our small servant ran out of their bedrooms, and Lucy, awaking, shrieked and fainted. But I was the worst off. So heavy had been my fall that I had actually broken in the flooring at the foot of the staircase, and it was with some difficulty that they ex tricated me. Putting my hands behind me, to assist myself, they touched what seemed to be a small leather bag. I drew it forth. "A money bag, I declare, and full of coins I" The shopman and tho small maid bad retreated, having respect f or the proprie- ties, but my wife and her mother looked on with astonishment "Sure enough, money," I continued, jingling the contents of the bag. "Why, there must have been soma secret re ceptacle there, where my venerable predecessor kept his valuables. Here is a paper. Good gra What in the world is this f " They bent over my shoulder as by the light of a solitary candle I read the in dorsement" The Will of Simon Jenks." It was not in any cover, so we read it at once. It was very short, and was rough ly drawn and written, as though the form had been copied. But it was duly witnessed and was perfectly intelligible. The testator bequeathed all his prop erty to Lucy Barton. When we had drawn breath " A very lucky tumble," I said, " and my bruises are cured already." The will was proved under 20,000. CasacWs Magazine. Judge Lynch in Alabama. Nothing has been talked of here since Friday but the foul assassination of George Shoenberger, a butcher, and one of our most prominent citizens, by two negroes named lien iivans and Eph Hall, instigated by Miko White, a white man, and also a butcher. Peo ple came in from every direction in droves. By noon the streets of Hunts ville, and especially in the neighborhood of the jail, were literally packed. All was expectation and anxiety. Thou sands of eyes were turned down Merid ianville road, in momentary expectation oi tne small army known to be comincr. Tho excitement was no n of tho most in tense character. At 1:30 the people shouted, " They come I" This allusion was made to a large body of horsemen, armeii with uoumh-barreled shot-aiins. They observed perfect order, and formed around the jail. Thero were hundreds of them. Tho thousands of citizens and countrymen thronging the streets gave place to the horssinen. A demand was made for the keys, but they could not ue lound, nor tne Shenil. Armed with sledge-hammers and crowbars, the mob broke through the fence intj the jail yard, and then into tho cells occupied by the trembling murderers, who were led out, bound, mounted on a wagon and taken down Spring branch, half a mile away, followed by the multitude. Hopes were tied to tho limb of a tree and adjusted about their necks. The negroes reiterated the same tale they nad nrst told, but Mike White main tained his innocence. In the minds of the people not a shadow of doubt exist ed as to his guilt The condemned men were asked if they had anything to say. White said he had nothing, except that he was innocent and ready to meet his God. Evans said: " I know I have to die. We were all in it. Hall shot the guu, and 1 shot the pistol. Turning to white. Evans said: "See. Mr. White, what you have brought me to." Hall said : "I've nothing to say more than what I've already stated." Just before swinging off, White said : " God be with my wife I" They were asked if they would like to be prayed for. White said "No," but the negroes requested the Rev. Mr. Gordon to pray for them, which he did. The wagon was driven from under them at 2:50, and tho trio pronounced dead at 3:15 and their bodies cut down. Huntsville (Ala.) Cor. Chi cago Tribune, Unpleasant .Memories. In the executive session of the Senate there was an interesting discussion over the nomination of McNeil for Indian Inspector. McNeil was a General in tho Union service during the war, and was in command in the disturbed dis tricts of Missouri. When his case came up for action, a Southern Senator charged that he had wantonly hung ten men. It appears that the men belonged to ono of the guerrilla bands which roamed over Missouri during tho war. Senator Butler, of South Carolina, rose and objected to raking up the dead is sues oi tne past, lie said mat this oc currence had taken place sixteen years ago; that, whether Gen. McNeil had been right or wrong, he did not wish to discuss that. So far as he was concerned. he should do nothing to revive tho un pleasant memories of tho civil war, and that nominations and all other questions which came before the Senate should be judged and acted upon without any reference to what took place during tho ar. Gen. Gordon took the 6ame ground as Gen. Butler. He said that he, too, had gone through the war iu the military service of the South, but that now he wished to keep in everlasting sleep all the bitterness of feeling and of section engendered by that strife. Senator Armstrong, of Missouri, said that, during the war, the antagonism be tween the Union men and the Southern sympathizers in Missouri was unrelent ing, deep-seated and irreconcilable, and Missouri was, to a great extent, literally a hell ; but that was all past now, and he, too, deprecated any attempt to re call or perpetuate the recollections of those dark days. These speeches produced a marked impression upon the Senate, and result ed in McNeil's confirmation. Washing ton Cor, Chicago Tribune, The European Situation. England to Russia Now, after all, we don't want to fight, do we ? llussia Well, fighting is ugly busi ness anyhow. I've just got through one tussle, and England Yes. Wo might get hurt, mightn't we ? Kussia Yes; one of us might England How beautiful is peace and good will. Russia Yes. Angels do be peaceful, don't they? England Yes. You didn't mean all you said, did you ? Russia No. I was pretty mad then. But you used some pretty hard words. England Yes; maybo I did. But let's be friends anyhow. Germany Yaw, boysh; dat ish goot. Zschake hands unt ton't be shooting mit guns. Ef you zhoots I zhoots mit mine too. I'ov, drei lager. Nelson and Wellington (looking down on this from the battlements of Nelson) Well, if they ain't backing down and taking water all around. Wellington No, it's their frothy beer. Poor, thin stuff. If they used the port of our day we'd seen tho claret tapped before this. New York Graphic. SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD Emphatic Condemnation of Sub sidies. The Thirty-Second Parallel ltoad Can be Constructed Without Pledging the Public Credit. The Texas and Pacific Railroad. Synopsis of the Minority Report. Tho P&oifio Railroad Committer of the House having by a vote of seven to nix agreed to re port th Texaa-raciflo bill favorably two or more of the seven expresiting their desire to amend it, or defeat it on the floor the minor ity members, Messrs. Morrison, Landers, Lut- trell, Blair, Rice and Hewitt, have stated their views in a report of which the following are Uftt material portions : We are unable to concur in the views of the majority of the committee, but det-ire the adop tion by Congress of such measures a will se cure the early construction of a trans-continental railroad for the special use and develop ment of the Southern and Southwestern States and Territories. We believe that this import ant object can be accomplished without subsidy from the Government and submit the following views and the accompanying bill for me coBsiuerauon oi tne House : THE FBE8XNT CONDITION OF THIBOC1HIBN LIN. The Texas and Taciflo Railway Company, a corporation of the State of Texas, in the year 18 u was auuionzea bv Congress to construct its road and telegraph from Marshall, in East ern Texas, along and near the thirty-second parallel of north latitude through that State and the Territories of New Mexico and Arizona to San Diego, a small city on the Pacific coant, on tho bay of tho same name, supposed to ba well adapted to commercial purposes, and Hav ing a population of 4,000 to 5.000 people. The distance from Marshall to San I)ieeo is esti mated at 1,574 miles by the authorities of the Texas and Tacino Company, while those of tho Southern Pacific Company believe it to be about 1U() miles greater. Falling to meet these provision, the Tex&a and Taclflc Company hM obtained by construction and puri-nae and has now la operation 413 miles of road, which inclose a parallelogram in Northeaateru Texan, having a bane of 183 miles, extending from MarHball to Fort Worth, now the western teriuinui or the road, which only is a part or tne trunk Hue. The remainder of the 443 milea la ao located as to secure the more caluable lands granted by the Htato of Texas, probably becaune the pecuniary embar rassments of the company were such that its credit was based Chiefly upon the granted lands. There Is thus remaining of the trunk line between Fort Worth and Hun Diego a distance of 1,491 miles npen which uotnlDg nas been done. Of the ten years allowed by the charter within which to complete this great wrk only four re main, and a counlderable portion of one of these must elapse before the enactment of the desired legislation is possible. Slx-tentha of the time has been consumed In the construction of less than one-eighth of the truuk line, and that at the East erly terminus, In clone connection with the great middle system of roads and the central belt of States, rather than with the Southern system of roads and the Southern states, The corporation has fa len thus far short of the performance of It undertaking, although It re ceived from the State of Texas the munificent grant of the alternate sections of land for forty miles In width along each side of Its line, or eighty miles In all, through the State of Texas, and the same from the united Mates tnrongh the Terri tories and in California, contingent upon Its com pliance with the conditions of the grant. THE BU1IKIDT nf.KIHKD MOltK THAN THK nOAP. The credit of the Texas and Pacific Company was serious. y impaired Derore the panic of and under its influence nas null further declined. It admits its pecuniary inability, and osMigns that as a reason for its failure to comply with the condi tions imposed upon It by law. In 1873 it applied to Conrres for a subsidy of over $tR).000,0(jO, In addition to its laud grant of 21,. e-M.OOU acres in Texas, and 18,000,000 In the Terri tories, ocing a money subsidy or twice the nroba- um cost oi Duuding ana equipping its road. The application failed. It now changes the form rather than the substance of its request, and asks for a guaranty of lnteret on $i",000 a mile for the easier and JIO.OH) for the heavier portions of the roaa, amounting in au to IJ8.UW.WU at 0 per cent. annually for flity years. 7 he bonds of the Government bearinir 4WTter rout, m wroav nave recently Deen sold at par in re funding the national debt. If the public faith hi aept ana us credit unimpaired, the time is not re mote whn the Government will be able to effect loans at the rates of 3 aud 3 per cent., as now paid by England. The difference between the interest on these 6-per-cent. Texas and Pacific bonds for nrty years and the ordinary rates which the Gov ernment will have to pay on the name amount for the same time, if invested as it misht be bv the Government for the payment of Its own debt, would amount to much more than the cost of the road, so so that the Government would be far better off to build the road and give it to the Tsxaa and I'aciAc C'juipauy outright than to guarantee the interest on us 3-per-cent. liltj-year bonds, according to its re quest. The total amount of interest guaranteed fcv tho Government would, if paid into a sinking fund, amount to more than $7iM),0O0,ooo in fifty years, and wo are caueu upon to guarantee the payment of this sum in additiou to the proceeds of the land grant iu oruer to enauio me lexas ana raciao Company to complete its road. We are opposed to all pecuniary subsidies and guarantees by the Government in whatever form for the benefit of railroads at this time, however desir able their construction. In time of peace private capital seeking profitable investment will generally promote commercial development quite as fast as is connisteut with safety and penuauent prosperity. If the men in charge of a meritorioua enterprise command the confidence of capitalists, or even the too easily-won trust of the middle classes, there is no need of calling upon the nation for subsidies or guarantees. TB SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD. a no Douiurro raciuo nanroad company is a cor poration of the State of California. This corporation has constructed its road to Fort x uma, on tne easterly bank of the Colorado river, in the southwesterly corner of the Territory of uu, wmcu i uiauns to oe tne authorized point of connection with the Texas aud Pacific read. distance of about 110 niilea. Its track baa been laid through and over extraordinary natural obstacw. at the expense of tbout $t(J,lJOO,o)0, and the 330 miles of its Honthern portion passes through a des ert, and for 164 miles nearest the Colorado without an oaiis. This rod, built to preserve the charter, is of little valuo eicept for its anticipated connec tions with the Southern States, from which, owing to the failure of the Texas and Pacific Company to compiy wun me requisitions oi law, it is now more than 1,200 miles distant. The road is already there, with Its millions of money invested over a sandy waste, upon the good faith of the Government that the Texas and Pacific road should be constructed so as to meet it at the Colorado river ; or, In the event of the failure of that corporation so to do, that Congress should take such measures as should enable it to connect with the Southern States of the Union. position or TH SOUTHERN PACIFIC) COMPANY. The Southern Paciflo railroad, by force of the ab solute necessity of its securing Eastern connections as soon as peeeioie, in order to preserve Its capital, la the only party which has both the power and the disposition to bnild this road. .f. . . IU nuo vompanyintenoseiiio oppo sition to the guarantee asked by the Texas and Pa- cino east oi tne kio Grande: but, contemplating the contingency of the denial of guarantee of bonds to ?91P na r514 Company, and the consequent total collapse of Us undertaking, strongly insisted that Justice required that they should tint k hli in check awaiting the result of continued applications by the Texas and Paciflo Company for the money or credit of the nation with which to perform what the Southern Paciflo was ready to ao at onos for the land grant alone. To this bill the Texas and tmotfl nmn.. w Jected. The only argument entitled to weight. In onr opinion, was that the Southern Paciflo, connect ing with the ocean at San Francisco, and, having intimate business relations with the Central Paciflo railroad, might enter Into combinationa uh i..t Sr.l? !3ln't ?ubb0 lDtrt, and that the advantages oi competition, and of an occasional wuukwu i oma Aiego, would then be lost. COMPETITION AND COMBINATION. Ws believe that any competition between rival par- allel lines of railroad for the same business, which results in a lose to the oomDanlee. la inn tn mnA in one of two waya, either In a combination by which the pubuc wiu lose far more than It has ever gained from competition, or. on the other hand, in the i-n. lnous rutting of rate persisted in nntu tha k corporation la ruined, the publio Is left to the rapac ity of the survivor. There hi no real protection to the public but In the enforcement of the law of the land. Competition which takes from anroore. tions Just compensation la quite as ruinous as eom- uuiauuu wmcu gives uiera too much. No on can believe that the Texas and Paciflo Cora pauy would, after constructing iu Una t the Parian ocean, long compete with any rival to Ite own loes or even so as to produce any reduction of rates be low the maximum to which the public would sub mit; or that It would fail to repair its losses or In crease Ite gains whenever an opportunity might of fer. Ws repeat that nothing bat the law. and ths enforcement of the law by the Oovernment, can protect the publlo against the love of gain which Is Inherent to human nature. The truth la recognized by the bill of the Texas and Pacific Company reported by the majority of the committee, and stringent provisions are therein made to hold that corporation within the bounds of Justloe and law; vety unusual safeguards being provided for in oontridtration of the fact that the Government itself is really required by the bill to furnish the means necessary to build the road and give to the projectors an additional bonus of $iH),ooo,00. lleatrlcttous and conditions in a char ter can be enforced by the machinery of the law against one corporation as well as another. WILL THB SOUTHXBN PACIFIC OOIf PANT BUILD THE ROAD? We submit that It will work great wrong to the Southern Pacific Hall road Corporation, to the great South and Southwest, and to the whole country, to reject this bill aud to enact the bill recommended by the majority of the comm.ttee in the interest of the Texas aud PaHflo Company, or to reject this bill under any circumstances. This measure does not antagonize, sor did the Southern Pacific rail road antagonize before na any railroad project, branch, or connection eaal of the Klo Grande. It simply asks to build 0uo miles of railroad, half way from the Colorado to Fort Worth, the present westerly terminus of the Texas and Pacific Com pany, and ninety additional miles iu California, to complete the San Diego connection, without any publio aid and subject to all reasonable restrictions la Cb publie Interest. True, it desires the laud grant, but we do not recommend it, becaase we be lieve that this corporation will build the rpad with out. Should the representatives of that portion of the country chiefly to be benefited, not by the subsidy, but by the road, defeat this measure, It is difficult for us to see how they can reasonably smect the rest of the country to consent to burden the tax payer and embarase our policy with the moat dan gerous precedent, which would exhaust the treasury with hundreds of subsidies throughout the unlimit ed ruiure ox tne nation. It would seem Impossible for any man to Justify himself to his constituency and to his country at large In a course which depletes the treasury when all that is desired is attainable without expense to the people. VIEWS OP KESR. LCTTBXLL AND BLAIR. Both the act and Its amendments required as a condition precedent that the work should be proae cuted simultaneously from the eastern and western termini. By the act of 1873 there were required to be completed not less than fOO miles vu the main line in Texas and not less than 110 miles In Califor ula by May J, 1878, whereas, In fact, leas than 200 miles of the main line have been completed westerly from the Marshall terminus in Texas, and not one mile or even a foot, from San Diego easterly. There has been a marked failure on the part of the com pany to comply with the terms on which the lauds and franchises were granted. Thin contingency of failure was, by the caution of Congress, foreseen and provided for in both seta, a proviso that " Upon failure to so complete it, congress may adopt such measures as it may deem necessary and proper to secure its speedy completion. In this attitude ox aiieirs it represents that would be a great hardship to be compelled to watt indefinitely upon a disabled company for a connect ing road from tha taut, and asks of us the privilege of continuing its road eastward through the Tern tories to the Kio Grande and as much farther as might be necessary to meet the Texas roads within six years. Such Is the desire for an outlet to the East, which shall admit it to participation In through overland trade, that It offers that, if its request be granted to construct a line to San Diego harbor In addition to Its present ocean termini, and to prorate on through business with all i-astern connections to San Francisco or other pointa, and to allow C n- gress to impose the ratea and fares on the line be tween its Eastern and Western termini at Paciflo ports, although asking no aid of the United States which it Is not its advantage for Congress to grant. This is rather more than It is within the power of the other company to offer. No good and satisfac tory reason is found why this proposition should not be promptly and cheerfully accepted. PROM A BUSINESS STANDPOINT. Two propoeitions are before us looking to that end. One of them, the Texas and Paciflo, seeks to retain Us land grant from the United States, amounting to 18,000.000 acres, to obtain two years' additional time, and a special and extraordinary grant or tne credit or the nation In the orm of an indorsement upon $38,730,000 of the company's bonds, pledging it to the payment of 0 per cent, gold Interest for fifty years. The other, the Southern Pacific, asks only our sanction to continue Us road eastward across the Territories within the same time, but without any other or further assistance than ihe continuous grant of lands now at the disposal of Congress. men or these two propoeitions as guardians of the publio Interest can we adopt 7 Which of these two candidates, as practical business men, ought we to intrust with this undertaking ? We should elect the proposition most favorable to the cnivt of the people, ft wonld seem that by the charter the grant or land along the thirty-second parallel line in the Territories was made double that of the clo- neer line by the forty-first parallel, as if in lieu of future aid in money or credit. Were we administering our own private business could we for a moment hesitate between these of fers, one of which, besides being undeserved favor. involves grave responsibilities, dangerous precedent and great risks, whilo the other avoids all commit ments, all doubtful policy, and insures all its prof, fered benefits within the same time without the rick of a dollar of the people's money or credit? We conceive we are not here as the almoners of the bounty of the Oovernment to ite citizens or corpora tions, but as guardians of the public welfare and trustees of ite property and credit of the natioD, worn to obey the constitution and protect the best interests cf the people, and in this view we cannot concur in the report of the majority, whk-h tiro- poses to grant a subsidy or guaranty of f :W,73),000 of the people's money or credit to a corporation. ANTI-BUBfUDY TIEWS OP MB. MORRISON. The Texas and Pacific Railroad Comoanv aeek ti obtain the guarantee of the United Sta'es for the payment of the interest on 138.730.000 of flftv-vear 0 per cent, bonds, to be issued by said railroad oom- psny, and used by it in building and extending its railroad from Fort Worth, in Texas, to the Paciflo ocean at San Diego, in California. The road to be constructed is 1,400 miles in length; the bonds to be issued amount to 117.678 per mile; and the interest guaranteed to be paid by the United States, used as a sinking fnnd, and Invested in Government bonds bearing the same rate of interest, would nay 1300.- 00,000 of the public debt. POWER OP CONORKSS DOCDTFCL. Has Congress the power to authorize the coveted guarantee? If it has. then bower has been con ferred upon Congress to make gifts of the public moneys and public property to private corDomtions and individuals, lias any such power been granted by the constitution, or Is it necessary to the execu tion of any power that It Is granted? inis railroad, when built, will be the private property of the shareholders. It will be a luiiitarv uu jimi-rou in uie same sense, ana to the same extent, and none other, that all other railroads of the country over which the Government mav trans port Us malls, troops or supplies for reasonable compensation, are military aud post-roads. It is submitted that the power has not been conferred upon Congress to make ihe United States a party in auca an enterprise Dy BUDscriptlon to its capital stock ; or more, to authorize the construction of the road ot of the resources of the people to be uiauo gui u tne raiiroaa company. The attempt to derive such power, the nnwr in build and give away a railroad from the power to tetallUh millttry and Post roads. Is. in the onlnion of ths undersigned, an attempt to prevent the ob vious purpose or a power intended for the public ood to private ends. Ths United States are lound to provide fur the general defense, but tt does not follow that they may construct or operate a railroad for the exclusive benefit of a private cor poration, necause they may ultimately aud In some possible contingency want to use It for a military ixii pose, any more than thevmavs-o Into nartner. ship with a stock raiser because horses are neces sary in war. The United States have power to reg- States, but it does not follow that thev mav lndoraa uio ireurn commerce ana commerce between the the notes of a shipbuilder or merchant by wav of tlmulatlng and encouraging businena. The un. ueratgned is unable to perceive any distinction in principle between these cases and the demand of the projectors of this railroad for a loan of the Gov- ernment cedit to the extent of many millions, with wuwu to prosecute private speculation. DANOEB OP SUBSIDIES. Ths railroad company which asks for this en ormous appropriation of credit presents no claim upon me public wnicn entities it to exemption tmiu tne general rule, ins enterprise is eeeen- tiauy a private one, and the company has already received from the United Rtata an. I tha flt nt Texas a auffloient basis of credit to have built the road, had Its assets been prudently managed. a he undersigned i not unmindful of ths fact at a later period a different rule of construction prevailed from that which In the earlier days of ths republic, and which is now hers Insisted upon. and unrestrained never will be hon Undelegated power Is necessarily unregulated Power usurped never was and honestly administered. But it Is submitted that this belief affords no sufficient Justification for the guarantee and sub. idy asked. For were rt tendered, as it is not, that this enterprise is essentially of the Sauthern char. acter with which It Is attempted to be stampe d, no reason can be built upon that fact which may not be urged with equal force as a reason wbv the Gov. ernment should equalize between the lately contend ing sections all the losses resulting from "our un fortunate civil disturbances." becobo or the democratic pabtt. Ths statement of the tualorlty that the Govern ment of the United States, In view of the quantity of lands given to It by tbe Southern States, has been nnjust to the South in the bestowal of bounties, la believed to find IU refutation In the character of the men who before the war represented that sec tion. They were too sensitive as to the rights of their section to be satisfied with lees than was right fully theirs. The undersigned Is not advised as to how the Texas and Paciflo Railroad Comnanv an. quired ths franchise and right of way by which it is authorised to construct Its railroad from Fort I Worth to El Paso, In ths Stale cf Texas, whether by grant from the State of Texae or by purchase from, or consolidation with, ths Memptia, El Paso and Paciflo Railroad Company, nndef tbe fourta sec tion of ths act of March , 1871, entitled, "An act to incorporate ths Tssaa Paciflo Bail road Company, and to asd In ths construction of Its road for other PYnthe"cae of Tsvts vs. Oray, 1 Wallace, page 903, United States Supreme Court decided that tac Memphis, El Paso and Paciflo was a surviving cor poration, with all Us property in possession, and all its faculties unimpaired. This franchise and right of way the company propose to m.rtgsge to Indemnify the Government for Us guarantee. It becomes a material fact, therefore, to know if it was ever acquired In either of the modea suggested, or otherwise, and whether it has been forfeited cr lost with ths Texas land grant. Tbe uadersinned expresses no opinion upon this question, which was not considered by the committee, but submiU that due regard for the interests of the Govern ment demands that before any guarantee la made, baaed in part on a mortgage of the said franchise and right of the way, the House should be Informed and advised as to ths title to what Is proposed to be mortgaged. WIT AM) I1UM0K. Matteks of interest Conpoae, Flouii seeds Kernels of wheat. A riohtino book The dictionary. SnLii life Manufacturing whisky. A sigj? of spring i To let." Still waters run for 15 cents a glass. A full May sure Thirty -one days. Can a growing red nose be called beak-coming ? The croquet expert : This maiden all for lawn. The best perfumery is not scent from Cologne. 18 the always Now is the time to put your hens under londs with a coop on. It is to be hoped it will be " Hew and cry" with the timber thieves. If homes chewed tobacco there would be more horse-spittles than there are at present. "When a man has no bills against him he feels as though he belonged to the nobility. England may be mistress of the Cs," but she has never yet been able to fairly master the lis. How doth the little frog pipe up Hit sad and tuneful lay ; And from each swamp ad hidden bog, He yelleth, " What d'ye soy?" Bterstadt, the artist, once proposed to Dr. Mary Walker. He proposed that she get out of his studio, and she agreed. It cost $177,414.74 to supply our troops with tobacco last year. Ux. But it was not enough to give them a pipe o' peace. Ph iladctyhia Bulletin. A fervant girl, writing a letter, asked her master if the next month had come in yet; he laughed. "Well," said she, "what I mean is, has the last month gone out yet ?" Ghace Greenwood was standing in a Washington horse-car, when a sudden start of the car threw her over into a gentleman's lap, when she said, I beg ardon. sir ; but you see I am a Lap ander." Ax old black woman, reciting her speerunce," said she had been to heaven. "Did you see any of decol ored ladies dar ?" asked a young sister. " Oh, you get out ; you s'pose I weat in de kitchen when I was dar?" A reckless individual propounds this: "What is the difference between the present excitement in England and a push-cart?" Answer: "One is "war feeling " and the other is " for wheel ing. A pnysician says ins recovery is very doubtful. Dentist (to the old lady alxmt pur chasing some false teeth) "For masti cation, my dear madam, they can only be surpassed by nature herself." Old lady " O, laws, doctor ! I don't care nothing about the mastication if I cau only chaw with 'em." CRUMBS FROM THE BREAKFAST TAJ1LE. A "nobby" thing in boots corns. Did you ever see a town that hadn't the best brass band in the State. Even Jo Cook cannot explain why a chicken always prefers to be on tho other side of the fence from a tramp. Y hen the poet sang of something that was " strong without hands, he proba bly referred to butter. A good deal of abuse is being show ered upon the dollar, but it will never get lonesome for the want of friends buzzard or no buzzard. Forty-seven thousand Canadians have gone to Europe with the expectation of getting to be sutlers in the Eastern war. Peter Cooper is not obliged to have his old clothes dyed and renovated. He has 810.000.000 laid bv for damp weather. Which would you rather : Go to Wheeling, in Virginia, to Reading or Eaton, in Pennsylvania, to Warren, in Ohio, or to Diggin, in California ? Dr. Gleason says the surest, quickest and best means of stopping nose-bleed is a vigorous motion of the jaws. So, so, ah ! That accounts for the complaint being almost exclusively confined to the whiskered sex. Political economy strikes a snag that won't budge sometimes. The bulk of a loaf of bread indicates with unerring precision the condition of the times, but the size of a tobacco quid never varies. The talking machine is all very well in its way, but will Mr. Edison allow old Father Time to jump into the next oent ury without making an effort to send along a beefsteak-pounder that will make future generations rise up and call him a bully boy ? The Moffett punch may helD a little. to be sure, but, if Congress will only en act that original poetry shall be recog nized as a legal tender at 10 cents ter stanza, this office will assume the nation al debt and move into a marble bnildintr at once. The printers on the Philadelrhia In quirer set up the "Night before Christ mas" twenty years ago, and every year since. Exchange. That is nothing. We have a friend who sat nn avppt nicht in the year twenty years ago, and has every year since. He is a night-editor. Tha Famine In India. There are still nrmard of 2S0.00O people on Government rHpf in India. either emrdoved on nnhlin works or being fed in canons nnd nnAnitals. and the prospects of anv sraadT decline of distress are getting more remote as the season advances. PracticAllT the ef fects of famine will nrcss on the Govern ment resources for at least another year. whu regard to the area of existing dis tress in Southern India, certain parts of ne ii vsore state are undoubtedly the worst of all, r r