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FRIDAY, JUNE 14, 1878. .
Montana complains of grasshoppers, Taut there are no feigns of serious trouble from the scourge elsowLero in the West as yet. Titk recently-published story about the rending of Bald mountain in North Caiolina is pronounced pure fiction a lie out of a -whole mountain. Ttk Irishmen of Pittsburgh and vicin ity are raising funds to employ counsel for the defense of the five Grannahans and two Ilaggertys, whose trial for the murder of Lord Leitrim in the County Donegal, Ireland, begins at Dublin, July 25. i The hotel business is growing hazard ous in Washington. Recently the furni ture of Willard'a Ilotel, which cost near ly a quarter of a million a short time ago, was sold under the hammer, bring ing only a small percentage of its origi nal cost. The trade in American beef and mut ton has rapidly grown in Eengland. A few years ago it was sold at a heavy dis count under English stock. Now it is eagerly sought. Our trade iu beef and mutton this year "will amount to over $8,000,000. In the State of Rhode Island a foreign born citizen cannot vote unless he owns property to the amount of $131, though if his wife owns that much it will do as well The Supreme Court, in a recent decision, declares a man can vote on his wife's property. Dubino the first ten months of the current fiscal year the total exports from the United States were $620,2G5,20G; total imports, $391,356,251; excess of -exports over imports, $228,908,955. , For the corresponding period last year : Total exports, $550,091,501; total im ports, $39G,51C,o22; excess of exports over imports, $153,575,179; increase of export balance this year, $75,333,776. Quite a " bonanza " for this country. A New York doctor has a daughter, now 22 years old, whose head is that of a pig, though she is perfectly formed otherwise, is thoroughly educated, and is a pure, true woman. Her mother died in giving her birth, and the daughter has cultivated art in all its forms, being also very religious. She goes out in a closed carriage with her head muffled, and speaks without trouble, though her voice resembles the squeaking of a pig. The hoax of the Cardiff Giant, accord ing to the Popular Science Monthly, was the outgrowth of a heated argument between George Hull, a Binghamton to bacconist, and the Rev. Mr. Turle, re garding the former existence of giants. The clergyman argued that the Bible gave affirmative proof. Hull retorted that people T?ere gullible about anything in support of which scripture could be quoted, and that idej suggested the fraud that subsequently became notori ous. .. lie, Tns son of the late Speaker Kerr says his father died absolutely without money. There was not a dollar. His account with the Sergeant-at-Arms was over drawn, ho having used the advance to pay local bills around New Albany. Ili g life wa3 insured, and the family's first application of that money was to settle his account with Congress. The people of New Albany and throughout the dis trict he represented always believed that he was rich, and that he had hidden or invested funds. Melissa Smith, the pretty daughter of the lighthouse-keeper at Hatteras island, on the cruel Carolina coast, recently met a sad, strange death. About to retire, after parting from .the betrothed she was to wed in a few days, she had thrown open her door to get the sea breeze. Her pillow fell from her hand, and, in trying to catch it, she fell, striking the iron steps, down which she plunged screaming, into the sea, and was carried out by the surf as her father came to the door. ,A great invasion of kangaroos re cently occurred in various settled .parts of Australia, especially Queensland, the animals being, no doubt, driven from the interior by the drought and its effects in search of food. They came in thou sands, devouring everything in the shape of herbs or grain, so that the shcepand cattle were often reduced to dry leaves for fodder. The colonists promptly met the attack, in somo places driving the lcangaroos into an inclosure and shoot ing them. In one battue more than 4f006 kangaroos were killed in four days. Massachusetts papers state that there are plenty of farms in Worcester county which can be obtained for less money than it would cost to transport a family to Kansas or Nebraska and settle them there In the rudest dwelling, moro prim itive than any farmer in Massachusetts has occupied since the colonial days The same is true of many farms in Maine, New Hampshire and other East ern States, which their owners are anx ions to dispose of at a great sacrifice in order that they may fall in line and "go West" Sinck Edison invented the telephone and phonograph he has more orders for new inventions than he can attend to. One party wants him to invent a bone less shad ; another asks him to turn his attention to a gas-meter that won't lie always in favor of the company; a third desires a pocket-book that will always contain a dollar or two; and while he is about it he might as well infuse some of his inventive genius into a flight of stairs that won't creak like all possessed when a man sneaks into the house at night Carefully- prepared statistics show that there are ever 600,000 drunkards in the United States, and that 70,000 die annually who go to the grave of a drunkard. Every year 100,000 men and women are sent to prison under tho influence of intoxication, while 300 mur ders and 400 suicides occur from the same cause. Two Hundred thousand orphans are annually thrown upon the charity of the world by this curse of in temperance. Nine-tenths of our crime and not less than seven-eighths of the pauperism are the immediate results of whisky, and that at a cost to the Gov ernment, besides individual want, of not less than $GO,000,000 every year. The terrible sufferings of a Tenth Cav alry company on the Staked Plain of Tex as, through thirst, are described by Sur geon King. They were four days with out water, and the weather was intensely hot. Their predicament was caused by the death of their guide, leaving them to wander by themselves until a spring was finally found. Their mouths be came so dry that brown sugar would not melt in them. Their voices grew weak and strange, and their sight dim, and when asleep they dreamed of banqueting. A sense of suffocation was extremely painful. They drank water greedily, but it did not quonch their thirst which shows, the Surgeon thinks, that the sense of thirst resides not in the stom ach, but in the general system, and, in this case, could not be relieved until the remote tissues were supplied. If the English and the Russians in their Asiatic quarrels should ever get the Chinese stirred up and started on the war path there is no telling when or where or in what numbers these copper colored Orientals would settle down again. There are 300,000,000 of them, swarming on the land and water of the Chinese empire, and waiting, as some ethnologists believe, for a fine day to overrun Europe as other Asiatics have done before. Just now, in the north eastern provinces, they are dying by the million; according to the official figures of Minister Seward 15,000,000 are actual ly in the clutches of famine, while 60,- 000,000 others are suffering more or less from lack of sufficient food supply. This is nearly twice the total population of the United States rather a big crowd of people to be starving at one time. After all travelers have had to say about the Chinese internal-improvement sys tem, it is rather queer to read that this distress is due rather to lack of trans portation facilities in the stricken dis tricts than to a scarcity of food in the surrounding regions. A Pennsylvania named Isaac John son, of the village of Port Penn, has had, according to the local gazettes, an eventtul career, and inherited a fortune after he had lost several and completely given up the struggle of life. When a boy of 10 he stole a wash-tub, launched it upon the Delaware, got into it, floated down the river into the bay, and was picked up by a bark which carried him to Vera Cruz. Thence he made his way to the City of Mexico, where he was adopted by a rich merchant, Don Hidal go Hernandez, given a liberal education, and, finally, a partnership. Having be come a purtisan of Maximilian, he grew so odious to tho people that he was ob liged to fly to Texas. At the outset of the civil war he entered the Confederate army, serving as aide to Albert Sydney Johnston. After its cessation, he re turned North,went into the manufacture of shoes in Philadelphia, and flourished for awhile, but was eventually ruined by the dishonesty of his partners. Broken in spirit and estate, he went back to his village home to die a pauper. Recently he received notice that proper ty to the value of $200,000, most of it in Government bonds, had "been left him by Don Hidalgo, and ho is naturally re joiced thereat The moral of this is ob ous. Steal a wash-tub early never mind the size or shape and wealth shall come to you unexpectedly after you have lost your last cent Capt. Catesby Jones, formerly com mander of the famous Confederate ram Merrimac, was killed in Selma, Ala., last summer by J. A. Harral, a neigh bor. The fatal dispute arose out of a quarrel between their children, and the excitement over the result was intense. Mr. narral was lately put on trial for murder, but has just been acquitted on the ground of self-defense. THE TOUNU FOLKS. Ilaba's foes. O, the tiny, curled-up treaaurta, J nut m cute m cute can be ! Come and help me count them, Mtdgle, While the baby benda to aee ; Peejia demurely over dainty Skirta, drawn up to dimpled kneea. IIy, my lady Lily I whoee two llolj-poly feet are theae? Bee the darllnn'e round-eyed wonder Doea aha really know they're heraT Now the reachea down to feel them, While new triumph In her atlra. Crow your All, my little lady ! 7hoe are your own cunning toee, Round, and eoft, and fat, and funny, Aud hw many T Madgie knowa ! Call thein Ury.buda to pleaae her, Madge aaya they are too pink, Bar ten ronea In two poelea I llather roee-bude, don t you think ? Come, wee toca, lie still be covered ; You've cut capera quite enough : If vou don t, we'll klaa and put you Each one In a paper ruff. How Callata Went to Churoh. I am going to tell you a truo story of something that occurred about thirty yen uko, uway out in lowa. When Calista Moore was 6 years old, she was about as full of fun and mischief as any little girl need be. At that time her eldest sister came home, after a long ab sence, one nau oeen away in Cincin nati, at her uncle's, but now she was go ing to be married, so she came back to her old home, with a trunk packed full of beautiful new clothes. Little Calista's eager, expectant eyes danced with delight as the carriage drove up, and she capered about all the evening, with the new doll and picture book sister Jennie brought her pressed rapturously to her bosom. When at last she was carried off to bed, she struggled a little, but the sight of the great unopened trunk in the hall awed her into silence. " What's in it?" she whispered to her sister Mollie. "Lots of nice things, I guess, and sister Jennie's new clothes." This was enough to set Calista's imagination going, and all night long she dreamed of the most wonderful chests, all full of the loveliest toys, and beautiful dresses of every size and color. Iu the morning when she came down stairs, the mysteri ous trunk had disappeared from sight, but not from mind. "Jennie." she said, timidly, "last night when I went to bed, I saw the beautifulest trunk in the hall, and now it isn't anywhere. Where have they tooken it to?" 1 ."Let mesee," said Jennie. "I believe they carried it up-stairs, and put it in the front chamber." " What's in it, Jennie ?" she persisted. with a soft, cai easing motion of her plump little hands. " Nothing for curious little girls." said her sister; "only some clothes. which you shall see some day, if you are a good girl, and don t ask too many questions." During the days which followed, there was many a long conference with closod doors in the front chamber, from whioh Calista was excluded. And the wonder grew and grew in the child's mind until she lived in a world of mystery. At last. one Sunday it happened that all the household went to church, leaving Ca lista alone with Nora, the house-maid. But Nora was busy in the kitchen, and the child went roaming about the he use at her own sweet will. " There can't be any harm," she said to herself, as she mounted the stairs, 'm just going into the front chamber, and looking at the trunk. I'm sure no body would care if I should do that." So she opened the door and stepped in side. Never before had the company room, as she called it, looked so solemn and magnificent as then, with its high post bedstead, and closely-drawn cur tains. She tiptoed softl up to the trunk, and stood for some time, spelling out her sister's name on the cover, J-e-n-n-i-e M-o-o-r-e. " That sounds pretty, she said to herself. "I wonder if I shall have a trunk with my name on it when I get big ? I wonder what is inside i It couldn't be the leastest bit of harm to look. '. Any way, sister Jennie said I snouia see someume, anu j. migut jam as well now, as to wait until I am old." She tried to lift the lid, but it wouldn't come. It was locked. She knelt down by the side, and uttered a little excla mation of triumph. The key was in the lock. Her right hand shook so when she took hold of the key that she had to take both hands to turn it Then she raised the lid and peeped in. In the sub dued light she could not see plainly, but she passed her chubby .hands over some soft, sheeny fabric. ' Then she gathered it up into her arms, and carried it to the window. " Pretty," she sail, and held it up to her round cheek. And a pretty thing it was truly. A dove-colored brocade silk wedding dress. But Calista did not know this. If she had known that her sister was going to be married, and that these were her wedding clothes, I dare say she would never have done the thing she did do that day, and this story would never have been written. She laid the shining dress down in a chair and went back to her explorations. The next article she came to was a white crape shawl, with long silk fringe, and heavily embroidered. This she carried to the window, and held close to her face and patted ap provingly, murmuring "pretty." She deposited it by the side of the dress, and returned to the truuk, from whose mys terious depths she fished up a dove-col ored silk parasol, lined with white, and a bandbox, which, being opened, dis played to her delighted gaze the daint iest of wedding bonnets, all dove-color and white, with the very sweetest pink and white artificials. Little cries of delight escaped her, as she lifted it out and turned it over and over in her hands. "I'll put it on," she said. So she carried it to the mirror, and adjusted it on her head. Then she shook out the long folds of the silk brocade and put it on, and hooked it over her print frock. Then, spreading the white shawl on the floor, and folding it neatly from corner to corner, she drew it up about her shoulders, and, with the parasol in one hand and the dress gathered up over the other arm, she left the chamber and carefully made her way down stairs. She had a little fear that Nora would see her as she left the house. But no, the way was clear, and the street deserted, She passed slowly down the graveled walk and out at the gate. Once she caught her foot in the abundant skirt flnd tripped a little, but the sidewalk was clean and no damage was done. The beautiful parasol was held direct ly over her head, and she walked straight to the nearest church (she knew that the family had gone to one more distant). What a queer little figure it was that passed up the broad aisle to the wide- eved astonishment of the congregation. But O, the troublesome parasol J She could not close it with one hand, and she dared not let go of the loner skirt with the other, for fear she should tiip and fall Poor little Calista 1 The glory of wearing fine clothes was not unmixed with bitterness that day. The lovely dove-oolored parasol seemed to shut cut all the sunshine of her young life, as she marched up the aisle with it straight over her head. Every eye was fixed up on her. Some smiled. One little boy giggled right out, and even the minister looked amused. But when at last the dreadful parasol was down, and he saw the little scarlet face, and the blue ejes brimming with tears, amusemen t ch an (red to pity, and he at once gave out the hymn, which set every one to finding the page. Then the organ sounded, and the whole church rose to piDg, and Calista's painful embarrassment began to grow less. Before the hymn was finished, she began to feel quite at home and almost happy, for she lovd music dearly. Then came the long prayer, then an other hvmn. and at last the sermon. It was when the minister was beginning his "thirdly" that a sudden anxiety seized her. , What if her parents and the girls should come home and find her gone ! Could she face the congregation again, and go out as she had come in ? Yes, it must be done. For a long time she wriggled and twisted on tho seat, trvinR to pet her courage up to the necessary pitch. At last, with a desperate "I will" be tween hor teeth, she clutched the ob noxious parasol and sprung out of her seat, down the aisle, and through the door, and in a moment was out upon the street again. Then how she ran 1 When she reached the gate, the door and win dows stood invitingly closed, so she knew the others had not returned. She ran in and shut the door behind her : then up the stairs in a trice, and in an other moment was safe in the friendly, somoer light or the great front chamber. Nora had been sound afleep and never missed the little girl. Very quiet was Calista all the rest of that eventful day. After dinner she went out under a lare maple and thought it all over. Should she tell mamma and sister Jen nie? She thought she should feel a great deal better if they only knew. But how should she tell them ? Some times her mind was fully made up that she would confess all, but then a naughty little voice would say. " Don't you do it They need never know, and you didn t do any real harm anyway." For hours the poor little soul was tem pest-tossed between right and wrong. until she could bear it no longer, and, set ing Jennie walking alone among the shrubbery, she ran to her, and, be fore her courage had time to give way, stammered out the story of her morning's pranks. Was Jennie an gry T les. at first, when she thought of her beautiful wedding garments, which she had guarded so sacredly, out on publio parade. Then she thought of the odd figure her mite of a sister must have presented with trailing skirts and parasol, and she laughed until she cried. Then she tried to look sober, but made a mistake and laughed again and again, until she was obliged to run into the house for fear the passers-by would hear her. Of course her father, mother and sisters came to ask what it was all about; and such a laugh as they had ! But to Calista it was no matter. She had suffered too much at churoh that day. Anna II. Diron, in New York Tribune, Terrible Tragedy iu Virginia. Tho community in the neighborhood of Tazewell Court House is in a great state of excitement over a remarkable and shocking tragedy that was enacted last night. In the woods, two miles from that place, is a small frame cottage occupied for a number of years by Mrs. Rebecca Baldwin, an old widow lady, who lived in a state of solitude. It was generally known that she possessed a little fortune in the shape of gold coin. The neighbors have often remarked that old Aunt Becky, as she was called, would some night bo murdered for her money, and such has come to pass. This morning early, a friend dropped in to call, when a sickening sight met his eye. Mrs. Baldwin lay on the floor, weltering in blood. Life was almost gone, but she was still able to speak. In tho same room on the floor lay two ded men who had beer killed, and ly ing around were two bloody clubs, a bloody ax, and a bloody knife. The old lady was able, in broken sentences, to give the following statement : Yesterday at noon, three strange men, whom she supposed to be tramps, culled and asked her to change $10. She com plied with tho request, and in doing so she displayed a good deal of money. At night, about 9 o'clock, after she had re tired, her door was broken in, and one of the same party that had been there during the day rushed in. She jumped out of her bed, and in her excitement threw a large bag of gold into the fire. The man stooped to jerk it out, and as he stooped Mrs. Baldwin, like a plucky heroine, seized an ax. which she always kept at the head of the bed. and let the robber have a blow on the back of the head, and she did not stop until she had killed him. Then another man with a club ran in to the rescue of his comrade, and the old lady struck him in the head with the ax. They had quite a combat, but she succeeded in killing him. While she was administering the last blow, the third man, who, it is supposed, had been left outside as a guard, rushed in and stabbed her with a dirk, and, thinking she was dead, he fled. Mrs. Baldwin recognized all the rob bers as the same tramps that had visited her to get the money changed. They had been larking around the neighbor hood several days. The old lady died this afternoon. Wythcvillc (Va.) Cor. Cincinnati Enquirer, WILMA31 THE FIRST. TIm Ke tire meet of the Aged Eaiperor of Ocrmany, Af tor having passed the span of years allotted to man, and after a term of twenty-one years spent as Regent and King of Prussia and Emperor of Ger many, says the Chicago Tribune, Will iam I., lying in his palace and suffering from the wounds of a cowardly assassin, retires from the cares and duties of the throne, and appoints as Regent his son, the Crown Prince Frederick William Nicholas Charles, or "Unser Fritz," as the Germans familiarly call him. The old Emperor has had an eventful life. Ho was born March 22, 1797, son of Frederick William IIL and Queen Louisa, and as a boy marched with the allies into Paris after the overthrow of Napoleon. Coming into manhood as a soldier, he has always remained one, never giving up his uniform, and always sleeping under his military blankets upon a rude iron couch. When his brother, Frederick William rV., ascend ed tho throne in 1840, he was recognized as the heir apparent His military pre dilections gave rise to the idea that he was an absolutist, and so general was this idea that, in the uprising of 1848, he had to leave the country. After an absence of a few months he returned, put down the republican insurrection, and subsequently held several impor tant military positions. In 1857, his brother, being incapacitated by illness, he assumed his functions, and the next year was formally installed as Recent, succeeding as King of Prussia in 1861. 1 From that ti me until 1870 he accom plished a great work in giving Ger many her present military strength and prestige. He reorganized the army as his first step. He made Bismarck Minister of Foreign Affairs in 18G2; se cured ochleswig and Lauenburg in the Schleswig-Holstein war; in 1866, ex tinguished Austria as a German power, and added Schleswig-Holstein, nanover, Hesse-Cassel, Nassau, and Frankfort to Prussia, and established the North-German Confederation; and in 1867 made Bismarck Chancellor. The candidature of the Spanish throne in 1870 precipitated war between France and Germany. The South German States joined the North ern, and the war was marked by a suc cession of brilliant victories achieved by the German armies, with which he re mained from the firing of the first shot to the final surrender of Napoleon at Sedan. On the 18th of January, 1871, at hu military headquarters at Ver sailles, by the request of the German states, he was crowned Emperor of Ger many, and his first proclamation incor porated Alsace and Lorraine in the em pire. Since that time he has cemented still stronger tho friendship of Germany with Russia, Austria, and Italy, and carried on a prolonged and severe con test with the Roman heirarchy during the Pontificate of Pius IX. The Emperor has but one daughter. the Princess Louisa, born in 1838, and married in 1856 to the Grand Duke Frederick of Baden; and one son, Prince Frederick William Nicholas Charles, in whose favor he has retired. The Crown Prince, now Regent, was born in 1831, and graduated from the University of Konigsberg. In 1858 he married Vic toria Adelaide, the Princess Royal of Great Britain, by whom he has had six children. Like his father, ho i3 a great soldier, and has performed distinguished service in two important wars. JAPAN. Aaaaaalnatlon of an Imperial Minister. Late advices from Yokohama, Japan, embrace particulars of the cruel assassi nation of Okubo Toshimitsi, senior Im perial Councillor, and Minister of the Home Department. He was attacked by six men while riding from his residence to the palace, at 8 o'clock, a. m. His murderers selected an unfrequented part of the route, cut down the horses, killed the driver, and slaughtered their victim as he sprung from the carriage. The body was frightfully Titilated, the face and neck covered with wounds, and one hand cut off. The assassins immedi ately proceeded to the palace and gave themselves up. Tht-y proved to be fanat ical followers of the late rebel Saigo, al though not from his part of the country. Two of them wrote letters and sent them to the newspaper before setting out, de claring their reasons. They say Okubo was selfish and tyrannical, preferring despotism to liberty, overriding the law at pleasure, was arbitrary and proud, wasted public money, excluded patriots from a share in the Government, thus exciting rebellion, failed to sustain the dignity of the empire toward other na tions, and, therefore, they killed him. A seventh accomplice surrendered himself the following day. It is not believed any further extension of the conspiracy exists. Okubo was the foremost mem ber of the Cabinet for nany years, and was next in rank to the two Ministers known as Dal Jin. He was the principal mover in the great reforms of modern times. His loss is severe, though fortu nately not irreparable. His colleague, Okuma, Minister of Finance, is recog nized as not less sagacious, energetic, and progressive. Into his hands the leadership of the Government now falls. The Emperor has invested Okubo with the posthumous title of U. Dal Jin, one of the three officers nearest the throne, and augmented his rank. The funeral took place May 17, attended by an enor mous concourse, including all foreign officials. Okubo was a little over 40 years old. He was originally of moder ately good birtht and distinguished him self by reformj in his native province of Satsmna. He secretly assisted the youth of that region to travel abroad and study, while yet forbidden by law and usage. Of this early party were almost all the Japanese now representing their country diplomatically at foreign capitals. After the war of the restoration he came rapidly to the front in cifil affairs, al ways maintaining his prominence, visited America and Earope in 1872, under Iwa kura. ne will be succeeded as Minister of the Home Department by Ito niro bume, hitherto Minister of Publio Works. The Bender Family Once More. By telegraph wa learn that the Bender family, who received such an unenviable notoriety for a number of murders com mitted by them in Kansas a few years ago, were seen at Grand Fass, Oregon, yefterday morning, traveling in this di rection. They were seen by parties who arrived here from the Eastern States not long since, and who claim to have known them at their old home. A large re ward for their capture was offered at the time of their escape, but it has been gen erally believed that they were killed some time ago while trying to avoid ar rest Sheriff Manning is in pursuit Jacksonville (Oa.) Sentinel. SlttliULlll ROMANCE. Troth Stranger Than fiction. We published a few days since, says the Troy Times, the story of the court ship and marriage of Lieut. Philip Reade, of the regular army, and Minme Murand, of Topeka, Kan., and the sub sequent death of the bride in Europe, whither she had been sent by her husband to complete her musical education, and especially to cultivate the possibilities of her wonderful voice. The Lieutenant had been so fortunate as to save the life of his bride from the assault of an en raged bull, which he dispatched with a well-directed shot from his pistol The young lady and her mother were very poor, and subsisted upon the small sal ary she obtained as a church singer. The adventure with the bull, a frugal supper in the little cottage of the girl's mother, a sight of Minnie's pretty face and the ravishing sweetness of her voice, settled the Lieutenant's fate. He laid his hand, his heart and fortune at her feet. These were accepted. It was agreed between them that the bride should go to Europe and study music. while the Lieutenant remained at home and pursued his soldier's duty. They were married, and from the altar the young wife went direct to the steamer and set out for her long voyage. Placing herself under the best masters, she made rapid progress in her studies, and iu a little while the husband was repaid for the sacrifice he had made by hearing wonderful account1 of his wife s success as a lyric singer. She remained abroad five years, when, her education having been completed, the husband left his distant post iu Arizona to go to Paris and accompany her home. On the way a copy of the New York Herald fell into his hands; it contained an account of her sudden death in the French capital. We need not dwell upon his anguish. In due time the remains of his young wife arrived, and lovingly and reverently they were laid away in the tomb at her old Topeka home. All this is as strange as fiction itself. But what follows is still stranger, and once more shows how events in real life eclipse the most start ling and tragic incidents invented by the romancer. From certain reports that the Lieutenant received from friends in Europe the extraordinary tale im pressed him that his wife was still alive and well, and was living in Paris with an actor of the most distinguished character as a roue. So fast did these stories cross the ocean that at last he determined to have the body exhumed and the coffin opened, which had not been done on ita arrival in consequence of the ad vanned stage of decomposition of the corpse. Then was it found that instead of his wife's body being in the coffin it was that of an old woman about 60 years of age, with the square jaws and unmis takable features of the lower Basque provinces. Extraordinary pains have been taken to keep these facts quiet and from the press, but now they aro com mon talk among a small circle, and are discussed as forming one of the most ro mantic episodes that have ever occurred in this or any other country. Lieut Reade is now in San Diego, Cal., in charge of the telegraph construction party of the signal service. DESTRUCTIVE INSECTS. Prof. Rlley'a lie port on the Locuet Ilia no. reau at Work to Save 8150,000,000 Loat Annually by Inaects. Washington Cor. New York Trlbune.l Prof. Riley, the Government Ento mologist recently appointed to the Agri cultural Department, is engaged on tne last pages of his report as Chief of the Entomological Commission appointed last year by Congress to make special investigations concerning the Colorado locust" The brief paper upon the sub ject read by the professor before the Academy of Sciences, which recently met in this city, attracted an attention which gives proof of the interest of the forthcoming report The Entomological Bureau has existed in name for the last fifteen years, but, until the present time, it has contributed very little to our knowledge of insects. The law establishing it has been practi cally a dead letter. It is now proposed by the department to make this bureau one of the most active and useful if pos sible. Since his recent installment in the of fice of Government Entomologist, Prof. Riley has begun work with the view of securing large and immediate practical results for the benefit of agriculture throughout the United States. One of the chief functions of his bureau will be the investigation of the habits of insects injurious to all sorts of crops, and of the remedies against them. It is estimated that the annual loss to agriculture in the United States, from destructive insects, is not less than $150,000,000. Specimens of these insects are const intly being sent to the department from every part of the country, with requests for directions for their destruction. Prof. Riley asserts that in every instance, if a proper inves tigation could be made, an effectual remedy of extermination might be found. One of the most recent of these requests is from an Iowa farmer culti vating an orchard of several thousand apple trees, which he says have been rendered non-productive for several years past by the ravages of a worm. The specimen sent to the department is that of a worm entirely new to science and demanding, for the interests of Western fruit growers, immediate investigation. The loss from the ravages of the cotton worm alone in the Southern States has sometimes amounted to $20,000,000 in a single fortnight Until the present ses sion of Congress no adequate steps had been taken for the investigation and eradication of this pest It is asserted now that the $5,000 recently appropriat ed for the employment of a special ento mologist for this purpose would have leen much more advantageously ex pended by the Bureau of Entomology itself, inasmuch as the appropriation will bo almost entirely consumed by the salary of the entomologist, leaving next to nothing for the cost of experiments. Under the care of the Eutomological Bureau, the Department of Agriculture is at present feeding several thousand French and Japanese silk worms.