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FllIDAY, AI'ltIL 0. 1883.
NEWS CONDENSED. . EASTERN. The Vermont Central railway litiga tion, which has been In the courts for thirty years, ended by the decrees of foreclosure being withdrawn. The company will now be reorganized. Mr. Dukes, the slayer of Dr. Nutt, was served with a notice by citizens of Uniontown, Pa,, that he must leave the city within twenty-four hours. Mr. Dukes paid no attention to the warning', although he kept his room. The report Is current at Uniontown that Dr. Xutt's eldest 6on and daughter (the latter the subject of the con troversy which occasioned her father's death) are watching for an opportunity to kill Dukes. George W. Conkling, Jr., who killed William II. Haverstick, his lister's paramour. In New York last week, has been discharged from custody, the court deciding that Conkling acted in self-defense, E. O. Weichman & Co., jobbers of woolens, of New York, have failed, with lia bilities amounting to SSOU.UOO. A Pittsburgh lirm has received a large order from India for a heavy quality of barbed wire. The order states the wire is to be used for confining elephants, lions, tigers, wul other large animals. N. L. Dukes sent a letter to the Speaker of the Pennsylvania House, request ing that hi seat be declared vacant, in which the members promptly concurred. The Delaware Legislature lias passed a bill increasing the fine on unlicensed drum mers from other States, and adds a clause punishing officers who arrest salesmen and accept a bribe for their release. James Bennett died at Ilousatonic, Mats., aged 101. He was a native of Kew stock, England, and came to this country in lSU He was an intimate friend of Sidney Dilloa Engineer Hosier, whoso negligence caused the death of (leorgc I. Thillips by a railroad collision at Charlemont, Mass., Sept iy, has been found guilty of manslaughter. Salmi Morse produced his "Passion riay" at New York before a great audience. Some scenes in the drama met with un equivocal approval, but certain portions of the dialogue were tediously dull The chair manufactory of Harwood Brothers, of Leominster, Mass., was des troyed by fire. Loss $100,lM; insurance S7.", 000. Seventy-live hands are thrown out of employment A tow of thirty-seven coal barges broke from their moorings at Pittsburgh, Pa., and were swept rapidly down the river, colliding with several steamers, one of which was sunk, and a number of other barges, which also sunk. The damage done is esti mated at S50.0OU WESTERN. Two colored men. Henry lloss and Henry Depugh were found at Iloeky Fork, six miles north of Alton, I1L, murdered, with their heads shattered and brains protruding, having been slaughtered with a shot-gun while asleep. They lived in a house alone. There is no clew to the murderers, Six corpses were removed from the Diamond mine, near Uraidwood, 111. , on the 1st inst, making thirty-five recovered up to that date. The bodies brought out of the death-pit were identified as being Ike Pearson, John Pearson, James Pear son, Thomas llogers, Hugh Ilamsey and Andy Fulton. They were not Identi fied by their features, ns they were unrecognizable. Wives, brothers, siters and mothers were frantic over the unsightly appearance of the bodies. The exploring party that brought the bodies out were stu pefied with whisky and quinine. This was on account of the terrible stench that arose from the decomposed bodies. Another ex ploring party was to have gone down on the evening of the 1st inst., but they refused to re-enter the mine, on account of the peril ous nature of the undertaking. An Arizona dispatch reports that Capt Dougherty, who is scouting the coun try between Dragoon Summit and Sulphur Valley, Arizona, ha.s orders from Gen. Crook to take no hostile Indians prisoner. The Shakspeare guards, of Shakspeare, N. M , were in close pursuit of the depredating Apaches, who had been obliged to abandon their horses and plunder and take to the mountains on foot Capt Thompson, with a detachment of the Fourth cavalry, was to follow the Indians into Mexico if necees sary. Six of the crew of the tow-boat Polar Star, plying between Cairo and St Imis, lost their lives by the explosion of one of the boilers when opposite Uelmont, Mo. Mrs. Margaret Heck, of Massilon, Ohio, aged 50, filled her pockets with stones and iron, tied an iron stove grate about her waist, and jumped into the city pond. When taken out life was extinct A portion of tho rolling-stock of the Iurlington,Cc(Lir Itapids and Northern Kail road Company has been seized at Albert Lea, Minn., at the suit of the Northwestern Fuel Company, which claims Sl,trl,5.i0 damages for violation of contruct SOUTHERN. The Legislature of Arkansas has en acted a law that invites competition from any part of the Union for the State printing, there being no provision, even, that the work shall te done at the capital of tho State. Tho Imiler of a saw-mill at Ilcthcl, N. C, exploded Wednesday evening. The mill was destroyed and Henry Allen, a white man, and James Moss, n negro, were killed. Tho act for the payment of tho debt of the city of Memphis has become a law, the first interest becoming payable July 1 next An auqile tax has been.levitd, and it will be paid promptly. Koports from Northwestern Texas concerning the prospects of tho crops are very discouraging. In many places the wheat and oats crops are being plowed up, and the land prepared for corn, of which the avbrage will bo very large. Fruit has suffered from cold all over the Ktate, and the crop will bo short Thos. H. Herndon, Congressman elect from the First Alabama district, died last week at Mobile. Tho chemical works of Alonzo L. Thompson, at South Baltimore, Mil , were damaged by fire to the extent of 50,000; fully covered by Insurance, The Tennessee Legislature has adopt ed the bill making it a felony to keep a gambling-house or to rent rooms to be used for gambling purposes. John Young went home, near Talla hassee, Fla,, the other evening, and found his little daughter on the ground with her throat cut from ear to ear, and his wife on the floor of the house with a load of buckshot in her body. Both were dead. "WASHINGTON. The Grand Jury of the District of Co lumbia made presentments against T. J. Brady, late Second Assistant Postmaster General, and William Pitt Kellogg, late Sen ator and Congressman-elect from Louisiana Brady is charged with receiving various sums of money from J. B. Price, as an in ducement to award expedited'' contracts to Price, and Keilogg is presented for con spiracy and for receiving money from Price as a compensation for bringing his Senatorial and personal Influence to bear upon Brady for the purpose of inducing him to award to Price certain mall-route contracts in Ixmisiana and Texas. The Cabinet has decided to prepay $.,(VK,(HX) of the bonds called for May, and it is probable thiR amount will be increased if the money stringency continues. No rep resentative of tho treasury was present at the meeting. Joseph Tyssowski, of "Washington, has been appointed Chief of the Mineral Division of the General Land Oflice, vice Sickles, resigned. First Comptroller Lawrence is report ed as having decided that Tom Ochiltree, of Texas, is entitled to his salary as Congress man. The Postoillce Department has placed the following nanu s on the list of frauds: W. M. Clinton . Co. and Comet Publishing I'ompany, Bloomington, 111. ; Western Card Company, Normal, 111.; Union Novelty Com pany, Mount Pulaski, 111. ; Star Publishing Company, Atlanta, I1L ; agents for the Guide and the Guide Publishing Company, Lincoln, 111. The Postmasters at the places men tioned have been directed to discontinue tho delivery to these addresses of money orders and registered packages. Secretary Folger appointed Capt. T. M Burrifl, of New York, Chief of tho Bureau of Engraving and Printing, to suc ceed to the late CoL IrilL E. (). Graves has been promoted to the position of Assistant Treasurer of the United States, in place of Mr. Wyman, ap pointed Treasurer. POLITICAL. The bill prohibiting political assess ments on public olHcials has been read a third time in the Pennsylvania Legislature. A report in favor of tho repeal of tho law making the payment of the poll tax pre requisite to the exercise of the right of suf frage will bo made to the Massachusetts Legislature at an early day. An election will be held in Fayetto county, PeniL, April ,1, to ill the seat in the House, declined by 1 Jukes. Gen. S. II. Uuckner announces him self as a candidate for the Democratic nom ination for Governor of Kentucky. The llailroad Committee of the New York Assembly agreed to report fa vorably the Anti-Free-Pass bill. It applies only to granting passes to Supremo Court Judges, State ofllcials and members and em ployes of the Legislature. Giving such passes by railroad companies is made a mis demeanor. The llhodo Island Supreme Court has given an opinion that the General Assem bly has no power to call a convention to re vise the constitution of the State. J. H. Urown, a member of the Leg islature from Kanawha county, W. Va., has been nominated for Congress by the Bepub licans, to till a vacancy caused by death Lieut. Danenhower, of tho Jeanuetto expedition, has been granted one year's leave of absence. MISCELLANEOUS. The total earnings of the Pell Tel ephone Company last year were $l,iVrt,U5l, and the expenses amounted to fOCj.isT, Lord & Munn, Montreal, shippers of produce to Great Britain, have made an as signment Their liabilities verge upon half a million. Among the passengers of the West phalia, from Hamburg, which arrived at New York last week, were rive survivors of the Jeannette Arctic expeilition. Frank IJyrne, whom the informer Carey declared to be connected with tho In vincibles," and whoso extradition from France was sought in vain by the British au thorities, has arrived in New York. Forty engine-drivers of tho Nickel Plate railroad ijuit work because of an order increasing tlieir hours of labor from ten to twelve hours The President gave a dinner to Mine. Christine Nil. son and a small part y of friends atChamberlin's. A Cleveland family of four persons who ate "suene"' on bread are lying at the point of death. It is supposed they arc afflicted with trichina, though none of the bacteria were found in a portion of the com pound analyzed. Two soldiers of tho Third Mexican cavalry lost their way near Chilpanango and rode over a precipices. Both men and horses were d.oshed to atoms. Pusiness failures for tho week ending March .'JO, as reported by ll O. Bun Co., of New York, numbered 1, as against 1U" for the preceding week, distributed as follows: Western States, L$ New Kngland, 14; South ern, Middle, ; Pacific ami Territories, 15; New York city, 9; Canada, 2. . .' Chicago is in telephonic communica tion with New York city. It is said the wirca work well the entire distance, and that a whisper is audiblo from either end Tho Canadian Minister of Finance, In laying the annual budget before Parlia ment recommended a redaction of taxation for th next fiscal year of ll,2.V),00a A large number of articles will probably be added to the free list A most satisfactory financial exhibit was made. A subsidy of $24,000 per annum for a monthly lino of steamers to Antwerp has been granted by the Canadian Government Advices from prominent trade centers report a continued though not evenly dis tributed improvement throughout the coun try. Threo hangings occurred on Friday, March fJO, and one of the victims was a woman. C W. Beaver, a colored boy of 17, was hung in Virginia for rape. Another negro named Bristow paid the penalty for murder at Camden, HL C Mrs. Kmeline Meaker, the poisoner of her niece, was hung at Windsor, Vt She is the first woman exe cuted by legal process in the Green Mount ain State, Tho Great "Western Insurance Com pany, of New York, has begun proceedings in tho (ourt of Claims against the United States for tho recovery of over t.'MJO.OOO claimed to be due the company out of the Geneva award, and other insurance compan ies are following the example of the Great Western, These proceedings are instigated in view of the recent decision of the Su premo Court of the United States in the Weil ease which overrules the Congressional decision that certain claims should not be paid out of the Mexican award. Tho ltev. Isaac; L. Nicholson, D.D., of Philadelphia, who was selected to the Bishopric of Indiana by the Protestant Fpis copal Diocesan Convention early last month, has declined the oflice. The Union machine shops and several business houses were destroyed by lire at Montreal. The loss was estimated at $1U,. 100, and was full covered by insurance. The Animal Kingdom. A curious amusement is: afforded to the Siamese in the contests of the J'la ka, or lighting fish, the lletta jtwjtia.r. Tho natives take as great interest in these aquatic combats as the Malays in cock-lighting. The Government farms these lights, and used to derive consid erable income from them. The fish is exceedingly pugnacious, and no sooner is one of its kind placed in tho same vessel than a fight takes place. The Piscayan whale, which up to tho seventeenth century was the one which made the fortunes of the whalemen, has left but few traces in the museums. In Europe, Copenhagen has one skeleton, and Naples another; Ilochello pos sesses a humerus, Ostend some verte bra", Lisbon a shoulder-blade, and this is almost all. It is very probable that the skeleton of a young whale in the museum in the Academy of Sciences belongs to this species, for the almost total extermination of which New En gland and Gascony are almost equally responsible. It was in September. The owls had killed some of our most valuablo fowls. One night I was aroused by loud squall ing and cackling among some fowls that roosted in some cedar trees that stood almost under the window where I slept. I jumped up, seized my gun and ran out. I could hear the owl as lie darted at his victim, but would fail to strike it, but I could not see it in the darkness. I throw up my gun and touch both triggers a splendid snap shot. I hear something strike the ground. "Walking up to the tree there lies a turkey and further on a chicken. A Baltimore man and wife committed suicide, and between tho dead bodies their pet, a large Spitz dog, took up his position and could not be coaxed or driven away. Several times the officers approached him with tho intention of seizing the dog by the collar, but each time he was on the alert, barking fu riously and jumping at them. The faithful animal had to be lassoed, and even then he made terrific exertions to prevent being dragged away. He was pulled from the bed only to jump back. "When pulled to the floor ho would lly at tho officers, and they beat him with a cane. He was finally dragged into an adjoining room, whero he scratched at the door and howled pit eously to get back into the room. Life has no charms for the poor clerk whose salary is mortgaged threo months ahead to pay for Ids wife's fur lined circular. THE MARKET. NEW YORK. r?ETCVES $ 8.10 ft 7.80 Hoos 7.7o 8.10 FLOUtt Snperflne 3.25 vC 3.75 Wheat No. l White l.io i$ l.n No. 1 lied 1.21 ( 1.23 Conx No. 2 f.s an .fj Oats No. 2 50 (fi .52 I'OUK Mess 15.io (tflD.25 Laud ll?4c$ .H5X CHICAUO. LEEVES Good to Fancv Steers. . (U5 7.25 ('own and 1 loiters 3.50 efl 4.75 Medium to Fair....!... 5.75 C f..lo ITOOS 5.50 (ft s.io Flouu Fancy Whlto Winter Fx. 8.0 1 (C 5.25 (tood to Choice Spr'g Fx. 4.75 (t 5.') Wheat No. 2 spnmr 1.05 c i.os No. 2 lied Winter l.os cfi i.oi COBN No. 2 52 ( 65 Oats No. 2 41 i .42 KVE No 2 5S ix .5J Ii.4KI.EY No. 2 75 l .77 iSL'TTEJt Choiue Creamery 27 cJ ,:to Foos Fri-Hb. 17 eft .18 1'okK Menu 18.00 CUS.25 Lam) . Ul,iM MILWAUKKK. Wheat No. 1 l.nrt (t 1.0754 Cons No. 2 54 p .65 OATS No. 2 41 i"i .42 IlYE No. 2 57 ct .6S 1UKI.ET No. 2 K2 vi, ,$ 1'OKK Mens 18.25 CMS.."" Lai;u HJ4U .ll'i ST. LOUIS. Wheat No. 2 Red i.(H ( i.o Corn Mixed 47 (r. .4S OATS No. 2 42 (t .41 Rye 54 ft .r,3 Fork Mess...-. 18.00 cCls.25 Lard , ,u t$ . CINCINNATI i - ! Wheat No. 2 Red....... l.io c 1.12 Corn.........; , 64, pi .66 OATS. it , .45 (j! .46 15 ye .r tn .fii . Fork Mesa..,. k... ;.,..... 18.21 tf'is.so Lard n (j .11 M TOLKDO. Wheat No. a Red l.io cu l.n Corn .57 c .5 Oats No. a .44 .45 , DFTROIT. FlCR 4.25 fh 4.50 N HEAT No 1 WhitO l.OS CD 1.10 Corn No. 2 , .64 pa .sr, Oats Mixed .. .44 tQ .4rt 1X)RK Mew 18.60 tUS.75 INDIANAFOLIS. HEAT No. 2 Red 1.07 cl l.f8 Corn No. 2 40 ( .541 Oats Mixed 42 pt .43 r FAST L1I5FRTY. PA. cattle Rent cm & 7.10 Fair C.50 at. c..'l Common r,.H pt r..25 Hoos 7.5,, (a fc"FW 3.5,) c oo JL HIDEOUS SIGHT. UmoTl of the Hodles from the Diamond Mine The Itemalnt In a Horrible Condi tion Correspondents of the ' Chicago papers at BraidwoocL, under date of March 26, give the following particulars of the recovery of the bodies of the miners overwhelmed by the flood in the Diamond mine: The workmen at the Diamond mine were engaged all ni?ht removing the bodies of the dead. The fuHt two corpses were brought Into the chill, night air at midnight Fully MX) persons of both sexes wero th ere hover ing about the entrance to the subterranean charnel-house, anxiously hoping that some near and dear one would be brought lip first. Mothers w ho had lost sons, and young wives were standing shivering in tho cold, with their little children clinging to their skirts and whimpering. There was no noife but that made bv tho pumping and hoist4ug ma chinery. The tumbling of the wa ter from the pumps kept up a monotonous swish as it struck bowlders on the outside and trickled oil to ward tho overflowed prairie, whencu it hud rushed into the mine. The water was black from contact with the walls of coal, and seemed tinged with a more somber hue by the flickering torches of the watchers and workmen. The miners who were engaged In exhuming the bodies would occasionally come to the surface to breathe freh air and get relief from the oppressive nausea of the mine. In their mining-clothes, their faces seamed with coal-dust, and tho little lan terns attached to their heads, these laborers among the dead looked weird and almost terrible in the darkness. The scene was indeed a ghatly one. Sobs were breaking from the women, and strong men spoke w ith bated breath in the pres ence of the first body brought out The hoif-ting apparatus had scarcely deposited the blackened remains upon the landing when the expectant crowed swayed forward, hoping to get a glimpse of the horrible tight. It was a horrible t-ight, and required a htout heart to look upon it unmoved For thirty-eight days the bodies had remained underground in the water, and decomposi tion had set in and was already in an ad vanced fctage. It was expected" that the corpses would be putrid, but putrefaction was not yet thorough, and they were easily handled." The first body ' was hoisted up in a largo oblong box and hurried into a shanty thirty feet distant from the hole, where the Coroner and tho jury and a few others waited to view the remains and Identifv them if possible. The box was opened and the crowd gazed upon the sickening sight The face was black as ink, as was the entire body, and it seemed impossible to recognize in the disfigured heap of clay t lie man who had been represented by it The clothing alone served as a mark of recognition, and the corpse was alleged to be 1'. II. Wall. Soon another body came up, and the creaking of the machinery continued xintil daylight dawned, when fifteen had been brought to the surface. As fast as one body was iden tified it was placed in a colli n and removed a short distance to the rlat-cors, to be trans ported to Uraidwood The identification in a number of instan ces was necessarily imperfect, because of the disfiguration of some of tho bodies and the advanced stage of decomposition. Tho scene in here was sickening. The saturated remains were exposed for a few minutes and eagerly gazed upon by bereaved relatives. No women were permitted within the morgue. The bodies were contorted into all manner of shapes, some of them almost doubled up, with the heads stiffened down upon the breast One man had his hands uplifted, as if to protect himself from Borne impending blow. He had raised them to ward oir death, and when it came it left him still appealing. The eyes of nearly all were gone, the noses flattened close to the face, which in n great many cases were laid bare to the cheek bones. Great gashes caused by falling stones ren dered recognition of a few nn absolute im possibility. The lips, thickened into exag gerated unnaturalness, the matted hair, cor roded hands, and blackened faces and limbs had so disguised all of the bodies that rec-, ognition was more guess-work than cer tainty. As an evidence of this uncertainty, Mr. l'earsons, who had lost three sons in the mine, was brought into identify one of tho corpses that it had been Insisted was one of his boys. The old man looked with quiv ering lips upon tho hideous spectacle, and turned away murmuring: "It's not him! It's not him!" There was a weight of woe in these words, tremulously spoken by a father who had for weeks been tutoring himself to bear the sight of his dead when they wero brought to him. The positive nes's of tho parent did not convince those who had known the young man intimately, but the father's verdict was accepted and the Coroner recorded "unknown." The only one brought out up to 10 o'clock In the morning who was unanimously ident ified w as a young man named John Uovd He was known by his clothing, and this lie came the only approximate means of identi fication. One man was known by a patch on his boots, another by a patch on his shirt, and a third by a button on his drawers. A solitary white button on this garment satisfied 'the man's wife, who had sewed it cm, that the putrid corpse, bearing no semblance to a man, was her husband There may have been other men with sim ilar buttons on their undcr-garments, but tho bereaved heart was satisfied and the re mains were identified As soon as the bodies were recognized, or admitted to be unrecognizable, they were taken from the plain wooden boxes and incased in a coffin. Tho coffins were ranged around the room, and were of neat imitation mahogany. Each coffin was supplied with a glass cover ing at the head, permitting the upper por tion of the body to be seen without unscrew ing the lid As soon as the coffin bearing a body was placed on a flat-car the women and' those not allowed in the morgue would clamber up the car and peer into it All morning and all day the scene around the funeral cars was a pitiable one. The crowd kept steadily increasing until 600 persons were clustered together near tho tracks. Wails came from the women, heart-broken sobs betokening un told woe, and stout-hearted men who had worked in the mine, and had saved them selves almost by miracles from the awful rush of wa ers, wept in comr anv on looking at the crumbling clav. Tears trickled down rugged cheeks, and fond mothers, wiv-s, and sisters wrung their hands in tearless grief. A wife would be told that her hus band lay in a certain coffin, but. look ever so hard there w as nothing to tell her that they were right Uy 10 o'clock seventeen bodies had been recovered, and these were placed upon the funeral train of three passenger cars draped in mourning and taken to Uraidwood, where they were interred after religious service over some of them, while others were taken directly to the cemetery. Twenty -two bodies h id been taken out to day, of which twenty were identified It was a noticeable fact that the bodies were in a much better condition while in the mtne than they were after removal to the outer air. Thev began to smell imme diately after the boxes were opened and fresh air touched them. III Itffom Iletler Than Hb Company. ' A Uniontown (Pa) special fays N. L Dukes, the murderer of Nutt arrived thro from his stepfather's, and next morning a committee of citizens waited on him and picscntcd him with tho resolutions adopted at tho Indignation meeting lately held. They also gave him notice that he would have twenty-four hours to transact his busi ness and leave town. The Spy System In London. The English Government contemplates adding a strictly political department to tho detective police force, In consequence of the operations of the Irih secret societies, whose ramifications have been discovered to be most extensive and whose membership, It in found, embraces oil classes of society. TIIE FAMILY DOCTOIV TnE best remedy for a Fp rained anklo or wrist, until medical aid arrives, is to bathe the afllicted member in arnica, and if it is not near at hand, cold water is tho next best thing. Foil Frosted Feet. Smear cloths liberally with pine-tar and bind them with the frozen parts. Let the swath ing remain on some thirty-six or forty eight hours, and the work is done all but washing your feet. Fine tar is the best known agent to remove tho fire from burns. Fon Itching Feet. Tho following is a euro for tho intolerable itching of the feet caused by frosting : boak the af fected parts in water as hot as it can bo borne, in which all the alum has been dissolved that it will readily take. Fifteen minutes is long enough to con tinue the bath. Never sleep in a room, if there is no fire, with all of the windows and doors closed. The average room does not contain more than one-third the air needed by the sleepers. Never sleep in the same clothes worn by day, but hang them whero they can "air." Never drink water that has stood in tho sleep ing room all night in open vessels. Never go to bed with cold feet, but first soak them in hot water, then dash on cold water, followed by thorough fric tion. Weakening Treatment. It is a law of our nature that weakness will result not only from violent and undue labor, but as well from indolence and inactiv ity, but no more certainly than that in suflicient clothing, bathing in water so cold as to produce a 6hock and a per manent chill, etc., must prove as adverse to tho health as the opposite extreme. It is no more foolish, fool hardy, to brave all weathers insulllciently clad, than to attempt to endure as much heat as pos sible, to which foul air is added. "While a proper amount of exposuro in tho cool and cold season, if properly clad, will invigorate, promote tho health and fortify one so as to bo ablo to endure cold weather with impunity, and thus enable them to escape tho ordinary "colds," it is equally truo that tho "fus sy" may and do so debilitate themselves by the opposite extreme as to suffer un usually from colds and sickness. Jus.t to the extent that one is deprived of tho invigorating influence of pure air and out-of-door exorcise, weakness must re sult, in addition to the debilitating re sult of indolence and of unnatural heat. Tho individual, therefore, who, with a false and absurd idea of carelessness, remains in a hot and uncomfortablo room, at a temperature which would be oppressive in the summer, enduring all possible heat, does violenco to nature, and is thus predisposed to colds and consequent disease. The individual who wears as much clothing as can be borne, and the same on a mild day as on tho coldest, will certainly reduce the power of tho body to generate heat, and just to that extent induce sickness. That one who, for fear of having cold feet, puts them in the oven on every occasion, and who carries the hot brick to bed, in tho mildest and coldest weather alike, will securo cold feet and a hot head. In other words, nature evolves only just the heat needed under the circumstances less and less the more artificial heat is supplied necessarily reducing tho strength. Avoid alike, unnecessary exposuro to both heat and cold, bothlebilitating in their extremes, while the medium is in vigorating. It is safe to bo comforta ble 2V. J. II. Han a ford. The Value of Hoiled Water. In an article in Knowledge on Scien tific Cookery, Mr. W. Mattieu Williams called attention to tho danger of using drinking water full of organic impuri ties. Such water, ho says, supplies nutriment to those microscopic abomin ations, the micrococci, bacilli, bacteria, etc., which are now shown to be con nected with blood-poisoning possibly do the? whole of the poisoning business. These little pots are harmless, and probably nutritious, when cooked, but in the raw and wriggling state are hor ribly prolific in the blood of people who are in certain states of what is called "receptivity." They (the bacteria, etc.) appear to be poisoned or somehow killed off by tho digestive secretions of the blood of some people and nourished luxuriantly in the blood of others. As nobody can bo quite sure to which class ho belongs, or may presently belong, or whether the water supplied to his household is fret from blood poisoning organisms, cooked w ater is a safer beverage than raw water. "Keilectiiig 011 this subject, w says Mr. Williams, "1 have been struck with a curious fact that has hitherto escaped notice, viz., that in the country which over all others combines a very largo population with a very small allowanco of cleanliness, tho ordinary drink of the peoj.de is boiled water, llavorcd by an infusion of leaves. These people tho Chinese seem, in fact, to have been the inventors of boiled-water beverages. Judging from travelers' ac counts of the state of the rivers, rivu lets and general drainage and irriga tion arrangements in China, its popula tion could scarcely have reached its present density if Chinamen were drink ers of raw instead of cooked water." Japanese Progress. A resident of Japan, in a recent let ter, says that the country is not making so much progress as is generally sup posed. The change is mostly on the surface There arc professions of re gard for tho people of other nations, but tho late Satsuma rebellion was a formidable outbreak of tho anti-foreign sentiment. Tho edicts against Christianity have never been abolished. The people really have a contempt for foreigners, and the Government is fast discharging those of that class in its employ, and tho number at present is very small. Some of the leaders of public opinion believe that, with a few iron-clads and torpedo-boats for a navy, Japan will tako its placo among tho great nations of tho earth, 'and bo prac tically independent of Western civiliza tion. Hungarian .Men and Their (lollies. The Hungarians, tho male portion. are Kplorulid fellows in some respects aud not so splendid iu others. They aro as active as cats, but their frames do not show the strength of tho German, Hollander or Englishman. Their faces are thin, hair almost always black, teeth very white and regular, and eyes an quick and restless as thoio of a bird of prey. Their dross is picturesquo to a de gree. If a hat is worn it invariably has a short feather of some sort in the side and if a cap it is turban-shaped and flat on tho top. Tho under coat in short coming only a little below the waist, nn elongated jacket with a waist, and is braided all over tho front and down th back with braid in fanciful designs. The trousers are tight to tho person, with braid in front over tho pocketM, and the leg terminates in a boot that reaches to the knee, in which tho tight trousers disai2ear. The overcoat in the winter of th wealthy comes to the feet, has an enor mous hood, and is always of a very heavy cloth and lined with fur. Tho farmers have overcoats of the same shape, of sheep-skin tanned with tho wool. For carnage or railroad travel they have enormous fur or sheep-skin boots, which they pull over the ordina ry boot, with a fur cap covering every thing but tho nose and mouth. Letter from Hungary. Every Man Ills Own Druggist. When heavy rains are prevalent, patches of fino white powder liko hoar frost may bo noticed on tho surface of brick walls. Dr. Joseph Leidy, Frosi dent of tho Academy of Natural Sciences, says that "tho efflorescence is simply ordinary Epsom salts." He al so states that a dark fungus that is found on mortar in damp places is sul phate of potash, and ho has discovered that a fine article of bromide of some thing or other oozes out of a tin roof in hot weather. Natural scienco is a wonderful thing ! Who would have thought that a brick is only another form of a dose of salts, or that there is enough sulphate of pot ash in an old chimney to physio a whole community. If Dr. Joseph Leidy goes on with his investigations he may find that castor oil is tho natural sap of an iron gate, or that the perspiration of a shingle roof is tho article known to commerce as kidney-wort. Then the doctor can publish his discoveries in a book under tho title of "Every Man His Own Druggist," and the house holder who has a copy won't ever again have to go down town in tho middle of the night and wake up a sleepy drug clerk, who is liablo to poison him with the wrong medicine. All he will have to do will be to pry a brick out of tho chimney and gnaw tho corner of it at his leisure, and then ho can fill up hia whole inside with materia medica with out expense by simply chewing a shingle, sucking an iron gato post, and digesting a section of the tin gutter from tho roof. This ago is great in dis coveries, and Dr. Leidy is a great dis coverer. Wo won't bo 'surprised to hear of him finding some valuablo gar gle exuding from a door mat, a healing poultice percolating out of an old hair mattress, or a liver pad leaking out of an eight-day clock. Texas Sif tings. Early Slavery in South Carolina. Accordingly, in South Carolina, tho negroes wero worked to death, and tho relations between the slave and his master wero very different from what they wero in Virginia and Maryland. The negroes in South Carolina wero simply heathen savages; wedlock was almost unknown among them; they were kept in brute-liko ignorance, and were often treated with barbarous cru elty. Consequently, instead of becom ing softened in disposition and partially civilized, like their brethren in Mary land and Virginli, these negroes wero as ugly and ferocious as any tribe of savages in Africa. Liko tho dog that is used to being kicked,' they were al ways ready to snarl and bite. They were a dangerous clasn of society, prono to commit crimes of violence, and to run away or rise in rebellion when occa sion offered. In tho course of tho eighteenth century there were several alarming insurrections, which were sup pressed with atrocious barbarity. Tho planters lived in perpetual terror. A sort of standing army, in the shape of a well-drilled militia 8,000 strong, was kept continually on duty, and part of the business of this militia was to visit all the plantations and search the negro quarters for concealed weapons. They were also authorized to Hog any stray negro they might chance to meet, without stopping to ask questions. For the murder of a master or overseer negroes were sometimes burned at tho 6take, or exposed in an iron cage and left to starve. John Fiake, in liar par's Magazine. For Fanners. General hints: Caro and economy are the farmer's best friends, except hard cider and credit at the grocery store. Tho small details of manage ment should never bo neglected. If your harrow is in bad condition, send it to a dentist and have new teeth put in. If the boys run away with your plow shares to Mshy" at vagrant dogs, send to Mr. Jay Gould and get 'new shares. Ue careful to avoid setting hens on all china eggs. When you find your cucumber vines running all over your neighbor's proicrty, tio them up" and try to get them to stay at home nights by providing them with business recre ation. On tho morning beforo sending your chickens to market feed them buckshot painted yellow. Tho chick ens tako it for corn, and it is both cheaper and heavier. If thero is any dye left over after you havo colorcil your Easter eggs and your flannel un derclothing, spill it upon your wifojs dahlias and sell them to tho city seed man' for a new variety. If you keep bee-hives you will find it dvisablo to extract tho stings of tho bees. This may bo easily done by sending tho hired man out. to stir up the bees with a short stick. -Ho will bling most of tho , stings back with him. 1'uck. Anytiiing which is homely, ugly, in convenient, ill-shaped and unhandv is iueen Anno style, and must bo ap- predated accordiEsly.