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A List of the Distinguished Dead of 1883. JANL'AnV. I. Leon Gambetta, eminent statesman of Frame. Ellslm Allen, Hawaiian Minister nt Washington. Joscphino Meeker, survivor or the Uto massacre. Lli.a Hawthorne, only fister of Nathaniel Hawthorne. Wm. II. Hooper, ex-Iklepate In Con gress from Utah. Edward J. Hale, publisher, New York. II. Dr. Warren Slone, eminent phytdelanof New Orleans, llev Titus Coan, noted nils lionnry. . (Jen. lhanzy, Life ScnaLn of France. Charles (Jossaife, leading dry -goods merchant of Chicago. Jean Cle-dnger, famous French sculp tor. T. Wm. A. Seaver, editor of ltvin') Drawer." Matthew 1 Wliinicr, only bioth er ol the poet. . .Tiiilo .To-ephus C. Ciulld, 1 adlnjr ei:I.en of Tt iitit'sce. Thatcher l'erk!:i, a not d inventor. Wm. H. Naptou, ex-Supi-cim .IuImo of Mis souri, lien. DevaMi'i, a:: eminent citizen of Franc-. :i. r. C;unpbe;i, of th" o.i'.'in.il Ca::.;.hell lniiir-t . e'.-i. 10. lion. Lot M. Moi rill, '-Senator and e.v-devi rnoi' r Maine. 1'. Dr. Samuel A. M u id. of Unio n apas siitnt :o;i memory, l iaik MiiU. ti:e sculptor. 10. I'-Conresiiian (!. I., Fort, oi' Illinois. M. .1. II. Connolly, a well-known in enter, oi I'itt-bnrnh. 1". Nelson Ludinton. p iniil oiuiiie ranker ol ( hicn.uo. Uev. .1. C. Talbot, Kpi-copal Ii:?h.p, of Indiana. !'. W. C. Pendleton, a prominent Vir ginian. V,. .lohu W. Sliaeio iford. ( onptesinan fiv ni North ( aro'.ina. 1. If. S. Newbold, of 1 ni.s ania, ex-Mini-ter to Mexico. 1.'. Henry Kip. Vic; -Pre sident United Ft at cs L.pns company. I'-('itnp res-man LatTabe", ol' Wiscon sin. -1. Prince Frederick haries, of lierinany. J. C. Fitriro, of the Anierii an F.x press com pany. . tlitave Dore, celebrated French painter. F.v-t'onirrcsinim ( 'haries Ihlano.ot' Massachusetts. Jo-duni Hutchinson, of tho celebrated "Hutchinson Family" of singers. Ann Fli.n Ilray, Fnlish novelist. Sir l!kh nrd Fnjiland, noted Fritisli (ieneral. Dr. George M. Iieard, fan. on New York physi cian. :.'4. (ieoro .Judd, tlie oldest pracl Iciny law yer in Wisconsin. .Indue .lames I'atiieU, the oldest editor in :hio. '.'.. Fx-Conrcs!i:a,i I.o.iis York. Col. O. II. Tri-h. Ciuef of Fr.yravinvr and Frintiiu, a Alexander Diiniiry, ol M':ye, of Xcw ;' tin I!i:r au : ';ih:ny ton. Mir.ister to Central Aimvim. i'i:i;i:t'.i:v. ::. Taniberlik, the oi I l-rcnow ned tenor sinter. C Fx-Coiure-snnin C. I. .' d-jwick, of S ra cuse, N. Y. T. Fx-flov. Fdtnund.f. PavK of Tea. 8. Hon. C. Ik Sloeumb, author of tlie Ne braska liipior law. V. Wm. F. T'odye, millionaiie merchant and philanthropist of New York. 10. Charles H. Thome, a well-known a tor. 1!. Marshall .lew oil. c-(loernor of Cou i.O.ticut. Fk Fx-CIov. Fdwin I. Morgan, ( f New York. It. lieor.2-o W. Moir'l;. formerly a Major iei: ial in the army. Commander Francis Morris, of the navy. 1". Fx-liov. Win mi I 6i::. Itu hard Wauner. il iomjioser. Meer Maui Smiih, of W.;si-on-( elel rated German s. German philan- threpist. I.;. Dr. II iiu li Clenn, f ralifornia. the larg est farmer In the world. Fx-tiov. Fiephon H'-mp-teml, of Iowa. IT. (ieortfo Dawson, ecra:i join nalist, of Albany, N. Y. 1'.'. .Samuel . I. Mdid, nianainir editor of the ( 'lileajro Tril uw . -U. Col. 1(. A. Facker, a very wealthy Fenn iyivanian. :.':k I'anny Driscoil Mhite, the Wisconsin poeit s. Dr. John M. Duke, a prominent Louis ville physician. The widow of the late iov. Jewell, of Connecticut. Iteile Cook, the champion equestrienne. Hank Monk, the Ncwda si apt -d; i er. mado lamous by Horace lireeley. m.'.:k i;. I. I'eter Vtoj rr, millionaire philanthropist. C. F-( onyressman Dudley M. Dubose, of deoi,-;a; lien. .Inmes H. Fimpsou. a retired army odicor, at Ft. 1'iuil. (iov. Alexander Hamilton Stephens, of Ceririu. ",. Fx-Conirressmaii Jo.'iu Kcvell. of Cleve land. Ohio. t. Hi.-hop euinlan. of the ( ailiolie diocese Of Mobile. P.t. Prince (iortch:ik(d!', the Janions Kus finn statesman. 14. Mrs. Mary firove, a.aed 117, at Montreal, Canada. Mrs. Fllen llirminiiham, )f louisvilie, Ky.. nod 107. Id. Karl Marx, founder of the Internation al o iety, at Ixmdon, a d f.. 17. F.x-Conjfi Cfsman 'ar'.toii It. Crrtis, f Trie, Fa. 2u. Hon. Fir (Jeor;e Jessel, Dritish states man. :.'.,. Hon. Timothy (. Howe, Fot master Cen cral. '7. Fx-Coiiressninn Charles Ftetsoji, of Cnnjior, Me. s. Congressman Thoma Herndon, of Ala bama. John Drown, for many years the per tonal attendant of Queen Victoria. '".K Kcv. Derwt nt Coh ridae, a son of the joet Colcrldjre. F.x-.tty. (Sen. Charles F. i!li, of Wisconsin. A IT. II.. n. C. C. Trowbriilg-:1, a leadins1 eitien of Do trod. .". Furprenn General Darncp, of the United States army. (i. .TmU'O C. D. Lawrence, distinguished ( ha iito lawjer. Dr. H. F. Ciooker, of tho Mi- hian university. U. John Nelson, the inventor of tho knit tli.PT machine. Francis F. Street, of the New York 1F.- 1 l. Dr. William Fai r, the best known statls ti. ian in England. is. Dr. E. lb Turnip5ced, n distinguish' d South Carolina physki:i. jo. Ex-Convressinan lloswell Hart, of I.ocLestcr, N. Y. Edward Nock, of Youngs- town, Ohio, tho first man to puddlo Iron In tho United States. Solomon S. Gray, of Natlek, Mass., tho original manufacturer of pajor collars. T2. Suleiman Pasha, a famous Turkish General. Mrs. Stover, Bister of tho late Presi dent Johnson. "II. Col. Jack Hayes, of Mexican war fame. 24. Jules Sandeau, Ficnch novelist. Ex Surgeon General Palmer, United States navy. 2.". Eliza PInkston, tho notorious w itness in the Hayes-Tildeu P: evidential contest. M A V. I. Dr. Henry Puckus, the pioneer educator of idiots. John Powen, of Wisconsin, a com rade of Davy Crockett. Hannah Ilurnside (colored), the oldest woman in Arkaiwis, aged 112. . Pev. Josiah Henson ((olored), the origi nal of Mrs. Stowe's "Uncle Tom." Louis Viardot, eminent French author. II. Mrs. Hannah F. Grant, mother of ex- President Grant. Amasi Stone, the wealthl- ! est man in Clev bind, Oliio. iil. James T. Itapier, ex-Congressman from Alabama, lien. A. P. Ueell, U. S. A. .1 r.i:. .'. James Fisk, Sr., father of the lato Jim Fisk. Ex-Chief Justice dishing, of New Hamjhire. fail 4$ irv ': frmew n Bi I H V-RAkiSfl; :V--" 7. CharlP '. Fulton, publisher of the L'rr? limof .i an rial n. 11. John Ilaudo'ph Tucker, ex-Admiral in the navy. 13. china Eastman, of Chicago, one of the old-time Abolitionists. 11. Ex-Senator Eugene Casserly, of Califor nia. Ex-Gov. ( haries J. Jenkins, of Georgia. A. C. Jordan, aged 107, of Chattanooga, TVnn. F lsra 1 Washburn, ex-Govcrnoi ol Maine. II. Gen. Goo. W. Warren, a proaiiuent I'o-toirau. 17. Dihop Peek, ol" the M. F. rhuieh. Is. Lydia l inkhani, celebrati d as a large Iatent medicine :m!v et tiser. 2d. William Chambers, c lel raic l Scotch publi -her. 21. Wiiliam M i op, ol Tai'.::ton. Mas.. a not-' ! inventor nirl hn'oniotb. e builder. 2:5. Arbuckh', the f.imo.is t ci pel t. 2.i. Edo a rd I ab tul iye. 'ie,nh priest, au thor ami state.-'nan. Philippe 1 ieust hli.ig, a noted ISelyian author. 2s. Ex-t b el" .Justi ' Sharsvo'l. ol Pennsyl vania. 1. Jam" W. She;ii;a i. o ie ol the la ling joiirua.li-t.' oi' ( hieago. lA-ConaTosniaa Ibioney, of I.'r law ai e. 20. Arehlii.'hop Wcod, of Philadelphia. Gen. ( haries Ev. lag, of Wus'iiiv.'ton. l'i?hoj (olenso, at Natal. South Atrici. 21. Charh'S llackus, the weii-known neuro min-tre!. 2.". Dr. FK 'lerick Knapp. a lamous dentist, of New rleans. 2k Stephen Anderson, LL. ., of Prince ton colleae. a noted educator. .ll'I.V. 2. Ifcv. Thomas N. Ibirke, famous as a priest and lecturer. A. Catholic Archbishop Puree'., of Cincin nati. Episcopal llishop Pinekney, of pultl more. Cathlic Uisho McMullen, of Daven port, Jowa. Lieut. Col. Francis N. Farquhar, of the Engineer Corps. S. ICx-Congressman J. D. llaMwIn. of Wor cester, Mass. Marie You Eisner (Mile. Liita), the prima donna. 11. Jesse II. Moore, Consul to Cullao, South America. 12. Louis Wal-o, an Indian, aged 10fJ, at Lake George, N. Y. II. Charles IL Stratton (Gen. Tom Thumb;, the famous dwarf, aged 45. IS. Ex-Congressman Archibald McAllL-tcr, of Pitbsbunih, Pa. E. Iwakura, a celebrated Japanese states man. 23. Ex-Congresman Ginery Twite hell, of Masa( husetts. Gen. E. (. C. C'rd, of tho I'nited States army. 21. E.x-Gov. Thomas Fv.ann, of Maryland. 2.". (ien. Fenwkk Williams, of the Uritish ami'. 27. Montgomery llialr, of Maryland, Post master General tin !er L'n -oln. 2". Thomas Hoyne, n distinguished lawyer, of Chicago. f' r 'vi' ":" -.3 I -WSfym&A I &i'i-'rh't And at tho central meal ats sot i "T,.amiJeVi-4 i 'Mfelfi il - From need slro to smallest lct. efelOT1- riifviV? -?--iSviJ Thc Brace proceeds. With bowed 31. Edward ltldloy, a loading dry-goods merchant, of Now York. Al'GCST. 3. Milton H. Sanford, tho well-known turf man. 5. Prof. T.W. Tob in, of Louisville, Ky., a well-known scientist. 11. 1M ward Dubuf, famous French painter. 11. Augustus M. Herrlngton, a dis tinguished Illinois lawyer. E. It. Hawn, a leading citizen of Indiana. George Marston, a prominent Massachusetts lawyer. 1(5. Robert Hewitt Drown, of Albion, N. Y., a prominent Mason and author. is. Jere S. Pluck, of Pennsylvania, fine of tho most pruminent public men in tho coun try. William Wirt Sykes, a well-known au thor. 21. Count of Chambord, head of the rcyal tiouso of France. 2tt. Walter 11. Pool, member of Congress from North Carolina. 27. E. M. Pease, ex-Governor of Texas. SK.fTKMMl'H. 2. Jackson Downer, ex-Associate Justico of tho Wisconsin Supremo Court. M. E. Cutts, member of Congress fioin Iowa. 3. Ivan Tourganietf, the famous ltussian novelist. 4. Marwood, England's profc s.sional hang man. are act The household group entire, smallest pet. Thc grace proceeds. With bowed head And heat t engaged in grateful flow to Heaven For blessings past and present, And for hope beyond, Each older one full reverence pays While Grandpa leads la spoken word Of thanks. The littlo ons, Unlearned as yet concerning Ilim Whose loving hind tills all their JU'C(l:3, And eager for the coming tw With open eyes and walling mouths, Gno longingly on table's load. While fuithlul Undo Joe, Dchiad Old Master's chair, 111 altitu,, t!vvr,ut 1,ay9 8ar! I heed. test 7. Mrs. Julia P. Smith, novelist, at Hart ford, Ct. .'. Col. David P. Halloway, a irominent In diana politician. Sir Harry Maxsc, Governor General of Newfoundland. 10. Hugh Law, Loid Chancellor of lie land. 11. Henri Conscience, noted Ilelglan nov elist. Admiral Pierre, noted French naval officer. 12. Hugh J. Hastings, noted New York ed itor. Gen. T. S. Fam.tleroy, lormer United States army oiliccr. Thomas Green David son, ex-nu'inber of Congress from Louisiana. Pellis Manny, of Moline, 111., inventor of tho Manny reaper. Charles J. Foster, a New York Journalist. 15. Sir Hichard oilinson, of hn Hritish navy. George II. Hangs, Superintendent of Pinkerton's I'etee'ive Agency. II. Victor I.e Franc, a Era ii( e. Life Senator of 17. Junius Iirat i:s Eooth, the m tor. 25. Dr. E. F. Hatfield, eminent Freshyteri tni divine. 2i. Co!, (ieoive lin.ipp. senior proprietor of the St. l.ou's ll iihiiuiii.. 2.i. Diana Colphu-', f I.ondnii, Canada, aged lb years. Oi'TOlM u. .TikI Kiddev, of tin Dakota Si'prcmo Court. 15. Fear Admiral Sands, of the navy. s. Mrs. J. M. Ilaaninju-, last survivor of the Alamo massa-.To. 10. Surgeon General Charles H. Crane, of the United Stales army. 12. Col. Partial as Hums, a prominent Oh loan. 14. Mrs. Donlfaee, a well-known actress. 17. Gen. James It. Steedman, of Toledo, (. 111. S. M. Edg 'll, a leading Utizcu of St. I.ouls, Mo. 20. Ex-Con r ssuiau Charles J. Albright, of Ohio. 21. Mr. John Uusse'd Young, wlfo of the American Minister to China. 22. Capt. Mauio Fold, the English novelUt. 21. Jean Paul, distinguished French sur geon. 2.". Key. L W. Pembroke, oldest Congrega tional minister in New If amp-thin. 2. William CoTn, colored, at Plalnfleld N. J., aged lid. Margaiet Mallor, at llrook lyn,N. Y., ftt-cl 102. 20. G. N. Fov, of New York, formerly As sistant Secretary of tie, Navy. 111. Armisfead D irt, cx -member of Con. gie-s from South Carolina. NOV KMIIK.lt. 2. Frank P.. Fond, of Ohio, author of tho l oud II pior law-. f. William Swbibui ii", of Paters in, N. J., tho pioneer locomotive builder. C. Theodore F. Fandolpii. ex-United S.ates Senator and ox-Governor of New Jersey. 9. Gen. Alchlbiadcs de Diane, ft prominent Jurist of Louisiana. 12. Ex-Gov. Natt Hea l, of New Hampsbiro. Admiral Creighton, of tlie navy. II. Dr. J. Marion Sims, of New York, cele- bratd surgeon. Gen. Augustus C. Dodge, ex-United States Senator from Iowa. 21. Com. John M. llerrlen, of tho navy. 22. John McKeon, an eminent Now York lawyer. 2il. Sojourner Truth, tho noted colored woman, aged 10s. 27. At JJrincoe, 111., John J. Simmons, aed 102. 2. Hon. William L. Greenly, a prominent eitl.en of Michigan. Lieut. Georgo 11. Carse, of the United Ftates army. 2:. Ex-Gov. William E. Stevenson, of Virginia. 30. Prof. Tice, or Ft. Louis, a well known weather prophet. mxkmdki:. 1. Julius Payer, tho Austrian Arctic ex plorer. 3. G. It. MInot, a leading merchant of Eos ton. 4. Frederic Ives, a wealthy publisher of New Haven, Conn. fi. John T. Donnelly, theatrical manager Philadelphia. 7. Alex. C. Joslyn, a well-known hotel man of New York, Ilo-iton and Cincinnati. ft. E. F. Ilisl-.op. a prominent and wealthy cltien of Connecticut. James Hums, a lead- Ing citiO'i of Detroit. 10. Mrs. J. A. Drown, of Milwaukee, a i noted temperance lecturer. The Origin oi" (. Ju lstmas. Cliristmas looks out at us from tho dim shadow of tho proves of tho Druids who knew not Christ, and it is dear to thoso who now renounco tho naino of Christian. Tho Christmas log, which Hevrick ov.hovts his nierric, mori io boys to bring with a noise to tho firing, is but tho Saxon Yule-log Infill ing on tho English hearth, and tho blazing temples of Saturn shino again in tho illuminated Christian churches. j it is the pagan mistletoe under whieli tho Christian youth kisses the Christian maid. It is the holly of tho old lloman Saturnalia which decorates Uraeebriilgd Hall on Christmas eve. The hugo smoking baron of beef, tho flowing oceans of ale, are but tho survivals of the tremendous eating and drinking of the Scandinavian "Walhalla. Tho Christian and ante-Christian feeling blend in tho hapjn season, and tho Christian observaneo mingles at every point with the pagan rite. It is not easy to say xvlicro tho paganism ends and tho Christianity begins. Tho carols and the wassail, tho prayers and tho games tho generous hospitality, 1 lobby-Horse and I ho Lord of Misrulo Maid Marian and Santa Claus, aro a curious medley of the old and tho now. As tho religious thought of all ages and countries, when it reaches a certain ele vation, flows into an expression which makes tho Scriptures of tho most divergent nations harmonious, tho his tory of this happy festival is cvidenco of tho common humanity of tho earlier and later races; and tho stranger in Braeebridgo Hall, musing by the hearth on Christmas eve, as ho watches tho romping revelry beneath the glistening berries, and listens to tho waits carolling outsido in tho moonlight, or as ho is wakened on Christmas morning by the hushed patter of children's feet in tho passage, and tho shy mush of chil dren's voices at his door, may well seem to hear a moro celestial strain, and to catch a deeper meaning in tho words, "lieforo Abraham was, I am." (7co. D'rn. Curtis, in Hari'cr's Magazine. wmmmmm CHRISTMAS SNQWFLAKES. Ono Christmas eve, as Deacon Drown Was homeward going from the town, A snow flake fell nion his noNc. Said he, "Well, I declare! it snows! If it will only snow all nltfht Twill givo tho children kucIi delight. Ah! yes, they'll think it Jully fun; Put there is many a shivering ono Will not the mow be ljd to sec. How many poor there are. Ah, moj Now, there is poor old Widow Purr; I oiitfht to have renumbered her. And tried to manajrc In s-nno way To make her hnppy Christmas day, I'll do it yet! 111 send boiiio coal To-morrow morning yes, indeed And other things that she may need." Ami onward, cheerily, he went. His luart a-ilow with kind intent. Jast at that time another Hake, As big and cold and wide awake. Fell plump on Father Duston's eye. As ho wus looking at the ky To Hee what mitfiit thc prospect be Of a clear Christmas day. Cried ha: "As Mire as 1 live, it's going to snow! Don't know uu It's much better, though. The fowls arc comfortable, 1 guess. They're well penned In, and I confe:.i There nin't nobody round here got A bigger ncr a finer lot Of fowls than I, and Neighbor Glen 1 on't b'lleve he's even got a hen For Christinas dinner, they're so poor. Now, 'twouldn't hurt me, to be nnre, To take a turkey over tin re. And chicken, too, or p'r'aps a pair. 1 reckon more'n likely 'twould Do all of 'cm a power of good. I'll do it, su re's I live," said he; "One merry Christmas they shall so:." And off he wear, with eager will, His kindly premise to filial!. Another frosty snow-Hake fell Upon the hand oi bright-eyed Nell, As i-hi w;is passing out the doors Of one of the bright, crowde I store. "Ah! snow!" said she, "Well, let It snow; I've not much farther now to go." Into her mult' her hand die sdipred. And, us she onward gayly tripped, She thought "ilow nice a muff to hold. And keep one's hands from snow and cold; There's cou-ii Minnie -she has none, L ncle's too poor to get her one, 1 wi-h she had nice things like me, Why, I declare! Just let mc see! Why could not I buy her a mult! I think I've money left enough, I'll buy It now, this very night. And send it around at morning light, lief ore she's fairly out of b ;d," And on her errand kind fdie sped. While Dootblack Jimmio stopped to hT.r Some Christmas carols, on his ear A snow-flake fell, Cried he: "Ilelloai Hurrah! hurrah! it's goia' to snow! I tell yer that'll be jest gay Hut there's poor little sister May A-lyiu there so sick in bed She can't po much as lift lu-r head; Fhe couldn't pee It if t did snow. Too bad! she a Hers loved it so. Look here! 1 know jest what I'll do. As soon as that there slngln's through, I'll take that bit of ev'greeen tree Here In the street right home with m, An' fix it up somewhere real straight An' don't I hopo 'twill snowfu-t-rato All night, and cover it with mow! An' won't it please her mighty, though, To see me fetchin' of it in? Twill make her chirper than she's been Hinee she was took. An' I declare, I guess I've got some cash to spare, To buy somethln uncommon sweet An' tempt in' like, for her to eat. An' she shall have a ChrNtma-, too, The same as ether people do." fcv), when he'd heard the singing out, His loving plans ho w cut about. Hut, oh! 'twould take a week to tell The good the snow Hakes as they fell Did all unconsciously achieve Upon that merry Chiistmas eve What suffering ones they brought to ndud. What hearts they moved with impulse kind, What chains of selfishness th y broke, What Christ-like charity they woke, What tender thoughts they multiplied, What clone-shut purses opened wide; And hearts there were that never knew Ilow much thc snowllakes had to do With their unwont.'d happiness, Such power have little things to bless. How Times lime Changed! "Changed!' exclaimed Deacon Green to tho dear little sehool-ma'm, a year ago como Christmas, "I should think they had changed. "Why, many's the timo I'vo heard my de ar old father tell how, years ago, when he and Aunt Mary were children living on their father's farm in old England, tho least littlo present used to delight them. "They wero well-to-do people, too, tho Greens were; but to find one book or a ball or a shepherd's pipe in his Christmas stocking would make father perfectly happy when ho was a boy; and his sister thought a box of sugar plums or a new doll, or any onco pretty giincrack, was a joy, indeed. Changed! well, I'd like to know! "Why, I'm told that a boy of this day, a real boy of tho period, would con sider himself a much-abused fellow if ho didn't find on his Christmas-trco a ball, a six-bladcd knife, a scientific top, a box of carpenter's tools, a printing-press, a jig-saw, a sled, r. bicycle, ice-skates, roller-rdratev, a Punch and Judy show, a telephone, a steam-engine, a microscope, a steam boat, a working train of cars, a box of parlor magic, a pistol, a performing acrobat, a real watch, a gold scarf-pin, gold cuM-buttons, a bound volumo of St. Xichohtt, ami twenty or thirty other books, moro or less, besides a pocket-book with gold money in it, and ft pair of kid gloves. "I may have forgotten something, " added tho Deacon, wiping his brow, "but, so far as I can make out, that's tho proper thing for an avorago boy's Christmas, nowadays." "As for tho girls,'1 tho good man went on, raising his voice, "as fur the girls as for " How tsho did it, I do not know; but that wonderful littlo school-ma'am ac tually slopped tho proceedings then and there. So, to this day your Jack doesn't know what an averago girl of tho present day does, might, could, would or should find on a Christmas-tree. The Original Santa ClaiH. "Santa Claus" is an interesting archa ismcarrying tho mind agreeably back ward to thoso old times which always have such a charm for tho critical in vestigations or pot tic reveries of men. This cheerful Christmas legend was (piite a new thing to most of us a few years ago to those, at least, who got their ideas of such things from tho literature of our own language. Santa Claus has come, as everybody is aware, from Germany to the new world ; and tho curiosity of this matter is that in thus coming over the sea ho underwent a certain remaikablo kind of transform ation a sort of a sea change. Ho was onco honored in Deulchland or Ger many (for both of these names have ex r.etly tho sumo meaning in the Celtic,) as a child, a fact which none of tho Germr.n critics or philologt rs have con descended to notice, at b ust in any dis tinguishable way. Santa Clans was one of tho oldest ideas of the Celtic AVest in Pagan times, as he was of the ra;;-an East before. In Christian time be was s.till regarded v.iih relig'ous veYiTenee, hitting, as ho had sat for ages in Egypt and else where, in the arms of his mother. Santa Claua was. ia fact, tho child Jesus in the middle ages; and through out that period the festive creed of Germany and all Celtic Europe was that ho isited all family dwellings of good Christians on the eve of his anniversary, and brought with him gifts and bless ings for tho children. This beautiful tradition is still to bo found lingering ia Germany, though Santa Clans does not seem to be specially connected with it by name. Tho truth of this original belief is plainly enough indicated by tho word claus," which, ia tho gothie or ancient German, means "child" and "son." Santa Claus formerly meant the Holy Child. It is not very diflicult to seo how thai chango of men's religious beliefs 300 or 400 years ago changed tho charac ter of the legend. Those who had put away Catholic sentiment in religion, and wished to have tin ir own or mora dignified sort, thought it too rudo and simple a thing to make that holy child bring knick-nacks and sweetmeats to tho children down the chimney, and so, by degress, altered tho old idea, mak ing it a genial, sceuliar fancy in the per son of benevolent and jolly old man, such Hi tho Germans and others havo welcomed for many generations, and wo in this country have generally rec ognized of lato years. Ho is such a cheery and felicitous old fancy that nobody would ever havo thought of challenging him in any respect, but for the great mistake, so long ago commit ted, of sending him about tho world with that tell-talo Claus pinned on his back, as it were. Ho really should him self have remembered, with tho rest of his recollections, that his name is inter preted in Schiller or liuxhorn (wo for get whichl, and should havo chosen another. This statement, supported as it is by the old Christian traditions clinging around tho present season of the year, will commend itself, perhaps, to tho critics of tho old customs and old lan guage. l)ut "tho rest of mankind" don't sec it, and, in reply to that Gothic lexi con, exclaim, in tho words of Giles Scroggin's ghost, "that's no ruler Santa Claus will still bo tho old man with the beard and tiio frosty face -"frosty, but kindly." And, indeed, very properly. The popular instinct, that is, in these our modern times was right in setting that imago of the child aside. It belonged to a far pro founder sentiment than that of mere household game, pastime and festivity, was inevitably displaced by a genera tion in whom tho simple old beliefs and reverence of departed ages lived no longer. After all, it was lucky that Santa Claus was turned so very oppor tunely into an old man. The other idea could never havo como down to such a matter-of-fact ago as this, and our Christmas would havo wanted the hap piest genius of its festivity tho Santa Claus of tho German vaterlaud. (iiiesscs for the New Year, "What is tho difl'ereneo between a donkey and ft goldfinch? Ono cats tho thistlo up, tho other the tltistle down. What is that full of holes, yet that can bo filled with water? A sponge. Which word would you rather write, tweedledum or tweedlcdeo? Twcedle deo is written with more ease (e's). Which should you think must be tho coldest river in England? Tho ico is (Isis). Why is the letter Tj like Warwick shire? 1'ccause it is in tho middle of England. Why is a Xew Year's eve party liko Timbuctoo?--Because it ought to begin with a capital T "ea." THE NEW YEAR'S CALLER, Amarus lnd a New Yeir' card, Ib-Vi-l-cdued ami candy; And everywhere Augustus went He swnpied It oT for toddy. Augustus H;IV the cards nrjuadl Vntil lie u.-ed the :tock tip, And weke n sadder, wiser man, Next r.H': n!r.;, in thc lock-op.