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CYNTHIA ANN PARKER.
A Tragic Episode of Early Life in Texas. IJY GUN. GKOKGK 1. Al 1 OKI). In 1633 a small colony vao formed in Illinoii, inoved to the then Mexican province of Texas, and tattled in a bean, tiful and fertile region on the Navasot lUver, about two miles from the present city of Uroesbeck, the county seat of Limestone County. The colony consisted of nine families, of whicu Klder John l'arker was the patriarchal bead; his aged wife; their son James "V. Parker, his wife and four single childien; their inerrie 1 daughter lUihel and her hus band, J. H. 8. riummer. and iuf ttnt son fifteen months obi; another married daughter. Sarah, snd her husband, L. I). Nixon; Silns M. Parker (another sou of Klder John), his wifo and four children; Ken 1). Parker (another son of Elder John), unmarried; Mrs. Nixon, Sr., mother of Mrs. John W. Parker; Mrs. Klizabelh Kellogg, another daughter 'of Mrs. Nixon, Sr.; Mr. Duty; Sam M. Frost, his wife and two children; Geo. C. Dwight, his wife end two children; in all thirty-four persons. They orected a Mock-house, which wns known as Fort Porker, for protection against the assault of hostile Iudiaus. This structure was made of solid logs, closely knit together and hewed down so as to make a compact, perfect squsro, without openings ot any kiud until it reached a height of ten or twolvo feet, when the structure widened on each hide, forming a projection impossible to climb. The lower story, reached only by an in terior ladder, whs used as a place of -etoraga for-provisions. The upper story was divided into two large rooms, with portholes for the use of guns, which rooms were used as liing rooms, and reached only by a ladder from the out--side, which was pubed up at night, after the occupants had ascended, making a afo fortification against a re sonable force, unless assailel by tire. Thee hardy sons of toil tillo 1 their adjacent fields by day, always taking their arms with them, ond retired to tho fort at night. Sui cess crowned their labors, ond they were rrosperous and happy. On tho morning of Mny is, lsV., the men, unconscious of impending dancer, loft as usual for their field, a m le dis tnnt. Scarcely had they left the in closure when tha fort was attacked by about seven hundrod Comnnchos ind Kiowas, who woro waiting in ambush. A Gallant and most lesoluto defense was made, many savages being sent by swift bullets to their "happy hunting ground." but it was impossible 10 stem the tenibla assault, and J-'oit Parker fell. Thou be gan tbe carnival of doith. Elder John Parker, Silas M. Patker. Pen F. d'arker, Sam M. Fro6t and llobert Frost were killed and scalped in the presence of their horror-stricken families. Mr. John l'arker, Granny Parker and Mrs. Duty wero dangerously woun led and loft for dead, aud the following wero carried into a captivity worse than death: Mrs. Kachel l'lummer. Jns. Pratt, Plummer, her two year old son; Mrs. Elizabeth Kel logg, Cynthia Ann Parker, nine years old, and ber little brother John, nged bix; ooth children of Silas M. Parker. The remainder of the colony mode their escape, and after incredible suffering, teing forced even to the dire necessity of eating skunks to save the:r lives, tbey reached Fort Houston, now tho re-ilencj of Judge John 11. Keagan, United States Senator, about three iuilo from the present city of Palestine, in Anderson County, where they obtained prompt succor, and a relief p.irty buried thoir dead. Wo will now attempt briefly, to follow the fortunes of the poor captives. The tirt nigtit ufter tho nussacre tho savages camped on an open prairie, near a water hole, staked tLoir horses, pitched their camp and throw out their videttes. 1 hen they brought out thMr prisoners nd stripped them and tied their hands be hind them, aud their feet closely together with rawhide thongs, so tightly as to cut the flesh, threw them upon their facas aud the braves gathering aiound with tho yot bloody dripping scalps of their mar tyred kindred, began the r usual war dance, alternately dancing, screaming, yelling, stamping upoa their helpless vic tims, beating their naked bod;os with bows aud arrows until the i'owiug blood almost strangled them. These orgies continued at intervals througu the ter rible niht, which soeined to havo no vid, these frail womon suffering and om j pUed to listen to the cry of their tender i 'ittlo children. I .Mr'. Kellogg, more fortunate than the "Others', Bion fell into tho hands of tho Kecchi Indians, who, six months later Hold her to the Delawnres, who carried ber to Nacogdoches, where this writer then lived, a small child with his par-, cnts. Here she was ransomed for 1.") by General Sam Houston, who piomptly restored her to her kindred. Mr. Itacbel Plummer lemained a captive for eighteen mouths, suffering untold -agonies and indignities, when she was ransomed by a Santa Fe trader named "William Donahue, who soon ufter es vorted her to Independence, Mo., from whence she finally made her way back to Texas, arriving Feb. 19, IS 38. Her son, James Pratt l'lummer, after remaining a pr soner six jears, was rancomed at Fort Oibson, and reached his homo in Tex us in February. then agd ears. During Mrs. Plummer's captivity she a:uin became a mother. When her child was i months old. finding it nu impedi ment to tho menial labors imposed upon her as a slave, a Comanche warrior forci bly tcok it from hor arms, tied a lariat around its bodv, and, mounting his horse, dragged the inf nt at fill speed around the enmp in sight of the agonized mother until life was extinct, when its mangled romains were tossed back into her lap with savage demonstrations of delight, ftuch atrocities have forced mo to the belief that "all good Indians are dead In dians." This leaves of the sorrowing captives only CynthU Ann Parker and her little 4rothor John, l years of ae, each held by sepsrate banc's. John grew up to athletic young manhood, married a beau tiful night-cyod young Mexican captive, Donna Juaniti Esjinosa, escaped from the savages, or was released by them, joined the Confol.rato nrmy under Gen. II. 1. Pee, becauio noted for his gallantry And daring, and at latent occounts was leading a happy, contented pastoral life s a rauchero on the Western Llano Es tnc.ido of Texas. CYNTHIA ANN F ATtKEIt. Four long and anxious verrs have passed since Cynthia Ann l'arker was taken fiom her weeping mother's arms, during which no tidings had been re ceived from her anxious family, when, in J8K Col. Len Williams, an oid and hon ored Texan, Mr. htout. a trader, and Jack 21 ny, a Delaware Indian guide, packed mules with goods and ccgigod in an ex pedition of private traffic with the In rl aas. On the Canadian IUver they fell in with Pahanka's band of Comanches, with whom they wtre peaceably con srersant. Cjnthia,Ann Parker was with this tribe, and from the duy of her capture had never beheld a white porson. Colo nel Willatus proposed to redeem hr from the old Comanche who held her in bondage, but the nefceness of his countenance warned him of the danger of further mentioning the subject. He, however, permitted her, reluctantly, to 'sit at the root of a trco, and while their presence was doubtless a happy event to the poor stricken captive, who in her doleful cnptivjty had endured everything but death, she refused tospeik one word. As she eat there, musing perh ips of distant relatives and friends, her be reavement at the beginning aud progress of hor distress, they employed every jorsussivo art to evoho from her some expression of her feelings. Thy told her ot her relatives and her playmates, and asked wh t mossage of lovo she would send them, but she had been com manded to sdence, nnd with no hope of release was afraid to apt ear sad or de jected, and by a stoical effort controlled her emotion", lest the terrors of her cap tivity should bo increased. Put the ani iety of her mind was betrayed by the quiver of her lips, showing that she wa not insensible to tho common feelings of humanity. As the years rolled by Cynthia Ann de veloped the charms of captivating womanhood, and the hearts of more than one duskv warrior ws pierced by the Ulyssean darts of her laughing eyes and the ripple of her silver voice, and laid at her feet the trophies of the chase. Among the number whom her budding charms brought to her shrine was l'e-ta-to-co-na, a redoubtable Comanche wur chief, in prowess and renown the peer of the famous "Pig Foot," who fell in a des perate ban 1-to-baud combat with the no less famous Tean Indian-lighter. Cap tain Shapley P. .loss, of Wco, the illus trious father of the snll moro distinguish ed son. General Sol 1'oss, now serving his second term as Governor of Texas, from whom and his heroic father many of the details of this narrative were obtain ed. It is a remarkable and happy co incidence that the son, emulating the father's contagious deeds of valor and prowess, afterward in single combat in tho valley of the Wichita, forever put to rest the brave and knightly Pe-ta-no-co-na. Cynthia Ann. stranger now to every word of her mother tonjue, save only her childhood mme, became the bri le of tho brown warrior Pe-ts-riO-co-na, bore him three children, and loved him with tierce pission nnd wifely devotion, evidenced by the fact that fifteen yers after her capture a partv of huntors, including friends of her family, visited tho Co manche encampmeu'. on the Upper Can ruian llher. and recognizing Cnthia Ann through the medium of her name, endeavored to in luc er to return to bor kindred ml th abode of civilization. She shook her head in a sorrowful nega Xxsa, and, point n; to hor little naked barijnrians sportin.' at her feet ond to the great lazy chief sleM ing in the shade uoar by, tho lock of u scoro of fio-h scalps dan .din -at his bolt, replied: I am nap; ily wh ided; I lose my hus band aud mv litlle ones, who are his, too, rnd I cannot forstko thorn." nrCAl'lTHE OF CYNTHIA ANN' rAHKEK Vt -TA-NC.CO-NA. This I rilliant aib evemeut rnd th thrilling events which pr-ce hl it, can l est be to d in the graphic language of tha hero who accomplished it, Geuerjl Lawrence Sullivan Jloss, Gov rnor of Texas ul I th refcrj nj p.nd his mod est letter: K crcrnvF. 0:tii k, Arsnv. TVxan, AprU 8, 1SJ). i" Oon. Oro. Alfonl. lal!a, Texas: M.Y Deak Gkni:hal: In response to your request, I herewith inclose you my reco lections, after a lapse of thirty ye irs, of tne events to which yon refor: la l5s, Major Earle Van Dorn, with the Se.onl Cavalry, I'. S. A., one com pany of inf;'.utr to guard his de;ot of supplies, and 1155 frimlly Indians un ler my command, made a huccessful cam lai0rn iig liust tlo Comanches, ami bya series of well-directed I lows, inflicted terrible punishment uron them. On the Uioruing of Octobjr 1, ls. we came in sight of a large Ju lian villago on tho waters of the Wichita lliver near what is now known i s Fort Sill, in the Indian Territory. They wero not apprehensive of an attack and most of them were still asleep. Mfjor Van Dorn directed me, at tho head of my Indians to churgo down the line of their lodges or tents, ctit off thoir horses and run tbom bnck on the hill. This was quickly accomplished. Van Dorn then charged the village, strik it at the upper end, as it stretched along ft I'Oggy branch. After placing about thirty-nvo of my Indians as a guard around the Comnrhe horses, some 100 in number, I cnxrgod with tho balance of my Indian forca into the lower end of the village. The morning was very foggy and after a few minutes of tiring the smoke and fog became so dense that objects at but a short distance cuild bo distinguished only with great difficulty, 'ihe Coman ches fought with reat desperation, as all they possessed whh in imminent peril. Shortly nfier the engtgement becanfe general, I discovered a number of Co manches running down the branch, about i.0 y.trds from the villagj, nd conclud ed they were reheating. About this time I was joined by Lieutenant Van Camp, U. S. A., and a legnlar sol tier by tho name of Alexander. With these and one Caddo Indian I ran to intercept them, thus becoming sener .ted from the balanco of my force. I soon discovered that the fugitives were women andchildren. Just then, however, another posse of them came along, and as they psse 1 1 dis covered in thoir midst a 1 ttle white cirl, and made the Caddo Indian seize her as she was passing. She wns about eight years of ge ana tecam ba Ily Irigbipned and difficult to manxge when she found herself detained by us. I then discovered, much to my dismay, that about twenty five Comaucho warriors, under cover of the smoke, had cut off my small party of four from communication w th our com rades and wero bearing down upon us. They shot Lieut. Van Camp through the heart, killing him while he was in the act of firing his double barreled gnn. Alexander was noxt shot down end his rifle fell out of his hands. I had a Sharp's rifle, and at tempted to shoot the Indian just as he shot Alexander, but tho cap snapped. Another warrior named Mohee, whom I had often peon at mv lather's camp on the frontier, when he whs Indiau Agent, then seized Alexander's loado 1 gun and shot me through tne lody. I fell upon the side on which my pistol was borne, and, though partially paralyzed by fhe shot, I was endeavoring to turn myself and get my revolver out, whn the Co manche ueare-t me drew out a long bladed butcher-knife and startod to stab and scalp mo. It scenie 1 that my time had certainly come. He made but a lew steps, lowover, when one of his compan ions cried o.tt something in tho Co mancho tongue, nnd they all biokoaway ami lied in confusion. Mohee, the In dian w no shot mo, ran only about twenty steps when he received a Ijad of buckshot tired from a gun in tbe hands of Lieut. James Majors, of the Second Cavalry, U. 8. A., who with a party of soldiers bal oprortnnely come to my rescue. During this desperate melee the Caddo held on io the l.ttU white girl, and doubtless owed bis CUspe to that fact, as the Comanches wef4 afraid if they shot the Caddo they would kill he little girl. This whole scene transpired iu a few minutes, and Van Dorn, although badly wounded, had possession of the entire village, and the surviving Comanches had , fled to th almost impenetrable brushy hilis, leaving their Ural ana their prop erty behind them, consisting of ninety iivo good Indian (being dead Indians1, a number of wouudo l and captives, about four hundred horses, and all the spoils of th-ir camp. Th Texas troops had five killed and several wounded, including Major Van Dorn and myself. My recollection is that Lieut. Van Camp was a protege of lion. Thad Stevens, of Pennsylvania, and bad but lo eutlv come ironi West Point. Ho was a gallant and chivalrous officer, and though at the time in deadly peril xmself. an t entirely bereft of nil 1 hope of escape, I shall never Xorget.tha emotions of horror that seized me when I saw the Indian warrior, standing not live feet away, sen'd his arrow, clear to the feather, into the heart of that noble young officer. No trace of the parntace or kindred of the little girl captive co.uld ever be found, and I adoptod, reared, and educaiod her, giving her the name of Lizzie Poss, the former being in honor of Miss Lizzie Tinsley, the young lady to whom I was then engaged to bo marked, and who has been my wife sinoe May, ltil. Li.z e loz, the csptive girl, grew into a hand some young woman, and married hap. pily, but died a few years Bince at Los Angelos, Cal. Play upon the battle field for five days, unable to be moved, when a litter was constructed aud I was carried on the backs of my faithfnl Caddos ninety miles, to Fort Padziminski. As soon as able I returned to my alma mater, Flor ence (Ala.) W'esleyan University, wTiero'I finished my education, and returned to Texas in lh59. At the poriod of which I write, I was out on vacatiou. For some time after the battle of Wichita the Comanches were less trou blesome to the people of the Texas frontier, but in lo'J and IStV) the condi tion of the frontier was azaiu truly de plorable. The loud and clamorous demands of the settlers induced the State Government to send out a regiment uudor Col. M. T. Johnson for public de fense. The expedftion, thourh of great expehso.to the State, failed to occomplish anything. Having just graduated and returned to my home at Waco, I was commissioned as Captain by Gov. Sam Houston, nnd directeu to organize a com pany of sixU men, with orders to repair to Fort Pelknap, iu Young County, re ceivH trom Col. Johnson all Government property, as his regiment was disbanded, und oiler the frontier such protection as was possible from so small a forco. The neco-isitv for vigorous measures soon became soprensing.however.that 1 de termined to attempt to curb the insolence of thes implacable, hereditary enemies of Texas, who wero gro tly emboldened by tbe small forco left to confront them, anil to i complish this by following them in to their f istnesses. and carry tne wur in to their own homes. I was compelled, iftcr establishing a post, to leave twenty of my men to guard the Government property, and give come show of protec tion to the l'rt.htened settlers, and ns I could t ko but forty of my men I request ed Cat t. X. G. Evans, in command of the United Stales troops at Fort Cooper, to send m- u detachment of the Second United St ites Cavalry. We ha i Peon in timately connected in tho Van Dorn cam paign iu IkVS, during which I was tbe re cipient of much kindness from him while I was sufforing from the severe wound received in tho bsttlo of the Wichita. Ho promptly sent mo a sorgrvaut and twenty well-mounted men, thiS in creasing my force to sixty. My force was still lurther augmeutod by some seventy volunteer citizens, um:er tne, I rave old froutiersman, Cupt. Jack Cure ton, of Posijue County. On Dec. bst;o, whilo marching up Pease Iliver, I had suspicions that In dians were in tho vicinity by reason of tho gro.it number of buff'aio which came running toward us from the north, and while my command movoi in the low ground 1 visited neighboring high points to make discoveries. Ou ouo of those sand hills I found four fresh pony tra ks, aud'being siti-tle l that lur.ian videties had just gone. I gnlloj od forward about a mile to a still higher point, and riding to the top to mv inexpressible &urprie found myself within two hnudred yards of a lare Comanche village, located on n small stream, winding uiound tho base of a hill. It was most happy circum fctaucothnt a cold, pieicingwind fromthe north was blowing, bearing with it clouds of dust and mv presence was thus un observed aud tbe nrpriso complete. Py signaling my men'as I stood concealed they reached me without being discover ed by tho Indians who were busy pack ing up, preparatory to move. Py the time my men reached me the Indians bad mounted and moved off north across the level plain. My command, in cluding the detachment of tho Se -ond Cavalry, bad outmarched ond become separated from ths citizen command of b -venty.'which left me about sixty men. In making disposition for the attack, tne sergeant aud his twenty men were sent at a gallop behind a chain of sandhills to encompass them and cut off tht-ir retreat, whil witn mv forty mon I charged. The attack was so sudden that a large number were killed before they could prepare for defense. O hey lied precipitately right into tho arms of the strgeaut und his twenty men. Hero tbey met w ith a w arm reception, and, finding themselves completely en- ompas-ea, every one fie his own way and was hotly pursued and hard presssd. Tho chief, . a noted warrior of greal ro pate, namca Po-ta-no-co-na. with a young Indian girl about fifteen years of age mounted on bis-horsa behind him. an i Cynthia Anu Parker, his squaw, with a girl child a1 out two years old in her arms aud mounted on a fleet pony, fled together. Lieutenant Tom Kelliheir a. id I pursued tbom, and after running alout a mile Kelliheir ran up by the side of Cynthia Ann's horse, aud supposing her toboaman, w.is in the act of shooting ber when sho held up her child and stopped. I kept on alone at the top of my noro's sped, after the chief, nrud about half a mde fuittior, when within about twenty yards of him, I fired my pistol striking the girl (whom I supposed to bi n man, as she lode like one, and only her head was visit In above the buffalo robe with which she was wrapped) near tho heart, killing her instantly. And the same ball would havo killed both but for the shield of tho chief, which hung down ; covering his back. i When tho girl fell from the horse ' dead, sho pulled tbe chief off also, but he caught on his feet and before steady ing himself my borse, running at full speed, ws nearly upon him, when he sped nu arrow which struck my borse and cant o I him to pitch or "buck," and it was with the greatest difficult' I could keep my saddle, mesntime nairowly es caping several arrows coming in quick succession fiom the chiefs bow. Be ing at such d sadvantage, he undoubtedly would have killed tne but for a random hot from my pistol, while I was cling ing with my bft hand to the pommel of ; my saddlo, which broke his right arm at j the eibow, completely disabling him. My horse then becoming more quiet, I hot the chief twice through the body, whereupon he deliberately walked to a small tree near by, the only one in sight, and, leaning against it, with one arm around it for support, beean to sing a wild, weird song, thto deith-song of the savage. There was a plaintive melody in it which, under fhe dramatic circum stance, rilled my heart with sorrow. At this time my Mexican servant, who htd once been acaptivn with the Coman ches and poke their language as fluent ly h bis mother tongue, came tfp in company with others of my m n. Through him I summoned the chief to surrender, but he piomptly treded every overture with contempt, and signalized his refusal with a savage attempt to thrust me through with his lauce, which he still held in his left hand. I could only look upon him with pity and admiration, for de plorablo as was his situstion, with no possible chance of escape, his army utterly destroyed, hid wife and child captivrs in his sight, he was undaunted by the fate that awaited him, and, as be proferred death to life, I diiected the Mexican to end his misery by a charge of buckshot from the gun which he carried, and the brave savage, who had been so long the scourge and terror of the Tex:in frontier, passed into the laud of shadows and rested with his fathers. Taking up his accoutermenta, which I subsequently delivered to General Sam Houston, as Governor of Texas and Commander-in-chief-of her soldiery, to be deposited in the State archives at Aus tin, we rode back to the ciptive woman, whose identity was then unknown, and found Lieutenant Kellerheir, who was guarding her and her child, latterly cursing himself for having run his pet horse so hard afLcr an "old squaw." She was very dirty and far from attractive in Her scanty garments, ns woll as her per son, but as soon as I looked on her face, I said: "Why! Tom. this is a white woman; Indians do not have blue eyes." On our way to the captured Indian vil lage where our men were assembling with the spoils of battle and a largo cav. alcade of Indian ponies which we had captured, I discovered an Indian boy about nine years old secreted in the tall grass. Expecting to be killed, he began to cry, but I made him mount behind mo and carried him along, taking him to my home at Waco, where he became an obedient member of my family. Whon, in after years, I tried to induce him to return to his people, he refused to go, and died in McLennan County about four years ago. When camped for the night, Cynthia Ann, our then unknown captive, kept crying, and thinking it was caused from tear of death ut our hands, I had the Mexican tell her, in the Comanche lan guage, that wo recognized her as one of our own people and would not harm her. She replied that two of her sons in addi tion to the infant daughter were with her when the fight began, and sne was dis tressed ty the fear that they had been killed. It so happened, however, that both escsped, and one of them Quanah, is now the chief of the Comaucho tribe. The otbor son died somo years ago on the plains. Through my Mexican inter- Iireter I then asked her to give me tho listory of her life with the Indians aud the circumstances attending her capture by them, which she promptly did in a very intelligent manner, and as the facts detailed by her correspond with the massacre at Parker's Fort in 136, 1 was impressed with the be lief that she was Cynthia Ann Parker, lleturning to my post, I sent her and her child to the ladies at Camp Cooper, where she could receive the attention her sex and situation demanded, nnd at tbe same time I dispatched a messenger to Col. Is-ac Parker, her uncle, near Weithorford, Paiker County, named as his memorial, for he was for many yesrs a distinguished Senator in the Congress of tho republic and in the Legislature of the State after annexation. When Col. Parker came to my post I sent the Mexi can with him to Camp Cooper in the capacity of interpreter, and her identity was )oon discovered to Col. Parker's entire satisfaction. She has been a cap tive juBt twenty-four years and seven months, ond ws in her thirty-fourth year when recovered. The lruits of that dmpoitant victory c n never bo computed in dollars and cents. Tho great Comauche confederacy was lorever broken, tho blow was deci sive, their illustrious chief sbspt with his fathers, and with Lint were most of his doughty wairiois, nnny captives were taken, 40 horses, thoir camp equipage, accumulated winter supplies, etc. If 1 could spare time from my official duties, and had pitienee. I could furnish you with many tnrilling incidents never published relating to tho early exploits, trials and sutterings of the pioneers. My father was appointed Indian Acent in InV'i. He had an excellent memory and tr asured thrse until later in life I listen chI by the hour to their recital. I remain, my dear General, sincerely your friend, L. S. Poss. Put little of this sad episode remains to bo told. Cynthia Ann and her infant barbarian wore taken to Austin, the capi tal of tho State. The irnmorUl Sam Houston was Governor, and the Seces sion Convention was in session. She was taken to the State House, where this august body were holding grave discus siou as to the policy of withdrawing from the Federal compact. Cynthia Ann, comprehending not one word, of her mother tongue, concluded it Was a coun cil of mighty chiefs, assembled for the trial of her life, nnd in great alarm tided to make her escape. Her brother, Hon. Dan Parker, w ho resided near Parker s Pluff, Anderson County, was a member of the Legislature from that county and a colleague of this wr ter, who then rep resented the Eleventh Senatorial Dis trict. Colonel Dan Parker took his unhappy sister to his comfortable home, and cs sayed br tho kind offices of tenderness and affection to restore her to the com forts and enjoyments of civilized life, to which she had bren so long a stranger. Put as thorough an Indian iu manner and looks as if she had been native loin, she sought every opportunity to escape snd rejoin her dusky c ompanions, and hud to be constantly ami closely watched. The civil strife then being waged be tween the North and South, between fsthers sons nnd brothers, necessitated tho primitive arts of sj inning aud weav ing, in which she soon becatna an adept, and gradually her mother tongue came b ck, and with it occasional incidents of her childhood. Put the ruling passion of her bosom seemed to be tha maternal instinct, and she cherished the hope that when the cruol war was over she would at last succeed in reclaiming her two sons who were still with the Comanches. Put the Great Spirit had written other wise, and Cynthia Ann and little Prairie Flower were called in ti to tho Spirit .Land, and pearefullv sleep side by aide under the great oak trees on ner brotner plantation ne tr Palestine, Texas. Thus ends the sad story of a woman whose stormy lifo, darkened by au eter-' nal shadow, made ber famed throughout the borders of tbe Imperial Lone StarJ State. When she left it, an unwilling captive, it contained scarce 50,000 peo- Sle. and was distracted by foreign aud omestic war. To-day it contains three millions, and is the abode of reunemeuU CniCAGO IN THE LINKS. GREAT ARMY OF PATRIARCH3 CAPTURE THE CITY. MmVers of the Orlr from All Ovr the Country J'artlrlpute In the rnl Can-tonment-DrllU. I'Mmds. and Other Kx trcltsi Occupy th lHflerent ! orth Week. Chicago telppraui.l Tho freedom ot tne city Is presented to tho great army of Odd Fellows that Is now marching Into It with banners waving and bunds playing. Chicago surrenders to them. The people .know that they havo nothing to fear from this Invasion. They havo pre pared a reception and they extend u wel como. On public and private building aro HyinUtls of hospitality. Although tho Independent Order of Odd Fellows originated In England, It has at tained lt.s great prominence in this country. It Is tho most popular of all our secret societies. It Is In full sympathy with our institutions. Its growth has boon remark able. A town Is no sooner started In a Territory than an Odd Fellows' hall Is erected. ' There will always bo mem bers enough among tho settlors to con stitute :i lodge. This exerts a civilizing In fluence that Is felt beyond Its members. Its ritual Is refining. An Odd Fellows lodge li an excellent school for teaching or- MAJon GENERAL JAMES rKTTIISONE. dor, discipline, nnd parliamentary rules. Many of the best presiding onlcers In both bouses of Congress and In all our State leg islatures havo admitted that they acquired their knowledge of bow to conduct the pro ceedings of deliberate ImhIIcs whilo serving in an Odd Follows' lodge. Tho Lako Park has been turned over to the Odd Fellows during their stay. It will next bo used by tho managers of tho great Columbian Fair. It Is to lo hoped that tho present tenants, who are from almost every btato and Territory and tho various prov inces of Canada, will bo so well pleased with tho place that they will glvo a pood account of It when they return to their homes, and that they will all coiuo back In lb'J'J and go into camp again. Odd Fellows rapture the City. Tho Patriarch Militant with his plumed hat, bright sword, and gay uniform will bo met at every turn on tbe streets of Chicago this week. Sometimes ho will bo seen with bis wife, who Is a Daughter of liebekah. At the next crossing ho will bo met marching behind a band. Down on the Lako Front, whero that long row of raised seats Ikis been bleaching In tho sun for several days, ho will deport himself In military evolu tions. Tho great triennial cantonment be gin this morning. Patriarchs aro flocking LMOAPlEn OKNTEnAL A. J. WOODBCHT. to the city by cantons and divisions from every direction. As usual there has been roublo about railroad rates, and tho arrival of many of tho cantons has been slightly delayed thereby. Nearly every train brought in uniformed bodies of tho order, and hundreds upon hundreds of tho members of tho civil branches. On tho streets men in uniform or men and women wearing Odd Fellow badges were so numerous as to form a largo part of tho throngs that crowded, the down town district. Odd Fellows aro hero from every part of tho Union and from Canada. Lieutenant General l'nderwrd, tho Grand Slro of tho order and tho Commander of tho Patriarchs Militant, has Imparted nuch of his own enthusiasm to tho order, und as a result this will bo ono of tho largest gather ings of any secret order ever held. Ho has sent out over half a million letters and cir culars relative to tho cantonment, und ba.s otherwlso advertised it In a way to roako Parnum look to bis-laurels. This gathering has no leglslatlvo powers or functions. It Is .ono purely for display and to get representatives and member of tho order, together that they may seo bow big an organization they are. Drills, pa rades and contests of merit with adjuncts of a similar character urv tho principal things on tho programme. Tho contests In tho civil branches of tho order began early yesterday and will continue throughout tho week. Hoisting th liags. The lako front ull day was a continual scene of animation. Atnotlmo wero there less than several thousand people on the ground. Tho magnificent view of tho lake" afforded from tho grand stand, as well as a deslro to seo tho drill and parade grounds, brought visiting Odd Fellows und their friends thero throughout tho day. Tho ex ercises on tho lako front wero tho hoUtlng Of the national, Canadian, and militant THEODonE A. nor s. flags. Tho slgnlflcanco of this ceremony was that It was tho offlclal signal that the cantonment bad begun. Each of the flags was raised on a separate saff. A crowd that nearly filled the grand stand was pres ent to witness tho ceremony. Gen. A. C. Coblo, of Covington, Ohio, raised tho Stan and stripes. The Canadian flag was raised by Col. A. II. Kavauagh. of Lynn, Mass,, and Capt. T. Steers, of Chicago, while the militant flag went aloft raised by Gen. S. II. r .o i . v Kelsey, of Atchison, Kan. It was the!-v tentlonto raise all three flags at the Jams' Instant, and the signal for that purpoae was given by Gen. Underwood. Hut Gen. Cable was determined that tho stars and atrlDoa FRANCISCO ULAIB. should go up first, and, as be had bold of tho rope, they did. Preceding and follow ing tho flag-raising a military band played a number of national airs. General Underwood's IHff Job. A few years ago tho Importance and mag nitude of tho Odd Fellows' order wero not adequately appreciated. Not many men outsldo of tho organization had any concep tion of tho fact that It was and Is tho largest civic order on tho globo. Tho grand army of 1.44)0,000 members, while distributed throughout tho length and breadth of thb continent and tho Jlrltlsh Isles, never made their aggregate strength known to outsiders, and tho order, while yielding potent sway over the minds of tho brethren and exercis ing great influence In all matters in an un seen and unfelt way, received no credit fop It by tho world at largo. Theso facts bad long lain dormant in many Odd Fellows minds, but it was General John C. Under wood, tho present Grand SIro of the wbolo order and tho Generalissimo of Its magnifi cent military branch, who changed tho aspect of affairs. Ho it was who, six years ago, organized tho body of militant patriarchs, and It U chiefly duo to his unceasing labors and to his. Indefatigable real that this youngest limb on tho mighty tree of Odd Fellowship has developed so famously, has grown and flourished, until now It nlono presents a strength numerically greater than that of many entlro national organizations of a secret nature Ho has brought about tho v. c. norNDT. w. n. cnooiEiv present triennial cantonment ot this body mllrtant of tho order, and ho It is to whom the success of tho whftfo gigantic undertak ing will bo dno above art. How enormous) a task General Underwood loaded on hU own shoulders can best bo appreciated by tho members of tho order. Tno prepara tions for tho holding of tho present con clave bgan six months ago. Ily his own persistent and entirely unaided efforts) General UndeTwood began as a first pre liminary negotiations with tho various) railroad companies whoso Uno9 point, to Chicago as their center. Theso negotiations wero so eminently successful that a saving of from $50,000 to $73,000 was effected In rebates and reduced rates for members of tho order now In town or hasten ing hither on wings of steam. Tho General' efforts, In fact, were phenomenally effective. This Is best soon by tho fact that ho ob tained special rates so advantageous that they aro probably tho lowest ever granted by largo railroads. From Itoston and re turn tho faro was reduced to $13 about one-third tho regular fare, and for return tickets from New York ami all other point along tho Atlantic seaboard tho rate Is only S10. Theso prices, of course, only bold good, for organized bodies of Odd Fellows, but even for Individual tickets an allowance so largo was obtained that tho faro was re duced to an averago of less than one-halt. Having thus fully covered tho preliminaries General Underwood camo from bis Ken tucky homo to Chicago and went Into per manent headquarters on tho ninth floor of tho Pullman Ihilldlng. That was two months ago, and from that tlmo on he ba worked und tdaved all through the terribly GEaTncDE a. scnwAnz, noble oravd of floha I.ODOE, OltDEIt OK lit BEE. AH. trying beat of tho summer organizing tho other work that yet remained to bo dono before tho mammoth cantonment could bo come a success. A Man Who Has the Crip Adjutant General Frost Is ono of the most attractivo figures at tho cantonment, and of course ho Is ono of tho busiest and most important officer. General Frost Is a Massachusetts man, but has not roldcd there for years, as ho has slnco iss."i devoted all bis tlmo to tho work of tho Patriarchs Militant, which order bo assisted in found ing. "Wo began in Italtlmore," be said, with thirty swords, and now wo havo twenty brigades, sixty regiments and flvo hundred cantons." General Frost Is a most enthusiastic Patriarch, and In bis claborato militant uniform Is decidedly picturesque. Though not a tall man bis cocked bat with Its war. Ing plume makes him appear so. Ho has a military carriago which Is borno out by a brusque, commanding voice, nnd bo utter his commands to tho thousands In a trua military air. At an earlier period tho Gen eral has had black hair and a largo black mustache, but theso havo changed from black to gray, and the mustacho Is almost white. Ho is well qualified for tho position ho holds In tho patriarchs. Ho was In tho war from start to finish, and carried fronv tho second Hull Kun field a broken Jaw. Ho ha been In active military llfo slnco 1539, and yet tho General is a young man In ap pearancc. Laboti oonqners all things, cToa tho man "who tries to do it.