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The true northerner. [volume] (Paw Paw, Mich.) 1855-1920, August 13, 1890, Image 6

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CYNTHIA ANN PARKER.
A Tragic Episode of Early Life in
Texas.
IJY GUN. GKOKGK 1. Al 1 OKI).
In 1633 a small colony vao formed in
Illinoii, inoved to the then Mexican
province of Texas, and tattled in a bean,
tiful and fertile region on the Navasot
lUver, about two miles from the present
city of Uroesbeck, the county seat of
Limestone County. The colony consisted
of nine families, of whicu Klder John
l'arker was the patriarchal bead; his
aged wife; their son James "V. Parker,
his wife and four single childien; their
inerrie 1 daughter lUihel and her hus
band, J. H. 8. riummer. and iuf ttnt son
fifteen months obi; another married
daughter. Sarah, snd her husband, L. I).
Nixon; Silns M. Parker (another sou of
Klder John), his wifo and four children;
Ken 1). Parker (another son of Elder
John), unmarried; Mrs. Nixon, Sr.,
mother of Mrs. John W. Parker; Mrs.
Klizabelh Kellogg, another daughter 'of
Mrs. Nixon, Sr.; Mr. Duty; Sam M.
Frost, his wife and two children; Geo.
C. Dwight, his wife end two children; in
all thirty-four persons.
They orected a Mock-house, which wns
known as Fort Porker, for protection
against the assault of hostile Iudiaus.
This structure was made of solid logs,
closely knit together and hewed down so
as to make a compact, perfect squsro,
without openings ot any kiud until it
reached a height of ten or twolvo feet,
when the structure widened on each hide,
forming a projection impossible to climb.
The lower story, reached only by an in
terior ladder, whs used as a place of
-etoraga for-provisions. The upper story
was divided into two large rooms, with
portholes for the use of guns, which
rooms were used as liing rooms, and
reached only by a ladder from the out--side,
which was pubed up at night, after
the occupants had ascended, making a
afo fortification against a re sonable
force, unless assailel by tire. Thee
hardy sons of toil tillo 1 their adjacent
fields by day, always taking their arms
with them, ond retired to tho fort at
night. Sui cess crowned their labors, ond
they were rrosperous and happy.
On tho morning of Mny is, lsV., the
men, unconscious of impending dancer,
loft as usual for their field, a m le dis
tnnt. Scarcely had they left the in
closure when tha fort was attacked by
about seven hundrod Comnnchos ind
Kiowas, who woro waiting in ambush. A
Gallant and most lesoluto defense was
made, many savages being sent by swift
bullets to their "happy hunting ground."
but it was impossible 10 stem the tenibla
assault, and J-'oit Parker fell. Thou be
gan tbe carnival of doith. Elder John
Parker, Silas M. Patker. Pen F. d'arker,
Sam M. Fro6t and llobert Frost were
killed and scalped in the presence of
their horror-stricken families. Mr. John
l'arker, Granny Parker and Mrs. Duty
wero dangerously woun led and loft for
dead, aud the following wero carried into
a captivity worse than death: Mrs.
Kachel l'lummer. Jns. Pratt, Plummer,
her two year old son; Mrs. Elizabeth Kel
logg, Cynthia Ann Parker, nine years
old, and ber little brother John, nged bix;
ooth children of Silas M. Parker.
The remainder of the colony mode their
escape, and after incredible suffering,
teing forced even to the dire necessity of
eating skunks to save the:r lives, tbey
reached Fort Houston, now tho re-ilencj
of Judge John 11. Keagan, United States
Senator, about three iuilo from the
present city of Palestine, in Anderson
County, where they obtained prompt
succor, and a relief p.irty buried thoir
dead.
Wo will now attempt briefly, to follow
the fortunes of the poor captives. The
tirt nigtit ufter tho nussacre tho savages
camped on an open prairie, near a water
hole, staked tLoir horses, pitched their
camp and throw out their videttes. 1 hen
they brought out thMr prisoners nd
stripped them and tied their hands be
hind them, aud their feet closely together
with rawhide thongs, so tightly as to cut
the flesh, threw them upon their facas
aud the braves gathering aiound with tho
yot bloody dripping scalps of their mar
tyred kindred, began the r usual war
dance, alternately dancing, screaming,
yelling, stamping upoa their helpless vic
tims, beating their naked bod;os with
bows aud arrows until the i'owiug blood
almost strangled them. These orgies
continued at intervals througu the ter
rible niht, which soeined to havo no
vid, these frail womon suffering and om
j pUed to listen to the cry of their tender
i 'ittlo children.
I .Mr'. Kellogg, more fortunate than the
"Others', Bion fell into tho hands of tho
Kecchi Indians, who, six months later
Hold her to the Delawnres, who carried
ber to Nacogdoches, where this writer
then lived, a small child with his par-,
cnts. Here she was ransomed for 1.")
by General Sam Houston, who piomptly
restored her to her kindred.
Mr. Itacbel Plummer lemained a captive
for eighteen mouths, suffering untold
-agonies and indignities, when she was
ransomed by a Santa Fe trader named
"William Donahue, who soon ufter es
vorted her to Independence, Mo., from
whence she finally made her way back to
Texas, arriving Feb. 19, IS 38. Her son,
James Pratt l'lummer, after remaining a
pr soner six jears, was rancomed at Fort
Oibson, and reached his homo in Tex us
in February. then agd ears.
During Mrs. Plummer's captivity she
a:uin became a mother. When her child
was i months old. finding it nu impedi
ment to tho menial labors imposed upon
her as a slave, a Comanche warrior forci
bly tcok it from hor arms, tied a lariat
around its bodv, and, mounting his horse,
dragged the inf nt at fill speed around
the enmp in sight of the agonized mother
until life was extinct, when its mangled
romains were tossed back into her lap
with savage demonstrations of delight,
ftuch atrocities have forced mo to the
belief that "all good Indians are dead In
dians." This leaves of the sorrowing captives
only CynthU Ann Parker and her little
4rothor John, l years of ae, each held
by sepsrate banc's. John grew up to
athletic young manhood, married a beau
tiful night-cyod young Mexican captive,
Donna Juaniti Esjinosa, escaped from
the savages, or was released by them,
joined the Confol.rato nrmy under Gen.
II. 1. Pee, becauio noted for his gallantry
And daring, and at latent occounts was
leading a happy, contented pastoral life
s a rauchero on the Western Llano Es
tnc.ido of Texas.
CYNTHIA ANN F ATtKEIt.
Four long and anxious verrs have
passed since Cynthia Ann l'arker was
taken fiom her weeping mother's arms,
during which no tidings had been re
ceived from her anxious family, when, in
J8K Col. Len Williams, an oid and hon
ored Texan, Mr. htout. a trader, and Jack
21 ny, a Delaware Indian guide, packed
mules with goods and ccgigod in an ex
pedition of private traffic with the In
rl aas. On the Canadian IUver they fell
in with Pahanka's band of Comanches,
with whom they wtre peaceably con
srersant. Cjnthia,Ann Parker was with this
tribe, and from the duy of her capture
had never beheld a white porson. Colo
nel Willatus proposed to redeem hr
from the old Comanche who held her
in bondage, but the nefceness of his
countenance warned him of the danger
of further mentioning the subject. He,
however, permitted her, reluctantly, to
'sit at the root of a trco, and while their
presence was doubtless a happy event to
the poor stricken captive, who in her
doleful cnptivjty had endured everything
but death, she refused tospeik one word.
As she eat there, musing perh ips of
distant relatives and friends, her be
reavement at the beginning aud progress
of hor distress, they employed every
jorsussivo art to evoho from her some
expression of her feelings. Thy told
her ot her relatives and her playmates,
and asked wh t mossage of lovo she
would send them, but she had been com
manded to sdence, nnd with no hope of
release was afraid to apt ear sad or de
jected, and by a stoical effort controlled
her emotion", lest the terrors of her cap
tivity should bo increased. Put the ani
iety of her mind was betrayed by the
quiver of her lips, showing that she wa
not insensible to tho common feelings of
humanity.
As the years rolled by Cynthia Ann de
veloped the charms of captivating
womanhood, and the hearts of more than
one duskv warrior ws pierced by the
Ulyssean darts of her laughing eyes and
the ripple of her silver voice, and laid
at her feet the trophies of the chase.
Among the number whom her budding
charms brought to her shrine was l'e-ta-to-co-na,
a redoubtable Comanche wur
chief, in prowess and renown the peer of
the famous "Pig Foot," who fell in a des
perate ban 1-to-baud combat with the no
less famous Tean Indian-lighter. Cap
tain Shapley P. .loss, of Wco, the illus
trious father of the snll moro distinguish
ed son. General Sol 1'oss, now serving
his second term as Governor of Texas,
from whom and his heroic father many of
the details of this narrative were obtain
ed. It is a remarkable and happy co
incidence that the son, emulating the
father's contagious deeds of valor and
prowess, afterward in single combat in
tho valley of the Wichita, forever put to
rest the brave and knightly Pe-ta-no-co-na.
Cynthia Ann. stranger now to every
word of her mother tonjue, save only her
childhood mme, became the bri le of tho
brown warrior Pe-ts-riO-co-na, bore him
three children, and loved him with tierce
pission nnd wifely devotion, evidenced
by the fact that fifteen yers after her
capture a partv of huntors, including
friends of her family, visited tho Co
manche encampmeu'. on the Upper Can
ruian llher. and recognizing Cnthia
Ann through the medium of her name,
endeavored to in luc er to return to bor
kindred ml th abode of civilization.
She shook her head in a sorrowful nega
Xxsa, and, point n; to hor little naked
barijnrians sportin.' at her feet ond to the
great lazy chief sleM ing in the shade
uoar by, tho lock of u scoro of fio-h
scalps dan .din -at his bolt, replied:
I am nap; ily wh ided; I lose my hus
band aud mv litlle ones, who are his,
too, rnd I cannot forstko thorn."
nrCAl'lTHE OF CYNTHIA ANN' rAHKEK
Vt -TA-NC.CO-NA.
This I rilliant aib evemeut rnd th
thrilling events which pr-ce hl it, can
l est be to d in the graphic language of
tha hero who accomplished it, Geuerjl
Lawrence Sullivan Jloss, Gov rnor of
Texas ul I th refcrj nj p.nd his mod
est letter:
K crcrnvF. 0:tii k,
Arsnv. TVxan, AprU 8, 1SJ). i"
Oon. Oro. Alfonl. lal!a, Texas:
M.Y Deak Gkni:hal: In response to
your request, I herewith inclose you my
reco lections, after a lapse of thirty ye irs,
of tne events to which yon refor:
la l5s, Major Earle Van Dorn, with
the Se.onl Cavalry, I'. S. A., one com
pany of inf;'.utr to guard his de;ot of
supplies, and 1155 frimlly Indians un ler
my command, made a huccessful cam
lai0rn iig liust tlo Comanches, ami bya
series of well-directed I lows, inflicted
terrible punishment uron them. On the
Uioruing of Octobjr 1, ls. we came in
sight of a large Ju lian villago on tho
waters of the Wichita lliver near what is
now known i s Fort Sill, in the Indian
Territory. They wero not apprehensive
of an attack and most of them were still
asleep. Mfjor Van Dorn directed me, at
tho head of my Indians to churgo down
the line of their lodges or tents, ctit off
thoir horses and run tbom bnck on the
hill. This was quickly accomplished.
Van Dorn then charged the village, strik
it at the upper end, as it stretched along
ft I'Oggy branch. After placing about
thirty-nvo of my Indians as a guard
around the Comnrhe horses, some 100
in number, I cnxrgod with tho balance of
my Indian forca into the lower end of
the village.
The morning was very foggy and after
a few minutes of tiring the smoke and
fog became so dense that objects at but a
short distance cuild bo distinguished
only with great difficulty, 'ihe Coman
ches fought with reat desperation, as all
they possessed whh in imminent peril.
Shortly nfier the engtgement becanfe
general, I discovered a number of Co
manches running down the branch, about
i.0 y.trds from the villagj, nd conclud
ed they were reheating. About this time
I was joined by Lieutenant Van Camp,
U. S. A., and a legnlar sol tier by tho
name of Alexander. With these and one
Caddo Indian I ran to intercept them,
thus becoming sener .ted from the balanco
of my force. I soon discovered that the
fugitives were women andchildren. Just
then, however, another posse of them
came along, and as they psse 1 1 dis
covered in thoir midst a 1 ttle white cirl,
and made the Caddo Indian seize her as
she was passing. She wns about eight
years of ge ana tecam ba Ily Irigbipned
and difficult to manxge when she found
herself detained by us. I then discovered,
much to my dismay, that about twenty
five Comaucho warriors, under cover of
the smoke, had cut off my small party of
four from communication w th our com
rades and wero bearing down upon us.
They shot Lieut. Van Camp through the
heart, killing him while he was
in the act of firing his double
barreled gnn. Alexander was noxt shot
down end his rifle fell out of his
hands. I had a Sharp's rifle, and at
tempted to shoot the Indian just as he
shot Alexander, but tho cap snapped.
Another warrior named Mohee, whom I
had often peon at mv lather's camp on
the frontier, when he whs Indiau Agent,
then seized Alexander's loado 1 gun and
shot me through tne lody. I fell upon
the side on which my pistol was borne,
and, though partially paralyzed by fhe
shot, I was endeavoring to turn myself
and get my revolver out, whn the Co
manche ueare-t me drew out a long
bladed butcher-knife and startod to stab
and scalp mo. It scenie 1 that my time
had certainly come. He made but a lew
steps, lowover, when one of his compan
ions cried o.tt something in tho Co
mancho tongue, nnd they all biokoaway
ami lied in confusion. Mohee, the In
dian w no shot mo, ran only about twenty
steps when he received a Ijad of buckshot
tired from a gun in tbe hands of Lieut.
James Majors, of the Second Cavalry,
U. 8. A., who with a party of soldiers
bal oprortnnely come to my rescue.
During this desperate melee the Caddo
held on io the l.ttU white girl, and
doubtless owed bis CUspe to that fact, as
the Comanches wef4 afraid if they shot
the Caddo they would kill he little girl.
This whole scene transpired iu a few
minutes, and Van Dorn, although badly
wounded, had possession of the entire
village, and the surviving Comanches had
, fled to th almost impenetrable brushy
hilis, leaving their Ural ana their prop
erty behind them, consisting of ninety
iivo good Indian (being dead Indians1, a
number of wouudo l and captives, about
four hundred horses, and all the spoils of
th-ir camp.
Th Texas troops had five killed and
several wounded, including Major Van
Dorn and myself. My recollection is
that Lieut. Van Camp was a protege of
lion. Thad Stevens, of Pennsylvania,
and bad but lo eutlv come ironi West
Point. Ho was a gallant and chivalrous
officer, and though at the time in deadly
peril xmself. an t entirely bereft of nil
1 hope of escape, I shall never Xorget.tha
emotions of horror that seized me when
I saw the Indian warrior, standing not
live feet away, sen'd his arrow, clear to
the feather, into the heart of that noble
young officer.
No trace of the parntace or kindred of
the little girl captive co.uld ever be found,
and I adoptod, reared, and educaiod her,
giving her the name of Lizzie Poss, the
former being in honor of Miss Lizzie
Tinsley, the young lady to whom I was
then engaged to bo marked, and who has
been my wife sinoe May, ltil. Li.z e
loz, the csptive girl, grew into a hand
some young woman, and married hap.
pily, but died a few years Bince at Los
Angelos, Cal.
Play upon the battle field for five days,
unable to be moved, when a litter was
constructed aud I was carried on the
backs of my faithfnl Caddos ninety
miles, to Fort Padziminski. As soon as
able I returned to my alma mater, Flor
ence (Ala.) W'esleyan University, wTiero'I
finished my education, and returned to
Texas in lh59. At the poriod of which I
write, I was out on vacatiou.
For some time after the battle of
Wichita the Comanches were less trou
blesome to the people of the Texas
frontier, but in lo'J and IStV) the condi
tion of the frontier was azaiu truly de
plorable. The loud and clamorous
demands of the settlers induced the
State Government to send out a regiment
uudor Col. M. T. Johnson for public de
fense. The expedftion, thourh of great
expehso.to the State, failed to occomplish
anything. Having just graduated and
returned to my home at Waco, I was
commissioned as Captain by Gov. Sam
Houston, nnd directeu to organize a com
pany of sixU men, with orders to repair
to Fort Pelknap, iu Young County, re
ceivH trom Col. Johnson all Government
property, as his regiment was disbanded,
und oiler the frontier such protection as
was possible from so small a forco.
The neco-isitv for vigorous measures
soon became soprensing.however.that 1 de
termined to attempt to curb the insolence
of thes implacable, hereditary enemies of
Texas, who wero gro tly emboldened by
tbe small forco left to confront them, anil
to i complish this by following them in
to their f istnesses. and carry tne wur in
to their own homes. I was compelled,
iftcr establishing a post, to leave twenty
of my men to guard the Government
property, and give come show of protec
tion to the l'rt.htened settlers, and ns I
could t ko but forty of my men I request
ed Cat t. X. G. Evans, in command of the
United Stales troops at Fort Cooper, to
send m- u detachment of the Second
United St ites Cavalry. We ha i Peon in
timately connected in tho Van Dorn cam
paign iu IkVS, during which I was tbe re
cipient of much kindness from him
while I was sufforing from the severe
wound received in tho bsttlo of the
Wichita. Ho promptly sent mo a sorgrvaut
and twenty well-mounted men, thiS in
creasing my force to sixty. My force
was still lurther augmeutod by some
seventy volunteer citizens, um:er tne,
I rave old froutiersman, Cupt. Jack Cure
ton, of Posijue County.
On Dec. bst;o, whilo marching up
Pease Iliver, I had suspicions that In
dians were in tho vicinity by reason of
tho gro.it number of buff'aio which came
running toward us from the north, and
while my command movoi in the low
ground 1 visited neighboring high points
to make discoveries. Ou ouo of those
sand hills I found four fresh pony tra ks,
aud'being siti-tle l that lur.ian videties
had just gone. I gnlloj od forward about
a mile to a still higher point, and riding
to the top to mv inexpressible &urprie
found myself within two hnudred yards
of a lare Comanche village, located on n
small stream, winding uiound tho base
of a hill. It was most happy circum
fctaucothnt a cold, pieicingwind fromthe
north was blowing, bearing with it clouds
of dust and mv presence was thus un
observed aud tbe nrpriso complete. Py
signaling my men'as I stood concealed
they reached me without being discover
ed by tho Indians who were busy pack
ing up, preparatory to move.
Py the time my men reached me the
Indians bad mounted and moved off north
across the level plain. My command, in
cluding the detachment of tho Se -ond
Cavalry, bad outmarched ond become
separated from ths citizen command of
b -venty.'which left me about sixty men.
In making disposition for the attack, tne
sergeant aud his twenty men were sent at
a gallop behind a chain of sandhills to
encompass them and cut off tht-ir retreat,
whil witn mv forty mon I charged. The
attack was so sudden that a large number
were killed before they could prepare for
defense. O hey lied precipitately right into
tho arms of the strgeaut und his twenty
men. Hero tbey met w ith a w arm reception,
and, finding themselves completely en-
ompas-ea, every one fie his own way
and was hotly pursued and hard presssd.
Tho chief, . a noted warrior of greal ro
pate, namca Po-ta-no-co-na. with a young
Indian girl about fifteen years of age
mounted on bis-horsa behind him. an i
Cynthia Anu Parker, his squaw, with a
girl child a1 out two years old in her
arms aud mounted on a fleet pony, fled
together. Lieutenant Tom Kelliheir a. id
I pursued tbom, and after running alout
a mile Kelliheir ran up by the side of
Cynthia Ann's horse, aud supposing her
toboaman, w.is in the act of shooting
ber when sho held up her child and
stopped. I kept on alone at the top of
my noro's sped, after the chief, nrud
about half a mde fuittior, when within
about twenty yards of him, I fired my pistol
striking the girl (whom I supposed to bi
n man, as she lode like one, and only her
head was visit In above the buffalo robe
with which she was wrapped) near tho
heart, killing her instantly. And the
same ball would havo killed both but for
the shield of tho chief, which hung down
; covering his back.
i When tho girl fell from the horse
' dead, sho pulled tbe chief off also, but
he caught on his feet and before steady
ing himself my borse, running at full
speed, ws nearly upon him, when he
sped nu arrow which struck my borse
and cant o I him to pitch or "buck," and
it was with the greatest difficult' I could
keep my saddle, mesntime nairowly es
caping several arrows coming in quick
succession fiom the chiefs bow. Be
ing at such d sadvantage, he undoubtedly
would have killed tne but for a random
hot from my pistol, while I was cling
ing with my bft hand to the pommel of
; my saddlo, which broke his right arm at
j the eibow, completely disabling him.
My horse then becoming more quiet, I
hot the chief twice through the body,
whereupon he deliberately walked to a
small tree near by, the only one in sight,
and, leaning against it, with one arm
around it for support, beean to sing a
wild, weird song, thto deith-song of the
savage. There was a plaintive melody
in it which, under fhe dramatic circum
stance, rilled my heart with sorrow.
At this time my Mexican servant, who
htd once been acaptivn with the Coman
ches and poke their language as fluent
ly h bis mother tongue, came tfp in
company with others of my m n. Through
him I summoned the chief to surrender,
but he piomptly treded every overture
with contempt, and signalized his refusal
with a savage attempt to thrust me
through with his lauce, which he still held
in his left hand. I could only look upon
him with pity and admiration, for de
plorablo as was his situstion, with no
possible chance of escape, his army utterly
destroyed, hid wife and child captivrs in
his sight, he was undaunted by the fate
that awaited him, and, as be proferred
death to life, I diiected the Mexican to
end his misery by a charge of buckshot
from the gun which he carried, and the
brave savage, who had been so long the
scourge and terror of the Tex:in frontier,
passed into the laud of shadows and
rested with his fathers.
Taking up his accoutermenta, which I
subsequently delivered to General Sam
Houston, as Governor of Texas and
Commander-in-chief-of her soldiery, to
be deposited in the State archives at Aus
tin, we rode back to the ciptive woman,
whose identity was then unknown, and
found Lieutenant Kellerheir, who was
guarding her and her child, latterly
cursing himself for having run his pet
horse so hard afLcr an "old squaw." She
was very dirty and far from attractive in
Her scanty garments, ns woll as her per
son, but as soon as I looked on her face,
I said: "Why! Tom. this is a white
woman; Indians do not have blue eyes."
On our way to the captured Indian vil
lage where our men were assembling
with the spoils of battle and a largo cav.
alcade of Indian ponies which we had
captured, I discovered an Indian boy
about nine years old secreted in the tall
grass. Expecting to be killed, he began
to cry, but I made him mount behind mo
and carried him along, taking him to my
home at Waco, where he became an
obedient member of my family. Whon,
in after years, I tried to induce him to
return to his people, he refused to go,
and died in McLennan County about four
years ago.
When camped for the night, Cynthia
Ann, our then unknown captive, kept
crying, and thinking it was caused from
tear of death ut our hands, I had the
Mexican tell her, in the Comanche lan
guage, that wo recognized her as one of
our own people and would not harm her.
She replied that two of her sons in addi
tion to the infant daughter were with her
when the fight began, and sne was dis
tressed ty the fear that they had been
killed. It so happened, however, that
both escsped, and one of them Quanah,
is now the chief of the Comaucho tribe.
The otbor son died somo years ago on
the plains. Through my Mexican inter-
Iireter I then asked her to give me tho
listory of her life with the Indians aud
the circumstances attending her capture
by them, which she promptly did in a
very intelligent manner, and as the
facts detailed by her correspond
with the massacre at Parker's
Fort in 136, 1 was impressed with the be
lief that she was Cynthia Ann Parker,
lleturning to my post, I sent her and her
child to the ladies at Camp Cooper,
where she could receive the attention her
sex and situation demanded, nnd at tbe
same time I dispatched a messenger to
Col. Is-ac Parker, her uncle, near
Weithorford, Paiker County, named as
his memorial, for he was for many yesrs
a distinguished Senator in the Congress
of tho republic and in the Legislature of
the State after annexation. When Col.
Parker came to my post I sent the Mexi
can with him to Camp Cooper in the
capacity of interpreter, and her identity
was )oon discovered to Col. Parker's
entire satisfaction. She has been a cap
tive juBt twenty-four years and seven
months, ond ws in her thirty-fourth
year when recovered.
The lruits of that dmpoitant victory
c n never bo computed in dollars and
cents. Tho great Comauche confederacy
was lorever broken, tho blow was deci
sive, their illustrious chief sbspt with his
fathers, and with Lint were most of his
doughty wairiois, nnny captives were
taken, 40 horses, thoir camp equipage,
accumulated winter supplies, etc.
If 1 could spare time from my official
duties, and had pitienee. I could furnish
you with many tnrilling incidents never
published relating to tho early exploits,
trials and sutterings of the pioneers. My
father was appointed Indian Acent in
InV'i. He had an excellent memory and
tr asured thrse until later in life I listen
chI by the hour to their recital. I remain,
my dear General, sincerely your friend,
L. S. Poss.
Put little of this sad episode remains
to bo told. Cynthia Ann and her infant
barbarian wore taken to Austin, the capi
tal of tho State. The irnmorUl Sam
Houston was Governor, and the Seces
sion Convention was in session. She
was taken to the State House, where this
august body were holding grave discus
siou as to the policy of withdrawing
from the Federal compact. Cynthia Ann,
comprehending not one word, of her
mother tongue, concluded it Was a coun
cil of mighty chiefs, assembled for the
trial of her life, nnd in great alarm tided
to make her escape. Her brother, Hon.
Dan Parker, w ho resided near Parker s
Pluff, Anderson County, was a member
of the Legislature from that county and
a colleague of this wr ter, who then rep
resented the Eleventh Senatorial Dis
trict. Colonel Dan Parker took his unhappy
sister to his comfortable home, and cs
sayed br tho kind offices of tenderness
and affection to restore her to the com
forts and enjoyments of civilized life, to
which she had bren so long a stranger.
Put as thorough an Indian iu manner
and looks as if she had been native loin,
she sought every opportunity to escape
snd rejoin her dusky c ompanions, and hud
to be constantly ami closely watched.
The civil strife then being waged be
tween the North and South, between
fsthers sons nnd brothers, necessitated
tho primitive arts of sj inning aud weav
ing, in which she soon becatna an adept,
and gradually her mother tongue came
b ck, and with it occasional incidents of
her childhood. Put the ruling passion
of her bosom seemed to be tha maternal
instinct, and she cherished the hope that
when the cruol war was over she would
at last succeed in reclaiming her two
sons who were still with the Comanches.
Put the Great Spirit had written other
wise, and Cynthia Ann and little Prairie
Flower were called in ti to tho Spirit
.Land, and pearefullv sleep side by aide
under the great oak trees on ner brotner
plantation ne tr Palestine, Texas.
Thus ends the sad story of a woman
whose stormy lifo, darkened by au eter-'
nal shadow, made ber famed throughout
the borders of tbe Imperial Lone StarJ
State. When she left it, an unwilling
captive, it contained scarce 50,000 peo-
Sle. and was distracted by foreign aud
omestic war. To-day it contains three
millions, and is the abode of reunemeuU
CniCAGO IN THE LINKS.
GREAT ARMY OF PATRIARCH3
CAPTURE THE CITY.
MmVers of the Orlr from All Ovr the
Country J'artlrlpute In the rnl Can-tonment-DrllU.
I'Mmds. and Other Kx
trcltsi Occupy th lHflerent ! orth
Week.
Chicago telppraui.l
Tho freedom ot tne city Is presented to
tho great army of Odd Fellows that Is now
marching Into It with banners waving and
bunds playing. Chicago surrenders to them.
The people .know that they havo nothing to
fear from this Invasion. They havo pre
pared a reception and they extend u wel
como. On public and private building aro
HyinUtls of hospitality.
Although tho Independent Order of Odd
Fellows originated In England, It has at
tained lt.s great prominence in this country.
It Is tho most popular of all our secret
societies. It Is In full sympathy with our
institutions. Its growth has boon remark
able. A town Is no sooner started In a
Territory than an Odd Fellows' hall Is
erected. ' There will always bo mem
bers enough among tho settlors to con
stitute :i lodge. This exerts a civilizing In
fluence that Is felt beyond Its members.
Its ritual Is refining. An Odd Fellows
lodge li an excellent school for teaching or-
MAJon GENERAL JAMES rKTTIISONE.
dor, discipline, nnd parliamentary rules.
Many of the best presiding onlcers In both
bouses of Congress and In all our State leg
islatures havo admitted that they acquired
their knowledge of bow to conduct the pro
ceedings of deliberate ImhIIcs whilo serving
in an Odd Follows' lodge.
Tho Lako Park has been turned over to
the Odd Fellows during their stay. It will
next bo used by tho managers of tho great
Columbian Fair. It Is to lo hoped that tho
present tenants, who are from almost every
btato and Territory and tho various prov
inces of Canada, will bo so well pleased
with tho place that they will glvo a pood
account of It when they return to their
homes, and that they will all coiuo back In
lb'J'J and go into camp again.
Odd Fellows rapture the City.
Tho Patriarch Militant with his plumed
hat, bright sword, and gay uniform will bo
met at every turn on tbe streets of Chicago
this week. Sometimes ho will bo seen with
bis wife, who Is a Daughter of liebekah. At
the next crossing ho will bo met marching
behind a band. Down on the Lako Front,
whero that long row of raised seats Ikis
been bleaching In tho sun for several days,
ho will deport himself In military evolu
tions. Tho great triennial cantonment be
gin this morning. Patriarchs aro flocking
LMOAPlEn OKNTEnAL A. J. WOODBCHT.
to the city by cantons and divisions from
every direction. As usual there has been
roublo about railroad rates, and tho arrival
of many of tho cantons has been slightly
delayed thereby.
Nearly every train brought in uniformed
bodies of tho order, and hundreds upon
hundreds of tho members of tho civil
branches. On tho streets men in uniform
or men and women wearing Odd Fellow
badges were so numerous as to form a largo
part of tho throngs that crowded, the down
town district. Odd Fellows aro hero from
every part of tho Union and from Canada.
Lieutenant General l'nderwrd, tho Grand
Slro of tho order and tho Commander of tho
Patriarchs Militant, has Imparted nuch of
his own enthusiasm to tho order, und as a
result this will bo ono of tho largest gather
ings of any secret order ever held. Ho has
sent out over half a million letters and cir
culars relative to tho cantonment, und ba.s
otherwlso advertised it In a way to roako
Parnum look to bis-laurels.
This gathering has no leglslatlvo powers
or functions. It Is .ono purely for display
and to get representatives and member of
tho order, together that they may seo bow
big an organization they are. Drills, pa
rades and contests of merit with adjuncts
of a similar character urv tho principal
things on tho programme. Tho contests In
tho civil branches of tho order began early
yesterday and will continue throughout tho
week.
Hoisting th liags.
The lako front ull day was a continual
scene of animation. Atnotlmo wero there
less than several thousand people on the
ground. Tho magnificent view of tho lake"
afforded from tho grand stand, as well as a
deslro to seo tho drill and parade grounds,
brought visiting Odd Fellows und their
friends thero throughout tho day. Tho ex
ercises on tho lako front wero tho hoUtlng
Of the national, Canadian, and militant
THEODonE A. nor s.
flags. Tho slgnlflcanco of this ceremony
was that It was tho offlclal signal that the
cantonment bad begun. Each of the flags
was raised on a separate saff. A crowd
that nearly filled the grand stand was pres
ent to witness tho ceremony. Gen. A. C.
Coblo, of Covington, Ohio, raised tho Stan
and stripes. The Canadian flag was raised
by Col. A. II. Kavauagh. of Lynn, Mass,,
and Capt. T. Steers, of Chicago, while the
militant flag went aloft raised by Gen. S. II.
r .o i . v
Kelsey, of Atchison, Kan. It was the!-v
tentlonto raise all three flags at the Jams'
Instant, and the signal for that purpoae was
given by Gen. Underwood. Hut Gen. Cable
was determined that tho stars and atrlDoa
FRANCISCO ULAIB.
should go up first, and, as be had bold of
tho rope, they did. Preceding and follow
ing tho flag-raising a military band played
a number of national airs.
General Underwood's IHff Job.
A few years ago tho Importance and mag
nitude of tho Odd Fellows' order wero not
adequately appreciated. Not many men
outsldo of tho organization had any concep
tion of tho fact that It was and Is tho largest
civic order on tho globo. Tho grand army
of 1.44)0,000 members, while distributed
throughout tho length and breadth of thb
continent and tho Jlrltlsh Isles, never made
their aggregate strength known to outsiders,
and tho order, while yielding potent sway
over the minds of tho brethren and exercis
ing great influence In all matters in an un
seen and unfelt way, received no credit fop
It by tho world at largo. Theso facts bad
long lain dormant in many Odd Fellows
minds, but it was General John C. Under
wood, tho present Grand SIro of the wbolo
order and tho Generalissimo of Its magnifi
cent military branch, who changed tho
aspect of affairs.
Ho it was who, six years ago, organized
tho body of militant patriarchs, and It U
chiefly duo to his unceasing labors and to
his. Indefatigable real that this youngest
limb on tho mighty tree of Odd Fellowship
has developed so famously, has grown and
flourished, until now It nlono presents a
strength numerically greater than that of
many entlro national organizations of a
secret nature Ho has brought about tho
v. c. norNDT. w. n. cnooiEiv
present triennial cantonment ot this body
mllrtant of tho order, and ho It is to whom
the success of tho whftfo gigantic undertak
ing will bo dno above art. How enormous)
a task General Underwood loaded on hU
own shoulders can best bo appreciated by
tho members of tho order. Tno prepara
tions for tho holding of tho present con
clave bgan six months ago. Ily his own
persistent and entirely unaided efforts)
General UndeTwood began as a first pre
liminary negotiations with tho various)
railroad companies whoso Uno9 point,
to Chicago as their center. Theso
negotiations wero so eminently successful
that a saving of from $50,000 to $73,000 was
effected In rebates and reduced rates for
members of tho order now In town or hasten
ing hither on wings of steam. Tho General'
efforts, In fact, were phenomenally effective.
This Is best soon by tho fact that ho ob
tained special rates so advantageous that
they aro probably tho lowest ever granted
by largo railroads. From Itoston and re
turn tho faro was reduced to $13 about
one-third tho regular fare, and for return
tickets from New York ami all other point
along tho Atlantic seaboard tho rate Is only
S10. Theso prices, of course, only bold good,
for organized bodies of Odd Fellows, but
even for Individual tickets an allowance so
largo was obtained that tho faro was re
duced to an averago of less than one-halt.
Having thus fully covered tho preliminaries
General Underwood camo from bis Ken
tucky homo to Chicago and went Into per
manent headquarters on tho ninth floor of
tho Pullman Ihilldlng. That was two
months ago, and from that tlmo on he ba
worked und tdaved all through the terribly
GEaTncDE a. scnwAnz, noble oravd of floha
I.ODOE, OltDEIt OK lit BEE. AH.
trying beat of tho summer organizing tho
other work that yet remained to bo dono
before tho mammoth cantonment could bo
come a success.
A Man Who Has the Crip
Adjutant General Frost Is ono of the
most attractivo figures at tho cantonment,
and of course ho Is ono of tho busiest and
most important officer. General Frost Is a
Massachusetts man, but has not roldcd
there for years, as ho has slnco iss."i devoted
all bis tlmo to tho work of tho Patriarchs
Militant, which order bo assisted in found
ing. "Wo began in Italtlmore," be said,
with thirty swords, and now wo havo
twenty brigades, sixty regiments and
flvo hundred cantons." General Frost
Is a most enthusiastic Patriarch, and
In bis claborato militant uniform
Is decidedly picturesque. Though not a
tall man bis cocked bat with Its war.
Ing plume makes him appear so. Ho has a
military carriago which Is borno out by a
brusque, commanding voice, nnd bo utter
his commands to tho thousands In a trua
military air. At an earlier period tho Gen
eral has had black hair and a largo black
mustache, but theso havo changed from
black to gray, and the mustacho Is almost
white. Ho is well qualified for tho position
ho holds In tho patriarchs. Ho was In tho
war from start to finish, and carried fronv
tho second Hull Kun field a broken Jaw. Ho
ha been In active military llfo slnco 1539,
and yet tho General is a young man In ap
pearancc. Laboti oonqners all things, cToa tho
man "who tries to do it.

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