. W. McCOBU, Proprietor.
. NortheaU omerof the Square. Upstair
TKRMS OF SCBSCRIPTION :
Two Dollars per Annum, always ia Advance
..ii.,.,..r lt.cli tor tli lir-t,.rjd 50 cents
" : . :.,....( ion
ioci Ui Ute lor regular Siao.li
LAPS. D. McCOED,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
offlcoJfo. ChllleV Block up st.irr
oear Citks o!Bce. epr " .
B. B- B03KBTS.
0 A. If FKTKR8.
ROliEIlTS & Mcl'ETERS,
PULASKI, - - TENN.
-wi nn . Mam Rt trontimr the Linden
Honse. One formerly occupied by ns nl4-tr
THOS. E. STOUT,
Attorney at Law,
OFFICE with A. J. A J. -P. Abernathy,
ooar Sooth Went Corner Public Square.
Prompt attention jriven to collodion, and
Maim solioited. apr2S-tf
B. T. TALJATERBO.
Taliaferro & Stevenson,
ATTOENE YS AT LAW,
l'lilntslci, Ton ii.
"pociul attention Riven to the collection of
(lairng. Ullice formerly occupied by Matth
wafc Taliaferro. aug80-tf
N. Sc. F. SMITHSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAV
Solicitors in Chancery,
Will practice in the Omit of Gilo and ad
orning counties; in the Supreme and Federal
court at Naehville and in Bankruptcy. Bpe-
cial attention to col lections. Utlice XSo. l,up-
etaira,"?few Constitution' Building. Ibl5-yl
oa a o. Mown.
jno. a. viMia
BROWN Sc. WILKES,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
Solicitors in Chancery,
A. J. & J. P. ABERMTHY
Attorneys at Law,
tW Orrica 2nd. Main Street, South
of May's Corner. Jan. 4 1872 ly.
a. I. BOHB.
JHO. A. T1KW0K.
ROSE Sc TTNNON,
Attorneys and Counsellor, at Law
Will practice in the State, Federal and Bank
rupt Courta of Middle Tennessee.
Law and Collecting office Southeast side of
the Public Square,
marll-ly PULASKI, TENN.
M.JOHBS, OBAB. r. JOHKB, I. W. .
Jones, Son &Ewlng,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
WILL praotioe in Giles and adjoining
counties and in the Supreme and Bank
rupt Courta, Special attention given to col
J. H. Keeling, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON
Office - North-East corner Publio Square,
op stairs next to Citizbk Office. mr29,
C. C. ABCRNATHT J. A, StJMPTUR.
DRS. ABERNATHY & SUMPTER,
DKS. ABERNATHY fc SUMPTEB will
continue their co- partnership in the prac
tice of Medicine and Surgery. Office at
Sumptor A Lacey's drugstore. jtn9-ly.
AMOS R. RICHARDSON
Attorney at Law,
ULASKI, - TENNESSEE,
II J ILL praotioe. in Giles and adjoining
W Counties. UTOffloe in Dr. White's
lew building, North-West corner of Publio
JAB. M'CALACM, W. B. M'CALLCM,
JA.S. & W. H. McCALLUM
Attorneys at Law,
AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY.
Orrica: The one formerly occupied
; y Brwn VIcCallum. ( jan25-ly
II. A. R0SEJNGIU1VT,
SADDLES AND HARNESS
lat Main Street North,
Pulaski, - - - Tennessee
Next Door to Jackson's Stable.
PI LA8KI, TEW.
Corcord, Ives Diana and other Wines,
UNMIXED, PUKE GRAPE JUICE.)
WE HAVE FOB SALE IN OURCELLAB
4,000 gallons of the vintage of 1S74.
They are approved by phvsloians and con
Doisuers as genuine and of superior qualities,
fan be bad at the Vine yar 4 and at the drug
tore of Sumpter A Lacy, at prices so low
that aUcan afford this healthful and delicion
Also, at the Vineyard, Grape slips of all
varieties; Potato and Tomato slips, Cabbago
plants, &o., cheaper than at Nashville
fb5-tf AUGUSTINE CO.
A SUPERB MONTHLY
The November number of that
superb monthly. The Housekeeper,
is brim full of good things, includ
jng a hill of fare for every day in
the month, a rousing ono for
Thanksgiving, and the fullest chap
ter on oysters we have ever seen in
print. The pnblishers offer to send
it free for two months to any lady
ho sends them the address of two
iadica at each of five post offices.
The offer is good to Jan. 1, '79.
Addreaa. Buckeye Pub. Co., Minne
apolis, Minn. nov21-2m
Do You Want Money?
Advertise your Daaintaa.
EJGT Here you are reading a
borrowed paper again, aa usual.
t. n. n. wrutAMB.
J. O WATSON.
WILLIAMS & WATSON,
Proprietor of tbe Pulaski
ha, M, MMSs,
NEWEL POSTS, BAfcLISTEKS,
Cedar.Pine & Poplar Flooring,
C ED All P-OSTS,
Contract for Buildinps of all kind solicited.
Plana and specifications furnished if
A New Proposition.
Men and women tell us almost daily
they would like to take the Citizen, but
they are too poor. Therefore we make
this offer : Widows and destitute, home
less men with families, shall have 25 per
cent, discount from the regular price If
they are really and truly hard pressed.
We make this offer in all sincerity with
no intention to offend, and we cordially
Invite all such to avail themselves of It.
We are anxious to put the Citizen into
the hands of every family in Giles coun
ty, and no one shall have nn excuse if
we can possibly help It. . If you have'nt
got the money ( bring us something to
eat at the market price.
B, M. OBIOSBT,
IAS. A. 8T.ILI.BBlf,
THE LINDEN HOUSE.
Griguby Skillern, Proprietors
T'HIS new and commodious Hotel (la to Un
born House) is now in the hands of new
proprietors, has been renovated, refitted and
renewed in every particular, and is ready to
receive and entertain the publio aa well as
any hotel in the South, in or out of the
large cities. oct8tf
Low rates and satisfaction guaranteed.
ON THE SOTARS,
PUT. A SEX - - - TENN.
A. C. IRVINE & CO., Prop'rs.
FINEST HOTELlii lie SOUTH
Outside of the Large Cities.
CWBetit Accommodations at the
X, H. ABBBNATHT.
T3" o -rv
YE fARE BECEIVING A NEW STOCK
3Fn rust are
of all kinds, bought low for Cash, which we
oner to the trade on aa
as can be bad elsewhere. Our stock consists
of ail the goods essential to or commonly used
by housekeepers. We keep a full strck of
lrom tbe commonest Wood Coffin to the finest
Metalic Casket, also
for Ladies, Gentlemen and Children, and are
prepared to attend all cases of Undertaking
on reasonable terma.
J. M. NEIL. & CO.
West Side Fnblio Square, nex- to Giles
National Bank. apr4-tf
ASPI.ENTII OPPORTUNITY TO
WIN A FORTUNE, Second Grand Dis
tribution, Claps 11, at Nrw Orleans, Tues
day, Feb. Ilth,le7 105th monthly drawing.
LOUISIANA STATE LOTTERY CO.
n"IIIS institution was regularly incorpora
X ted by tbe Legislature ot the State lor ed
ucational and charitable purposes in 13f9.
with a oapital of f 1 ,000,000, to which It has
ainoa added a roeervs fund or $850,00o. Its
Grand Single Number Distribution will take
place monthly on the second Tuesday. It
never scales or roat rones. Look at the lol-
lowintt Distribution :
CA PITAZ, TRIZE, $30,000.
100,000 TICKETS AT 8 DOLLARS Each.
HALF TICKETS ONE DOLLAR.
1 CariTAi Pbibb of.. $30,000
1 " 10,000
8 Pbibo $2,500.... 6.000
ft " iooo : 6,000
20 " 600 10,000
100 " 100 10,000
200 60 10,000
600 80 , 10,000
1000 " 10 10,000
Approximation Prixea off 8i0. . 8,700
do do 200.. 1,300
8 do dj 10Q.. 900
1,857 Frizes, amounting to .'. $110,400
Responsible corresponding agents wanted
at all prominent points, to whom a liberal
compensation will be paid.
Application lor rates to ojuds, aliould only
be made to the Office in New Orleans
Write, cloarly stating full address, for fur
ther information or send orders to
M. A. DAUPHIN,
r. O. Box 693, New Orieana, La.
All oar Grand Extraordinary Drawings
are under the supervision and management
of GEN'S G. T. BEAUREGARD ft JUBAL
A. EARLY. ianltat
I WISH to sell 195 ocrea ot Land near Pa
laaki a part of the Dr. Carter farm all
well set in Grasses,' with a good fence, and
being convenient to town would make a
aplendid dairy farm. For particulars and
terma apply to ROB'T RODES.
While Congressman Page and
others are proposing to reduce the
number of Congressmen from the
South on the ground that colored
men are alleged f have been
denied the right to vote, the Wash
ington Post feels authorized to call
their attention to a petition now
being circulated in Massachusetts,
claiming that one hundred and fifty
thousand votera are denied their
rigtft to vote on account of educa
tional disquaiificatir-ns. res-quire
inents of residence, poll lax and so
on, and petitioning Congress to re
duce the representation of that
State aecoidmgly. . .
Somebody could pay a year's sub
scription just now, or a half year's if
they prefer, in sweet potatoes, at the
market cash price. Somebody else could
pay another year or half year in Irish
potatoes. Somebody else could do the
same in stove wood. Somebody else
could do the same in chicken. Some
body else could do the same in hams,
Somebody else could do the same in
flour, meal, wheat, corn, bay, fodder,
old scraps of iron, clean cotton rags,
dried fruir, &c. The first three how
ever are imperative necessities. They
As a rule it will not pay to win
ter poor stock of any kind if the
food they consume costs anything.
besides all 3Dimals are in better
condition at the beginning of win
ter than at any other season of the
year. During the winter most
kinds of btock lose flefh unless they
are bountifully fed and warmly
housed, and it does not pay to take
this trouble and incur this expense
for anything but the best. The
weeding process is ibereiore ; in
The New York Express says:
"II the devil should retire from bus
iness he would leave lots ol people
with nothing to do." It certainly is
sad to be Jiving in steady fear of los
ing a situation ; but by the time the
devil retires there will be found any
number of men capable of carrying
on bis business at the old stand.
Men who are now silent partners in
the concern will then branch out.
Farming life is one eminently
calculated for human happiness
and virtue. It is truly a noble oc
cupation, and the farmer who faith
fully discharges his duty, whether
his acres are few or many, largely
contributes to the well being of
society and to the peaceful enjoy
ment of the blesiting which bounti
ful Providence has lavished on this
"1 like the Citizen, but am -not able
to pay for It." Then get us live new
subscribers at $2 each and we will send
it to you free.
A merchant in Alleghany City
uamod Russell preaches the doc
trine thai the world will come to an
end ia 1914, the "forty years of
trouble" to precede that event hav
ing commenced in 1874. Russell
has made about one hundred and
fifty converts, some of whom are ex
trava ant in their religious be
havior, and a great deal of excite
ment has been caused in that region.
He was something of a cynic, and
when he visited the grave of the
rich but henpecked friend, a few
weeks after the burial, and found
there a heroic-sized female figure in
marble as a monument, he cried
out: "Poor fellow! as though it
was not enough in life, here he is
held down by a woman in death!"
"If the Indians were turned over
to the army." asks Secretary Schurz,
"what would become of the army?"
As for that matter, as long as the
Indians were kept unarmed and
bound over to keep the peace, the
army would be comparatively safe
enough, we should think. C. J.
' Milk is found to form an excel
lent solvent for quinine, and also to
disguise in a measure the bitterness
of that drug. It will be found par
ticularly usefnf in administering
quinine to children. Five grains in
a tumblerful of milk is almost taste
less. . .
A Flue ) For a Club of 30 Sub
UIB liE?" senbers at $2 each, we will
Cheap. ) give a fine $25 Bible.
Ilopkinsville New Era: Bourbon
county has 200 miles of turnpikes.
Christian has about fifteen. Land
in Bourbqn is worth from $40 to
$125 per arce. Land in Christian
of superior fertility to any in Bour
bon can be bought for $30 per acre.
It is reported that an humble
tomb towards the sunset bears as
part of its memorial legend these
words: ''lie was the first man that
Horace Greeley ever told to go
West. Likewise he was hanged for
stealing a mule."
No man can know all things but
there are lots of men who think
they do. They are the fellows who
give an editor so much valuable in
formation as to how to run a news
paper into the ground.
"What's the difference," asked a
teacher in arithmetic, "between one
yard and two yards?" "A fence,"
said Tommy Beales. Then Tommy
sat on the ruler fourteen times.
"Is this air tight?" inquired a
man in a hardware store, as he ex
amined stove. "No, 6ir," replied
the clerk; "air never gets tight."
He lost a customer.
If yoa would be pungent, be
brief, for it is with words as with
sunbeams, the more they are con
densed the deeper they burn.
Show me the man who would go
to heaven alone if he could, and I
will show you one who will never
be admitted there.
Surprise is one of the principal
elements of wit. This is why it al
ways makes a man laugh when he
sits down on a pin.
"Have you cologne!" asked she.
"No, ma'am," replied the druggist;
"I have no scents at all." She said
he didn't look as though he had.
We waste our time in moments,
our money in dimes, and our happi
ness in trifles.
Fanner's club broken pitch fork
Gen. Gordon's Injuries at Snarps-
Dtirg wounded Five,Tinies
in One Battle.
A Strange Mental Phenomenon.
At Sharpsburg Gen. Gordon, then
a colonel, furnished the sublimest
spectacle of endurance and courage
that I think is furnished by the an
nals. Before the battle Lee rode
down the 1 ines and expiessed doubt
as to Cordon 8 being able to hold
his position, and conveyed him an
idea of the importance of his doing
so. Gordon, turning so that lilt,
men could hear him, said: "Geu
Lee, my men are determined "to stay
here. lhen the battle opened.
Line after line was thrown upon
Gordon s front. But from that
dauntless front they were thrown
back as often as they marched
against it, - The slaughter was ter
nble. The ground was literally
blue with corpses of. the enemy,
while only six men of the right wing
of the regiment were left. But the
line never wavered. The men had
come to "stay," and, dead or alive,
they were determined to "stay."
Gordon was wounded early in the
fight. A minie ball passed through
the calf of his leg, tearing the flesh
in a most feanul manner. The
flow of blood was incessant, but he
had no time to staunch the wound.
In about half an hour another ball
plunged through the same leg about
a foot above where the other had
gone, lue luss of blood from
these two wounds weakened him,
but he still kept his feet and gave
bis orders calm and clear to his
men, who were h ing on their faces.
An hour later he was shot again,
the ball tearing through his left
arm, making a hideous wound and
cutting a small artery. This disa
bled his arm and helped drain his
weakened system, but still, haggard
and bloodyr he staggered up and
down the line encouraging his men.
A fourth ball then entered his
shoulder, knocking him from his
feet. His men who saw the crim
soned uniform and pale face go
down thought their hero leader was
killed. AY ith sublime courage, how
ever, ne struggled to ins leet, and
though he had hardly strength to
stand, waved his swo.'d above his
head and called to his men to stand
firm. Some one ran to him hastily
and said it was rumored up the line
that he was dangerously wounded,
and that the men were , wavering.
"Tell them that I am not hurt," he
said. And so, through those dread
ful hours of slaughter, with four
unstaunched wounds drawing blood
from his body, he stood determined
to die with his men and in defence
of the part that Lee had confided to
At length a fifth ball struck Gor
don full in the face, and, entering
his cheek, knocked him senseless.
He fell, and for some time his pros
trate body was wrapt in the smoke
We hear from Gen. Gordon's own
lips a story that, in a metaphysical
point, is exceedingly interesting.
He snj-a when he fell he was utterly
incapable of moving He gradually
began to think ot his condition,
and this is the half dream and half
soliloquy that he carried on: "I
have been struck in the head with a
six pound solid shot. It has car
ried away my head. On the left
Bide there is a little piece of skull
left. But the brain is gone entirely.
Therefore I am dead. And if I
am thinking, I cannot be dead.
And yet no man can live after his
head is shot off. I may have con
sciousness while dead, but not mo
tion. If I can lift my leg, then I
am alive. I will try that. Can I?
Yes, there it is; lifted up! I'm all
The General says that every stage
of this soliloquy is indelibly stamp
ed upon his mind, and that in his
exhausted state the reasoning was
carried on as logically as ever man
reasoned at his desk. Doubt suc
ceeded argument and argument dis
placed doubt just as logically as
could be. He says he'll never forget
with what anxiety he made the test
of lifting his leg with what agony
he waited to see whether or not it
would move in response to his ef
fort, and hesitated before trying it
for fear that it might fail and his
death bo thereby demonstrated.
Double Headed. -
Philadelphia has a marvel in a
double-headed wowan. She is
known as the "Nightingale," is
twenty-seven years old and is a
negrress. The Times says: "The
two heads sit on her shoulders at
angles to each other, so that the net
which keeps up the hair of one
touches the net which keeps up the
hair of the other, and if the owner
wills it, the two heads may bump
against each other like playing
bones in the hands of an expert.
The singular part i9 her conversa
tion. One tongue begins to talk,
the eyes brighten, and the face be
comes animated. At this poiut the
observer catches sight of the other
face with a sort of grin on it, and
the other eyes with a leer in them.
Presently the second tongue begins
to talk too,- and there is a sort of
race between them."
The "Writers of the Bible.
Moses wrote Genesis, Exodus,
Numbers and Deuteronomy.
Joshua, Pbineas or Eleazer,
wrote the book of Joshua, but it is
not certain which of them.
Samuel is the penman of the
books of Judges and Ruth. He
also wrote the first acts of David,
ani probably Nathan and Gad
wrote his last acts; and the whole
was formed into two books which
were named after Samuel as the
most eminent person, called tbe
first and second book 9 of Samuel.
Jeremiah most probably compil
ed the two books of the Kings.
Ezra compiled the two books of
the Chronicles. He is also author
of ths book bearing his name.
Nehemiah wrote Nehemiah.
The author of the book of Esther
Elihu was most probably the pen
man of the book of Job. Moses
may have written the first two chap
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1879.
ters and the last. Some think Job
wrote it himself.
David wrote most of the book of
Psalms. Asaph penned a few of
Solomon wrote Proverbs, Eccle
siastes, and the Songs of Solomon.
Isaiah is the author of the Proph
ecy of Isaiah.
Jeremiah wrote the book bearing
his name, and the Lamentations ot
Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel,
An.09, Obadiah, probably Jonah,
Micah. Nahum. Habakkuk, Zephan
ian, Haggan, Zachariab, wrote the
books of the prophecies bearing
their respective names.
Matthew, Mark, Luke and John,
wrote the gospels named after them.
Luke wrote the Acts of tne Apos
Paul is the author of the Epistles
to the. Romans, Corinthians, Gala
tians, Ephesiane, Phillipians, Coi
lossians, Theesolomans, Timothy,
Titus, Philemon and Hebrews.
Jame?, the son of Alpheus. who
was cousin german to Christ, and
one of the apostles, wrote the Epis
tles of James. '
Pettr wrote the Epistle bearing
his name. '
The Apostle John wrote the
three Epistles of John.
Jude, the Apostle, the brother of
James, called also Lebbeus, whose
surname was Thaddeus, a near rela
tive of cur Lord, wrote the Epistle
Sc John the Divine Wrote Reve
This Life is What We Makf It
Let's often talk of noble deeds,
And rarer of tbe bad ones, ' -
And sing abont our happy days,
And not about the sad ones.
We are not made to fret and sigh,
And when grief sleeps to wake it;
Bright happiness is standing by
This life ia what we make it.
Let's find the eunuy side of men,
Or be believers in it;
A lieht there is in every soul,
That takes the pains te win it.
Oli I there's a slumbering good in all, ,
And we perchance may woke it;
Onr hands contain the magic wand
This life is what we make it.
Then here's to those whose loving hearts
Send light and joy about theml
Thanks be to them for countless gems
M e ne'er had known without them.''
Oh I this should be a happy world
To all who may partake it;
The faults our own, it is not
This life ia what we make it.
THE. TENNESSEE INJUSTICE.
How the Attempt to Make tbe
' Railroads Pay Twice Will
Affect the State.
Nashville American: The case
certainly demands the exercise of
the highest statesmanship. If the
bondholders can hold the roads re
sponsible they ' will exact the last
farthing. If they do not they will
form a singular exception to ored ,
itors, publio and private. All chance
lor compromise wul thus have been
thrown away by failure to accept
the terms offered. The State is not
relieved at all, but only substitutes
for the bondholders as creditors the
railroads who "have paid or be
come responsible for the debt. It
will stand in the attitude of an en
dorser, to whom the principal debt
or has paid the amount of the debt
to hold in trust. It is not denied
in any quarter that the railroads
have paid their debt to the State in
outstanding bonds of the State,
taken up and paid in. The Comp
troller's report shows this. These
bonds have been, as between the
State and the roads paying them
into the treasury, paid in under the
provisions of the seventh section of
the act of 1852, and also under ,tue
act of January 2, 1870. They have
acted underauthority conferred by
the State, and in so far as they have
paid in these bonds they have, as
was intended by the acts of 1852
and 1870, diminished the bonded
debt of the State. Now it remains
to be seen whether the statesman
ship of the State is able to rise to
an appreciation of. the gravity of
the situation, and to devise a wise,
just and honorable policy for avoid
ing the dangers suggested by this
new complication. It is useless to
disguise the fact that this is a grave
and threatening peril, involving the
highest material interests of the
State and all Its people. It notonh'
threatens the material interests of
the State, but, if not settled by the
adoption of a wise and statesman
like policy, it threatens to entangle
itself disastrouslj- with our politics
for 3'ears to come.
Ministers of all denominations in reg
ular work in Giles county who wish to
read the.CrrizKN in 1879, can have it at
$1 25. Local preachers can have It
at 25 per cent, discount, and we will al
low either or all of them 20 per cent,
commission on new subscribers at full
price to pay for their own papers.
Cut this Out It May Save Your
' There is no persen living but what
sufl'ers more or less with Lung Iisease,
Coughs, Colds or Consumption, yet
some would die rather than pay 75 cents
for a bottle of medicine that would cure
them. Dr. A. Bosch ee's German Syrup
ha been lately Introduced in this coun
try from Germany, and its wondrous
cures astonishes every one that try it.
If you doubt what we say in print, cut
this out and take it to your druggist,
Sumpter & Lacey.and get a sample bot
tle for 10 cents and try it, or a regular;
size for 75 cents. jun'21-eow-ly-l.
HORSES & MULES
Bought and sold at Wells' New Liv
ery and Sale Stable, and Bargains given
Lett Side North Main Street.
Also runs a commodious and com
fortable Passenger II acx to Lawrence
burg try-weekly. Express or other
packages delivered at reasonable rates.
Orders left at the stable or at the Post
office will be promptly attended to. -
The Centaur Liniments are of
two kinds. The White is for the hu
man family ; the Yellow Is for horses,
sheep and other animals. Testimonial
of tbe ellecta produced by these remark
able preparation; are wrapped around
every bottle, and may be procured of
any druggist, or by mail from the office
of the Ckdtack Co, 46 Dey St., New
York City. feb28-ly
Many a man who prays not to be
led into temptation would be awful
ly disappointed if his prayer was
Some of the Cold Weather Follies of
the American People In-Doors,
' Breathing Cooked Air.
Kfason Why People Take Cold.
There is one very good reason
why people "take cold in winter
time. Most of the well-to-do spend
their lives, when in doors, in cooked
air. The lower down the thermom
eter goes the higher the Durning
coal is piled; all the chinks and
cracks are stopped that would
let any fresh air in, and its main
chance, indeed, is when the front
door opens lor twenty seconds, or
when the beds arc made in the
sleeping rooms. In the living rooms
ot the ftmily there is no occasion,
many think, to raise the windows
ever, except to wash them, on peri
odical cleaning (lays, or to snut in
the shutters. So carpets and fur
nitufe and people, lungs and skin,
are dried and baked in the hot, nry
rooms, until ingenious persons cau
bring eut electric sparks from their
nnger encis oy sKating rapidly up
and down the room in their woolen
Out from this kiln-dried atmos
phere into the' winter streets and
into the very cold or very damp air
plunge the folks who live in these
air tight rooms. Tbey put on plen
ty of wraps, but they wear the
same foot-gear and they v&rry the
same lungs out into the streets with
ihein and tho same sensitive skin.
Then tbe3' go into friends' houses
and sit in other hot rooms with all
their wraps on, or they sit in church
pews, the women, at least, heavily
muffled in furs and woolens, for a
matter of two hours.
(Why a man will take off his
overcoat in church and women
cling to their jackets as to an arti
cle of faith, is among the puzzles
for the wise to settle, or for the
next hundred questions ot an in
quiring World.) Again, they go
out in the damp streets, and it is a
wonder to all doctors and thinkers
that they do not all "take," and
keep, too, that congested state of
lungs, and menbranes, and" chilled
blood vessels that we class under
this one convenient term of "cold."
Perhaps the houses are not kept
any warmer than they ought to be,
when people are taking but little
excercise. But they certainly are
nearly all of them too dry and lack
ing in constantly renewed pure air.
It has been before remarked ia the
Ledger that folks who are extreme
ly particular about wearing their
own clothes, and who would by no
means consent to take the cast oh
garments of a neighbor one and
all of them are perfectly comforta
ble to breathe over and over again
the cast off and soiled uir from eaxh
other's lungs; when it is cooked es
pecially; for in summer time they
do insist on a change of it, and do
get their houses ventilated. Jam
tors of public buildings, in a short
sighted economy of tuel, wiil shut
up all the apertures by which fresh
air might get in, lest tbey should
suffer some heat to escape thereby,
and rewarded by sleepy audieuces,
especially when the gas burners are
at work, also draining the cooked
air of what little life it has. There
are some people many, it is to be
hoped who open an inch or two of
their bed room windows every night
to insure a modicum of fresh air to
sleep bj But these do not ia the
least care to have fresh air to be
awake in, it seems, for they are con
tent to have their furnace draw all
its suppllies from the tightly sealed
cellar, and from tbe stale atmos
phere of the ash boxes and vegeta
ble bins in the subterranean apart
ment. When we live in tresli air
within doors as without, with its
proper proportion of moisture for
the skin and breathing apparatus to
keep up their Irealtby tone, it is like
ly we shall have found one way at
least of how not to take cold
What the Country Needs.
Fewer dogs and more sheep.
Fewer fences and more pastures,
Fewer bar-rooms, more and bet
Fewer scrub cattle and moregeod
Fewer wire pullers in popular con
ventious, and moie people.
Fewer idle persons, and more in
Fewer men who peek office and
more men whom the office seeks.
Fewer loafers about railroad sta
tions, four corners, stores and tav
Fewer impetuous young men, ea
ger to rush iiito print and raise the
Fewer men to advocate the elec
tion of favorites on personal
grounds, and more for the public
Fewer juvenile statesmen, who are
eager to rush into the place their
seniors and betters ought to occupy.
Fewer'leaders' to knuckle to pop
ular prcejudiceB, and more leaders
to combat such prejudices when
Fewer great men made to order
and of small material, and thrust iu
front of men who have a capacity
Fewer truckling demagogues, who
are anything or nothing, as interest
dictates, and more brave men who
dare do their own thinking, and
speak what they think.
Manitoba Lake which lies north
west of Fort Garry, and has given a
title to the province formed out of
the Red river region, derives its
name from a small island, from
which in the stillness of night is
sues a mysterious noise. On noac
count will the Ojibway approach or
land on this island, supposing it to
be the home of the Manitoba, the
"Speaking God." The cause of
this curious sound is tbe beating of
the waves against the "shingle" or
large pebbles lining the shores.
Along the northern coast of the
islsnd is a long, low cliff of fine
grained, compact limestone, which
under the stroke of the hammer
clinks like steel. The waves beat
ing on the shore at the foot of the
cliff cause the fallen fragments to
rub against each other and to give
out a sound resembling tbe chimes
o'f distant church bells. The phe
nomenon occurs when the gales
blow from the north, and then as
the winds subside, low, wailing
sou n is, like whispering voices, are
heard in the air. Travellers assert
that the effect is impressive, and
that they have been awakened at
night under the impression that
they were listening to church bells.
Helena (Montana) Independent.
- - i -mmm
A Hindoo Story.
A jioor HindcK,, having oeen re
leased from the cares of the world
a :d from a scurvy wife presented
himself at the gate of Brahma's
"Have you been through purga
tory?" a.-ked the god.
"No! but I've been married, he
"Come iu then; it's all the same.'
At that moment arrived another
man, just defunct, who begged of
Ural) ma to go in a.so.
'Softly, soitly! have you been
"N! but what of that? Did you
not admit a moment ago one who
had not been there any more than
"Certainly; but he has been mar
ried." "Married! Who are you talking
to? I have been married twice."
"Ob, pshaw!" replied Brahma,
"get out! Paradice is not for fools."
"The Good Old Times."
In the thirteenth and fourteenth
centuries elegance had scarcely any
existence, and even cleanliness was
hardly considered as laudable. The
use of linen was not known; and
the most delicate of the fair sex
wore woolen undergarments. In
Paris they had meat only . three
times a week; and about $25-was a
large portion for a young lady.
The better sort of citizens used
splinters of wood and rags dipped
in oil, instead of candles, which in
those days was a rarity hardly to.be
met with. Wine was only to be
had at the shops of the apotheca
ries, where it was sold as a cordial;
and to ride in a two-wheeled cart,
along the dirty, rugged streets, was
reckoned a grandeur of so enviable
a nature that Philio the Fair pro
hibited the wives of citizens from
. . . ,'
We have too many idlers and too
tew workers lor the general pros
perity of this country. If we were
self-suslainiug, and made every one
around us self-su&iaining, what a
different state of affairs we would
have! As lung. as one half of the
community has to work to keep up
the-other half in idleness, that long
we-vill have hard and pinching
times. One class of men make tueir
living by work, while another class
try to make theirs by cursing the
hanks, the bondholders,' and every
other man who by his industry has
saved a little money.
"I am a free and independent
man, and intend to do as I please.
No you won't, either. You'll do as
you can. Instead of being free you
are an abject to some of the very
worst of vices. You are not inde
pendent, because we are dependent
for all our prosperity and happiness
upon those who surround us. We
are all dependent upon the mercies
of Jehovah for our existence and
the very air we breath. There is
no such thing as a free and inde
pendent man. Cleveland Banner.
- ' 1 1 - 1
While we are what some term
sott money man, we are uot foolish
about it. If we cannot get good
soft money we 11 take hard money,
which has aud always will be good
money. If the American people
want gold and silver for a circulat
ing medium, we will try and worry
along with the glittering and shin
ing stuff without making a great
fuss about it. We always try to ac
commodate ourselves to the exigon
cies that surround us.
"Is married preferable to single
life? was argued at a recent meet
ing of a debating society. Only
one married man appeared for the
negative, and he came down to bus
iness next day with bis arm in i
sling, a green patch over his eye
aud a general appearance of having
slept all night in the cellar.
Some people who think that by
Church membership they are pre
erupting homesteads in a land that
ia fairer than this, will find that
putting blank envelopes in the con
tribution box on Sunday will prove
a serious drawback to reading their
Subscribers out of the State
mnst renew promptly when their
me is out as indicated by the
date following their names, or
when marked. Be sure to , send
20 cents for postage.
-. . i
Jane writes to ask. "What is
meant by a man of one idea?" Well
a roan who has one or his optics
knocked out, is a man of one eye
The mind of youth cannot remain
empty; if you do not put into it
that which is gaod, it will gather
elsewhere that which is evil.
Some think diphtheria is of re
cent origin, but it isn t. lhe lap-
tists have had the dip theory ever
since they started.
ii. ii jp a
All signers of the Declaration of
Independence signed their names
with quill pens except one be sign
ed his Witr-erspoon.
Says an exchange,
boys carry arms in this town,
ful, ain't it? Even the little flow
crs carry pistils. Wicked city.
Why is it that some young men
nend abont twentv-five cents a dav
for cigars, and wear the same pair
of socks four consecutive weeks?
If Texas had as many people to
the square mile as Massachusetts,
she would have a population of
A woman's heart is the true place
for man's likeness. An instant
gives the impression, and an age ot
sorrow and change cannot efface it.
A man can never see the point
of a joke in papr be does not
MURDERS IN 1878.
Llore than Eleven Hundred Persons
Hurdored in the United States
The Cincinnati Commercial's LUt.
In this happy land 1,132 people
were killed by their fellow-men in
1S78. We briefly summarize the
killings as follows:
Persons poisoned 25
Women killed by abortion 12
Pei sou killed by thieves 57
Killed in political quarrels II
Fathers kill sons 18
Insane murders 13
Prostitutes killed 17
Mothers kill their children 37
Baguio fatal quarrels 10
Men killed in common quarrel, 258
Barroom and drunken quarrels, 71
Wives killed OS
Child murders... 9
Accidental killingM 0'j
Justifiable '. .. 28
Killings on account' of dogs 4
Killings on account of wives CI
Card and gambling quarrels 15
Fatal quarrels about property... 55
Mobs kill 2'J
Wives kill husbands 11
Officers kill persons 53
Officers killed 36
Prostitutes kill men 2
Fraternal fatal quarrels 14
Seduced women kill seducers 6
Thieves shot 27
Negroes killed 1 1 2
Negroes kill 102
Raped and killed 10
Persons killed on account of lan
guage or opprobious epithets
Revenue from Advertising.
New York Times: As to what
revenue comes from advertising,
there can be little said, as this, is a
part of the private business of the
concern, and figures are not easy to
arrive at. Loudon and New York
papers, however, head the list, and
the . London Times aud the New
York Herald enjoy the largest pat
ronage of any newspapers in the
world. What these papers receive
is unknown, but it is said that the
proprietor of the London Times
gave the receipts of ono depart
ment of his' paper to his wife for
pocket money, and it amounted to
$400,000 per year. This is ' no
doubt an exaggeration oT probably
forty diameters. Several Parisian
papers are reported as receiving
$100,000 per year oa advertising,
and a number or American papers
can equal and excel this amount,
Whatever the amounts, tho que
tion is decided by more than 2U0
years of fair trial that advertising
pays, and the thoroughgoing busi
ness man of the nineteenth century
considers a knowledge of the best
means of advertising almost as uec
essary in business as a kuowlt dgt
of the goods he has to sell.
Some one gives the following ta
ble of the order in which men give
up their luxuries under the pres
sure of hard times:
Books go first the book trade
flatters under a panic; illustrated
papers next, aud then daily papers.
If the. pressure continues, the
trade in pianos and furniture falls
off the laboring classes begin to
contract ou the furniture for the
first start. Next it begins to cut
off fine clothes and jewelry, and
then it's getting pretty tight. Put
in another screw, and tea and coffee
suffer; then all fine groceries and
other kinds of produce. If the
screw still tightens, when the worst
comes to the worst, and there is no
help from God or man, the whisky
and tobacco begin to be cut off
but the dog is about dead when it
comes to that.
Think of It.
Think of it! Two drinks a day at
fifteen cents each will amount in
one year to one hundred and nine
dollars and fifty cents, and three
drinks per day at the same price
will amount to one hundred and
Bixty-four dollars and twenty five
cents, and three cigars a day, at
five cents apiece, will amount in
tho same time to fifty-four dollars
and seventy-five cents; put these
two items together and we hare
two hundred and forty-nine dollars
thrown away for luxuries that -do
no good. Just think of this and
'swored off" in the future.
"SappoM," aaid he la accents soft,
"A fuloe, jnat lika tne,
Ehonld axle little (rirl to wed
What would the answer bef"
The maiden drope her liquid eyee
Hor smiles with blunhoa mingle
"Why seek tlio bridal haltor when
You may live on, Bur, cingleJ"
And tbeu he apoke "Oh, be my bride
I aak yon once airain;
Ton are the empreae of my soul,
And there shall ever roin.
I'll never tirs of kindlr doeda
To win your gentle noart.
And aaddle be tbe abaft that rends
Our bappr hvee apart!
Uixin her cheeka tlie maiden folt
The mantling blunhee plow
6he took him fur ber faithful hub
To ahare hie wheel or whoa.
Hules and Eeasonx
The Boston Transcript gives the
following nine commandments to
those who write now and then to
1. Write upon one side oi tne
leaf only. Why? Because it is of
ten necestary to cut tho pages into
"takes" for the compositors, and
this cannot bo done when both sides
are written upon.
1. Write clearly and distinctly,
being particularly careful in the
matter of proper names and words
from foreign languages. Why? Be
cause you have no right to ask
either editor or compositor to waste
his time puzzling out the results of
your selfish carclesness.
3. Don't write in a microscopic
hand. Why? Because the com
positor has to read it across his
case at a distance of near two lett.
Also, because the editor often wants
to make some additions and other
4. Don't begin at tha very top i
j: looiw.. x
Tlio pencil marks you see around tbl
paragraph (thus) mean that your sub
scription is out or unpaid, and tlat you
re requested to pay up at one!. Wo
would take great pleasure to extmdlnjj
credit to our friends and patron, tut
msU alone will ysy our sxpenso., and
we f forced to adhere U a strict ckj-0
rule. We hope you will comprehend
and appreciate the necessity of such a
course, and renew your su scriptlon
without delay. We solicit your favor.
t3f We enter no new names on our
hook wPhoot th moncv in ndvsne
the first page. Why? Bccauso if
uu Iihvh writieu a bead for your
artii le tli editor will probably want
to change it, aud if you have no:
which ia.lha better way ha must
wiiir on. Besides, he wants room
to wiit.r his' instructions to tho
printer as to lhe type to bo used,
where and when the proof is to be
5. Never roll jour manuscript.
Why? Because it maddens and ex
asperates every one who touches it
editor, compositor, proof reader.
C. Be brief. Wh 'r Bee a une peo
ple dont read long stories. The
number of reader which any two
articles have is inversely propor
tioned to tho square of their nupec
tlve lengths. That is, a half col
umn article is rend by four time
many people as one of double that
7. Have the fear of the waste
basket constantly and sti-:id.lv be
fore your eyes. Wnv? lieeui&e it
will save you a vast u.'imuitt of use
less labor, to say nothing of paper
8. Always writo your full tin mo
and address plainly at the end of
your letter. Why? Becau it w ill
ofien happen that the editor will
want to communicate with "U,iul
because he needs to know Vi wri
ter's name as a guarantee of good
laiih. It you use a pseudonym or
initials, wriui your own name and
address below it. It will titver bo
9. "These precepts to thy mem
ory keep," and for fear you might
forget them, cut them out and put
them where you can readily run
through them when tempted to spill
My success Is owing to tho liberality
in advertising. Homier.,
Tho road to fortune Is through prin
ter's Ink. I'.T. llarnum.
Success (lCHnda Uon a liberal patron
age of printing offices. J. J. At.tor.
Frequent and constant advertising
brought me all I own. A. T. ritewart.
Jly'aon, deal with ukmi who advertise.
You will never lose by It. I lien. Frank
How can the world know a man lias
a good thing utiles he advertises tho
possession or n r i v amiorout.
A good advertisement In s newspaper
pays no fare on ridlroadii; costs nothing
for hotel bills; gives away no noses ot
cigars to customers, or merino dresses
to customers' wives; urinna no wunny
under the head of traveling expenses,
but goes at once and all the time about
Its business, free of exjieiiso.
Advertising Is the oil tradesmen put
In their lamps. They are unwise w ho
put no oil In.
Where Is "parts unknown?'' asks a
correonilent of the Daiihury News.
To which Uallcy answers: "Where they
don't advertise." An. I though Ilailey
does say It, this is no joke.
An advertisement Is a window
through which all the world irtay look
into your shop and see Just tint you
wili to sec no more, no less. .
People are quite apt logo where their
attention U called, and, if they find
thing as represented, will purchase
thel e In preference to spending their
time iu seeking elsewhere.
A meeting of clergymen of tho
Evangelical churches of Cleveland,
Ohio, recently heartily endorsed tho
proposal lately made by Mr. Moody
and the clergy of Baltimore that a
united cllort bo made by all of tho
churches of the United States In the
month of January, following the
week of prayers, toward a general
revival throughout the land, and ex
pressing tho hopo that the response
... ' -
Croaking, ever croaking, lint be
come a enronio disease wiwi some
men, and you never hear ntiylliiu
-lnc from them. They get tilt in th
morning croaking and go to bed
croaking. Tbey aro certainly thu
mnst intolerable set of bores that
this country was ever slllicto l with.
"But you know, pa," said ii farm
er's daughter, when be spoke to her
about the addresses o his neigh
bor's son, "that ma want in-i to
marry a man of culture!" "S d
I, my dear, so do J, and there's no
better culture in the country than -
"Suppose I should work myself
up to the interrogation oini?" s.ii l
a young man to his sweetho ii X "I
shall respond with an exclamation ! '
was tho reply, wo presume it tho
old gentleman should come i 1 about
that tune, he would put a "t"p to
that kind of quotations.
When a man conducts himself
properly docs unto other- s ho
ould hac others do tint" turn
and has the respect and oi ll lenco
of the good people in the communi
ty in which he lives, it mnt.t r very
little what blackguards at d rtifllurn
say about him.
. . -Think
about marriage us you
please, there Is nopleasatit.r sight
than a newly married con,.!-- waU
ing home from church on tli; first
Sunday, with the bride's u.o lier In
the rear thought'ully a Ijti-il:.' the
hustL' and back b i of h r happy
. m- - --
The greatest rnetero'on d ihe-
nomina is undoubtedly ihv . o, , oi x.
- Norristown Herald. Ii" calf ul.
N. O. Times. Steer ! in the
shore, ye cow ardly b d. -I..?., tk.
Ark. Traveler. Why end i,'t we
think of these things ! i' "te.
A young lady said t ln-r lover
"Charley, how far s it nound the
world!" "About twenty lour inch
es, my darling," replied In. a his
arm encircled her want J he was
all the world to him.
Ir You Wakt
be sure to consult
sure as you are horn the live inni of the
tlim idopt this means of reaching the
public, and you are an re loflief
A AIIie ir.r.,1 there
rl II 1 1 m w wliryitr
XAl there are anr to be hail.
Live Stock Premium.
Ths IluaaL Scar, Nashville, '1 ennn I
tiflerlng a Cotawuld buck, ? .l,) a
Merino buck, (J0.ou,) a nw.hm.iwii
buck. (123.00.) a IJerkshii" hoar,
(I10.00, and a pair of I'ulmi M.'hlna
pitf. (IJO-IXJ,) as premiums t uivass
er. These animals are thorough-breda,
from the moft noted flock and herds in
the United States. Won't some of our
county-mn try and rapture one of
thenir bend to the Kuaat St h
partkrulsrs, at once. ap-M-Iy .
i ii it. i iii
ullLJ a 11II1IU
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