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lu' I'M' t 1 it t w t TV. ?Ar7ln. y Jone chamber, ,0X1 JlSf ft through thutchoinx.l I hear the win. I1 hoarno unlit. . ' .ft ceinnr. i. iini Uj-cc-rtflow9,(la4clngvrtl(lly FP ikr lorm Tho ilonr Is mall nnil fast l , Q!fT throjiholaami p!or carpet Ifn mortal foot has passed! T Of warm In-rath itlnithn (W frn 1nn,H tttM ttM at-. ' Yet t Speak' Motirl my trreetlnif, ..'MraifllBgs! aro you itiorcJ" Ks.l!ftVitfjftih.tt testes'. ' ScauanCeus , Selections. I'V.u )VJipso che? kir'now dent their pillows Fsu. T-llrn rrt nnrtn Innw TJlvn rriseii rtnnn unnnr. They dream not ot tho irrayeyard And of the hillocks twain ' snow-neaped to-nUbtr And dripping wui th :j-(Urd I help mo iherstnj1 ' Twelve years I manly, stripling. .Oui- boy, by llilt liad grown I '72' It four rears, or twenty, t.llX 8lhellli9llhiejellil down . . PC ncr whoso baby-swctnfs t A tttTas plater Elttttonl God,- Ami straightened In tho codln, ojj , , , VVcq feet that Ae? cx trod ? . Theso arendt fetrahjrers' glancea x'tont eagerly eok mlnti t. Ikno'WthloYli,g'itriilnlii(f' 1 Of the arm that round rue twine. ThouhastkrptthrmbabeJ, O Kathcrl ."V "Who, toot 'mid ireavenMhawcrs, firm ,( Learning the speech nt'arigelj, , Forget Jhls Jiotno of purs i f r1iint WAitivld nfeth's'atiguitli Tn win Ihi-in fn hrr lirrnikt. U ihcyitledjlnto Iho sunshine- , "Onrco litnUfrom narrow. nes- , i . 'flriycamo tdme whtnlonglrtg i And natns nro at their height. To tell mo of tho solely , iBtftTojMtnW'Jlht :: . f Of thnt eternal dwelling . . i. ' th i" name upon tho door I) ' Tfhe tine of baby Tolces Shall gladden eyennore, Till, 'neath thelr tender soothing, 1 lift my heart and smile, ,t And gather Until and courage t .,.., Tobldoray "little while." . ' .m i !f V. Obitrvtr. Tlio Christmas Lam Wo onco heard n: genial .TowlsJi gcntlR-.-mahiMyyln'peakliiK. of OhHstmanj "It Is a day I always keep heartily In my fiim lly.Vctt lArjiiJflt'IlanVby blrtharld belief." Questioning lilm furthe'r on tho Subject !xo ilrcv frotu.hltn a.stafcmont of Jils rca fc6n (lit, a' praotico so singular In one of his nation, find. It rari somewhat' linthls wlso: " Kvcn you Christians dlfferagooil deal In your theories an to who and what ItUls'jiUrt Josiik'Was, and your tlieolog cal dlllorcnces aro qtilto as marked as aro those which separate my peoplo fromyoui Hut yptr all ngrco upon certain polnts'rcgard mg tho great' teacher, and upon these there Is equal harmony botween you and mo. Whatever I may believe about him, I love tho man who preached tho Sermon , ' on llio Mount, which Is In itsclX tho whole ot morality and religion. Whether ho spoko with authority or not, ho snoko tuor wisely than any other teacher. What ' he said was founded In tho very naturo of i man. - There U no mention of things mala prohibiia In his commands. Ho re ' quired 'jnlv thoso things which aro right always and everywhere, and torbadu only thoso which aro wrong In themselves, and yet obeying him strictly wo should havo no need of any other Iaw,'bumanordlinc. Itulecil'thcro arc two or three of his sen teutemlous' remarks, each of which Is lu Itselt tho sum ol all law and tho sum of nU" righteousness : 'Lovo one another;' 'Thou shalt love the Lord thy God and thy nel-bor as thyself.' Theso aro tho spirit of all his words, mid for these i love nud honor this greatest ot all iriy natloa's prophets.'' Noy, from tho Hps of this wise Israelite "o may, It wo will, hour tho best of all ' t (osslble Christmas sermons. Let us re member, whether wo believe ono thing or anotner in uio way or tncomgy, mat mo spirit ol tho day," and of; the Ono In whoso memory wo keep' It, Is a loving ot each other. And all tliat is best lu Christmas custom has been born of this fact. Wo are never so liapny lu anything elso as wo nro In making others glad. The laugh ot tho. veriest stranger, oven though wo know nothing of Its meaning, brings a smllo to our faces, whllo tho toy of our own loved ones, and particularly of little children, is Inexpressibly contagious. And when that Joy Is of our own making, wo are doubly happy In tho sight of It. ,i lleucu h Is that there Is no such thing as a Kcuulucly merry Christmas without the rlpnlo Of childish laughter running through It. No body has so keen a zest for happiness as has the child to whom thtjjoy of to-day U everything, the tears of yesterday and tho cares ol to-morrow ns' nothing. And so, almost without Jtnowin It. we all irathcr children around tisfor.tho Christmas, and us partakers In their glee wo know a happiness which were otherwise Impossible. And here, too, It Is tho Ohrht-splrlt and tho Christ tcachllig that show themselves im tho Christmas keeping. Wo know what lie eald about thh little ones. And tho giving ot gifts best and worst til all tho Christinas customs was an out growth of tills samo teaching that wo "lovo ono another." So long as the g!v lpg means hut this so long as tho gilt Is only an expression of the lovo wo bear to tho onn to whom It Is given so long as our ifurposo and our pleasure In tho glv Jngare' only that tho loved one shall bo made happy, Just so long Is tho custom tho best ot the ChrUtmas ways. Itut when more sclllsh motives dictate tho gilt when P'hle, arrogance, vainglory, llnd expression In tho giving then Indeed Is It the very worst, ))ocaiso It then fulfills no part or thn law of lovo of whb.k the custom was horn. Hearth and Hume, i: Tho lirst Hnby. Did Vou ever' own' a' babv f l'robabl v not; 11 not, I wish to declare to you that bablds aro expensive, and troublesome to n decree which should nnn.il tho iinliiltla- ted. . Uut tho greatest Invention of tho In ventors Is the firtt baby. It Is anxloilsX ly, anticipated ;unccashfgly prepared for ; and keeps father, mother, relative, doctor, iimrse. servant, and a whole household on tho qui vice fut an Introduction. Upon Us arrival It Is rcomlzcd, fat onco, as a marvel of grace iuid beauty. Everybody about vou Uralses It. Ited as a boiled lob ster, or.a half-burut brick, and without a single wcU-dctlncd lineament, It Is, upon the Instant, pronounced to bo tho exact image; ttv.pa.tcr jamxuaa (iliac is, papa), -audipcrfbct. yu stvpo$eL out Ol ex tremij 'charity to' bo. tho, half-cause, of Its . ')tii.wl.,iMnl ..I An... lit. r'vtl milmn (Wi liiralilN. riulre 'about it.- 'l'he aSeurauco comes, "Itli Is no coodt so healthy; so well dovelooed ; you ought to bo proud and thankful,. It Is 11'., lllessedbq Ood for all Ida mcr tlesl It'ls'noirtjrW. "Granny" Is so de stormlnod to coinnleto vour hannlneta. t. tliat, eventually, you concludoatter'pdiy- uopnpncr ppqn)n uiicrauoes, ineroinay bo soanethIng,up s,taIrs deserving your re gard. In zephyr slippers, 'with', solemn 'IreAd, and senllo countenance, you ap- n roach to enter, tho best, chamber, to' con' gtatijlate ypur wifo uipu. )ier pafcty, and ' wives, etc; for' fultllllng the, great com-i-maiid to Noah after'tho- flood" bo fruit- and replenish tho . uiirth 'I 'nioroughly as,.yoti' maybe acrnmlntcd . with yc;itr.houso; yqu "enter uponjffKra'in cognititi There-Ms ' Jio'-'diiJtliIlA- Js, TOlt expected to find It.' ;Tko a'paruent, Mto I whlph,Uttlo Issachet; If?) bcn.vnicrutt, (Is , flluiiumost to darkness,' Tlalr carries K'Susplclorr pf perfdSfd. UcU still It la 1 It Retinas' tn'oro llko' death tharfJIIfeyou are called to visit, i'hobed is lfjtter clothed and appointed than' over bwuro. Every nruem-,01 ntrnuuro is rentfJkamo tor its jiKithtls. A dlstrbaiJiiffiuneii nl-evalls. Yod, qtch,a,BlmpAofciu-soJf In thft glass. nnd"trcmblo. PiMl man I. Frail s man J (. You. feel you Stave paid your tpAo?;d, Sv'urOd n tlcketJundongagcid pas- i.sagawiiuuuiron, iiy courage, ior yqu i. lor yqu In swad- firii t(io eieet iiuiior oiuaning "iiuug-uanus ana i :-Whlte UlllCI L'HJ' L-a i nienis; long.onoji for a ten-year old7 an f the tienut homo Is tal specjrS utedi'tju. nuMA.H.'a won Vnu klsM It. of course. would bo darigerous. After 'the kin tjiu kind oxpresslons, atyqnr commnnci S,toihollivnl iu iiiuiiivnuu inoiiier. voirreiiro wii imu nuiflled tep and bated breath to your own quarters. If. you aro fortunate enough ; tb haTffany'wysj. i in I arm noon;MlTit.Th'a ICntrllsh r.co. pie, who are trouhl.-d much wltli inud. In consequent of tliolr rainy anil sunless climate, havo fou d wrought iron door niats economic d, useful, and convenient' and are using them In picfcrenw to India' ruuuer uucs. f. I Ml f .i. 1 A. lCIjrPP33L, Editor and VOLUME VIII.- ri'JI; -Nowthat bur little . lntertiallotisl trot'iblos ttbrtilt conscqUrtltlal damages anil Itfiollkb am happily settled, and there Is no danger that my revelations will aug ment them In any dogreo, I think I may venture toglvo tho particulars of an afflifr of honor which I onco had with a gigan tic member or Her Drltannlo Majesty's housohold troops. My 'guardian hhd h special veneration lor linglaud In general and for Oxford Itf particular, and I was brought up and sent to.Vrdo with tho full understanding that St. Hrldgct's Oxon. was tho placo whero I was to bo " finished." I left Yalo at the end of Junior year and crossed the ocean In the crack steamer of the then famous Collins line. I donotbellovo that, any young American ever had a more favora ble Introduction 'to Kngland than I had, and 'the wonderll that, considering tho nhllo-Anctlcau atmosnhcro In which I 'was educated, I did not become a thor- ougu-paccu rencgaue. i was, nowever, blessed with n tolerably Independent spir it, itnd kept my nationality Intact throughout hiy university course. . I.lkoTom Brown, I felt myself drawn to tho sporting set, and, ns I was always att adopt at athletics, soon won repute ns an oarsman, nud was woll tatlsllcd to bo looked upon as tho Yankee champion hi sundry amateur rowing and boxing matches, as well as In tho lccturc-room. Of course, I was tho. mark for no end of good-natured chaff about tny nationality, but was nearly always able, I believe, to sustain tho honor of tho American name, and so at lcugtlL'graduatcd hi tho "firsts" ns to scholarship, nnd.cnjoycd the distin guished honor of pulling number four In the "Varsity eight" in our annual match with Cambridge jon tho Thames. More over, Istood six feet In my stockings', had tho innecjo of tf gladlatqr, and was physi cally the cnuM of any man 'at Oxford. .After; tho race was over.my special cro nies hung about' London for a few days, usually jr.aklng that classical "cave" o' Kvnns'B a rendezvous In tho evening. Two or th'reo young dfllcers of tho Guards woro often with us. and ono nhrht. when tho talk bad turned, as It often did. on pcrionalpowcrs, tho superb average phy slnuo oi their reirlnicut wa3 duly lauded by our soldier companions. At length ono of them remarked, In that aggravat Ingly superior tono which somo Engllsh men assume, that any man In his troop could handlo any two ot tho then pres ent company. This provoked n laugh of Incredulity, and two or thrco of our col lcgo sst turned to mo with "What do you say to that, Jonathan?" "Nonsiinsol" said I. "I'll put on tho gloves with tho biggest fellow nmong tnem, any day." This somewhat democratic readiness to spar with a private soldier led to remarks which I chose to consider Insular, If i.ot insolent, and I replied, supporting tho prlnclploof Yankee equality, until losing my temper at something which one of the ensigns said, I delivered myself In somo such fashion as this : "Well, gentlemen, I'm on v ono LiitiKco anion'' ninnv i'.ii! llshmcn, but I will bet a hundred guineas, and put up tho money, that 1 will tumble one of thoso mighty warriors out of his saddle In frnnt'ot tlio Ilorso Guards, and rido off on his horso beforo tho guard can turn out nnd stop mo." ' Of course my bet was Instantly taken by tho ofllcers, but my friends were so as- lomsncu at my rasnncss mat i lounu no backers. However, mv blood was m. and, possibly becauto Evans's hitter beer was buzzing r lightly In my head, I hooked several more bets at large odds In my own lavor. as mo nour was late, wo separa ted with an agreement to meet nud ar range details on tlio following day, keep the wholo affair strictly secret meanwhile. I confess that my feelings were not of the pleasantest As I sat at my late Loudon breakfast some where about noon the nuxt day, and I was fain to admit to my special friend that I had put myself In an awk waid, It not an unenviable, position. How ever, I was lu for It, and being naturally of au elastlo tempermcnt, began to cast about for a cheerful view of my undertak ing, in me course i.i me uay prelimina ries wero amuiired and reduced to writing with all tho care which Englishmen prac tice in such ilffalrs of "honor." I only stipulated that I should be allowed to use a stout waiKing-sticK in my encounter ; that I should ho kept Informed as to the detail for guard ; that I should bo freely mowed to see me regimental unu aim in quart. rs; and that 1 should select my time of attack within a fortnight, giving a few hours' notice to all parties concerned, so as to ensure their prcseueoiis witnesses. Every ono who, has eyer visited Lon don has seen and admired the gigantic horsemen who slt'on mlghtyblack steeds, one on either side of tho archway facing Whitehall, and who are presumed at oneu to guard the commander-in-chiefs head quarters and to seryo as "specimen uncus" ot tne unest cavalry corps in me world. Splendid fellows theyaro I None of them aro under six feet high, and many of them are considerably abovo that mark. They wear polished steel corselets, and helmets, white buckskin trowsers. high lack-boots, and at the time ol which I .write tncir arms consisted or n unicc oi lieavy smgiu-liarrcicu pistols m bolsters, n caruinonna a saoer, xne nrearms were, under ordinurv circumstances, not loaded. and.the saber was held at a "carry" lu the right hand. 'This last was tho weapon against which I must guard, and I accord Ihl'Iv nlaccd a travollnir can and a coat in In the liands of a discreet tailor, who sewed steel bands into tho crown of one and' Into tho' shoulders 'of the other. In such a way as aflorded very efllclcilt pro tection against a possiuie, downward cut. Besides 'ntteh'illnt; to 'these' defensive preparations. I at onco looked about for acompctout-hprseman 'with military ex perience vno coniu gtvo mo some prac tical hlntp as to .encounters between l.ifan- iryanu.uivHirr, miu; singularly cuutixn, was thrown in with that gallant young officer who rode Into Immortality in front of tho Light Brigade at Ilalaklava a few years afterward. " i learned that ho was a superb, horseman', was down upon tie Ecllsh svBtcni or cavalry training, ond was using pen and. tongue to bring about a cuunge. a Buuucu inspiration leu me to taKo mm into my commence, as mo terms of our agreement permitted mo to do. He' caught tho Idea with enthusiasm. What an 'argumont It would bo in favpr of his now system II ahicro civilian' un horsed a Guardsman trained after tho old hshlon ! for a week lib drilled mo more or less every day in getting him off his horso In varlous ways, and I speedily bo caino'a protlccnt In tho art, ho meanwhile gaining qomu now lueas on me suujeuL which were uuiy pnntcu in ins wen known book. WollWtomako my story' short, I gave notice to Interested parties on the tenth day, put on my stetl-rlbbed ciip'nnd my armor-plated coat, and with stick In hand waiKcu over to a iiirurcescrs wn i wnom I bad previously communicated, had mV. cqmpicxiou uurKoiiCHYtoaHpaiusii oiive, put on n Miq beard, and was ready for service., i nau arranged wim 11114 touso rid artist, whose shop was In the Strand near Nortbumlierlnnd House, that ho should bo prepared to removo tbeSo'traccs 1 dlsuuliu as speedily ai hd had put them 011, aiuf that I should leave a sty'lsh cost and liat In his chartre. to bo donned In hasbj should qocaslon require.- Iljext on gagel two'hoj'd'to stand opposite Natl h umberhmd House, and bo, rpadytp hold a porso, 'heso boya 1 partially paid be forehand, and promised iuoni llhond lar gess ir tqoy UKl lbcinili)ty. j'reilminina rlcs havlnc been thus nrmnueil. 1 slrollral down Whitehall, feeling yery mucl as I did years" rjKr.wariL whou going Jntci fco tlon for thallrettlmo ln Dixie". " " It was earlv afternoon on a lovely spring day, Tho Strand w& u routing mri'iim of oinnlbussua and ilitivii. ear. riagesweru beginning to roll along the drives leading to ltotteu How, and all London was lu tho streets, 1 was ussured i O.' tublislior. that atlfils hour I should find a big but rnthcr clumsy giant on post; nnd thcro ho wasj suro enough, sitting like a colossal Mtnturc 011 rdstoal-hlackchnrgcr; the crest bf his helmet almost rottchln tho -keystone of tho arch under which hrfsat, his nccoutrrmcnts shining Ilka Jewels, and ho looking every Inch n Ilrltlsh cavalryman. I walked past on the oppoMto sida of Whitehall, meeting, without lielng recog nized, all my alders and abettors In this most heinous attack on Her Majesty's QhaiuV'I then croMcd tilt street and took a Idflk atmy mam Ho and his com panion sentry under tlio othsr arch wero nwaro of olllocrs In ''multl" 011 tho oppo site sidewalk', and kept their eves Immov ably to jtho .front. Evidently nothing much short of 1111 rarthqu'dk'a cmild.catio either to relax n muscle. The Utile circle of admiring. bel(oldcrS) which' Is always on hand Inspecting these splendid horsemen was present, of course, with varying ele ments, nnd I had to wait n few minutes until a small number of Innocuous specta tors coincided with the aphelion of tho pcrlodloal policeman. It was not a pleasant thing to contem plate that fower of polished leather, brass and steel, with n man Insldo of It somo forty pounds heavier than I, and think that In n mtrfuto or so we two should bo engaged In n close grapple, whoso termin ation Involved considerable rik for 1110 physically as well ns pecuniarily. How ever, thcro was, in addition to tho feeling of apprehension,- a touch of elation at tho thought that I, a lono Yankee, was about to beard tlio British Hon lu his most for midable shape, almost under the walls of Ttneklnghatn Palace. I looked my antagonist carefully over, deciding several mluor points In my mind, nud then at n favorable moment stepped quietly within striking distance, nnd delivered a sharp blow with my stick on his left Instep, ns far forward as I rould without hitting the stirrup. Tho man seemed to bo In a sort of military trance, for ho never winced. Quick ns thought I repeated tho blow, and this time tlm fellow fairly yelled wltli rage, astonishment nnd iain. I havo slneo made up my mind that his nerve-llber must have been of that inert sort which transmits waves of sensations slowly, so that tho perception of tho first blow reached tho Interior of his helmet Just about ns tho second descended. At all events, ho jerked back his foot, and some how, between the involuntary contrac tion of ids llcxor muscles from pain nud tho glancing of mv stick, his foot slipped from tho stirrup. ' Tills, as I had learned from my Instructor, was a great point gained, and In tin Instant I liadnlm by the ankle and by the top of his Jack-boot, doubling his leg, nt the samo time heaving mightily upward. As I gave my wholo strength to tho ef fort, I was dimly aware of screams and panic among tho nursery-malils and chil dren who wero but a moment beforo my fellow-spectators. At tho samo time I caught tho llash ol the Guardsman's saber in ho cut down nt mo alter tho pre scribed fashion in tho broadsword exer cise. Fortune, however, did not desert inc. My antagonist had not enough el bow room, and his sword-polnt was shiv ered a?a!nst tho stono nrcli overhead, tho blado descending liatways and Harmlessly upon my well-protected shoulder Just as, wltli n liual effort,. I tumbled him out of his saddle. Tho recollection of tho ludicrous llguro which that Guardsman cut haunts mo still. His pipeclayed gloves clutched wildly at holster and canticle as be went over. Down came tlio gleaming xcimet crushing upon tho pavement, and with a calamitous rattlo and bang tlio whole com- nllcated sttueturo of corselet, scabbard. carbine, cross-bells, spurs and boots went into 1110 instue corner 01 1110 nrenway, a helpless heap. That started tho hurso. Tho noble animal had stood my assault as steadily as If he had been cast In bronze, but pre cisely such an emergency as this bad never ucen coniempiaieii in ms training, as It had not lu tliat ol ills master, slid ho now started forward rather wildly. I had my hand on the bridle before he had moved a foot, and swung myself half over ids back as ho dashed across tlio sidewalk and up Whitehall. The Guards' saddles aro very easy when onco you ate In them, and Iliad reason, temporarily at least, to npprovo tho English stylo of riding with short stirrups, for 1 readily found my seat, and ascertained that I could touch bottom with my toes. As I lelt the seeno of my victory behind mo I heard the guards turning out, and caught a glimpse as of all Loudon numlng In my direction, but by tin- time that Iliad secured tho control of my horso I had distanced tho crowd, and as wo had en tered mo sirami wo aiir.ieieu compara tively Ilttlo notice. In driving, tlio Eng lish turn out to the left In-tead ot the right, as Is tho custom here, and I was obliged to cross tlio westward bound lino of vehicles before I could fall In with that which would bring, mo to my b ys. I decided to make u "carom" of It, and nearly took the heads off a pair of horses, and the pole off tho omiilbifs to which they wero attached, as I dashed through. Turning to tho right, I soon lost tho tor rent of in vcctlvo. hurled alter sio by the driver and conductor of tho dlscoinllttcd 'bus. andlu less than tivo mluutes which seemed to mo nh.ago, for thp, pursuit was drawing near I' reached iny boys, drop ped mem a nan gov, apiece, wmcn 1 nau ready, in my hand? and bolted for my hairdresser's, the boys leading tho horso In tho' opposite direction, as previously ordered. I was none too soon, for as I ran up stairs I saw three or four policemen run ning toward tlio horso, und thero was a gleam of dancing plumes and shining helmetfk toward Whitehall. My false beatd ab complexion were changed with marvclouA rapidity, aud, assuming my promenade costume, I sauntered down stairs and out upon sie sldowalk In time to seolio whole street jammed with a crowd ofyxcited Urltons, while tho rc captured'Oiforl was tunled over to tlio Guardsjwm, aul the two boys wero march ed QtWo Bow street for examination be fwya magistrate. silow 1 escaped arrest and pumsumeni. 0 the extent of (Yu law I did not know for manv vcars. AY tho duke of Welling ton, who was- thu commander In-chief, had only to order the ofllcers concerned tinner arrest, ami insuoiiui nave oeeu 111 honor bound to (nino forward wltli voluntary confessle Mv slant wag set: 'or to tho old duke's nrlvate room the dn after his overthrow, and questioned shal iy by tlio adjutant, lo Incredulity, sus- who, with pardonii ne'eted tliat briber uone eoum nayu nil a catastrophe. brought; about So cl tiiq uuko ,was irom the soldier's Iinnei 0 llrst convinced ot ' and brnverv and presently broke in il outliyadlutant'scx- amiimuuu nun- -A3Vcll, welll speak to me now, . What nwMyoutosay ior your- seur "Xr.iv It nle.isri 'vnr lcnlshln." said iho pndlsmAvcd soldier, "I'Vo never fought a civilian seneo I 'listed, an' vcr litdshln will hoar mo witness that mere's nothing iu tlio cavalry drill about resisting a clurga or loot when a 111011 g on post at tlm llnriui Uiinrds.'i Tils speech was delivered . wjtli the nio ptrfeot sincerity and sobriety, and al tlmugN It irejjqoted.upon iho ejllelency of tl(o arnly under tho.lioro of tyateHoo, tho Iron Duke was so much Impressed by tho aflilr tliat lie sept wprl to Lieutenant Colore Vprlan, commanding tho1 regl inont, Jiat t order the man any punish ment whatever, but to sen that his com mand was tliercaltcr trained In view o( possible, attacks, evoitwhen posted In front ol army head-quarters, Charles L.Jtor- f,ijijiltfot(, . Omk can always llnd a sheet of water In the bed of the ocean. Ni'.visn pay a tradesman's bill until you have reckoned It up, OFTIClAii tA?iiti 6p Oregon, jviissouhi, iuiday, january io, Qenorai News Summary. , CrlmrA anil Oasnaltlos. John CcratvaS stabbed, and I.6uls, his brother, was shot, In a fight In nn Italian saldoil, Jn Now York, on the night of December 20, Tho trial In tho casq of Dr. Irish, at .Brooklyn, N. Y., who was charged with tho murder or Anderson, resulted, De cember 20, in tho disagreement of tho Jury. t!, rllM n..U..l ...n,jint f1ft,.rt- A.ii&n jvnuiii uuiuiiiiiivu ouiutiHn.w.wii- lkrtjLlOhio.'on December 2tf, by taking laudanum. Cause family difficulties. A Willlamsport, Pa., dispatch, of De cember 2(if says, that durlngjscrvlcos on the preceding day in tho Baptist Church, In Newbury, Pa., the floor land celling gave way, precipitating abotit BOO per sons into mo ceuar bciow. f ourteen were killed, and about forty Injured, some of them seriously. On.thoafternoon of December 20, the roof of Wlncbo's eplko mills, Philadel phia, fell, owing to tho accumulation of snow upon it. From 100 to 200 persons wero In tlio building nt tho time, but nil escaped without serious injuries except six. A tcrribto enow elldo occurred In the mountains near Central City, Utah, on tho afternoon of Deoembcr 20. At 2:110 'o'clock, p. m an nvalancho 000 feet wide and twelve feet deep came down, and crossing the stage road carried nwoy from eight to ten teams and teamsters, taking them 1,000 feet across Cottonwood Creek. Three teamsters havo x-cn shoveled out alive, but badly bruised. Four moro are known to bo burled, not rescued, and it Is thought impossiblo to llnd them before spring, nlthough from one hundred to two hundred meu nro at work shoveling. freight train ran Into tho rear of an express train, on the Erlo Itallroad, near Suffcrns, N. ., on December 2(1. Tlio rear portion of tho latter train '.His thor oughly smashed, nnd LouU S. Headman, a wealthy resident of Kingston, r. 1., mortally wounded. The flvo story Iron building o. 110 Franklin St., New York, occupied by dry goods Importers, was burned, 011 the night of December 20. Loss 200,000. A largo brick block, occupied by Frank Chapman as a dry goods establishment, at Carbondale, Ills., was burned, on Decem ber 20. Loss, Including two buildings nnd contents adolnlng, which wero also burned, about ?00,000. Tho small pox hospital of tho city of Boston, on Pino Island, was burned on December 20. Loss $:)0,000. A destructive tiro occurred at St. Louis, Mo., on December 20, near the comer of Main and Walnut streets. Two tobacco factories, owned by John C. Ticmoyer & Co. and Llggct & Dausman were de stroyed, involving n loss of over $200,000. A Jefferson City, Mo., dispatch, ot De cember 27, says, that about threo months since Joseph Schell, a well-known citizen of St. Thomas, Mo., died under circum stances leading tlio neighbors to suspect that ho was doctored to death. Now thcro comes 11 report tliat on Christmas night the widow was married to tho at tending physician, and that as a tequel to the marriage ceremony, the neighbors took the man out and gave him a coat of tar and feathers. Forstcr.who was brought from Montreal to Boston tonnswerto tho charge of for gery, was committed for trial, on Decem ber 27, In default of $110,000 bail. A Cedar ltnplds,Iowa,dlspatcli,says that 011 tho preceding day Alro Chambers was arrested at Scriiiiton, Iowa, for tho mur der of Charles Kendall. The Sheriff had the prisoner In tho Scranton depot, when forty or fifty citizens seized tho prisoner, took him out Into tho country, nnd werg going to bang lilm, when he mado full confession of his crime, and was returned to tho officers. In the Stokes talal, at Now York, on December 27, tho witness to.d his story of tlio shooting. Ho admitted ho shot Flsk, but did not intend to kill lilm, and tho shooting, moreover, was lu self de fense, Fisk having drawn a pistol to shoot him. Tho steamship Peruvian was lost oil Capo Cod, Mass., on tlio morning of De cember 27, with all on board. Tho vessel and cargo was owned by William F. Weld & Co., of Boston, and was Insured for $100,000. A lire broko ojit on Long Wharf, Bos ton, on December 27, nnd bcfoiultemld bo extinguished $100,000 worth of prop erty was destoyed. On tho morning of December 27, a train was thrown from tho Loulsvlllo and Nash vlllo railroad between Glasgow Junction and Cave City, Ky. Ono man was killed and fifteen injured. A broken rail caused tho trouble. Tlio Ico gorge, at Memphis, Tennessee, uavo way on the morning of December 27, and nearly seventy crafts of various kinds wero wrecked and destroyed. Tho loss Is very heavy and it Is thought It will reach $300,000. Andrew Strong, ono of tho Lo wry out laws, was shot, on Docembcr 28, at Seuf llctown, N. C., by Charles Wilson. Wil son received $1,000 from tho Sheriff and $5,000 from the State, on delivering tho body to tho former officer. In Harlem, New York, on December 28, tho bursting of tho water back of a kitchen rango killed a lady and fatally wounded her son. A Cincinnati dispatch, of December 2S, says, that two men wero tcalded to death at Ironton, Ohio, whllo cleaning out 11 couple of boilers In an establishment. A San Francisco dispatch, of December 20, 6ays that on December 27, tho Phoenix Mining Company of Nevada, took posses sion of 100 feet of ground recently worked by Hayiuond, Ely & Co,, claimed by botli companies. Tho Pheonlx men erected a a barricade on tho grant, and made other preparations to hold It against Itaymond tt Ely. On December 28, whllo T homas Began, a Phamlx workman, was over looking the barricade, ono of Haymond & Ely's men shot him through the Head, killing lilm instantly. About forty shots ,woro thereupon oxchanged by tho parties without serious results. Tlio rncenix men hold the ground. It Is feared there will bo mora bloodshed, On tho morning ot Decembor 29, a miner named I. Swoetz or, whllo going to work, was shot and dangerously wounded by somo unknown person, Henry Williams, employed at tho Thomaston colliery, at PottBvllle, Pa while cutting lee, on the morning of De cember 20, slipped and lell COO feet down a slope. He was Instantly Killed and his body horribly uungled. The car shops at Adrian, Michigan city and county. wero burned on, tho morning of Decem ber 28. Loss, $7n,000, nnd 150 men thrown out of employment. Arnold & Co.'s extcnslvo print works were burned, on tho morning of Decem ber 23, nt North Adams, Mass. Loss, $150,000. Domestic Intelligence. Gold, In New York, closed, Dec. 23, at 112. Tho Government Directors of tlio Union Paclilo Itallroad made report, on December 20. They say tho read is Iu excellent order, and well managed. A Washington dispatch, of December 20, says tlio President has signed the In. ternal licvenuo hill, nnd that the work of putting the new l.iw Into operation will bo commenced without delay. Tho Memphis Bank suspended on tho morning of December 20. Liabilities $10,' 000. Tho Hudson ltlvcr Itallroad was alto gether blocked up, on December 20, lu consequence of the heavy snow storm of that day, nnd the night preceding. Thero was a heavy snow storm on the Atlantic coast, on December 20, consid ered tlio most sovcro In all Its features since 18."2. In New York, tlio snow was piled In drifts eight feet high, nud travel In the city was almost entirely suspended. Scvtral schooners nnd one steamboat are reported ashoro on Long Island Sotind.and thcraaro fears that ono or two schooners have been sunk, and their crews lost. Tlio snow was two feet deep on a level. Tho heaviest storm of sleet nnd snow ever known In that section, visited Colum bia, South Carolina, on December 20, nnd continued for thirteen hours. A Patterson, N. J., dispatch, of Decern bcr20, says that travel 011 the Erie Ball road is entirely stopped, In consequence of tho heavy snows all along Its route. Twenty three steamers wero Ico bound, at Memphis, Tcnn., oil December 20. An Ico blockado exists at St. Louis, Mo. On December 20, the river was altogether closed. Susan B. Anthony nnd tho fourteen women who voted with her nt tlio lato election, In llochester, N. Y together with tho Inspectors who received tho votoJ, wero each held to ball In tliu sum ot $.V)0, on December 20, for tr'al. On December 27, Gen. Francis A. Walk er tendered his resignation as Commis sioner of Indian Affairs, to take effect hi January. A Washington dispatch, of December 27, says, that parties Interested lu the ad mission of Colorado as a State, slneo the adjournment of Congress, have been looking over tho ground, and have reach ed the conclusion that there is no pros pect of nn enabling act being pascd this session. Tho Washington lltpuhliean, of Decem ber 27, says, that a project for tho annex ation of San Domingo will bo brought forward hi tho House, soon after the re cess, and that It will.-originate on the Democratic side ot that hotly. The Louisville, New Albany, and Chi cago Itallroad was'oIdatNew Albany, on Decembers", nt action, to Geo. L. Schuy ler of New York for $5,000. Mr. Sehity ier represents tho llrst mortgage bondhold ers. A New York dispatch, of December 27, says there Is inci'oa'lng evidence of a con certed plan for the destruct'ou ot New York by lire. Hints about a vigllaueo com mittee aro rumored lu various quarters, and thero Is a probability of a violent movement for tho suppression of tho In ternational and kindred societies. A special from Boston, Mass., dated midnight, December 27, says that ail travel In that vicinity Is suspended In con sequence of the heavy fall of snow. Tlio lollowlng is tho comparative cot ton statement for the week ending De cember 27 : Hale. mi, lis l.ts.o- u ,..i,iai,wi ..i,a-H,.H7 e'.UIll .... IH.OjM ....f.l.'.H 7 i;,.)i,.,i7. ., .Rinl.iU iss,7:!j .... m,o a .... W.USJ Receipts nt nil ports for tho week... Same time 1.1st year Cor Iho year l.nst year Bxpm't for tho week S 11110 time last year For Iho yenr Last year Stock nt all 1J. a. port Lost year At Interior towns Lust year At Liverpool i.ast year... 0117,0 0 Afloat for O rent llrl lain Last year ..187,01)1 Tho ico was four Inches thick at Little Bock, Ark., on December 27. News Irom Abroad. President Thiers received tho Japanese Ambassadors at tho Palaeo Elyslen, on December 20. A London dispatch, of December 27, says thero wero thirty persons lost In tho steamship Germany, ono of whom was an American. A Heme, Switzerland, dispatch of De cember 27, says that diplomatic relations between the Swiss government and the Vatican aro broken off, A Washington dispatch, of December 2S, says that Judgo Bingham will bo ap pointed minister to Mexico. Work and Wuges. Political economy professes to bo a science based on observation. With this principle iu view Mr. Thomas Brassey has collected facts concerning work and wages from the books and subordinates of an employer of vast oxpcrlenco. In the volume lu which his results uro presented to mo pumio no advocates the liberal re ward of labor on tho ground that tlio la borer is thereby enabled to buy moru nu tritious food and consequently accomplish a grtateramount of work. Tho agricul tural laborer, ho says, wltli his wages Joubled, and thereby1 enabled to obtain animal food, may bo trained Into n "nav vy" who wlil do thrco or lour times the work of tho common laborer. Mr. Bras sey also advocates tho reduction In tlio number of hours, nnd In support cites statistics to show that overworked men do not accomplish as much as thoso who aro worked to a reasonable extent ; " be sides," ho adds, "a man who cannot work himself out lu eight hours is not u good workman," Ono of tlio great expui.scs of modern days being tho cost of machine ry mid buildings, Mr. Brassey thinks tho truo economy Is to get tho work out of theso, and by employing two sets of men for eight hours each, thereby keep the factory In full operation for sixteen hours instead of ten, or by threo companies of men tho machines might bo operated for mo wimiu iwemv-iour Hours. Whllo thus advocating an advance lu wages, aud reduction lit time, to eight hours, Mr. Brassey shows that trades unions havo accomplished nothing per manent In the way of advance hi wages, and that while wages In England ha,ve re mained nt the samo figure', they hiive-ilss en from twenty tn thirty per cent, lu Eu ropean Stutea and over one hundred per cent, hi India, where trades-unions do not exist, December Stricter, A ituiNouu Miss Mls-demcanor. m. Tho .Simmons Butchery. Tut? New York Herald closes Its liar ratlvo of the recent horrlblo murder of Duryea. tho lottery dealer, with tho fol lowing paragraph 1 "Ho was very reti cent, and refused to say anything with ro- gntu 10 1110 inurticr. 110 was apparently very cool, and acted as if nothing had happened. He was an Intelligent man, and knew that hanging was played out In New York." Thero Is a world of truth nnd n very rmntrcnt sarcasm contained In theso words. Simmons well know that lie could murder his victim and not be punished for It wltli death. Ho knew that others had (lono it beforo him. He knew thatthu Tombs was full of murder ers In various stnees of lec.il technical! ties, which promised acquittal. So ho Mulshed Ids bloody, brutal work with ns much tang froid nnd satisfaction ns he would have finished h s dinner. When the murder wis committed, and Iho mur dered man lay In tho gutter, bleeding from fourteen stabs, he exorcised him self ns perfectly contented with tho man ner 111 which nn nau done mo (ircatuui deed. In tho Tombs', his only concern was that ids cigars m'ght not bo of his lavoruo brand. Tlio blood 01 ins victim which was upon his head, was of no ac count, but the wealthy, genteel, and Inof fensive assassin expressed some doubts as to whether his apartments would be fur nished sumptuously enough to suit lilm. The dead body of his victim, horribly gashed anil mutilated, as It. was carried pat him Iu the Jail, did not dlscou cert lilm nt all. If ho had ut committed a virtuous action, ho could not havo manifested moro satisfaction, and It was a matter of cxtrcnio surprKo to lilm what the bystanders had found to bo excited over. The reason may be found In the fact that ho Is an observing man, and knows that hanging Is played out In New York rlty. It will be no" matter of surprise to any one tliat the plea of emotional Insanity is already set up. This Is thcdleafo under wmcn no mirtv oilier murderers 111 uie Tombs nro laboring, from the rellned Stokes down to the latest brutal beast who has lived all his life in tho kennel. All of them are emotionally insane, nnd. consequently, their thirty victims, mur dered with cause or without cause, In ilquor or out 01 liquor, lor money or fr revenge, will probably sleep 011 until doomsday without being avenged the victims of nn emotional Insanity which was only of sufficient duration to Insure their deaths, and accommodate the brutal Instinct of the murderers. .Simmons' emotional Ins nitty was of n very peculiar kind, ills victim was a man of slight build : he himself a powerfully built man. and ot great muscular strength. At the very nrt nttaeK no gamed mo advantage, threw Duryea down, and, holding him down, beat htm until lie was helpless and begged for tnerev. But Simmons wa- emotionally Insane and drew his bowle knlte, which, or some other weapon, these emotionally Insane cowards usually carry. Duryea begged for his lite. "For mercy's sak-." cried Duryea, trying to ward oil' the blow, ''don't kill me I" "Kill you I" Shnmon answered, "I'd kill you a dozen times If I could 1" The knife descended over and over again. There were a few convulsions of tlio limbs, and then Dur yea was dead. "He's dead." Simmons said coolly, anil drew ills Kiillu away, lie was nn longer emotionally insane. An officer arrested Simmons. and paid, "Give me the knife." "All right," Simmons re plied coolly, "you can have it now. I don't want f any more." Ho had 110 further use for It, for ho was 110 longer emotionally iiii-ane. witcago tnoiinc. ('linage of Temperature lu the North ern Hemisphere. Mr. Hownrth has been engaged for some time on a series of papers illseus.ng the changes that have taken place to the pie-cut time in regard to the distribution of land and water, and the consequent el led on the climate. He finds that the re suit has been a great Increase In the amount of cold In the far north, ruder Ing regions such us those of East Green land, once capable ol supporting a con-Id- erable population, now entirely uninhabi table, and literally covered the year round with snow and 1. o. Ho says, however, that while the evidence is overpowciing that tho climate hits been growing more evore In the highest latitudes, there Is a great deal of evidence to show the cold has deerea-ed el-ewhere, and that, espe cially ill view of tho accounts given of the clluialeot Gaul and Germany In the Un man times, wo cannot but admit mat there has been a gieat Improvement since that date. Thus we are tqbj ol winters when the Danube and i'linie were fre quently frocn over, and of tho occur rence of the reindeer and mooso In locali ties far south of their present habitat. Ovid laments over tlie fearful severity of Ills place of exllo on the coast of Thrace, and refers to the occurrence of white fox es there, and contemporaneous references corroborate his statements. Mr. Howorth Inquires whether, oven within tlio prehistoric period, the clrciun- nolar climate mav not have been very temperate, when that of moro southern latitudes was very severe. Wo know, iu fact, that during tho niloceno period Greenland onco possessed a Ulmato not tli.o-Imll.ir to the Eastern United States, as shown lu the occurrence of numerous spe cies of trees of largo size, f-otne of them, like our cypress, etc., absolutely Identical wltli our lorest vegetation 01 me present day. .Mr. Howorth also refers to tho gen eral hnpreislon among whalers that ex cessively severe winters In tho moru tem perate latitudes are accompanied by an i.iiqi..I .1. .t (nllilit.xic In tlw, mnm , IIIIC.lt, , Ull.UV. .1..IV...VBU ... M.w.w northern latitudes. Tills wo accept as an augury lu lavor ot Captain Hall's exploration, slneo tlio win ter of 1871-72 was one of the severest on record of lato years; and siiouiii Jir. Howorth's suggestion lie correct, tho cap tain should havo enloyed an unusual free dom from snow and Ice, permitting him to prosecute his researches to great ad vantage. Buehesso d'Aiigniilcmo Pear. Fuller. In his Pear OulturUt, relates tho following tit of romance in connection with the celebrated Ducliesse d'Angou lemo pear : A French nobleman, observ ing his tenant about to destroy a flue. tluilty pear tree, inquired mo cause. 110 was told that it was a chanco seedling. and had horno no fruit iu twenty years. He hail already out Its roots preparatory to the llrst stroke, but was ordered to let It remain. He did so, and lu tho lollow lng year It was loaded with superb fruit 01 an entirely unknown variety, which at onco became celebrated. Tho root prun ing the gardener had given It worktd like a charm. Not many years afterwards, when tho Duchcsso d'AiigouIemo was passing through Lyons, Its Inhabitants sent to her their hospitalities. Nino fair maidens presented the Duchosso with gold en salvers, on which lay heaped this pre cious fruit, and begged her to bestow on It her name, and the pear, now recognized ns Iho crowning glory of all fruits, was thenceforward known as tlio Duchcsso d'Augoulcnie. D10 Lkwis i-ays the neck should bo dressed light v. rrom tlio many move' incuts w IP'. 1 are 111:1110 nv tne uirvnx 111 speaking, It s Inferred that It Is a matter ot great Importance that the neck lu health should bo always loosely dressed Tight cravats are suro to obstruct the proper functions of Oils organ, and brln on irritation which may lead to Droncbltl or consumption. N0N'-!NFLMMA1II.K FA1IUICS. Cotton or lim n poods mav bo rendered non-llillam- limbic by being dipped In a solution of equal parts 01 acetate 01 imiu nnu eiuoriuu ot caliium dissolved in twice their weight I ot water. IVEltMSTwo Dolhu'S por Annum NUMBER 28. Tho Uronn Prliiccso of Prussia. I need hardly say, perhaps, that thcro was not tho slightest foundation for the loollsh story about tho Crown Princess of iTiissia intriguing to get ncr lauier-iu-law to decide ngalnt America on the San man question, nut as 1110 urown rrin cess Is not much known, nnd will proba bly tilnv n front nnrt some, ilnv In Ger many. It mav bo worth whllo to sav n few words about her. SI10 Is remembered chlrfivasab'lcht. chubby Ilttlo girl, very fresh and rosy, nnd alw'avs smiling out ol tho carriage window. Such glimpses ns havo silica been had 01 ncr havo snown only that she has grown more gravo and mahonly. In her adopted country she arpears, ns in duty nouiui, at nil srato ICS' tlvnls. nnil never noiflects her mil Ha tin. ties, but the most of her life Is spent In comparative seclusion. She nnd her bus band from tho first laid down strict rules as to tho sphere of their activity, and have scrupulously nnd conscientiously, re frained Irom anything like Interference with political nffalrs. Tho Prince never hesitates to irivo his on nlon on nny mat ter frnnklr and fhlly when it Is asked for; nut tiii4 is not very oiten, nnu no iias al ways taken care to guard against setting up a little indepeniienr t.ouri 01 nisowp. As for tlio Princess, sho U absolutely nnd entirely cut oil from politics In every sliatie. Her nature and training have combined to inspire her witli a profound respect for tlio nabits 01 constitutional government. Aotlilng could bo more re mote or rorrlgn to me wnoio leno 01 ncr lite nnd character than political meddling. Social questions occupy her attention. Klin has Ldven 11 great liiinnlfe to nil kinds of philanthropic asylums, provident socle ties, etc. She takes n deep Interest In the woman's rights movement. In Its more ra tional aspects: In the ellorts made to Im prove female education, and so expand the sphere of female labor. She carries onn constant nnd voluminous correspond ence with the lea Iers of this and kindred movements In this country, aud they are Indebted to her for much excellent prac tical advice and encouraging sympathy. as well ns more substantial help. The Ouelphs have usually been distinguished by n fair share of shrewdness nnd com mon sense, hut the Crown Princess lias more than this. She is undoubtedly the ablest member of her family; she Ins a quick, robust Intelligence, deep sensibili ty, and a strong i-enso of duty. She Is 1111 excellent musician, and a clever artist both in painting and sculpture: a capital talker; butslio has much more than the accomplishments of the salon. She U an arnest aud conscientious thtukcr, and quite abreast of the Intellectual move ments of tho day. hi her family circle she Is a devoted wife mid mother. An old friend, who saw her Immediately utter the news had arrived of tlio victory nt Kon nlgratz, found her In tears for a child she had lost, and she could talk of nothing else, llaron Stockman, who knew lier well, tieed to say she possessed remarka ble gilts, even amounting to inspiration. In short, slie Is a remarkable woman, ol whom wo shall, in nil probdilllty, hear more in coming years. Cor. A'. 1 . Timet. The Coming Cnnlllct between ltusslu and Germany. Tiik publication of nn order by the YuMrlan War OihYe directing the officers of the genera stall nt Vicuna, like those at Berlin, to learn Htivlau, has created groat Indignation In the Itusslaii pre "Prussia," sayt. the tlmtfU Mir. "makes no secret of the fact that a ci u-ade agaln-t ltus.-la Is one of iho dearest wishes of tin German nation. So long as Germany was real I v frieiidlv to liusfi'i neither the Prns. slan nor the Austrian officers ever dream ed of learning the Hus-laii language, but now everything Is being got ready to con vert the hostile fi cling of thoso countries for Hus-la into hostile deeds." The Mir accordingly recommends that ltussla .should ally herself lo the Scandinavian nations In the coming war "against her most powerful and dangerous enemy." 1110 intrigues 01 me iiauo tow us 111 nit Middle Al'os were. It saws, the chief ol). stacie to the uiih-n of the brother nations ot Sweden md Denmark, and ltussla now bones to effect this union. Tills is appa rently the llr't time that a l!iisian paper has coino forward as tins advocate ot the " Scind nav an idea." for all bough since the events of 1S0I and the marriage of tie Czarewitch to tho Princess Dagmar a strong sympathy has been manllestedln the Busslan press tor Denmark, tills sym natliv has never before extended to the Scandinavian party In Norway und Swe den. Denmark, it was argued was too small ever to do any harm to nu.-iia, while Its position on the Baltic would make It extremely useful if an obstacle to the development of 1111V other Naval Power on that sea. This argument did not. of course nnplv to Sweden. More over, the latter Power has formany years been a declared enemy of ltussla, and still hopes to recover Finland, where thero Is a very strong Swedish party. Pall Mall Qaxette Matrimonial Incompatibility. Tlio Itov. Dr. Peabody, In n late essay touches upon this delicate subject alter tho tollowlng fashion : Tlio truth Is that tiio greater proportion of tlio so-called neompntiDiiiiies aim uiicoiigeiuuiiiics 01 lomestlc Hie which aro so often made tho ground for the disruption of tho matri monial bond, are inailniisslblo as a nstl fjing ground for any such dissolution, and could bo readily overcome nnd blot ted out ol existence If tlio parties most concerned had only tho will to do It. A couple aro no 60oner married man they llnd that differences of opinion and mu tual Jars ensue, and all Is not gold that glistened ; and then ono or both straight way Imagine that there Is no remedy but In ruthlessly breallng the solemn, sacred tie tliat binds them. A vague, restless feeling eelzes upon one or both, producing discontent, engendering a cer tain thomrht of nrescnt bondago which exists only In fancy, nnd creating n fever ish deslru for other associations and spheres which nro supposed to bo more fitted an.l providentially designed for the mind and heart. No escape, it is said, hut In cutting the knot. It Is a delusion. Tlio marrlago relation, In nil Its history, was never expected, perhaps, tobcontlro lyfreo from misunderstanding and dis cords. Foolish to think that tho wholo mutual 1 lo can How and. lino tne early stream, without a rlpplo or eddy, nomo is a school, a discipline, vvnereoy 1111s hnnd and wlfo are to grow into each oth er, getting rid of their angularities, har monizing their peculiar characteristics, und moro nnd moru becoming ono In thought, sympathy and life. Tho truo blessedness of wedded souls Is not Insured by a simple, exchange of plighted laltli. It comes through and after many a sell denial, many a crucifixion of the will, many a scourging of tho resentment, nn nvr. nrhln. vanltv and missions of tho heart. It Is true hero as In other rela tions, that ho who savetli bis llio shall loso It, and he that loscth his llio shall save It. New Moilo of Printing Goods. Mn. Vial presented to tho Academy of ScUnces, In Paris, a now method of print ing upon fabrics by means Of metallic preclpln-ton. An Illustration of tlio pro raissli iccii If wo takn a niece of linen. cotton, or fill: tabrlo. anil soak It for 11 tfirm in . solution of nitrate of silver. Al r- i.vne.tiiir. this to tlio air for a short tlmofor the purpose of partially drying, if wo tdso abovo It n wln, or a casting of zlno. lea I. or coppor, tho nitrate will be decomposed In places where contact has been enroled and the stiver immedlntelv prciipitHtpd In tho form of a black pow- der, repieM-iiiiiiK uiu uiiiigu upon me vimii Iii Its minutest details, and In n laltbful. distinct, and Indelible manner. Every , time tho cola is placed upon tho moist clotll tho Impression" Will bo foifcittM In "tantancously hud pdrfcctly. this not be ing tho rcsultof tlio application of color, but a chemical phenomenon exhibited by tho simple contact of the salt nnd thomet al, whatever lw tho delicacy or extent of the point .of conUitt,, and tho .deposition of tho silver Is mado with such Intensity as to strlko almost entirely through tho material. " ' Simple washing' with water will re move liom tho cloth the undecotnposed sdlt. Tho lint of tho Impression may bo varied at will, from palo gray to lntenso bliiclr. ncronllncr tn the nronortlons of tho sllvor nnd tho material used ni "a "precipi tant, m general it is oiacic, in propor tion to the affinity It has for oxygen, nnd tho degrco to which It Is removed from the sliver. Tlio process of .Mr. vli) Is presented by lilm to tho consideration of scientific nnd practical men for their ex periments, and he feels quite suro that it will take n place of great Impertanco In the arts of printing and dyeing. Seleniif' It Exchange, Bemonlsm In the Mlddlo Ages. During tho middle nacs the devil was everywhere ul'wue damon. There was one rellRlous sect whose adepts wero ever spitting, hawking, nnd blowing tho nose, wllh a view to expel tho devils thcvlind swallowed. " A traco of this still remains In some localities, whrre ono who sneezes Is saluted with "God bless vou I" Such beliefs wero universal; Thus a certain prior of a convent had around him con stantly a guard of two hundred men, who hewed the nlr with their swords; so as to cut to pieces the demons who went assailing lilm. Demons were even cited to npnear beforo ecclesiastical tribunals. A curious nnd a pitiful epoch, when tho possessed aud their exorcists wero mad men alike. This view of hi6nnltv was favored by the philosophical, or rather tho theolog ical Ideas of the times. According to these, man was of a two-fold nature. On tho ono hand was Ms flesh, mere matter: nn the other, the soul, a direct emanation from Deity, passing through this vale of tears, on Its way to tlio ineffable glory of heiveii. Tho body is but the sours d wel-llng-Dlaee a temple or a den. nccordhigl v as Its Invisible inhabitant is tho servant o'f God or of Satan. Therefore, vvlicn the soul Is diseased, tho treatment must re gard the soul alone, which Is governed by laws of Its own, and Is merely In Juxta position with the body for amoment. No doubt the Idea of purity thus held up was sublime; yet the result ol It was the up setting of the body's equilibrium; and this cactcti on mo minu. nut mis tneory d to still moro serious consequences: for It was admitted Into science, and checked the progress of medical art. When in ISiS Broussals attacked It. ho was accused of blasphemy, and of "sapping tho foun dations" of society. Now, however, wo Know mat mo lacumcs 01 mo minu nro not independent oi tho conditions of the o iij. laKo u slight dose 01 sulphate 01 quinine, and you lose, lor the tlmo being, the faculty ol recollection ; swallow a lit tle hashish, and you aro transiently In sane, hi 112.'!. Edelln. a priest and doctor of the Sorbonnc, preached against tho cruel- 01 putting to death poor creatures who wero the dupes ot their own diseased imaginations. On being cited to defend himself beforo a tribunal, lie became .nil dcnly Insane, and was Immured for life, mat is, sunt up uctwecu lour wans, without lood, drink, or light. In tlio six teenth century Europe literally blazed wltli tho fires lighted to punish wltehe? and sorcerers, who wero simply madmen. 1, inner nau a vi-it irom tne devil, rico iella Mlrandola fells of Savonarola's vl- Ions, and Mclaiiclitliou holds converse with spirits. Even Ambiosc Pare, tlio Hippocrates of modern times, believed in possession. In compacts with tho devil. and tho like. The same is to be said of Fern. 1, famous for his calculation of tho arth's dimensions, and of Roifiu, the great Jurisconsult. These great men, with all their sagacity, all their learn ing, would seem never to have heard of the monk Bacon's dictum : "Wocatmot determine by speculation or by Imagina tion what Nature will do, or what endure: all that 11111-t be mado out by experiment." When Illustrious savants like these wero firm believers In demonlsm, It need not eauso us any great surprise to sco eight hundred sorcerers burutnt tho stake with in sixteen years 111 Lorrtilno idone, or live hundred at Geneva within threo months. Heme des Deux Mondes. ri ntot oTI It it Is thought that 1872 lias been one of the worst years of tlio century for po tato mt in tireat lsntain. and mo news papers are urging upon tho government the necessity of appointing a commission to Investigate the matter. Miture suggests that such a commission would have to in quire whether the disaster Is most preva lent in any particular sou ; wiieiucr, as some assert, seed left iu tlio ground through tlio winter enjoys comparative Immunity, ns contrasted with that sown in tlio spring; whether seed Introduced from a distnuco Is safer than that grown 11 tho neighborhood ; whether old varie ties aro dying out and new ones aro com paratively healthy; whether, If tho dis ease can, by any means, bo warded ofl till August lutn, mo crop is men compara tively wife, and many others on which every diversity ot opinion exists. On ono point nimosE an autnoriiics nro agreed, viz.. that the disease generally makes its appearance during thundery weather. Tun coming generation must niako haste If they would see Niagara, for It Is stated upon tho supposed authority of Professor Agassiz, that, In nineteen cen turies, Lako Ei ie, will bo emptied of water. In view of this prediction, so the wit of tho World tells us, tho Niagara hacknieu hnvo raised their lares. In order to uuiku as much money ns posslblo beforo tlio direful period arrives when tho cataract shall bo no more. Allow a man to havo wit and ho will allow you to havo judgment. THE MABKLTH. NKW YOItK, Ieo.80, 1H7S IIEEIT CAT1XK . s.no (313. r.n IIOUS i.irr , 4. m o 4.7V A.7S ft 0.2.1 0,2.1 0 7.1 SO (.J sow 7.10 dt 7.S.1 l.lWKW 1.61 C.1 W IU 40 (3 48 -t 16 (i U5 13.10 S13.71 Dressc.l Snr.KI'-Llve CO'lTON-MMitUnt; L'T nm llAn.1 r. 11.., o.- WI1KAT SnrlnRNo ..'.', rollM Westell! Jllieil. .. OATS Western, New.... HYiv wenwrn I'OKIC Mens, New I.AItL) i CHICAGO. nEEVES-Cholc 0.15 a o.po A.7S 5.00 & 4.(0 & 8.83 & i.M to !8 a to Uool U.VO 8 5 4.2i a vs I'nlt Urntltd , Medina) HOGS Live , SUKKr-Uood to Choice IUTTKK Uliolco ruiin imu,,,, r'LOUll White Winter Kxfni... 8. CO 6lo.ro bpruiK nxtra uIlAIN-VVluMt Spring No 1.., u.s.i a 7.M 1.24 (d 1.24V 1,21) 'Via 1.20( 10W ' HI 21K64 ' CD & 70 (11 (4 07 exo 7 " noi... Corn No. 2 Oats HyeNo. 3...., llnrloT No. 2 , LAUD 1'OllK Mess New, WOOLTnb. wanned , i 11.50 till. 61 so 3d 3 un-wuama ,. CINCINNATI. rTiOUKrtuully WHKAT-He-J ROIIN New OATS New I7.W l.eo 40 so 7.1 a 7.8i & l.bt M 41 A sr nAUI.KY COrrON-Mldillmg m:a 1 in LAlll POltK Mess New IIOUU Live n.i&a.o5w 3,70 8.91 . . JU 18 19 8T. LOUIS! iwrrnwMMiUIno- 50 at is.o-i (kxxl to iTuno. HOuS-Llve KLOUlt-OfX...v.vi ii'iiir A'i' winter J.O. 2 4.A0 if) B.Ot a. 21 3.60 8.(0 & e.tu l.M (-( J.M 32K" -14 COItN-No. SMU4. v. OATS- No. S , 2(1 n . 12. 1IAULKV No. . It Y F .Nfl. 7... 7S ll!!KMrnt New...... ..7..... 1I.7S 1412.10 LAUD ,.-. . .7 Hi Hi WOOlf-Tuti-wuu.ea m ,in-,vM.i MEMPHIS. COTTON M1J. Illng r i.' 'uii-rnmuy ,, CO UN OVTS ,.' l'OTATOKS-rr LrU i...' iiV.,ii,-ol""''"Jf-"l Ki.oim-'ioic .vfKmliyri! Mii fcMiloyi COII.S-MUvU S a () 'IS 1 1. VI - C"ioe I'Ollli- Mina New 11 Ull'-Slll( sl'll ill MUI..1SSKS stilctiy prime l'OIAl'()li8-l'er Url.., CO.l'O.N-lllJdllng n. a (tia.Mi u 78 ii 14 w u,V.v 11 (. M 65 ft 19 3 W M 3 15 10 i IWf ts y- 40 18 ( I8 Too i no" IU ig) 70 41 U to 1 48 1 fit .