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I OBE&OH, HOLT COTOTT, HQ. TWSSSSB rVXET FBIDAT KOKUIHO. ' j-1, . r 'i lXHeVkHUsIa Advance address ah comtumfiATiOHS 10 eRISOK, so. ttfcXS IX CO CXTT. 'Ctrenit Cscj?. EegHlar Term. SJ Monday In April, August and December of every year. to February, May, AttgRst and November of 'Tely Jer, Prelate CVnut. Rrgviar Terms, 2d Mondays I JaiusrT April, July and October ofevcrv FJPtCEKS OF II0I.T COCXTV. 'Seaafsr.. .... atcprttoitatfr K?outt Ji$ ' ".."... CntarrCIerft... Skcrif. CoXnt CJf Trtatrtr..... THOMAS H.PARIUSn K. D. MAKM.AU. R1CHARU COLLISON tiKOUUK ANUKKSON DAN. VAX WOKMEK. J, II. C.CCKTIS. 5. T. LUCAS. SAM. W. MOUIUSON. l.tvYI Ullt.N. WM. A. GARDNER. VM. F. TAYLOR. REUBEN DOWNEY. tttcttcruf DetU... Atsr.. Prov07.. PrvwciKav AMeray. . 5rrffOr-Jioul Com.. Pallic jMsUaiitrator.. Coroner........ It. 11. UUaCCI.. JAMES LU111IRD. WILLIAM A.McCOY.J Wra. HAWKINS. UEUBEN KIXU. Time Table K. C St. J. AC. B.B.K. KOKTU I Mall I I'ac Ex- I SOUTH IMalUSt. I.. Ex jr.. I r. 1;00 A.M lirfl 12:1 1 r. k. 11:45 11.09 10 M 10 31 10:00 S:M 8:l -4:10 .St Joseph. .Xodaway. 3.U I 3- j. ni x-vi .Forest (Xt. I lliSf 11.45 5:04 L", l:Oi .Cralr .l.Vll 1:07, UUiniiiie.lJ' 0-ttL. BAXktl.VG. XOSTGOMERT & HOECREK, BANKERS BROKERS. OUEGOy, MO, LtnMony, Buy Kotes, Diaw Dranson Frm clpal Cities. Collections made. Pay Taw for Xcn-UesMenta. Loans negotiated fin teal Kstate, aaa Investments nia4 n favorable terras, Interest allowed on time deposits. Jnl9T7-ly ATTOKSETS. M. A. DI'FF. ATTORNEY AT LAW, AXI RSXi. E82J.TE AGE 2? T, wound cirr, mo. Attentloa sivfn-to Notarial anil Collection basinets. OrJScsuextdoorup (Ulrs, north or Hampshire Co. -X. It. RSOWLES, j? TTORJVE Y- AT LA TV, KKaL:KST.VTE, COLLfcCTIXG AG EXT mound crrr, mo. reb2-77-tf . T. C. D VX AX, ATTORNEY' AT LA IP SEAT. UT ATE COLLECTING AGENT, OREGON. MO. . Will prsctics (a Holt and aiijolclng coantles. fcbl-TT-tf ZOOK &. pakisii; ATTOREYS AT LAW, " OREGON. MO. rraetie in alltlif Court r Xorth Wstills surt. North ?Ktt Kan&s7 Sontnern Nebraska and Western Jowa. dec SJ 0 tr JAMES L12HBIRD. ATTORNEY AT LAW. PKOSKCUTIXG ATTOIIXEV FOR HOLT CO. OS"- -ip Stahs. over DnciiT Brick: OREGON. MO. Promiitatteattou jlfrn to all busintst entrusted to liu tiara. nor II '7C.tr IIENKT KIIl'TTS, ATTORNEY AT L.iW, OREGON. MO. OFHCE, IX BUleK BLOCK. decU-'7S If CIIA8. E. BARNES, ATTQR2TEY AT LAW JVO QrPRY PUBLIC, Kenl Eatnte, lMaranee,nnd C'alleetlrn Aicsnt, MOUND CI'lTMISSOURI. Will attend carefully and promptly to allbn mras eatnuted to bim. . jau-S'77-tf PJ.' W. ST9KES, AT&OBKEY AT LAW, .., CRAIG, MO. Mill practicif'tn' Holt' and artjulalng counties Jaafi'TT-u;- . 4iYKlCIAXN. Dr. J . A. CAI.LGS, . . 11.0 M (E P A T II I C, Ogpx&Weit JSide of Public Square. OREGON, MO. norJO '7-tr s 1 IXSIIKAXCE. UR, A. G0SLI5, INSURANCE AGENT. OREGON,. MO. CZmCSEKTS THE Contlnenlnt of NY.s CapUul .t.fXJO.fXX) 2Stna. of Hnrtfd, Capital, 7.000,000 drr 15-76-1 r K.TGER, DEADER IV WINE LIQUORS, AXP s. Square, OreF o. 0t. SATILLE, AND SURGEON", EGON MO UIB lirVVHIUURil w iM lens, or Holt, csjintr, maklnR a specialty or ebronlc diseases. All calls promptly attended Offlec at residence. 8, B. I.UREXS. DE2TTI8T. , . Office In brick block over Ir I'ster's atore, 'Oregon, Mo, Dental work of all kinds per. - formed at reasonable rates. Teeth extracted . vlthoatpaln. All work warranted. W. 8. ALLF.N, GEO. C. BKOWN ALLES k. BROwN, PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS XODXB CITT, MO. OFFICE one door jorth or Belker Millers I 1 jr.. tnrr Mir. Jackson's former office) 1 fan conscientiously. recommend the above im as coiapctent ana rv.i"i: ..u.. m t 1 West sldMl Publle PRYSlOim VOLUME XDI S6t Wotm. A HOUBEKEEPEK'S TEAGEDY. Oneday as I wandered. I heard a complaining. And saw a poor woman, the picture or gloom. She glared at the mud on the doorstep ('Wis raining), Aad this was her wall as aha wcilded her broom. " "Oh life is a toil, and lore is a trouble, And beauty Will fade and riches will flee; Aad pleasures tty dwindle, and prices they double, And nothing Is what I could, wish it to be. ' 'There's too much of worrimcnt goes to a bon- v . nrt r. There's too much of ironing goes to a shirt: There's nothing that pays for the time yon waste on It: There's nothing that lasts but trouble and .dirt. 'In March It Is mud; It's slush in December; The midsummer breezes are loaded withdost; In fall the leaves Utter; In muggy Seiember The wall-paper rots endtht candlesticks rust 'There are worms in the cherries and slue In the roses. And ants In the sugar, and mice in the pies; The rubbish orspiders no mortal supposes, And ravaging roaches and damagl -g flies. "It's sweep lng at six, and dustitg aterrn; It's victuals at eight, and dishes at nine; It's potting and panning from ten to eleven; We scarce break oar fast ere wc plan how to time. 'With giease and with grim, from corner to center, Forever at war and forever alert, No rii-t for a day, least the enemy enter I spend my vi hole lift: in a struggle with dirt. "Last night in ni dreliras, I was stationed for ever On a bare littta isle In the ruldst of the sea: My one chance oflir was a ceaseless endeavor To sweep nrrtlie waves ere they swept, over me. "Alas, t'was no dreaml Agaln I behold It! I yield; 1 am helpless my rate to avert!" She lolled down her sleeves, her apron she lulditl. Then laid down aud died, aud was buried in dirt! Select Slcatilng. SPECIE RESUMPTION. Great Speech of Hon. John Sherman, Secretary of the Treasury. The. Financial Policy or President Hayes .Fully Defined. In our last Ibruc we Rave n brief tel. cgraphlc sj-tiopsl of ihe financial por tion of the speech recently delivered by Secretary Sherman at Mansfield, Ohio, bnt, as- the subject is one which Is now receivinnr a large-share of pub lic attention, we have concluded to pnbileh it In full. It will be found the ablest exposition of the financial qnes. lion yet given to the public. After discussing the general policy of President Hayes administration, Mr. Sherman said : SPECIE PAYMENTS. And now. fellow-citizens, this brines tnc to the question npon which there is fotnnch dlversily of opinion, so many ttrangc delusions, and that is the question of specie payments. What do we nie.-.n by this phrase? Is It that we arc to have no paper money in cir culation ? If so, I am as much opposed to Has any of yon. Is It that we are to retire our groenhack circulation ? It so I am opposed to it, and have often so said. What I mean by specie pay ments is, simply that paper money ought to be made equal to coin; so that when yon receive It, it will buy as much becft corn or clothing ns coin. Now Ihe Importance ot this cannot be overestimated. A depreciated paper money cheats and robs every man who receives it of a portion of tne rewnrd of his labor or production ; and, in nil limes, it has been treated by statesmen as one of the greatest evils that ran befall a people. There are times when such money is unavoidable, as dnring war or great pnblic calamity, but It has nlwnvs been the anxiousi care . of statesmen to retnrn again lo the solid standard of coin. Therefore it is that specie payments, or a specie standard. Is pressed by the great body of Intelligent men who study these questions as an Indispen sable prerequisite for steady "business and good times. Now most of you will agree to all this, nnd will only difler as to the mode or time and man ner; bnt there Is n large.class of peo ple who believe that paper can bo, nnd ought to be, made Into money without any promise of hope or redem ption; that a note should bo printed 'scnis is a DOLLAit." and be made a legal-tender. I regard tbfs as a mild form of lima- cy. and have no disposition to debate witbAnen who Indulge In such delu sinns- Thev have nrevnlled tcr some extent at different times In all countries hut their life has been brier, and trtey have ever shared the fate of other pop ular delusions. Congress will never entertain such a proposition, nnd if It should, wo know that the scheme won'd not stand & moment beforo the Suuremo Court. That Court only maintained the constitutionality of the lennl.tender rjroraise to pay a uollar ov a divided Conrt, and on the ground that it wasgssticd during tne war, as In the nature ot n torccd loan, to be redeemed onon the payment of a real dollar: that Is. so many grains ot 6ll ver or cold. I therefore dismiss such wild theories, and speak only of thoso who are willing to assn me as an nx loni on this subject that gold and si! vpr. or coined moncv. have been prov en by all human experience to bo the best possible standards of value, nnd that paper money is simply a proraiso to pay such coined monoy. and should be miiilo nnd kent cnual to colnod money, by being conycrtjble on do- tunnii. DATE OF KESCMITIOX. - .1 i I , 1 ... At iuw iu-j tiuumuu is ns to tne mug and mode by which this may be brought about, and on this subject no man should be dogmatic, or stand without yielding upon a plan of his own, but should be willing to give and take, se curing the best expedient that public opinion will allow to be adopted. The pnrpoBc and obligation" to bring our paper money to the standard of coin have been over and over again an nounced by act of Congress and by the platforms of the great political par tics ot the country. It resolutions and promises would bring about specie payments, we would have been there long ago; but the diversity of opinion as to the mode now twelve, years al ter the war still Ieave our paper money at a discount of five percent. Until this is removed there will be no new enterprises Involving great sums, nonctlve industries; but money will lie Idle , and watch and waltthe chang es that may be made before we reach the specie standard. In 18C9 Congress pledged the public faith that the - Uul- ted States would pay gold or silver dollars for United States notes. Again. Iii January, 1875, alter more than a year's debate, Congress declared that by (he 1st of Januajy, 1879. the United States would pay its notes in coin. The Secretary of the Treasury is ex pressly required to prepare for and maintain the redemption of all United States noted presented at the Treasury on and after that date, and for that purpose he Is authorized to use all the surplus revenue, and to sell bond of the United States bearing four, four and one-halt and five per cent Interest par iu coin. It is this law, called the Resumption Act, now so much dis cussed in the papers, that, imposes upon the office I hold most difficult and Important duties ; and without re plying to any attacks made upon me. I am anxious to convey to you person ally what I have done and . must do in Obedience to the provisions of this act. It Is said that the law is defective, but. If the great object and' policy of the law is right, the machinery of the law, could be easily changed by Congress. That resumption can be secured and night lo be seturcd under this law it will be my purpose to show you, and I shall not hesitate to point out such de fects in the law as have occurred to ine in Its execution. There are two modes of resumption either to diminish the amount of notes to be redeemed. which Is commonly called a contrnc.- tion of currency; or by the acrnraiila-'. tion of coin In the Treasury, lo enaoie Ihe Secretary lo maintain resumption. The one practical delect in the law is that the Secretary Is not at liberty to sell bonds of the Untied States for United Slates notes, but m.ist sell them for coin. As coin is not in circulation among Ihe people, he is practically prohibited from selling bonds to the people, except by an evasion of the law, or through private parties. Uonds are in dcmatnJ, and can readily be sold at par in coin, nnd still easier at par or at a premium In United Slates notes. The process of selling for United States notcs'need not go lar before the mere fact that they are receivable for bonds would bring them up lo par in coin, and that Is specie payments. AMOUNT OF CONTHACTIOX. But the reason of the refusal ot Con gress to grant this authority, often usked of it. was that it would contract the currency; and this fear of contrac tion has thus far prevented Congress from erantlng the easiest; plainest and surest mode of resumption. To nold contraction. It provided that National bank notes may bo issued witbout limit as to amount, and that, when Is sued, United Sides notes might be re tired to Ihe extent of four-fifths of the bank notesnssned. This was the only pulsion tor redeeming United States notes that Congress made or wonlil make, and this, It was supposed, would rednce tho United States notes to $300.- 000.000 before January 1. 1870. Tho ani experiment only proves the folly of the cry wo had for more money. Here Mis free banking a free and nl lHOstKnll raited right lo everybody to Issncmore money but unluckily for vlsionVy theorists, it w.ib money that had toEe secured : not wild cat money. butmoaey that pcoplo could sleep upon withontfcar of breaking. Tho result was thawnder free banking the issue circnWIdk has been far less than was expected. a therefore the reduction of United Stas notes was less. Still there was some reduction. Greenbacks have been retired under the act of Jan uary,1875, to this time to theamonutof 822.905.000 and near 29,000.000 ot cir culation were issued to National Banks: Since the first of March last tho reduc tion of United States notes has been 5,145,261, and this reduction was pre ceded bv new circulation "Issued to banks amounting to near $13,500,000, I do not say that this is the only reduc tion of the currency that has happened, but it was the only reduction that was made by the United Statos. The Nat ional Banks, under a different law and from the very necessity of free banking, nre at liberty to retire their enrroncy ns well as to Increase it: nnd this has been done by them since tho last of January. 1875, to tho amount of $36. 624.612. But this is a reduction effect ed by each bank, guided by Us own In terest, .and tho circulation can salpy nndprudenllyinRjqtaiRyl "It Cimniij THE OLDEST PAPER IN THE COUNTY OREGON, MISSOURI. FRIDAY, There nre now deposited with tho Treasury by privnte corporations. hnnks amllndlvlduals. $57,170,000 of United State's Notes. Of this there were deposited by the .National Banks at their last statement, made June 22, $44,450,000, and they have In the cash reserve held by them $42,500,000 more than the amount required by law, clearly showing that there is no want of currency when demanded for tho requirement ot business. Since Jan. 1, 1877, the United States has Issued $34,236,000 of silver coin, nnd has re deemed with that $21,980,000 fraction al currency, now almost superseded by silver coin, and also holds $8,1C0, 858 ot United States notes for the re demption of fractional currency still outstanding. In this there was no con traction, buta substitution of coinfop iracttonai currency, it was an enor to make the retirement of United States notes depend upon tho Issue of bank nptes. The two had no relation to each other, hwt the retirement of U. S. notes should depend entirely upon the nmount necessary lo be withdrawh. to advance within the. limited time tho residue to par in coin, and the simplest mode of doing this was to authorize their conversion Into bonds at the pleasure of the holder, the bonds to bear the lowest rate of interest that would in ordinary times be maintained at par In gold. To this the objection is made that we convert a non-interest bearing note into an interest bearing note, nnd that is true, but what right have we as a nation, or has any bank, or individual, to force into circulation as money its note, upon which it pays no interest ? Why ought not anyone who Issues a promise to pay on de mand be made to pay it when demand ed or pay interest thereafter? What right has ho in law or justice, to in sist upon maintaining in circulation his note which ho refuses to pay ac cording to his promise, and which he refus es to receive in payment ot a note bearing interest? A certain amount of United States notes can be and ought to be maintained at par in coin, with the aid of a moderate' coin reserve held in tho Treasury, and to the extent that this can be done they form the best possible paper money, a debt of tho people without interest, of equal value with coin, and more coivcnlent to carry aud handle. Beyond this the right lo Issue paper money, either by the Government or by batiks. Is a dang erous exercise of power, injurious to all classes, and Bhonld not continue a single day beyond the.nccessities'tbat gave it birth. ACCUMULATION OF COIN. But If congress should see proper to confine the process of resumption to the present law, wrhave still the sec ond mode of resuming, by accumula ting coin gradually, so that when the time fixed for resumption arrives the Treasury may be able to redeem such notes as are presented. Iu this re spect the Resumption' Act is as- full and liberal as human language can frame it. The Secretary is authorised to prepare for resumption, and for that purpose to use the surplus rcven uc and sell cither of the three classes of bonds, all of which are now at or ibovc par In coin. The power can be. and ought to be and will be executed. If not repealed. This accumulation. both ofs!lver and gold, can be made by arresting from exportation our own production of these metals. This is more than sufficient to supply our wiiits for this purpose, and, fortunate ly, we have plenty ot other produc tionscorn, cotton, wheal nnd fabrics, the fruit of our industry lor export. This country is Ihe greatest producer ol gold and silver in the world. The balance ol foreign trade is in our fa vor. During the last fisal year our ex ports exceeded our imports in gold ynlnc the sum of $106,555,855 nnd this balance is steadily Increasing. This j-ear Providence has t'.esscd us with an enomous crop of almost cvciy pri- duclion of tho farm plantation, nnd tho foretell demand is largely increased by fhe Russian war. Russia Is our great competitor in supplying Europe with bread, and she now will consume her own products. SVe hare now reached tho coin basis in production of commo dities for the foreign market. Our ex portation of home fabrics has Increas ed nnd is in creasing, and wo are now competing with Manchester and Blr minghani In the sale of products that have made these cities famous through out the world. Our manufactories of cotton, Iron, nnd wool now rival In foreign markets the oldest countries ot Europe. AVe have during the five months of Presidcnniayos's Administration made nn actual accumulation of currency nnd of gold nnd 6llvcr coin nnd bul lion of $44,340,832. From the first of May to this time we have ndded to our coin reserve $20,000,000 by the sale of bonds, without disturbing tho money market nnd with gold steadily on tho decline. We have reduced the public debt since the first of March the sum of $29,441,824. We havo conducted the vast operations ot our loans, a! ready referred to, without disturbing the course ot trade or causing a ship ment in gold. All the fears expressed bo oltcn In the papers at theso move ments have been proven to bo ground less. Wo nre now within five degrees of tho specie standard. Wu havo still sev enteen uiordhs before us In which to AUGUST -HI 1877 rj complete the task. The same progress that has been mndo since the first ot March continued twelve months long er, win certainly bring ns to me spe cie standard. I feel confident in saying to you this day that, if undisturbed, with or witbout n change of the law, every) dollar ol United Stales notes will, Dcforc the time fixed for resump tion, buy as much as an equal amount In either gold or silver. A construc tion of the Resumption Act has often been jressed upon the Department that.if correct, would make it still more easy to carry It Into execution. It Is Insisted that the Secretary has the power in preparing for resump tion, to sell bonds for coin, nnd then to sell tho coin for United States notes to be hoarded In preparation for resnmp tlon.3The Department has not . acted upon'any such construction, but has sold gold only in the current course ot bus Incsss, or for the actual redemption of notes supplanted by National Bank notes. If this power is exercised, it should only be in pursnnnce of the plain will ot Congress, and, in the ex ecution of so delicate a duty, no pow er should be used except such as is clearly given. The Act of April, 1876, lor the redemption of fractional cur rency, provides that silver coin may be Issued in exchange for United States notes, and such notes shall be kept ns a special fund and the ordinary cur rency balance in the Treasury, is the only paper mouey of its own. Tho coin and legal-tenders deposited In the Treasury arc the property of private Indlvldtiahvover which the Treasury has no control. I have, fellow-citizens. I hope, without wounsomo detail, gone over some points on this question, of resumption. It Is n dull, but impor tant topic, which effects your dally life, upon which my official duty com pels me to act, and I assure you that I havo only acted upon the clearest " con victions of public Interest. USE PATIENCE WITH HARD TIMES. A currency ot United States notes based upon tho public credit, always convertablo into coin, nnd so limited In nmount nnd supported by reserves that Us convertibility caunot be en dangered, and supplemented by a bank enrrency free and open to all alike, based upon public securities, so that in any event the note-holder Is safe from loss.always redeemable In coin or Unit ed States notes, unlimited in amount ex cept by the wants ot bnsiness this Is the kind of paper money that wilt start a "ruin the wheels of industry, give sails to vour cQtlimSrce. lajborto your art! sans, mis, indeed, would be tnc best paper currency In Ihe world. Let this currency be supported by a public credit asainst which a whisper or a doubt cannot be uttered, and your pub lie debt will be reduced to Us lowest possible burden of interot. nnd will become Ihe great depository of the savings of labor, the trustee of the widow and orphan, the safe rest of capital not employed iu active- Indus tries. These, as I understand them, nre the great financial objects of th's Administration; nnd with your per mission nnd the sanction of Congress, tho President may hope to celebrate his outgoing with your debt reduced to four per cent, nnd every note In the United States worth par in the best coin issued from the mint. -You now occupy tho forefront ot this battle. beseech you to uphold his hands, aud not let the delusions of the hour or the temporary- languor of business, which yon share with tho civilized world. turn j'o'n from n policy which you have sanctioned nnd can now hope to real ize. It "is very common, fellow-citl zens, to hold the government responsi ble for hard times caused by the ebb nnd flow ot trade nnd production. If the crops fall, the Administration Is abused. If wages or prices fail, the Government is blamed. If production exceeds the market made by consump tion, it is easier to abuse some officer of the Government than to find out the real cause. And so It happens that, under any Government, whatever may be its form, if a panic, or hard times, or over-production, or n plstclence, fain ine or plasue comes, the men in oflico arc made the scapegoats fur tronblcs which it is far beyond their power cither to produce or remedy. And so now, when throughout tho world trade Is languistiing, and wages have fallen, and industry does not meet its usual reward, it is quite common tor demagogues to say. "Turn ont the Ad ministration nnd put us in, nnd nil will bcJovclv." Such nrcumcnts are only fit for fools. Human govern mcnts can have but a little Influence over tho causes that produce the rise and fall of prices, the abundanco or want of employment. Theso arc gov erned by higher laws, and Iho puppets that for Ihe lime hold official "authority have as little influence over these great movements ns flies havs over the revolving wheel. At this time our country is the most prosperous In the world, though we suffer to some extent from Ihe satno cause? that bring stag nation lo'lhc Industries of nil commer cial countries. I hnve here copious ex tracts from English, Belgian. German nnd French papers, nil nations of wealth and power, in profound peace, nnd all showing extremo adver slty and depression in trade and prices. The Iron trade in England has pass ed through extreme depression. Dur ing its course some of tho largest nnd wealthiest manufacturing concerns had to succumb to the severe reaction, while operatives suffvrcd in the great est degree by the Increased supply of labor and greatly diminished prices. The iron trade in England has fallen nearly fifty per cent. The Belgian iron trade was almost extinguished, and tho workmen employed were driven to other pursuits. This industry Is the one that bos suffered the most n our own country, while we are rapidly re covering by unbounded, natural re sources, and by reduced cost of pro duction.. I have before rac an English paper showing that the exports ot Manchester of cotton fabrics, especially to the United States, have bees large ly reduced. The amount of cotton, goods shipped to this country has been reduced in five years from 129,000,000 yards to 59,000.000, yards ; , ot woolen goods fronx G.OOO.doO yards to 1.478,000 yards, while our own production has enormously increased, and we are now exporting both cotton and wool ens. In Germany, of thirty-two companies enumerated in a table I have before me, only six show any dividend what ever for the last year, and the ng gresaie accounts show a loss of $1,800,- 000 on the year's operations. Of the silk trade in France, which is one of tho great branches oftheir industry, it appears from a paper I have before me, that there are about 30,000 silk looms at Lyons, and nearly half of these ar idle; The number of weavers now out of emyioyment is roughly estimated at from d2,000 to 15.000 I might, follow these general statements by picturing the distress in nil these great nnd rich countries, compared with which the greatest suffering of our people is in significant. " rnosPEitrrv KETunxixo. With ns the worst is over, and the vast Industry which gives employment fo the great body of our people that ot agriculture is now extremely pros perous. It Is a common sayin? that "the farmers are growine rich,' and as they grow rich other industries will thrive, and trade revive. To attribute the distresses which 1 know you suffer n common with the rest of mankind. to any causes growing out of tho Ad ministration otoiir Government, Is ex tnirae folly. Unlike tfio laws of raot European countries, onrlaws arefratn cd, as far ns possible, to promote Industrj'i'o protect labor.and distribute wealth. Here we giro to every man the same privileges, civil and political. whether he be rich or poor.or whatever may be htfco'ndition. lie must cntei into competition with others, but be bas.no discriminations against him The remedy lor periodical depressions no human mind can point out or ad minister. That must be the result of time, of industry, of economy. No doubt soon Industry will revive, and we may expect a season of prosperity. The poor do not suffer alone from hard times. The first blow must tall upon those who have property investments, which are swept away, snd then the evil fulls upon all classes alike. All you can ask ot the Government Is that It will administer the limited powers conferred upon it with the .same intel ligence and economy that you would expect of private citizens, doing all it can within limited powers to confer the greatest good upon the greatest number. This. I believe. Is now being dono by the National Government. How to Hake a Well. Mr. J. W. Finkhaaj has a paper on "Wells and CUterns" In Scritner fjr September with plans showing how they are contaminated and how they should be constructed. He says of wells; First, of course, the well must be so constructed that it cannot act as a drain for the neighboring soil. This can be done by making the wall above low-water mark of some material im pervious to water, or by omitting this part of the wall altogether. The first can be accomplished by havlnir the wall from n polnttwo or thicc feet from the bottom made of brick with a coat ing of hydraulic cement on its exteri or, or of hydraulic well-tnbing with tho joinings well protected with ce ment; In either case tho earth should be thoroughly packed around the wall, and a slight embankment should bo made around the orifice to prevent the In flow of surface or storm water. In such n well the draining turlnce Is reduced, aud placed nt such a dis tance below the surface ot Iho gionnd. that in tho great majority of instances the Introduction of foreign matter be comes impossible, except In so far as there Is a i-hancu that substances will fall Into the well from above. To pre vent this the well shonld be kept cov ered when not in use. In most cases, however, it is belter to omit tho tipper part of tho wall altogether. After tho excavation is completed-tho wall can be bnllt In the nsnal manner for a dis tance of two or threo tect.moro or less, ns circumstances mny demand; tho service pipe can then be placed in po sition, and tho well arched over. Tho remainder ol tho excavation can then be filled with earth, well packed as It is thrown in, nnd the pipe carried to nny convenient point. It will bo nec essary to place above the nrch several layers of stones successively smaller to prevent Ihe fallins ot earth into the space below. The workmen will probably suggest a layer of turf or straw to accomplish this object, but the presence of cither of these substances will cause tnewa- OTMBER 10 ter to be unpleasant for a considera ble time, and will prove the cause ot inach annoyance. There is a prevallcnt notion that a well must be ventilated for the pur pose. of allowing noxious gases to es cape; aud that water is better for.be lng exposed to the air. I hardly need state that the only noxious gascs in a well ., gases which render the water unwholesome) are the products of the decomposition of organic matter which has found its way into the well in ways which ,have been, described above, and that the. water as it flows fa its snbtcranen passages Is more per lectly aerated than it can la . any other way. MISSOURI 7ISB; LAW. TheEocent Act of the Legislature for the Protection of and. , to Prevent tho De struction ofFlsh. At the last session of the Missouri Legislature a nsw fish liw was passed, and all post laws on the subject re pealed. According to the new act it is not lawful. 1. To place in any river, creek.pcnd. lake, slough, bayou or other waters of the State, any medicated drng, fish berry or eoculua indicus, or other poisonous substance calculated to poi son, kill or injure fish ; nor to place In such water nitro-glycerincor other ex plosive substance, for the purpose ol kllliug fish. 2. No person shall be allowed to place or maintain across any of the waters of Ibis State, or in front of the month of auy stream, any slene, net. trammel-net, bag-weir, fish-dam, trot or other similar device, which shall prevent the free passage offish np or down In any such streams. Nor shall any person be permitted to use any such means or device for the pnrpose of catching fish in any waters solely npon the premises of other persona without the written consent ot such ow.-.er. Nor shall any person dnring the months of July and August of any year, by means ot such device catch or take any fish in any of the waters of this State. For the violation of either of these provisions the offender shall be deemed gniltyot a misdemeanor, and upon conviction be fined in a sum not less than $50 nor more than $200. or on failure to pay this fine be imprisoned in the couuty jail one day for-each dollar of such fine and costs. Circuit and Crimnal Jadges arc re quired to give this act in special charge to the Grand Juries, whose duly it will be ti indict all violators. Auy person who shall give Informa tion which shall lead to Iho conviction ot any person guilty ot violating the provisions of thb act shall receive as conpenatioh one-half of tnysum that may be recovered against such persons for the offense. Any person knowing of any such de vices for kil!ingor capturing fish may seize and destroy the name, and shall notbe liable toowners thereof by suit or otherwise. Nothing in this act shall be construed to prevent any person from erecting an'! maintaining any dam according to law for the purpose or navigation, or running mills or other machinery pro vided that sncfi person 6baU be requir ed to Dlace npon such dam a chute or apron, so that fish may pass up or down the stream, such chute or apron to be not less than ten feet wide, and in no case to have an inclination of more than 45 degrees. Whereto UetWorlc. While all tho northern and "western States arc filled with "tramps'- who complain that they cannot get work, the Southern States are crying for men to come and help them harvest their crops. The New Orleans Timet says: "It is estimated that on nearly every planta tion a large amount of cotton Is permit ted to rot in the field, for the simple reason that a sufficient number of hands cannot be sucured to pick It." From the begiuing ot September until the end of the year, the same authority calculates that fully ten thousand sober industrious laborers could find steady employ mcnt at good wages." Ilerafter, Instead of going west men out ot employment should go south. If they can tramp their way from New York to the Kansas border without a cent in their pockets, they can just as easily tramp a tew hundred miles in another direction. The Democratic State Convention of Maine, which was held last wnek, was presided over by W. L. Putnam, who said, on assuming the chair, that one of the chief sources of trouble in pur government was our Inflated currency. He evidently don't agree with thoso of his western brethren who are yelling for more greenbacks. Harvest expectations in Minnesota have been mora than realized in tho yield as ascertained since threshing began. The wheat crop of this won derful grain-producing State is now set down at the enormous total of 35, QO0.0O bushels, leaving a surplus tor export from 26.000.000 to 33.000.000 bushels. The avarage yield thrQugh- ont tho Slate is now estimated ul twen ty bushels to the ncro, IVBLOSO ZT2SY MOAT HQZSZft At l.s6 Per Akbhih ia AdvaHCe OB 921 JIATLT.UQ rSIrtLI UKVm At Eom XlTtec States-.- Advertising R4-FurHiseI ea APPI.ICATIjr. AsMtMM All Ci The BmmtKKi, MM3f, 1 A. Use for Graashojj srs. From the New York Tribune. Mr. Bcecber has been credited with a remark to the effect that it mankind ever discovered the use for tae grass hoppers, their scarcity Instead of their abundance might ultimately become & cause for complaint. Prof. C. Y. Biley madca brilliant effort a year or two ago to Introduce the grasshopper as an article ot diet, and cited bis' own gratified sensations on eating the In sect fried, stewsd, roasted or in the shell, giving the preference to locust fritters. Bat converts ar not often r made quickly in matters of taste, aud Crot, Riley; with sorae'of hla conterres, came near being mobbed once for their experiments in the kitchen ot a West ern hotel. There is, however, a new department ot usefulness for the grass hopper, nnd a promiiiinjcaa. Locusts, properly prepared and salted, have be come an article of export from Algeria to France, being found an. excellent bait for catching sardines, and already the Norwelgins find a railing off In tho demand for salted cod-roe, which used to be sent to the Mediteranian ports in large quantities lor sardlue ''bait. Whether America cart compete with Nortti Africa in supplying France with cheap grasshoppers ' may be an open question, even If the Trenchmah nave not imposed a tann on toe lor eign insect to protect it in the Alger ian colony. But possibly there may be some American fishes that would, find salt 'hoppers qnite as toothsome as,. the sardines do. Not the "American sar dines," however, since they . are, the menbaddeu, and cau be caught with out bait. The. chub, according to the best of school-day rrcolcction. prefers bis grasshopper fresh.but prob ably salt-water fluhes wouMw not object to bait that tasted of the brinel Ayoug lady from the South, was wooed and won by a youthfuL yhys Ician living in California. -, When tbu engagement was made the doctor w.ts rich, having been, very successful at San Francisco. It had not existed" six months, however.-when, by an unfor tunate investment, be lost his entire fortune. This event came upon-aim, it shonld be added, just as he was about to claim his bride. What does be do? Why, like nn honorable young fellow, he sits down and writes (he lady every particular of the unhappy tnrn which has taken place In hts fortunes, assur ing her that, it the fact produced any change In he feelings toward him.' she Is released from every promise she has niatle'hir-r. "Anu'w&a.t iteS5ih"e"3ear. good girl do? Why, she takes a lump of pure gold which her lore had sent her in his prosperity as a keepsake, and having it manufactured into a ring, forwards it to him with the following Bible Inscription engraved in distinct characters on tho outside: "Entreat me not to Ieavo thee for whither thou goest will I go, and whither thon. loos est will I lodge; thy people will be m'y people. and thy God my God ; wheru thou diest will I die, and there will I be buried-: the Lord do to roe,, and more also, if anght but death part me and thee." ... Father, are yon a repudIatlonIst?n Ye8,my. son." "What Is a rep udiationlst ?" "One who poes not want to pay the State debt." "How did the State get Into debt, lather?' "By borrowing money, . rny'chlid." "Did the State Intend to pay back the money when It 'borrowed it?" "Cer tainly, ray son." "Father, Mr. Jones, the livery man, owes yon some money for groceries." "Yes." "Didn't you say the other day that yon couldn't get principal or interest?" "I believe 1 did, my son." " Well.father I've been thinking that perhaps Mr. Jones Is a repudiatloniit-" "That's different. Ue is a prlva;e citizen.'' "Oh, I see lather! But do yon tbiuk. it ijgbt for the State to repudiate her debts and not JetMr. Jones repudiate his?" "My oi7, the. subject is one yon do not un derstand. Here's fifteen cents ; run up to Hizzinl's and get some icecream." Richmond (Vu.) Enquirer - Ixuia is this year afSlcted with one of its oft-recurring famines. . !A CaU nutta dispatch states that in tho Madura presidency 1,600.000 people are being fed and more than half a million havo died. The governor of tho presidency states that the famine area contains $18,000,000 people. At a public meet ing at Madras on the 9th Inst, n res olution was adopted providing that the principal cities of England, Scot land, Ireland and India be informed ot the famine and be requested to extend aid. If anybody should get hungry In tho United States a certain portion of our population would at once call lustily lor tho government to alleviate the hunger by issuing a few millions otpa per dollars. The British Government has provl ded by statute far a complete system of arbitration between employers and the employed, extending even to th fixing ot wages. As the term "arbi tration' Implies, alt theso matters la dispute between labor and capital are, ot course, to bo adjusted in this way oaly by thq consent of both partial but tho statutes provide tor tho organi sation of such tribunals, and for carry ing their decisions into effect. It is something of this sort that the labor reformers demand in this country, and with the example of Great Britain be fore us, tho subject Is certainly on deserving of ftlr consideration.