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FRIDAY, AUGUST 31. 1877. 0HESO1T, HOLT COUHTY, MO. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY M02NIHG IfUBLIBHED StESt FRIDAY HOBHTSO. At 1,50 Per Annum in Advance OB 021 JEATLY AID FKOKMLY HE3BE8 At Lowest Living Rate. Ai 1.5 Per Annum. In Advance ASBXE93 Ali COJOmSlOATlONS 10 'A' The SEJTTINEI,, OREGON, MO. CURTS IK jtOLT COOSTT. Ctrrstt Crt. Regular Term. Sd Monday in April, August and December of every rear. Cf Cotrtttegolar Terms, 1st Mondays tn rebrown My Angnst and Xoverabcr or tvery Jar. IVoSclc. CoSit. Regular Terms. Jd Mondays la January April, July and October or every yean OFFICERS OF HOLT COTJSTT. Stnator. RefretmUtlrt Cat Jtifrt - " ......... Cdtafr tlcrfc.l-..m... StfrflT Caefr.: Oixf Trettertr .... rvmir fInt . THOMAS II.PABR1SH U. D. MARKLAND. UlCHAUU collisox GEURUK ANOEBSOK DAN. VAN WORMKR. J. IT. C. CURTIS. t i.nr.s SAM. W. MORRISON. LEVI ORK. WM. A. GARDNER. WM. F. TAVLOU. EliUDEN DOWNEY. K. H. UUSSKL. james i-iyniim. , WILLIAM A.MeCOY.j Wm. HAWKINS. REUBEN RINU. tcrlri Dttis Astsssar, ..... Prihtit Jnif . ...... Prntcttint Altvmtj.. Siruigart- Rf Com. iaItc jUsiiRtraw, . Cro en . ttaeTkkl K. C.8t.J.4ftB.E.B. north I Hall I Pac Ex-1 i SOUTH Malt -St. I.. Ex r. H. Hltt 11,08 lOuVt 10 30 10:00 ;3S B:il 3.-90 l:J7 S.M 4:15 4:U 5:04 : BAXKXXQ. & ROECKER, BANKERS BROKERS, X) REG ON; MO. t.-aiUnT, BarNetei.Diav Draft n rnn clpsl Cities. CUectI6a raade. Pay Taxes for Xoa.Resideul Loans negotiated n teal Estate, aaa Investments madt an favorable tarsal, Interest allowed SB time deposit. Jan IB 77-ly ATTOKXET. H. A. DUFF, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND REAL ESTATE AGENT, mound (5rrr, mo. Attentiom given to Notarial and Collection basines. Ofllcs next door tip stairs, north of Hampshire A Co. I, k. rnowles. j9 TTOJtNE Y AT LA IV, REALIESTATE. t COLLKCTING AGENT mound enx mo. feb2-77-tt T, C. DDItfiAS, . AT TOJRNEY AT LAW -RBAL KSTATK A COLLECTING AGENT, .OREGON, MO. Will practice ia Bolt and adjoining eoantics. fM-77-tI . ZOOti fe. PARISH, J1TTOREYS AT LA If. obegok; mo; Practtea tn all Ihl Courts f North Weat Mla aenri, Nartli I2at Kaniai, Southern Nebraska and Western Iowa, dec 2176 XI JAMES L.IMD1BO. ATTORNEY AT LA IF. POSF.COTNU ATTORNEY" FOR HOLT CO. 0$'& tp Sldirs, over DacicC Brick. OREGON. UO. Prompt attention Ives to alt business entrusted to his car. cor II 'TB-tf lESRY 8HUTTS, gTTORA'EY AT LaW, OREGON. MO. OFFICE, IK BRISK BLOCK. 4eeU-' tf CHAf. E. BARKER, ATTORNEY AT L'AW NOTARY PUBLIC. Rami Katal, IaaHrance, nod CIleetIn MOUND CUT. MISSOURI, ' Will attend carefully and promptly to all bu ses entrusted to aim. Jan-S'77-tf J. W. 8T0KE8, ATTORNEY AT LAW. CRAIG, MO. Will practice In Halt and adjoining counties Jan '77-ta HY8ICIAVK. Dr. J. A. C A LLEX, HOMG3P A TH I C, Oficc, Wat Side of Public Square, OREGON, MO. norto '7t-tf " IKSI'RAKCK. DR. A. GUSLIS, -INSURANCE AGENT. OREGON, MO. aaraciaxTS Continental of N. T. :f apltil 4.000.000 JBtnt, of Hartford, (Mpital, 7.000,000 sltaU-TC-lr If. J. CEB, WIUP .t Li Oil Of? S . AND 3a s, West aid or ftb2-77-tf Sgaar, Ore job, lo. BR. TSIXE, FMYSWIAN A D BURGEON. OREG Oiferi bis tirofefsional services to the citl zens of Holt county, making a specialty of enronte ruseasea. a a , calls promptly attended to. OsHee at residence 8. B. LUKEN8. DENTIST. Offlce in brick block over Ira Pster's store, Oregon, Mo. uentai won or all kinds per- lormeu ai reanFui run. icein exiraciea witkott pain. Ail work warranted. W. fl, ALLEN, GEO. C. BROWN ALLEV Is. anoni, PHYSICIANS AKD BURGEON 8 XOTJNB CITT, MO. "FFICE one door orth of Belker Mlllsrs I I rov iinr,. I rr. Jackson's former oRIcel I ran conscientiously recommend the above Ana 14 competent and reliable physicians. j r Jacxssx. "VtSo .stJoMph. i;w I$i ofliway. , lir.'T JU3 .Fnrls.... mil 4:13 .Forest Uy. .11:50 4: iltigelow.V 11 AiU -Craig 11:07 :Cl .Corning... 10-24 sf i Off MO a VOM'ME XIII SDMMB'i(00N-DAT D&EAM. Theleavea are etlll the breezss huehed- Or sins; a drowsy number, And all throughout the draamy day The golden hours slumber. The ripples Idly lapse alonr Beneath the noontide gleaming; Oh, sure, the drowsy summer time Was made alone for dreaming! Within my quiet chamber floats A slumberous breath of rosea, And in tb softly shaded room, Mlence Itself reposest And liquid lusters on the wall, Cuol, ripvllng waves resemble, As to and fro, with motion slow, The leafy thadews tremble. A sense of silence and rpoe Or slow and tranquil motion, A murmur, as of sleeping winds Upon a sfeeptng ocsao t '' And Softly o'er my senses steals A luxury Elysian; And all dtlights of drow.y sens Are mingled in ray vision. Oh, chiding voices, wake me not, Nor turn my rhyme to raagon ; For life is mingled work and play Ami aach must have Us season. The winter-time for studies ts.ll. The spring for pleasure's sclitmln Autumn for the poet's thought, And summer-time for dreaming! A QUEER COURTSHIP. You know how it is in a letter (be gan tbc little ebop-kecper, rubbing her tbln bauds together helpless r). I was writing to brother Joshua away down East, hundreds of miles away from here, and happened to tell blm. among other things, thai the widow lady that helped teach school here, and boarded with me, was going away. I didn't say a word one way or the other about Mr. Steele, lor what did it flatter to them whether he was a ty rant or not? I only wanted to tell tbcm I'd been at a c;ood deal of ex pense in fitting up the room, and I didn't mind her board money o much as I did to have the chamber idle again, and nobody about the bouse but myself, though she was poor company at the best, bciug sickly in constitution and. low in spirits (he most of the time, and alter, a while nearly driven crazy by the continual badgering null bicker ing of Mr. Steele Sbe used to come bouaext night that woru out, what with tbo wickedness of the children and the eternal nagging of the schooi mastcr.rthat I've 6een her put her head down on the table and cry lit to break her heart. Sbe Mid she couldn't please him. do what she might, and it was mining her nerves to see him beat the boys the way that he did. Sbe was sure he'd bteat some of their bones. 1 tried to cheer her as best as I could, telling her that boy' bones were tough and the little rascale deserved to be paid up for some of their deviltry. After an hour or two she'd come around again and be comfortable, bnt. lame! what was the use? The next ddy, perhaps, she'd be worse than ever, and the creature's health began to fait so, I was glad whea she gave up and went nway. She was very down hearted, Sam Riley, the stage-driver. said, all the way to the train, and be gave it his opinion that Mr. Steele was uo better than a black-hearted t' rant. Sam is such a good-natured fellow that it quite wore npon his mind, and he stopped a bit with me on his wav to the evening train to tnlk it over. I wanted him to get some little things at Pikeville, and while I was making out the memorandum, Sam told me how he pitied whatever, poor body was to take that poor creature's place. Yon can jnst fancy how I felt when Sam drove up to the door that night, and I went out to get the package, to sec brother Joshua's daughter Jemima on the seat with Sam, chatting and laughing away as merry as a cricket. I was powerful glad to see the child. bnt dreadfully mortified to see her tucked in there with the driver. I told Sam pretty sharply that he ought to know better for there wa6 plenty of room inside, and I didn't know what the boarders over the wa' would think of It. "Sbe was bound to ride ontslde," said Sam: "and a willful woman must bave her way.1' "Why. Its all the lasnion up our way," said Mime. "The summer boarders 6warm all over the tops of the coachesallke so many bees; but it it hnrts any body's feelings I'm sorry A school-marm must mind oer p's and q'a." "A schopl-mrm P" I said, wonder- g what the child meant. Then fchc Id me she'd come out to take the poor woman'! place ; that she'd written to Mr. Steele as toon as my letter was read at home, for she couldn't get along at the school there. It wouia take a saint to put up with their airs and Interference, and you know I like to have my own way," said my niece Jemima. "Yes," I laid, for I had known Mime's temper from a child. Any body could seo from ber hair how fiery eba was ; bnt the dear child was Just a the good Lord had seen fit to make her, and I. for one, never hold red-haired ricoDlc accountable for freaks of tem per. Only yon can see how ridleulons it seemed to me for her to teach under Mr. Steele. "Out of the frying-pan into the fire. Mime." I said. "The school 1 master has It all bis own way here, and he's little better than a brotc. Pve seen tinder my own eyes a woman's heart almost broken with him." Then I went to tall how he had tormented that poor widow woman into giviug. np the place, and how I'd seen her worry and fret till the skin fairly drop ped otT her bones. "Pooh! pooh I" said my niece; "the skin won:tdrpp offtny bone, aunty." And I couldn't help thinking what a pity it would be if it did, for whiter and finer and wbolesomcr skin I never did see. It was of the kind that so often comes with red hair, and a iov Hcr color never was in a blossom that bktoomed in Mime's check When she cried out. "I've cot to flcht it out somewhere. annty; let him mind his Ibwri "business, and I'll mind mine!" My heart fairly warmed to the girl as she sat opposite me at the table. crunching slice alter slice of toast be tween her white teeth, and dcrourlng the dainties one by one. The little widow bad been so finicky, and I bad such a poor appetite myself, that things cams and went upon the table, and were warmed np and fussed over till n body got tired of seeing them. Then she was my own flesh and blood, and bad the ScLoonmakcr note, a lit tle high with Alimo, and freckled over the bridge a bit, but sbe was u bonny, blithe, iiesh looking creature, so differ ent from tbc wretched little woman thst bad just gone away. I couldn't bear the thoughts of her spirits and health being broken by :hat dreadful Mr. Steele. "I'll tell you. Mime," I saldns she dried the dishes for me, "what we'll do. You shall slay at homa with ulc and help about-the shop; there's bon nets now and then to trim, and lots of little knicknacks in worsted-work to be made." Now, aunty." said -Mime, "a buffa lo would be less clumsy in trlmmlug a bonnet than I would, and as for wors ted-work" "I suppose so." I said, for I could sec sbe was determined to teach. The next morning she went to school, and for a month or so every thing went right, and I didn't hear a word of complaint from her. She made fun cnotich of the school-master, and said he didn't know how to manage the boys, and made himself more trouble tbnn was necessary; that a coaxing word of hers went farther than adozn slashes with that rod of hlsbnt ovcry one. had their own way. anil "It was. none of her business. Sho was get ting along splendidly, and the smaller child l en were quite delighted with a way she had of picturing out things on the blackboard. Mime was quite ready with her pencil, and had made hs laugh. Sam Riley and me.many a time by scrawling off funny conceits on pa per, aam iiiiey uegan to urop in ai night,and I noticed he was quite taken with Mtme. Sam was well to do. and outside of his Hue of 6Uges. owned a fine honsc down the main road. Sam didn't mind being hit off himself once in a while him and his horses and passengers and all; be used to sit back in his chair and laugh till the tears rolled down bis cheeks, and look over at me. wiuking and blinking, and whispering under bis breath, what a wonderful woman 6he was. "She's as fresh and as handsome as a rose," he would say when Mime was out of the room; "and what health she's got', and what spirits !" 1 could see how things were eolng. Dear! dear! I used to sit and picture it all out to myself, and think bow nice it would be to bave Mime settled near me for life. So when sbe came home one afternoon from school, with a bright spot burning on either check, and angry flame in her eyes, and said to in$ that war had begun between her and M&Steele, I didn't so much mind, for I thought the sooner she got dis couraged the better. Sam was well on thirty, and though Mime's skin made her ioobyounger than she was, there wasn't sV much difference as you'd think hetwoui their ages. "He's ingnutlen my illustrations on the black UKird, annty," said Mime; and though mdidu't know one bit of board from mother, I could see by the way she felt Mout it that it was a great spite to Ime. "He calls them pernicious andexcitingto the imagin aticn, and iidurkous to more practical requirements',' tHii&Teraima. And I couldn't quite get ng of his objec tions, for every word of the school-master's was as long as the moral law, but I could tell It was some imposition of bis. 'He's a narrow-minded idiot, and I shall tell bin) so if be persists in tbi s notion,' said Mime. "If he persists," I said, "you'd better give It up. He's so set in bis way, there's uo ute crossing him." "I wont let blm cross me," said Mime, and sbe didn't. She went on with ber pictures on the blackboard for a full week or more, till one nigut there was a rap at the sittlng-ronn. door, and it crave rao quite a turn to see the Jong bony figure of the school master standing on the threshold Mime started up. a hot color leaping Into her face, and stood there confront lug him like a young Jczobcl. The.iuan looked pale enough him self, sinking into the chair I set for him ns if ho was quite worn and spent like, nnd he seemed bent out income way for though he fixed his eyes savagely on Mime, there was something ia 'cm that THE OLDEST PAPER IN THE COUNTY OREGON, MISSOURI. FRIDAY, looked tired and hnnted. I have come hero to remonstrate with your niece, madam," he said to mc, "though I've found it ot very little use nnd profit hcrclofore ; but however capable and efficient she may be, and however judicious it may seem to retain her services, her spirit of insubordina tion is too dangerous an example to the naturally rebellions and headstrong temperament of youth. She must con fine herself strictly to the rules that govern the method of instruction. The trustees " ,. "Don't put it on the trustees," broke in Mime; and I was glad she took it upon herrclf to answer him, for I couldn't make out head or tall of what he was, saying, what . with hs long worfls and the flnster I was-Jin. "The trnstecs arc mere lay figures forfyou to dress your petty schemes of coficeit and tyranny upon." He waved his hand impatiently, and went on: "It is the will of tbs trustees that you shall put aside the puerile and reprehensible course you have taken in exciting the imagination and creat ing frivolous and mischievous emo tions. The pursuits of my own class have been interrupted, their attention distracted" Why don't jour class mind their own business?" said Mime. "Why do you look at mc, or listen to mc, or bother with me at all ? It Is not your class that is disturbed, Mr. Stele, it is yoiu" The scnooi masters iace suuuen- ly reddened, then grew paler than be fore; be wiped the perspiration from his large high forehead, and bis bony finger actually trembled on his knees. I don't wonder he was mad, for Mime went on in the mo't outrageous way. Her snunk was up. and -she wasn't a bitalrald of him. "You can-'t bear to see knowledgo made easy nnd pleasant," she said "You'd like to knock ovcry iew idea into the brain with a sledge-hammer; you bate to look ovei at tho children and me. aud sec us makcing light of our task it's gall and wormwood to you, Mr. Steele." "Hush, Mime !" I said for I could see that he was getting more and more excited, and I didn't know but what he'd flinc the lamp at her head, or something. But he mastered himself. and up he trot and went away without another word ; and pretty soon Sam Riley came in. I thought we'd have n nice evening, for Mime was in. high feather;, and sit ting down to the table, spe caught up a pencil and made the school-master lake every ridleulons shape that she could. Her eyes shone and her cheeks clowed. and I didn't wonder Sam couldn't take his eyes off her face. "Say the word, Mime." said Sam, "and I'll pnuch the idiot's head." Who are you calling an idiot?" said Mime, turning straight upon Sam "If you had the hundredth part of his intelligence, you might be glad." "I thought you railed blm so your self," said Sam, meekly, for he was bead-over-ears in lovo with the young termagant. "If Idld,"8ald Mime, "it l absurd, and I'll never do it again. No, Sam, I'll -beat him with his own weapons. I'll go to the trustees myself. If he can wheedle coax them, so can I; and if be can bully them, perhaps I can do that too." "You can do any thing ," said poor Sam. And soon after that Mime said she was tired and sleepy, and sent Sam off, as cool as you please. Then she got on her feet and walked about the floor, and I could see she was terribly put out and excited by the school-master's visit. "You'll wear yonrself out for noth ing." I said, for it vexed me to see her all in a fret that way from mere spite. He'll break your health and spirits like he d'd with the poor little body that was here before yon." I don't believe all those stories about that woman, aunty. I've found out she had heavier troubles than those put upon her by the schoomaster. You mustn't believe all that you hear." That was the way with Mime she was that contrary when she was vexed that klie'd swear black was whito, and take the part of tho Evil One himself. Sbe began from that time out to fight hard for her own way, and it got to be pretty well known she was winning over the trustees. The children had never liked any one as they did Mime, and iittlo Bill Fritcbard. that used to play truant half tho time, and would raj her take a beating any day than be put up in school, went there as regular I as clock-work now, and began to mark out horses ami dogs with a stump of a pencil blmselfjand Mr Fritcbard he was one of the trustees, and thought tue world and all of myjnicco Jemima. But some how or. other, just as I said, the continual worriment of it fret ted Mime, aud the got thin and lost ber pretty color; aud the night sho came home and said sho had got the best of the scbool-master. and the no tice bad been served on him that day that he was to let her bave her own way of teaching, that night I made up my mind that it was about time it was settled in so mo way, lor Mime was more fidgety nnd contrary than ever; and I don't believe ovcry thing would have turned out ns it did if Mimo had been in her sober senses. Tho girl was about half wild, and I don't be lieve she knew what ehowns about; SEPTEMBER 7 1877 for H stands to reason that she must navc bated the school-master, nnd yet when I began to glory over bis defeat. and say how glad Sam Riley would be, she shut me up in a minute. Sam Riley and Mr.Stccle," she said. are two very different men.' I should Jibpe so,' I satd. Sam is made of a different stuff she went onto say. 'The little pricks and torments that sting the soul of Mr. Steele to madness would bo utterly un felt by Sam. Sam is a good fellow' Thank yon lor Sam,' I said, for she was enough to provoke a saint. Brit he has not the capacity for suf fering that Mr. Steel? has; and oh, Servo him right, the monster,' I said ; and had scarce got the words out of my month when there was a rap at the door. I went over, thinking it was Sam Riley, when there was the thin. gannt face of the school-master again. Ho came in and bowed as grave ns an owl, and sat down on a chair by the door: his cano rolled flown beside him on the floor, and for a lull minute or so he couldn't find a word out of that long dictionary in his bead. I was- glad to see that Mime's spunk came back at the sight ot him. Her eyes wcro as bright as they, could be, and her cheeks like the heart of a hol lyhock. My crnnd hero, Miss Jemima,' be began, Ms altogether a friendly one. You have so mnch pirlt and, determi nation that I think yonr present subor dinate position Is nnfit for yon. I know of one that will be shortly vacant, which yon can fill with great credit to yourself and all concerned.' I'm much obliged to you,' said Mime, her lips beglning to carl, and the color in her cheeks deepening to a flame, 'bnt I'm quite satisfied where I am. I can well understand that you'd be glad to be rid of me, but I must beg to decline. I'm not going away from here.' Bnt J am going awayt from here,' said the school-master; .gcttlBg npon his feet. ''It is my placa thafcwlll be vacant, and that I think you may have if yon choose.' 'You you !' said Mime; and Idon,t wonder that the child was astounded at the news. I was quite flustered my self. 'YesA.sald the school-master; you ca.n have your own way now.' And he wentrornt tne uoor, Dowing hw.h.iiuij -' . if- n - . i , i - i ...Km as he went, a queer miserable smile struggling into his face. Dear! dear ! the contrariness of wo man ! No sooner was the door well shut on him than Mime put her hoad down on the table and began to cry. Her balr got loose and fell all about her, and to make the matter worse, I heard a footstep outside, and this time 1 thought it must be Sam Riley. For goodness' sake. Mime,' r said don't let Sam Riley see you In this way !' But tho door opened, and there stood the school-master again. He said he had come back for his cane ; but he naver even stopped to pick it up, but stood staring at Mime as It she was a ghost Instead of the fresh, pretty. wholesome creature that she was. She raised her head, and though her face was half hidden by her hair, her eye lashes were wet. and the tears not dried, yet on her cheeks. Th 6chool-raaster not minding me any more than if I was a block of wood or something, walked straight over to Mime. Yon know very well,' he said, 'that I am only going away from htre be cause I love yon. Because it was not ths class that was distracted by your pretty ways and devices ; it was I. You know all this very well, and can tell me whether I hud better go or not Now tell me, shall I stay ?' You wieht have knocked me down with a leather when I saw Mime pti her band out timidly to the school master, and he turn pale and catch it in both his own. Of course not,' I broke In, for I was near distracted by tho way things were going. 'If you're an honorable man. and got any sense left, and an eye in your head, you'd seo that my niece is as good as engaged to Sam Itllcy.' Sam Rile" !' said Mime, as scornful as if poor bam was a toad or some thing, and holding on to ths school master's horny hands ns if she was drowning. Like cuongh they'll beat her somo day, and If so she'll liko blm all the bettor for it, for before I'd got out of the room I beard her tell him she'd teach any way that suited him best: and my only hope is that he's got a little money laid by for he said he didn't iutend sbe should teach at all. But, dear! dear! when I heard the crack of Sam Riley's whip outside, nnd kuew the evening stugo was in, and Ham not knowing what was . in store lor bim, L had to go up stairs und have a cry all to myself. And all I can say is. if Mimo marries the school-master. it's a mighty queer courtship. It is understood that one of the qnes Hons put to all applioants for life as surance in Mississippi Is ns follows: "Aro you ruptured, subject to heart dlscaso, of nn apoplectic habit, n Republican, or in any ether manner likely to die suddenly?'' THE TOTS. My little son , who looked from thoughtful eyes, And moved anil spoke tn quiet, grown-up wise, Having my law the seventh time disobeyed, I struck him, and dismissed With hard words and nnkissed His mother, who was patient, being dead. Then, fe iring lest his grier should hinder sleep, visited his bed; Hut found kim slumbering deep. With darkened eyelids, and their laaheiyet From his late sobbing wet. And I, with moan, Kissed away his tears, and left others of my own; Far on a table drawn, beside his head, He had put, within his rrash, A box of counters, and a red-vined stone, A piece of glass, abraded by the beach, And six or seven shrlls , A bottle with blue bells, And two Franco copper coins, ranged there with careful art, To comfort his sad heart, Sowhen that rilgntl pray id" '. " " To God, I wept and Slid Ah, when at last w He with tranced breath. Not vexing thee In death, And thou rememberest of what toy We made our Joys; How weakly understood The great commanded good, Then, fatherly, not less Than I whom thou hast molded from ths clay, Thou'lt leave thy wrath, and say ' ! will be gsrry for thy childishness." Select Mtaoing. Signs of a Prosperous Farmer. When you see hU barn larger than his house, it shows that Se will have large profits and small afflictions. When you see him driving hi work instead of his work driving him, it shows that he will never be driven from good resolutions, and that be will certainly work his way to pros perity. When you always see inhiswoou- housea sufficiency for three months or morc.it shows that he will bs a more tbannlncty days' wonder In farming operations, and that he is not sleeping In his house after a drunken frolic When ho has a house separate from the main building, purposely. for ashes, aud an iron or tin vessel to transport them, it shows that he never built his dwelling to be a funeral pilej tor his family, and perhaps himself. When his sled is boused in summer, and hi farming implements covered both winter aud summer, it plainly shows that he will have a good house over hi head in tho summer of early life and the winter of old' age. When bis cattle are properly shield ed and led in winter, it evidences that he is acting according to the Scrip turo, which says that "a merciful mau is merciful to bis beast.' . ! 1 I . I ! H ' Lessons From Vital Statistics, A gentleman employed as a medic al director tor an insurance company occunied last vcar in making a sort of w general survey of the subject ot longe vity. To this end he collected the his lories and experience of 180 men who had passed their threescore years and ten. Of this number over seventy, flftv-eiffht were over eighty, ten over --rj " ninety.and one had reached the ninety sixth year. A serien of questions was propounded to each, which, when com piled into general results, furnish some curious and interesting data. At the age of thirty the time in their lires to which inquiries concerning their habits were dliected, only eleven were below the average in bodily vlg or. wbilti eighty-five adjudged theai selves to be above it. Only eight ans wired the question in this negative "At that ago was your voice full and strong." A great majority had spent their lives In the country. But very few had any vacation or systematic recreation, but, on the contrary, gave to their business a uniform nnd steady attendance. Their occupations are classed as follows : Fanners 75 ; work ing at trades, C'2 ; merchants, 2C. while on ly 17 were in the liberal professions, Almost without exception, they ans wcred that during their long lives they went early to bed and were early to rise. Serenty-flve answered that they resembled their tamers tu leatures, and 71 their mothers; others resm bled both parents raore or less. One buudred had blue eyes. 41 gray. black. 14 brown, while 83 had brown hair. 70 black. H "light," and 11 an burn. Only two answered to having gray hair at thirty, while of this whole number at the time the answers wre given twenty-four only acknowledged to "nnv evidence of baldness." This m-jv annear the more singular as 151 were married at or before they arrived at thirty, leaylng only a men tingie, on, i that 55 of this 29 subsequently en ri1 Into the matrimonial estate, leav !- null- four bachelors out of the u.-hnlt number. What a lesson this teaches! Yet ihrn are others nuite as iustruclire Vnr prmnnle. 126 used both coffee and tea. 30 tea alono. coffeo aloac, leav-ino- bnt 8 of this lona-Ilved number u-hn used neither. Only 3 answered tiiMtthev were vccetarlans. all the others using both animal nnd vegetable lootl. In regard to tobacco It appears that or thlrtv there were CI who did not use It In any torm while 113 reported Its use either In smoking or chewing 5 not nuswerlng but In no cue was snuff taken. A. recards the use of liquors, at at thirty. 64 were total abstainers, and 30 others became such later In life. Seven answered that they were Intern- nerate at thirty. Only thirteen or fourteen were habitual users either at thirty or afterward. Tho remainder, who classed themseWe-' at using it onlvoccasionly," decreased from 103 at thirty to C9 later In life. Of all this number of old men. rang from seventy to ninty-six, all were able to take exercise on loot, and mnny to tlo more or less work when these In quiries were made. The figures tell in a rreat measure the secret of long lite. Home, temper nnei rpri!5ni mill intre air will not onlv sweeten bnt lenmhen the lives of all of us. Indianapolis Journal. NUMBER 11 SATELLITES OF MAES. Prof. James C. "Watson's Descrip tion of the Satellites. From the Detroit Free Press. Observatort, Anx Arbor. August 27. The oplnion'.has often ben ex pressed, in tho writings of astrono mers, that It is qnite probable that Mars, like the other major planets beyond the earth, is attended by one or more satellites ; but since the planet is Itself small, it was conlcctnred that the satellites would be found to be of a diminntlve size, and hence idiffl cnlt to discover. Tho favorable oppor tunity to look for these satellites is when the.planet Is in -opposition, as at present, and hence relatirely very near the earth. Since the surface of the planet and its surroundings bad often been carefully examined, when in op position, and no satellites were repor ted as having been seen, it was regard ed as impossible to find them without further increase ot optical power. The United States Naval Observatory, at Washington, now possesses the larg est refracting telescope in use, in the world. It has a clear aperture of over twenty-six inches. The present, oppo sition of Mars furnished an opportuni ty to look for any satellites which. might exist, and Frpf. Asaph Hall, of tho Obseivatory, has .succeeded in discovering two. The first was dis covered Ausust 11. but on account of cloudy weather its true character was not determined until the night of the 16th. It was observed further on the four nights following, and sufficient observations were obtained to Indicate qnite approximately the elements of Its orbit around Mars. Messrs Alvan Clark & Sons.ot Cambridgeport, Moss the opticans who constructed the great Wxshineton telescope, have In their possessions similar object glass con st rue ted by them lor Leander II. Mc- Corralc, of Chicago, and, by means of this "lass. Prof. Hall's Important dis covery was confirmed on mo ism, On tho night of the 17th lust., while observing the new satellite. Prof. Hall detected a second and fainter one still nearer the planet, and this, too, -was observed on the three following nights, so thai the elements of its orbit are approximately known. Bv these discoveries. Mars takes its place as a planet attended with satel- iitcs.and tho analogy Is complete lor the major planets exterior to the earth TJieTalne.of jhla.niscore.ryJttdcpcn.- dently of its adding to our knowledge of the bodies which compose the solar svslem, consists In Its furnishing a cer tain valnc of tho mass or attractive force of Mars. The motion ot n satel 1 ite about its primaiy enables astron omers li determine accurately the mass of the primary, and hence the pcrturba tions which this planet produces in the motions ot othsr bodies ot the solar system. In the casa of Mars the mass has been determined by computing its supposed action and then comparing the results with observations ot precis ion. The planet Is so small, being onlv 4.100 miles in diameter, nnd its mass so small relatively, that the per tnrbatlons produced by it are not sufficiently great to indicate by the discordance with observation, a very exact evaluation of this mass. The French astronomer. Lcverrier, who has made the study of the motions ot planets thczreat work of his life, has constructed accurate tables of Mars and bas.by a comparison of observa tions determined the value of its mass The value which hs has thus found scarcely differs from that which the satellites now show to be its true value, and hence no sensible change Is produced in the values of the quantities which depend npon it. The ouler satellite revolves around the planet In thirty honrs and twelve minutes, at a mean distance of 14.430 miles from its! center. The Inner oue revolves in seven hours and thirty- eioht minutes, at a mean distance of only 6,770 miles. The smallness ot these satellites makes it impossible to form any estimate of their diameters by direct measurement. The only way in which these can by found is by com parisonot their light with that of tho planet itself or with that of soma other bodv whose dimensions are known As your readers may be enrious to know what the probable dimensions of these satellites may bo I have made a calculation by comparison with Jupiter and Its satellites and with Saturn, "np- oiube assumption that equal portions of the surfaces of these bodies have equal power to reflect tho light of the ami. I publoin the separate results: Diameter, in miles, of Satellite 1. Satellite a. By comparison with M"ars 3.C 2-1 Jupiter 5.5 3.4 Jupiter's satllltes5.2 3 2 Saturn -4.5 2.8 In taking the mean of theso results, which are as accordant ns could bo ex pected, it is proper to assume that the necessary conditions aro more nearly satisfied in tho comparison with Mars itself than In the case or me comparison with tho other bodies named, and hence It should have greater welaht in determining the final resnlt.I conclude, therefore, that the probable dimen sions ol these bodies are as followe : Miles. Diameter of the outer satellite ....41 Diameter of the Inner satellite ....2 The distance of the former from the surface of the planet is 12.370 miles and ot the latter 3.710 miles. Their maximum apparent diameters, when seen from tho surface of tho planet, are respectively, 75 sec. of arc and 153 Advertising Rates Furnisc.2 oh-? ""appucatjox. , . Address) All Cornmoalcatloas to The SESTJXEI., OBEUorr. xo sec. of arc. As seen by an Inhabitant of the plan et Mars, tbc outer satellite will cross the meridan once every five and one- hall dajs, while the inner one will pass . u . t . mc luciiuiuii uuce every cibven aim three-fourths hours. There will be frequent eclipses of the satellites and rapidly changing phase". Frequently, also, they will be seen as small black, spots making the transit across the disc of the snn. One of them will bave an apparent diameter otonlyona '' twelfth, and the other of only one twenty-fourth that of the moon as seen, from the earth. . James C. Watson. Good Kanners. The essence of good manners is kind' thoughtfulnessi of others. The man , " aw v sv wat uuiu aaa - oiailJ w . ing and talking throngbths corflderif siammlngbis door, and slinging' his boots down heavily upon the floor, is- merely brutally selfish. He is not. aware that he owes dutleslto other neo- pie. who will be affected by his con- duct. He docs not think that he rnde- ly awakens some one to whom sleep Is indispcnsiblc, and whom he has iio right to disturb. Haydon'a plctnre ot . the man in the chop-house, waiting for , the Times, which his neighbor has- 1 T.I r , i i. i i . i i . uciu lur au uum, iiuu i cviueiuiy uriii- npon boiuing until be has read ail tbc advertisements. Is an illustration jtt, - this common selfishness. The jtalji and conduct in the'ears are sen'erallv - signs of vanity or a morbid self-con sciousness. A well-bred mad -keeps ' bis toothaches and headaches to him--: self, and does not assume that strang ers are interested in his digestion'.' A' well-bred woman keeps her children quiet, and does not assume that all hrr rellow-traveiers mnsi share ber loud ness for them. If Mrs. P.. with her vivid sense ot Mr. P.'s peculiarities , and of her fine house and equipage, could only once know how supremely . unimportant any individual is. how well the world fared before Mr. arrived, and how unshocked the uni verse will be by his departure, she " would be a modest and Wcli-manucred - woman. That knowledge, indeed, -would be a general corrective of mau- . ners. A certain kind of. personal, con ceit often accompanies undeniable su periority. There are men. liko Lord Chatham, who use to have their going and coming regarded as events, to move with a pompous bustle, and to be constantly recognized as great men. very taste is constantly accounted to them lor weakness, nnd their Influ ence is just so far lessened. DEATH OF-ATUsklSR PASHA.V The Last Momenta of Gen. Aziz- Symptoms of Insanity--HbW' J he Bode Into Battle-' ' ' Whiskinsc AwayJ ' Bui- C ". lets with His" From the New York Times 1 A war correspondent writing lroni Yerna. sends ns the following transla tion of a letter written him by an aid-de-camp present at tho battle of E irdje. It is dated Rasgrad, July 31 and rnns as follows:" "Yon will uo doubt be very anxious to hear from me; and as I have some little time to sparu to-dityI avail myself of the occasion to give you some details bt the lastjno ments of Aziz Pasha. Thongh one of the rarest Generals we possess, he bail, unfortunately, for the last few !ays shown symptoms of insanity; to such a pitch had he arrived that his staff be came alarmed; usually so affable and tractable, he suddenly, only four day s previous to the battle, soured in depo sition, and threatened to blow ontih-i. brains of the first man, who bad the hardihood to speak to him. Two days before the battle threo Basbi-Bazonks who bad committed some crime were brought before him and he shot them with bis own revolver. The day of thj battle be arrived at the village ot Esirdje; the officer of the advance guard, a Lieutenant, who had observed the Russians ambushed In the forest, approached his General and announced hts discovery. The General replied by drawing hit sword, which he tbrut through tho neck of the Lieutenant, saying. 'What! yon are afraid of thft Russians?' and lie continued advanc ing toward the forest. Suddenly ho was assailed by a perfect hail of rill jt bullets, which showered npon him from the two extreme ends ol the for est bnt still he advanced with one batalion. The commander of this bat talion, who was by bis side, implored him to retire.whcn the General replied. Are yon also nfraldof the balls!' No. replied the commander, but we arc go ing to sacrifice our battalion ; it's exist ence is at stake.' Tho balls weru whistling around them, and still the General advanced with bis single bat talion, another following him up closely. A Russian battalion at this moment rushed from the forest, bnt was com pletely annihilated by tho Turks. Tito Russians then opened fire from .-ix field guns hidden In the forest, and Azl. ordered forward three only in re ply, forbidding the second battalion to advance. The whole ot tho division was very near, and a Lieutenant Col onel, seeing the danger. Immediately sounded the clariou for tho division to come up, but tho general shot ut and missed him for giving orders without his permission: nil remained tberctore behind, tearing to risk the fury of Pasha, Raising his riding whip and cracking it wildly over his head to whisk nwav the nvlns bullets a it were, he rode on to death, receiving a bullet in the torebeadJWhich killed him; those behind him did not perceive his fall, and went on bravely lighting with the enemy. A Brigadier General fell mortally wounded, as well as two Col onels. The Generals own aidedc camp tried hard to save the corpse, dracging it along by tho leg; he wan set upon by a Russian, to whom ho gave his quietus with his revolver the Russian hail previously fired on him nnd scorched the side of his uni form ; the nido-de-camp still kept on dragging by the leg nntil he sa .v a squadron of cavalry bearing down on him. when he fled and hid himself in a ravine. If the act of folly for which he General suffered had not pre vented the division lroni taking part in the fray, I do not think a single Russian would have been left to tell the tale, and should besides hayctaken their aitillery."