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TJIE LI1TLE FOLKS.
Alno Icnrs Old To-day. I've something boautifal to say ; Hurry, sweet Jessie, dear ! You know I told yon yesterday ' My birthday was bo near. Last night after roy prayers were said, Before we kissed "good-nignt ' And inanm a tucked me in my bed .i"t'k,1 Or took away tho light, . She suid : " Dear, in s day or two ' . You will be nine years old; What prftcnt shall I get for you? ' A shining ring of gold ? . A picture, book, b? bird, or toy?" I said : ' A. doll the 6ize Of one I have ; but get a boy That laughs and wink his eyes . " " For Doll, like me, is often Fad, . . No brother.dear to love, ":"' And that will'-nrnke us both so glad ' Yon 11 we how good IH prove.": She kissed niao'er'and o'er again ' -'. : Pear mother lfps ! dear tearfalfacff-v I saw it then, how care and pain ' Had Jof t wilb her their trace. . .' ' Xochougkofobyaorisorofs,-" My eyes were wide- awake ; . 1 prayed to God that he would keep ?ji . . Me good for his dear sake. But hero I'm crying : so are you ! -., .. I've something sweet to say, ' And something beautiful to show, wlje the tears sway. Now listen, Jessie :'l have got Oup.of. what ? My birthday gift ! A baby-brother mother Iwnght, As big as I can lilt! And bo can wink his cunning eyes, And has warm ilesh like mine! Old ever child have such a prize, Wuose years just number nine? Hearth and Home. The Children's Crxisnrtc. A TRE STORY OF THE MIDLE AGES. At the beginning of the thirteenth century, Europe was. jarred by numer ous wars ; some of them were domestic, and others had been undertaken by royal or noble adventurers, greedy for conqnest. Fire and the sword had passed from kingdom to kingdom ; the people were impoverished, and sick of violence and war. Civilization was at a low ebb, and men everywhere were wary of their long struggles for peace. Into this condition of society came way worn pilgrims from the Holy Land, bringing tidings of the wretched plight of the shrines which Christian hands had reared, and telling harrowing tales of the indignities heaped on holy men who went to worship or pay their vows at the birthplace and sepulcher of our .Lord. To these appeals for succor there was no respsnse. The country was poor and the people tired of wars. A cru sade would not pay. The popular re ligion of tie times was not much bet ter than heathenism ; and the threats and entreaties of priests were alike un heeded. In the gloomy old town of Cloyes, situated in the part of Franco now known as the Department of Eure-et-Loire, in 1212, lived a young lad named Stephen. The scant history of the times tells us only that lie was a shepherd boy ; that he was about six teen vears old, and that he tended n flock on the hills of the Loire, which flows through tho town. His family name is not recorded ; he is known in history only as Stephen of Cloyes. Stephen had heard the passionate ap peals of the priests, and had seen tho tears of returning pilgrims as they re counted the perils of the way to tho Holy Land and pictured the sufferings which our Lord had endured through his disciples at Jerusalem. His heart had been stirred within him as. ho saw that there was no one to help the dis tressed church and her faithful cross bearers. There to him appeared, one day, a strange man, who commended his zeal and pious tears. To the wonder stricken, rapt youth ho announced him self as Jesus Christ. He gave him a commission to preach a crusade to the children, jiromising that he should lead to Palestine an army that should occupy tho land and restore the Holy Sepul cher. Into his hand he delivered a let ter to the King of France, commanding the monarch to aid the heaven-appointed apostle of tho new crusade. Filled with rapture, Stephen flew to his parents, told his marvelous story, and exhibited his celestial letter to the King. The simple people listened with amazement and perplexity. They asked for the heavenly visitant ; but he had disappeared as mysteriously as he came. "We can only guess who and what he was. Probably he was a priest of the neighborhood, who, hearing of Stephen's kindling enthusiasm, had disguised himself in pilgrim garb, and had thus visited and misled the simple boy. Stephen soon proved how apt a pupil he was. Fired with strange ardor and gifted with great natural powers of ora tory, the lad kindled innumerable hearts with burning zeal. Leaving Cloyes, he went to the city of St. Deuys, then famous as the burial place of the martyr Dionysius. Placing him self before the shrine of this early vic tim tot the' rage of the heathen, he ad dressed the multitudeswho came thither to worsip. The people heard- with awe, not un 'mixed with doubt. The religion of th: time was overlaid with much ridiculous superstition. Legends of heathen dei ties ;were intermingled with monkish tales and lies. Divine, appearances and' angelic visitations were Tjelieved to be common ; and not a few were ready to accept Stephen as, a divinely-appointed pcophet. Ho is said-to have healed the' 'sick by his touch ; and' the famieof his youth, piety, and high mission spread far and wide. Nevertheless, there was no movement of the people toward his banner. ., Men were disturbed with tho civil wars that thenrent France. ..There" were many rulers, and the ,f ertilo" prov inces of' that beautiful- land" were trampled by hostile forces. .But the children were " caught by this strange enthusiam. " Like' a 'contagion, the cru sading spirit spread from Brittany to the Khine. Stephen traversed the country, speeding frain city ta city, and everywhere calling on the children to hear the voice of God commanding thein to save the Holy City from the de filement of the Moslems. The young apostle must have been a youth of rare power. His appearance was in all places hailed with wild, en thusiasm. Ho fascinated the children and youth. Inspired by his words, these young people seemed to be transfused with an unaccountable zeal. Thev passed into a state of spiritual exalta tion not now easily to be understood. Boys and girls, of ten and twelve years1 of ago, left their games and toys, and their tasks and homes, and joined the three-pointed blood-red banner of the young crusader. Here and there, mi nor prophets sprang up, preaching tho sacred mission of Stephen and avowing him as their leader. Like a ilame the movement spread, sweeping children of tender years, and even maturer youths into the rank3 of tho augmenting army. Children escaped from the confinement in which parents thought it necessary to put them ; they were deaf to the voice of authority and call of affection. Thoy flew, they .ran, they poured, they tumultuously streamed to the banner of the Children's Crusado, re-echoing once more the cry which had followed tho fiery cross of Peter the Hermit, " God wills it ! God wills it !" The King of France was forced to- turn his attention from his ambition and selfish plans, and to regard attent ively this phenomenon. Not daring to suppress a crusade, he asked the opin ion of the University of Paris. The learned doctors of that-conclave very sensibly, wo. must think, advised that the matter be stopped. This was not bo easy. The infatuation had grown too strong in volume. The government was powerless against these elusive streams of singing, praying .children. Like a rolling snowball, the vast mass grew as it moved, until countless numbers had poured into tho columns of Stephen's army. People were aghast at their own inability to lay a straw in the way of this wonderful army. Noah Brooks, in St. Nicholas for January. Tesfcle. Jessie is both young and fair, lewy eyes and sunny hair ; Sunny hair and dewy eyes Are not where her beauty lies. Jessie is both fond and true, Heart of gold and will of jew; t Will of yew and heart of gold Still her charms are scarcely told. If she yet remain unsung. Pretty, constant, docile, young. What remi;nn not here coniiiled 7 Jennie is a little child. Itret llarte, in 67. Xirholas. In Douglas county, Kansas. Mr. Hamilton courted a niece of Mr. Baer. No go. Then he laid his heart at tho feet of the daughter of Mr. Baer. She trampled upon it. Convinced by these things that he must go to work in a business-like manner or' accomplish nothing, he went boldly to Mr. Baer and offered $500 cash down for Mrs. Baer. Mr. Bar consented, on condi tion that Mr. Hamilton took the little Baers. As there were only eight, and as Mr. Hamilton had only five cubs of his own, he gladly consented. Mr. Baer received the money, and genor ously throwing in two cows and a horse into the bargain, returned to the home of his boyhood in Pennsylvania, while Mr. Hamilton and his possessions, set ting their noses toward California, fol lowed them to the golden shores. While T. D. Jones was in Columbus, modeling his bust of Chase, a young man of the Sparkle order of architect ure approached him one night at a social gathering with the following in quiry : " Er-er say S er-er so you're the man er that makes mud-heads, ain't you?" "Yes," said old Tom, blandly, " do you want a now one SLANG. It may bo that we are unconscious that wo adopt and incorporate slang phrases in our daily talk, but that we have done so is certainly proved by a writer in American Homes, who gives a formidable list of slang phrases which we can hear used almost every day : We allow ourselves to say of a rich man that he has got " stamps ;" of the drunken man that he is "tight "or " boozy ;" of anything that pleases us or is satisfactory, that it is " stunning." " Awful " is considered a better word than very, and we are awful cold, or hot, or sick, or jolly, as the case may be ; it is finer to say " you bet," than to answer a question by a simple yes ; ev erything that annoys us is "infernal" or "beastly;" bank-bills are "green backs." I heard a lady in good socie ty say recently that her dressmaker had disappointed her, and that in conse quence she was " regularly up a tree ;" wo threaten, not to humiliate or morti fy a man, but "to take the starch out of him ;" wo rack our brains to invent slang words for various drinks, and bring out such names as "forty-rod," "tangle-foot," "rot-gut," "blue ruin" and "Jersey lightning," words that would more than puzzle a foreiguer ; a man is not cheated, but "done brown," or " bamboozled ;" railroad conductors do not steal (in fact we are getting a little sensitive about using the word), but "knock down;" bank cashiers do not swindlo and steal, but commit "ir regularities ;" wo hear of a house being " burgled," and that two footpads " went through " a belated traveler ; a fair dealer is spoken of as a "square man," a most wonderful limits nuturtr ; a substantial dinner is spoken of as a square metl;"'we hear invitations given, not to take a drink, but to " hoist in some poison ;" anything an tiquated or exhausted is " played out ;" an insufficient excuse is said to be " too thin, " or we are told that it " will not wash ;" we buy stocks on a " margin," or sell them "short," or "bull "tho market, or " take a fiver," or "scoop in a long line of stocks ;" we do not stake a sum of money, but " bet our pile ;" after a convivial party we next morning liud ourselves " precious seedy ;" our railroad trains " tele scope," or a " Pullman " breaks a wheel ; a party of rowdies " rlean out" a drinking saloon ; a big man threatens to " wipe out" a little one ; we do not outwit or circumvent another, but " eu chre " him ; we "take tho shine out of " a rival, and "fix his flint for him ;" a carpenter " runs up " a cheap house in a week ; an investigating committee in Congress "whitewashes" the char acter of some defaulter, and so on and so forth in all the departments cf busi ness and trade and social intercourse, wo permit ourselves to use words and phrases which are of no authority, often vulgar, and always needless. THE COST OF OUll UECEXT IV All. Mr. David A. Wells has furnished the Cobden Club of England with an essay upon tho expenses, income and taxes of the United States. We copy tho following statement of the cost of the rebellion : Tho wholo cost of the ar ill the Northern and Southern States from 1S61 to 18GG is estimated as follows : Lives, 1,000,000 ; property, by destruc tion, waste, etc., 9,000,000,000. The gross expenditure of the United States from June, 1861, to July, 1S()G, $5,732, 257,000. Of this the actual war ex penses were about $5,312,237,000. The expenses of States, counties, cities and towns in the Northern States, not represented by funded debts, have been estimated at .$500,000,000. The increase of State dbbts on the war ac count was $123,000,000. Tho increase of city, town and county debts is esti mated at $200,000,000. Total war ex penses of tho loyal States and the na tional government, $G, 165,237, 000. Tho estimated direct expenditure of the Confederate States on account of the war were $2,000,000,000. Aggregate estimated expenses of the war to the country, North and South' $8,105,237,000. The total receipts from all sources during tho second year of tho war were less than $12,000,000. Tho expendi tures were $00,000,000 per month at the rate of $700,000,000 a year. "Now, then," said a physician, cheoriiy, to a patient, "you have got along far enough to indulge in a little animal food, and " "No, you don't doctor," interrupted the pntient; "I've suffered enough on your gruel and slops, and I'll starve sooner than begin on hay and oats." According to British authority, the maiden name of Henry M. Stanley, who wa3 found by Dr. Livingstone while prowling around in the woods of Central Africa, is Howell Jones. UTILIZATION OF LEATHER WASTE. While numerous processes for util izing the offul in the manufacture of leather are in successful operation, there has been a comparatively open field respecting leather waste. At the Vienna Exposition, leather was shown suitable for heels, toe-caps and inner soles, prepared from leather clippings, according to a French method, by sim ply mixing them with some adhesive substance, forming the mass into ree taugular plates on top of each other, subjecting them to hydraulic pressure, and then drying and rolling them. This article was restricted in use because it could not withstand moisture. A Co penhagen firm, however, exhibited for the first time an article made upon an entirely different plan. The leather scraps were first converted, in a suitable machine, into a sort of leather-wood, which was then mixed with caoutchouc and different chemical agents, kneaded by machinery into a thick, pasty mass, nnd then formed in metal molds, and dried and subjected to a gradually-increasing pressure until it was finished undei 0,000 to 10,000 pounds to the square inch. The appearance of leather is imparted to it by a light coating. Articles manufactured by this material are said to be 50 per cent, cheaper than those made from leather, and can be made in the some manner, while they are at the same time per fectly water-proof. Gnomical investi gation shows it to consist of about 40 per cent, of caoutchouc and GO per cent, leather. THE JEW liltlTlSll POLAU EXPEDI TION This expedition, which will consist of two steam whale-ships and about 120 men and officers, will leave this country next summer, and proceed through Davis' Straits, up Baffin's Bay to the Danish settlements of Disco and Uper navik. These will be its base. Then, still heading northward, the volunteers will enter Smith's Sound, and one wiil be left as an intermediate depot in SI degrees north latitude, in a fixed posi tion, while the second will press on into the open sea which, it is believed, ex ists about the Pole. The depot-ship will be about 51G miles from the Pole, and the retreat upon it in case of disas ter will not be ' difficult to men with sledges. The expedition will have or ders in -any case to return in the autumn of 1S77, and a steamer will probably be acnt to the depot-ship in the summer of 187G to bring back news of the condi tion of the expedition and the details of such information as may have been obtained. The report that Commander Markhain has been selected to command the expedition is premature. Tho Ad miralty are divided between tho ap pointment of a young, comparatively inexperienced officer, and a senior offi cer of experience, but with weight of years. The cost of tho expedition is estimated at 30,000 a year. London Paper. A FKEXUll WOMAN. Wolves still infest certain portions of France, and one especially ferocious and dangerous lately harbored near Aube. The ravages of this wolf have been for a long time remarkable ; the flocks and herds have suffered, whiio even men feared to pass near the haunts of the beast after nightfall. Varions attempts were made to exterminate tho brute, but his cunning always enabled him to escape the hunters. Not long ago a certain Madame Guinot was pass ing near the wood, when sho saw the wolf. She had a pitchfork with her and stones were plenty. Sho threw stones at the animal and it retired into a thicket whoro its escape was not happily practicable. Madame Guinot charged with her pitchfork and pinned tho wolf to the ground. The contest which ensued was lively, but it termi nated with a dead wolf and a woman ,ith somewhat disarranged garments. Tho little lambs about Aube now skip about as freely as the scriptural hills, and tho price of mutton has ceased to rise. Tne nunters about Aube are, it is to be presumed, convinced that some people can do things as well as other people, especially when some people are womon with pitchforks. The "Coming" Gate. Wo have been shown a des.gn for an upholstered front gate, which seems destined to become very popular. The foot-board is cush ioned, and there is a warm Boap-stone on each side ; tho insido step being ad justable so that a short girl can bring her lips to the line of any given mus tache without trouble. If the gate is occupied at 10:o0 p. m., an iron hand extends from one gate po3t, takes the young man by the left ear, turn:: him around, and ho is at once started to ward borne by a steel foot The girl can, if she likes, set this part at a later hour than 10:30. Home Sent. THE NEW YEAH A gray old man toiled at the rope ; Loud rang the lxll, and clear ; The hour was midnight, and the tune The passing of the Year. And, as he toihd, the old man sang, And laughed beneath Li breath ; He laughed and sang with glee ; and yet lie tolled a kueH for death. 'Old man," said I, " tbi-i sbanielefs mirth Seems sadly out of place ; A rolemn chant, a dire, or prayer Would bear a better grace. ' The old year dies weighed down with sin, Weighed down with lives misspent ; Come, kneel you down with me and mourn ; Come, join in my lament." " I mourn not for the pant," said he ; " A new life I heain. I do not ring the Old Yiar out I ring tho New Year in. Why do you wish to mourn and grieve ? This hour is not fT tcais ; The Star of Hope tdii.ied steadfast, pure. Asovb the coming years ! "I laugh and sin,; for very joy, Aud not with f liameli-HS mirth : Good sir, I toll not for the dead I celebrate a birth. " Come, turn your back upon the pat, And bid your grief begone ; The night is dark, but then, rod .-dr. Joy comelh with the dawn." VA ItlETIES. Labor in vein Working a coal mine. Mrr.ii privilege Kissing a factory girl. An Alabama barrister mildly alluded to his rival as a "reservoir of falsehood and an aqueduct of mendacity." A Detroit servant-girl has rpmained in a family thirty-one year.-, rather than incur the trouble and expense of raising one for herself. Advice to husbandr Settle as much money upon your wife us yon cm, for her second husbaud, poor fellow, may not have a sixpence. A LEiTEit was recently received at Wallingford, Conn., directed to "My own tiue love," with the box number, and the girl received it. "A home without children is like Heaven without angels," says a deacon. We just want him to get nut of bed four times a night for a month, to keep the baby's legs covered up. John Henry, whose first (and only) born has just been to a toy-shop, says 'twas a tin trumpet that knocked the stuffiu out of the walls of Jericho, and mighty good reason for it, too. Emerson Wight, the newlj -elected Mayor of Springfield, Mass., has two wooden legs, having last both of his natural ones by a railroad accident several years ago. A romantic young lady, whose father refused to ront an Italian villa on the banks of Lake Como as a summer residence, has threatened to go West and marry a California highwayman. TnE miseries of life begin to oppress us as soon as we leave our cradles Here's a Troy boy, for instance, askieg his mother, after a shad dinner, " where did God find all the bones to make the first shad of?" A gallant wag was sitting beside his beloved, and being unable to think of anything to say, asked her why sho was like a tailor. "I don't know," said she, with a pouting lip, " unless it is because lam sitting beside a goose." "Have you Goldsmith's Greece?" was asked of a clerk in a store in which books and various miscellaneous articles were sold. "No," said tho clerk, re flectively, "we haven't Goldsmith's Greece, but wo have some splendid hair oil." Milwaukee News; Tho best of Christians occasionally have rags to sell, and it grieves us to state, also, that the best of Christians will sometimes roll an old flat-iron up in a ragged shirt and chuck it down in the bag just to give it ballast. Julia Ward Howe informs us that " the financial incompetence of men in evident to the world at large." Ic is especially evident in the morning, when their wives have "gone through" their pockets overnight. "CorLD you," said a yonng iady teacher, " after what I have been read ing to you, forgive your enemy? that is, could you forgive another boy if he struck you?" "Why, yes," said the little rustic, doubling his fists, "if he was a good deal bigger than mo." " Mother," said a little urchin, when hecamo homo from church, "I have heard such a smart preacher. He stamped aud made such a noise, and then he got mad ; he shook his fists at the folks, and there wasn't anybody dared to go up and fight him. Helen M. Cooke writes that " kisses on her brow are tno richest diadem a womau's soul aspires to." Aud yet a young fellow who kisses a young iady on her brow while her rosy lips are making motions like a patent clothes wringer is not the man for the position.