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TERMS: 1 50 j)erycar, in advance.
TWENTY CENTS ADDITIONAL (for postage) TO f cr.ci:iREKs oi'T ok the cointy. Terms of Advertising. One Dollar -per square for first insertion, and Fifty Cunts for each subsequent insertion : One square, twelve lines nonpareil type, or one inch down the column. Administrator'-, Notice $" 00 Final Settlement Notice 00 Stray Notice S 00 one Dollar for each additional animal. Locals ten cents per line !ir.-t ii;-eil ion live cents per line for each subsequent insertion. When a subscribers time expires, we will place a X before his name, to notity him of the fact. Thev would oblijrc s, when they see the mark, if tliev would renew, or at once inform lis that they wi-h the paper discontinued. FRIDAY MOUSING, Al'Gl'ST 27, hs7.. Tfto Costs of Democracy. Wc print below an editorial from the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, which con tains much matter for serious thought. Wo commend it to all our readers of whatever politics, and when they have read it, let them decide as to its truth and act accordingly. We are fully con vinced that no greater calamity ever happened to this State than its surren der to the Democracy, and we can prove it by facts and ligures indisputa ble. Here is the article : "As the Democrats of Missouri are largely engaged in the pleasant occupa tion ot holding our State up as a model and illustration of the fruits of Democ racy, and an encouragement to other States to come and do likewise, it may be worth while to take a survey of the situation and to sec just what we owe to Democracy, or. perhaps, what Dcmoc 2'acy owes to us ; in any case, to strike the balance and arrive at a lair under standing of the question. "The history of Missouri during the )ast fourteen years may be roughly di vided into three periods four years of war. five 3-cars of licpublieau govern ment, and live years of Democratic gov ernment. What the years of the war were we all know. Our railroads were raided, bridges and buildings burnt, tracks and rolling stock destroyed. Our highways were cut and torn b- the tramp of artillery and of army wagons, and were lelt to decay. Our fields were trampled down, our industries prostra ted, and worse than all the loss ol prop erty and destruction of the peaceful re sources of prosperity was the loss of hu man life by open war and secret mur der. Missouri sent fewer men out of her population to the Union army than were sent by other Slates, fewer men to the Southern arnvy, but counting her victims on both dues, her quota was full, and in loss of life and property no other State except Virginia suffered more severely. What made the loss seem less, was that it went on side by side with a process of gain which left us at the end of the war very little poorer than at the beginning. "Then began the golden days of the State ol Missouri. Under a Constitution, which has been denounced as prescrip tive and hateful, order was restored and law enforced. Under these plain and self-evident guarantees, immigration filled our State from border to border, old roads were repaired and new ones built, our railroad system took its pres ent shape, the debt ot the State was re duced, and its credit restored, and pros perity arose out of the ruins of the war. The census of 1870 revealed that Mis souri had jumped from the thirteenth to the fifth in rank among the States, but it did not reveal that this had been done in live -cars. In other words, if we ex clude the incidents of the war, and ex elude from comparison such States as. like Iowa or Michigan, gained their growth while Missouri was lighting her battles, the Slate of Missouri, under Kadical rule, gained in eveiy element of prosperity more rapidly than any State in the Union had ever gained. That fact will do to contrast with the fact which follows. "We have had five years of Democrat ic rule since then, the State has been in the hands of those whom the old order disfranchised, and what is the result? From the day when Missouri passed in to the hands of the Democracy, immi gration fell off, until it had almost en tirely disappeared, even before the pan ic. Our Democratic brethren may butt at this fact as hard as they please, and paw around it, but Ihey cannot over throw it. The explanation of it is, that, just as before the war foreign immigra tion shunned contact with slave labor, so since the war, foreign immigration and domestic migration alike shun Dem ocratic neighborhood. The Southern ers are not a migrating, colonizing race. It it were otherwise, Texas, with its rich soil and varied resources, would not re main the most sparsely populated Slate in the Union, lint it is so, and Texas has more cattle than it has citizens, and Arkansas is the. Jiojolia ofAmerica. Meanwhile, Michigan fills up, Iowa fills up, Illinois fills up, but the population which should fill our borders and till our lields, give an impetus to our indus tries and a luster to our name, passes north of us, stops short ol us, or goes boldly beyond us to irrigate Colorado, and ship us fruit and grain from Kan-, sas. ! "We have no official census of the present year, but those who are in the best position to judge, estimate that the Donulation of the State is very little rreatcr than it was live years airo. We challenge disproof when we say that, outside ot St. Louis and Kansas City, the number of our po)ulation is almost stationary. Against the slight increase iu the new lead and iron mining dis- tricts, we must offset the teslimoiry ol our railroads. Nowhere, except along the Missouri Pacific, has the increase of business been such as to correspond to any growth of population or new devel opment of untried fields, and even there, the increase has been only such as re sults from the natural increase of an or dinarily industrious population. But our interior towns are, without excep tion, just about where they were live years ago, and not where they would have been had they kept up the rate of growth of live years previous. "In oilier words, while Republican rule means peace, order, prosperity and growth, live years ofDemocrlic rule are just as bad as" live years of war. It is not pleasant to give prominence to the stagnant condition of so many districts in ibis proud and wealthy State. There is no one who cares for the reputation ol our commonwealth abroad or at home bn if is pained when he notes the facts which force themselves on his at tention. But the difficulty is not lessen ed by trying to evade it in any way, and if we try to smooth things over and to cry peace when there is no peace, we merely aggravate an evil that we should spare no effort to remove. As long as our Slate remains Democratic wo'may expect the evil to endure, and we may as well admit it, when the par tly which has got us into this plight is going about the country claiming credit lor such prosperity as it could not pre vent, and inviting' othci and more pros perous Stales to follow iu its unpromis ing path."' Ont the last day of the late session of the National Educational Conven tion at Minneapolis, ihe f;th inst., the following resolutions were adopted unanimously, having been referred to the committee on resolutions, and re ported back with the recommenda tion that they pass: "Resolved. That ignorance i a curse to any people, anil a menacing danger to Republican institutions Resolved, That of nil subjects de manding governmental aid, public education should of right, lake pre cedence. Resolved, Tl at in Ihe nature of the case there i- a constantly growing necessity for Slate and national aid to education, and it is tho duty of this association and of each of its members to do all that can be done to secure such aid. Received, That, since the public lands of the United States are the property of the whole people, the proceeds of the sale or other distribu tion theivjof, should be faithfully ap plied to their use and benefit, and in no case devoted to the use of corpo rations or sections. Resolved, That in no way caif the use of the lands be so well or exclu sively devoted to the general use or welfare as their appropriation to ed ucational purposes.'- "The question as fTOiciti"- nrl f AfMi lin to whether a made a legal tender in the payment of debts is purely a question ot law, to be decid ed finally by the supreme court 01 the Luitctl States, and there is not a re spectable Democratic lawyer in the State of Ohio who (toes not believe that a new law creating a further is sue of greenbacks as a substitute for national bank notes, or for any other purpose, would be declared by that court unconstitutional and void." Morton's Urbaua speech. In a speech we made at the Court House one year ago we took the posi tion enunciated above, and in support of the position we cited the decisions of the United States supreme court in the "legal tender cases," and gave a history of those decisions. Ever since the rendition of these decisions we have regarded them as fully set tling the question of greenback infla tion in limes of peace, and have been surprised that the effect of those de cisions has been lost sight of both by the press and the political orator. This is a knock down argument and ends the controversy, unless the in llationists mean a Avar on the judicia ry of the country, and if so they should be compelled to unmask at once and display their true colors. It will be remembered that when the legal tender cases first came before the U. S. supreme court, the majori ty of the court, headed by Chief Jus tice Chase, declared against the con stitutionality of the legal tenders even asavxtr measure. Soon after the court was increased to nine judges, and Justices Bradley and Strong were appointed. The legal tender cases were on motion reviewed by the court and a bare majority declar ed the issue constitutional. This de cision was not based on the constitu tional power of the government to coin money, but was based on the in herent right of all governments to levy a forced loan upon its citizens, 11 time of great danger, a right that passes away with the emergency call ing it into existence. A fair con-' struction of these decisions is, that the right of our government to issue legal tender notes passed away the iiHtant rebel armies laid down their arms, and Mr. Morton is right when he says there is not a respectable Democratic lawyer in the land who believes a further issue constitution al. Macon Republican. It look the convention four months to mature a constitution, which they require the people to pass upon, with less than three months time iu which to study the instrument. Ix the St. Louis insane asylum four inmates were killed the other day, by over doses of conium, or extract of hemlock. At the present term of the Holt county circuit court, John Jones plead guilty to forging an account, and was sentenced to the penitentiary for two vears. Frank Blair died poor. Politics with him did not pay. At the time of his death he was dependent for support upon his office of Insurance commissioner of Missouri. Elders Haley and Wyatt have been holding a successful protracted meeting at Union Meeting House, 12 miles below St. Joseph. Thirty-live additions haye been made to the church. There was quite a heavy frost in Minnesota, and portions of north ern Illinois andloAva, on the night of the 22d inst. Most of the small vines were .ailed, ana potatoes and corn more or less injured. The weather in this section has been unusually cold for this season. J. L. Bitting eh, of St. Joscph.was bound oyer before U. S. Commission er Ledcrgerbcr, in the sum of $500 to appear before Ihe September term of the US. Court, to answer the charge of "spiriting away" Ferdinand Rin dlenian, a witness against C. B. Wil kinson, in the alleged whisky fraud cases, lately brought against the lat ter. The State Centennial Commission have decided to erect a separate build ing for the use of Missouri exhibitors at the Philadelphia Centennial. It will be a movable structure, and is estimated to cost $15,000. By this means the entire collection of Missou ri products and manufactures will be exhibited as a whole, and not scatter ed throughout different departments, as would be the case were thev enter ed in the general exhibition. "Lincoln Institute," is an inst it u tion of learning at Jefferson City, for the benefit of colored pupils. It has been mainly built and sustained by colored contributions, assisted some little by aid from the Legislature and benevolent individuals. It has a Xormal Department attached, for preparing colored teachers for edu cators. Mr. Alexander Chinn, a col ored student of the School, is at present in St. Joseph, soliciting assis tancc which the enterprise so richly merits, and all those hereabouts who feel disposed to aid this good cause we hope will now do so. The latest news from Cuba is that Gen. Yalmcsda, who was put in com mand of a large force, and expected to stamp out the long-continued rebel lion in that island, has returned dis couraged. He reports the insurgents stronger and bolder than ever, while his own troops are less to be relied upon, his army being weakened by disease, disaffection, and desertion. Valmcsada has called upon home government for further aid, but has been answered that not a dollar nor a man can be spared. Cuba may be come independent in a short time, as the conclusion ot a long and appar ently hopeless struggle on the part of its liberals. Tiik trial of Edward Caves and wife for the murder of an unknown tvnd friendless girl about fifteen years of age, entrusted to them to raise, takes place at the present term of the Holt Circuit Court. We have here tofore published an account of the inhuman murder, which was commit ted in Atchison county during the past winter, and a change of venue has been taken to Holt. Later advices bring the result of the trial. The evidence was strong and conclusive against Caves, and he was found guilty- of manslaughter in the first degree, and sentenced to twenty-live years in the penitentiary. The prevailing opinion of Ihe people of Oregon, who are conversant with the facts, is, that the sentence is a righteous one. The case against Mrs. Caves was dismissed, it being evi dent that she acted under compulsion from her husband. Mrs. Abraham Lincoln is given up as hopelessly insane. Sue sits down silent and alone in her solitary room to keep company with senators and ambpssadors iu the light of that gra cious, kindly smile, long since hid be neath the coilin lid. In the garden of the late Andrew Johnson's residence is a magnificent willow, grown from a twig taken from the willow which bends over the grave of Napoleon Bonaparte on St. Helena, and sent to the ex-president. A twig from this noted tree will be planted over Mr. Johnson's grave on Johnson's hill. University ot the State of Missouri. Coli-miiia, T.oo.NK Co., Mo., August 1ST; 'To Ike Clerk of the Andrew County Court. Sm: It is my duty to mlorni you that, under the provisions ol an aetot the General Ascmhl approved April 1, (vide Somoii Acts, 11 pp. ICS-CIl,) your county is entitled ttenil to the departments oi the Mate I niver.-.iiv at t'oluiiiln and Uolla, during the year ending .lulv 4, IS70 seven students, between the ayes of sixteen and twenty-live years. Under the rules adopted hv (lie Hoard of Cur tors, students ".-hall pos-ees a good moral character, and shall pass asati-tactory examin ation in oriiioirrapnv, reauimr, 'vvritiir' artthine tic and frcoirraphy;" anil nitit iiav the fees ores crihed by said act, to-wit: On matriculating, an entrance leeot ten dollars, and a contingent teeot live dollars; and a like contingent lee at the beginning of the second hall vear, makiu the whole annual charge lwenly dollars. The session begins On the Third Monday in September, and Continues Forty Weeks. Careful provision i-made for ihe education of young women in all the classes of the 1'iiiversi tyjaiul the elegant and commodious "Hudson Mansion" has been set apart and turn idled as Home lor mem; wnere, under u.e care 01 an ex perienced matron, board, fuel and lights will be provided at $;! per week; w.iihing at 1.0 rents ner dozen, l.ed-tcads and m.ill reuses will lie lur nished: other bedding, towel-, &c, students are expected to liinii.-li tliem-elvr-.. nit will please, alter giving two weeks publi cation ot tins certiticate, iran-iim 10 me, on or betoi eSeptember 1st, a list of the naim-n of all the youth ol vour countv who intend to makean plication for entrance into the University at the commencement of the next ses-ion. If .such list is not tran-mitted, students from other count ies will be allowed to enter in lieu 1 those to which vour countv is eiitiile'd. Hoard can be had in club- in the college build ing.- lor male students at from 5l."- to $I,."t per weeK; 111 private lamilies at ir.j.oo tosl.ad. 1 am, very respecttully, yournttedieiit -ervant, Mimed. 1 jcui;i-.i:i 1,. ivi)i. Secretary Koard Curators Lniver-ity ol the State ot .Missouri. Persons desiring to enter the departments of the State Universilv at Columbia or Kolla, are reipiin-d io make known tiieir intention to me on or belore September 1, 1S75. i:. r.iarno, Clerk County Court, Andrew Countv, Mo August 2)th, bi-2tt-. Sale of Swamp Lands. T) Y VIUTUE of an order of the countv court of JJ Andrew coun'v, Mir oiiri, made at the regu larM.iy Term, 1 ".", I will oiler at public sale, to the highest bidder, (not Ie. than live dollars per acre.) ai me soui'i door ot nie enun-iiou&e, in the city of Savannah, in said county, on TUESDAY, mil day of October, 1S75, the following SWAM I' LANDS, held in trust hv Andrew county, for the u-e and benefit of the County School bund, to-wtt: S. .21 . 4 . 4 . 4 . 4 . 4 . !) T. :s i;i 01 i;i ci i;t in i;i :u .ri! ci no CO 40 Sl-100 acres lot 1 SO do We.-t hairnorth-ea-:... Ml do east half north-we-t... 10 do noi th-we.-t 1101th We.-t 10 do no' th-Wist south-ca-t SO do south hf south-ea-t 40 do north-east north-ea-t 77 Stt-100 do wc.-t hf lot5 1 & 2 11 east :i 10 77-100 do lot 4 VI 7 4S-KI0 do lot ." l- 40 do horth-west north-west .!t 21 S-WO d. lot 7 12 71-100 do lot 7 :;t Tim.Ms of Sai.i:. Om-tiiird cash, and balance of purchase lnonev secured bv mortgage notes. hearing ten percent, interest pcr.inuum, accord ing to the term- of the law governing the loaning ot the Common School Fund of the countv. Sale to hi between the hours of nine o'clock in Ihe forenoon and live o'clock in the afternoon, and to continue from dav to ilavnntd all the land: are sold. I.. 1). CAK I KM, Sheriff August l-'I, 1S7." tds of Andrew co., Mo. William Frodsham, Dealer in WATCHES CLOCKS, SILVERWARE, JEWELEY! Ri ''PAIRING- neatly and promptly executed. orfu .side the sipiaie, fcAVAiVXAH. MO. MONEY TO LOA1M, At Tea Per Cent. Apply to William Cliallacomhe, Heal Estate Agent, Savannah, Mo Oflice aoxt door to County Clerk. S - r ta tcf&! P gs - Ul C2 CASH HOUSES The Public will find a good assortment of Dry Goods, !$ot, hoes9 Qneesaswsiie9 Glassware AT THE STORE OF E. I. MITCHELL, S0UTIT-WEST CORNER OF PUBLIC SQUARE, SA YAjYjYAII, MO., Prices as Low as any House in the 7 est. Cash buyers will find it to their Interest to examine my Stock. E. M. MITCHELL, Savannah, April 30th, 1875. THE The Lock Stitch invented by MR. HOWE, and made on this Machine, is the most popular and durable, is alike on both sides, and will NEITHER RIP NOR RAVEL, and all Sewing Machmes are subject to the principle invented by him. A Mach'ne Avas needed possessing Simplicity a.d Durability, and adapted to a great range of work; one easily un derstood and comprehended by all. To produce such a Machine has been the study of Elias Jlowe, Jr., who gave to the world thenrstfcewii:gMachine,niore than twenty years ago; and now we offer his last production a Machine embrac ing all essential qualities, and pronounc ed ie m mm i m mm Persons from :i distance can order a Muchinc with perfect confidence of lu-inir aide to operate it in a few hours siiccetsfulh , by the aid ot the printed instruction that accompany each Ma chine. The demand for this New& Imsroved Machine m Is unprecedented in the hi.-torv of Sewintr Ma chines. ASK YOUS 2IES0EANT to order a HOWE for aou TIIEJIOWB MACHINE CO., ST. LOUIS, MO. For Sale by D. J. THOMAS. "Whitcsville, Mo. Anjjiist'JO, '"t Tims. mm This standard article is com pounded with the greatest care. Its effects are as wonderful and as satisfactoiy as ever. It restores gray or faded hair to its youthful color. It removes all eruptions, itching and dandruff. It gives the head a cooling, soothing sensation of great comfort, and the scalp by its use becomes white and clean. BT its tonic properties it restores the capillary glands to their normal vigor, preventing baldness, and making the Iiair grow thick and strong. As a dressing, nothing has been found so effectual or desirable. A. A. Hayes, M. D., State As-sa-er of Massachusetts, says, "The constituents are pure, and carefully selected for excellent quality ; and I consider it the Best Preparation for its intended purposes." Price, One Dollar. Buckingham's Dye FOR THE WHISKERS. This elegant preparation may bo relied on to change the color of the beard from gray or any other un desirable shade, to brown or black, at discretion. It is easily applied, being in one preparation, and quick ly and effectually produces a per manent color, which will neither rub nor wash off. Manufactured by R. P. HALL & CO., !- NASHUA, N. H. - C:U tj all Sr;?si:tJ, zzi DcjUij la Uiiifoau