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The Andrew County Republican. [volume] (Savannah, Mo.) 1871-1876, December 03, 1875, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034076/1875-12-03/ed-1/seq-3/

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Uulmu Count jj Republican
SAVANNAH,
MISSOURI.
HERE AND THERE.
AhoN7.ii Wells, of Maine, kept the
body of his dead wife in the house for
:endavs, hopin- to make the under- !
nker r.mse down on the price of the !
offin, but he had to yield to public ,
ten
t
eoflin
lors less ornamented, in order to have
Thekk is a bull-frog farm in South- , the k5teuM1 n.ule (.onveniont and corn
eastern Wisconsin, ;iO acres of swamp j forhlblo if the i(le:l wero M1,rrost).(1 to
f 1 : l .1 1.. ...... f.... .. . .
1 ' . h ' ; 1 7f ' him- I5Ut USmilly llP :lml the :irchitCl:t
on . r?n:iyi" t,U'ir hC:,,,S l,,-ethC1' With no
T h?,r Zoo nKi "so c of X me i i WOI,,a,,'S WiS,1m l "" t,1C,,, arrive
1 he troupe contains .some or the line.-l i ... ti.. ..,.,.,.1,, ,i,.lt 4i,i..-
, . - ; , .,. i.lwn ,U tno W1e t',,"-',," theie ""
bass oiees eier known. ,w, ., i.:4,i,fl ,..,.,.i.... .....i i
A ii:rNK.Ki who w:is to have a I'm
ger amputated in the presence of Al
bany Medical College students, by Dr.
Armby, died under the influence of If they studied the matter a little,
chloroform; and the surgeon says that j they would, if possible, have tiro kiteh
i:i nearly every recorded instance of j ens the front, or winter kitchen, con
death from an amesthetic the patient j taming the range. With a cooking
was addicted to intoxication. i stove in the back kitchen for summer
A French expedition is titttngout to j "' the ,1()U' could ho kept much cool
make a tour of the world in ten months, j ('r duri lIle hot season. 'J'he station
...wL.v t. .,ntni,.(unf tlw. f:..,wrf.oUiir..il :U"V tubs should be in the backroom.
."50ClCtV.
The excursionists will visit1"
:
India, .lajian, the interior sea of .Japan, '
:hine-e iiorts. Australia, the Tnited '
. . .
States. te. A special library and cabi- j
net of inMnmiftiib; will be taken. '
As error of one cent in the monthly
report of the general agent of a life in-;
-iiraucc i omuany m Detroit was the j
. - ..r : l !..... I...
mean.- ui ... u.S. ...... .i iciiei uo.u .... . fo,. vookln washillfff jmm1 ironinir, :llul
coiiMiany rcmesting him to make eor- h.lt t,u.ro . )0t.n :ltton o intn).
rcction. It cannot be said of that com-, auce int() m0(1(!rn (,)nvcni.
panythatrcekk-smanagementprevails;rn(.es.,.(whi(.h Js th(i !utu:i ,latc jf
at the home olhee. ! things in mo country houses), there
The grape harvest in France is -aid is no need for a sublime resignation to
to have been unprecedented the present every imaginable kitchen discomfort
-eason. The owners of large vineyards 1 and inconvenience,
have b-en obliged to till their vats ! A pump ought to be regarded as a
twice, and have now double the usual . necessity in a country kitchen. If the
quantity on hand. None of the vine-1 room has but one window, and neither
growers have any recollection of so I outside door nor open lire-place, it is
abundant a vintage. The duality of the ' badly ventilated, and therefore uncom-
winc has .!o turned out much better
than wa.- expected.
"otwithstandinc the law passed by
Conrrc.-s .-ome years airo, the wanton
destruci:e! of irame on the estern
.1 HV i i
nlams continues, dov. J haver ot Ac-,
hcMik-!! i:iv-. n;i i loiw :im a iiartv
' i
oi eiK mr.irierers Killed one mi.iiue.i c.k i
.. i l-ii I 1 1 1 .11.
and simplv took away the hides. This,
he truly ailds, is indeed cruelty to :uu
mals as well :is a grievous wrong to the !
people. i
The thir.v
three millions of the pop-1
illation of England will require nearly j
fourteen million quarters of wheat toi
supplement the produce of last harvest
between that and the corresponding
season next, year. During the lirst half
of the hist twenty years the English
; l. 1 ....IV. ...........1 4 1. I
impou -n .ueuuu.us 1"' l
cousuud.uoi, oi pei ee.u. o. v- ,
ulatiou. during the second half it was
equal to nearly 45 per cent, and during
tlie last three years to more than lifty
per cent, oi the total consumption.
Fa si ii on A ule folk, and those who
fancy themselves too ill for a Northern
clime, have begun to rush in crowds to
Florida, and the outlook now is especi
ally promising for a lively season in the
South. It has been proposed to send
excursion steamers, such as the Ply
mouth Rock, to run on St. John's River
luring the winter. The Mobile Register
hails the prospect with joy, and s:iys :
" lp to very recently, 'Europe' was the
word that sounded in the ears of all
Northern persons of this country in bad
health, but now the 'South' is rapidly
taking its place. Our section of the
country is fairly beginning to attract
tlnit attention which it justly merits as a
health resort, and so the battle is more
than half won."
Little Chaules Van Aniien, who is
not quite '.' yours old, resides in San
Francisco, and is occasionally brought
to I'aeheeo on a visit, lie betrays an
extraordinary fondness for horses, and
when at home can hardly be kept away
from the horses, where he plays with :i
pet horse, without fear, and, as it seems,
without danger. He delights in crawl
ing beneath the horse and between his
feet, while the animal moves only his
head and extends his ears as he watches
the child's gambols. Charley was in
town the other day and trotted oil" sur
reptitiously. When his absence was
discovered he was sought for in alarm,
and w:is finally found in a stsible stall
with an unbroken and unruly colt. The
child had fastened a short rope around
a hind leg of the colt, and when found
was playing boss" with the utmost
glee. " I wouldn't have tried the trick
for .200," said the hostler. "If it
wasn't a baby that did it, he'd have
been kicked to death, sure." Well,
now, it does seem as if horses, like dogs
and good-hearted men, are fond of
children. Costa (Cat.) Xews.
; Country Kitchens.
It Ls a mistake to .suppose that a kiteh
j en must necessarily be uncomfortable,
! because it has not g:is, hot and cold
i water, stationary wash-tubs, and an ele-
! vated range. -'You can't expect city
coineniences m a country place, ' is me
formula.
All these conveniences, with
the exception of gas. can be put into
eountlT kitchens, if the builder chooses
t( h:lve the,u- A 111:111 Imiltlin his own
J""6 'mM willingly sacrifice a fam-i-j
1 nil cornice somewhere, or have the par
.v .lv..m. .iitniii-.u, au.i, u.iwu ;
' determined in what .lace it will be least
I conspicuous, consider that part of the i
hou-e disposed of
j r ,1 . i
u,ulu :uc; 11(1 Mammary urns, ine
i i ii t . i .
nu in me room unit
W:IS out of ason, thu avoiding the
ll.w.... -Il ,.f 4l.r ......1-1.. 1 ....1 ,
-". -' .mu .-ieam,
an(1 soilt'l Rothes in the cooking-room.
If this is too fimllv ; ohm ?i sin-ill i-icli '
1 " ,
room could he substituted for the back !
.jJ(.jien .lt
no great expense. j
.
upposinir tnere is but one room
' 1
f irt 1 ilo It i' .iL'ii inui'li, P.i i
... , . , , i
jieretl walls and a row of .shelves, unen-1
closed, caned, mr complaisance,
dresser.
i
ire neither of them cleanly.
' , . , i
1 .... . .
1 ivniAi' . 1 5 . ...5 1 t -., .-.f ... . . .1- . ... i
1 1 1 "
.-.:r. ..(Lnt ,1. l.: i
" II.-311.-, .-w lll.lt UIU 1)1" ll)l. HUM" I.illll ,
, ,
at the nile of artieh'.s tlirii-t iiumi him.
bursts onen the door at the most nnex-
pected times, and astonishes the occu- !
pants of the kitchen with :i vision of the i
frying-pan gyrating over the lloer, or t
,;;.,;, if..,;Tr , Hk., i.-.-L-Jiii-n
,jux Thcre is no"lu.eil wh:lt(;ver for
,,. . .,n i
I .IIIMIMLIIU" iw rui 11 WI.l UI illll 1.1 inm .'m:.
The first consideration in a cooking
room is cleanliness. Tried by this test,
, papered walls are an abomination in
i such a place. You cannot darken this
room throuirh part of the dav in sum-
, others, nnd. con-onnonr.
ly, lly specks will be numerous. These
walls absorb the kitchen odors and
steam, and smoke rests lovingly upon
them. If creeping things get into a
house, they are sure to insinuate them
selves into the paper on the walls. Hard
finished walls are really more cleanly,
for thov can be washed: but. unless the
finishing is better done than in the kitch-!
ens we have seen, they soon look dirty, !
' J J ' ,
and this is the next worst thing to being
o C"
so; for such finishing soon becomes
"splotchy." There is nothing that will
compare with the old-fashioned white
wash: not color wash, but whitewash,
pure ami simple. The color wash may
give the walls a prettier tint,
but it must be put on by a
practiced hand, whereas whitewash can
be applied by any one, whenever a dirty !
spot makes its appearance. It
:.. ....
that unpraeticed hands do not apply the :
brush as evenly as couhyie wished, but
a few streaks more or less don't matter,
when we can all see that the streaks are i
white and clean.
Don't have the wood-work painted;
don't have any thing painted. Things
in a kitchen will get soiled. It follows
that they must be cleaned. Soap is a
foe, before which paint invariably quits
the field. Very soon the color will be
oil' in spots, and nothing less than re
painting the whole room will ever make
it look clean again. It is still more ob
jectionable to leave the wood in its na
tive state. It requires hard and fre
quent scrubbing to keep this clean, and
even this process will not suffice to keep
all sorts of wood in good condition.
Some woods seem actually to blacken
under the scrubbing brush. But, if the
native wood, even common pine, is well
oiled and varnished lightly, the room
will be the prettier for it; and, with very j
little washing,
the wooa-worK can
be
kept sweet and clean.
The most cleanly kitchen floor is sim
ilarly treated the native wood oiled.
This oiling will have to be renewed on
the floor at long intervals. If the boards
are so roughly laid that they cannot be
thus treated, it may, perhaps, be well to
stain them instead with black walnut
stain. This will have to be renewed
every spring and fall at a cost -of about
fifty cents. Oil-cloth is a cleanly cover-
' m ' ,mt it ;s costlv :uul win not ret.lin
. -lt;. ,ro0(l looks V(.n- lon,, :llul R remm,.s
, llln i w:lsh;,r:lt the exnense of theser-
J vants Klcks.' Carpeting collects dust
wkh m!lrvciOU3 rapidity, and gives it
, out verv liberally under Biddy's broom,
utf ahis! in our climate liiddy's feet
will get cold in winter if she habitually
stands on bare lloors or on oil-cloth.
To prevent this, some people lay rugs
in front of the tables and sink. If a
Tct is laid in a kitchen, it should be
ta,Ll down as lightly as possible, or
i tened with carp.fl rmgs slipped over
. . ... . .
' smooth-headed tacks, because it should
.
be taken up lrequeiitly to be well shaken.
A dresser is one of the things abso-
lutt5iv ecessarv. It may be well for
the housekeeper to insist upon the fact
that a set of open shelves is no more a
dresser than twenty yards of silk is a
dress. If you have a dresser made un
der your own direction, the best form is
to have two wide, closets below, and
three narrower ones above, with a row
! of drawers at the top of the lower clos
ets. The upper closets should be far
mi tuirlt ilwM'itlin liunir tM'ilhm' tlm
of the latter to be used as a table. These
lower closets are intended for the cook-
ing utensils, and should be, at least, two
feet dceo. The urmer closets may be a
r 11 1 .1 1
iew niciies less in lie pin, anuu is a rood
.., -..,., !..,-. t- f i,,w,.
v5(1(1(1 with sieive.s: :l sin:in ()1I0 us :l
I place of temporary deposit for meats,
..e 1 .:.
vegetables, and thinirs taken from the
store-room to be presently cooked, in-
dead of having them standing about on
j the kitchen tables.
This closet should,
I of course, be nearest the range or cook
: ing stove, and in it the pepper, salt, and
j other condiments will be near at
j hand. The middle and largest closet
i contains the kitchen crockery and
1 tins that are not to be hung. The third
j one, without shelves, is for tins and
; other things that must be hung up. It
miicht be well to have a shelf or two at
the top of this closet, on which the tlat-
. , , , . , .,
... - - , ,
arrauremeiu every luihit n.cio.-eu
from the dust and thes
Shades, made of fine wooden slats,
.'are verv suua.ue Kir kuciiuii w ...uow.-,
. t 1 1 . 1 !
- . I
,1C ,,,,v ,ft,n t be rbt w t bout . ark-mi-
inr th(' vonm- 'rht!3' :u'(!
inexpensive,
,,nl' cosun- :UK,,U
P11"'1' a1 " ! T S1U11,'
Then, the lighting of the room is to
1,0 considered. A lamj) that ha,
to be
enrried from place to place is not a
kitchen comfort. If it could be man-
aged, a hanging fixture to hold a lamp,
not too far from the range, would be
best, for it is very desirable to have the
light fall from above upon your work.
Even two lamps would not give too bril-
Ham a lirht for such a particularly nice
inh nsennkino-ono-ht to be. The verv best,
' J n r j
101 me extra lamp, inn we kuow 11 is
r .1 a.... i 1 ;..
often impossible to hang a lamp in a
kitchen with safety; and the next best
thing, perhaps, is to have the lamps in
brackets at each end of the room or at
the sides. The shape of the kitchen
must determine where the light is to be
Plllt"etl ? olll.V so lllsl)0SC lt Ul:lL tl,c room
1. .11 i. 11 :n t
&,,!lM "u -
These remarks may rouse the ambi
tion of some country housekeepers, and
stir them up to revolutionize their cook
ing a'oodes of discomfort. They can,
doubtless, improve upon the plans of
fered here, and devise many a "con
venience." Scribncr's for December.
East India Funeral Rites.
When a native of the Toda tribe dies
!.:. 1....1.. :. 1.. .1.,. .1.... 1
IS iiuuiin.- IIOUV IS gill Ol IMJll Will. Wlllil- I
meats, and wrapped in new clothes,
and afterwards exposed on a bier deco- 1
rated with green boughs and herbs for
several davs. It is then, amid wailings,
borne by the relatives to the funeral
pile. One of the relatives then cuts oil' I tn,V(Ml W!7S f()im(1 j,uiItv ,1V a jury JJ, lilt;
a lock of the deceased's hair, after ! .nt, :m,i sentenced to livcyear- in the l'eni
which the body, with all its ornaments, tentiary.
is burned amid the waitings of the kins-;
folk, who pile on fresh faggots. After
the corpse is almost completely con
sumed the lire is quenched by water
thrown on it.
The relatives then search for bits of
bone which have escaped the "crema
tion;" these are carefully preserved :is
relics of the deceased. After this rite
the men shave their heads and the wo
men shorten their hair. This is, how
ever, onl' done by the younger mem
bers of the tribe to denote their respect
for their seniors, and is not universally
adopted by nil the Toda tribes, some of
which only cast aside their ornaments
for a time after the death of their rela
tives. After the body has been burned,
various ceremonies arc practiced and
animals are sacrificed to propitiate the
deity and secure the well-being of the
departed soul in the next world.
MISSOUKI STATE NEWS,
'enerul rYotcs.
von: on thi: xkw coNwrrrirTiox.
The following is tlie full return of the vote
on the new ( institution. The Constitution
require.-the returns to In; made to the Sec
retary of State within twenty days after the
eleetion. The time for making returns ex
pired on the tilth. Atchison and Douglas
are the only delinquent eountie.-. The ma-
; J,,",y f,orll,u ?,n;it"Uo" is '-
i A.lair'.".. It's" munnl..
1 A ;;;; 4S!SSon"
2.-5.S.
iq't
ili
For.
1,107
7S8
:174
:!((
'277
:;:s
SS7
:ii)5
1 ,fift7
'XA
i ,:
No
2'S
45
711
101
IK!
:
.
A
1S4
127
11 .
S5
(5
II!
120
:;2
17
251
5f0
r. Me Donald
Maries
j.Macon
5!l Mercer
SXHMiller
Moniteau
1 is j Morgan
1 1."! Monroe
Mid1 Montgomery.
H7 .Marion . .
Nl'Missiesippi..
... Newton
Nodawav
J'.t.New Madrid.
(iregon
17:? Osage
43 Ozark
17s I'emibc.ot ... .
47
i ffi
15
.
:ii!2
ill
:5'.i
2:5
S7
271
21
171
'Jl
!)
5
I
151
11
74
21
25
5S
l )
25
517
l,'.o
151
105
2.52
17
:ts
!!
21
21
::i
40
14
221
""ti
11 l'ettie
1 ,(!!
!:; Tike.
12. Perry
f0 Phelpo H-M
:r, Platte 1 ,2i
!'i Polk .rs:;
5'.! Pulat-ki 41:5
1- Putnam .'iis
171 Kandolph ... l,5tU
104 halls 7:2
S"(KevnoIds ... 2fd
(V liiplev !.
11; hay .". l,5::i
... Shannon 2:51
l-'I ,;huyler 4S.
.'l'! -cott AIM
11. - -helhv 7fd
K51 -Joildard :'.0
121 -eottand 77!)
I.'!- S-iline 2,2."l
i:!7 Stone 42
115 Sullivan 7W
1:50 st. Louis.... 0,15.-5
:'.l Ste(5enevieve :22
i!:t .St. Francois. ."07
St. hades.. l.W.i
12.5 St. Clair 551
25ITaney 100
525 'l'exas 4S!
12. - Vernon 771
127 Wavne UH
2.57 Washington. 71'
.'ill Webster t75
2s Warren 5:2
2S7 Worth 2H5
201 Wright 27t5
! 'HSCOIiadC.
:i-7
;!)
1,015
WIT
1,070
I!W
t;sa
1 , i.v;
2M
Soli
2, (1-7
w
1,5!!.
;u
I, OK!
1
5.-11
1 "-'
51!)
; (jreene...
; Harrison
f"jT'r'."
' Holt.."..
.Howard
, Howell
iron
jaek.-on
Johns'
I .Jasper..
j , "V? '
Lewis
1 Lincoln...
I T ....1...!..
I Lafayette!
'""vrencc.
Total !i0,500 ll,:i'52
Prof. ('has. P. Williams, of Holla, acting
State (Jeologi-t, in his report to the Govern
or of the Slate, concerning ins examination
of the gold lields in Macon County, in the
Chariton rangeof hills. fgive-. as the result of
careful a ays, (57.7 grains of bullion to the
ton of i.eoo pounds of earth or at the rate
of .-:!. 25 per cubic yard. He is of the opin
ion that the licld- will not pay.
Tlie le ees of the State Penitentiary re-linqui-hed
,that institution to the State on
t!ie:d.
The 3Iacon Examiner say- that .Judge
Henry ha-rendered an important decision
on the homestead law of Mi-souri. He de
cided that the tran-fer of a homestead by a
hu-band to his wife followed bv continued
"
, ,ww,.v?.,i. who fnrf.. lureof the lomeslea.
..v,. n.-.i.wt ,.r..,i;i..iv
He al-o decided that
' a detached timber lot is exempt under the
;i j honie-tead act. provided it is used in con
nection with the homestead, and the aggre
gate amount of land doe- not exceed HJ0
acres , and -I. ."00 in value.
.Jo-eph H. Fore, convicted of a-sault with
intent to kill his wife, escaped from the
State Penitentiary on the 'Jtth. Two cell
mates also got away.
Pardons under the three-fourths rule have
been issued to Joseph Jackson, of .Marion
County, convicted of grand larceny: James
Slack, of St. Louis, convicted of burglary.
J and Charles Jackson, of St. Louis, convicted
j of grand larceny.
I "olIiiicr County.
.... ,i, 1.-..1. r..i. ..;,
'ii 1111 11101 11111 ul mu i.'Lit .iiii.ii nit;
ltnrr. :i sti'iwlaiiehter of .lohn T.oilr. who
-
lives in German Township, started on a
hunt for wild grapes, accompanied by a
younger brother and "William Pints, the last
a half-witted child. Shortly after the little
brother returned to the house with the bas
kets and a bloody ax. stating that Pints had
killed the girl. A search proved the truth
of the statement, the body of the girl being
found with her skull crushed in. Pints ac
knowledged the deed, but claimed it to have
been accidental.
lliifilinmill 'mt1tl
Nellie Wyatt, alias Nellie Monaco, an
actress performing at the Metropolitan The-
ater. committed suicide with laudanum in
her room at the Planters House. St. Jo-
seph, on the 17th She was but 17 years old.
and a native of alt Lake, iier maiden name
being Nellie Grundhand.
ciiariioii Comity.
Dr. J.J. Grinstead. a leading physician
01 ivcyic-ynu
rr 1 . 1 1 ,
was thrown from a sulky the
. . 1-,- 1 . . r . 11 . . 1
cooprr Comity.
Noah Lee, a negro trump who entered the
residence of Samuel Killman recently at
IJoonville, and, after frightening Mrs. K.
and driving her out of doors, set tire to it,
f In. IkiiilrUnir lvitli fill 5t frmtint lieiiur ilo.
"" County.
Michael Mohr, a German tailor, about r0
ye:,rs old. was found dead in his place of
business at Kansas City on the 20th.
Late on the night of the I'.Hh a child, near
ly seven years of age, was burned to death
in the suburbs of Kansas City by her clothes j
catching tire from the explosion of a eoal-oil
lamp. There have been four fatal cases of
the same sort in that city during the
four months.
A section boss on the Atchison, Topeka
and Santa Fe road, named Morority, was
run over by the cars and fatally injured on
the 20th.
I'ettlK County.
Y. i. Webb, an old citizen of this coun
ty, was thrown from his wagon on the 10th,
about two miles east of Knob Noster. and
instantly killed. There were three other
! Count tj. Fur .
i Adair....... 17t!
' Andrew (,vt
Audrain IS-J7
Atchison
I I ol linger ... 'Ml
Kiitter Ill
j harry J!C
i harton -M
1 hates tK!."
henton .";
' Huone 1 ,s.j:;
! huciiaiian .. 1,."07
('.Girardeau
I Clnrk 715
I Carter ''.)
i Caldwell 517
Callaway ... I.SOI
Camden
Carroll 1,1110
j Cass 1,17
Cedar 4:51
I Chariton I, Ml
Christian ... Ill
l Clay 1,771
Clinton 7.'!5
j Colt- ;tsi
Cooper 1 , 101
Crawford... .11!
Dunkin :!!
Dade ."S7
Dallas II.".
i DeKalb j:;s
1 I la vices s.vj
Dent .'!.".;
Douglas
Franklin ... W,
parties in the wagon, but they were only I all the eight incisors. It should be re
slightly injured. i niembered, however, that improved ami
The residence of Isaac Wolf, dry goods ' iirno,iB f i,r,vo lw.o
merchant, was burned at Sedalia. the 2."ith.
Loss about 1.000; insured.
Reports say that destructive tires have
i bccn RIS",? in tlu ,,orthwester prt of tins
county, among timber and prairies. A few
j nijdits M'nce, (Jeoryetown, three miles from
; Sedalia. liad a narrow escape.
1 St. Louis.
On the way to a tire, on the 18th. the ale
' of Jio-e-earriaire No. 4 broke at the corner of
i Wa.-h and Twcnty-tifth Streets and one of
the wheels rolled oil' and -trtiek Tommy Me
Keiuia. a little nine-year-old boy. in the
I head, fracturing; his skull, from the etleet-
: of which he died soon afterwards.
! "ie lieilly and Fannie Brown, two girls
i of ill-repute, took morphine on the 17th.
with the intention of committing; -uieide.
31ollie died, but Fannie wa.- restored. I'n
requited affection was given as the eati-e of
the suicidal attempt in each eae.
The afternoon of the isth, a collision took
place in the Tunnel near the Washington
Avenue entrance, between two engines,
both of which were badly .-mashed. William
Killian, a lireman, sustained a compound
fracture of the left leg below the knee. No
other person hurt. This is the first accident
that has occurred in the Tunnel since its
con-triietion.
The body of a young man, aged about IS,
wa- found at the riverside at noon on the
tth. with a pistol shot in his head. It
proved to be that of Albert Lucia, who had
been missing a week or more from his moth
r's residence, corner of De-trehan Mreet
and Hroadwav.
General Sherman's Annual Report.
"U'asiiinc ton. Nov. 'J2. The annual re
port of General Sherman says: The aggre
gate -trength of the line of the army, ac
cording to the last reports received, is l.Ti-JO
ollicers and 21,0:51 enlisted men, made up as
follows: ." regiment- of artillery, "J70 olli
cers, J.oO-t men: 10 regiments of cavalry.
122 ollicers, 7. iOt! men: iT regiments of in
fantry, SIS ollicers, H.OOO men; available
recruits, hospital stewards, ordnance ser
geants, etc., ;,;;2i.
During the past winter the troops in the
Department- of Missouri and Texas were
employed in an arduou- and severe winter
campaign against the Kiowa, Cheycnm . and
Comanche Indians on the border of the
Staked Plains, that have foryears been en
gaged in depredations on the Texas and
Kan-as frontiers, resulting in their disarma
ment and subjection to authority. If mili
tary commanders can hae control over the
supplies needed by the-e Indians as they
now have over their per-ons, I am convinc
ed, by recent vi-it. that a condition of peace
can be maintained.
The Sioux Indians have recently made in
cursions into Northern Nebraska, mostly to
steal cattle and horses from farms along the
Pacilie Ilailroad, and north uf it. General
Crook-is of opinion that the whole army.
ictnig defensively, cannot prevent the-e in-
i ,.lirsion.
md siigge-ts that troop- lie -ta-
tioned in the midst of the Indian", so as to
watch and prevent them leaving on pretense
of hunting. This is impracticable, unles
the army can have supervision of the neces
sary siipplie- of these tribes within the Ke
ervation. which is now not the ease. The
reports of the several C'onuni. ions which
have, under military e-cort. recently been
engaged in exploring the country, and in ne
gotiating with these Indian-, will throw
much light on this subject. Generally
speaking, the damage to life and property
by Indians is believed to be le-.- during the
past year than in any former year, and the
prospect is that a-the country" settle- up it
will be le-s and less each year, until all the
Indians are established on small reserva
tions; but until they acquire habits of in
dustry in farming or in stock-raising, they
will need food from the General Govern
ment, because the game which they hitherto
.subsisted on has diminished very rapidly.
SfGOKSTlONS KUO.M C.KN. OKI).
(Jen. Ord, in command of the Department
of Texas, in his annual report gives a
lengthy account of the border operations of
the Mexican banditti, most of which ha
been anticipated by press publications. The
report closes with the following significant
suggestions:
'More effectual means must be adopted
than sending troops to look on while our
people are being despoiled and murdered,
for it is very evident that the soldiers, how
ever willing, can do nothing if confined to
this side of the river, and an order to make
reprisals, with means to earn' out the or
der, has sometimes resulted in indemnity as
well as security.'
Sheep for Profit.
E. Menault, in one of a series of lit
tle farm books published by Ilatchctte,
Faris. considers th:it. bill sheen are na-
I '
j tually small but rustic and robust,
; while those in valleys are larger but
' less energetic. Wet argillaceous soils
produce a tall, lymphatic rather than
j S!l uine anim:ii; with long, soft, coarse
, 7 f . , ,
wo.,1, not elastic. L his sheep is hard
j to fatten, but is long-lived. 1 he best
j soils are calcareous, producing medium-
;.,,,! . oi..m,;ni Mii'innls- with (hie
, r ' .......... .f, - - ...
' ; fleeces, the wool running to flocks. Sili-
ceous soils giv- an excellent temper
ament with less food, a small sheep
with short wool and savory flesh, ('old
dews and the heat of the day should be
avoided b' the shepherd. Dew on clo
ver or other rich grass is often fatal to
sheep, while, on the other hand, man'
die from lack of w:iter. Sheep should
not be washed before shearing, because
itJ is troublesome, dangerous to the
sheep, and of little or no advantage to
consumers of wool. The lamb is born
with twenty-four molars, and in the
j lower jaw only eight incisors. In the
L(.onil VP!M. lh(, middle incisors on
the last!. , J., ,,, , i.i.
eaen suie iau ;u.u ;uu lqnacuu,
in the third year the next two incisors
on each side fall and are likewise re
placed, the animal be'.ng then called
" of four teeth;" in the fourth it be
comes a beast of six teeth ; the two in
cisors next in order, one on cither side
of the jaw, falling in turn. In the fifth
year adult teeth have taken the place of
effects hastened by from eight to twelve
months. December Scribner.

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