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A Constant Reader.
I!V l-AKME.VAS JIIX. The overworked scribe of the Mudvillc Gazette Sat wondering moneyless wight If Ills office would ever be cleared of its debt, t With the times so deplorably tight;; When the trend of old leatlier was heard on the stair, And a stranger stepped into the room, Who asked with the "don't let me bother you air, Whi h :he bore is so apt to assume 'Ifow are ye: The editor rose with a smile And pleasantly yielded his chair riaced the visitor's sadly unbeautiful tile ( Whict exhibited symptoms of wear) On the top of the desk, alongside of his own (A shocking old plug, by the way), Anil then asked in a rather obsequious tone, "Can we do any thing for you to-day r" "No I yt called to sec ye" the visitor said : ' ' I'm a friend to the newspaper man" Here he ran a red handkerchief over his head, And accepted the editor's fan "Ihev read all the pieces you've writ for your sh.-et. And they're straight to the p'int, I confess That 'ar slap you gin Keyser was sartinly neat You're an ornyment, sir, to the press!" "I am glad jouare pleased," said the writer, "indeed; I'.ut you pr.ii-c me too highly, by far -Tust .-elect an exchange that you're anxious to read, And while reading it, try this eijrar. Uy the way, I've a melon laid up for a treat I've been keeping it nestled in ice; It's a beauty, sir, fit for an angel to eat Vow, iH?rhaps, you will relish a slice?" Then the Granger rolled up half a do.eu or more Of the choicest exchanges of all Helped himself to the fruit, threw the rinds on the floor, Or 'lung them at Hies on the wall, lie assured his new friend that his "pieces were wrote In a maimer oncoinmonly able" As he wiped his red hands on the editor's coat That hung at the sideof the table. iy too wav. I've neglected to rs vou vour name," Said thescrilH? as the stranger arose; That's a fact." he replied, "I'm Abmalech IJarnc, ou have heerd o' that name, I suppose? I'ma-Hvin' out here on the Fiddletown Creek Where Town a good house and a lot; The Gr.-.ttu gets around to mc wunst every week I'm the eon.-tantcst reader you've gotl" --Abiir.alech Iiame," mused the editor, "U-a-m-c -.Here his guest begged a chew of his 'twist') "1 am sorry to say your melliiluous name Doesn't happen to honor my lis..!" Vpoae not;" was the answer "no reason it should , For ye re-1 jine lots wills Hill Prim e's a rog'lar subscriber and pays ye in wood, And I bjrry your paper o' him !" Srribncr for December fHE MYSTERY OF THE BLACK TARN. Vivt- or six miles to the north of the small town of lirompton, in Cumber land. England, there is :i mountain lake known a I Hack Tarn. In the neio-h-borhooJ are sheep farms, ami a few in sijrnifkvrat hamlets lie here and there .irouml. En otie of these, known as 1 1 ay ton, a murder was recently perpetrated, accompanied by cruel outrage. At the east end of the village there resided one John Coulter, who kept a beer shop, and cultivated a small farm. He was a rough, uncouth man, addicted to drink, and when he was incapable of attend ing to his customers who came of a night for beer, his daughter, a come ly girl of seventeen, waited upon them, lie had a son, also, but he was in Car lisle, learning a trade, and seldom visit ed his native village. Coulter was reported to be worth a few hundred pounds, and consequently passed in the neighborhood as a man of means. A young man named Arm strong had been courting his daughter, but he had been driven oft by Coulter, for assaulting a farmer, who was the latter "s friend. Armstrong had quitted the neighborhood, having, as was sup posed, enlisted. At the time now re ferred to, Kate, Coulter's daughter, was receiving attentions from one George UoutledgCjthe son of a grocer in Broinp lon. On the morning of the 10th of last February. Coulter arose late, having been drunk as usual the night before. Hearing no sounds below that would in dicate his daughter's being around, he went to the top of the stairs and called her by name. No answer came, and he hastily donned his clothes and descend ed. The stairs led down into the back kitchen, and when Jie reached the bot tom he saw the door leading into the yard open. Thinking that his daughter might be in the bar, he again called her name, but to no purpose. Then he passed into the bar, which was a small room with a, window opening into the main room. The glasses stood around unwashed, there was no fire in the grate, and the disorder showed plainly that Kate had not been at work that morning. Coulter searched around, but could see nothing of his daughter. The bed iti her chamber had not been slept in, and her cloak and bonnet were missing. He summoned one of the neighbors, and when the news got around that Kate Coulter had suddenly disappeared from home, a crowd of sympathizers gather ed round the father and offered assist ance and counsel. David Redd, a blacksmith, testified that he was the last to quit the inn the night before, and that Kate bade him rood nicrht. and drew the bolt in the door. It was then 10 o'clock. Peter Steele, the village constable, confirmed lledd's statement, as they were in com pany, bteele leaving the house only a few minutes before liedd, who remained to get a light for his pipe. Ueyond this there was absolutely no testimony. Coulter, accompanied by Ins friend.- searched the neighborhood for the miss ing girl, but with no success. George Houtledge, her lover, Avho had been no tified, reached the village in the after noon, and joined in the search. Mount ed police from Rroinpton, and then officers from Carlisle, were speedily on the .spot, and the whole country-side was scoured. No traces, however, of the lost one were met with. Days and weeks went by, and the mystery remained unsolved. One da, about a week after the girl's disappear ance, Armstrong's old mother put her head in at Coulter's door, and said, in a bitter tone : "Ah, Mr. Coulter, so you've lost your pretty miss. Now we're even. You drove away my boy, and now the devil has drove away your daughter." Then she gave a malignant laugh, and departed. Toward the middle of March two country lads, amusing themselves around Black Tarn, saw something white among the rushes. On closely examin ing the object they discovered it to be a human arm. With a branch of a tree the pushed aside the rushes and water piams, ana ine bony oi a lemaie was disclosed. They were at first disposet to run away, but finally resolved tohau out the body. This they did with some difficulty, and laid it on the grass. It was in an excellent state of preserva tion, owing to the ice, which had just broken up, and the features were per fect. Both the lads identified the corpse as that of the missing girl, Kate Coulter Covering it with rushes and leaves, they started for the village and informed the grief-stricken father of their discovery The body was carefully removed to Coul ler s house, and a Loroner s nniuest was held. A surirical examination .showed that the irirl had been outraged, and marks of strangulation were distinctly visible on her throat. The bod, when found, was entirely naked, and search was made for the unfortunate irirl's clothing. They were found under a pile of stones about two hundred yards from where the corpse was discovered. They were torn and mudstained, and traces of blood were observable on them. What tne ooiect oi the murderer was in re moving the clothing was beyond com prehension: but that he had an object was evident. A verdict of willful mur der against some person or persons un known was returned by the Coroner's jury, and the corpse was interred with becoming solemnity. A large reward was offered for any information which might lead to the ap- prehension of the guilty person, and the Lord Lieutenant of the county speci ally interested himself in the matter, and caused expert detectives to be sent from London to investigate the affair thor oughly. It will be remembered that Ivate Coulter disappeared on the nirht of February 0. The detectives acc dentally came across one Robert John stone, a shoemaker, who said that on the night mentioned, about 7 o'clock, he was at work in his shop in Brompton, which was on the direct road to Coul ter's, when a young man, a strange put his head in at the door and asked for it light. It was a very cold night, and the shoemaker asked the man to come in and shut the door. lie did so and stood with his back to the shoe maker while he got the light. John stone itsked him whether he had come by the train from Carlisle, and he said he had. Johnstone remarked that it was going to be a sharp night, and the young man replied that he judged so, and abruptly quitted the shop. 'What did he light his pipe with?" the officer asked, after a pause. "That's more than I can say," John stone replied, "though it may be he took a bit of paper from his pocket." "How often do you sweep your shop?" the detective asked. The shoemaker laughed and-said : " Once a year, maybe." Then the detective, very much to the surprise of the shoemaker, went to work examining the lloor carefully all over. Then he began in one corner and lifted every thing from the iloor, replacing it where he found it. After he had been at work over ten minutes he came across a fragment of an envelope, burnt atone end. This he carefully scrutinized, and putting it in his pocket, departed. The same night a consultation was held, and the detective exhibited his scrap of paper. As before said, it was part of an envelope, and on it was writ ing. The writing was blurred and al most illegible, but the words "private John" could be deciphered. a man s or woman's it wtis hard to say, but the general impression was that it was a woman's. Coulter instinctively associ ated the letter with young Armstrong, Kate's former lover, who, as before stated, had been driven from the house by her father, and had, as was suppos ed, enlisted. The jeering words of Ann strong's mother came up fresh to Coul ter's memory. "Ah, Mr. Coulter, o you've lost your pretty miss! Now we're even. You drove away my boy, and the devil has driven away your girl." The ofiicers resolved to search Mrs. Armstrong's cottage, as there might be some indication of been recently then;, at once, and aroused her son's having They went down the old woman, who was dozing by the fire. " What d'ye want with me and mine?" she asked, querulously: "this is no time o' night to disturb a body." On being informed that ofiicers of the law demanded admission, she opened the door, and boldly confronted them. " Take what you can find," she said, " that belongs to other than me." The ofiicers began a careful search of the place, and were rewarded by find ing a pair of boots stowed away under the lloor, bearing on them the traces of the peculiar black mud found on the borders of the Black Tarn, from which, and the singularly dark hue of its waters, it derived its name. " Whose boots are these?" the officer isked. "They were my son -," replied the old woman, befon they drove him away from home.'" "When did he leave homo?" the de tective inquired. "In November, '71," the old woman answered, quickly. " Did he put the boots under the lloor?" the officer asked. " 'Deed did he, the very day he left home," Mrs. Armstrong replied. " You saw him do it?" the detective inquired. " Saw him with my own eyes," was the reply. "And that was when?" the officer asked. " The very day he left home, Novem ber o, "7-1, ' Mrs. Armstrong answered. "And he wrapped up the boots then as they were when I found put them under the iloor?" them, and the officer said. "So help me God, that's what did, sir," the old woman answered. "This is a Carlisle newspaper, he in which the boots were wrapped, and it hears date February !), l.S7o the very day on the night of which Kate Coulter was murdered." Before the officer had finished the sentence, Mrs. Armstrong dropped to the. ground in a swoon. A neighbor was called to attend her and the ofiicers left. There was no doubt on their minds that Armstrong was the man who visited the shoemaker's in Bronip ton, that he was the " Private John" whose name had been on the half-burnt envelope, and that he was the outrage-land murderer of Kate Coulter. But how had he communicated with his victim, as he must have done? And how had she been enticed to the Black Tarn? These were questions to which the ofiicers sought an answer in vain. They went to work, however, immediately to hunt down the perpetrator of the abom inable crime. Mrs. Armstrong refused stubbornly to answer any questions, although it was judged proper to arrest her as ac cessory after the crime. All that could be got out of her were these bitter words : " He drove away my son, and the devil drove away his daughter!" It was easily ascertained that one Pri vate John Armstrong had deserted from the lot li Regiment of Infantry, station ed at Manchester, in February, and that nothing had been heard of him since. His description answered to the person of young Armstrong, Kate's former lov er, in every particular. What puzzled the detectives most was that nobodv had seen Armstiong on the road or in tne village before the murder, and that, although he had evidently been home to j his mother's after the crime was perpe trated, he had been seen by no one. Descriptions of the man had been sent by telegraph all over England, and the ofiicers awaited in Carlisle some inform ation that would give them a clew to his whereabouts. That information came in an unexpected manner. Mrs. Armstrong, who was confined in Carlisle jail, asked that her brother, who was a shipwright at Cockermouth, a seaport not far distant, might be in formed of her condition. This was done, and a letter was sent by the jail ers to his address. The same day the ofiicers were informed of the fact, and they resolved to go down to Cocker- mouth, entertaining a faint hope that Whether the writing was the man for whom they were looking might be there. They found Mrs. Arm strong's brother, whose name was Reu ben, at his work, and represented them selves as two lawyers who had under taken his sister's case, without men tioning what her trouble was. " I expected it would get her into trouble," was Reuben's remark, which showed that he knew about the crime. This information he might have ot from newspapers, but still it struck the detectives as indicative of a knowledge acquired from another source. As they were conversing with Reuben, thev ob servod a man watching them from an adjoining smithy. " You had better come with us and see your sister," one of the ofiicers said. " Go and ask the foreman's leave, and reier mm to us, it necessary, lor an ex planation." Reuben said he would do so, and turned toward the office near the gate. " Now let us see what is in that smithy," one of the detectives said, and grasping their revolvers in the pockets of their overcoats, they moved in the direction indicated. As they reached the door they heard a crash, and saw the figure of a man passing through the roof near the chimney. " Round there and watch the out side," said one of the ofiicers as he sprang into the smithy. But the man had disappeared, and rushing forth the officer was just in time to see the fugi tive spring from the roof. As he reached the ground he fell, and before he could rise the grip of both detectives was upon him. He was secured in a moment, and proved to be tin; man they wanted. lie was tried at the Carlisle Assizes in April last, and convicted by overwhelm ing evidence. Before the time for his execution arrived, he wrenched apart one of the bars of his cell door, and with the jagged edge indicted a terrible wound on his throat, from the effects of which he died in a few hours. By what means he induced Kate Coul ter to quit the house with him on the fatal night and accompany him to the Black Tarn remains a mystery. It i probable, however, that the girl had some lingering regard for her former lover, and was led out of pure goodness of heart to grant him an interview. Why he removed her clothing can only be guessed. The Tarn was frozen over, and here and there holes had been made for the fish. Through one of these holes the murderer must have forced the body, and finding that the clothes, which were woolen, stuck to the ice and prevented the body from going un der, the supposition is that he stripped the corpse and concealed the apparel where it was subsequently found. SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILWAY. .TTemorluI to i'onjrcs nntl Kesoluf Ions Adopted ly the St. Louis Convention. TIiN Convention, of dolt-gales duly ap pointed from thirty-one States ami Territo ries, many cities and Hoards of Trade, Mer chants" K.eliange ami other commercial bodies, constitutiii'r a body of SbD delegates, representing not only a large proportion of the people of the United States, but of the active producing business capital of the country, ami now assembled to take action upon tile construction of a Southern line of railroad to the I'acilie. do respectfully repre sent to the Senate and House of Representa tives of the United States, in Congress as sembled: That a Southern Transcontinental Railway from the waters of the Mississippi, via hi l'aso, to the Pacilic Ocean, on or near the thirty-second parallel of latitude, is impera tively demanded. 1. As a measure of sound statesmanship: Ue cause it is only by constant intercourse, business and social, that the great suites now growing up on the Pacific slope can be permanently bound in a common interest with our Has fern and Southern communities; and it is, therefore, sound policy and wise foresight to promote the most intimate relations between all sections of our common country a necessity aln ady recog nized by the Government in its grant of bonds and lands to the Union and Central and Kansas Pacific I'oads, and of kinds to other transconti nental lines on the thirty-second, thirty-fiiih and forty-seventh parallel, "under the belief that pri vate capital would lurnisli tne needful f units to complete these highways, but owing to the great commercial depression, they cannot be built by individual capital, and the responsibility still rests upon the ( Jovernment to secure the comple tion of at least one additional transcontinental line. 2. As a means of Xational defense: Because it is the duty of the Government to have a line to the Pacific 'unobstructed at all seasons of the I year, for the prompt transportation of tmopsand I supplies, should trouble arise v itli any foreign ! country, and the ports and cities of the Pacific j coast be exposed to insult and attack such line to be sufficiently removed from our border to en able it to be all protected against the movement ol any hostile torce. 3. As a local military necessity : Because the experience of the Nation on the Central. Union ami Pacific I'oads has proven that the rail ami telegraph, and the facilities thereby provided, furnish the onlv sure means of intercepting and punishing the hostile Indians, and unmistakably indicate mc auonuon oi uie same meiiioiis w pre vent constant depredations in Western lexas, New Mexico and Arizona, make life and proper ty secure, and establish there the same law ! and order that prevail along the present Pacilic I lines. I f. As a measure of practical economy: Be ! cause, as already shown by the exjicrience of the l present Pacific Uoads, the expense of maintaining a military esiaiMisiuut'ni ior uie protection oi uie Southern territory against Indian depredations will be largely reduced : First, by enabling the Government to transport troops and supplies at one-fifth of the present cost; and second, by en abling it to dispense with the services of two thirds of the present force through the facilities afforded for transportation and the movement of troops, and thereby savefrom$S,(XK).i00 to 10,. OOO.trfKi per annum, and at the same time provide more efficicntlv and economically for the care and maintenance of the Indian tribes who are under the charge of the Government. f. As a commercial necessity to the 12,000.000 of people inhabiting a belt of country from 100 to 70o miles in width, ami stretching along the en- tire South Atlantic coast, the Gulf of Mexico and Old Mexico to the Pacific Ocean, who have no direct communication with the Pncilic, and by reason of their geographical position canno't chart; in the benefits conferred by tne present Pacific line. U. As a direct saving to the people of the entire country, because it will give a cometing line between the two oceans, both for the large local and through traffic of this country, and for the great through traffic of the Sanwich Islands, In dia, China, Japan, Australia and Western South America, thereby conferring a substantial bene fit upon the entire nation; and because in this manner the people of the United States will best be protected against a monopolv to whom thev have loaned $.Vi,00O,O00 or six percent. Govern ment bonds, and made large grants of land to build the present Pacific line, and for whose ben efit the Government is now paying yearlv up wards of three additional millions out of the treasury; a corporation that has established ar bitrary rates lortransportation, and is now seek ing to perpetuate itself as a close corporation, and control its lines, and such as it may here after build, in its own exclusive interct, instead of making them an open highway such as the people of this country have a right'to demand. 7. Because the communication thus establish ed with the rich anil productive states of Old Mexico would secure a large and lucrative traf fic, now di verted to other countries, and would thereby increase the revenues of the Government; whileat the same time, the connections made with the lines now projected from the capitol of Mexic to its northern border would stimulate and develop tins trade, and enrich the citizens of our own country by the exchange of our manu factured goods for Uie products of her soil and mines. S. Because it is the duty of the Government to protect the citizens whose guardianship it as sumed under the treaty obligations, in the acqui sition of the Mexican territory in which they were resident, and also all other citizens who have been induced, by the grants made by the dov ernment to aid the building of railroads, to settle in the Territories which those roads are intended to develop. !. As a prudential and proper act, to encour age the people of the South, who may very jtistly and with great force urge that, whiIo;$I7-i",0(K;,oeo of the public moneys have been appropriated in the Northern Suites and Territories since the or ganization of the Government, there have been but U.co .000 expended in the Southern States anil Territories. 10. Because, not only will this road, as a means of National defense, strengthen Uie mili tary arm of the Government, and at all times perfect the si curity of our Pacific Coast against attack by foreign "Powers, reduce the expenses of its local administration, bind our country more closely together, facilitate communication with the Pacific and with old Mexico, develop new traffic, and the agricultural products and great mineral wealth of Texas, N'ew Mexico and Arizona; but it will also, by the demand for manulactures and productions of every descrip tion, including iron, steel, cotton, woo'l, timber, and other materials needed in the construction of engines, cars, bridges, machinery, buildings, etc. . for the use of the road . and by" the laborers employed in building and maintaining the same, give employment to the furnaces, mills anil ma chine shops ot the country, and once more revive and stimulate the depressed industries of all sec tions. And. whereas, to secure to the Government and the people the-e several advantages, and, in addi tion thereto, secure the return to the people of thirty millions of acres of land heretofore granted to build the thirty-fifth parallel line, and save the building of l -fdM miles of road.it is. in the judgment ol this Convention, not only the right, but Uie duty of the National Government to ren der such aid. proper-. secured, re.-tricted and guarded, as will secure the prompt completion of the line referred to. and of such extensions as will give to all sections the advantages resulting ttierelrom Now, be it resolved : I. That a Southern line to the I'acilie Ocean should be built on r near the thirty -second par allel from Shreveport via El Paso to san Iigo, where it will make connection with the waters of the Pacific in a safe and excellt nt harbor, and connect also with the railway lines now building from San Francisco to the southern part of ( ali fornia, thus sec iring a continuous line to that great city and port. 1. That there should also b constructed exten sions from the most eligible points on the Texas and Pacific IJoad to New Orleans. Memphis and Vicksburg, and from a point near the IKId meri dian to Vinita, in order to reach the Mississippi Kiver and to connect ith every road and humor of the Atlantic coast, and with every railway east ot the Kocky Mountain slope. .!. That to insure to the Nation tiie greatest ben elitsfrom this line of road, and to prevent its he ing controlled in the interest of any one party r section ot country, there should be' established such regulations' as will maintain the road from -hreveport to the Pacific as anpen highway and as a completing line to all transcontir fntal" rail roads, to be used on eipial terms by all connect ing roads which are now or may hereafter be built similar regulations to be applied to the branches: receiving similar aid to the Texas ai.d Pacific Trunk Line. 4. That it should be built at Uie lowest cash cost, in order that the people shall lie protected against undue or oppress ve charges, and shall be secured in its use at the lowest po.-sible rati s required to protect Uie comparatively small capi tal actually expended in the construction a re sult which" can be greatly aided by its construc tion at this time, when material and labor can be secured at prices much lielow those that have prevailed for many voire past; and that Con gress shall, at all times, reserve the pow r to protect the people against speculation and oppression in the use of this National highway. :. That the building of the main line shou'ld proceed nder such regulations as will insure the construction of the road, continuously, from the point of its present completion in Texas to San Diego, in California, or until it meets an ex tension of the same line from San Diego. C. That the construction of such a line ar.tl branches can be best secured by the extension of Government aid to the line and branches hereto fore mentioned in these resolutions, in the foim of a guarantee of interest, not principal, on a limited amount of live per cent, con-tructinn bonds, payable in lifty years, so that the entire liability assumed shaft hot in any event cxcct tl $2, 000 per mile pwr annum, nor the interest on the actual cost of the line and said branches; such liability to be secured by a first mortgage upon all the railway, property and franchises ot" the companies and upon the lands granted by tl e United States; and any deficiency in the earnings ofthelineand branches to meet the i nterest matur ing on these bonds, while the road is in course of construction, to be met by the deposit in the I'nited States Treasury or one-eighth t f the whole authorized issue, ami the sale f the same, if it become neecessurv, after applvirg all net earnings and proceeds of lands, and the sums due for Government transportation, mail and telegraph service, to meet the interest so maturing as aforesaid, so that there shall be no outlay by the Government; these bonds to be is sued only to the actual amount of cash expended upon the." road and braches, and upon the certifi cate of sworn commissioners appointed by the Government to supervise the building of the line and branches, and their redemption at maturity to be assured to purchasers and holders by pro viding a sinking fund out of the revenues of tie road anil branches, U lie paid by the companii s into the Treasury of the United States, of such amount as may be sufficient to pay off and disjJ charge the entire bonded obligation of the con.a panics, on which the Government haa guarantee. it the interest. 7. That the President of this Convention be requested to prepare an address to the people of the United States, embodying the views set forth in the preamble and resolutions adopted by Uiis . - i . , i ....,. . tonveniion, ami mat ne oe uuuiorizcu to ap point a committee of thirteen, who, with the President ot this Convention, shall present an engrossed copy of the proceedings of this Con vention, together with the address, to Uie Presi dent of the I'nited States, the presiding officer of the Senate and Speaker of the Houee of repre sentatives, and to take such further action as, in their judgment, may be deemed lest to further the objects and purposes of this convention. s. i;eolval. That duly certified copie of this preamble anil resolutions be also furnished to the Governors of States. Mayors or cities, and to the commercial and other bodies represented at this Convention, and that they be earnesUy solicited to advocate the plan proposed. !). A solved, That the Secretary of this Con vention have the proceedings published in pam phlet form, and also that the newspaper press of the country be requested to publish the same, fo that the States, municipal, commercial and other bodies here represented, and those who may not be, shall fully understand the objects and pur poses of the Convention, namely, the securing of another highway across the continent, thafmust prove highly beneficial to the Government and .Uie people of every section of our country.