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mis nsi-:s:ii;xT'.s iii-:ssak.
JVoXilMI.l IKO.tl TUMUt I'.VUK.J . A. re nctval of the appropriation for compil ing the ollieial records ot the war, etc. Tin; saw iii:-ai:imi:nt. The condition of our Navy at this time is a sub ject of tali-faction. It does not contain, it is true, any i" the powerful cruising ironclads which make fi much of the maritime strength of some oUier nations, but neither our continental situation nr our foreign policy repines that we should have largo number of si. ips of this char acter, while the situation and the uatuio of our ports continue to make those of other nations little dangerous to us. Cnderanycircumstanccs our Navy docs contain, however," a consult r.tble number of iron-dads oftlie nionitor class which, though m.t properly cruisers, are powerful and effective for harbor defense and lor operations near our own shore. ; these all the su.gle turreted one.-, fifteen in rummer, have been sub stantially rebuilt, their rotten wooden beams re placed iron, their hulls strengthened and their engine.- and tnaciiinery thorough!;, repaired, so that they are now in mo.-t eflicaent (iniitioti and ready for sea as soon as thev fan be maimed and put in commission. The live double-turreted iron-clads belonging to our Navy, by lav the most powerful of our ship for lighting purpose.--, are also in hand un dergoing complete repair, ami could be ready lor sea in period? varying from lour to si months. With then completed according to tiie present design, and our two iron torpedo boats now ready, our iron-dad fleet will be, for the purpose of defeii-e it home, eipial to any force that can be readily brought again-t it. of our wooden navy aico, cruisers of various sizes to the num ber of about forty, including those now in com mission, are in the Atlantic, and could be ready for duty as fast as men could be enlisted for those not already in commission. f thCM. one third are in effect new ships, and though some of the remainder need considerable repairs on their boilers ami machinery, they all are. or can readilv be made, effective. These constitute a fleet of more than fifty war ship-, of which fifteen are iron-dads, now in hand on the Atlantic coast. The Navy has been brought to this condition by a judicious and practical application of what eoiild bet-pared from tlie current appr-pria'iou of the last lew years aud from that made to meet the possible emergency of two yearn ago. It has been done 'juietiy, without proclamation or display , ami though it lias necessarily straitened the depart ment in its ordinary cxiiewliturcs, and , as ?ar as the iron -el ad are concerned, has added nothing to the crm.-ing force of the Navy , yet the re-ult is not the It .-s satisfactory, because it is to be found in a meat increa-eof real rather than ap parent force. The expense.- incurred in the maiiiteuauce of an effective naval force in all its branches are necessarily large; but such force is essential to our position, relations and character, and affects seriously tho weight oi our principle? and policy throughout the whole sphere of na-virlresiuiri-ibility. The estimates lor the regu lar support of this- branch of the service for the next year amount to a little U-.-s in the aggregate tha.i those made for the current year, but some additional apprpri.itionsaro a.-ked lor object not include, in tae ordinary maintenance of the Navy, but .dieted to tie of pressing importance at this tuue. It would, in my opinion, be wise at once to afford sufficient mean- for the immedi ate completion of th. livedoubie-turreteil moni tors now undergoing repairs, which must other wise advance slowly and only a-- money can be -pared Irom curreiit expenses, .supplemented by these, our Navy, anued with the destructive tveaiHins of lnoitern warfare, manned by our seameu am! in charge of our instructed officers, will present a foree'pow erf ul for the home pur poses of a responsible, though peaceful nation. T!IK COST OIK1CU llKfAKl'MI-XT. The it-port of tlie Hostm-ister-General, here with transmitted, gives a lull history of the de partment lor the year just passed." It will be observed, that the'delicie.icy to be supplied from the Genera! Treasury is "increased over the amount r "quired for the preceding year. In a sountry so va-t in area as the Cnited States, with large portion- sparsely settled, it must be ex pected that this important service will be more or le.-s a burden upon the Treasury tor many years to c--in ; but there is no braiicirof the pub lic service which interests the whole people moie than that of cheap am! rapi I transmission of the mails. The commercial advantage.- to be gained by a direct line of American steamers to .south American Mates will far outweigh the expense ot service. JJy act of ongrcss approved March:;, 1.-75, almo-t all matter, whether properly mail matter or not, may be .-cut any distance through the mails in packages not exceeding four pounds in weight for the sum of P' cents per pound. So far as the transmission of real mail matter goes this would seem entirely proper; but 1 suggest the law be so amendedas to exclude from "the mails merchandise of all description and limit this transportation to all articles enumerated and which may be classed as mail matter pioper. Tim 1SI.ACK 111I.I.S. The discovery of gold in the lilack Hills, a por tion ot the Sioux reservation, has had the effect to induce a large emigration of miners to that point. Thus far the effort to protect the treaty rights of the Indians of that section has been successful, but next year will certainly witness a large increase of such emigration. The nego tiations for the relinquishment of the gold fields having tailed, it will be necessary for Congress to adopt some measures to relieve the embarrass ment grow ing out of the cause.-, named. The Secretary of the Interior suggests that the sup plies now appropriated tor the sustenance ol that people, being no longer obligatory under tne treaty of Isi;s, but simply a gratuity, be issued or withheld at his discre tion. Tlie condition of the Indian Territory, to which 1 have referred in several of my former annual messages, remains practically unchanged. The Secretary of the Interior has taken meas ures to obtain a full report of the condition of that Territory, and will make it the subject of a special report at an early day. It may then be necessary to make some "further recommenda tions in regard to legislation for the go eminent of that Territory. the iwniNT-orrici:. The steady grotvtn and increase of the business of the patent -office indicate 111 some measure the progre--of the industrial activity of the coun try. Tne receipts of the office are in excess of its expenditures, and the office ge icraily is in a prosperous and satisfactory condition. oru i'ri:i.ii:"i,AM).s. The report of the General Land-office shows that there were I'd acres less di-posed of during thi- than during last year. More than one-hall of this decrea-e was in lands disposed of under the Homestead and Timber-culture laws. Tlie causes of this decrease is supposed to be found m the grasshopper scourge and the drouths which prevailed so extensively in some of the frontier slates and Territories during that time as to discourage and deter entries by actual settlers. The cash receipts were less by $i;'.'0, '! than during the preceding vear. The en tire surveyed area of the punlic domain is lS0, J.TJ.Oaj acres, of which Ji;,o77,r:;i acres were surveyed during the past year, leating 1, !."!, -171,7'Ji acres still unsurveted. THE TENSION" I'.UllUAU. Tne number of pensioners still continues to decrease, the highest number having been reach ed during the year ending .lime oO, ls7". Dur ing the last year ll,.V7 names were -added to the rolls and li,:i77 were dropped therelrom, show ing a net decrease of I, lid. Hut while the num ber ol pensioners has decreased the annual amount due on the pension rolls has increased S I.47:i.SI.. This is n-au-ed by the great in creascd average rate tT pension's, created bv the liberal legislation of Congress. At the dose of the last li.-cal year there were on the pension rolls .1, s-.il persons, of whom 210..W! were Ar my pensioners, I0.J.47S being invalids and 101,--'-s widows anil dependent relatives; :;,!J0 were Navv pensioners, ol whom l.'.'W were invalids, and" 1,7-1 widows and dependent relatives; 'Jl,i::s were pensioners of the War of 1-1:!, Ij,s7j ol whom were survivors and r,P"-"5 were widows. Jt is estimated that $-2:,.".:;,),0cO will be required for the pavment of pensions for the next fiscal year, au amount $ !'.", out) less than the estimate for the present year. ii;)I.O;iC L EXfl.OKATIO.VS. The geological explorations have been prose cuted with energy 'luring the year, covering an area of about iii.OtO square m'iles in the Terri tories of Colorado, Utah and New Mexico, de vuiopmg the agricultural and mineral resources, and lurnishing interesting scientific and topo graphical details of that region. Till: IN'IUAN 'lUESTIOX. The method for the treatment of the Indians adopted at the beginning of my first term has been steadily pursued ami with satisfactory and encouraging results. It has been productive of evident -improvement in the condition of that race, and will be continued w ith only such modi fication as further experience may indicate to be necessary. THi: CENTENNIAL. The board heretofore appointed to take charge of the articles and materials per taining to tne War, the Navy, the Treasury, the Interior and the 1'ost-otlice I epari nients and the Department of Agriculture, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Commission of Food fish, to be contributed under the legis lation of last sc-sion to the International inhi bition to be held at Philadelphia during the en tennial t ear, I-7i.. ha-been diligent in the dis charge of the duties which have devolved up m it, and the propositions so far made, with the means at command, give assurance that the governmental contribution will be made one of the marked ch.tiacteri-tic- of the exhibition. The board has observed commendable economy in the matter of the erection ot buildings lor the Government exhibit, the c.per.-e of which it is estimated will not exceed, say $-0,00(1. 'ihi amouiirhas been withdrawn under the law irom the appropriations of five of the principal de partments, which lee .-ome of those depart ments without siitlicient means to render their re-peetive practical exhibits complete and satis factory. The exhibition being an international one and the Government being a voluntary con tributor, it is my opinion that its contribution should be of a character, in quality and extent, to sustain the dignity and credit of so distin guished a contributor. The advantages to the coiint.-y of a creditable display are in au interna tional "point of view of ine tir.-t impoi lance, while an indifferent or unercditablo participa tion by the Government would be humiliating to the patriotic feelings ol our people themselves. 1 commend the estimates of the hoard for the necessary additional appropriations. The powers of Kurope, almost without excep tion, many of the South American states, and even the more distant Kastem Powers have man ifested their friendly sentiments toward the Cnited States, and the interest of the world in our progress is evinced by the step taken to join with us in celebrating tho Centennial of the Nation, and I strongly re'-ommeud that a more national importance be given to this exibition b such legislation and by .-uch appropriation as tvill in-iire it- success. It.- talue 111 bringing to our shores innumerable Useful works of art and skill, the commingling of the citizens of foreign countries and our ow n. and the interchange of ideas and manufactures will tar exceed any pe cuniary outlay we may make. IXK'I'ME.NIS TUAN.-MITI'Ell. I transmit herewith the report of the Commis sioner of Agriculture, together with the reports otthe Commissioners, the Hoard of Audit and the Hoard of Health of the District of Columbia, to all oj which I invite your attention. The Hu reau of Agriculture has accomplished much in di-.-eininating useful knowledge to the agricul turist and :uso by introducing new and useful 1 reductions adapted to our soil ami climate, and arj worthy of uie continued encoiiragemei.t ot the Govoii'ment. The report of the Commission er of Iv.lucation , which aceomp-inie- the report of the eeretar of the Interior, shows a gratify ing progress 111 educational matters. MOK.M'iN ri'LYV.AMI . I have called attention to the anomalous, not to sav scandalous, condition of affairs existing in the Tcrritoiy of i tali, ami hate asked for de linite legi-I nion tt correct it. I li it pol gamy . t should exi-t 111 a tree, enlightened ud Christian country, without the power topuni-li so llagrant a crime against decency and morality , seems pre-po.-terou-. True, iherc is no law to" sustain thi unnatural vice, but what is needed 1- a law 10 punish it as a crime, and at tne same time to fix the status of the innocent children, the offspring of this svsteni and of thepo-.-ibly innocents plural wives; buta-an in-titution, polygamy should be banished from the land. While this is being done, I invite the attention of Congress to another, though perhaps no le-s an evil, the importation of Chinese women, but few of w hom are brought to our shore.- to pursue honorable or u-ef ul occupations. LAWS KKdl l.A I I.Nd LANK SALE-. observations while visiting the Territories of Wyoming, I'talt, and Colorado during the pa.-t autumn, convinced me that the ex-sting laws regulating the disposition ot public lands, tim ber, etc., ami probably the mining laws them selves, are very detective and should he cardully ainended and 'at au earlv dav. In a Territory where the cultivation of the soil c;ni only be t'o -lowed by irrigation, and this is not practicable, the lands can only be used a- pasturage, and thi. only where stock can reach water to quench it thirst, and cannot he governed by the same laws as to entries as lands et cry acre of which is an independent estate by itself. Lands must be hehl in larger quantities to justify the expense of conducting water upon it to make it fruitful or to justify utilizing it as pas turage. The timber in most of the Territories is principally confined to the mountain regions, which are"held for entry in small quantities only and as mineral lands. The timber is the prop erty of the Cnited States, for the di.-po.-al of which there is now 110 adequate law. The set tler must become a consumer of this timber whether he lives upon the plains or is engaged in working the mines ; hence every man becomes either a trespasser I "mself or knowingly a pa tron of trespassers. My opportunities' for ob serving were not sufficient to justify' me in recommending specific legislation on these subjects, bull do recommend that a joint committee ot the two Jlouses of Congress, sufficiently large to be divided into sub-committees, be organized to visit all the mining States and Territories during the coming slimmer, and that the committee shall report to Congress, at the next session, such laws or amendment- to laws as it may deem m cessary to secure the best interest of the Government, "and the people of these territories, who are ih-ing so much for their development, lain sure the citizens occupying the territories described do not w ish to be tres passers, nor will they be if legal ways are provided for them to become owners of these actual necessities of their positions. UECArm'LATION. As this will be the last annual message which I shall have the honor of tr.in-mitti'ig to Con gress befere my successor is chosen, I will repeat or recapitulate the questions which I deem of vital importance which should be legi-lated upon and settled atthis session . Kirst That the State shall be required to afford the opportunity of a good coinnioii-sce.ool education to every "child within their limits. Second That no sectarian tenets shall be ever taught in any school support -(! in whole or in part by the State or Nation, or by proceeds of any tax levied upon any commu nity; make Kducation compulsory so lar as to deprive all persons who cannot read and write from becoming voters alter the year Is'.n; disfranchising none, however, on grounds of illiteracy who may be voters at the time this amendment takes effect. Third Declare church and State forever separate and distinct, but each tree within their proper sphere, and that all church property shall bear its own proportion of taxes. Fourth Drive out licensed immorality, such as poly gamy and the importation of women for illegiti mate purposes. To recur again to the Centen nial year it would seem as though now, as we are about to begin the second century of our na tional existence, would be the most fitting time for these reforms. Fifth Knact such laws as will secure a speedy return to a sound currency, such as will command the respect of the world. Helieving that these views will commend them selves to the great majority ol the right-thinking and patriotic citizens of the United States, I submit the rest to Congress. Signed " U. S. (J HAN'T. ICxiiCEi it b Mansion, Dec. 7, IS7.1. A litiioguai'HKD Chinese circular on yellow paper has, according; to the .Rangoon Mail, been extensively placard ed over Uangoon. The following trans lation of this document shows that it is not of tin altogether comfortable na ture: "Leong Yeon Kee, Governor of Canton, brought three letters from Teo Tsum Soo, a Minister of the Emperor of China at Pekin, who has ordered that forty-nine days be set apart to feast the Chinese evil spirit. There will this year be scarcity of rice and plent3" of sickness. Evil spirits will descend to examine and inquire into the sickness. If people do not believe this, many will die in September and October. Should any people call you at midnight, do not answer; it is not a human being that calls, but an evil spirit. Do not be wicked, but be good." MEXICAN BORDER OUTRAGES. IVotv American 'Citi.cus are I,Iuvtlerci ami Kolibed Jiaitds of ICuiders Orjjm-ii-.cil and lo-tcretl by t lie Vj'enltby Aa livcrs OliicinI Kepon of ;-n. Oi'd to the Necrclitry of V,'nr. Mi:lfC.l:TKKS 1 i:i"A KTM KNT OK 'lY.X- as. San Avium , Sept. H), isTo. Sin: I hate the honor io report thai since I took command d' thi- department in April la-t the troop- -tatioiied therein have been kept httsy scotit inir. building; telegraph Iin"-. keeping po-ts in repair, ami attending li other legitimate duties. Weekly target practice lia-been 'kept up at ctery point, and has re-uited in fair progress where po-t and company commanders hate taken proper intere-t in that ali-iiti-portant branch of a soldier's education. A campai'-'ii again-t predatory Indian- i notv being t igorou-!y pro-eenteil by a col umn compo-ed of six eompanie- of the luth eat airy, two companies of the Jitii infantry, am! I company of the '2lh infantry, under command of l.ii-uieiiant-Colotiel Shatter. 'Jlth infantry. The Indian- against whom Col. Shatter isoperatingprohablycami' from .Mexico, and. after depredating; on the set tlements of Nortlitte-teru Texa-, have re treated to tlie edge of and into the Slaked l'lain-. So far hi.- parties have been sttc ce lul only in de-troying one Indian camp and material, and capturing a portion of the stolen animals in their po-.-e.-sion. He tvill remain in the lield a.- long a.- there is a chance of linding Indians. The mo-t important border dilliettlties. however, from which the tve-teru port ion of this department sutlers occur on the lower Rio (irande, whore some of the mo-t promi nent otlict is and -wealthy merchants of that part of Mexico have " for some time been regiiiarly engaged in the lutsim-- of lit ling o'it parties to plunder the -lock ranches on thi- -ide of tlie river, and when a- tva- to be expected from the American.- there was a di-po-ition not to submit to be plundered: citizens tt ho dppo-cd or gave informal ion, anin-t the raiders wi re mimb'rt d. Shortly alter 1 tool; command of the department 1 receited report- of the murder in open day light id -e oral prominent citizen- -one of thet'ia I nited state- Collector, another a l uiietl .-date- I'o-tma-ter and the robbing ol their preini-es; also of an attack upon and the killing of a patrol of soldier--, all done by -ome of the armed band- of .Mexican w ho. it tva- report d. v.ere contimiaUv run ning large hem.- of American stock aero into M'-xico. To -uch a degree were the few Aineri.-in inhabitant- of tin con u: it - bd.'eritig on Mexico intimidated l v the i"rer,ueiit murders and threats. -igain.-t American-generally by tlie-e raider- and their friends and allie- among the large portion of tagrant .Mexicans on our side of the river, thai they, with the exception of one family, lot: the country and lied to the towns. i:i:u;. ok nuuio!:. Throughout the valley of Hie Rio (irande. from the mouth for a dt-tance of -JtlO mih -up Hie river, and irom 1 10 mile- back from 1 it. crop-and herds hate been abandoned, and people dared not travel except in armed 1 partie-. Civil law oii!-ide of the town- tva--ii-peiidcd. and sheritl- and judge-reported to me that it tva- un-afe to attempt to exe cute proce--es ot law unle the ollieers of the law were accompanied by soldiers to ' propteet them. 1'nder the.-c eireum-tautv- iim (lovernor of the State applied through me and directly ' for a -utlicieiit military force to protect th- trontier, stating hi.- inability to do -o with' the mean- at hi- di-po.-al. 1 tva- directed to 1 inform him that it i- 1 he duty of tlie troop on the Rio (irande frontier to protect ail the oilicer-of the (ieiiera! Government , and a-' far a-po-.-ible aid the State authorities in protecting the people again-t organized band-of marauder- from any quarter. " which I did; at the same time I called at- ieiiiion to the i:rave character of the inva sion, and the importance of prompt and do- eis-ve measures by the Government of the I nited Staies. Tin State had but one small ! though act it e company of eat airy on that ; frontier, and the Cnited States had live q.iite -mall companies of t heittii cat airy scat tered along the nter at a distance ox "iUO miles. ; The valley of the river for this distance is ' almo.-t a jungle twenty or thirty miles wide. ( with winding path- aitd roads cut through a 1 interval-. The -oil i- a rich alluvium, audi even with the rude cultivation practiced by the Mexican- produces a large yield of coi n, cotton and -ugar-eane. A large number of , -mall ranches and Mexican huts, or jae-al-.' are scattered along, generally nearthe river. Tiie population of these is entirely ! Mexican. Their occupation appears to a traveler along tlie road to be principally screening them-olue- from the sttn in hot weather and riding from ranch to ranch. At nearly all the ranches ti-itcd by 111c 1 no ticed a surplus of armed men. and that '. lioi-se- were kept -addled. The American.- 1 s.iv it is impossible to discover who an hos tile and engaged in raiding, for the popula- j tiou is changing all the time and Mexican- ' from tlie west bank claim a re-idence on either side, to -nit their convenience, and , claim immunity a- American ciiizeiis from any interference by the military without due ; pron of law. Thi- claim they can e-tab-li-h by the easy procc-.- of .-wearing to what ever i-ncec-sarv. so that a dozen or more (in a-.-emble at a ranch in the United State from Mexico or lVrelice. elsewhere and defv inter- tin: i:aidi:i:s ok tin: i:to (;',:anii:. In siiort. thi-valley i- the only part of Texas where the Mexicans have continued in po-se ion since the treaty of Guadaloupe. and whenever Mexican troops, recruited pel hap- from the prison or compo-ed largely of criminals, have been sent to the Hio Grande border, they hat e deserted almost en ma-se, taking refuge on the ea.-t bank of the river, where they join the rogue- who in fest that country, and live upon either bank, as it may suit their eomenionce. The hon est Me.vicans who own ranches on our side and have some few cattle and horse.- left are more in dread of tlie .Mexican troop- on the border than any one else. The river is no obstacle to the raider-, for since the treaty made its channel the line between the two countries frequent changes have occurred. uid point- of land hate been cut oil', and now several pieces of .Mexico are found on ! this ride of the river. Those are used as ; places of rendezvous for tlie larger raiding parties, who can cro-.- at their leisure ami Si Sarval ; some unprotected ranch, perhaps a hundred I miles from the river, kill anv who resi-t. cast out as many cattle a-they need, and run them to the river, where tame oxen from the alexiean side are kept tied and without water. The.-t being loo-ed go for the river and home, leading th'' herd of stolen cattle rapidly aero , where no rutted States au thority has so far dared to follow, and where the people turn out to welcome the success ful spoilers of "los Americano-. " Earlv in la.-t June, after I had. as above stated, drawn the attention of tlie Govern- meat to the grave character of these frequent j violations of our soil, and the President had I 111 both cases the pirates were rewarded by trine of reason and revelation, and en directed a small naval force, with light- ! promotion and honors. Patrolling; the , fi, ...,, t , l'i,.: draught launches, to proceed to the mouth country along the Kio Grande witli a view ) nn tnc 'iat-l)lana 01 inc eclectic of thi; Hio (irande. Adjutant-General Steele. I of intercepting raiders before they can Bible, which he is publishing in the of this State, proceeded to the Kio Grande . reach the river with stolen herds in" their itrncb Pi-noL- te;'c -is Hi. Wnnl ,,f to investigate the alleged invasion of that j possession. is as if we had tried to stop dep- , U 1CCk MC-scn'J7i a 1110 ),0'(lw border. At his and my request .Mr.. Dwyer, j redations upon our commerce by the JJarbs Cod. 1 of this place, accompanied him as interpret- it. tin his return, to suiuiiy queries of mine he answered as follow.-: i VIOLATIONS OK TIIK TKUATY. StN ANioxto, .July.'i, 17.". General K.O. C. On!, Cnited .-tates Army, Commanding Depart - uieiit of Texas (."eneral : In compliance with I your reipiest, I have the honor to reply to your iiniiirie;i in reference to a 11 airs on the Hiotlraude ! border, .v ri itini : I. Have you any reason for believing that IScn '. oral Cortina i.-.-tiil in the .Mexican service? This ipiestioii i fettled, as Ccneral Cortina has ! hut not legitimate enough for regular-to ap , been sent under arrest to the City of Mexico j pit", tt ere compelled to botrav the iio-itioii , "for ili-obedicnce of orders." 1 was informed :ll,',i the -trength of tin ir band. ill Mat.tn.oras, -Mexico that Cortina was a Hrig- , j j .,,, f(,r .ii,.vinjr lIiat ,;, adier eneral in the .Mexican Army, but, as he I , , , . r. ...!. ... . .- .1 ; was not in active service, tva receiving h:tNr nier from i tie .d.-xtcan .oven m.-al or t he , j,.,y. arrest of Cortina was due to the order for ', 1. Has he, as far as you ennhl learn, been sell- ' the movement of a natal force to the 31exi- I ing came, i-ei, c-ic, 10 parties supplying que spauirh ijovirtimeiit'r " i Miring my visual jiro-.vnsviue, Texas, I met ' ' Si'flii!' V:l"!iim.nr sl:viniO !i .--l:m!.-i!-l :l Irn.iei- t ' .........I ! I ....I.-.." ..... :rt...... .'. ! Yaguno told me he had come to Texas to buv cat- i murx adopted than simply sending; t roop j tie to take to Havana. Cuba. enor Vaguifo.-aiil "" sailor- to look on while our people are 1 tome- ' 1 went .-nine tifty miles into Texas with : being de-poiled and murdered, for it is very , the intention of purchasing beeve- irom some of et ideiit that the sailor-and -oldiers. iiovvet 11 1 the big cattle men of lexas.but 1 found out I could do better in Matamoras, Mexico, and 1 returned there and bought the cattle I desired irom C.heno." I asked who Cheuo was. He replied, ' 'Cheno Cortina Juan Nepoiuuccno Cor tina. Seuor Yaguno told me he had contracted with Cortina tor :; n-'ii head of cattle, to consi-: 1 "''eves ami I,.iiio mixed cattle; that he was 10 pay .-s 11 per neai, delivered at naguad, Mexico. s-enor Yaguno told me the steamer was then at the Boca del Hio, waiting for the fir.-t cargo of cattle. The name of the steamer, I believe, was Irene of N ine. :l. Did you learn how he furnished the cattle and ttho.-c they were.- .More than two-ihirds if not all the cattle fur nished were Texas cattle. Cortina made the lirst dclit cry 01 cattle at Hagiiad. Mexico. Sergeant Hail, of Captain L. H. MeNallyV company, State troops, an intelligent and most trustworthy man, was sent, disguised , to Inspect the cattle at Hag dad and on the lighters that were loading the steamer, lie reported that the most of the cattle shinned had Americnn ln:r.iil hr:mi!cil with Captain If. lung's, of Santa Certrinles, Nueces Conwy; capi. ienneity s, .ludge raruer s, and other brands of citizens" of Texas. I . Were any of his employi c.- killed while driv ing across recently to Mexico; if .-, how many, etc. , and who? 1 believe all the men killed by McNallv's com pany of rangers mi the I ah day of .lane, !?70, were employees of (.eneral 1 ortma. An Inspector of Ctislomoof :he port of Hrotvns- villi was aboard the lighti r whilst taking cattle on the Mexican bank of Kio Hravo, and he made an allidavit (which I believe is in tin; hands of j Adjutant -1. eneral William Steel, at Austin, Tex- ! t a.-; , to the effect that he saw General Cortina ' siiperinteii.i in poivon tlie deuvery of catt:e at Hairdad. Mexico, and that he recognized one I'ancho f.op,,, one Guadrdnpe r-;:Ts.!, and: .lo-e .Maria Akuin, alias Ahaia, wl.o v.ere with (. i t.i:a at the time. f!i. dead bodies of I'ancho Lope., Guadalupe, 1 .-a and others were r.t.ogni.cd among: Kspin tho-c killed by C.tpt-uinMcNaUy'scompanv. and! it was well known that Algum. alias Abuja, ar- rived at Matamoras severe v wounded, he be- 1 mi: the only one of the cattle thieves who es- CTnese raiders were takir.g about -.0 head of! line beeves to makeup the best load for Havana. ! .'). How many of the lower or more desnerate Mexicans could Cortina murtcr to aid him in al raid, and did you learn if a larsre party cro-sed recently intending to attack towns and villages; 11 so, wny did tne attack tan, etc.? iVom all 1 could a.-eeitain Cortina could easily ! rai-e at lea.-t -.'.i o I well armed men. " ! The raiders that depredated on the Nueces ' 1'iver came from the Kepul lic ot Mexico. This ' i-not even ib nicd by Mexican citizens in Mata- ! monis and Camargo", Mexico. j It was a positive inva-ioii of Texas. The raid was to have been more extensive, as a great I manv more raiders than tho-e who evenlmillv came to the Nueces Hiver cm. ed the Hio (-irande Hivcr ami met at a rendezvous in t!v interior of 'r..:n l.lll hli-!:itv in e.m-..(o;. o.-e..f 5. .lis-. iI:e.u.1!..o,. l .Li..seiv-:.-io.v1iosH.Mi ..as-UMie. command ol the expedition, tne partv broke up, , and mo-t of the raider-, returned to Mexico, bat one of the chiefs got a partv to follow him, and made the successful raid." having, within r.ve I nmes in Corpus Christ!, stolen money, watches, clothing, goods, arms and horses, and totallv dCstroyeii by lire the store of Mr. Noakes. Mr. Noakes wounded one of the raiders, nam ed Goiiina, who was hung at Corpus Christi. The raiders wounded a citizen named Smith at Noakes" store. I was informed by a Mexican gentleman, a lawyer and man of standing in Matamoras, .Mex ico, that he knew that Cortina had organized and encouraged the raid in Texa- Kigt.t of the raiders, on their return from Texas with their iiooty. were arrested in Camargo and Mier. .Mex I ico. Lverv one ot them was mounted on hor.-es . bearing American brands, as reported by .Mr. j Avery, the Cnited States commercial agent at Camargo, Mexico. j The raiders, from ail accounts, came prinei- 1 pally from Los Cuevas, Heynosa, La Holsa and .Matamoras, Mexico. " ; In conclusion, I would say that I gathered the 1 aliove information during" a tour of inspection j and observation in conjunction with General ' William -Hecle. the Adjutant-General of Texas, under official instructions of his Kxcelleucy Gen- erai ookc. I have the honor to bp, General, very respect- j fully, t our obedient servant, ' ! Sig:iedl .losr.ru K. Owvki:. 1 HANDITS IN' CO.M.MtN'I) OK GO VIOLS' -tlHNT liCAIIDS. alajor Dwt er i- one of the mo-t n liable men of tiiis city, and was urged by me to go ; w ilh General ste'de. because he tvas friend- 1 ly disposed towaitls Me.xi. in citizens geuer- ' ally, and had expre ed the belief that the i report-of raiding were much exaggerated. and thought the Americans as much to j blame a- the Mexicans. 1 1 have learned from a gentleman of relia- ; bility that the present commander of the ( ustom-house guards at Mier. Mexico, is a iiotor'nti- bandit, and led the partv that murdered Mr. Lovell. in Jlav la-t. and plundered the Tinted States Custom-inuise at 'an.o. 1 hate reeest ed letter- Irom or . " " , coin cr-cd with nearly etery 'nited State-; Nothing more was seen or Heard ot and State otlicial from Hrown-tilh" to Kio ' the turtle that vcar. Hut the next sen Grande Citv. and without exception thev ; ,, . , . T corroborate" the statements which I hate ! son II' was 111 n,s i?1"1'" 'h.v, given. Tiie ( atliolie Ju'-iiop id" tiiat di-trict, i and looking into the brook, there, on who has vi-ued. 1 sttppo-e. evert ranch I from the i!razo- to Slier, and who doubtle ha- tlie intere-t of native .Mexicans at heart and at one time thought the Americans to : bbime. !i lived mo 1 li-if 111 bi loiiiiion llni-i . would be no neace in that countrv for our . 'eitiens until the Menu Madro should be 1 made the boundary line. I I believe the r nited States is able to pre- ; sene the integrity of and enforce a proper tt.tiu io; us 0011 soi: ituooui u..iunum: its limits. a vicouors and acgkkssivi: I'ot.icv hi':c- (M.tti;N't)i:i. j Tiie arrest of Cortina by the Mexican Gov ernment, duo to the order of the ITcsident sending a naval force to the Lower Hio j ecu followed up 1 (irande. could ea-ily have lt bvan attack upon and breaking up of the ' iu-ts of robbers at I.o-Cuevas. (iuerreroand ' Ktr. " h"OW" lU JU-Mran I it- well Known to the Mexican au- i thoriiic.-. 1 . It seem- tome that tlie circumstances of the plunder ot the stock ranches on the Hio : Grande are alino-t identical with the piracies committed on our commerce at one time by ' the Algerincs, who lied in security to their ' own port- with their prizes. There the , oll'en-e- were committed on the open -ea: lu re the-, are committed with the same ea-e (di tin open plain. found :l CeMlR- -rib In both ca-es the pirates j ! iiorts where" their expeditions were titled ' lUl men i.iliniira 111 IIIC . out. namely. Algiers and Tripoli, etc.. for I f'.w. tT.wi.. ...... .-..... f ........ .. ... -Mier, and Guerrero for the" Mexicans, and ! .ii.iL.ioioi.is, i.ri iisj j .un;u go. j ly scattenuir our i rtti-ers :ilonr tin north coa.-t of Africa with the view of iiUerceptin-. some Algerine pirate before he could get within three leagues of the land with his American prize. The siicee of Captain McNallv of tin State troop- in striking the party of Cortina" men in po 1 ion of stolen herds recently tva-due to his accidentally capturing 'ttt straggling robbers, who, bythe'ii-o of the onlv ell'ectual mean- known in such ca-e-. '.tit sninn r. ! A-Cortina was not the onlv leader of raid ing bands, and the other- are still at their old lui-ine-s, some more eH'eetual means willing;, can do nothing if confined to this side of the river, and an order to make re prisals, with the means to carry out tin or der, has sometimes resulted in indemnity as well as -ecttrity. Copies of quite a number of affidavits and of 1 statement- corr.boratitV of what I here re port, and received from Cnited States and State ollieials, have been forwarded by me through the proper channel to tiie i?tate De partment. Originals of a part of the.-t. numbered from 1 to 10. are forwarded here with. I am, re.-pectfullv. vour obedient I servant. K. O. C. Oi:n. A.. Commanding;. Rrigadier-Coneral C. S A Knowing Turtle. In a certain town of Connecticut 51 man had planted his garden, and very near the water Avas a bed of encumber In the brook there, close by. a large turtle made his home, ami he would frequently stray for hours on a large rock to sun himself. Now. tins turtle liked cucumbers sis well as boys ami girls liked peaches. .Every night he would go out among tin? vines, and make his supper from the fruit. Every morning the owner of the garden went out, and found his best cucumbers, which he intended for his own dinner, eaten. i ms displeased lnm very muctl. u 1.... ,r.... 1 . 1. v.... m-i 11.41.-, "" '"' ""s""11! i"1 tne old turtle that knew en'uirn to tuck . , , , , ,'. out the be-t cttcumoers. lor Ins supper, knOV'' enough to keep out of traps. The man put lip "scare-crows ;M but the . : ,. . , . ., , turtle wasn t airaut. rA'ery Ulgilt lie went out of his mud-house, by traps anil under scare-crows, and feasted till he could eat no more, lint one morning he stayed too late. Air. Wilson, who owned the garden, arose very eurly.and there he saw the thief scratching his tvaj" to the brook as fast as his scaly ; claws could CaiTV him. ,' ,, , i All". WllSOtl SUW 110 UlUSu C it en the turtle OV lOSC IlIS CUCUmOefS. ilC watched fr him very closely the next - i . , 1 , nig;ht, and JUSt as he was enjoying a p.o.itl,!,,. bo nut his foot under him and turned him over on his back. The old fellow clawed and struggled, and snapped with his seisjors-like jaws; but it was of no use. lie had been stealing too long to get away easily- Ah. Wilson put him into a barrel, won ! . , ,. deritur what he should do with him. Tht next day, as Air. Wilson was go inr to drive over to the store in the neighboring town, he thoiurht he would put the troublesome turtle into his wagon, and carrying him off. xow he had read of people's cutting ! illM,,,. . ,. ,i,0 i,.,,.i- ,.f f,.,.fi, . .,,,,! ,.tci 011 te "MW ot tt.t tie.-, .hid Iettnur them iro, lindinir them airain after manv vears. He thoujrht he would trv it. So he took hi knife, and cut '"A. W."1 in the turtle's back. And he cut a '"Miuare aim compass muter ms inuntis. Jie was -ure he should know that turtle if he ever saw him again. Then off he. drove, with his prisoner at his feet, in a basket. When he got about set en miles from home, he came to a bridge which cros-ed a river. Here he stopped and j tjir(W Ah. Turtle into the tvater.snvin"; : ; , '"'.' "'1 gues you will not steal out oi rarden airain verv soon." tin; .-tone watch-tower, was the otd tur- tie aiiain. gain. The very same ; a little larger than a dininir )late now, but with "A. W.' J :m(j "square and compass" on his '11 j :u'k. j Seven miles afoot! Isn't that pretty well for a turtle, boys? Who taught him to love his old home in the muddy brook? Who showed him the way back ? What kind of "guide-boards"' has God up in the water and the grass to . . . lu,ull ulL U1U 10:1,1 l" :i t"'' I wonder if he sunir "Home. .Sweet tt ... ,1... Homeronthewayl-r,;, . Ax Eclectic Church has been formed by the I!ev. Alpheus l'ickell, tif Urush Creek, Towa. The Eclectic Tope claims to be infallible. lie proclaims only a limited punishment in the future life : (len;es tIie (ioc.lr;ne 0f tw Uosurrection as taught by the orthodox churches; ndoe-; the- m-nmis-o nf tho 1? " of Christ; pronounces bigamy the (toe- B