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Modern Infernal Machines.
The recent deplorable catastrophe at Bremerhaven has once more drawn atten tion to the fact that time and money still continue to be expended, and talent wasted and misapplied, in devising the most re fined methods of executing the most das tardly and diabolical designs. Mechanical skill appears to be laid under special con trfb ltion in these matters, although it can scarcely be doubted that those whose skillful hands contrive these cunning de vices are perfectly innocentof the intended application of their handiwork. As far as we at present know, he whose wasted life has just been closed by a pistol-bullet at Bremerhaven employed an apparatus consisting of a hammer, which was to strike a blow on some explosive substance at the end of a predetermined time, and which hammer was actuated by clock work, No precise description of the ma chine has as yet been given, although the exact particulars will doubtless transpire during judicial inquiry. It is, however, by no means improbable that the mechan ical arrangement will prove to be very much like one which was destined for a similar dastardly purpose nearly three years since. As stated in a letter of a correspondent, writing over the signature of " Warhawk," and which appeared in the Time .• of the 22d inst., there was at that time a conspiracy to ship a quantity of highly-insured but worthless goods on board one of the Messageries Maritimes Company's vessels either at Bordeaux or Marseilles. With the goods was to be shipped an infernal machine, which at a given time was to explode, cause the de struction of the ship and bring the con spirators their miserable reward. This machine consisted of a chest containing a powerful explosive compound and an ex ploding apparatus. The principle of the exploder was that of the needle-gun, a needle being driven into a primed cart ridge and causing the explosion of the whole mass of the compound. The mechanism consisted of a needle, or striker, set in a bolt, at the other end of which was a spiral spring held in a tube. When the bolt was forced back into the tube there was of course a powerful press ure behind it tending to push it outward and to drive the needle into the cartridge. In order to hold the bolt back until die proper moment for the discharge had ar rived a catch or stud was formed on it, which was made to engage with a hori zontal lever having a hammer-shaped head. The lever was connected with springs so arranged as to have a constant tendency to release its head from the catch. This tendency, however, was counteracted by a broad disc of metal which, being placed close against the lower part of the lever-head, held it in its place in front of the catch on the needle bolt. In the disc was cut a notch suffi ciently deep to allow the lever-head to drop into it when that part of the disc was presented to it, and so to release the needle-Dolt. The disc was revolved by a train of clock-work so speeded as that the disc should travel a given distance in a definite time. The edge of the disc was marked with a number of spaces, one space representing a day, and the edge would travel through that space in one day. Assuming the disc to be marked into ten portions and the machine to be required to explode in eight days, the lever would be set at the eighth mark from the notch. The clock-work would then be started and the disc would revolve until, at the end of the eighth day, the notch would arrive at the lever-head, which would be forced into the notch by its springs. The needle-bolt would thus be released, and being impelled sharply forward by the powerful spiral spring at its rear would cause the explosion of the cartridge and so of the whole mass of the explosive compound. Thus would be consummated a catastrophe from which it is probable no living soul would escape to record it. The " rats," of which there are two species, are of a more vicious nature. One species is intended to operate on iron ships, the othsr upon wooden ones. The iron-ship "rat" consists of a block of iron known as " Keutledge," which has a hole bored in it, in which is placed a tubular boring-tool containing an acid. On the top of the boring-tool is a lever, with a weight at its outer end, and this lever can work to and fro horizontally in a space cut nut of the top of the " Keut ledge." The lever is, of course, carefully boxed in and the surface of the iron re stored. A confederate is required, who will place the machine in the right posi tion—that is, with the bottom of the bor ing-tool downward and on the iron skin of the vessel. Being so placed the rolling of the ship causes the lever to move back ward and forward and the end of the tool to cut into the ship's plates, the action be ing promoted by the acid and by a slight pressure given to the boring-tool by a spring. The -terrible process may be somewhat slow, but is very sure. The wooden ship rat is a more complex machine, and possibly more ingenious. It consists of a box in which are placed a P* 1 *'°f vertical cylinders, one at each end of the box and spaced about five feet apart. In the center, between the two, is a hori zontal cylinder, having a piston working i® *55 rod Passing through a stuffing „ end of U»e piston-rod works a rachet-drill, or auger, the auger be ing weighted. The two vertical cylinders are «ich half filled with water, and com municate with the horizontal cylinder bv pipes, each haying its own pipe leading to the end of the horizontal cylinder near est to it. The consequence is that as the ship rolls the water alternately quits and returns to the vertical cylinders, and, act ing first on one side of the piston and then the other, communicates a reciprocating motion to the piston-rod. This motion is converted into a rotary motion at the weighted auger, and in time a hole is bored through the planking of the ship, which gradually fills and may be lost be fore tiie seat ot the leak is discovered. Provision is made for the release of the auger directly the hale has been bored and the resistance to it removed, when it silently drops through into the sea. Thus the hole is not plugged by the auger, and the ends of villainy are succesaful. Should the hole be discovered and the box be ex amined, there is nothing in it, except to a professional eye, to show how the hole' was produced. Like the iron-ship rat, the wooden-ship rat requires a confederate to place it well for its deadly work. Such are some of the devices for giving effect to one of the foulest offenses against society. —London Timet. A Fine-Art Experience. Into one of the large jewelry and fancy § oods stores of Boston walked, the other ay, one of those customers that the holi day season sometimes brings to town. He was a hard-handed, loose-jointed, broad shouldered individual, carefully dressed in a new suit of baggy, ready-made clothes, a home-laundried shirt, and a hat which, although perfectly new, was three seasons behind the present fashion. Sauntering up to one of the salesmen with a very obvious attempt at being at home among the glitering splendor of the salesroom, and a general air of " Not to be astonished or done by you Boston fellers," he inquired: 41 Got any bronzes ?" The clerk answered in the affirmative, and led the way to a bewildering stock of bronze statuettes, clocks, etc. The visitor stared at them for a moment as an in terior African might have at the first white man he had ever seen, and then, setting his hat a little more firmly on his head, asked : 44 Which o' them figgers might be the Venus of high low?" The trained salesman, with placid coun tenance, quietly replied : 44 1 do not remember any by that title ; are you sure that was the name?" The patron of the fine arts drew a large, yellow silk handkerchief from his hat, and, mopping his face uneasily, said: 44 It moût ha' been ace high, but I think it was high low ; Mariar sed that ef I thou't of seven-up I shouldn't forget the name. The tact is," said the puzzled pur chaser, with a sudden burst of confidence— 44 the fact is, Cap, I hev just put up a new tenment down to South Higginsboro', and Maria 'lowed she'd like a brunze m the keepin'-room, suthin' like what she seed once in Cousin Sam Stiffner's parlor on Beacon street. Cousin Sam he writ the name on a card, 'n praps I've gotit now and, diving into his breast pocket as if he was to unsheath a two-handed sword he lugged out a long pocket-book, from the depths of which he plucked a card and handed it to the salesman. 44 Ah!" said the latter, "the Venus of Milo. Yes, sir, here is a fine copy, a re production by Barbidienne." The customer surveyed it earnestly for a moment, and then said : 44 Ye hain't got a perfect one, hev ye, Cap? This 'ere one has lost both her arms and got dents all down her back." The patient salesman explained that the statuette was a copy of the original that was found in that condition. 44 Shoh!" commented the other, and then hesitatingly, ''don't any of them have any more close 'n that? This 'ere one's nightgown 'pears to have kind of slipped off on her." Again the shopman, despite his twitch ing muscles, explained to his attentive listener that it was an imitation of an ancient statue. He, however, cocking his head on the side, inquired : 44 Wall, now, what'll you tax fur her, jess as she stands?" rapping his bony knuckles on the bronze as if it were a buzz saw. 44 One hundred and fifty dollars for that size," said the clerk. 4 'Wha-a-t!" almost shouted the aston ished would-be natron of the arts; 44 a hundred 'n fifty dollars fur a brunze gal 'thout any arms, and skearce a rag to her back! Venus ot My Low! Venus of Your High, I should say. A hundred 'n fifty dollars ! Why, that's half the mortgage on Brother Jim's fprm. Guess Mariar must thought my name was William B, Astor, instead of John Higgins;" and, fixing his hat a little firmer, he made a hasty exit from the store and struck a straight line for the Eastern Railroad station.— Boston Commercial Bulletin. THE EDITOR'S CENTENNIAL. Thx waves ot time have lashed their spray Against onr rocking pebble world One hnndred times since that great day That Freedom's banner was unfurl'd Above the ranks where heroes stood, P> epared t> die at Freedom's call, Which first rang dnt o'er town and wood From grand old Independence Hall I Brave colenists with hearts so true They dared throw off their galling yokes— (''Why, Uncle Jake! how do yon do This morning? How are all the folks I Glad to hear they're well")—and with The steel of sword and bayonet Defend the right^-(" No, Mr. Smith, Your posters are not printed yet.") They met, nor flinched, nor bent the knee To hirelings from a foreign snore ; Their cry was 44 Death or Liberty!" ( 4> Come back, yon coss, and shut the door!") War's thnnder rolled! Colombia's skies Were veiled and lofty mountains shook— (" A quarter, sir, will advertise Your lost morocco pocket-book.") And fields were dyed with many a drop Of crim-on gore—though it did flow— < 44 Get shaved ! You'll find a barber shop This -ide—the second door below") Did flow—until the ground was wet And dotted o'er with clotted pools— ("No ! haven't any copy yet. Tell them to set upon their stools!") They fought (" No!") like the sons of Troy, And drove the British from our shores That we to-day ("Yes") might enjoy The peace (Oh, curse the office bores!")— The peace (" Whose poodle dog is that ? Get out! Now let the 4 devil'come, I've copy for him, and it's fat!")— The death of—Pandemonium ! —J faditon ( Wit.) Courier. The 44 marriage epidemic" which pre vailed toward the close of the last year did not affect Boston. The returns of the marriages in that city in 1875 show a de crease of 703 as compared with 1874. The 4 blue stockings" of the Hub will have to come West, where there is a surplus of men. The great bell of China, at Pekin, is thirteen feet in diameter. The daughter °founder is said to have thrown her selt into the molten mass in order to se cure, through human sacrifice, a perfect casting. It is no uncommon thing in America for men to sacrifice themselves to belles. " 8o vou wouldn't take me to be twenty?" said a rich heiress to an Irish gentleman, while dancing the polka. 44 What would you take me for, then ?" 44 For better or worse," replied the son of the Emerald Isle Edible Insects. » _ In far Eastern India, of which we have heard such marvelous tales in days gone by that we could almost believe it to be the enchanted land where gold was to be found already coined, and where trees bore jewels for fruit, the inhabitants do not disdain to go to the ant, und, after considering her ways, to eat her. For, at certain seasons of' the year, when the white ants, the termites, emigrate from one place to another, you may see a great commotion among the natives. They gather near the ant-hills and hastily dig two holes in the earth-house ; on the side opposite the wind a kettle is placed, smeared with an aromatic herb known as bergera, while on the windward side a fire is built with materials emitting a vile odor. This hastens the departure of the ants, which, it seems, have the sense of smell, and they hurry from their hill to take refuge in the perfumed kettle, which, when it is filled, the black men carry off, and deposit the unlucky ants on hot stones or metal plates, where they are parched. The next thing done is to grind the ants to a powder, which is sold as cheap flour. The poor make this into cakes, which, largely eaten, give the consumer a rapid and fatal cholera. In Africa there is not so much enter prise shown in ant-hunting. The natives wait on the borders of the rivers, into which, in the swarming season, shoals of the winged insects fall. When the waters are covered the black men paddle from shore in their tiny canoes and skim the ants off with calabashes, then hurry back to parch their prize, like coffee kernels, in pots. When this is done they cram them down their greedy throats by the handful, without further cooking or sauce Alexander von Humboldt relates that when journeying through South America he came, at the close of a tiresome day, to a little Indian settlement where the In dians were taking tneir evening meal. This consisted of a white paste covered with black spots, eaten hot, and apparent ly relished. Upon examination it ap peared to be no other than a compound ot ground ants and water, which was a fa vorite dish in the wilds of the Rio Negro and Guiana. The flavor of the cakes was pleasant, being half sweet, half acid, from the formic acid secreted by the ant.- On account of the flavor given by this acid the insects are often distilled with rye to flavor the cheaper brandies of Sweden. Let all those who love the spider, even taming it to make its gossamer home in their rooms, remember this to use as an argument against the tidy housewife who would with cruel broom destrov the fairy palace and its builder—that in case of famine you could eat it; for the Boshie men of the East consider spiders as dain ties, and a French naturalist tells us that in New Caledonia large quantities of a spider about an inch in length are eagerly sought for and devoured by the natives after they have roasted them. Reaumer relates of a delicate young French lady that she could never pass a spider in her daily walking in her stately-hedged gar den, where spiders always thrived, with out seizing' each she saw and quickly crunching it. A dainty morsel, truly! But those who are fond of them say they taste like hazel-nuts; and Once there lived a jolly Teuton, Who thickly did bespread With many a fat and juicy spider His Fran's good seeded bread. A number of grubs and larvæ have been and are eaten the world around. The Roman ladies of the later Empire, when inclined to leanness, grew fleshy on the cossus, the grub of a caterpillar found in the oak tree ; and to accord with the sen suous ideas of beauty prevalent in the East the sultanas fatten themselves by eating a richly-cooked grub which their slaves bring to them. In tropical Ameri ca, or particularly in the West Indies, one need not be astonished if asked at dinner to partake of gruqu, or boiled weevil, for it is there considered by epicures to be as great a dainty as frogs' legs are thought to be by the French, or as vipers, 44 the eel of the hedge," are by the Italians of Terracina, or as birds' nests are by the Chinese. The Mexican Indians distill a liquor from this beetle and use it as a stimulant. Indeed, so great is the demand for them that the cabbage-palm, which abounds on the islands, particularly in San Domingo, is bored to entice the beetles to deposit their eggs therein. When their larvæ arrive at full size they meas ure three inches in length and one in cir cumference. Their body, which is of a dingy yellow color, looks like a piece ol fat enveloped by a thin skin and capped by a small black head. Roasted on a spit or broiled, and seasoned with salt and pepper and eaten with dry, pulverized bread, they grace many a Haylian table. Why should they not? Are they not cleanly ? Have they not a delicate and delicious flavor? Is the meat of the opos sum better, or the food of the pig Buch that we should eat its flesh with relish ? Is the condition of the goose before we are able to obtain the celebrated pate de foie gras so healthy that we should prefer it to the cleanly body of a harmless grub, whose life is supported by the fresh, sweet juices of a graceful palm tree ? Truly the Romans and Haytians are more sensible and less squeamish than we. " Mons. Cobweb, good monsieur, get red hipped bumble-bee on the top of a thistle, and, good monsieur, bring me the honey bag. Have a care the honey-bag break not. I would be loth to have you over flown with a honey-bag, signor." So says the bewitched weaver in the "Midsummer Night's Dream ;" and the people of Ceylon do even as Bottom, and eat the busy honey-bee, thereby setting a most perni cious example, which let us avoid. Or if we must have to eat of the fly kind, we will buy the aromatic gall-flies, which, preserved in sugar, are brought from Scio's rocky isle ana offered lor sale in the crooked streets of Constantinople. In an island far away in the South Pacific the natives catch large quantities of butterflies, which, like the ants, are roasted and eaten after their wings are rubbed off, and after the consumer has re covered from the few hours' sickness they always occasion. Among the folk-lore of the Hottentots you may find this legend : 44 Far away in the North-land dwells the great master , , -------- conjurer, who, when he wishes to confer a benefit on his people, rolls away a stone from the mouth of a certain deep pit and from it issues a host of winged messen gers who soar away to the southward and there surrender themselves as food to the hungry Africans." These messengers are the famous locusts of which it is recorded that John the Baptist ate, and which are to-day sold by the cart-load in the cities of Morocco. With how much affection the Romans spoke of the locust! 44 A little, harmless creature," says one historian, 44 cele brated for its song from most ancient times." This same song was so dear to the Greeks, 44 because it seemed to give life to the solitude of our shady groves and academic walks, and conveys to our minds the idea of a perfectly happy be ing," that they kept the insect in cages, and gave it pet naines, as, 44 The Nightin gale of the Nymphs," 44 Sweet Prophet of the Summer," 44 The Love of the Muses." Then, after all this lavishing of affection, they ate it! Aristotle, with a smack of the lips, says of the female locusts, caught before the depositing of their eggs, and fried in sweet oil: ' 4 Quo tempore gustu suavissimo sunt "— 44 at which time they are very sweet." Another naturalist says when the cicadas first leave* the earth they are plump and oily, and used in making soap. Bread is also made of them, and in Africa a kind of sweet cake. This is probably what Shakespeare refers to when Iago, plotting against the Moor, says, in his wrath: 44 The food that to him now is as luscious as locusts shall be to him shortly as bitter as coloquintida"—the bitter apple of Crete. The little, dew^sucking locusts are not to be confounded with the strong-jawed grasshoppers, the Heupferde, or 44 hay liorses," as the Germans call them, and as Martin Luther translated the word from the Hebrew text, for, though used as food, it is the grasshopper that commits such depredations on the foliage. It was one of these that the Arabian poet represented as appearing before Mohammed and say ing : 44 We are the army ofthe great Goa ; we have power to consume the world." The Indians of our Western plains cook these insects, divested of their jump ers, and stewed in milk or fried in butter and crumbs ; and one who will vouch for their delicacy heartily recommends them to the 44 grasshopper sufferers" of the West. By this means their minds may be relieved concerning their larder, and we need spare no more of our 44 old clo' " to appease their famine. Caterpillars are devoured in Australia, the unwound silk-worm by the economic al 44 heathen Chinee," and squirming cheese-mite by a more Christianized peo ple, whom we forbear to name, but, as the nations advance in general civilization, the custom of depending on insect diet seems to be dying away. The snail soup, still eaten hy the peasants of Southern France, is, we believe, the nearest ap proach to any food of the kind in modern Europe, and the various grubs, bugs and hoppers devoured by our wild Indian tribes are the only instance of the kind in the West, though one finds very queer food in his wanderings over the plains. Why should the thought of eating that which is cleanly, healthy, sweet and nourishing be repulsive? Are the locusts ol gossamer wing, the neat white ant, and the sap-nourished grub too good for 44 na ture's daily food?" 44 Every man to his taste."— Harper's Basar. Quick Ears. It is sometimes surprising to see how animals learn to pick out the sound in which they take an interest from the thousand noises of the city. In Paris a man who goes about with cheap meat for the cats rings a bell as he approaches the house of a customer. Long before tue members of the household detect the sound pussy will spring to the door, and with eager looks await the arrival of her benefactor ; for, as she has no ideas of trade she can only look on the 44 cat-meat man' as a true philanthropist She can always pick out his voice and tone amidst the tur moil of the busy street. A gentleman away in a Western seaport was down on the wharf one day, when he saw a dog spring up and prance about in a very joyful manner. He could see no reason for the excitement; but a by stander explained : 44 That is Mr. Fairy's dog. He is mate on board the Alexan dria, and as soon as the dog hears the whistle of that boat he knows it, and goes for it." Sure enough, the dog started off at full speed for the dock where the vessel stopped and as soon as it touched the wharf he. boarded it, and sprang to meet his be loved master. The owner of such a faith ful dog ought certainly to be a good mas ter. To most people the whistle of one steamboat was much like another, but this shaggy fellow had learned the exact tone of the one lor which he watched and waited. It is still more wonderftil that dogs, and perhaps some other animals, seem to un derstand conversation sometimes, and act upon the hints they get in this way. A clever little fellow, who always liked to ride with folks, but was often shut up at home, was sitting in the breakfast-room one morning, when the family planned to go to town that day. 44 Shall you go with the single or the double team, father?" asked one. 44 With the double team," was the re ply. Shortly after Dash disappeared, and nothing was seen of him until the party had got some four miles on their way, when he meekly crawled out from under the back seat, and wagged his tail in a way that seemed to say: 44 You certainly can't send me back, now I have got so for-'' He seemed to know which sleigh to hide in, and could only have learned from the conversation .—Lutheran Ob - server. Good girls for household work can be secured at wages lower by about fifty cents per week than the prevalent prices paid before the hard times began. They are still well paid as a body, and no class in the community are more independent, and, it may be added, more ready to assert their independence.— Boston Traveller. HOUSEHOLD HINTS. Egg Soft Cakes.— Take two eta , pint of sweet milk ; add flour to mata very thin batter ; have a griddle verTba butter well and turn on the h*%r whSL must be verythin, and they will less than a minute. If made right will be almost transparent. An end**! physician says they can hurt no ob» Beat the yelks and whites of the eg*»*!,' arately to a froth. When your canary droops and ng. ill, particularly if he shows signs of asth. .ma or a cold, by a wheezing jound, fai him for a week on boiled bread and milk Mix bird-seed and flax-seed and jdva Also strew red pepper plentifully on » piece of salt pork ana tie il up in the within reach. Give it also a little (afin» in its water now and then — w.___■* (Ä. I.) Patriot. To PBEVENT chafing use a lotion alum in water, applied with a rag befer« retiring. A piece of alum as large m « hazelnut, dissolved in a half i water, is sufficient. It will quickly fed excoriated skin and harden the unahradal cuticle. The use of this for yean w» the most beneficial results is sufficient na. thority for a trial. It is good also hr tender feet and soft corns. When one of 44 father's" busiae* friends drives into the yard at aboutira post eleven the good wife knows tlufü will surely stay to dinner. Father tj a great story-teller, and he likes to get bold of a new auditor. How aptly com«* a frown of dismay and displeasure on Ike smooth, fair face of his helpmeet. Whai can be done? Work is going on accord ing to the day's plan in the kitchen- tte dinner was arranged for none but Iha family; the children are coming htwe from school and making a clatter; all k bustle and confusion. She feels that ffie best dishes must be used, and somethbr extra cooked for the inopportune gussL Now, good woman, don't do it! Task fine dinner, with its attendant irritation and 44 upsetting,'' will taste no belter than what you had prepared. M difference in your plans, hut seat yov visitor with a smile and easy greeting st your hospitable board, and he will fed more comfortable and happy than though you gave him a banquet. You save tem per and trouble, and gain the enjoymest of giving your friend a real cozy time. A sensible person knows that farmer* do not have six .courses upon their tabla daily, and the wholesome, hearty tan, with good nature and hospitable cordial ity, will be tinctured with a sweet, do. mestic sense that is inevitably k>Mia grand dinners. Smiles and neatnesi sis sauce for homely meals.—Golden I frfr . How to Treat Frosted Plaits. ' A whiter in the Inter-Ocean ans; 44 The disastrous effects which taunt plants which have become frozen are sub ject to is generally known to cultivates; but how or why freezing produces the ef fect it does upon plant life is not so «« q jy ascertained; and all attempts hereto&m made by scientific men to solve the ques tion have been at most only partially sag. cessful. In practical experience it is' * that the length of time and the di cold to which plants are them in proportion to the duration sad intensity of these conditions, and tel point, therefore, to the speedy res to rate of a suitable temperature as the fete means of restoring plants that hanqi fortunately been exposed to l'rosts. Bit the thawing out should in all rum In moderately'gradual, and one of tltebml things to ao when plants have becoffi« frozen either in the dwelling, consent tory or open air is to sprinkle the foliam with cold cistern or well water as m* temperature turns to rise. In tiie dwsfr ing or conservatory, howevet, it will bft necessary to start the fire in the stove, ter* nace or flue the first thing of all, to'gin the temperature an ascendency; but Ä should for several hours not be allowed to rise above an ordinary suitable décrit. Some advocate shading the plants from the sun and light for some length df time, buj the policy of so doing has never beta an parent to me, while I have frequently had proofs to the contrary; and the surS rays, striking upon the plants with grad ually-increasing heat, in a great measure aid in their recovery. There is a crest difference in plants as regards their uiii ty to resist cold; and while some by tbs slightest frost will be injured beyond can others will bear various degrees and en* alternate freezing and thawing'igain sad again with impunity. Avoid handling plants in a frozen condition as much is possible, as the injury to them will be heightened should the leaves become beat or be roughly brushed over. To reston flowers that have become frocen place them in cold water until the leaves an thawed out." The First Year of the Century. , " A gentleman born on the 5th of Feb ruary, 1825, which quarter of tiie present century was he bom in?" The Boston Journal elucidates the point thus: "As the year 1800 was the first yea rot tbs Century, 1801 the second, and 1802 the third, and so on, it follows that the year 1824 was the twenty-fifth year of the Cen tury, thus winding up the first quarter rf the century with Dec. 31, 1824." Per contra, was 44 the year 1800 the first of the century »" Suppose the present century to have been the first in the history ofdbe era—then what should we call the yeer corresponding to 1800, as reckoned above? We couldn't call it nothing, and say that a man, for instance, was 44 bora on the 8tk of January, 0." The first year, then, would be the year 1, and the year 2 would be the second year, and the year 25 would be the 25th year, thus winding up the first quarter of the century. Hence the year 100 would be needed to complete the century, and, by the same reasoning— following down the flight ot time—«« year 1800 would be needed to complete the eighteenth century, so that the year 1801 would really be the beginning of this century, and the year 1825 would tall within the first quarter of the century. Here are two sides of this question.— Nett York Express. A little black pepper in some cotton dipped in sweet oil is one of the q nickest remedies known for the earache.