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Established July I, 1859.
VOL. XXXV A Map of Busy Life ; Its Fluctuations and Its Vast Concerns. Subscriotion, $ I .OO a Year, in Advance. BENTON, LOUISIANA, THURSDAY. JULY 9, 1896. NO- 20. MAKING FIREWORKS. BUSY SCENES AT FACTORY ON STATION ISLAND. Most of (lie Employes Are Farmers' Daughters—Turning; Out Fire crackers of All Sizes—Mak • lug; Koinau Candles. P ROAD green fields ; pretty girls who move as though no civic censors had told them that dress reform was too new ; bright faced boys who work with the enthusiam of delight ; onlj r a few men, whose countenances, be grimed, it is true, yet quite content with the deeds they havo to do, and yet heroes in a minor key, for they work faco to face with a possibility that their next breath may be taken half in this world and half as a sigh for the next. It is a modern Arcadia, 6et between the hills of Staten Island, and named Graniteville, yet why no man has yet known, for there is no granite nearer than the Army Build ing that runs up its facade in White hall street. All this blissful abode of labor is simply a fireworks factory and the Arcadians are its willing "hands." Here it is that 300 persons, mostly farmers' daughters, work from July 11 to July 3, from one year to the next, making colored fires and rockets and Roman candles and those mysterious things known as "set pieces," which go off, it is true, according to pro gramme, but which need a guide and spokesman mo-.t times to tell what they are all about. And talk about Chinese labor! Well, these energetic H È T TS3a ru : » % nÜ| C/) X. GIRLS PACKING THE FIREWORKS FOR MARKET. 2. SETTING THE TORPEDO PAPER. 3. PUTTING THE FULMINATE ON TORPEDOES. Americans work so systematically for 357 days of the year, barring Sundays, that their employers are able to sell nearly 20,000 gross of fireworks at less than one-half cent each, and are still able to make a profit of twenty-five per cent, on their output. In this broad plain of Graniteville, bound in with a fence over which even a baseball crank cannot hope to look, is a succession of frame buildings, be fore each of which stands a bucket filled with water. The buildings are separated so that if the contents of one of them go up to join the elements of air and fire, the water may be there to help out the insurance companies. In the midst of these there is a little more pretentious building called the office, and it is here that the Superin tent sits, like Pluto on his throne, master of all these dynamic possibil ities. m h MAKING ROMAN CANDLES. Some of these litttle buildings are numbered and locked. They are the powder magazines. Others are more significant, because in them men and a large number of women are busy filling pasteboord cylinders with ex plosives for July 4. It must not be thought from this that gunpowder is used for these things. Instead of it a mixture is used that is as fine as dust in Broadway. It is explosive, of course, but it burns slowly and does not smash things unless it is confined. Everything from them up to the eight ounce cracker that goes off like a six-inch gun are turned out here. The pasteboard is made into little cylinders and these are then taken to one of the little houses, where boys fix the American fuses, which give lots of warning before they ignite the cracker, so that fingers may remain in tact. These lads plug up one end with »it« of slay and then pour is the ex i plosive, which has the same color as • Uncle Silas's duster, and then ihev are ready for packing. These firecrackers don't have Chinese characters on them. But on each, in plain New York dia P IN THU LABORATORY. lect, is a warning how to hold them and when to let go. You do anything else at your own risk. The Roman candles are made the same way, save that much more care is taken with them. They are packed with hydraulic presses, and the globes of various colored fire which are sent over your lawn or into your sweet heart's window curtains are little cones that resemble yellow and blue clay, which are so sensative to heat that the mere placing of them in the pasteboard cylinder sometimes fires them prematurely by friction. Most of the set pieces and the rock ets are loaded at the outset as the Roman candles are, the system being practically the same. Yet with all the apparent danger the factory has not had an explosion for several years, and insurance companies have confi denco enough to risk $100,000 in policies on the place. One of the most interesting divisions of the work of preparing for the eagle's screech is the torpedo factory. The giant torpedoes are made by hand, for they are very sensative and they re quire quite a lot of fulminate of sil ver, which must be treated with ex treme courtesy. Boys cut the pieces of tissue paper the exact square, by machine, and then force the centre of the square through the holes of a brass rack. Then a lad drops some of the fulminate in the bottom of the lit tle bag there formed, and another boy fills the little paper up with gravel. Then the racks are handed to girls, who brush paste over the tops of the papers and twist them tight into little points so that the gravel cannot fall out. This done they are packed in sawdust, tea in a box, and are ready for you to awake your neighbors. The one really dangerous place at the factory is the laboratory where is made the fumiuate of silver used in the torpedoes and percussion shells and caps of all sorts. Muslin and cheese cloth is used here for tops of tables, covers for boxes and every tbat has to como into contact with the explosive, for just as soon as the sensi tive fulminate encounters resistance away it goes, and so do the four walls about it. Tho ideal laboratory would be made of mosquito netting, but this would let the rain in, and the shock of a drop would make things too lively even for Staten Island.—New York Herald. Sew Way of Making Wire Nails. A contrivance has been patented for making wire nails on a cut-nail ma chine. It is easily attached to a com mo 1 : machine at a cost of less than §15. It consists of an arrangement of d ; 3~ into which the wire is drawn, and the nuil is mado by a quick pressure. While this pressure is in progress, the head and point forming the wire for another nail is shot through to the dies, so that the rapidity of manufac ture is equal to that of the ordinary cut nail. ___ A Marble Tent. The monument of the late Sir Rich ard Burton is a great tent carved oat of marble, under which his body rests in a steel casket. Lady Barton's casket rests beside it. There is one other yet to be put under the tent— that of the erratic couple's most "faithful servant and friend," as Lady Barton called her.—New Orleans i Picyune. LAYING FLUORS. Improved Methods Which Prevail iu Houses of tlie Present Time. Excellent artisans and honest work- ; men as were our forefathers, they j could have learned much from this | careless and commercial generation of 1 the science of floor laying. No other j part of tho house received such con stant and severe use as tho floors and so it is tho veriest truism to say that to noue should more care and atten tion be given. We have ceased alto gether to use the matched hoards of extra width for flooring, except in the very cheapest of houses and tho in crease in expense that comes from tho use of narrow boards is so inconsider able that it should cut no figure with the man who is building a house for himself. Most people find it the part of genuine economy to use the very narrow strips of Georgia pine, hnt if this must bo put aside for the cheaper m 'i&r*f**3r PERSPECTIVE VIEW. woods, the strips should never exceed three inches in width. With prices for material and labor as reasonable as they are present, there are few who cannot afford ite luxury of a finer floor in a few of the rooms. The constant growing popularity of rugs and art squares for the dining room and library has made hardwood floors almost a necessity for these two apartments at least. It is true that the ordinary matched pine floor may be stained and shellacked with good effect, but there is never the satisfac tion that comes from a floor that is meant to be seen. Expensive marquetry floors, beauti ful in themselves, are not required. There are few more satisfactory and attractive floors than those that are well laid in thoroughly seasoned maple. These are reasonable as to first cost, and they are readily kept in good condition. One advantage they have over the beautiful oak floors is that they do not become so glassy smooth. They do not require such a high polish as the oak, and conse quently have less of menace for fragile bones. It is by no means necessary for the best effects that floors of this ! Pining R. 4 iî'xi ii STB Library KltCheri ix'xij.* • 1X16'-+ Pat- lor Hall I X 6xiy 13'X 15 veranda 7'wid e. FIRST FLOOR. kind, in one wood, be laid in elabo rate patterns. One or two strips around the edge of the room for a border, and the rest laid "bias" (as the women have it), is a job that any ordinary ■ enter can manage. Of course, tlu. are those who demand the full marquetry floor, with costly hard woods laid in complicated geometrical patterns. But this forms an entirely separate branch of wood finishing. The accompanying design has the floorB in library and dining-room laid in maple. CIO Bed R. Clo. n>i>A clo Bed Bed IV» qm* «411 Bed R 13 kifc' SECOND FLOOR. General Dimensions: Width, through library and kitchen, 33 ft. 10 ins. ; depth, 46 ft 6 ins., including ▼exanda. ful his it ly Heights of Stories : Cellar," ft. ; first story, 9 ft. 6 in. ; second story, 9 ft. Exterior Materu's: Foundation, stone; first story, clapboards; second story, gables and rcof, shingles. Interior Finish: Two coat plaster, hard white finish. Maple wood floor ing. Trim throughout, N. 0. pine. Staircase, ash. Bath-room and kitch en, wainscoted. Chair-rail in dining room. All interior wood-work grain filled and finished with l',ard oil var nish. ' Colors : All clapboards, medium green. Shingling on walls of second story and gables, oiled. Boof shin gles, stained red. Trim, including water table, corner boards, casings, cornices, bands, veranda columns, rail, etc., dark bottle green. Sashes, white. Veranda floor, dark brown. Veranda ceiling, oiled. Accommodations : The principal rooms and their sizes, closets, etc., are shown by the floor plans. Cellar under whole house. Attic is floored for storage purposes. Open fireplace in sitting-room. Fortable range, sink and boiler in kitchen. Bath-room in second story. Linen closet in second stlbry hall. Two set tubs in kitchen. Sliding door connects hall and parlor. Portiere opening between parlor and library. Largo sized veranda with balcony above. Cost : $4000, not including mantels, range or heater. The estimate is based on New York prices for mater ials and labor. In many sections of the country the "cost should be less. Feasible Modifications : General di mensions, materials and colors may be changed. Cellar may be reduced in size or wholly omitted. Fireplace and part or all of plumbing may be omit ted. Attic may be finished for two rooms. ' Sliding doors may be intro duced between parlor and library. Copyright 1896. MILLION DOLLAR NUGGET. A Gold Miner's Wonderful Find In British Columbia. A prospecting miner returning» wearied and disgusted, from an unsuc cessful season stumbles across a boul* NUGGET OF GOLD WORTH A MILLION. der so rich in gold that in an initant he is a millionaire. It reads like a fairy tale, but it happens to be true. There is satisfactory evidence of the truth of Martin Neilly's wonderful find. It was on Monday, April £w, that Neilly was returning to Rossland, British Columbia, after an unsuccess ful prospecting trip in the -Salmon River district. He had reached the Columbia River at a point about.-six miles north of Trail Landing, B. C., at about noon, and, selecting a site on the bank of the stream at the foèt of Lookout Mountain, sat down to eat his dinner. As be munched his hum ble food he noticed a large boulder, half buried in tho sand in a dry por tion of tho river bed, not tar from where he sat. When he had finished Ijjs meal, he walked over to the boulder, examining it in a casual manner, and then, as his experienced eye detected signs of Jthe precious metal for which he had vain ly sought for months, he attacked the great gray mass with his pick, work ing with feverish energy. Ho almost swooned when a fragment of the rock came away, showing distinctly tho traces of gold and copper. "I am rich!" he shouted. Then he proceeded to take specimens of the ore from a dozen places on the boul der, staked out his claim, harried into Eossland, arriving late in the after noon, and recorded the claim. The next day he had his specimens assayed by different experts, who found that the ore ran in value all the way from $43 to $58 to the ton. When he told of his'great fortune, thero was a wild rush to the place. A surveyor accompanied Neilly to his bonanza, and after making measure ments, declared that the boulder weighed approximately 20,000 tons, and that, in round numbers, it will prove to be worth $1,000,000. The minors argue that there must be more gold where this came from, and the mountain side clear above the timber line is being rapidly staked off, and miners are flocking to the dis trict from distant points, confident that the story of Cripple Creek is to be repeated. Neilly was originally au Ohioan. He has been prospecting for twenty years, but never "struok it rich" before. Costly Jewels in a Crown. It would not be surprising if the head of the Duchess ol Nafera should be uneasy while wearing a crown which she has recently ordered. It contains 2530 diamonds, two dozen of which are of large size and one of which is worth a fortune. It cost $50,000, is of artistic design and ol most beau* tiful workmanship« CLOTHES FOR TOTS. NEW AND BECOMING GARMENTS FOR LITTLE CHILDREN \ Guimpe Dress of Dotted Swiss — Kilt, and Blouse Suit for a Roy—Little Girl's Apron, ¥ AY MANTON says that dotted Swing made the very simple and pretty guimpe dress pictured iu the first large cut, frills of the fine lawn, embroidered, headed by inser tion, forming the attractive trimming. A wido hem headed by three tucks fashionably finish the straight lower square-yoke that is shaped in round, low outline at the neck. The yoke is entirely concealed by the bertha-like lapelß, that are edged with frills of etn j I ■V <Æ1 & $ ft i CHILD'S GUIMPE 1 broidery and meet over the shoulders. The short puff sleeves are arranged over fitted linings that reaoh to the elbow, deep frills of embroidery falling below, headed with bands of insertion. All soft-sheer fabrics will develop daintily by the mode, which offers pretty suggestions for dresses of Bilk, woolen or cotton fabrics. The quantity of material 44 inches wide required to make this dress for a child six years of age is 2$ yards. BOY 8 KILT AND BLOUSE. The coming suit for small boys pic tured in the second large engraving consists of a kilt-plaited skirt of white pique and a pretty blouse of white nainsook. The comfortable blouse is handsomely trimmed with insertion and embroidered edging that is gath ered in frills and trims the collar, cuffs and right front edge. Three tiny tucks are stitched in each front at sufficient distance from the closing in center to show beyond the frills of embroidery that are sewed on each ^OjT « P EC BOYS' KILT AND BLOUSE. side of the band of insertion. The large sailor color falls deeply on back and front, flaring slightly in center, and a Windsor tie of yellow silk is worn at the neok. The kilt skirt is hemmed on the lower edge and laid at side plaits at the top all around. It is finished with a waistband that is provided with button holes to attach it to the buttons on the under waist. Suits of this kiud caa be made from I plain, stripped or checked gingham, galatea, duck or grass linen, a com bination of two materials having a very stylish effect. The quantity of material 36 inches wide required to make this suit for a child four years of age is 3 yards. RELTS FOR DAILY USE. Wide belts,%threo and four inches, made of elastic and covered with silk j are in good style for small waists. It was inevitable that the narrow I belt should divide popularity with wider one, which would conceal the joining of the waist and skirt. White kid, in inch widths, is seen often with shiit waists, and so is this width in all hues of leather—reds, grays, blues, greens, blacks, browns. But that awful gap is more likely to appear when the waist-band in narrow. Some shops are offering pretty belts made from fine felt. They are two and a half inches wide, and may be depended upon, if the skirt and waist are hooked, to give a tidy appearance. Most of the buckles sold with these felt belts, as with those of heavy gros* grain ribbon, are jeweled. A LITTLE GIRL S APRON. This dressy apron, writes May Man ton, is made of fine white lawn, pret tily trimmed with Hamburg em broidered edging and insertion. The low, square-shaped yoke is joined in shoulder seams and forms the upper portion, the full skirt being gathe red at the top and joined to its lower edge. A band of insertion edges the top of yoke and forms a heading to the frill of embroidery. Full sleeves are gathered at the top and sewed in the arm's eye, the edge being decorated to match yoke. The apron dotes in centre back with buttons and button holes, wido sash ends being attached to the sides at the waist line and tied in a bow with long ends at the back. Aprons in this style are dainty look ing and quite protective. They can be made up and plainly finiehed, or elaborately decorated with lace or em broidery. Cro38-barred muslin, main sook, cambric, dotted Swiss, dimity or I organdie are usually chosen for it de velopment. The quantity of material 36 inches wide required to make this apron for a child eight years of age is 2} yards*