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Establi&hed July I, 1859. ^ Weekly Newspaper for the Common People—Untrammeled, Progressive, Conservative. Subscription, $1.50 per Year. FIFTY-SIXTH YEAR. BENTON, BOSSIER PARISH, LOUISIANA, THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1917. Make Your Dollars Count Big Feature Added to the y Shreveport Drug Company n ; Premiums Valued at From 25 Cents to $500 y to Be Given Absolutely Free to Our Customers n-- ■ = Profit-sharing coupons given with every cash purchase, in the store or by mail. Allow us to help furnish your home and supply you with the most useful articles obtainable, without additional cost to you. Begin to-day to save your coupons and certificates and in a very short time you will possess a sufficient number to entitle you to one or more of our valuable premiums. Write for our catalogue illustrating over 1000 premiums, all guaranteed. «SS®! ® Why Don't You © Advertise? © Advertise for what you wish to buy and thus find the bargains. Advertise what you wish to sell and take your pick from the buyers who respond. gTT A space this size *4] in the Banner if taken by the month © would cost you only § 50 Cents per Week SSS®®®®®®! [I 0. SHUMAN 1 I • ...General j Blacksmith Benton, Louisiana j I I make a specialty of overhaul- j I ing gins — putting the entire t i plant in first-class condition. : ; Grinding Only i on Saturdays 'Ll : f f Ice • Stationery Yours should bear some stamp of Individuality. It not that, then It should at least bear the mark of painstaking and skillful workman ship. We print to please, and the most modem fixtures known to the craft enable us to achieve that end. Let us have that next order. i CASTLE PRINTING CO. 1 519-21 Spring Street Shreveport florsheimI Brothers Dry Goods Co. \ ______. .'...JU— IL i WHOLESALE j Dry Goods I Notions, Furnishing Goods j 510-12-14-16 Commerce Street , : SHREVEPORT, LA. 1 j When Dealing in Real Estate ; \ Demand ; an Abstract of Title i BOSSIER ABSTRACT COMPANY ' Sam W. Mason, Prea. J Commercial Bank Building j Slux-vt port. La. Both 'phones, 199 H. BODENHEIMER & SONS Fira, Casualty, Tornado, Insurance Surety Bonds—Best Companies Shreveport, La. S Send Mail Orders to $ ! 6. 6, WILLIAMS PRfflTDie CO. i G. G. WILLIAMS, Manager SHREVEPORT, LOUISIANA c«!9O9?eeaaaae«aaaaMaaaaaoaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa0éaaaaaaaaaa Advertise and Let the World Know Tour Business Has Mot Stagnated TIME AND THE CLOCKS. Curious Contradictions That Spring From Our Present Methods. Tbe paradox of time, reckoned ns wv have come into the habit of reckoning It, by which a cablegram thaï leave.' England at noon is received instautl.' in India at 5:30 p. m. and in New York at 7 a. m.. lias long since been dl.« carded by astronomers and mariners To these tbe time Is always Green wicb time, and it is on Greenwich tJun that tbe wireless signals of all tin world are based since tbe Interna tional time conference which met in Paris in 1012 declared ibat "the uni versai time shall be that of Greenwich " Tbe Scientific American analyzes tin paradox and prophesies that the day will come when all the world will have but one standard time. We should then abandon our time zones, with their strangely Irregular boundaries based niton the exigencies of railroad systems and political frontiers and the "curious fiction of the international date line could he given up." "It would gt first, seem strange to the New Yorker to begin work at 4 a. m instead of 0 a. m. and dine at 2 p. tn Instead of 7 p. m.," says the Scientific American, "hut as these changes would be merely nominal and involve no dis location of his habits with respect to daylight and darkness he would Boon become accustomed to them." As things are now we are so familiar with such contradictions as receiving a telegram four or five hours earlier than it was sent and finding It 7 o'clock on one side of a street when It is 8 o'clock on the other that they do not strike us as strange. Yet now Is always and everywhere now, no matter what we may call It When it is now in New York It is now in Calcutta and in Lon don. "Call It what you like, the time remains identical." •We have inherited our ideas of time from ancestors whose only clock was the sun and who divided tbe day Into twelve hours between sunrise and sun set. In summer these were very lonj: hours and In winter very short How perplexed a Greek or Roman borologist w.ould have been near one of the poles where his "hours" would have been as long as many modern days! With clocks numbered from 1 to 24 we could abolish "a. m'' and "p. m.." as several countries have already done. "Noon" at any place would be when the sun was at the meridian, and it would not mat ter in the least what clock time coin cided with It Today In the United States the only places at which noon and 12 o'clock exactly coincide are those precisely on the meridian. For example, when it is "noon" in Florida It is ! p. m. just across the border In Georgia and when it is "noon" in Geor gia it is only 11a. m. In Florida. Slmi lar conditions exist in many places Fooled His Subjects. King Erricus of Sweden publicly con fessed that he was a sorcerer and ma gician. He was the owner of an en chanted cap, which he pretended en abled him to control tbe spirits and change the direction of the winds at pleasure. So firmly did- his subjects believe in the supernatural powers of their ruler that when a storm arose they would exclaim. "Ah, the king Is again wearing the magic cap!" What Shs Misses. "I suppose you miss your husband terribly ?" "No; 1 can't say that I do. I was a golf widow for years bofore lie died, but it does seem strange not to have him phone that he is going to be late for dinner.''—Detroit Free Press. Porto Rico's Sarsaparilla. » Sarsaparilla grows all over the island of Porto Rico. It is in common use. and "jibaros" peddling it In small bun dies are to he seen constantly ft is used all over the island for medicinal purposes, brewed In rhe form of vnrt oils teas and other decoctions and also steciied in rum. : The Hyphen : Gent 5 Tenderfoot Bolds Bis Own * î In a Border Camp • - : • By WILLET STOCKARD I • - e • Copyright by Frank A. Munsey Co. • • \ : •••••••••••**••••••••••••« A few weeks prior there had been a lynching at Rio, but It developed afterward that the victim was Inno cent of the charge against him, so the lynching did not count. And, leaving that aside, there had not been a killing In Rio for months. There had not been even a shooting affray in» weeks. Rio was deploraoly dull at the time. Big Kelley sat upon the bench in front of the Rabid Pup saloon talk ing to a red headed individual called Murderous Mike—a name that hail been given him in Jest, for he had killed only -one man in his life. The stage pulled in and stopped be fore the postoffice a few doors away, and one passenger alighted. He wore chaps such as had never before been. seen In that part of the country, à blue shirt that was brand new, a bright new bandanna tied about bis neck and a big hat, around which, lh place of the customary band of leather, there was a roll made of rattlesnake skin. "An* is it a chromo or fashion plate or something, ;*I wonder?" remarked Kelley, eyeing , the newcomer gravely. The man they were watching went uronnd to the rear of the stage, walk ing in the stiff manner of one who has ridden hard without being accustomed to the saddle, and untied the rope to which was attached a horse. The stranger rode off down the street toward Rio's only hotel, rising in his saddle with every motion of the horse In a fashion unfamiliar to the west "If that's allowed to stay in this here town I'm cussed if .I'll live here any longer," Mike announced. "Let's go around to the hotel and see about him." They slouched down the street, en tered the hotel and examined the reg ister, which was a narrow paged ac count book. "Reginald McC. DePuy-Howard.' Kelley read to the other. They returned to the Rabid Pup. - A few hours later the stranger him self appeared at the Pup, still clad in his ultra western garments, and called for a drink. "Step up, gentlemen, and have a lit tle drink on me.'' he said to the oth ers. True to form, no one in the place re fused. He chatted with a few of them for awhile and returned to the hotel, leaving them to discuss the first stran ger that had appeared in town for a week or two. Owing to his name, he was promptly dubbed the Hyphen Gent. At the end of the second day he In formed Shorty, tbe proprietor, clerk » "DO TOD DINT THAT THK WATCH WAS FOUND IN TOUR POSSESSION'''" and substitute waiter at the hotel, that he Intended to leave upon the follow ing morning. An hour or two later Tom Conner rushed into the Rabid Pup with the story that his house had been burglar ized and his new watch stolen. Every body knew of the watch. Conner had returned from Denver with it He was greatly upset by the loss and ready to accuse almost any one. But • aimer minds took up the matter. Hawkins, who owned tbe Rabid Pup; Doc Summers, who owed the same place; Shorty and the few others who took leading parts In promoting law and oilier in Rio. immediately made a mental Inventory of the men in town who could have committed the crime. There were some half a dozen char niters there at the time, any one of whom was not above committing deeds of almost any kind. And of the entire number Conner himself was about the most disreputable. There was only one person left in town for suspicion to lie placed upon He waa the tenderfoot, the Hyphen Gent. Doc and Hawkins strolled around to the hotel and found him. "What time you'got?" asked Doc carelessly. The other drew forth the watch, which both Doc and Hawkins recog nized at once. "Come go on around to tbe saloon with us." Hawklus invited. The tenderfoot readily accompanied them. They entered the saloon, passed through it and went on into a side room, which was used as a pool parlor The room was filled with practically every man ln Rio. After entering Hawkins shut the door and locked It. while the prisoner looked about him uneasily. "This Is your watch, ain't it. Con ner?" Doc demanded, drawing it from the tenderfoot's pocket There was no question about it A dozen of those present spoke up to identify It. The prisoner looked from one to another, as if uncertain of what to expect next. "Court is now in session," announced Hawkins, seating himself upon a chair behind the billiard table. Hawkins, who had been accepted as judge, began the proceedings In an or derly manner. He designated the Doc as prosecuting attorney and appointed counsel for the prisoner. First there were introduced charac ter witnesses. Shorty, who was ex cused as foreman of the jury long enough to testify, stated that tbe pris oner had come into the hotel, register ed as "Reginald McC. DePuy-Howard" 'and ordered a room with a bath. After Shorty had been dismissed and returned to his place among the Jury men a roomer at the hotel was called to the stand. He testified that be had gone into the stranger's room the night before to borrow a cigarette paper and that he found the other preparing to go to bed. Tlie prisoner—so the witness swore—was attired in a pair of bluo pajamas. After other damaging testimony tbe prisoner himself was allowed to take the stand. He conducted himself In a self possessed, even smiling manner. It seemed that he regarded the whole affair as a kind of mock court The doc walked up and down the narrow space In front of the witness chair, his hands stuck deep down into his pockets in the manner of a famous district attorney he had seen while on a visit to the eastern part of the coun try. Finally he stopped before the pris oner and assumed even a more threat ening manner. "Do you deny that the watch was found in your possession?" The prisoner shook his head. "And you have heard the testimony of Conner and the others who have identified the property as belonging to Conner.'' continued the doc. "You have also heard Heavy Taylor testify that you talked to him about Conner only a few hours before the time of the roblicry and that you asked him where Conner lived. Do yon deny the conversation V Again the prisoner shook'his head. "Give the court your account of how you came In possession of the you came possession watch." "Well," the prisoner began. "I left the hotel about twilight and went for a walk around town. 1 passed along Xhe road where Conner lives and saw him come out of the house and stoop and put the key he'd locked the door with under the front steps. I waited about until after he had gone away, and then went on into the ynrd. got the key and entered the place. I went on through his apartments"— "His what?" demanded Hawkins. "I went on through his rooms until X came to one that I found the watch In. It was lying on the chiffonier." Hawkins hanged his fist upon the table before him. "I fine you $10 for contempt of court," he announced. "That makes tlie second time you've tried to get gay with the court in the last few seconds." "I found the watch," the prisoner repeated, "put it in my pocket and left without disturbing anything else In the room. I came on back to the hotel and was intending to go to bed when you gentlemen found me." "Cm!" murmured the doc reflective ly, slightly taken back by the prison er's frankness. "And what are you doing out here, trying to disguise yourself as a eowpuncher in this clown's makeup, anyway, and where did you come from?" "I came from back east," the other answered, "and I'm on the way to the ranch of a cousin of mine about thir ty miles farther on. I had an attaek of pneumonia this past winter, and I thought I'd just spend a month or two out in this- climate." "And what do you claim Is your business ?" "I haven't any business Just now. I happen to have what money I need." "Oh, you have all the money you want, have you?" the prosecuting at torney put iu. "And so, outside of your Inborn criminal propensities, you didn't have any excuse whatever for taking the watch from Conner's room, eh?" "None at all," responded the pris oner, "except that—it was—my own watch I took from there!" He looked at Conner, who was re garding him with narrowing eyes, an odd look and a sheepish grin coming over his face. "Conner stole the watch out of my room at a hotel in Denver a little while ago." went on the other, "and I have fast been able to track him down. I was in hopes that I'd find him wearing it. so I conld have tlie satisfaction of taking it off of him, but he wasn't, and I went around to bis place and got It. And that's about all. ! . 1 got the watch." The judge and all of the other.i I.> ed alternately at the prisoner a A Conner. Well," said Hawkins after n Judi cious pause, "can you back up your charges with any proof besides just your wool? What evidence can you ■how the court that yon ain't lying?" I can lick any man in here win says I am, if that's proof enough to satisfy you. If you'll take the trou ble to open the watch, though, you can find my name on the inside, an£ you'll find It's the same I registered under before I got the watch back." Hawkins, Doc and Shorty held a short consultation, after which Haw kins opened the watch and examined the engraving upon the inside of tha case. "Reginald McCook DePuy-Howard," ue read. "So that's your right name, is it. young feller?" The prisoner seemed a trifle embar rassed, but nodded. We're not responsible for what's given us. you know," he said, "though » L ? & THEN CONNER HAD i AN ENRAGED RUSH, the McCook part is all right—my moth er's family name." There was another brief conference between Hawkins and the others, and then the former announced: 'There isn't any use wasting this trial altogether, so it will Just proceed as it is, except that we will change places between the plaintiff and the defendant. Mr. Hyphen, you may step nslde and enter a complaint ag'in Tom Conner." 'If it's nil the same to the court, your honor," the late prisoner itegan as he arose, "I won't make any com plaint against him, but if you haven't any objection and some of you fellows will move those chairs out of the way and somebody else will help me get out of these chaps, why. I'd like to at teflid to his case tpyself. say, a little four round affair, with your honor to bring in a verdict at the finish of it." 'We don't fight by rounds out here, stranger," Hawkins informed him. ''fights usually going on to a finish when they once start, but otherwise your proposition is a credit to yon. How long is four rounds by the clock?" "Counting the rests, it's a quarter of an hour." 'It's now ten till 10," Hawkins went on. "At five after 10 I'll caH out. Go ahead!" Once when Mr. Reginald McC. De I'uy-Howard's allowance had been summarily cut off for several months, following the time he had been ex pelled from college, he had supported himself by appearing in preliminary bouts before some of the toughest clubs in his home city. So. although he and Conner were not far from being equally matched in size, it was not much of a fight Aside from the fact that the latter's face was cut in a dozen places, a cauliflower planted upon one ear, .his nose cracked and each eye given the makings of what in pugilistic circles is called n mouse, the encounter was o fairly tame affair. Then Conner made an enraged rush; the other's fist seemed to arise from out of the floor somewhere, landing flush upon the jaw, and one specta tor turned to another and remarked in awe: "It looked just like Conner's head hit the ground before his feet left It. According to promise, Hawkins call ed to the combatants at five minutes after 10, or. rather, he called to one of them. "Wake up, Conner!" he said. "The Hyphen Gent is buying a round of drinks for the crowd." Eagles as Emblems. Americans were not the first people to adopt the eagle as the emblem of a nation. The eagle has been a favorite with many peoples, and his heraldic history goes away back to tbe moraine: time of history. The standard of the eagle was borne by the Persians as fni back ns the time of the battle •»' Cnnnxa, B. C. 40L The Romans car ried gold, silver and Ivory eagles as standards. Charlemagne added the second head to the eagle for his antis, to denote that the empires of Rome and Germany were united during his reign. There seems to have been some thing about the "royal bird'" that al ways commended it to the considéra tion of the makers of national coats of arms. PROFITABLE SOIL CULTURE SECRET OF CORN GROWING. Maintaining a Balance Between Heat, Moisture and Fertility. [Prepared by United States department of agriculture.] The secret of successful corn culture Is to maintain a proper balance of moisture, beat aud fertility. These three factors, together with the nature of the seed, determine yields in all parts of the country. A change in the supply of one may make a change In another advisable. Thus the moisture requirement varies with the amount of heat available. In addition to water and heat, soil fertil ity and seed also must be regarded among the chief essentials. No one of these can be said to be more important than another. Where all are abundant except one—as water, for example— this one becomes the limiting factor, and methods of supplying it become the important meaus of increasing the yield. Corn possesses characteristics which appear to make it adapted to drought conditions and, on the other hand, has qualities which limit its possibilities as a crop for semiarid regions aud call for special adjustments. Iu producing a given weight of feed or dry matter corn uses less water than certain other crops, as oats, clover and alfalfa. It is deep rooted and can if necessary draw water from a depth of five or six feet Iu hot, dry weather the rolling of the blades reduces the loss of water. On the other hand, the heat require ments and peculiar flowering habits of this crop make it less adapted to semi arid regions than other grain or forage crops. Corn makes its entire growth during the season of highest temperature, growing best when the thermometer registers SO to 100 degrees F. It can not grow In early spring or late fall, and its growth is retarded during the summer by cold nights or cool weather. It needs its greatest supply of mois ture during the summer weeks when droughts are most likely and when rains are less effective because of losses from evaporation. Iu other words, • the heat requirement of corn prevents growth at times when mois ture conditions are likely to be most favorable, while lack of moisture fre quently retards growth wheu heat eon ditions are most favorable. The prob lem, therefore, where heat is great and moisture deficient is to store up mois ture, and where moisture is plentiful m m The corn crop here pictured was a failure because the soil moisture became exhausted just when the plants should have begun to form ears. and heat deficient so to handle the soil as to prevent moisture from lessening unduly such heat as may be available In the case of com, which differs iu this respect from i>erfect flowering plants, the setting of seed and the fill ing of the ears are seriously interfered with by summer droughts. Corn has two kinds of flowers—the tassel or pol len bearer and tlie seed forming or silk bearing flowers. The pollen from one falling on the silk of the other is neces sary to the development of grain. Droughty conditions often hasten the shedding of pollen, but delay the ap pearance of silks, with the result that the pollen is mostly wasted. If fertili zation Is prevented in this way no amount of later rain can cause kernels to form or make a good grain yield. The corn crop is sometimes injured by hot winds that do less damage to such crops as alfalfa and the grain sor ghums. The problem here is by the choice of planting time and the selec tion of early maturing or late maturing varieties to bring about the double flowering of the corn at times when drought is least liable to interfere with fertilization. Everything corn gets from the soil is hi liquid form, and the*Cfop cannot grow unless the soil contains moisture to spare. Irrigating Upland. Where uplands near and overlooking lowlands are irrigated provision should be made for subdrainage or the filter ing of the drainage, as the salts in the upland soils will be carried to the low lands and damage them for agricul ture. This has shown quite clearly in research work following the drainage from irrigated uplands. GROWING TURKEYS. Abundance of Food and Rocm For Ex ercise Necessary to Success. Every precaution should be taken In turkey raising to obtain strong, vigor ous stock. Do not imagine that size Is the main point of excellence, says a poultry expert, a medium sized gob bler weighing about twenty-five pounds will usually render more satisfactory results than an overheavy specimen. In all fowls remember that size is largely influenced by the female, and the color aud distinguishing character istics by the male. The hens should be well matured, weighing not less than fourteen pounds, intelligent und tame, as distinguished from wild and unduly excitable birds, and of pro nounced constitutional vigor. A safe rule for mating is to have a tom for every four to six hens. Good fertility is reported from matings of a male to every twelve females, but wo are inclined to think this is unusual. On farms where the flocks are yarded It is customary to keep two cocks for every eight or ten hens and to alter nate the males about twice a week, keeping ono penned aloof while the other is with the flock. When turkeys are given unlimited range, which is the most successful method of raising them, they,naturally divide into flocks. It Is said that the real secret of suc cess in rearing turkeys is exercise. When preparing for u successful hatch of turaey eggs it is almost impossible to take too many pre cautions. Only when turkey hens on free range steal their nests can the best results be obtained by a policy of noninterference. Even under such circumstances It 13 usu ally tyoll to take some precaution ary 1 measures. The nest should be found and, if necessary, protected from the weather by a A coop that has at one side an opening suffi ciently large to allow the turkey hen to enter easily. Picture shows a turkey on a stolen nest. They must have an abundance of food, aud to maintain the necessary health to assimilate large quantities of food they must have au abundance of exer cise. This idea is entirely logical. Tur keys are large birds, sciniwild by na ture, possessed of a roving disposition and fully capable of taking care of themselves. To confine them is to im pose a feeling of constraint and worri inent, over which they never cease to fret. To do well turkeys mast have range. Only a few should be attempted in a confined space, and even then they will require painstaking care. Much of the so called "bad luck" in turkey raising, infertility, soft shelled eggs and impaired vigor, is due to im proper feeding. Avoid having the breeding stock too fat. If they have be come so during the winter season en deavor to reduce them to medium flesh Iteforc the mating season. Oats are one of the best feeds during the breeding months, with an occasional feeding of wheat, corn, barley and ground bone. Grit, oyster shells and charcoal should be kept within easy reach of the birds at all times and a plentiful supply of fresh drinking water. Continued Selection For Corn. Corn productiveness may be greatly increased through continued selection. For fourteen seasons this has been studied on a 3,000 acre farm in Ohio with ten acre [dots of coni. On these small plots seed selected from depart ment co-operative improvement have been contrasted with the farm yields of the same variety of corn less rigidly selected and grown tinder identical cul tural conditions. During the first seven year period the fields planted with de partment seed yielded 13.3 bushels (tor acre more than the farm fields, wliilo for the second seven years tlie increase averaged 21.8 bushels fier acre. Tipa on Horticulture. Frank B. Cross of the department of horticulture at Oklahoma A. and M. college, Stillwater, offers the follow ing advice to farmers: Don't buy your fruits and vegetables. Raise 'em. Don't neglect insects and diseases. They are easily controlled by spraying. Don't forget to use fertilizers. They Increase production wonderfully. " Don't prune too much or too little. Use judgment. "An apple a day keeps the doctor away." Bring satisfaction anti good cheer to tbe home and folks by planting flowers und shrubs about the house aud lawn. Plan to live, not to die.