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_THE DONALDSONVILLE CHIEF.
VOLUME 1. DONALDSONVILLE, LA., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1871. NUMBER 8. Office in Crescent Place. Pebliahed Every &eturday .Morning, -AT Donaldsonvlfle, La., -'T LINDEN E. BENTLEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION": One copy, one year ............... One copy, six moat ................. 1 56 Single copies......... ..... ........ 10 Payable. invariabl insadvaunce. ADtERTISING S ATES: [A rare isevea 1Ihes MInion tfpe.] Spe. 1 wk. 1 ani 3 mos. smw yr. I square.... $1 ;3 5 $ 00$1500 2 squam.. 'g. i O0 SIcolnn.-. 7 13 225 0 46 5000 i column.. 14 25 40 0 Q 70 00 1comlumn... 28 00 40 55 75 100 00 Transient advertisements. 1 per square frat insertion; 75 ets. each subsequent inasertio. Communications may be addressed simply " Caur, Doaaidsnville, La.," or to the edi tor and proprietor personally. Michael Phelan, the noted billiard player and manufacturer of tables up on which to play that interesting game, died at his residence in New York, two weeks ago. The yellow fever is still raging at Vickaburg, Natchez and Vidalia, but the existing cold weather will doubt less put an end to the epidemic,withal the present mortality will be increased. We are always pleased to have our editorial articles copied by our con temporaries, but must insist upon the proper credit being given us. The St. James S, etinel will gease make a note of this. The Madison Journal is compelled to issue only a half sheet since the great fire in Chicago played the deuce with its " Iptent outside" ublishing house. Better print your whole paper at home, Mr. Towne. The New Orleans Patriot says that certain Democrats have "sold ought to H. C. Warmoth." The Patriot ap Iparently bases its orthography upon the same principle as that man did who spelled potatoes "poughteight et.ull." The billingsgate Lafourche Repub lican has " smo ended' publication " in other words, died. W-e know of nothing goodto say of it,.. 4d awe. never speak ill of the dead, we passi the old earmass by without further: comment. The editorials of the It~aida~Go cette are fearfully and wonderfuI punctuated. The Red River 1? speaks of one a colaimn long which in " without punctuation, save comlmas,' and exclaims, "In the name of the whole editorial fraternity, whose fault was it, the pubtisher'saorthe typo's." As we might have expected, the Ni. 4). Patriot declines to sat upon ona suggestion and drop from its list of charges, ggqipz t .Goveragr tJhpi items which have been proven to pox sess no foundation i& trath. The nat ural conclusion we arrive at is that the Patriot has not the least regard for truth or decency. If the Republicans of Missiseipp i fail to carry their State in the coming election, it will not be for the want of good newspapers to advocate their cause. The Leader and Pilot, of Jack son, and the New Souith, of Natchez, are among the best journals on oar exchange list, and they are pouring shot and shell into the ranks of De mocracy that must prove of great ser vice to the Republican canse. Commenting upon the attement of .the Attakapas Register that "The Re publicans of Donaldsonville have no sy.p~athy with the Custom-house ,clique and support the Turner Hall .Conventioq~,t the St. James a ti*ei says: The Republicans of Ascension par ish are in full sympathy with the Re publican party of Louilana with the exception of about a dm oefice lold ers-. You hit the right mail on the head that time, Mr. e ti~al. The dozen offie holdess who form the Customn house clique and attempt to dictate to the Republican party what it mast and mast not do, can look for no synm pathy from the RepublI~ana of this parish. S.peech of Senator Pinchback. We copy from the Columbia (South Carolina) Uaion of the 23rd inst., the following report of a speech delivered :by Senator Pinchbaek in the aouthern Colored Convention in session at Co lumbia: The convention proceeded to discuse the resolution pledging the support ol the convention to the Republican par ty. Mr.Piuchback, of Louisiana, hav ing the floor, introducdd the following preamble and resolution : WHEREAS, President Grant has pro v-en himself to be the greatest military chieftain of the age, and has adminis tered the affairs of the government with abilities unsurpassed by any Presideat who.has filled the executive rhair; and wheras,. his recognitiop of the colored people ia the .disWilp.ataC fif ederal pat.nage aes the crowaing `ot in our elevation to American citi senship4 therefore, be it Beo~voed2 That we heartily indoree his administration, and believe that -under his leadership, with judicious management, the Republican party can be led to a glorious victory in 187i2. To this Mr, Pinchback spoke as fol lows : Mr. Presidept---I have seen mani fested a disposition ever since we met, by nearly every member, to introduce some resolution having special refer enee to the national administration, and especialty to President Grant. I watched the course of these gentlemen very carefully, and ft seems that they wish to arrogate to themselves alone the right to be regarded as Grant men. So fearful are these gentlemen that somebody else will be regarded- as Grant men, that if a man dares to raise his voice'here, even against pil ing up resolution on top of resolution before the convention, looking to the indorsement of the administration, that they charge him with being luke warm or a non-supporter of that ad ministration. Now, sir, when I first came to this city, the night before the convention asaembled, it was basely circulated about here that I was against Grant. The object of this ru mor I have been unable to understand, especially when iti dame from men whom I regard as my personal ab well as political friends, and especially when I know that it came from men who can have no doubt about my po litical status, and especially, again, when it came from men who would have been branded before this whole country as liars, if it had not been feon my interventiom. I could very well understand '~wy the last resolution preceding this was introduced. I was opposed to, and it was well understood and a general desire ex ipessed that no local or political mat ters should be brought into this con vention. We do not assemble here for settling State differences. We meet here to consult the interests of the colored _pe-Ip of the Southern States, in what ever direction those interests might pomint libt.I had searel- got here befo&-I f.undgentlemen trung to undermine what ittle populty or infuenoe I did possees, by circulating reports that I was against the administration. What was the next thing? Here comes a gentleman with a resolution indorsing the Republican party; an other comes indorsing General Grant; then another on the mame subject, and With these fsete before as it would seem-that the convention should act carfully. What I complain of is this piling it on. I want to ask whether there has been brought before this convention a single, solitary resolu tion that looks to a stronger indorse ment of General Grant than the one I have introduced? It is true I have not gone over one of those terrific Fourth of July ora tions; have not exhausted the vocab ulary of grand expressions; but I have in this resolutioaembodied the kernel of all that may be said in honor of the President of the United States. Let me ask2 if I was not a Grant man, what evidence is necessary to prove that one is a Grant man. If I propose to toss my hat higher than any one else at every mention of his name, would that be evidence that I am a Grant man.l I opine not; but while I say that this is no evidence that I am a Grant man, I propose to show what I consider to be evidence of my friendship for his excellency and the administration. From the first time my name was mentioned in connection with Repub lican principles I have been an un swerving advocate of his. At no time or place have I faied to do the very tullest homage to him. At no time or place- have I failed to pay him the fighest eulogies I could command. I have extolled that act of his in which he recognized the impartial distribu tion of federal patronage, as his crown ing act. It was the cap sheaf, the acme. I had the distinguished honor to represent my State in part is the na tional convention which nominated him for the position he now occupies. Not only did I do that, but I threw in whatever I had in his elevation to the Presidential chair. Not only that, but more recently ayself and other gen tlemnen met and formed a corporation, and started a paper. I now own fou sixths of that paper, the other gentle men having sold their interests, and am now running it at heavy cost, and nailed at the masthead as our choice for President in 1872 is the name of Ulysses $S }ant, I have expended my money, a in willing to do so, and am rum n organ at my own expense, by ie face of all this, men have tl 'i hood and unparalleled audai .s sert here that I am against C It seems to me they must have n in the company of his distingui , bu ther-in-law in Louisiana, of ..hom I am told the first thing he says when he meets a gentleman is "Are you against Grant?" No, sir; I am not against Grant. If the country through this convention wishes to know where I stand, I will tell them I am not against Grant. If the Republican party thinks that un der his leadersjip it can secure a vic tory in 1872, by allmeans take him up. -But while I am thus uncompromis ing in favor of Giant, I am so inde pendent as a citizen as to say that whenever General Grant does that which I think is wrong, or an injury to republicanism, I will offex my pro test and oppositionat it, whatever or wherever it may be. When I see sev eral States of ours passing out of the hands of the Republican party, through the iniuditious distribution of public patronage, it becomes my duty as well as that of all other Republicans, to do our best tgainst it. The great State of Missouri has passed out of our hands from this cause. The State of Tennessee L.s been lost from the samh cause. Texas has gone almost over-, whelmingly fir the opposition froul this self-same cause. Alabama has, I hear, hopelessly gone froi. the same cause. North Carolina, I hear, can be added to the number. How mai more will be added ¶ I say whether it bIe General Grant or anybody else, if then acts tend td disrupt the Republican party, or to put this government ii tLe hands of our sworn enemies, it becomes out. solemn duty, an# the duty of every Republican, to enter a protes,, against any such action. From the time I enterei the politi cal arena down to this day, : have discharged the duties of a Repubhean according to the dictates of my con science. No reward has ever swerved me even so much as a hair. Principle has been my star; has been my hope from the connmencement down to the present time ; and when I prove false to that principle, or the principles of the Republican party, may I sink so deep in the grave of political oblivion that no time shall ever help me to a resurrection. The Union goes on to say: Mr. Pinchback, the chairman of the committee on civil rights, reported. extending into the eveing session. The principal points made were that generally the law was quite ample but the colored people were to blame for not seeing it properly enforced. Also, it was offered as an excuse by Price, of North Carolina, that the race was so poor in his State that they were un able to seek redress through the prop er courts, even if they would grant it. The subject was thoroughly discus sed by Messrs. Pinchback, of Louisi ana, Price, of North Carolina, and Belcher, of Georgia. The report, as it was,then adopted, ules the passage of the supplementary civil right; bill, an proposee by Hon. Charles Smniner. The Famine In Persia. Later aeeounts from Persia repee sent the devastations from the famine to be more widely spread and le structive than ever. At Mesched; a town of 120,000 inhabitants, 80,000 have fled for their lives, and the feeble remainder have been carried into captivity by Afghan banditti. Mean while thie shab, after the fashion of the eastern rulers, has wholly disre garded the sufferings of his subjects, and ruthlessly left them to the wretch edness and death which his own inca pacity has brought upon them. While his people have been dying by thou sands under pestilence andfamine, his, royal Majesty has been taking his usual hunting expeditions, and lived as richly and recklessly as ever. A mob of several thousand starving men and women, who assembled before his palace gates, conducting themselves m a very riotous manner, and coup ling his name with opprobrious and disrespectful epithets, awoke that wor thy magistrate to a realizing sense of the situation. He therefore issued an edict that bread should be sold at a certain tixed price, but as there was io bread to be had at any price this was not wholly satisfactory. After this he imprisoned the vizier of the town and the bakers baked in their own ovens. And still his people are not happy A New York exchange relates the following : Mr. W. D. Bancker has brought from Chicago a curious memorial of the great fire. Among the ruins of the Western News Company's establish ment, where an innmmense stock of peiiedicals and books was reduced to ashes, there was found a single leaf of a quarto Bible, charred around the edges. It contained the first chapter of the Lamentations of Jeremiah, which opens with the following words: " How doth the cjty sit solitary that was full of people ! how is she become as a widow! she tha& was great among the nations and princess among the provinces, how is she become tri butary ! She weepeth sore in the night, and her tears are on her cheeks; among all her levers she hath none to comfort her." And that was the only fagment of literature saved from the News Company's great depot. The New Orleans Matter. The Detroit Advertiser a*d Tribune, one of the most influential journals in the Northwest, says: We have been called upon by a for mer resident of this State and an alumnus of our University, but now a leading attorney at New Orleans, and one of the members of the com mittee recently sent to Long Branch to formally protest to the President against the course pursued by sundry United States officials at the Republi can Convention of Louisiana, which was held at New Orleans during the summer. We have already published a statement of the facts in regard to this matter as given by eye-witnesses, and have expressed our thorough con demnation of the government officials, and our earnest conviction that it is the duty of the administration to not merely disavow all responsibility therefor, but to properly panish the men who were thus guilty of an out rageous misuse of their official powers. From documents furnished us by our informant, we give the following suc cinct statement of the grievances of the Louisiana Republicans who refused to participate in the so-called Custom house Convention; First-That President Grant's fed eral appointees in Louisiana called a State convention in the Custom-house without reason, against law, contrary to decency, and to the great scandal of United States authority. Second-That they barred and lock ed the Custom-house against the pub lic, and against the legitimate business to which it is appropriated by law, for one entire day. Third-That they filled it with a crowd of deputy United States mar shals, armed with loaded revolvers. Fourth--Tbh; t they called out and stationed in the rotundaof the Custom house two companies ef United States troops, with bayonets, in such a man ner as wo brxnicade, against all comers, the ertrancf to the United States court-room, where the convention was summoned. Fifth- -That their own retainers, and the contestants whom theyhad en gaged in their own interest to contest the seats of delegates, were admitted a. an early hour to theCustom-house, and were closeted in a secret caucus, in a ;room adjoining the court-room, and communicating with it by an in side door, while the other delegates, a majority of the convention, wereforci bly detained on the sidewalk, outside of the Custom-house, by locks and bars, United States matshals and Uni ted States troops. -SiT-That thMe. UnitedStaten- - fcials made a roll of the convention, and assumed to decide who were del egates and who were not, who should be admitted to the floor of the conven tion and who should not, who should vote in a temporary organization and who should not. That the real use of the armed mar shals was to arrest any delegates who should demur to this arrangement and assert their tights. Of the United States troops to back the Uidted States marshals in the ex ercise of this power. Custom-house was to have a building in which the United Statesn Marshal should have the required jurisdiction. Seventh-That a United States mili tary officer interrupted Governor War moth, a delegate to.the Convention, in a speech to his brother delegates, by insanting coniments and by command ing him to desist, and that thik was a high-handed intervention by the mili tary of the United.tates in the affairs of apolitical meeting, which 14 unpre cedented, dangerous, and not to be tolerated, and which calls for prompt disavowal and rebuke by the Presi dent. Eighth-That these usurpations of federal authority and these outrages upon the right of public assemblage, were met in a firm but peaceful and dignified manner by the adjournment of a large majority of the delegates in a body, upon the motion of Governor Warmoth, to Turner Hall, where the convention was held. Ninth-That, upon reflection, so disconcerted and dismayed were the small band of Custom-house con spirators and their retainers at the consequence of their lawless acts, that they did not venture to take eN en a recess, or to trust their own members outside of the walls of the Custom hou.a, lest they should be deserted altogether, but after a short session of two o.l three hours they dispersed, without an attempt to assemble again, or even to hold a public meeting to ratify or sanction their proceedings. Tenth-That on the other hand the convention at Turier Hall held a spirited but harmbniiuMsession of two days, crowded by the people, passed resolutions condemning the course of the federal officials, and appointed a committee tovait upon the President and in the name of the Bepublicans of Louisiana demand their removal; all of which proceedings were ratified by an immense public massmeeting, held immediately after the convention. Eleventil-That these acteof Messrs. Casey, Packard) Lowell and Joibert have caused a division in the Repub lican party of Louisiana hitherto a unit, between the mass of the party acting with the State administration and the adherents of the Custom-house office holders; have rendered the suc cess of the Republican party in the State, hitherto certain, doubtful; have outraged the sense of propriety and d'cency of the whole people; have attatced the right- of every citizen in the land to free speech and public as semblage; have aroused the popular indignation throughout the country; have damaged the national adminis tration; have wronged and injured the whole Republican party, and have forfeited the oonaldenee of the-people. min the official integrity and the politi cal fidelity of these men. Twelfth-That as these outrages were committed by the appointees of President Grant, and in his nsae.and ostensibly (see their resolutions) for his political advancement, he, as prin cipal, is responsible for the acts of his agents until he disavows them, andre vokes their powers by theis removal. We only desire to add that our own investigations have convinced is of substantial asuracy of the foregoing statemetts, and lead ~a tp reiterate our opinion that the nmatter is oue which the administratidi hhbuld, for its own-sake and for the eake of the Republican paerty at large, interfere to punish its unworthy servants. The Coored ConveatioL. We copy the following from the New Orleans 8emi- Weekly Louisi anian : This gathering of Representative Colored men from the Southern States, to effect "a more .practical under standing and mutual co-opdration, and to the end thata more thorough union of effort, action, and organization may exist," have held a protracted meeting in Columbia, South Carolina, and ranged over the expensive field of questions, most materially affecting the cdlored race in this country, and they have said and done such things as in their judgment a.e best calcu lated to promote more directly the in terests they assembled to advocate. The magnanimnity, patriotism and intelligent loyalty which characterized their proceedings cannot but impress the unprj.udiced reader with admira tion, if not respect for a class of citi zens who have been so long and so ruthlessly regarded, by many, as the "offscouring" of America. Their catalogue of wrongs is a grie vous one, and the exceedingly tardy, imperfect, ahd half hearted measures which have been generally adopted for their relie, and habilitation are well calrlated to stir their nature to its profouidest depth. Yet in the discussions over them, in their address, in their speeches, and in their resoln tions we find no bitterness, no acri mony, nothing but open,manly, truth ful statements of thi' wrongs and honest dignigaefe 9esap. SAnd notwi ' theý tering of. Demnnc.ramt. ta hom, u viously - republican utterances, and especially " negro s claims for civil and political equality are exceeding ly distateful, the Convention will not fail of fitvorably impressing the peo ple and the government of the United States. The Daily Union summarizes the work of the Convention in these words: "The Convention adjourned yes terday sinbdie. The principal work accomplished has already gone forth to the world in the admirable address adopted during the early sitting of the Convention." If nomore had been done than this, the' Convention might well be proud of its work. It has shown conclusive ly the fallacy of the oft repeated charges of the Demoeratice ress, that the colored men were graspingly am bitious. They have met like men, discussed the questions brought be fore them, sometimes with warmth, and have gone to their homes wiser and perhaps beter men for having conferred toget r. The Convention has met and acjourned, and yet the country is safe. If any Democratic babies were troubled with the night mare of a " war ofraces," we trust they will now be comforted. A Heartless Act. The following incident is vouched for by a ,Washington journal : The circumstances of a most aggra vated and heartless piece of cruelty have just reached us. It-appears that a lady, who had been burned out of house and home daring the recent disastrous fire in Chicago, secured from General Sheridan a pass for her self and two children, from that city to Washington; and started for this city to place herself under the care of friends residing here. Having lost everything by the fire, she was utterly destitute of money, and, consequently, was anxious for her own and chil dren's sake to reach Washington. Her pass was honored by every con ductor on the route, with but one exception. Characteristic of the Bal tinore and Ohio Railread, she was refused conveyance from Baltimore to this city, without purchasing a ticket. Her pass on this road was dishonored, and herself threatened with expulsion from the cars. A humane gentleman who had listened to her story as related to the conductor, had the manliness to advance the funds neces sary for her transportation, and the lady wap therefore enabled to com plete he} journey and arrived in this city yesterday. Her name is Mrs. Evans, and she is nowitopping at the corner of E and Tenth streets, north west, at which place those interested in her story, may have the chance of hearing it verified. The Washington branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, for this piece of cruelty, should be " shown up " by t e press, from one end of the Union to the other. The J.ackna. . givaesthe follow ing hopeful aoruat of the campaign in our neighboring State of Missis sippi : The canvass is progressing very satisfactorily. From all parts of the State we hear the most cheerhng news of the work being performed by our Republican friends. The people turn out in great numbers to hear our speakers, and among them it is noted the increase of the white people who, at last, have become willing to hear Republican doctzpes fro the lips of Repubican teachers, and not from the PMsrepresentatiops of their oppo nents. In many cases, whie men have frankly came forward and as sured our speakers that they perfectly coincided with them in their political views, and if that was Republicanism they were Republicans. They bad been aeeustomed to, bear nothing but abase and misrepresentations of the Republican principles and Republi. cans; but they wean now assured of building up the State in all those things which make a people great. They were in favor of free schools for their children. In favor of immigra tion, enterprise and.c.pital coming to the State, and know that only that sort of policy would reeuscitate the State and place it. on equal footing with other States of the Union. Many evidences of this kind- reach us of the change in political opinion and action going on among the wlhite inhabitants of the State. We may lose a few colored votes-some will be deterred from voting by fear of the Ku-Klux lash and double barrelled shot guns; a few may be deceived into voting the Democratic ticket, not knowing the danger to their own rights which such a step insures; but we are non very much inclined to believe that all those losses to the Republican party will be more than made up by the white votes that will, in the coming election, be cast, for the first time, for the Republican ticket. Our friends we think, have much to encourage them in the work before them. The State is undoubtedly safe for the Re publican eause. The' Amerlcan Idea. We heard a story the other day ox the rise of a little city in the far west which illustrates better than anything else could, the remarkablyprogressive spirit which char aterises Americans over other nationalities, and which in itself is a true index of Americai A party of men and women, weary of great cities and crowded neighbor hoods, went out in April of last year to find a home in the far west. They were near a thousand strong, and just one-fourth were children of a tender age. They crossed the Mississippi and Missouri rivers into Kansas; kept the Indian trail, and chasing the buf falo and blark-taltlddeer, they crossed the unmarked lines into Colotdo, where they pitched their corrals on an open plam. A hiss of. rattlesnakes was heard among the sun-flowers, aAd the prairie dogs were chattering on a hundred little mounds. Near by they saw a huge grey wolf. Some antelopes were browsing in the distance and the sweat bunch grass suggested Buf falo runs and -prowling Cheyeann braves. They liked the spot; unyoked their teams, and ran up hasty sheds for shelter and defence. They called their city Greeley ;ilrMay they pitched their camp, andin June they burt a school. At first the task was rather hard. These settlers came from twenty seven different States. They were strangers to each other, and the school. books they brought along were not the same. To fifty different pupils who were muistered, there were fifty different kinds of books. But they began in earnest with the school; and ere these settlers staked the ground and built their shanties, they surveyed the lands around them-roughly and reserved not only city sites for public schools and eminaries, but cs It des to serve as SaiateaaUe forever Eight classes were at work in a few days, and when the wise men of the Educational Bureau in Washington first heard of this new city in the prai rie, it was not a cry for help, in either money or advice, but simply a report of what these energetic people had done.-Rdoatiosa Reporter. The Ohio Legislature stands as fol lows: Senate, Republicans, 18; Dem ocrats, 18, with a Repubhcan presi dent. House, Reptblicans, 57; Dewi ocrats, 46; giving nine Republican majority on joint ballot, and insuring the election of a Republican United States Senator. The last Legidlature stood thus: Senate, lepubliuans, 19; Dnmocrata, 18. RBese Republicans, 58; Democrats 54. The Legislature elected in 1867 'was Democratic in both-branehes, and elected a Demo eratic United States Senator. These figures show very decided Republican ans in the past four yeas. The Reblicans will have all the votes they will require for sedistrietiag the Statq for meabers of COnaress, and securing almost the entire delegation to their party for the next ten years. This question enteret largely into the canvass, and wassmade an issue by both parties. The LDescrats lost, and they can now do nq better than eat the crumba that fetli ub the Republican table. An exchange wishing to speakof the " lsthetir waa dprised tsee thatthe oiomposdtor made it the " Ist henu,"