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The Donaldsonville chief. (Donaldsonville, La.) 1871-current, December 16, 1871, Image 1

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THE DONALDSONVILLE CHIEF.
OLUM 1 DONAlDSONVILLE, LA., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1871. NUMBER 14.
-XOLUME i. DONALSDSONVILLE, LA., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1871. NUMBER 14.
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Io4).aldsonvill e, L ..
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"Transient advertisements. $1 per square fireit
insertion; 75 eta. each subsequent insertio9<.
Communications may be addressed simpli1
CHIEF, D)onaldsonville, La.," or to the etd
cor and proprietor personally.
A Mississippi journal says: "Snow
canme down Tuesday--came down
froim the North on the top of a freight
train."
The North Mississippian, ,md of the
ablest Republican journals of Missis
sippi, hoists the name of Hon. James
L. Alcorn for next Vice President.
It is right amusing to see a cop
paratively insignificant sheet like t
Brookhaven Citizen, ot Mississippi,
taxing the Louisville Courier-Journrl
with lack of ability.
The latest "tunnigrah " fiomn the
Louisville Courier-Jouraal is thidt
' Grant pinched Warmoth and the
ILouisiana anti-Grant's Warmoth
and the anti-Grant's now Pinchback:'
Governor Campbell, of Wyoming,
has vetoed a bill to abolish woman's
uiuffrage in that territory and tele
graphs to Washington that the requi
site number of votes to pass the bl
over his veto cannot be procured $i
the Legislature.
General Emory the recently ai -
pointed commander of the Depart
muent of the Gulf. has -stablished his 1
tead-quarters at the cor:er of Camt4
and St. Joseph streets, New Orlean ,
and entered upon the discharge of tl>e
Pirties of his new position
A recent article in the Newali
(N. J.) Daily Adrertiser records tla,
wonderful flight of a carrier pigeo'i
from a vessel in the middle of the
Gulf of Mexico wo Montclair, New
Jersey, a distance of 1596 miles, at an
average speed of 202 mi'es per hout.
Stephen Pearl Andrews sugges: a
that " absolutoid and abstracto d
elemen tismus of being echoes rea -
pears by analogy within the relat
and concretoid alaborisms."
We are sure many of our readels
were heretofore ignorant of this inl
portant f;et.
General L. A. Sheldoi, member 4f
Congress from the Second Congre -
sional District of this State, on Tu4
lay of last week introduced into tje
national House of Representativesla
bill to incorporate a company to bui d
levees and a telegraph line on tlhe
Mississippi river, from Cape Giradeaix,
Missouri, to the mouth, and to grant
thema a subsidy of sixteen thousajid
dollars a mile in five per cent. gt d
bonds.
--------4 -
The Louisiana State. Register s
after the New Iberia Statesma# witl a
sharp stick. It says: "Leet his
moved down to Iberia where he has
sta~rted a newspaper called the Statee
man. A casual glance at the sugges
tins of this new organ, added to some
knowledge of their author induces is
to say that a large number. of peolCl
have been sent to the penitentiary Lr
practicing just such statesmanship ..
Leet preaches."
The newspapers opposed to the
State Administration that are arguing
the illegality of the recent extra s*s
sion of the State Senate, will do well
to note that Senator John Ray, the
shining legal light of the Custoca.
house faction, introduced a motion to
go into an election for a President of
the Senate who should be Lieutenant
Governor of the State. We warrant
there would have been none of this
howling about "illegallity" if tbe
opponent of Senator Pinchback ) d
been successful.
The President's Message.
The following is a telegraphic syn
Sopsis of the Message submitted by the
President to Congress, at the begin
ning of its present session;
The President refers to the gen
erally successful execution of the laws,
his policy not being to inquire into
their wisdom, but to leave time to de
velop their intents and wisdom. The
disasters by storm and fire in this
country have developed a friendship
on the part of foreign nations, and do
nors will receive the thanks of men,
women and children whose sufferings
they have relieved. Two countries,
speaking the same language, have
made a treaty-an example to be fol
lowed by other civilized nations, and
which may be the means of returning
to productive industry millions of men
now maintained to settle disputes of
nations by the sword and.bayonet.
Provision is recommended for the
Commission to meet in Geneva, and
legislation is recommended to bring
into practical effect the questions in
the treaity affecting the fisheries and
maritime disputes.
The Governors of New York, Penn
sylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan,
Wisconsin and Illinois are requested
to take part in measures in the treaty
which determines the use of the ca
nals by the United States and Great
Britain.
A true boundary line between the
United States and British North
American possessions is urged. He
recommends the modification of the
tariff and internal revenue laws, the
taxes from internal sources to be abol
ished, except as to liquors 'and tobac
co, and these to be the subject of a
stamp duty. Our relations with foreign
countries are being discussed with
the new relations in Italy.
A commission has been appointed
to adjudicate claims of Americans
against Spain, and hope is expressed
that the commission will be successful.
The visit of Alexis is referred to as
evidence of the continued friendly re
lations with Russia. The inexcusable
conduct of the Russian Minister ren
dered his dismissal a matter of self-re
pect after his personal abuse of the
Government officials, and his persist
ent interference in affairs between this
afnd other countries. His place has
been filled by a gentleman who is not
objectionable to this government.
Our relations with Japan are amic
able, as also with all the 'Eastern
countries. The difficulty with China
is referred to Congress. The Repub
lir of Mexico has not yet repealed the
free zone law, and the hope is express
ed that Mexico will adopt measures
soon to stop the lawlessness on the
border.
Congress is urged to press the claim
for overdue awards of the Venezuela
government for 1866. The relations
with Brazil will be more cordial since
the decree of emancipation by that
country, and regret is expressed that
Spain has not followed in the same
direction in her possessions.
It is to be regretted that the dis
turbed condition of Cuba is a source
of annoyance and anxiety. Our naval
commanders in Cuban waters have
been instructed to spare no effort to
protect the lives and property of
American citizens and maintain the
dignity of our flag.
The national debt has been reduced
eighty-six millions fifty-seven thou
sand one hundred and twenty-six dol
lars during the year, and now the in
terest accrued is nearly seventeen mil
lion dollars less than on the first of
March, 1869; but it is not desirable
that the present resources of the coun
try should continue to be taxed in or
der to continue this rapid payment.
I recommend all taxes for interest
from internal sources be abolished,
except those for spirituous, vinous or
malt liquors ; tobacco, in its various
forms, for stamp duty in readjusting
the tariff; articles not produced at
home are recommended for the free
list, and in case of a further reduction
it should be upon articles which can
best bear it without disturbing home
productions.
The present laws for the collection
of taxes, with small salaries for col
lectors, induce fraud, and should be
remiledied. Under the act of March
3d, 1869, each grade in the staff corps
should be .fixed in order to enable
vacancies to be filled from the same
grade.
The navy is in an efficient condition
without increase or cost of maintain
ing it.
The union of the postal and tele
graph system is recommended.
Education is urged as the ground
work of republican constitutions.
The Ku-Klux laws have been en
forced in a portion of South Carolina,
and the necessity is shown by the
committe to investigate Sourthern out
rages, that the power was exercised
reluctantly; but a careful examina
tion proved the existence of powerful
combiuations to deprive the emanci
pated class of the substantial benefit
of freedom, and of preventing the free
political action of those who did not
sympathize with their views.
In Utah, a remnant of barbarism,
repugnant to civilization, decency and
the laws, still exists. It is not with
the religion or the saint that we deal,
but with their practices. They will
not be permitted to violate the laws
under the cloak of religion. In fu
ture legislation the subject of the
plurality of wives and children must
be considered, and a bill might be
passed to legitimatize all children born
prior to the time fixed in the act.
The Indian policv has resulted fa
vorably, and many tribes have been
induced to settle upon reservations.
The peace policy is recommended be
cause it is right.
The retention of lands for actual
settlers is again recommended.
As six years have clasped since the
close of the war, it may be considered
whether it is not now time the dis
abilities imposed by the Fourtheenth
Amendment should be removed.
When the purity of the ballot is se
cured, majorities are sure to elect of
ficers reflecting the views of the ma
jority.
I do not see the advantage propri
ety of excluding men from office mere
ly because they were before the rebel
lion of standing and character suf
ficient to be elected to positions re
quiring them to take an oath to sup
port the Constitution and admitting
to eligibility those entertaining pre
cisely the same views, but of less
standing in their communities. It
may be said the former violated an
oath while the latter did not have it
in their power to do so. If they had
taken this oath it cannot be doubted
they would have broken it, as did the
former class. If there are any great
criminals distingui4ged above all
others for the part they took in oppo
sition to the Government, they might
in the judgment of Congress be ex
cluded from such an aimfesty.
The condition of the South, is not
such as all patriotic citizens can de
sire. It will be a happy condition of
the country when the old citizens of
these States will take an interest in
public affairs and tolerate this same
freedom of expression and ballot as
those entertaining different convic
tions.
A liberal appropriation is recomend
ed to the District of Columbia, to aid
local improvements. The erection of
public buildings in Chicago is urged.
Laws to protect emigrants are sag
gested.
The Administration has sought to
secure honest officials, and, if any dis
honest ones have appeared, it is the
fault of the system of making appoint
ments.
The civil service reform is endorsed
as calculated to secure the best men.
The work of the present corumis
sioners is expected to produce good
result&. U. S. GRANT.
tunctuation. a
There is great carelessness, if net
ignorance, in the matter of punctur
tion, iwhereby much misunderstanding
arises. Many persons even emulate
theancient writers in leaving.out all
marls or divisions of any kind, like
the barber who wrote over his door:
"What do you think I shave you for
nothing and give you a drink," which
was interpreted by some to imply an
easy shave and a morning tipple to be
got for the asking. Such, however,
was not the meaning of our worthy
topsor, who, on being arraingned be
fore the magistrate for what seemed a
clear case of deception, exelaimed:
" What! do you think I shave you
for nothing and give you a drink I"
Points were filet used by Aristo
phanes, a grammarian of Alexandria,
200 years B. C., but were not general
ly used until the modern system was
introduced at the beginning of the
sixteenth century by a learned printer
of Venice named Manutius. Punctu
ation not only serves to make an
author's meaning plain, but often
saves it from being entirely miscon
ceived. And there are many cases
where a change of points completely
alters the sentiment. The following
anecdote of an English statesman, who
once took advantage of this fact to
free himself from an embarrassing
position, is an amusing illustration :
Having charged an officer of the
government with dishonesty, he was
required by Parliament, under a heavy
penalty, publicly to retract the ac
cusation in the House of Commons.
At the appointed time, he appeared
with a written recantation, which he
read aloud as follows: " I said he was
dishonest, it is true; and I am sorry
for it." This was satisfactory; but
what was the surprise of Parliament
following day to see the retraction
printed in the papers thus: " I said
he was dishonest; is true, and I
am sorry for it." By a simple
transposition of the comma and semi
colon, the ingenious slanderer repre
sented himself to the country, not on
ly as having made no recantation, but
even as having reiterated the charge
in the very face of Parliament.
The Goldea Age says:
We understand that old Mr. Bennett,
the founder of the New York Herald,
has so greatly failed in health and
strength that he now takes almost no
interest in: anything, and is gliding
gently into helplessness and second
childhood. For months past, we have
noticed an unusual reticence concern
ing him by the press at large. He
has ceased to be sneered at and abused.
His name still stands at the head of
the great newspaper which he called
into life and power, but his contem
poraries, who for many years gave
him a daily blow, now refrain from
kicking the sick lion. Old age and
weakness thus come not unattended
with compensation after all.
The Indian who lassoed the loco
motive and was thereby transported
to the happy hunting grounds, has
lately had a rival in a brother red
man, who, after a too free indulgence
in "fire-water," built his wigwam on
the railroad near St. Paul, Minnesota,
but had most disastrous luck in at
tempting to stop a freight train.
The Levees.
The importance .of an organized
levee system, for protection against
floods in the Mississippi Valley, is
gradually forcing itself upon the at
tention of the American people. With
out security against overflow, it is
clear that the rich bottom lands of the
delta cannot be cultivated with any
thing like confidence. While slavery
existed, the riparian proprietors were
required to keep the levees in order,
under the supervision of local parishi
juries; but the efficiency of the work
depended largely on the energy and
foresight of the proprietors themselves,
and was never pursued under a com
prehensive system and with an intel
ligent view to general results. The
authorities in one parish might be
provident and careful, and vet fail to
ensure protection if those of an adjoin
ing parish were not similarly consti
tuted. But as the matter now stands,
in the tier of States of which the Mis
sissippi is either a boundry or an arte
ry, neither the State nor the parochial
authorities, and much less, the ripa
rain proprietors, find themselves pos
sessed of the means requisite for the
accomplishment of so great a work.
The power to devise and execute a
comprehensive plan, by which State
lines are crossed and State interests
subordinated to the larger interests of
the wlhole people of the Union, can
only be found in the general govern
ment. But the work, to engage the
direct attention of the general govern
ment, should be of national impor
tance; and that it is, will scarcely be
denied when the actual and prospec
tive products of the low lands along
the Father of Waters are taken into
consideration. Cotton, sugar and rice
play too important a part in our com
mercial tables and domestic and foreign
exchanges to be dwarfed even by the
most intense of sectional prejudices.
In the grand possibilities suggested by
their enlarged production, the issues
are national in their widest senk, for
on them our commercial supremacy as a
people hinges. These views were rec
og ized by the National Board of
Trade, which recently held a session
at St. Louis, and are likely at length
to find expression in some practical
form through our National Legislature
at Washington. Already one of our
Representatives in Congress, Gen.
Sypher, to wit, has introduced a bill
providing for a combined railway and
levee system, embracing the States of
Arkansas, Mississippi and Louisiana,
in its general scope, and naming as
corporators some of our most promin
ent citizens. In the bill, as proposed,
a grant of $16,000 per mile is to be
made, for the construction of this levee
railway, which is to furnish, at once,
security against overflow and an ever
ready. means of transportation to
those who' live behind it. This may
not be the form in which national aid
will be eventually secured, but it is
evident that the people of the whole
country are beginning to study the
subject, and are casting about for some
satisfactory method of securing a de
sideratum so devoutly to be wished.
N. O. Thimes.
A Threat.
[From the New Orleans Republican.]
Messrs. Packard, Casey, Carter &
Co., did not spend much idle time at
the tomb of the late Lieutenant Gov
ernor, nor did they allow his political
succession to remain unopened any
longer than they could make applica
tion to be put in possession of its
effects. They gave but little time to
lamentation, and less to retirement,
having even cast lots for his robes of
State as the dead officer lay unburied.
While the Republican party, which
honored Mr. D)unn, and which laments
his loss, was quietly preparing to fill
his vacant place, these factionists
were soiling the crape which they
wore by trading with the men who
reconciled to the deceased for favors
to themselves. If this is doubted,
look at the coalition which occurred
between the Democrats, who refused
to attend the funeral, and the faction
ists who pretended to be the chief
mourners at the tomb.
And as they lost no time, so they
lost no argument in attempting to
succeed with their effort to betray the
Republican party. Every stone that
lay in the way was turned over to
discover the secret by which Senator
Pinchback could be defeated; every
corner was rounded close, and every
lot crossed direct to bring the faction
ists nearer to the object of their
desires. Senators were bored with
reasons, some of which were stupid,
and some of which were base, and
others of which were false, why they
should defeat the acknowledged choice
of the Republican members.
When the factionists pretended that
the Governor was not in earnest in
his Republicanism, they committed a
folly that they themselves did not
believe; when they accused him of a
design to sell out to the Democrats,
they basely perpetrated a slander
against another which properly be
longed to themselves; and when they
approached Senators with threats of
interference from Washington, they
committed themselves to falsehoods,
as we believe, which the proper
authorities will denounce and deny.
It is now for the Republican party
to pass judgement upon the case as it
stands. Governor Warmoth stood
fast by the party, while those who
had accused him of a design to join
the Democrats are themselves discov
ered voting with the Democrats. He
has been accused of intending to
desert the negroes, and yet, while he
stands fast in support of a colored
man, the presuming and ready prom
ising friends of the negroes vote for a
white man. He thus at one blow
destroys two slanders directed at his
honesty of purpose, and assists in
convicting his assailants of being
guilty of the very acts which they
had charged him with the design to
perpetrate. And, not satisfied with
defaming a Republican Governor and
spreading division and distrust in the
Republican party, they still further
demonstrate their wickedness by using
the name of the President in a way
that, wecannot suppose for an instant,
they are justified in doing. Marshal
Packard certainly never had the
authorization of General Grant to
threaten the State with martial law,
in order to carry a point in the Legis
lature of the State. And yet Mr.
Packard has abused the name of the
President in this very fashion, threat
ening Louisiana with a military gov
ernment in the event she does not
observe the dictates of the Custom
house ring. This is what Mr. Packard
has deliberately suggested in the
name of President Grant. He used
this threat, too, at a time when it was
calculated to serve a political purpose.
It ivas delivered deliberately, in order
to affect a Senator's vote. The design
was to shape the action of the State
Senate in its highest capacity. Mr.
Packard has put himself in the ath
tude of the man who attempts to in
timidate the State. He says to Sena
tor Butler, "Do so, or you will be
put under martial law." He says to a
Senator that his duty is to vote as
President Grant desires, and not as he
himself would elect to vote. It is
the government of one man that
Mr. Packard desires to establish. We
are to have Senators and pay for
them, but they are only to be the
mouth-pieces of the President. Mar
tial law will supervene if they act as
Senators, and not as echoes.
The letter of Senator Butler, which
we print below, tells this story and
declares all this insignificant informa
tion. We do not believe that Mr.
Packard spoke by authority of the
President; but that he spoke as he is
represented to have done we firmly
believe, because the tenor of the
Custom-house organ is to the same
effect in its article announcing the
appointment of General Emory to the
command of this district. The threat
is deliberately renewed therein that
military law is contemplated by Car
ter, Casey, Packard & Co., since they
are too weak to win their game in
any other way.
LETTER OF SENATOR BUTLER.
NEw ORLEAss, December 8, 1871.
I consider it a duty to make public
the following facts, in order that
President Grant may know how he is
misrepresented, if he be so, and that
the people of the United States, if he
be not misrepresented, may learn to
what desperate extremes the Presi
dent has determined to go to extend
and perpetuate his power.
Just before the election for Lieu
tenant Governor of Louisiana, vice
Hon. 0. J. Dunn, deceased, the Uni
ted States Marshal for this State,
Hon. S. B. Packard, sought me and
stated that I was ruining my future
prospects by not joining his side,
to wit: the Republican minority and
Democratic coalition; that it was of
no great consequence whether War
moth Republicans elected the Lieu
tenant Governor or not, or even if
Warmoth succeeded in obtaining
re-election in 1872, for in that event
they had the guarantee of President
Grant that he would at once declare
martial law, and give his political
friends all the office.. He urged me,
for these reasons, to vote for his can
didate, and added that General Reyn
olds would be in military command
here, and that everything would be
all right with hinm.
E. BUTLER,
Senator Fifth Senatorial District.
.. .. . I,_M .1. - '
COURT ANECDOTES.-The tedious
session of the Supreme Court at Pitts
field, was relieved by an incident, one
day last week, that drew a little
snmile. A leading member of the bar,
rather noted for his strategy of con
fusing witnesses by working them
into a passion, had under cross-exam
ination a woman who seemed an apt
subject for his favorite tactics; having
wound her up to the desired pitch, he
inquired, "Madam, are you now
living with your first or second hus
band ?" "That's none of yonr busi
ness!" sharp and short. With an
air of offended dignity the attorney
turned to Chief Justice Brigham, who
remarked, with a smile, " I think the
witness is about right in that, is she
not?" Which reminds the older
members of the bar of a similar mis
adventure that a still more distin
guished member of the Berkshire bar
once met with at the hands of Justice
Shaw. "Where did you get the
money with which you made the pur
chase spoken of t" asked the "learn
ed brother" of a witness under the
tortures of cross-examination. " None
of your (gentle expletive) business!"
thundered the victim. " Now, may it
please you, are counsel to be insulted
in this manner T" appealed the law
yer. "Witness," said the Chief Jus
tice, compassionately, " do you wish
to change your last answer ?" "No,
sir, I don't." " Well, I wouldn't if I
were in your place." And the chuckle
that shook the bench was audibiy
echoed.
The main feature of the Congres
sional programme for the Winter is
the admission of Colorado, Utah and
New Mexico as States.
The Famine in Persia.
The following account of the famine
in Persia is taken from a statement
made at a public meeting recently
held in London, to raise money for
the relief of the sufferers:
" The lamentable famine now raging
in Persia, and threatening to carry
off hundreds of thomlsands of the
scanty population of that extensive
kingdom, has been caused by the
unparalleled drought which has pre
vailed throughout the country during
the last three years.
" In an area far exceeding that of
Great Britain and France together,
no river of any importance exists, and
the quantity of rain in the spring and
summer is insignificant. In ordinary
years, however, the fall of snow
between November and March is con
siderable. It thickly covers the huge
nmountain ranges which intersect Per
sia, and as it melts in the spring and
summer it fills the water-courses
and small canals from which the
peasants irrigate their crops. The
soil in the valley is naturally fertile,
and a little labor insures a large har
vest if only the winter snowfall has
been abundant. This, unhappily, has
for the last two or three years been
singularly wanting; the springs,
water-courses and rivulets have been
completely dried up, the corn sown
over and over again, has been blasted,
the supplies in the country have been
exhausted, and famine, without dis
ease in its train, is rapidly doing its
deadly work.
" The whole population of Persia
has recently been estimated at 4,000,
000, a large proportion of whom are
Felyauts, wandering tribes who cor
respond to the Bedaween of Arabia
Mesopotamniar. Felyauts principally
inhabit the southern and eastern part
of the empire, where the drought has
been most severe. Their means of
subsistence depend mainly on their
flocks and herds, which have now, in
some places, altogether perished,
owing to the total want of grass on
the mountain slopes and in the val
leys. The most pitiful destitution
and the most appalling mortality are
the results. The towns have suffered
scarcely less. At Bushire, where
relief is most easily afforded, and
where much has been done under the
auspices of the British Minister,
deaths by starvation are of daily
occurrence. It is reported that the
population of Kazeroon lately esti
mated at ten thousand, has fallen
during these days of visitation to one
fifth that number; that in round
numbers some four thousand have
died of famine since this time last
year, and a like number have fled the
place. A similar condition of affairs
exists at Shiraz, Kooniesher and more
or less all over the large provinces of
Kirman and Khorassan, while even
in the less afflicted northerni districts
most lamentable distress prevails. It
is reported that in the city of Ispahan
alone, no less than twelve thousand
people have died of want, and more
than double that number in the
province. No material improvement
can be looked for until next spring.'
I 9 0 - - o.. .
A REMINISCENCE OF BEECHER.
The Indianopolis Eveining Journalfur
nishes the following:
Speaking of ministerial knowledge
of forbidden things, reminds us of
Henry Ward Beecher. The unregen
erate hearers of Henry Ward have of
ten been surprised at his knowledge
of certain things about which a
preacher is supposed to be blissfully
ignorant. Mr. Beecher always makes
it a point to familiarize himself with
subjects which he is called upon to
preach at. An old citizen informs us
that during his residence in this city
Mr. Beecher was impelled to preach
a sermon against gambling, and in or
der thathe might speak" by the card,"
he wanted to learn something of short
cards, banking games, etc. Now,
Henry Ward's early education had
been neglected in this particular, bat
he procured an introduction to Col.
Alvord, the present Chairman of the
Democratic State Central Committee.
In his young days Col. Alvord had
done a little in the way of straight po
ker (draw is a later invention of the
enemy), seven-up, euchre, brag, forty
five, and other games of chance. No
amateur sportsman had a better con
ception ot the value of three jacks
than Col. Alvord, or played a closer
game of seven-up. He could also hold
the tiger as near level as any other
man living. Col. Alvord readily con
sented to enlighten Mr. Beecher, and
the two had frequent meetings in the
back room of the Branch Bank, where
the preacher became theoretically pro
ficient in all the arts and tricks of
cards. Having fully informed himself,
he preached a powerful sermon, which
created considerable' excitement at
the time, and gave rise to an unjust
suspicion that Brother Beecher had,
at sore period of his life, known how
it was himself,
Judge Cush once had a dog case, in
which the ownership of the canine
was in dispute. The evidence was
conflicting, and the Judge became
confused. "Stop!" said he, " stop
right there! We'll settle the matter
very shortly. You, Mr. Plaintiff, go
over into the far corner out there.
You, Mr. Defendant, come into this
corner up here. Now both of you
whistle, and, Mr. Clerk, let the dog
loose." So said, so done; but the
dog sprang between the legs of the
bystandera and "scooted" out of the
door,

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