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THE! DONALDSONYILLE CHIEF.
VOLUME 1. DONALDSONVILLE, LA., SATURDAY, DECEMB R 23, 1871. NUMBER I 3onalbsnnbille Q iff. Office in Crescent Place. Pubbehed Every Saturday Maorning Donaldmwonville, La., -BY LINDEN E. BENTLEY, EDITOR A 41) PROPRIETOR TERMS OF ScBSCRIPTION: 'One copy, one year.................$3 00 Ono copy, six months ................1 . 50 tingle cOplea,............... ......'.i 10 Payable invariably in advance. ADVERTISING BATES: [A square is even lines Minion tyme.] Space. I wk. Imo. 3 mos. 6 mose 1 yr. l square.... $1 00 $3 00 $5 00 $9 01$15 00 2 squares .. 2 005 00 9 00 150l 25 00 4 squares... 400 800 15 00 25 00 35 00 } column... 7 13 00 25 00 40 00 50 00 j column... 14 0 25 40 00 6000 7000 1 onmnn. 28 40 55 00 75 00100 00 Transient advertisements. $1 per sqnate first insertion; 75 ete. each subsequent insertion. All official advertisements $1 per square each insertion. Communications may be addressed .imply 'CumEF, Donaldsonville, La.," or to the edi tor and proprietor personally. Hon. Jefferson Davis has ben in New Orleans during the present peek. It has been wisely said that hi who loses his conscience has nothin4r left that is worth keeping. We return thanks to Hon. I. B. Darrall, M. C., for a copy of the re ports of the Commissioner of Agricul ture for the years 1869 and 1870.. A resolution has been introduced in the South Carolina House of RBepre sentatives looking to the impeacllhment of Governor Scott and State 7 reas urer Parker. An exchange relates that Ge.eral John Tyler, formerly of the Confeder ate army, and known for twenty-five years past as a writer, has beconie as sociate editor of the Talahassee fjesti fiel, an orgmn of the Republican party in Florida. The State Superintendent of Pmblic Education has made official puhilica tion of the apportionment of the si hool fund for the quarter ending omn the first Monday of Decenqxer. The total amount is $83,557, of which Ascension parish receives $852. II8 In a recent temperance lectum- de livered at Worcester, Mass., Mr. len dell Phillips said: " We have no no political party that dares to en orce the liquor law, but the children or the present generation would see a preat uprising, that would wage a suhese ful war against rum, or their children would live in an empire." A historian has discovered that Ne ro did not fiddle during the bur ing of Rome as has been heretofore g ner ally believed. The two good and suf ticient reasons given in support oil this statement are: Nero didn't know how to play thq fiddle; And he was a hun dred miles away during the conflagra tion. Conclasive, if true. The latest news from England an nounces that the Prince of W ,a is rapidly recovering from his ill ess, and that there is consequently great rejoicing in the royal household. It was feared that in case of the death of tihe Prince a revolution would have soon followed, inaugurated by the Re publicans for the overtl w of the juonarchial system of governmenf. A dispatch from Chicago of the 10th instant says that three menivere seen to throw some substance On a pile of debris on Sixteenth street af ter which they fled. The substance was examined, and the discovery jade that when exposed to moistu it burned fiercely and nothing 4uld extinguish it. The affair ereated treat excitement, and the men are lIeing pursued. W&hile recording the fact that Con gressman Sheldon is Chairman of the Militia Committee, Congressman Mo rey of the Mississippi Jevee Commit tee, and Congressman Sypher a mem ber of the House Pacific Railroad Committee, the Assumption Chronicle asks what part Hon. C. B. Darrall. the member from this District, plays in Congress There is evidently a ifeel ing of dissatisfaction with this tatter gentleman spreadling among his ;con stituents which should move hin to some greater exertions in their b half than has heretofore characterize his career as a member of Congrese. SRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. WASHIworow, December 4, 1871. To Senate and House of Representatives: Ii. addressing my third annual mes sag= to the law-making branch of the go- rnment, it is gratifying to be able to te that, during the past year, suaess has generally attended the effo t to execute all laws found upon the statute books. The policy has beei, not to inquire into the wisdom of e laws already enacted, but to lea i their special interest and enforce thei accordingly. The past year has, under a wise providence, been one of GENERAL PROSPERITY. º the nation it has, however, been attded with more than usual 'chas tisents in the loss of life and prop ert4 by storm and fire. These disas ters have served to call forth the best ele: -entsof human nature in our coun try and to develop friendship for us on e part of foreign nations which goel far toward alleviating the dis trest occasioned by the- calamities. Tht benevolent who have so gener ously shared their means with the vic tin:, of these misfortunes will reap the reward in the consciousness of ha ng performed a noble act, and in re "i ving the grateful thanks of men, wo en and children whose sufferings the have relieved. The relations of the United States with FOREIGN POWERS conne to be friendly. The year hia been an eventful one in witness in two great nations speaking one Ian rage and having one lineage, settaing, by peaceful arbitration, dis put.- of long standing and liable at at nm y time to bring those nations in to tiloody and hostile conflicts. An exa ple has thus been set which, if sue .ssful in its final issue, may be foll red by other civilized nations, andy the final means of returning to productive industry millions of men wht are now maintained to settle the dispgtes of nations by the bayonet and broadsword. I ransinit herewith a copy of the tr allued to, which has been con clu since the adjournment of Con grest* with her Brittanic Majesty, and a coty of the protocol of the confer ences of the commissioners by whofn it i's negotiated. This treaty pro id methods for adjusting the ques tiomApendihgbetween the two nations. Varnous questions are to be adjusted by a obitration. I recommend Congress at a- early day to make the necessa ry )vision for the tribunal at Gene va, d for the several commissions on tie part of the United States called for bty the treaty. His majesty, the King of Italy, the president of the Swh s confederation, and his majesty, the jmperor of Brazil, have each con senton the joint request of the two powr to name an arbitrator for the tribunal of Geneva. I have caused my thanks to be suitably expressed for tie readiness with which the joint requetst has been complied with by the app( utment of gentlemen of emi nen and learning to these important oi ons. Isis majesty, the Emperor of G rmnany, has been pleased-to com ply with the joint request of the two governments, and has consented to act arbitrator of the disputed water boutary between the United States and rent Britain. The contracting part'es in the treaty have undertaken to re ;ard as between themselves cer tain rinciples of public law for which the nited States has contended from the commencement of her history. They have also agreed to bring these prinmiples to the knowledge of the othe maritime powers, and invite then to accede to them. Negotia tion are going on as to the form of the te by whuch the invitation is to be e. tended to the powers. I recom mend the legislation necessary on the part if the United States to bring in to o .ration the articles of the treaty rel g to the fisheries and to the othe matters touching the relations of th ' United States toward the BRI SH NORTH AMERICAN POSSES SIONS, to me operative as soon as the pro r legislation shall be held on the part of-Great ]hitaiu andits posses sions. It is much to be desired that this legislation may become operative bef the fishermen of the United Sta begin to make their arrange men for the coming season. I ve directed a communication, of vIich a copy is transmitted here with. to the Governors of New York, Peniusylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Michi gan, Illinois and Wisconsin, urging upo he governments of these States resptively the necessary action on the part to carry into effect the object of -the article of the treaty which contemplates the use of the canals on either side, connected with the navigation of the lakes and rivers i fo ng the boundary, in terms of 1 equi by the inhabitants of both con ies. It is hoped that the im port:ance of the object and the benefits 1 to flaw therefrom will secure the spec- y approval and legislative sane tion f the States concerned. I new the recommendation for an apps priation for determining the true position of the forty-ninth par allel -f latitude where it forms the BOUNDARY be n the United States and the I Bri North American Possessions, i between the Lake of the Woods and i the summit of the Rocky Mountains. I Thu early action of Congress in this 4 reco nnpendation would put it in the I pow r of the War Department to i place a force in the field during the summer. The resumption of diplomatic rela lations between FRANCE AND GERMANY has enabled me to give directions for the withdrawal of the protection ex tended to Germans in France by the diplomatic and consular represent atives of the United States in that country. It is just to add that the delicate duty of this protection has been performed by the Consul General at Paris and the various consuls in France under the supervision of the latter with great kindness as well as with prudence and tact. Their course has received the commendation of the German government, and has wounded no susceptibility of the French. The government of the Em peror of Germany continues to mani fest a friendly feeling towards the United States and a desire to har monize with the moderate and just policy which this government main tains in its relations with Asiatic powers, as well as with the South American. Republics. I have given assurance that the friendly feelings of that government are fully shared in by the United States. The ratifica tions of the consular and naturaliza tion treaty with the AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN EMPIRE have been exchanged. I have been officially informed of the annexation of the States of the Church to the KINGDOM OF ITALY, and the removal of the capital of that kingdom to Rome. In conformity with the established policy of the United States, I have recognized this change. The ratifications of the new treaty of commerce between the United States and Italy have been exchanged, and the two powers have agreed in their treaty that property at sea shall be exempt from capture in case of war between the two pow ers. The United States have spar ed no opportunity of incorporating this rule into the obligations of nations. The Forty-first Congress, at its third session, made an appropriation for the organization of a mixed commis sion for adjudicating upon the claims of citizens of the United States against Spain, growing out of the insurrection in Cuba, and that commission has since been organized. I transmit herewith the correspondence relating to its formation and its jurisdiction. It is to be hoped that this commission will afford the claimants a complete remedy for their injuries. It has been made the agreeable duty of the United States to preside over a con ference at Washington between the plenipotentiaries of ALLIED SOUTH AMERICAN REPUBLICS, which has resulted in an armistice, with the reasonable assurance of a permanent peace. - The intimate, friendly relations which have so long existed between the United States and RUSSIA continue undisturbed. The visit of the third son of the Emperor is a proof that there is no desire on the part of his government to diminish the cordiality of these relations. The hospitable reception which has been given to the Grand Duke, is a proof that, on our side, we share the wishes of that government. The inexeus able course of the Russian Minister at Washington rendered it necessary to ask his recall, and to decline to longer receive that functionary as a diplo matic representative. It was impos sible, with self-respect or with a just regard of the dignity of the country, to permit Mr. Catacazy to continue to hold intercourse with this government after his abuse of the government officials, and his persistent interfer ence, through various means, with the relations between the United States and other powers. In accordance with my wishes this government has been relieved of further intercourse with Mr. Catacazy, and the manage ment of the affairs of the imperial legation has passed into the hands of a gentleman entirely unobjectionable. With JAPAN we continue to maintain intimate re lations. The cabinet of the Mikado has, since the close of the last session of Congress, selected citizens of the United States to serve in offices im portant in the several departments of the government. I have reason to think that this selec;ion is due to an appreciation of the disinterestedness of the policy which the United States have pursued toward Japan. It is our desire to continue to maintain this disinterestedness and just policy with CHINA, as well as Japan. The correspond ence transmitted herewith shows that there is no disposition on the part of this government to swerve from its established course. Prompted by a desire to put an end to the barbarous treatment of our shipwrecked sailors on the Corean coast, I instructed our minister at Pekin to conclude a convention with COREA for securing the safety and humane treatment of such mariners. Admiral Rogers was instructed to accompany him with a sufficient force to protect him in case of need. A small survey ing party was sent out and on reach ing the coast was treacherously at tacked at a disadvantage. Ample opportunity was given for explana tion and apology for the insult; neither came. A force was then landed and after an arduous march over a rugged and difficult country, the forts from which the outrages had been committed were gallantly as saulted and were destroyed. Having thus punished the criminals and vin dicated the honor of the flag, the expedition returned, finding it im practicable under the circumstances to conclude the desired convention. I respectfully refer you to the corres pondence relating thereto herewith submitted and leave the subject for such action as Congress may see fit to take. The REPUBLIC OF MEXICO has not yet repealed the very objec tionable law establishing what is known as the free zone on the frontier of the United States. It is hoped that this may be done, and, also, that more stringent measures may be taken by that Republic for restrain ing lawless persons on its frontier. I hope Mexico by its own action, will soon relieve this government of the difficulties experienced from these causes. Our relations with the var ious republics of CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA continue with one exception to be cordial and friendly. I recommend some action by Congress regarding the overdue installments under the award of the VENEZUELA claims commission of 1866. The in ternal dissensions of this government present no justification for the absence of effort to meet their solemn treaty obligations. The ratifications of an extradition treaty with NICARAGUA have been exchanged, and it is a sub ject for congratulation that the great empire of BRAZIL has taken the initiatory steps toward the abolition of slavery; our relations with that empire having always been friendly will naturally be made more so by this act. It is not too much to hope that the government of Brazil may hereafter find it to its interest, as well as intrinsically right, to ad vance towards an entire emancipation more rapidly than the present act contemplates. The true prosperity and greatness of a nation is to be found in the elevation and education of its laborers. It is a subject for re- 1 gret that the reforms in this direction, which were voluntarily promised by º the statesmen of Spain, have not been carried out in West Indian colonies. The laws and regulations for the ap parent abolition of SLAVERY IN CUBA, leave most of the laborers in bondage, with no hope of release until their lives become a burden to their em ployers. I desire to direct your at tention to the fact that the citizens of the United States are large holders, 1 in foreign lands, of this species of I property forbidden by the fundamental 1 law of their adopted country. I re commend to Congress to provide, by 1 stringept legislation, a suitable re medy against the holding, owning or dealing in slaves, or being interested in slave property in foreign lands, either as owners, heirs or mortgagees, by persons of the United States. It is to be regretted that the disturbed condition of THE ISLAND OF CUBA continues to be a source of annoyance and of anxiety. The existence of a protracted struggle in such close proximity to our territory, without any apparent prospect of an early termination, cannot be other than an object of concern to a people who while abstaining from interference in the affairs of other powers, natp rally desire to see every country in the undisturbed enjoyment of peace, liberty, and the blessings of free in stitutions. Our naval commanders in Cuban waters have been instructed, in case it should become necessary, to spare no effort to protect the lives and property of bona fide American citizens and to maintain the dignity of the fag. It is hoped that all pend ing questions with Spain growing out of the affairs of Cuba may be ad justed in that spirit of peace and con ciliation which has hitherto guided the two powers in-their treatment of such questions. To give importance and to add to the efficiency of bar relations with JAPAN AND CHINA, and to further the retaining of the good opinion of those people, and to secure to the United States its share of the commerce destined to flow be tween these nations and the balance of the commercial world, I earnestly recommend that an appropriation be made to support at least four Ameri can youths in each of these countries, to serve as i part of the official family of our ministers there. Even then our representatives would not be placed upon an equality with the rep-, resentatives of Great Britain and some other powers. As now situated, our representatives in Japan and China have to depend, for interpret ers and translators, upon natives of those countries, who know our lan guage imperfectly, or procure for the occasion the services of employes in foreign business houses, or the inter preters of other foreign ministers. I would also recommend liberal meas ures for the purpose of supporting the American lines of steamers now ply ing between San Francisco and Japan and China and the Australian line,our only remaining lines of ocean steam ers, and of increasing their service. The enlarged receipts of THE POST-OFFICE department, as shown by the accom panying report of the postmaster general, exhibits a gratifying increase in that branch of the public service. It is the index of the growth of educa tion, and of the prosperity of the people-two elements highly condu cive to the vigor and stability of republics, with a vast territory like ours, much of it sparely populated, but all requiring the services of the mail. It is not at present to be expected that this department can be made self-sustaining, but a' gradual approach to this end from year to year, is confidently relied oni; and the day is not far distant when the post-office department of the general government will prove a much greater blessing to the whole people than it is ,now. The suggestions of the post master-general for improvements in the department presided over by him, are earnestly recommended to your special attention, especially the docu ments favorable to the consideration of the plan for uniting the TELEGRAPH SYSTEM of the United States with the postal system. It is believed that by such a course the cost of telegraphing could be much reduced, and the services as well, if not better rendered. It would secure the further advantage by extending the telegraph through portions of the country where private enterprises will not construct it. Com merce and trade, and, above all, the efforts to bring a people widely sep arated into a community of interests, are always benefitted by a rapid in tercommunication. Education, the groundwork of Republican institu tions, is encouraged by increasing the facilities to gather speedy news from all parts of the country. The desire to reap the benefits of such improve ments will stimulate edueition. I refer you to the report of the post master-general for full details of the operations of last year, and for com parative statements of results with former years. There has been imposed upon the executive branch of the government the execution of the act of Congress, approved April 20th, 1871, and coin monly known as the KU-KLUX LAW. In a portion of the State of South Carolina the necessity of the course pursued will be demonstrated by the report of the committee to investigate Southern outrages. Under the pro visions of the above act, I issued, a proclamation calling the attention of the people of'the United States to the same, and declaring my reluctance to exercise any of the extraordinary pow ers thereby conferred upon me, except in case of imperative necessity, but making known my purpose to exercise such powers whenever it should become necessary to do so, for the purpose of securing tb all citizens of the United States the peaceful enjoy ment of the rights guaranteed to them by the Constitution and the laws. After the passage of this law, inform ation was received from time to time, that combinations of the character referred to in this law existed and were powerful in many parts of weac Irv--aux aus _"..Y ream u THE SOUTHERN STATES, particularly in certain counties in the State of South Carolina. A careful investigation was made, and it was found that in nine counties of that State, such combinations were active 4 and powerful, embracing a sufficient i portion of the citizens to control the I local authority, and having amongst 1 other things, the object of depriving the emancipated class of their sub stantial benefits of freedom, and of preventing the free political action 4 of those citizens who did not sympa- i thize with their own views. Among their operations were frequent scour ings of the country and occasional assassinations, perpetrated in the night by persons in disguise, the vic tims in almost all cases, being citizens 1 of different political sentiment from their own, or freed persons who had 1 shown a disposition to claim equal rights with other citizens. Thousands I of inoffensive and well disposed citi zens were the sufferers by this lawless i violence. Thereupon, on the 13th of October, 1871, -- - A PROCLAMATION WAS ISSUED, in the term of the law, calling upon the members of the combinations to disperse within five days, and to de liver to the marshal or military officers of the United States, all arms, ammu nitions, disguises and other means and implements used by them for carrying out unlawful purposes. This warning not having been heeded, on the 17th of October a proclamation was issued, suspending the writ of habeas corpus in nine counties in that State. Direc tion was given that within the coun ties so designated, persons supposed upon creditable information to be members of such unlawful combina tions should be arrested by the mili tary forces of the United States, and delivered to the marshal to be dealt with according to law. In two of said counties-York and Spartenburg many arrests have been made. At the last account the number of persons thus arrested was one hundred and sixty-eight. Several hundred whose criminality was ascertained to be an inferior degree were released for the present, these generally having made confessions of their guilt. Great caution has been exercised in making THESE ARRESTS, and, notwithstanding the large num ber, it is believed that no innocent person is now in custody. The pris oners will be held for regular trials ii the judicial tribunals of the Unite& States. As soon as it appeared that the authorities of the United Staten< were about to take vigorous measures to enforce the laws, these parties absconded, and there is good grouii( for suppbsiug that all such person: have violated the law. A full state ment of what has been done unde this law, will be submitted to Con gress by the Attorney General. In Utah there still remains a rem nant of barbarism repuguant to civili zation, decency and the laws of th United States. Territorial officers have been founmi who are willing to perform their duty in a spirit of equity and with a due sense of sustaining the majesty of th< law. Neither POLYGAMY nor any violation of existing statute will be permitted within the territory of the United States. It is not with the religion of the self-styled saints that we are now dealing, but their practices. They will be protected ih the worship of God according to the dictates of their consciences, but the;y will not be permitted to violate the law under the cloak of religion. I1 may be advisable for Congress tF consider what, in the execution of the laws against polygamy, is to be the status of plural wives and their off spring. The propriety of Congres passing an enabling act, authorizinl the territorial Legislature of Utah tF legitimize all born prior to a time fixed in the act, might be justified by its humanity to these innocent children. This is a suggestion only, and not 1 recommendation. The policy pursued toward THE INDIANS has resulted favorably so far as t law can be judged, from the limite l time during which it has been in op eration. Through the exertions otf the various societies of Christians, to whom has been intruited the execu tion of the policy, and the board cT commissioners authorized by the hr'< of April 10th, 1869, many tribes of Ii - diana have been induced to settle on reservations, to cultivate the soil and perform productive labor of various kinds, and to partially accept civili zation; they are being cared for in such a gray, it is hoped, as to induce those still pursuing their old habits of life to embrace the only opportunity which is left them, to avoid extermi nation. I recommend liberal appr priations to carry out the INDIAN PEACE POLICY, not only because it is humane, chris. 'tian-like and economical, but because it is right. I recommend to your fa vorable consideration also the policy of granting the power of territorial government to the Indians of the In than territory west of Arkansas and Missouri, and south of Kansas. In doing so, every right guaranteed to the Indians by treaty should be se cured. Such a course might be the nieans of collecting most of the In dians now between the Missouri and the Pacific, and south of the British possessions into one territory or one State. The Secretary of the Interior has treated upon this subject at, length, andreconmmended to you his suggestions. I renew my recommen dations, that the PUBLIC LANDS may be regarded as an heritage for our children, to be disposed of only as required for occupation and to actual settlers. Those actually granted have been in great part disposed of in such a way as to secure access to the bal' 4ance by the hardy settler who may wish to avail himself of them; but caution should be exercised in attai ing so desirable an objbct. EDUCATIONAL INTERESTS may well be subserred by the gran of the proceeds of the sale of public lands to settlers. I do net wish to hb understood as recommending in the least degree a curtailing of what iý being done by the general govern meat for the encouraging of educa tion. The report of the Secretary of the Interior, submitted with this,will give you information, collected and pre mared for publication, in regard t the - - CENSUS taken during the year 1870; the op eration of the bureau of education to the year; the patent office; the pen sion office; the land office and the In dian bureau, and the report of tbl commissioner of AGRICULTURE gives the operations of his departmenc for the year. As agriculture is th< groundwark of our prosperity, too much importance cannot be attached to the labors of this department, which is in the hands of an able head, with able assistants, all zealously devoted to introducing into the ag ricultural productions of the nation all the useful products adapted t4 any of the various climates and soils of our vast territory, and giving all useful'information as-to the method of cultivation of the plants, cereals and other products adapted to particular localities. Quietly, but surely, the agricultural bureau is working a great deal of good, and if liberally support ed, the more widely its influence will be extended, and the less dependent we shall be upon the products of for eign countries. The subject of COMPENSATION to the heads of the bureau and offs C0NTIJIUD ON FOURTH PAGE. -