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THE DONALDSONVILLE CHIEF.
OFFICIAL JOUR\AL OF THE PARINHI OF ANCE SION AND TO'WN OF DONALI)SO1TILLE. VOLUME I DONALDSONVILLE, LA., SATURDAY, JANUARY 27, 1872. NUMBER `ýý. Offhice inl ('tescill Plate. -uli e --r-.- --itrdyo--it -AT I)onal(INtO~llivllC, La.: -In ! i:% 1DE\ E. ItE-1TILET,I ED)IT!OR AND PR:OPRIETOR. 'FE.iMJS OF' SI ISJIPTIO.V: aII CopyJ1. o lletb-ar. .. 3.. 0... Payable ir var~iably in advance. .41) V', lTISJi".V(G N.4TES: ,A 1q'gi.rf insev Jill'/1 1fs Minion type. 4alea.l 4)1 ((IX id 0090) 50 ~': IX) 0 ol ll.. 7(40 1 11 40 225 00 4001 00 0 4 x ((dntillo I 14 0i) 25 I 40) )0( 4)) 0(0 "0(400 inni rtion 7 ctc. eaelh subseque144t lInserio~n. 111 obiaU xd a n tiae lii ts $1 pcir square -ach insertiou. 0144 Ili iI4iti0lIM 0015 be4 afddn'ned simply & 'HI r. I),Ial~dsonIville. Lt..- or. to tbre cdi iii 0( an pror43'i4't4r personall1Iy. 'If ( o1111414tn en~joys at magnificenlt res idencee. finisheil and kept in repafir at thit pllulic (lexpense, and conltaininig 1(M) ro~oms. Hie receives a salary of .AI~5,(HM), and onl retiremenet is always of P-K) V. htich onI his death passes to his eldest soil. T1he 1101)11iutioli (If '(1on4 Scott, of thle 1'(Ill~sý vl5 111 en4ltrali, for Pl'esi denit looks a little iIilliou$. If Bob the( Bungtownt Narrow gttage 's'orn - I~ike?, shild~( decline tile use of his 11 on11 for the Vit(1-PreI4idency(¶ o1 il t' ticket, we fear the thinig wouldt p~rove Iii Franice tile mnaluftacture (of mlathesl' susltainsI 215,M) workmnen. a414d li"el'1 ml~liionis (It francit' are jinvested ill the~ 1111iul(44. The0 gov~ernmnclt IproIpose4s to tax it. Thie manlllfactiurers s:4yV if it doles the~ coT~Itwilu~tiolt of in Itche~s will fall off1 thlree-tonrtllI')aiId that live millihnsll lof Ioll~hals wo'lth oIt lprope)rty wnill be rendered vaIluelessI, and~ oIver twenty thoullsandI Llaborers thrown out (It niplol)Iyuelit. Mrs. Fair (died on the :30th of De rumoers in p~risonl, :111d there are' m~any ruosconlcerning lher det'iti. One report is, that sht, dlied troml the eftects of brutal tr'eatmenft, onl the part oIf her jailor :another, that she com) mlittedl suicide. Hiowever'( it maliy be, till State oIf ('aliforniiat is s~pal'ed thle p~ajintft duy- (If hlangin~g a WomanII, an11d doubl~tess her ca~res .andl anxie'ties lilidI thet grinsi dCstroytIr a welcoIIII visitor. There is now on exhibition, at the (ity Hotel, a tooth weighing twelve pounds, which would make fn inter esting study fito antiquarians. It no Ioiubt belonged to one of the huge species of antedelyvian monsters that frequented the vast plains and marsh es of the Anlerican Continent long be fore m1n1 had made it his habitation. 'i'lhl' soil of Texas is fertile in speci lilens of petritied reptiles of a very early period in the world's history, which would amply repay the anti quarian for his researches.-Tyler In de~r. The most recent trapeze accident iC that of Mile. Geraldine, a voulng wo man whose peroirmances have often received great applause. The girl was practicing with Mr. Leopold the prodigious flight through the air fromn th' dress circle to a trapeze hanging I fr au the ceiling near the stage, and n len in mid air she loosened her grasp and was precipitated with im mense force upon the footlights. She was taken up mangled and bleeding, a1nd was not expected to survive. This horrible athiir, which ocIurred at !O Union Park 'IThletre, New York, 'oik 1llllace at rehearisal. h) the night of the 14th inst., the r< sidlence of M~r. John, Whitaker. in Anacco. Sabine parish, caught tire about 12 o'clolk at night. Every thing was consumed. One of his children was lInift ill the building, anothler so ijiured by the flames that he died; while the mother was badly burned. Two children only es(-aped U11ulpnued. Mr. Whittaker was ab sent at the time. His agony of mind u1n le4ruilg the terrible news, sur lpasseCs description. 'This is one of the most distressing accidents that has occurred in tills section for many vears.-Red River Peirs. Here is a lot of nonsense about H. NO. as a farmer : Mr. Greeley, on his farm, keeps a running account with hens, diubl4 entry. When a hen lays ani egg she runs around the bases, and when she strikes the ijomie base, where the book-keeper is located. she sings out, " tally on(-," or " tally two,", steCWmybieas oeo 115 the cti$V maly be, ilecatuse somle (If them are repeaters, and thie 'ook keeper gives her credit. and clruarges her for her meals. In this way, flor ace can tell what hens are shirking, and how much lie makes on each hen. He says his exiriene is that roosters are a glaring fraud, putting on ityle all around, and never laying an egg )iie(' il two wv'ceks, 'he Gallows in India. Execu on of the Assassin of the Late hiefJJustice. [From ah-utta Englishman of Nov. 8 1871.] T e murderer of late chief-justice paid t e penalty of his crime on sat urday borning. For some days past he ha. been suffering from severe ill ess: id it is possible that his execu tion % is carried out at once, least he shouti by a natural death, have es caped the disgrace and punishment awarn *d to hini. It is probably that it wVa not generally known through the t tire quarters of the town that the d. 0 or hour had been fixed for his exect ion, or a larger concourse of spect tors would have been present. - As it cas, somo few hul.dred Iindoos, but ardly a dozen Mdlauinnedans were )resent. Ihie i(inumber of Euro bean on the ground was not large, but c ontained some of the softer sex, these could he so designated, whO, neluly expected to see at such ta pºla, A. large force of European l lnd ,tive coistabiles kept the ground, but ti ire was no disorder, nor, indeed, lniy rcitemient among the crowd. '()i tl fog clearing away, a little be fore o'clock, Dr. Mackensie, the super utendent of the jail, accom panic I by 1)r. Lynch, inspector-gen eral prisons, _Ir. S. C. Barclay, see retar to the government of Bengal, Ir. ( ianntrell, solicitor to the govern ment and the representatives of the pires proceeded to the condemned cell. The lprisoner remlaind on his knee for some time in prayer. He was en brought out and handcufled and Pinioned. He looked very ill, and his wrists were being locked in v the I indlcuits behind his back he be gau o display the first symptoms of )er 1' uess which he had show n since his capture. His demeanor had I neve been defined or bold,iutalways calm und self-possessed. "I cell whoa informed, which he hid won lipreviously, that his body was o he burned after death-pun ishn: nt dreadful to the followers of the rophet, as involving the loss of pars ise, he was unost cool, and miere ly s id 'lteha.' Before ascending the s eps which led to the stattold, Dr. Ma li nzie asked hint if he wished to say uything. He answered that he had othing to say beyond what he ihad (ire(dy said, that he was not in his s uses when he stabbed the chief justi. he was subject to fits (epilep sy), nd h'e must have doie the act whe in such a tit. He had always kept to this statement, and though not : little trouble was taken during the une lie was ill prison to elicit somn hing more fromn hiii, all attempts were ineffectual. IHe had evidently made up his mind for death, and, as Mr.. istice Paul anticipated in deliv erint sentence, le was determined to carrm his dark secret with him to his grayk Whether the knowledge that his xdy would he burned unnerved him it Inst, it is intmossible to say but I s voice in replying to 1)r. Mack elsic was very weak and trembling, and ieie was a nervous twitching in his I Inds which seemed to betoken fear. He walked without assistance, how( er, up tie steps leading to the roof, a w hici the seiffild was greeted: hut lhen his eyes rested on the domes who were waiting to receive him, a visib h shudder passed through his body and a strange look of anger and horn shot from his eyes. From that inoim mt he grew more unnerved, but remiic iied standing on the trap of the semafi d while the cap was draw , over his face and the rope ad jtste about his neck. The latter Shad iardlv beeii doiie when lie fell dowi suddenly, but in a sitting posi tion, wrobably in a feint. At that mo ment however, the bolt was with draw i. and he fell through the trap.I The ope was a long one; but the noos slipped from behind his ear to the b ek of his head, and this, perhaps, tendied to prevent him dying almost immediately. He struggled for sonim litth time, and the doctors at first thou ht that the drop had failed to brea the neck. It was found, hitow ever when the body was cut down, that the neck had been broken. He wa is :mming at 6:05 o'clock, and after beinq sunpended for about an hour, the I xly was cut down and taken in i ý side he jail. Alfter inspection by the doct' rs, it was taken to the back of the oidenined cell, where a pile of wool had been prepared. Placed on this, the pyre was set lire to by the doiti. in attendince, and the body hurt to ashes. Such was the end of the i retched fanatic or hireling assas - sin. Trie police arrangemtents could I not, irhliaps, be found fault with, but if thi government wished the punish mei to be ai warning to others, it won I have been as well had the na tive pectatsnmr been able to get a view of t e dead body, and the burning miig: have taken place publicly. If this mast act was done with any ul terio object, witnesses, especially SMussulmians, should have been pres ; ent, so that no doubt could exist in 1 ban -rs or mosques as to the disposal of t e boly. It might have been as well tao, had there been a certain I nui nr of detectives among the crowd, f witt a view to pick up any clue which mig'l have beeni given, perchance in 4 volt tarily, iW'any friends or sympa - thiz s of the criminal were present. One detective certainly was present, and in order that there might be no R Wrist king hinal he was dressed in umi Sfoiru with the word "detective " em broi Bred on his coat. This one little that poke volumes for the ability and skill with which the Calcutta police are at present handled. The crowd quietly dispersed after the body was cut down, and at 7 o'clock the road and ground in front of the prison were I clear. The hanging of a mniserable wretch like the murderer is but a sorry 1 compensation for the loss of the good i ! and gentle life he took; hut it is even lessened by the reflection that the as sassin shI uld h ive (lied without a r:(v of light bei ig obtained to clear up the dark inatery of the cause which led to the foul and unnatural murder of the highest judicial functionary in In- i dia."" - -- - t Reminiscence of Fisk. It is now in order to recount anee- I dotes of the early life of the late James I Fisk, Jr., and the Chicago Post pro- I ceeds to relate the following reminis cence of the prince's sunny hours ofi boyhood: When Fisk was about ten years of i age he kept a small market stall at Bennington, Vermont. One day the eminent steamboatman, Daniel Drew, came to the market with his basket oni his arm. lie asked Young Fisk if his eggs were fresh. " You het," replied the ingenious boy, 11 pop pulled them I off the vibes this morning." " Give me a dozen, sonny," replied Mr. Drew. The next stall was kept by little t Eliphalet Buckram. " Is this pump kiii good, my son I" asked the vener- I able stock broker. " It is i goodt enough Morgan," answered the truth- 1 fii child, ' but, sir, if you will ex amine that portion concealed from K your scrutinizing view, by contract with the hoards forming the couiter of the stall, you will see that there is t 1 a bad spot in it," " Does not that I1 seem unbusinesslike, my child, to cry down your own wares ?" asked the kind-he arted millionaire. "'My sainted mother said I must never tell a lie with my little hatchet," replied Eli phailet Buckram. The rich man was moved to tears; lie took out his purse 1 ond "'ice Eliphalet Buckranu i p it on dthe head and said he was a good boy. When he had gone, Eliphalet .Buck rain said to little James, 0 Jamies, wi hat imade you tell such a fib ? Youtt know those eggs were laid three weeks ago. You will see that I have gained a customer and you have lost one.' XWell, when Eliphalet went home his stepmother canet to the door and saidt " Here you are, you lazy little sneak, and you havn't sold that puinipkin vet ! I'll pumpkin you !" And she took lhinm in her stepmotherly arias and fanned himi with an ox goid until lie said that hle would prefer taking his meuals off the mantel piece forthle next few consecutive days to sitting ilown with the rest of the family ; and next day Danie l)rew cani into the niarket ('" a rearin'ut a tearin," as old in habitants say), and said : " Where is the boy that sold ine those eggs, eli T" and Jiui Fisk pointed to Eliphalet and said ' There lie is, sir," and Daniel DI)rew reitnforced that boy'a step uiiother's ox goad with his cine so ef fectu illy that-but never mind. So DaIniit1 Drew bought all his garden sass of Jimu Fisk. In after life Eli phalet Buckram set up a grocery store, and gave trust to all the pour people, and never sanded his sugar, and wouldn't qualify his rui with water;i so In burst up, iind I le shierift sold him out and he went to the poorhouse. But Daniel Drew kept his eye on Jim Fisk, and by-and-by he gave himu a partnership in the Erie thin, and Jim beat him out of -4,0O,O(0 This is not a story for good little boys. We ftar it is too near the truth. Lost in a Forest. [From New Philadelphia (Ohio) Advocate.] One week ago last Wedneday morn ing the mercury stood at zero, and although it moderated some, a wind spring up, and the air was tilled with snow flakes making it very cold. A German citizen, manted Hoopricli, started to the woods to cut a pole to prepare for butchering. His little boy, Bour years old, saw the direction he took, and after he had gone sonic time, slipped out at the gate and fol lowed. The father returned at noon. not having seen the child. He was missed, but supposed to be at some neighbor's house, and was not hunted until towards night. He could not be found, and the town was aroused, and sluads set out in all directions, but to no piurpQse. Next morning the search was renewed. Just before inoon the little fellow was fonud by Fred. Moffait, who was out ganing. His dog discovered him, and attract ed his attention by barking. The little fellow had wanderedl about a mile and a half from town, and had laid, exhausted, on a pile of saw dust in a clearing, not two hundred vards from the house of Josiah Chase, ou the Sprangler farm. He was lying on his face, with his knees under him, with his left hand under his body, and the right one on the back of his head. He was without mittens andI only dressed in his common clothes. When found, he was entirely uncon scious, with the blood oozing from his mouth and nose. and no pulse percep tible except at the temple. He had been out in the cold for over twenty four hours and had he not been very fieshy and full of animal life, lie would have perished. He remained unconscious for tweenty-four hours, but is rapidly recovering. He may loose the first joints ofhis fingers on his right hand, but will not otherwise Show the effects of his severe freezing. Highway Robbery. [From the Toledo (0.) Connuereial.] Anl old gentleman, named Alvin Briggs, arrived in the city on the train from Chicago, and put up at the Whipple House. The hext morning he started out to visit the various I real estate offices of the city for the purpose of ascertaining where he' could best invest the sum of $2000 in a sinall house. The first othice visited was that of George E. Pomeroy & Son, and front thence to Kelley Biros, the latter mak ing an engagement with him to cross the river and look at some prope"ty there. From Kelley's office Briggs went down to tine hay market, on Summit street, below Cherry, where liehad conversation with sonic of the farmers from the country relative to lands for sale in their respective lo calities. He next went to the office of Wmi. Baker, who directed him to a piece of property for sale in the vicin ity of Manhattan. 'lakinig a street car, he rode down to the city limits, then-walking to the place to which he had been directed by Mr. Baker, saw the person residing there, looked at the land, and set out upon his re turn to the hotel shortly after sun down. When he had almnst reached the terminus of the street railroad lie met two mneui wnho 'pnssed him. in a mu nient or two afterwards he suddenly felt a sack thrown over his head and shoulders, by some person conning up froin behind, while a second party caught him aronud the waist, both robbers crushing him down to the ground in a most cruel manner. The old main struggled desperately with I his assailants at first, but when one of them said, ''1)-n him, if he don't lie still knife him!" Briggs ceased to re sist, and suhtered then to remove a belt containing $2200 which he had ;round his waist, and also to take a purse, which held about $10. They then disappeared, the old gentleman thinks, in the direction of Manhattan. I)nring the struggle Briggs had re ceived injuries which comnpletely dis abled him, so that he was compelled to lie helpless in the ditch ly the side of the rode. He thinks lie must have remained there half an hour before hie could inake any of the persons in the passing team hear his weak cries and comie to his assistance. At last a gen tlemani passing in a buggy heard the call for help, and, according to his request, conveyed hitm to the Whip ple House, where lie was cared for. In making his statement to our re porter, last evening, lie says he is a native of New York, but removed to near Kansas City, Mo. Having lost his only remaining child there, a son, and becoming possessed of a desire to return Eastward, hIe camne as far as Chicago some time last August, and where his tamily, consisting of a wife and two grandchildren, now reside. lie is sixty-tour years old, with hair almost entirely white, and as lie lay upon the bed in the room at the Wnhipple House, last evening, noai nug with pain, and inquiring what lie should do, as the villains had robbed inhim of all the money he possessed in the world-it was a scene well calcu lIted to draw forthi the utmost syna patiny. A Nabob's Visit to New York. [Ac told by Mark Twain in his new took entitled "Roughing It, now in press. It is a sample of the good things contained therein.] In Nevada there used to be current the story and adventure of two of her nabo1s, which may or may not have occurred. I give it for what it is worth. Colonel Jim had seen somewhat of the world, and knew iuore or less of its ways ; but Colonel Jack was from the back settlements of the States, had led a life of arduous toil, and had never Seen a city. TheIse two, blessed with sudden wealth, projected ia visit to New York -Colonel Jack to see the sights, and Colonel Jim to guard his unsopihisti cation froiu mijstortune. They reach ed Saln Francisco in the night and sailed iln the mnorniig. Arrived ili New York, Colonel Jack said: I've heard tell of carriages all my life, and now I mean to have a ride in one(; I don't care what it costs. Come I along. They stepped on the sidewalk, and Colonel Jiun called a stylish harouche. But Colonel Jack said: No, sir ! None of your (heap-John turn-outs for me. I am here to have a good time, and money nin't no oh ject. I nean to have the nobbiest rig that's going. Now. here comes the very trick. Stop tha~t yaller o'e with the pictures on it--don't you fret-I'll stand all the expense myself, So Colonel Jim stopped the empty omnibus and they got in. Said Colonel Jack : Ain't it gay, though ' Oh no, I reckon not. Cushions, and windlowiiose ind pictures till you can't rest. What r would the boys say if they could set us cutting a swell like this in New York I By George, I wish they could see us. Then he put his head out of the window and shouted to the driver: Say, Johnny, this suits me-suits yours, truly, you bet you! I want this shebang all day. I'm on it, old main ! Let 'em out ! Make 'em go! We'll make it all right to you, sonny. r The driver passed his hand through ! the strap hole and tapped for his fare it was before the gongs came into common use. Colonel Jack took the hand and shook it cordially. He said: You twig me, old pard ! All right r between gents. Smell of that and see how you like it c And he put a twenty dollar gold j piece in the driver's hand. After a c moment the driver said he could not º make change. Bother the change! Ride out. Put it in your pocket. Then to Colonel Jim, with a sound ing slap on his thigh: Ain't it style, though I Hanged if l don't hire this thing every day for a! week. The omnibus stopped and a young lady got in. Colonel Jack started for i a moment, then nudged Colonel Jim a with his elbow. . " Don't say a word," he whispered. Let her ride if she wants to. Gra cions, there's room enough." The young lady got her portemon naic and handed her fare to Colonel, Jack. What's this for I" he said. Give it to the driver, please." " Take back your money, madamue. W e can't allow it. You are welcome a to i ride here as long as you please, a but the shebang is chartered, we shan't let you pay a cent." The girl shrank into one corner be wildered. An old lady with a basket climbed in and protlered her fare. Excuse me," said Colonel Jack. You are perfectly welcome here, madame, but we can't allow you to 1 pay. Set right down there mum, and don't you feel the least uneasy. Make yourself as free as if you were in your tarn-lint." Within two minutes three gentle men, two fat wometi and a couple of children entered. " Come right along, frieinds," said Colonel Jack, " don't mind us; this is a free blow-out." T'[len he whispered to Colonel Jim: "New York ain't no sociable place1 ; I don't reckon it ain't no name fir it." He resisted every effort to pass fares to the driver, and made everybody cordially welcome. The situation dawned on the people, and they pocketed their money, and delivered themselves tip to covert enjo iment of the episode. Half a dozen more pas sengers entered. "Oh, there is plenty of room," said Colonel Jack. `" Walk right in, and make yourselves at home. A blow out aini't worth :nythung as a blow out unless a body has company." Then, in a whisper to Colonel .Jiar " But ain't these New Yorkers friend ly ? And ain't they cool about it, too I Icebergs ain't anywhere. I reckon they'd tackle a hearse, if it was going their way." More passengers got in ; more yet, and still more. Both seats were filled, and a file of men were standing up, holding to the cleats overhead. Par ties with baskets and bundles were climbing up on the root. Iialf-sup pressed laughter rippled up from all sides. Well, for cleni, cool, out-and-out cheek, if this don't bang anything that ever I saw Pin an lij un," whispered 1 Colonel Jack. A Chinamuan crowded his way in. "'I weaken ! " said Colonel Jack. " Hold on, driver ! Keep your seats ladies and gents. Just make your selves free-every thing's paid for. Driver, rustly these folks around as long as they're a mind to go-friends of ours, you know. Take them every where, and if you want more money, conmi to the tt. Nicholas, and we'll make it all right. Pleasant journey to you, Iadies and gents; go it justas long as you please-it shia't cost you Ia c nt!" 'hTie two comrades got out, and I Colonel Jack said: " Jimmy, it's the sociahlest place I ever saw. The Chinaman waltzed in as comfortable as anybody. If we'd staid awhile I reckon we'd have some niggers. By George! we'll have to bar ricade our doors to-night, or soniic of these ducks will be trying to sleep with uts." The Arkansas Tragedy. One week from yesterday a terrible tragedy was enacted in this city, by Iwhich an erring womian wix hurried into eternity in the space of five short minutes, a man in the full flush of young life was prostrated by it nall from a deadly weapon, and the prime motor attetmlptedl to take his own lite. Our readers have ha1d daily bulletins in regard to the condition of the would be-suicide, and the second victim of his 1rezy li Thlis one, A. D. LalthIop , has received ;eiminent medical atten din , and care, and it was thought by i tiriends that he would eventual ly get well. The ball which penetra ted his bowels, lodged near the spinal column, and was extracted on the 6th of this nulonth, three days after the af fair. Yesterday morning at 1 o'clock, Lathrop, who had one or two conges tive chills, was observed by Captain Green, who was watching by his bed side, to bound in the bed and turn over on his left side. The Captain called assistance from the next room, but an investigation disclosed the fact that he was dead. The Coroner's jury returned a verdict that A. D. Lathrop I had come to his death at 1 o'clock, Jan. 9, 1872, by a ball froml a pistol in the hands of 'Thomas Newcombe, on the morning of Jan. 2, 1872. Lathrop's i remlains will be taken by his father to Hudson, New York, to-davyh He was º about '2-yeart old.-- Tuttle Ri'ek Repubh. The Secret ol, Bret Harte. [E. P. Whipple in the Indld iºndlent.) Bret Harte is a thoroughly .educated man, sympathizing with the finest .re suilts of thought and culture, and gift ed with a delicacy and depth of feel ing which even Tennyson would not disown. His best interpretations are undoubtedly subtle interpretations of the "roughs" but he does his work all the more powerfully because he i> individuafly raised above the eoarse creatures whose subterrtukeaui virtue he detects and depicts.. The .repul sive outside does not conceal from his sharp eye the presence of some of the noblest qualities of human nature. still. he ever looks down on what he represents. In none of his stories does he place himself on a moral or intellectual level with his subjects. The sentiment of humanity is all that connects himi with his vividly con ceived and boldly drawn charactere. The characteristic poems and stories of Bret Harte bear as in the theory of his genius and puiuilarity. lie has great sharpuess of uwrely external observation ; le has also great depth of moral insight. Personally fasti dious in the matter of taste, he has an eye wide open to the merits of the people who shock all his notions of tastsl. He interprets rude poaulations, which he at the same time condemns. In short, lie is a poet and humorist, vividly producing new and fresh forms of human character, but careful to throw them into just relations with their betters. lie shows that the blockguards are not so bad as they appear; but in thus vindicating hii man nature in the person of its worst representatives, lie indicates a faith in humanity which austere moralists have too often overlooked. Bret Harte conies forward as the interpret: er of the " rougiis," only on grounds whiih will eventually extinguish ruf tianism. He touches that Vital virtue in their inmost souls which will in the end regenerate their coarse natures. He may be tolerant of their besetting sins, but his toleration is of that sort which tends to lift rather than to jus tify them. In short, he is thoroughly I Christian in the sentiment which di rects equally his humor and his pathow, thongh he is artistically careful to conceal his end in his means, to teach imnorality while seeming to dispense with it. The real danger to literature in Bret narte's success will spring from his imitators. His subjects are in themselves vulgar; lie redeenmi their vulgarity by his genius. Tempted by his popularity, scorei of clever writers will rush to the gold mine lie has discovered and try to ap propriate its treasures. They must fail, for they will simply further vul garize the vulgarity which Bret iarte has succeeded in idealizing. Thu real literature of ruffianism begins, and we trust, will end in Bret Hawte. Public Life and Liquor in En gland. [Front London Time,;.] A well known correspondent steps forward to-day to the chief point in the great question of this present day. It is the public life of this country that is now on its trial. As human nature is constituted in this part of the world, strong drink is a necessary concomitant of public life. Of course the necessity of the link will be de nied, as we shall be told that public, life can he, and, indeed, is, conducted without these dangerous stimulants and restoratives; but when the peo ple who say this also tell us, it is to be feared, too truly, that the inhabitants of these Isles spend ahundred millions a year in strong drink, for the most part with the utmost publicity, they admulit what is as good as necessity fhr the purposes of this question. More over, what is on trial is strictly and only public life ; for it is the puiblic. houses we all have our eyes upon. Our icorrespondent observes, what in deed, all know, but some choose to blink, that working-men, indeed, all our countrymen, must have soeiety. It is a universal, natural, wholesome craving; and ii iayt be said that cv erybody, whatever his calling, rank and position, is the better for trequent, tree conversation with his equals at leist, iund occasionally with tho.se above and below him. A class which claims itself to meet in sot iety, v ith every appliance which cail open tile hieart, quicken the sptrit, and set f1ce the tongue, can only deny this h1appi hess to other classes upon the s pph tition of their being its brutal, mu mr able slaves. Of course there is a gootn deal of talk about the laborer or the working man spending his ev enuings at home in the nosomt of his tantily, but the British hearth only requires to be described, as it too often exists, to be found a sad illusion. There iit a good deal that we may ay- on this subject, and a good deal also that ie have t,, right whatever to say, it be ing simpley ar, impertinence. Wt have it right to say to the working mtan that tie ought not to get drunk, that he ought not to spend on ltu drink what it due to his wife and chii dren, his creditors, or his own better mnent ; that *lie ought not to make himself a public nuisance or a mere beast; but we have no right to tell himt when lie feels the want of a slight stimulantt, or craves for social inlter conulnunicatiou, that it is not for such as he is to demand the costly indll r gences. Public life is an essential I part of the life of all countries. 'Tht, * climate and the several industrial re iquiremlenits of this country prevent ithat social illtyteourse.