aonailbsanbille 8 bif,
Published very Oattitday,
ýubscri _on Prie, 1` 1 olla . . Y
LINDEN E. BENTLEY,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
Saturday, " June 14, 1873.
The captured Modocs ore to be
sired by sert-martial.
St.iell, the murderer of Fisk, has
been granted a new trial by the New
York Court of Appeals.
The Red Riper 'Year reports two
ogecideas and one suicide in Natchi
t.ches parish last week.
The Lake R&publica of Carroll par
Mh is one of the lirest country journals
upon our aSchange list, while the
Crescew s ity leads our city exchanges
in spice and vim.
Wu regret to lorn tuast lion. Mor
timer F. Smith has been compelled to
rBsi the position of Deputy Collec
tor Internal Revenue of this district
ao ,gcwount of ill health,
Mr. Norman Whitney, a promiuent
~w Orleans merchant, has been ar
rested, charged with the crime of
arson ij setting fire to his own store.
Much credit is awarded the Metropol
itan detectives by the city press for
the manner in whiclh the case was
' worked up,"
The 4ttakqypas aegister, published
at Franklin, St. Mary parish, has
chaned hands, Mr. Emerson Bentley
;etiring from tlhe cditorial chair and
being suoceeded by M~r. J, R, Jolley,
who has our wishes for his success.
The Planter's Ban ecr , also published
in Frgoklin, disappears fronu the jour
lalistic world, and the Bra shear News.
will ftlfIJ the advertising and sub
criptioa contracts of the defunct jour
Our 'f devil" suggests that the best
manner it wlhic to solve the problem
of "What shall be done with Captain
Jack I" would be to rent him out to
seme enterprising menagerie man for
exhibition throughout the country, de
Votiug the funds thus realized to re
imbursing the Government for the
expense eieurred in suppressing the
Modocs. The idea is submitted to
the Indian Commissioners, free of
charge, with the recommendation that
it Ihe maturely considered.
Woodp's HoI'USEljnO.L) M.AGAZINE.
'The Juun ninm ber is just the book for
the family circle! Just the dear old
household imagazine we used to greet
so gladly. Tihe articles are not so
heavy; there are more stories; not
trashy, sensational colmpositions, but
such as bear throughout a strong in
fluenae for all that is good, and pure,
ind true, A noticeable feature is that
there is somaething helpful, encourag
ing, comforting upon almost every
page, a bright face like this is needed
in every houschold. The children's
department is fully up to its standard,
and printed in much bitter type. As
to make-up of magazine, we notice a
great improvement. A temperance
story isannouneed hereafter, for every
pnumber. H. V. Osborne (Tenoroon)
lhas been recalled as editor, and assumes
the entire management. Subscription
price only one dollar a year. Address
Wood's llouselhold Mlagazine, New
burgh, New York,
Pstersoa's Migaline for July, 1873,
is a superb number. Themre is no mag
szine offering similar attractions upon
our table. The magnificent steel en
graving of "The Young Harvester,'
is full of the most suggestive beauty,
and feeling. Two children lmong the
golden headed wheat, one with sickle
in hand leads, with the rake, her sis
ter, who draws after her a tiny wagon
load of fow.ts, The pure sweet
breath of the sunmmer is int this beau,
tiful picture. Then there is a lady's
slipper pattern, colored; a steel fash
ion plate, tinted and colored with ex
quisite delicacy,whose perfect accuracy
of fashion may he relied upon, for
Peterson leads all the others in its
fidelity to Fashion, Mris. Ann S. Ste
phens' enchanting novel of "The Lost
Inheritance," is continued, and grows
more excitim)g with each new page.
All of its man}- departments are filled
with pleasant, useful or entertaining
reading. Remuember, it is the cheap
est of the lady's books! To single
,ubscribers it is $2.00 a year, To
clubs it is cheaper still, viz,, 5 copies 1
for $8,00, or 8 copies for $14.00, with
both an extra copy and a splendid
premium engraving to the person get
ting up the club, Specimens are sept I
gratis to those wishing to get up clubs. I
Address C. J. Peterson, 306 Chestnut t
STORY OF A MONUNENT
Somni thirty-five years ago there
stod Spot the +merican shore of the
i9IagaM river, *ar the great fadls, a;
granite mnonument surnwuntad by a
beautiful marble statue of the gallant
Frenchman who proved such a noble
friend to our country in her hour of
dire distress-the famous Lafayette.
This statue was the impersonation-
so to speak-f all that is beautiful in
the sculptor's art, and great was the
adnmiration its fine proportions ex
cited among the thousands of visitors
who yearly thronged the region round
about to gaze upon the greatest natu
ral curiosity of the kind the world can
boast-the stupendous falls. For
years this marble image of an illus
trious man had stood in majestic si
lenes, keeping guard, as it seemed,
o'er the scething, angry flood beneath,
apparently assuming by day the air
of a commander of the waters, but in
the mellow moonlight invested with
the aspect of a lonely, melancholy
watcher, waiting for one who came
not; ;and none who saw it in those
days but thought it would remain in
its position hundreds of years to
come, when the dust of a dozen future
generations of human beings was
nmouldering beneath the surfaice of the
great Mother Earth. Alas for the fal
libility of the expectation.
One bright and lovely morning
in the pleasant month of June, just
as the first rays of the rising sun
glinted through the tree-tops, and the
air was fllled with the merry twitter
ings of the awakened birds and redo
lent with the fragrance of roses and
sweet-smelling shrubs, and the earth
looked her lovliest in a beautiful dew
covered mantle, and all nature seemed
rejoicing-a blasted "Injun" came
along with a pound of powder and
blew the monument all to flinders !
DARWINISM AND POLITICS.
MR. EDITOR :
Perhaps no doctrine, theory or creed
was so generally misunderstood and
misrepresented as the Darwinian hy
pothesis. To the ordinary mind Dar
winism is nothing but a huge joke
about monkeys and men. To the the
ological mind it is extremely profane,
because it accounts for the origin of
the human race after a fashion very
different from the account given by
Moses as it has heretofore been inter
preted. To the scientific mind it has
ever been a question of such startling
originality as to be regarded as rather
too extreme an innovation upon all
received hypotheses to win for it im
mediate support. But there can be no
question as to the fact that it is rapid
ly gaining favor. Several very emi
nent and learned ecclesiastics of the
Roman Catholic church have recently
written of it in a tone quite respect
ful, indeed so much so that it is quite
doubtful whether they are opposed to
itat all. Among men of science it has
certainly made very rapid p'ogress.
Though exactly contrary to all pre
conceived ideas of things they admit
that it has sufficient foundation to war
rant futher investigation. Heretofore
there has never been a theory of tile
origin of life except that furnished
by theology. The opposition of the
theologians is brought against it be
cause it is an entry upon a field here
tofore, by common consent, occupied
exclusively by themselves. They
claim that science is passing beyond
its proper limits when it undertakes
to account for the origin of things,
and that in so doing it becomes FALSE
science. The Darwinists, however,
reply that all attemps to limit science
to any particular field, or to forbid
its passing beyond any established
bounds, are and must ever be futile.
They point to the theological Canutes
of the past who have held aloft their
mitres and cried, " thus far shalt thou
come, but no farther," without avail.
They cite the cases of Galileo, Kepler,
Brunot, Laplace and Christopher Co
lunbus, each of whom was censured
for daring to advance theories not con
distent with the theology of the times
in which they lived.
But whether Darwinism lives or
lies, it has now reached that point at
a-hich it is to be classed among the
:espectable. It can not be put down
my ridicule. Though it is not snp
yorted by the majority of scientific
nen, yet it is believed in by so many,
lnd is being investigated by so many
fore, eminent scientists that it can
ºe laughed at no longer. When HIer
pert Spencer, Professors Tyndall and
luxley, Sir Charles Lyell, Sir John
,ubbock, Sir William Bagehot and
cores of such men announce their
iith il the doctrine it is time its op
onants should try methods other I
ban mere ridicule.
!!aving extended itself over the I
ground claimed exclusively for theol
ogy i is jow Lakiay oait on
groun1i0 npd~ which it was no iped
ed. Il as tered .e fieldi politise,
aid nos una.i takes to denmonsrate
to the politicians that there is a fun
damental error underlying the opin
ions always heretofore received with
out question. To professional politi
cians, as to professional theologians,
it is an unweleome intruder. It is not
pleasant.to be told that the doctrines
of "natural selection" and "the sur
vival of the fittest" are applicable to
governments and to political parties.
They have along been making the
people believe that the control of such
things was entirely in their own hands.
While admitting the general truth of
the proposition that all things are
governed by immutable, inexorable
law, they mould make just one ex
ception, that of politics. To be in
formed that only such governments
and such parties can survive as are
best adapted to the surroundings and
the times, or (to borrow a term from
the scientists) the environment, is
not consistent with their professions
of ability to tear down and build up
forms of government and political
parties at their own sweet will.
A close and thorough examination
of these doctrines as applied to gov
ernmnental and political affairs will
dissipate all causes for alarm. It is
painful to have our old idols torn down
before our eyes and new ones set up
in their places. But, as applied to
politics, Darwinismn is really the most
pleasant and satisfactory faith that
one can have. Without undertaking
to follow the processes of reasoning
(for that would require volumes) I
may state briefly what I conceive to
be the conclusions to be reached by
assuming the correctness of the hy
pothesis of natural selection as applied
to politics. Darwinism would teach
us that we have, and may expect to
have the best form of government that
is possible under the present stage
of human development, that that po
litical party will have control of the
interests of the nation that is best
adapted to meet the wants of the age
and of the country. It teaches us that
there are better things in the future
for the human race, that there are
great inducements to philanthropists
to put forth strenuous efforts for the
bettering of the condition of their fel
low imen, that no good deed can be
without its effect. P.
OUR WASHINGTON LETTER.
.a.I.%sINGrToN, I). C., June 7, 1873.
EDIT Rn ('II:F:
The trouble concerning the postal
cards is not ended. The department
has been making an attempt to have
the quality of the paper improved,
and to that end sent a special agent
to the works of the Morgan Envelope
Company at Springfield, where they
are made, with instructions to see that
none are printed on inferior paper.
For some reason that company has
stopped work on the cards entirely,
and for upwards of a week not a card
has been printed. The contract with
this company was for 25,000,000 cards,
but scarcely a third of that number
have been furnished. The price paid
by the government will not cover the
expense of furnishing them, and the
company is losing money, but no
blame can be attached to the Post
Office Department, as the sample of
the card and the quality of the paper
were definitely settled before the con
tract was made, and there could not
possibly be any misunderstanding as
to its terms.
It is not known whether this com
pany will attempt to go on and fill
the contract or whether they will give
it up. Cases are occurring every day
in which parties make contracts with
the government for services, material,
etc., at ruinously low prices, and when
they find they have burnt their fingers
they throw the blame on the govern
ment. To some men there is a charm
in having it to say they are govern
ment contractors. The Morgan En
velope Company seem to have been
determined to obtain a contract at all
hazards, and now both itself and the
government are suffering because of
their folly in bidding so low.
Postmaster General Cresswell has
concluded to not rescind the contract
with the White Star Line for the car
rying of the European mails. The
officers of that line were required to
show cause why the contract with
them should not be abrogated and
they appeared the day before yester
dlay by their attorney, Hon. Edwards
Pierrepont. The contract calls for
six steamers making regular weekly
trips. A clause is inserted whereby
-he company forfeits $5,000 for each
ailure to take out the mails at the
equired time. Between the date of
the contract-Oct. 1, 1872,-and the
17th of .y had n fiv .fail
after the failure of the company to
perform their part.L ince the loss of
the Atlantic this company has been
in a somewhat crippled condition and
really unable to carry the mails as
freqdently as Is required. Theft
steamers are the fastest vessels afloat,
but they have not enough of them.
It is proposod, however, to put in for
the present two of their steamers now
in South America. Two now steamers
are being built for this line, the Ger
manic and Brittanle, and it is claimed
that they will be faster than any ves
sels ever before launched.
The Inman Line and the North
German Lloyd are competitors for
this service in case it should be taken
from the White Star. But Mr. Cress
well has decided to let the contract
stand for the present. It expires by
limitation on the 31st of next Decem
ber. All other contracts for the Eu
ropean mail service expire at the same
time, and Mr. Cresswell is anxious to
so arrange the mails after that time
that there will be four mails sent out
from New York each week on four
different days of the week.
The steamer Frolic, the vessel that
was despatched by the Secretary of
the Navy to convey that portion of
the crew of the Polaris who were res
cued from the ice floe on the 30th of
April, arrived off the Navy Yard the
evening before last with her charge on
board. The survivors, nineteen in
number, were interviewed yesterday
by Secretary Robeson, Commander
Reynolds, Professors IIHenry and Baird
of the Smithsonian Institute, and Cap
tain Brown of the United States Sig
nal Service, but no other persons are
permitted to communicate with them.
The investigation had not, up to yes
terday afternoon, progressed farther
than the direct and cross-examination
of Mr. Frederick Myer, meteorologist,
and John Herne, steward. The other
survivors are Captain II. C. Tyson,
assistant navigator; W. C. Kruger,
Fred. Jamka, William Nindemann,
Fred. Antinig, G. F. Linguist and
Peter Johnson, seaman; William
Jackson, cook; Esquimaux, Joe, inter
preter; Hannad and child, Esqui
maux; Hans Christian, wife and four
Mr. Robeson is not at all satisfied
with the statements published in the
papers, and proposes to get at the
facts concerning the condition of the
expedition by inclans of a thorough
investigation. Each one of the sur
vivors will be examined separately
their evidence taken down in writing
and when completed tuned over to
Professors Henry and Baird, who will
make an early report upon the same.
It was amusing to witness the ef
forts of the representatives of the
daily newspapers to obtain some infor
mation from these survivors. Secre
tary Robeson had, previous to their
arrival, ordered that a strict guard be
kept over the vessel and all approach
es to her, in order that no one might
question these persons. Men belong
ing to the crew of the Frolic had to
come on shore, but no sooner were
they on terra firma than they were
beset with eager questions as to what
they had learned from the Polaris
folks. It was evident that they too
had their orders and that they knew
how to obey them, for to every ques
tion the answer was, "I don't know
any thing about it."
The report of the National Com
missioner of Education will be dis
tributed during the present month.
It is a volume of about one thousand
pages, and is a compendium of the
educational progress of each State
during the past year.
The Commissioner in his statement
discusses at considerable length the
leading educational questions of the
day. The appendix contains several
valuable papers upon special subjects
by some of our leading thinkers and
writers. Perhaps the article that
will be of most interest to the general
reader is that entiiled " The Value of
Common School Education to Com
mon Labor," by Dr. Edward Jarvis of
New England. He treats of educa
cation as affecting the wood-sawyer,
the coal-heaver, the grindstone-tur
ner, the mechanic, etc.
Congress placed but five thousand
copies of the Educational Report un
der the control of the Commissioner
for distribution, and he informs me
that this number is already nearly, if
not entirely, promised. The entire
edition will amount to twenty thous
and copies, which, with the exception
of the Commissioner's five thousand
copies, will be distributed by Senators
and Representatives on application to
te afici urt of fish Irrt
'~terS ofbe oae4as succgd
so welt that the experiment is to be
tried in the Western rivers. A few
years ao the Poem c was stocked
with bass brought from some of the
rivers west of the Alleghany Moun
tains, and now it is literally crowded
t.hii them. A fIew days since the
commi!ioner from the state of Mich
igan came on here to get a quantity
of shad roes with which to stock some
of the rivers of that State. He was
furnished with fifty thousand, which
he has taken to Detroit. The same
number has also been sent to West
Virginia to be distributed in the Kan
awha and Greoenbrier rivers. The
hatching has been quite successful and
in a short time there will be a supply
sutficient for the entire West,
According to the dispatches received
yesterday from Vienna the American
department of the great exposition is
getting in shape. It is said "the
novelties surpass those from any other
country." Steam was applied to the
machinery and every thing bids fair
for a successful exhibition of American
enterprise. When Mr. Schultz, the
successor of General Van Buren, took
charge of our affairs he found every
thing in utter confusion. Exhibitors
disheartened, and it seemed that the
United States was doomed to disgrace.
By his energy and perserverance
he has brought order out of chaos, and
the Department of State now has faith
to believe that our people will acquit
themselves to their own credit and
to that of the country.
Mr. A. D. White, President of Cor
nell University, has been tendered
and has accepted the chairmanship of
the Bureau of Education at the expo
sition, and ex-Governor E. D. Morgan
of New York, has been appointed
chairman of the Bureau of Commerce.
These are both important positions,
and these gentlemen will fill them
with honor. ALERT.
We learcn from the St. James &nati
nel of Wednesday that J. W. Hun
saker, the defaulting President oi
the Parish School Board of St. James,
has left the State. Our friend Mr. V.
E. M. Anderson signed a bond of $500f
for the appearance of Mr. Hunsakes
before the District Court, and we feal
he has got into trouble thereby. We
should be sorry to see such an estim
able and honorable gentleman as Mr.
Anderson suffer for the acts of a con
fessed swindler, and we hope he may
in some manner escape from the di
lemma without being forced to forfeit
the amount of the bond.
New Orleans is to have a fruit fair
at Expoeition Hall, commencing on the
17th day ooi July.
NVIENTORM and others interested in
PA TENT BUSINESS shblid address
Eds.o Bros., Patent Lawyers and So
licitors, 459 SrT ST., WAsuIIGCTOr, D. C., for
Advice and Circular.
1f we report an invention patentable we
are willing to wait for our fee until a patent
Letter from Hon. D. P. HOLaow Ar, for
mer Commissioner of Patents, dated Wash
ington, March 30, 1868:
'"I cheerfuilly conmmend to all persons who
may have business in the Patent Office the
ir-n of Edlsn Bros.. as gentlemen of prompt
bucsiness habits, and in every respect worthy
la" I concur in the above."-T. C. TnlEAKER,
late (Core. Pats.
JOHN W. FRAZEE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITOR OF PATENTS,
90-...... Seventh Street,.......909
WIASHINYGTO-N D. C.
sT. CLOUD HOTEL,
Corner Ninth and P Streets,
Washifgton, D. C.,
On the American and European Plans.
The most central location in the City.
Opposite thie Patent Office, Masonic Temple,
and one block from the General POst-Office
The F Street and NJinth Street Cars eon,
mtunicating with the Capitol, Executive Ma,
sion, Tlreatcry, War, and N"avy Departnent,.
nd trhe B. i 0. acnd B. t P. Depots, pass the
N. B.-Take F Street Cars at B. & O. De
pot and get out at 9th street. Take 9th
Street Cars at B. & P. Depot and get out at
F street. J. E. LYON, Prop.
'7Cut this out., Pr
THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
OF WASHINGTON, I). C.
IAdvertisements inserted in papers in
every section of the country
in thoer than those of any other agency
in the United SJtate,.
-Advertisers will consult their own best
uterest iy adcldressing
PEN'NYWITT, .ENNETT & CO
Boa :.34:, Washington, I).
lIIE "VICTOR" S. M. CO'S
NEW SEWING MACIINE
" VICTOnR -
runs very Easy,
Runs very Fast,
Runs very Still.
las a New Sihnttle superior to all others.
=reat Improvements in Needle.
('an not be Set ron.
!i Agents Wanted. Addres Wron.
"TIIH E VICTOR,, Si M. C'O
-j.4'Tenth St., i 1doors we.st of jlioafo- ir.
U e >fý - M isrslsal , r ;
pi e .Can .s. Theodule Mire
Fifth Circuit ant District of Louisja,
By virtue of a writ of seizure andl , t
mne directed in the above entitled att, .
proceed to sell to the highest bidder oi
Saturday, the 5th o. o ,
in tlhe town of Donaldsonvailoivile,
ension, the follsowing 4i(iacL
A certaln tract of land situated it
parish of Ascension on the right kth
Mississippi river at the place knoewa
the name of the "New River 8e
and lying on both sides of New Riv r
deteadthe upbr M Aw 'thie o
New River by lands of Nicho Do
and on the left bank by lande L
Etiemne Reine; and on the lower [
right bank of New river by lands b! g
to Vincent Paul Landry and knows ny uh
name of the "Sherman tract," sl an
left bank by lands beionging to lI
noux. Said tract containing ab j1
2nd. Another parsel of land Newd ia
the same parish and neighborhood, lb n
both sides of New river, bounded o
the right bank of said river bt en
herein above described, and on t
by lands belonging to Simon L ,
below on boIth sides of said aver byJ.os
erty known as the " DoresnI Landry t
said parcel of land oontaining ablot tlir.
Ave supetlQlal srp·nts.
3rd. Another tract of land seta e
same parish and neighborhood, b k
the upper line on both sides of Nte.°loi
by the parcel of land herein above
described and on the lower lie
bank of New River by lands .I o
V. A. Gauthreaux frere and on the l
by lands belonging to Marcelin Brand,
said tract containing about thirtynt
ficial acres, together with the b t
improvements on said tracts or. p, t
land and the standing erop th theea=--'
cattle on said land used for its
and the farming utaSl~ae _ i4
thereto beoonginag, as per envera7 snu .
Terms-Cash on the spot.
United States Marshal's Office, 1.. Or
leans, May 24th, 1873.
S. I. PACKARD, U.S. .r lial.
J OIIN 8. DUNHAM'S
for PURITY and STRENGTH are 1J1.
EQUALLED. All honusekeepers w* Be
them like them. Try themn I uer poer
has them! Sold by all Wholeseale.err
in New Orleans.
NE. .. WILlSaig,
Boot and - hoe Saler,
In the building adjoining the Wharf,
Respectfully announees to his friends arl
the public in general that he is propescd to
mak.e boots and shoes of the Iarr beI ma
terial to order, and guarantees all hi Rork
to give satisfaction. TFerms rfrieffy .
I am also the agent for the F I1rLE &
LYON, the HOME hIlUTTLE; awl tlh
WILSON SHUTTILE Sewing Machiums,ll
of improved pattern, which I will sell at
pricns varying from
*S3 to *eo.
l'er.rns of limited means can.procure a
machine by paying hart cash down, the Ial.
ance receivable in moathly instaltmeats.
SEWINO MACHINES REPARIED
at reasonable rates. Satfsfactory workoera
pay. GIVE MEl A QtALL.
my3 iH. H. WILLERS.
WHROLUSALE AND RETAIL DEALPI 1N
BOOTS & SHOES,
IIATS &, CAPS,
Corner Mlissioippi andt Lesard Stre*s,
Dleu ldseaorte'e,. La.
Special public attention is caled the
large stock of saddlery, harness and baggier
conastantly kept on hand at Mr. Iaraes es.
tablishment, and for sale at greatly
ja4-ly Call and examine his Goods.
Attorney & Counselor at Law,
ADDREs :--Convent P. O.. St. Tames,
RF$SIDECP :-ILoagview, St. James FPls.
Practices in all the courts of the PsMut
Judicial Distriet-parishea of St. Jaes, S.
John the Baptist. St. CharlesandAaee -
and in the Supremae Court of thi .le
New Orleans. 7a
LAW AND NOTARIAL OlPIE.
R. N. & Winm. Sln,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Practice in Ascension, Assumption al It.
ENiRY C. DIBBLE,
Attorney & Cownselor ats jsw,
AND NOTARY PUBLIC,
170 Common Street (ULp sta5im
mhS-ly NEw OauzAs, L.
J. D. AUGuJSTnT L. DEPOORTIE,
St. CharlesP. O., La. Edgard P. ., Is
Augastin & DePoorter,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Will practice in all the parishes of the 4th
Judicial District. and before the Sure's
Court of the State. norSe
TlE , JOIINSO'IAN INSTIT'TE" 84'
Lots upon which it is situated are . "ted.
for sale by consent of the Bishop of th* i"s
"us. anti the vestry and presiding miaitr
of the Church of Ascension.
For terms and conditions apply to
E. N. PUI'GH, Tresanm
Donaldeonville, March 15. 1:53.
Donaldsonville Boys' School
A PRACTICAL SCHooL
1oF Boys from six to twenty years of age.
Hours from 9 A. M. to 4 P. Y.
Arrangenents for board will be made'ith
private families for scholars living at a dia
"ance. For plarticpiuars address
W. Wt. BrFORD.
~ .~.I t,naldaviUtlle.
xml | txt