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THE DONALDSONYILLE CHIEF.
Ofilial Journal of the State of Louisiana, Pariah of Ascemuion and Town of Donaldsonville. VOLUME IV. DONALDSONVILLE, LA., SATURDAY, -SEPTEMBER 19, 1874. RUMR] 2. alnalbss nkille ý id. Amlous Humani (Generla. A Wide-Awake Home lewspaper, Published Every Saturday, at Donaldsonville, Asoension Parish, La., -BY LINDEN E. BENTLEY, EDITOR AND PnorPiRToa. TERMS OF SUBSORIPTION: dine copy, one year....................$3 00 4One copy, six montsa...............I 50 iix copies, one year ...................15 00 Twelve copies, one year ..............25 00 Payable invariably in advance. AD VERTISING RATES: fA square is the space occupied by ten lines Agate type, about J of an incbh. SQUARES. I mo. 2 mon. 3 mon. 6 mon. I year J square.. $ 300 $ 500 $ 650 $1100 $15 00 2 squares. 500 800 950 1500 2000 S-equares. 7 00 11 00 12 50 19 00 25 00 4 squares. 8 50 14 00 15 00 23 00 30 00 5 squares. 10 00 16 00 17 00 27 00 35 00 6 squaren. 11 50 1800 19 00 3000 40 00 7 squares. 13 50 20 00 21 00 3300 4400 8 squarea. 15 00 22 00 24 00 3600 4800 4 column. 2500 3250 4000 5000 70 00 } column. 35 00 4250 5000 7000 10000 I column. 4500 5250 6000 9000.12500 Transient advertisements $1 00 per square 4irst Insertion; each subsequent insertion, 75 cents. All official notices $1 00. per square each publication. Brief communications upon subjects of public interest solicited. No attention paid to anonymous letters. The editor is not responsible for the views of correspondents. Address: CHIEF, Donaldsonville, La. Meansr. Walker, Taylor & Co., advertising agents, 134 Palmitore street, Baltimore, Md., are authorized to act as agents foratheCni:r". gl Mr. Charles O. Doannud is invested with fui,.autbority to solicit advertisements and subscriptions for the CHIEF, in New Or leans mad elsewhere, and to receipt for pay ,muents therefor. POLITICAL DIRECTORY. "Union Repub. Oongiesional Committee. Z. CHANDLER, President. JOHN A. LOGQN, Vice President. A. H;. Cra gen, John Coburn, N. P. ekipman, 11. I. Havens, Eugene Ule, S. B. Conover~ Gleo. W. Hendee, J. W. Flanagan, Henry J. Pierce, James Wilson, J. M. Pendleton, G. W. Hazleton, H. H1. Stgrkweatuer, 8. O. Houghton, Thos. C, Platt, .J. R. Loflaud, Marcus L. Ward, H. B. Strait, Simop Cameron, J. H. Mitchell, Wm. J. Albert, R. A. Cobb, John P. Lewis, A. 1. Boremap, C. L. Cobb, Win. M. Stewart, Rich'd H. Whiteley, P. W. Hitchcock, Geo. IE. Spencer, Powell Clayton, Geo. C. McKee, S. B. Chaffee, J. Rodney West, R. C. McCormick, H. S. Bundy, S. B. Elkmns, J. M. Thornburg. Address communications to Hon. Z. Chan Alor, President, or to the Secretary of the Union Republican Congressiopal Cownittee, Washington, D. C. Republican OentraLExecutive Conmittee, State of Louisiana. S. B. PACKARD, President. JAMES LEWIS, Vice President. CHARLES HILL, Secretary. L. LAMANIEBE, Assistant See'y. J. R. G. PITKIN, Corresp'd'g Soc'y. B. F. JOUBERT, Treasurer. 5UB*EZECUTIV3 COMMITTEE. S. B. Packard, Chairman ex-officio. B. F. Flanders, James F. Casey, B. F. Joubert, C. W. Lowell, Michael Hahn, James Longstreet, James Lewis, C. C. Antoine, John S. Harris, T, T. Allain, R. A. Bray, F. Riard. FINANCE COMMITTEE. O. C. Blandin, Chairman. B. F. Joubert, P. B. S. Pinchback, C. F. Ladd, T. B. Stamps, Levi Darrall, John Gair, William F. Loan, J. L. Herwig, Thomas A Cage, L. E. Bentley. ADDITIONAL MEMBERS. E. W. Dewees, George Y. Kelso. Raford Blunt, Allen Greene, J. Ed. Burton, D. C. P. Hill, Louis J. Souer. Communcations should be addressed. to the president, Hon. S. B. Packard, New Or leans, La. Republican Congressional Committee Third District of Louisiana. P. G. DESLONDE of Iberville, President. Ascension............Louis Lefort, Assumption......Meyer Kahen, Cbalcasieu........... C. Barbe, Cameron.............L. I. Tansey, Iberia................P. M. Scule, Iberville.............George Randolph, Lafayette............F. Martin, Jafourche............William Murrell, St. Martin............Charles Neveu, St. Mary.........Noel Shadrick, Terrebonne .......W. H. Keys, Vermilion............J. A. Brookshier. Republican Parish Ezecutive Committee, Parish of Ascension. PIERRE LANDRY, President. L. E, BENTLEY, Secretary. P. A, JONES, Assistant Secretary. G, H, HILL, Treauwer. Loris Butler, Samuel H. Mullen, Charles X. Lewis, Isaac Jenkins, George Digs, Peter A. Jones, Owen White, Carpenter Jenkins. Willis Johnson, George Woodeide, Manuel Johnson, Pierre Landry, N. M. Conway, Louis Lefort, Robert Noel, Nathan Bays, Joseph Reynand, Frederiek F obb, L. Beut, Edward Canter, Beverly Wils, V. C. Cantreile, Gloster H. Hill, Albert Brandy, lillery Sice, Cabic Jackson, Calvin Cater, Charles Henry, I vote, J. Roberson, vote, iinaa, Joseph Carter, Jolty Gr~ves, Milton Morris, Augustus Kight, A. Stephen, i vote, lsar That"j oe Arthur Burnett, Cen Iatiwms hoolA be addressed to the eoieraz. L. E. Bentley, )oaaldsoavnlle. OUR TEXAS LETTER. Emigration Ponring in-Texas in 1880 Political Notes, etc., etao IHotsrow, TEXAS, September 11th, 1874. Ma. EDITon. That the influx of people l'ere this winter will be tremendous, there can be no doubt. In all probability not less than a quarter of a million will, within the next eight months, be ad ded to the population of Texas. They are coming from South Carolina to escape the ruin which broods over that State; they are coming from Georgia and Alabama to find virgin lands and new fields for enterprise; they are coming from Mississippi, be cause in all the fertile regions of that State, the land is already overworked, and outside of those regions is too barren to be cultivated; they are coming from Louisiana that they may leave a State burdened with a debt of more than fifteen per cent of her tax able values and which she can never pay, and will make their homes in one whose taxes need not be one sixth of those they are escaping. Ken tucky, Tennessee and Virginia will send their quota, as they always have in all western movements. Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Michigan were set tled thirty or forty years ago, by the restless population of the East which sought successfully to better its con dition there. The new generation has outgrown the contentment of the first settlers. The terrible five months of winter, in which there is ,neither snow enough for' sleighing, nor five days of dry weather enough to admit of the use of wheeled ve hicles; in which the temperature changes some times forty degrees in two hours; in which every fifth man you meet has a growing catarrh aed every other man a cold in the head; in which all farm operations are sus pen4ed, because impossible-this winter .they do not like and are going to leave it. They will also escape the intense heats of summer, where the thermometer goes up to 105 in the shade. T.he flow of population from these States will be even larger than from the Southern States, be cause with their desire to better their ,condition they couple senterpriso and push and vim, which are too much wanting in our more easy going peo ple of the South. They are coining IJl U1 LLV UI.U J. AHU.1 (hI UUUiuIug to show Texans how to produce wheat on every acre of their territory. They are coming to make Texas the garden and truck farm of America. New York and New England are following the contagious example, and they are the people who know what the Selado and the San Marcos, and the Comal and San Antonio rivers were made for; who will utilize rivers, which flow in an unvarying volume, and with thousand horse power current from beneath the hills, and which de scend by darning gradients for two hundred miles to the sea; and who know the value of a sheep country, where the finest wools can be grown at a cost of seven cents a pound. These people have been compelled to utilize their dimes, their half dimes and their copper cents, and to attach a value to them, and they will teach Texans that there are five times more fortunes wasted here by small heed lessness and minor extravagances, than are made, many as have been made. And overmatching the emigra tion from the Eastern States of America, will come the people of Germany and Great Britain, to whom Texas is indeed a land of promise and reward. How many people are in Texas now t In 1870 the census gave nearly a million, but the census was taken with great indifference. No man, for the pay allowed, could af ford to do the work. No man did the work of a single county. It was largely made up of guesses or necess arily of nothing. Texas had then r without doubt over a million of peo ple. That was four years ago. She has to-day a million and a half. Should the increase this year be a I quarter of a million, as all believe, and should this increase be kept up till 1880 Texas will have three mil lions, or one sixteenth of the whole population of the country. POLITICS in Texas are interesting just now, as the State is in the midst of an Ex citing Congressional Campaign. The i Democrats have held conventions in the various Districts and have put the following CANDIDATES IN TIHE PIELD: In the first district the Hon. Johu H. ReagAn, Postmaster General of the Confederate States during the war, was chosen. Col. David B. Calber son of Marion county, was nominated in the second district. Ex-Governor J. W. Throckmorton was the unani Inous choice of the third district. Hon. Roger O. Mills, the present represent ative, was the choice of the fourth district convention. Hon. John Han cock, present incumbent, after a bit ter fight between himself, Giddings and Shepherd, was chosen in the fifth. In the sixth a compromise was made on the Hon. Gustave Schleicher, Major John T. Breckenridge of San Antonio and Hon. F. S. Stockdale being the prominent aspirants. THE REPUBLICAN PARTY have made ne nominations as yet, but hold a convention at Waco, on the 15th, to nominate candidates or take such action as may be thought best for the Interestswf the party. TEXAS ENTERPRISE is hard to beat. A scheme is on foot hero now, to encourage emigration by the distribution of $146,000 in gold, houses and lauds throughout the State. Seventy-three thousand tickets are issued at $2 each. The enterprise is euderse4 by the Mayor and Council, and tho Manager, J. B. Foster, has the confidence of the entire com emunity. T. W. House, the wealthy banker of Houston, is Treasurer. Those contemplating moving to Texas should by all means send to Col. Foster, the Manager, for circulars, maps and pamphlets, descriptive of Texas. In answer to many inquiries I will say that the above enterprise is in no way connected with the Wagley and Lockart Distribution of this city. OCCASIONAL. The detectives have found Chaie Ross again, this time at Hudson, T. Y. Intelligence that it isn't him is expected by to-morrow. It is significant that, while carefully avoiding any public evpression of opinion on the subject, numbers of the leaders of the League party con demn privately the commission of the Coushatta butchery. A Mrs. Skippon attempted to cow hide a clerk in the Treasury Depart nment, at Washington, last week. The friends of the persecuted scribe ral lied to his aid, and the indignant fe male was compelled to skip on. Horace Maynard, one of the purest and ablest men in the South, has re- t ceived the Republican nomination for I Governor of Tennessee. If he fails of election, Tennessee may be classed t among the States so decidedly Demo cratic that no Republican can succeed I therein in political contests. New Orleans is " filling with U. S. troops," to use the language of a city I contemporary. Infan try, artillery and t cavalry are coming in from all direc- c tions and it is estimated that nearly e one-third of the entire army will be c concentrated in Louisiana within the 2 C next few weeks. Five gunboats lie in , the river at New Orleans. In Caddo, Morehouse, Franklin, St. Mary, East Baton Rouge and several t other parishes, the White Leaguers, i flushed with the fleeting triumph of t the New Orleans revolutionists, in- e stalled the Fusion candidates and Mc Enery appointees in the local offices. t Indications would seem to point to a s speedy undoing of all this work and r reinstatement of the legal officers. c Ii " t Every man should subscribe for the I local paper. Take the CHIEF. I The Two Parties---Which Shall s We Trust I [From the. Republic.] The Republicans are in power and I the Democrats are out. This is the sum and substance of the situation as between the two organizations. There are differences, of course, as a obvious as those between heaven and F hell, And there are discontented el- a ements in the camp of the one in ' power. Just here lies the strategy r of t opposition. They have no ai chauc hs by themselves or on their t own record. Whenever forced to c do so they find themselves ignomin- n jously defeated. Their only hope I i lies in presumed discontent within 4 the Republican camp. This they seek to foment by every possible trick. Like their Confederate allies of " lang syne," they are quite ready to strip the Union dead of their Fed eral uhlirm, and place the same on the backs of their own guerrillas, in order to enable the latter to arrange - ambuscades and surprises with more i ease and safety. What is to be guarded against is r whether or not there is aught but " treachery involved in Democratic pretenses ofsymzpatby with those who claim that the Republican party is not sufficiently progressive to satisfy I their views or the necessities of the - country. As we take note of such discontent, it arises from causes far other than such as the Democracy can handle. The general drift of all the discussion on transporta monopolies, and legislation, tariff and revenue, &c., &c.,-the whole brood; in fact, of economic issues which have I grown out of the new conditions con sequent upon the rise and progress of a complex and scientific order of pro duction and wealth-making-and of the remedies which are demanded to correct evils that arise from such con ditions, are altogether of a different character from those which have shaped the views, traditions, and policy, or animate the present hopes of the Democratic party. It is said, sarcastically, of the American that " no people forget yesterday " so readily; but it is not possible that that the half century of Democratic rule is obliterated from the average mind. The " Granger," the Farmer's Club" orato:s, the managers of cheap transportation associations, the would be organizers of the working pro duicets of tlhe land, on issues succh as we have named and indicated, do not surely expect to find su;pport from a party which is oblige i l fundlami-ntally to repudiate the idea of all national inter('1rene1 ; which must accept the doctrine of laissez faire, or repudiate its own principles. Not a very dif ficult thing to do, we hear sonic sar donic reader exclaim. But epigrain ouatic rejoinder is not our preseut cue. We desire to point out the obvious fact that the Democratic polity pre cludes that party from any fair dis cussion of the issues under consider ation. Its polity is shaped upon ideas born of communities living and thriving in circumstances altogether different from those which foster such a brood of legislative and adminis trative complexities as are involved In the politico-economic issues of our industrial and inventive civilization. 'I'he Greek cities and small States, with their simple and direct demands I for and assumptions of sovereigny are the prototype. The Swiss cantons of to-day and the free cities of middle 1 ages are the illustrati ns, while every middle aged Democrat in this country, who has any ideas beyond office and plunder, undoubtedly believes that the beneficial culmination of his po litical theory was found in the pub lic character and primitive politics of the slaveholding and agricnltugal States at the zenith of their pride and place. Can the men who look for such changes in legislation as will practically assert the sovereignty of i ihe people over the railroads, for in stance, expect to find it in the rehab illitation of a party governed by such 1 traditions? Is there any sensible man that does not believe that its I triumph will be but a hindrance rather than a benefit? These ques tions answer themselves. Besides, the Democracy have made no pre tense at discussing these matters. They have only criticised the Re publicans for so doing. Now, as to that party's position on these crowding issues. Who will as sert that it is unfriendly! Most of the issues alluded to are new ones in the political arena. Many of them involve questions not hexe tofore brought into that domain. They can only claim admission or consid eration upon the theory that progress of industrial machinery and the aggre gation of power acquired through the control thereof create forces whose unrestricted exercise by individuals, personal or corporate, makes such in diavduals dangerous alike to citizen and States. The thoughtful man will at once say that it is the mark of wisdom to go slow in such directions. It is an almost unknown domain, which poli ticians and statesmen are asked to explore. The expedient thing to do in politics is to consider well the fun damental ideas and the following his tory of the several organizations, and support that one which has shown its readiness to accept, consider, and dis cuss all new questions, and to place in its platforms and actions that por tion which commends itself as in the line of liberty, law, and progress. Will any candid person deny that the Republican party has not always stood ready to accept and sustain whatever so commends itself? A great party is not a school of doctrin faires, it is a practical compromise. It is not an academy to teach the philosophy of government, but an or- i ganization aiming to successfully esm body in government and law the best average view of its members. That party organization is the most useful and sure to be longest lived which, within the scope of its avowed pur poses, yet has the readiest ear for new demands, gives the freest oppor tunity for their expression, and wel comes most heartily those which com mend themselves ti, the averag': p0 litieal ;ease of the msin . News Items. Barnnm's balloon bursted. Spain is about to send more troops to Cuba. Thiers is going to Italy for a two months' visit. The Republican majority in Main'e was about 12,000. Carl Schurs indorses the BeoPte's : Paey in Missouri. The fires is the New Jersey forests have been subdued. . The Cinesnati Industrial Exhibi tion is a grand success. A successful inter-State exposition is under way at Chicago. Gen. Custar confirms the discovery df gold in the Black hills. Trouble between blacks and whites is reported at D)ewopolis, AlabamUa. Charles Vaidervent', Grand Master of Odd Follows, died in New York, on Tuesday. A Philadelphia man named Tozier killed his wife last Tuesday, and then committed suicide. Senator Brownlow of Tennessee is about to re-establish his old paper, the Knoxville Tlhig. Renewed victories over the Carlists are reported in Spain. The revolu tion seems nearly at an end. A New York forger named Meudel sohn committed suicide lastSaturday, while in jail awaiting sentence. The International Law Association, f which has been in session at Geneva, c closed its proceedings on the 11th. President McMahon is making a tour of France, and is everywhere en thusiastically received by the people. , Armstrong's Hotel, at Uxbridge, Canada, was destroyed by fire on the li 15th. Three persons were killed and li five seriously injured. New York and Jersey masons and bricklayers are working ten hours a day in consequence of the dull times. t Employers are delighted. Ben Butler is a candidate for re- 9 election to Congress. He opened the campaign with a rousing speech at Gloucester, last Saturday. A great strike of operatives in cot- s ton mills at Bolton. England, has ta ken place. 13,000 laborers have par- c ticipated in the movement. The Cuban chief, Calito Garcia, has f been captured by the Spaniards. He c was seriously wounded in the head by a shot from one of his captors. a The child-stealing fever has spread I to Canada. Two Italians v cre ar- l; rested at Quebec, last week, charged with attempted abduction of a boy. f President Grant or the King of Ita- 1. ly will probably be called upon to f arbitrate between China and Japan i in relation to the Formosa difficulty. A Boston burglar named Hurley I has been sentenced to fourteen years f in the penitentiary, and has thirteen h years of an old sentence to serve out iu also. also. The well known Cuban General Rv an, killed among the Virginius cap tives by the Spaniards, left to kins men in Arkansas an estate valued at $150,000. The United States court at Salt Lake City being locked out of the court-room, its sessions are being held at a tavern. Polygamists are debarred from serving as jurors. On the 15th, President Grant issued a proclamation commandjng the in surgents against the Louisiana State Government to disperse and retire peacefully to their homes within five days. Marshal Bazaine lls written a let ter to the New York Herald defend- 1 ing his military reputation and thank ing the English and American press 1 for its impartiality in the treatment of his case. A terrible railroad accident oc curred on the Great Eastern Railway, near Norwich, England, on the 11th. 1 Two passenger trains collided, killing twenty persons outright and wound ing fifty more. In Nebraska, the Democrats have nominated A. Tuxbury for Governor and J. W. Savage for Congress. The Convention was held at Omaha on the 10th inst., and was the largest ever held in the State. It is in consideration at Washington wnether Louisiana shall be added to Gen. Sheridan's department or Gen. Terry be sent to take command at New Orleans. Gen. Terry ranks Gen. Emory. Hon. John S. Kerr, a member of the Tennessee Legislature and prom inent before the Democratic State Convention as a candidate for Goves-f nor, fell dead of heart disease aris hosie in Memphis, Tuesday. = The Postmaster General offers a re- ward of *5000 for thoarrest of parties concerned in the mail robbery at Gad's Hill, Mo., on the 31st of Janm .ary last, and also p3000 for the cap ture of the robbers of the San Antonio mail stage, in Texas, last April. A great decline in the cotton pros pect is noticeable. The preseikt per ! lentage in the cotton S:ates it thus reported i d the Agricultural Depart meat : Virginia. DS; North Carolina,i 97; South Carolina. 86; Georgia, 77; i Florida, 77; Alabama, 81 Misiesip pi, 71 haft-a-. 17 "lfii~-rs r ". Laughlig Gas. The ready mosey astem-Dun, .r be done. Self-made men are very apt to wor ship their maker. Thlahardest things to deal with-An old pack of cards. Nothing comes home to a man so much as an uJnsettled bill. If you see a policeman aim at a dog, try to get near the dog. No tuifortunate trader tooks so down in the mouth as a dentist. The highest compliment to a bar ber-lie dyed and made no sign. . Gravity is no more evidence or wisdom than a paper collar s of 'a shirt. Those who have tried it say that kissing is like a sewing machine, be cause it seems good. " Fred, how is your sweetheart 'F" "Pretty well, I guess; she says I needn't call any more." Bayard Taylor intimates that he found a deal to interest him in the Faroe Islands. They now say that Bozawrls didn't cheer his band " at al', but hid in a cornfield at the beginning of the fight. They have a minister in Mound City, Kansas, who attracts people to his prayer meetings by the music of a brass band. A man in San Frandase recently wrote a letter to another, asking hire for his wife, without so much as en closing a postage stamp. A young man in 'Friscoembmaled a diamond to pay his tailor bill. Tail ors are at liberty to cat this oat and send it to their customers. A Pennsylvania baby Is said to have inherited the eyes and nose of his father, but the cheek of his uncle, who is an insurance agent. Teacher-" Peter, you are saud a bad boy that you are not lit to sit In the company of good boys on the bench. Come up here and sit by ate, sir." An Alabama editor winds up an ed itorial on the corn crop with the re mark, " We have on exhibitilq In our sanctum a pair of maguiflceht ears." The reason why Sylvan as Cobb, Jr., confines himself to writing for the periodicals is because the legitimate function of a Cobb is to produce a cereal. Barnunm has written to Chicago for a newspaper man reported to have lost *4OfJ(0. He would like to have hin in a museum. A person was boasting that be was front a high family. ' Yes," said a bystander, " I have seen some of the family so high that their feet could not touch the ground." A Western Postmaster writes to the Postmaster General that " hell will be full of country Postmasters 1 efore long if they do not get more pay than is allowed this office." A Kansas farmer solemnly declares that a grasshopper sat on the gate post and threateningly asked: "Wil liam Bryant., where is thunder is the balance of that cold meat I" There's a $10,000BOath Jersey heir ess who has so many lovers itring on the fence, waiting for her to comae out nights, this she has gives her entire fortune to endow a lunatic *slem. " I've got 'em," shorted s 3tleis sippi boatman recently, when first the comet broke upon his vision. "rve had snakes before, and now the stars have got tails on 'em. I'm a dead man." Progression is the watchword of the hour, but in Missouri mothers hant their dispbedient children over the knee and strike on the same old spot that the Romans did three thousand years ago. } Small, ragged, barefoot bey to gal. Ins colored gent with a valise -" Say boss, shall I carry your satchel for you ? " Colored gent to small boy " No, go way dare ! I'se gittin' two hits for carryin' dis down myselit" A Kentucky church has sent two lady missionaries to the Fejee Ilands. This is very considerate. No doubt the cannibals will prefer this sort to the tough old gentlemen who dre usually thrust upon that mark/ Wa'pen dress "toplepite men," do they ? Why, if th' whole male genus were extinct, ib'wouldn't make a feather or fur w difference in the get-np of the ol-ar creatures so long as there wasa living chance of spiting some aoker woman. Deacon Gandam flourishes in Lock -Raven, N. Y. When the minister de sires a collection taken up for the lit tle heathen on India's coral strand, and says, " Deacon Gaudam, you pass the hat," he has to be careful how he phlces his commas. Here is a description of a meam church that has a moral in it: "After the old pastor died the deacons went I about for a two-huadred-and-fhifty dollar minister, and you can get as much minister fur that price as yei can get psalm tnues out of a file A Mlilwankie writer is severe: Notes of the storm still come in. A visitor frenm Louisville was struck by the wind. and as he !ew up Wisconsin street with hs eare -unfurled, a gem Ottl'trr n'.rr' " f, :sT I t h v tI t. tlue