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THE DONALDSONVILLE CHIEF.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE PARISH OF ASCENSION AND TOWN OF DONALDSONVILLE. VOLUME IX. DONALDSONVILLE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1879. NUJMBER 13. glmtatisoanille tgid. . Amicus Humani Generis. A Wide-Awake Home Newspaper Published Every Sa~TFrday, at -Donaldsonville, Asoonsion P",risI, La,, LIýDBN F s. E1NTLEY, EDToR :Ob PROPRIETOR. TER,8 OF UBSTBBCRIPTION: One copy, one year,..................$2 00 One, copy, six months,............... 1 25 Bi.x copies, one year,.............1.......0 00 , 'welve copies, one year,.............18 00 Payable invariably in advance. ADVERTISING RATES: One Inch of space constitutes a "square." SQUARES. I iaO.12 mos. 3nos. 6mos. lyear square.. $3 00 $5 00 $ 6 50 $110 1500 .1 squares. 5 00 8 00 9 50 15 00 20 00 3 squaros. 7 00 11 00 12 50 1900 2500 4 squares. 8 50 14 00 15 00 23 00 30 00 6squares. 10 00 16 00 17 00 27 00 35 00 6 squares. 11 50 18 00 19 00 30 00 40 00 7 squares. 13 50 20 00 21 00 33 00 44 00 8 squares. 15 00 22 00 24 00 36 00 48 00 } column. 20 00 30 00 35 00 45 00 60 00 column . 30 00 40 00 45 00 55 00 75 00 1 column. 40 00 50 00 55 00 65 00100 00 Transient advertisements $1 per square Brat insertion; each subsequent insertion, 75 cents per square. Official advertisements $1 per square first insertion; each subsequent publication 50 cents per square. Editorial notices, first insertion, 20 cents per line; subsequently, 10 cents per line. Cards of six lines or less in Business Di rectory, five dollars per annum. Brief communications upon subjects of public interest solicited. No attention paid to anonymous letters. The editor is not responsible for the views of correspondents. Address: CHIEF. Donaldsonville. La. DONALDSONVILLE BUSINESS DIRECTORY. DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, Etc. A D. VEGA, Agent, dealer in Dry Goods, I " Notions, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, I Hats, Groceries, Liquors, Furniture, Hard ware, Tobacco, Paints, Oils, Glass, Lumher, Bricks, Carts and Wagons; Loeb's corner, Railroad Avenue and Mississippi street. ERNARD LEMAl7, dealer in Western Produce, fancy and staple Groceries, ii Liquors, Hardware, Iron, Paints, Oils. Carts, Plows, Saddlery, Stoves and Tinware, Fur niture, Crockery, Wall Paper and House Furnishing Goods, Mississippi street, corner Crescent Place. TOSEPII GONDRAN, dealer in Clothing, Dry Goods, Notions, liats, Groceries, ji Wines, Liquors, Boots, Shoes, Hardware, Paints, Oils, Saddlery, Crockery, Furniture and all kinds of House Furnis'hing Goods, No. 14 Mississippi street. M TOBIAS, dealer in Groceries, Dry * Goods, Clothing, Notions, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Furniture, Hardware, Crbock ory, Trunks, etc., corner Mississippi and St. Patrick streets and No. 24 Railroad Avenue. 11 Everything at lowest figures. ii C KLINE, corner Crescent Place and SHonimas street. dealer in Dry Goods, fe Notions, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Pro visions, Corn, Oats and Bran. M ISRAEL & CO., deales in Dry Goods, M Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Saddlery, Buggies, etc., corner Mississippi street and Railroad Avenue. G FEITEL, dealer in Dry Goods, Cloth- ri Sing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Groceries, Furniture, Hardware and Plantation Sup plies, at the old Post-office stand, Mississippi street. S WEINSCHENCK, dealer in Dry Goods, at S Notions, Clothing, Groceries, Hard- oi ware, Hats, Boots and Shoes, and general at Plantation Supplies. Railroad Avenue, be tween Iberville and Attakapas streets. P T. BABIN, dealer in Choice Family I " Groceries,Wines and Liquors, Lamps, Oils, etc. Darrowville, near ferry landing. and opposite Donaldsonville. LIQUOR AND BILLIARD SALOONS. THE PLACE, Gus. Israel, manager, Corner Lessard and Mississippi streets. Billiards, Lager Beer, Best Wines and Liquors. Fine Cigars, etc. B UTCIHERS' EXCHANGE, P. Mollere, Lproprietor, Crescent Place, oplosite the - Mlarket-louse. Best of Wines, Liquors and Cigars always kept at the bar. HOTELS AND BOARDING-HOUSES. R ORT. E. LEE HOTEL, at Marx Israel's 1 I oli stand, corner Mississippi and Les esrdl streets. Jos. Lafargue, proprietor. Bar and billiard room attached. First-class en t4irtainment anl accoimmodations. IIAMROCK HOUSE, L. Wiese, proprie tor, Mississippi street, opposite Lem nrn's oldi store. Boardt and Lodging at the Ja lowest rates. Best Wines, Liquorand Beer. T. LOUIS IIOTEL. Lucy Butler, pro prietor. Crescent Place, near the wharf. First-class Board and Lodging at reasonable O j'f Y HOTEL, P. Lefevre, Proprietor, HRailroad Avenue, cor. Iberville street. ]lar supplied with best Liquors. -i CONFECTIONERIES. an HIILIP GEIGER'S Confectionery and I Frnit Store, Mississippi street, adjoining Lenl'ann's old stand. Cakes, Soda Water, Nuts. Toys and Fancy Articles. ID ONA LDSONV'LE CONFECTIONERY, iFby A. Grilhe, Mississippi street, near H St. Patrick. Branchi on Railroad Avenue, near Opeloussne street. Cakes. Fruits, Nuts, *ods Water, Ice Cream. Cakes. Ice Cream und Syrups for weddings and parties tur- Al ishoed on short notice. CIGAR DEAl.ER. Ra TOSE RIEBERT. Dealer in Havana & Mi PDomestic Cigars, Tobacco, Snuff. Pipes, etc., ourt. Misisissippi and St. Patrick streets. O0S. THOMiPSON, Railroad Avenue, next I * dour to corner of Conway street, near the depot, dealer in Havana and Domestic Cigars, Tobacco, nnff, Pipes, etc. MILLINERY. MRS . M. BILUM. Milliner, Mississippi (co street, between I~esard and St. Pat ans rick. Latest styles of Bounets, Hast, French an Flowers. etc.; also, all kinds of L.adies' Un- - jerwear. C IfRS.J. FEVRIER, Milliner; all kinds of ili Hiats, Honnets. Trimmings, ArtificialR F'lowers and Fancy Articles. corner Miasis cippi rand Lessard strcets. (I BOOT AND SHOW MAKING. SGOETTE, lUo~t andl Shoemaker, Mis- S sisenrppli street, opposite Maurin's store. j ing tli. wrkl in best style at bottom prices. cha . SEWING MACHINED Singer Sewing Machine I DEPOT, p er .orner tississippi and Lessard streets. A. combe ...................... Manager, wirs. Octavia Illey,..............8aleslady S OUTHERN SEWING MACHINE DE t POT, No. 155 Railroad Avenue. Agents for the " White," "Wilson," "New Home," "Wheeler and Wilson." "Victor," "New E , Davis," and "Sigwalt." Also manufac turers' agents for all kinds of Sewing Ma chine Needles, Attachments, Silks, Flax. Patterns, Oil, etc. Repairing of all kinds done and warranted. .$2 00 . 1 25 LIVERY STABLES & UNDERTAKING. .1000 .1800 CHONBERG'S Livery, Feed and Sale Stable and Undertaker's Establishment, Railroad Avenue, between Iberville and At takapas streets. Competition defied. DRUGS AND MEDICINES. 1 year RYBISKI, Apothecary and Druggist, $1500 e Mississippi street, between St. Patrick 20 00 and St. Vincent streets, adjoining Gondran's 25 00 store. 3000 ý ENTRAL DRUG STORE, corner Rail 3500 j road Avenue and Iberville street, L. 11000 Blanchard, proprietor. Fresh Drugs and 44 00 Medicines. 60 00 75 00 SADDLERY---HARNESS-MAKINO. 100 00 - TOSEPH HISS, Saddler and Harness lare U Maker, 159 Railroad Avenue. Saddles rtion, and harness of all styles and prices made to order. All orders for repairing and paint e first ing of Carriages and Buggies promptly ex on 50 ecuted. cents HOUSE AND SIGN PAINTING. 1e. s Di- DJ. GREEN, House, Sign and Ornamen "IJ tal Painter, Railroad Avenue, near Claiborne street. Pacer-hanging and Calci ts of mining in superior style. ters. CABINET MAKING---UPHOLSTEItINO. riews I C. GRUBE, Cabinet Maker and Up d R h Colsterer, Railroad Avenue, near Mis sissippi street. Furniture repaired and var nished, Moss. Hair and Spring Mattrasses repaired and made over, Cane-seat Chairs rebottomed. Orders for country work re sponded to promptly. Lye ----------1-- BARBER SHOP. L L. FERNANDEZ. Barber Shop, Mis " sissippi Street, near corner Lessard. oods, Shaving, hair-cutting, shampooing, etc., in hoes, most artistic style. lard TINSMITH. LOUIS J. RACKE, Tinsmith, Mississippi St street, at Lemann's old stand. Orders friern attended to with dispatch and satisfaction arts, insured. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. rner Frederick Duffel, R. Prosper Landry. S UFFEL & LANDRY, Attorneys at -ing, J Law. Office on Chetimaches street, jries, just back of the Court-House. rare, ture EDWARD N. PUGH, Attorney at Law, cods, 1J Attakapas street, opposite Louisiana Square. Visits Nanoleonville on Mondays. 1y PHOTOGRAPHY. ek- SEW PHOTOGRAPHIC GALLERY. on SSt. Railroad Avenue, opposite Post-office; nue. Henry Gartz, proprietor; new rooms and improved facilities for doing fine work ; all d styles and sizes of pictures from 50 cents up an ward ; copying and enlarging from old and Pro faded pictures a specialty. MUSICAL INSTRUCTION. ods, ery, AURENT L. COMES, Professor of Mu and sic, residence one mile below town. My prices are moderate and can but prove satisfactory to all those who are desirous of loth- receiving a sound musical education. - rice, Sup 80DA WATER MANUFACTORY. lippi SODA WATER MANUaACTORY, H. SHether, proprietor, No. 11 Mississippi ods, street. Soda, Mineral, Seltzer and all kinds ard- of aerated waters manufactured, and sold at lowet prices. bc ily DR. A. C, LOVE, mg, Darrowvile, La. Left bank Mississippi river, opposite Don aldeonville. s. Office and residence at Gibson's Hotel. er, DR. J. B. VANDEGRIFF gets. ] and OFFICE : Attakapas street, near the Court-House, cr, ISonaldsoarlle, La. d R. W. M. McGALLIARDLD _ Office in Crescent Place, 8. Dornaldse vlle, Ia. l AW AND NOTARIAL OFFICE. Bar R. N. Blmcas, en- ATTORNEY AT LAW. E e- Dosald~eosvile, La. em- Practice in Asoension, Assumption and St. the James. mch2-ly C DMUND MAURIN, af. A0I@3.UT AW I.AW, a ble Office: Opposite the Court-House, Donaldsonville, la. et. Practices in the Fourth Judicial District, -comprising the parishes of Ascension. St. Janmcs, St. Charles and St. John Baptist and the parish of Assnumption. aprl9 . AUL LECHE, SAWORIB'T AL LAW I tW, Donaldgonville, La., I Y, Office: One bl.ck below the Court ear House, on Attakapas street. my24-ly a Its, EIS. LANG, Attorney and Cognselor at Law, I Donaldsonville, La., ¶ Office: On Claiborne street, near corner b - Railroad Avenue, formerly occupied by SMorris Marks. myl0-ly John H. Ileley, Jr., F.B. Earhart. Lxt LSLEY & EARHART, v A 0tic AORn TsI Al LAW, 0, Otice: Opposite the Court Hoeuse, Donaldsonville, La. Practice in the Fourth Judicial District pi (comprising St. Charles, St. John, St. James 'at and Ascension parishes), ani in the Supreme el ci and United States Courts. my31-79 c Jn HAB. OBERKAMP, Jr., Barber and Hairdresser, ei _resent Place, adjoining St. Louis Hotel, Donaldsonville, La. le Shavrg. Hair Cutting, Dyeing, Shampoo re. ing, etc.. in elegant style at moderate charges ang 01 Original. On receiving a "Blue Bell" inclosed in a Letter from Scotland. Par, far o'er the depths of the dark blue sea, My own loved flower, have you come to me; Irom the grey old hills where the heather waves, Where the torrents leap, and the tempest raves ! From my mother's love, and my childhood's home, Far, far away, dear flower, have you come. Oh I could you but speak, you would tell to me How my mother looked, when she looked on thee; What my sister said when she sent you away, With your freight of love, through the wild sea spray ; For a freight you bring, and I know it is A mother's tear, and a sister's kiss. Full tender and sad the memories be That well in my heart as I g ge on thee, And yet as I gaze, I think I hear A small voice whisper in my ear. Yes, yes, you speak, and with words of power, "Patience and Hope," my own sweet flower. There's a lonely glen far, far away, And a ruined keep with its turrets grey, On a high green bank, with a burn below Where kin of yours were wont to grow. Was it there, dear flower, in that glen so wild, You lived and bloomed with your playmates mild? Or was it down where the blue lock lies, So calm and soft 'neath the summer skies, With the pine crowned craig, austere and hard, Like a maiden asleep with a giant to guard ? Was it there, dear flower, that you grew to bloom Ere they sent you to sh' re a wanderer's doom ? But wherever it was, my bonnie flower, On heather hill or in birken bower, Your native spot, you're welcome here. I'll tend you well, and I'll love you dear, And together we'll keep, through pleasure and pain, And we'll work and wait till we're home again. DUNDES. BUGGY RIDING. " Suppose," he said, in accents soft, "A felloe just like me Should axle little girl to wed, What would the answer be I" The maiden drops her liquid eyes 'Her smiles with blushes mingle "Why seek the bridle haltar when You may live on sur, single I" And then he spoke-" Oh, be my bride, I ask you once again ; You are the empress of mly soul, And there shall ever reign. I'll never tire of kindly deeds To win your gentle heart; And saddle be the shaft that rends Our happy lives apart." Upon her cheek the maiden felt The mnntling blushes glow She took him for her faithful hub, To share his w(h)eel or whoa. - 1-0-- 0 - Summary of State News. Gleanings from the Prees. t POINTE COUPEE. Pelican : As we are about going to press, we learn tlhat, last night at i Pointe :oupee, at colored man si oit and killed his mother-in law. WEBSTER. Minden Democrat: Thursday eve ning a colored man who was driving a wagon to Minden was robbed when t about two miles from town by two Negroes. He was knocked from his I wagon, and while one of the high waymen held him the other searched his pockets and relieved him of forty or fifty dollars. ST. BERNARD. Eagle: Two men have lately met with serious accidents while working on centrifugal machines. Last Peek a man employed by Mr. Anselm Bayhi was severely injured by his arm being caught and badly crushed. On Tues day last a German working upon the Story plantation met with an injury from the steam suddenly escaping from a valve, scalding his left arm in a terrible manner. CALDWELL. Columbia Herald: On Friday night last Elijah Dixon, colored, was taken out and severely whipped on account, it is thought, of his connection with a young colored woman, Enmma Brown, whom he caused to be arrested and placed in jail, for assaulting him and burning his wearing apparel. Elijah had been notified to leave town but had failed to do so. The young woman also was notified to leave, which she has since done. RICIIALAND. Rayville Beacon : Last Sunday Dr. Liddell brought to this office an eagle's claw, which was taken from a bird killed by Mr. Matthews, near the Banuf river railroad. Dr. Liddell stated that the measurement of the claw was 7j inches from the extreme point of one talon to tha& of the one opposite, if we mistake not, and that the bird measured seven feet Iromn point to point of the wings. Mr. Matthews says it was making a swoop for his dog when le shot it. WEST PELICIANA. St. Francisville Senttinel: A wagon containing five bales of cotton was robbed of one of the number on its way from Brook's store, in East Feliciana, to Port Hickey on the night of the 15th. The driver of the wagon was in the conspiracy to rob, and when an attempt to arrest him was made he rail, whereupon a gun loaded with amall shot was discharged at him. Tihe shot took serious but not danger ous effect and tihe Negro was captured.. The cotton was found hid in some' bushes. IBERIA. New Iberia Sugar-Bowl: At the Republican meeting at St. Martins ville, a difficulty occurred between one Coco, a colored man, and a Negro school teacher. The former, it is alleged, received a heavy charge of buck-shot in his side, and grave doubts are entertained of his recov ery.... We hear many complaints of cattle stealing, from the people living between here and Jeannerette. Not a farmer can/put his stock out to pas -ture, without feeling a degree of un easiness, regarding its safety. Cattle are daily missing, and as in mnost cases they can not be traced, this leads to tire supposition that they are killed at once, and the meat disposed of secretly, or that they are shipped to other points and sold. Our Broadbrim Letters. S8piritualism-Temperance Lecture-An Irish Alderman on a Spree-The Good Little Boys of Brooklyn-Another Fair For the Beventh Regiment-Conviot Labor-Suicides-Wall Street. NEW YORK, NOV. 22, J879. EDITOR CHIEF : Of late I have felt a decided in clination to Spiritualism; and, in making this public confession, I don't want to hear a repetition of the stale jokes of brandy and water, gin and milk, ruin punch, and such like abominations. It is not to be expected that coarse, groveling natures can appreciate the aspirations of a man who desires to hob-nob with Julius Cwsar and Socrates, and to take a ride around his back parlor on the top of a piano. I never knew much of Julius, but from all I can hear of him he would he a very desirable acquaintance. I hate common people; first-class or nothing is the motto with me, and what's the use of groveling among the Smiths, the Browns, the Jones, and such-like people, whent Cicero and Shakespare, Tasso and Dante can be had for merely the asking. Besides, I never looked upon a piano as a desirable means of locomotion, till it suddenly occurred to me one bright aft,-reoon that of all things on earth, I should like to take a ride on top of one. There is something so exhilirating in tie idea of sailing around your parlor on top of the piano, in company with four or five nice fat fellows, that weigh about a ton, and bobbing tup against the ceiling as if you were an India-rubber ball. Once the idea 1 got possession of me, I could not shake it off, so I resolved, if the op portunity offered for any of the man ifestations or interviews that I desired, that I would not let it pass. I had read Andrew Jackson Davis, andI the latest discoveries by Kiddile, and I knew it would he gratityving to your readers to know that your faithful correspondent was keeping company with Walter Scott, Washington Irvitng, George Washington, and, in short, with men of his own stripe. On Sun day evening last, there was a spiritual seance given at Chickering Hall, and, during the entertainment, the pianoi was to be taken out of the orchestra t by the spirits, floated up in the gal lery with tout teen fat ment on top of it, and if a fat womrn could be found in the audience willing to take a ride. , she would lie privileged to do so, provided her age was over forty-five, and shedid not turn the scale at less than two hundred and seventy-six. 0 There did nriot happen to be a lady u over thirty-six in the audience, so that pleasure was denied ius. My wife don't believe in spirits, s' on Sunday evening, after tea, just us I was putting on my overcoat. sthe asked me where I was going. I said I thought I would go and hear Brot h or Talnage on " human depravity.'+ She thought she would like to go too, but I persuaded her that the evening was damp, and that she might possi Ily take cold. Hurrying up to Chicker ing Hall, I found it crowded, for among other attractions, it was whispered that one of the mediumrn was going to get into a quart bottle, which was to be placed on the middle of the stage, and while on the inside, the medium proposed to sing two comic songs, and dance a hornpipe. This was the sort of thing that I wanted to see. I had lost all confi deuce in table tippings, and I despised Minnehaha and the great Ojibbeway Chief. I had but little faith in the spirit of my mother in-law, for while in the flesh she never turned the scale above a hundred and six, while her ghost was good for two hundred and twenty, which was a spiritual pheno menon to which I am hardly yet re conciled. The master of ceremonies was one of those sharp, keen, lank, bald headed looking men, such as you frequently see conducting spir itual meetings; and after a long de lay, the announcement was made that the performance was about to commence. Then a committee was invited up to inspect the inevitable cabinet ; but it was very evident that the most of the audience, like myself, had come to see the piano trick. The evening wore on, and it soon because manifest that the whole of the audi ence was sold. The swindlers secured about seven hundred dollars as the result of their spiritual enterprise, and your faithful correspondent was out fifty cents. Two terrible temperance lectures have been given during the past week, with a potency and force that will not be easily forgotten. A nephew of Don Piatt, the celebrated Washington journalist, was arrested by the officers of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. When discovered, the husband lay drunk in one corner of the room, and the wife, destitute of clothing, in an other corner, for she had actually sold the dress off of her back to a rag man to procure money for rum. In the middle of the floor lay a starving infant, pinched blue with cold. The s- story of their downfall reads more n like a tale of fiction than a reality. 't Mr. Piatt had been all army officer, e and only a few years ago, was one of d the most promising young meln in e Washington. His wife was said to be d one of the most beautiful women in n the Capitol, but the devil rum took n possession of her, and she not only s ruined herself, but her husband, and a finally she was arrested as a vagrant, e and committed to Blackwell's Island. h Her husband was imprisoned at the if same time, but through the interces e sion of friends, he was released, and a position procured for him in the U Custom-House. When his wife got 'f fee from Blackwell's Island, she e sought him out again, and dragged e him down to ruin. Tihe court sent them both to the Island for six r months, and passed the infant over r to the Commissioners of Charities. On Tuesday, an Irish Alderman from Staten Island, came on a spree t to New York, to celebrate his elec tion, and while in a beastly state of intoxication, fell down and broke his Ieck. The saloon keeper did not thtink that it would be of any advan tage to have a coroner's inquest in his ruin shop, so he employed a couple of fellows to carry tlhe dead Aldermant off, and lay him in a Ineigh boring hall, where he was eventually found. Brooklyn is the City of Churches, it has just had a convetttion to in quire as to the best means of giving our good little boys the full advan tages of Sunday School association. While the council was in session, a delegation of good little boys were punching their teacher's head, and stoning the school house, and when a police.man rushed in, club in hand, to keep tile peace, the good little boys tol hIim if he didn't make himself scarmc-, " they'd put a heatd on him," so like a sensilble policeman as he was, he did ruake himself scarce, and the good little boys still Hold the Forl'. anld stone the teachellrs. Ot creme de la creme are all on the qui vive for tihe ft ir at the new Seventh Regiment Armiory, which opens on Monday next. This magnificent build ing which is to be the headquarters of our crack corps, cost about a half a million of dollars, of which nearly Iuone haIlt has already been subscribed. It is estilnated that the receipts of the coming fairl will not be less than fifty thousand dollars, and the sum real iz-ed is intended to be used exclu- t sively in furnishilng the rooms of the C different ronmpallies. The activity in stock has developed the usual crop of thieving treasurers and defaulting I bank cashiers. One foolish batnk teller expended near four hundred dollars a day on lottery tickets alone, a to find at last, that lie was not only t thief, but a fool, and lie will uon dolubtedly get a fool's reward -the State's p-ison. Speaking of State prisons, reminds me that we have just had a conven tion to consider the snhject of convict labor. There appears to be no doubt but that the convict should be made to earn his own living, but how to avoid bringing him in competition with honest labor on the outside, is a problem which the wisest of our philanthropists have not been able to solve. There have been quite a number of suicides during the week, and several desperate attempts at self-destruc tion. On Wednesday. a woman laid herself down on the railroad track in front of an approaching train, and was only dragged from the rails by a switch tender, as the train went thandering by. That same evening, the same woman threw herself from the dock, and on being rescued, was committed to the lunatic asylum. You may reasonably look out for a great flancial collapse in Wall street, for everything seems to be tending that way. The rise in all kinds of stocks has been unprecedented, and all kinds of kite flying is indulged in. Stocks that never did pay a dividend, and never will pay a dividend, are thrown on the market for speculative purposes, and are commanding prices above dividend paying stocks. Now is the time to flood the country with circulars for "puts" and "calls." Once more I warn your readers against this kind of specious villainy, and if they get caught after all I have written about them, it will not be the fault of Truly yours. BROADBRIII Our Washlngton Letter. The Assembling of Oongress-Soones and Incidents on the Floor-The Presi dent's Message--ubjeots for Legisla tion-Tarif, Ourrency, etc. WAsiuaxrooN. D. C., Dec. 1, 1879. EDITOR CHIEF: The assembling of Congress has B been described many times, but our legislative Sons of Thunder never re turn to the scenes of their glory or f their shame, as the case may be, o without exciting renewed interest. B Upon their words and ballots depend, I to a great extent, the welfare of larger Shuman interests- than, perhaps, any Iother nationality combines. Not in I present population, but in closely prospective population, in wealth, and in all that relates, in the wonder ful future, to the amelioration ot hu man government. When we think of I our remarkable age and of this mi raculous country what wonder that the mediocre men, who are a majority of both houses, become transfigured and grand. If man is great in his own destiny, if the judge is august in his power over human rights and human life, what must be the clothed emi nence of those men to whom kingly and imperial functions are transferred. But it is time to start for the capitol. The day is superb. The crowd will be great, for the old resident and the stranger within the gates are equally anxious to see Congress on this first day. The session will not begin un til 12 M., precisely, but already, at II o'clock, Pennsylvania Avenue is alive with groups of ladies and gentlemen all moving in one direction. The Capitol will hold this immense throng, for tile rotunda and lobbies are spa cious, but only a favored portion will be able to secure admission to the galleries. Happy, on these crowded occasions, is the correspondent whose ticket admits him to the reporters gallery, fromu which serene height he may look down upon and scru tinize in a superficial way the chosen, the elect of the Nation. Here they are, their frequently portrayed or caricatured-faces recognizable even to strangers. What American citizen is there that is not acquainted with tihe physiognomy of Blaine, Conkling, Thurman, Bayard, Logan, Edmunds, Lamar, Gordon, and others t Their faces tell but little of the perils they have passed during the summer; and some of them have passed perils. Some aspiring anmbitions have been shattered. Some have gone through tihe fire of investigation. But the face of the politician, like that of the ideal diplomatist, is inmperturbable. I have not time to do better than give you my mnotes taken from thie galleries of the House and Senate : Large fire places, with wood fires, to improve ventilation and add to the cheerfulness of tihe legislative cavern, have been placed in the hall of the House. The House economically uses the same carpet that was on tihe floor last year. Young Congressman Acklen smoked a cigar and examined the cards at tached to the bouquets that had been placed on his desk. Newspaper men, (we prefer to be called journalists) Congressmen, lobbyists and bouquets have reappeared in the House of Rep resentatives. Mr. Conger and Mr. Garfield held each other by the hand and looked towards the other end of the Capitol. The Capitol police have new and handsome uniforms. The latest thing for ladies is to crochet in the galleries. The printer will please not say coquet, that would not be news. Fernando Wood was always the most Frenchy-looking Congress man in the House, but now, since he has been in Parts all summer, he looks more French-like than a Frenchman himself. Congressman Kelly appeared in the same suit in which he inter viewed Bismarck. I mean the sack coat and sack-like trousers that have been worn through the longest Con gressional career. Randolph Tucker and Gen. Eppa Hunton were the only members that were observed to hug each other, conspicuously, like bears. Ben Butler seems little worn or jaded by his signal defeat and now appears on the streets as handsome as ever, and completely robed in fur a la Es quimaux. He ihas a very extensive practice in the courts, and ranks among the legal fraternity as one of its foremost advocates. The President's message was lis tened to with great interest by mem bers of both parties. As a public document it will evoke the commen dation of good citizens generally, and at the same time will provoke the antagonism of the miajority party in the House. The vetoes during the extra session were enough to do this; but the message will widen the breach and Congress and the Executive will be as emphatically and distinctly at war with each other as the peaceable and tractable forms of our Govern Inent will permit. The friends of conciliation are the only mourners over this situation. Whatever may be the result of the session, the disposition on all sides at this time is to make it a short one. The recommendations of the heads of Departments are in the direction of economy. I do not mean that less is asked for than formerly, but that, considering the growth of the country, and the marvelous increase of busi ness, the estimates of the year are less- tlmn-was to lbe expected. The Secretary of War is to be specially commended for moderation in his re quests. Of the subjects for consideration, outside of the regular appropriation bills and the never ending subject of politics, the Indians, the tariff, and aid to our ocean commerce will be prominent. The contest over the In dians will be spirited, and its interest will center on the proposition to transfer the Indian Buneau to the War Department. There will also be the question-now exciting interest in the West-of opening the Indian Territory to general settlement. The tariff laws, though changes in them will be advocated, will doubt less remain substantially as they are. There is overwhelming evidence that business men regard stability in this respect as of infinitely more impor tance than the particular character of the law. Upon the subject of assistance to our commerce there is less general information in the country perhaps than upon almost any other. T'he proposition made a year ago to grant to a line of American steamers about the same proportionate rates for car rying our mails to Brazil as were be. ing paid some of the railroads of the country for carrying them, was voted down by an overwhelhinng majolity, when the giving of the small sums asked would have ensured the build ing in the United States of several steamships of the largest class, and the opening of a very extensive comn merce with South American countries. The proposal was beaten because the cry of " subsidy " was raised against it. But, in connection with such truly national works as the improvement of the Mississippi river, the improve. ment of New York harbor, and kin. dred affairs, the project will be again revived and considered. Among the other subjects which will come up will be the chartering of a Nicaragua Canal Company, the creation for General Grant of the office of Captain General, and, last but not least, tihe retirement of the outstanding greenbacks. This last measure, it is supposed, will be rec ommended by tle administration. It is sure to be met with determined op. position. There is a growing feelpmg among the people that our currency is the best in the world, and that more or less peril will attend any change. The repeal recommended would curtail the volume of the cur rency $50,000,000, which at this junc ture can not be done without seriously crippling the reviving business inter easts of the country. It may be hoped that Congress will be wise enough to table all such recommendations. Socially, the Washington winter will be very enjoyable. An unusual number of Senators and Representa tives will have their families here, numerous people of distinction and wealth will be among us, and the " good times " will enable resident society people to extend ihoslpiIalities which have been unknown in the city for years. It was a matter of surprise that among the.decaorations of both public and private buildings on the occasion of the unveiling of the Thomas statue, that the Capitol was as naked as the Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt. Our Sag was not seen on turret, roof or dome. Some relentless person was wicked enough to suggest that it was because those in charge of tie build ing have no love for that kind of a flag. Thanksgiving day is now respected by everybody at the Capital. With departmentsand busiess placeselosed and churches open, the men of the cloth are given large liberties on one day of the year to have their say on both politics and religion, and right well they improve the opportunity. In the ante-bellum days little or no regard was paid to thism joyous day; but the New England idea has taken possession, and now in every house hold the turkey, pipmiing hot, with all the usual cuisaie lttraction garnish thle table, around which are gathered friends from near nmd far to renew tihe friendships of formner years, amnl to return thanks to the Oreat All Father for "All that spring with bhonteous hand Scatters o'er this favored land. And all th* golden autumn poura Frmw.I out I er rich o'erflowing stores.' 8ENTINEL.