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The Donaldsonville chief. [volume] (Donaldsonville, La.) 1871-current, May 08, 1880, Image 1

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THE DONALDSONYILLE CHIF.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE PARISH OF ASCENSION AND TOWN OF DONALDSONVILLE.
VOLUM IX. DONALDSONVILLE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1880. NUMBER 35.
glanalbsonbille Qýi~ef.
Amnicus Hulmani Generis.
A Wide-Awake Home Newspaper
Published Every Saturday, at
Donaidsonville, Ascension Parish,La.,
- BY - ;
LIMPDEi1 E. DENTLET,
EDITOR AND PROPRIEOR.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
(hne copy, one year.................$200
one copy, six months...............I. 1 25
Six copies, one year,. .......1000
rwo Paabl inariblyin advance.
AD VERTISING RATES:
Ose inch of space constitutes a "square."
SQUARES. mo. 2m1os. 3mos.' Gos. Iyear
*square.. $30 0($51lG $650 ,I1w1x1500
*squares. 5 00 8 00 9 50 15 00 20 00
3 squares. 7 (10 11l 00 l;2 50 19 00 25 00
4 squares. 8 50 14 00 15 00 23 00 30 00
5 squares- 10 00 16 00 17 00 27 00 35 00
6 squtares. 11 .54 18 00 1900 3000 40 00
7 sqitares* 13 50 20 90 21 00 33 00 44 00
8 squares. '15 00 22 00 24 00. 36 00 48 00
*column.t 20 00 30 00 35 00 45 00 60 00
c olumnf. 3f) 00 40 00 45 00 55 00 75 00
I column. 40 00 50 00 55 00 615 00 104000
Transient advertisements $1 per square
first insertion; each subsequent insertion,
75 cents per square.
Official advertisemlilts $1 per square first
insertion; each subsequent publication 50
cents per square.
Editorial notices, first insertion, 20 cents
per line; subsequently, 10 cents per line.
Cards of six lines or less in Business Di
rectory, five dollars per annum.
Brief communncations upon subjects of
public interest solicited.
No attention paid to anonymous letters.
The editor is notresponsible forthe views
or correspondents.
Address: CIIEP. Donaldsonville. La.
DONALDSONVI LLE
BUSINESS DIRECTORY.
DRY GOODS, (IitOCERIES, Etc.
1). VEGA, Agent, dealer in Dry Goods,
. Notions, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, E
Hats, Groceries, Liquors. Furniture, Hard- t
ware, Tobacco, Paints, Oils, Glass. Lumber, a
Bricks, Carts and Wagons; Loeb's corner,
Railroad Avenue and Mississippi street.
BERNARD LEMANN. dealer in Western
Produce, ftaney and staple Groceries,
Liquors, Hardware, iron, Paints, Oils. Carts,
Plaws, Saddlery. Stoves and Tinware, Fur
niture. Crockery, Wall Paper and House
Furnishing Gooils, Mississippi street, corner
Crescent Place.
SOSEP1 GO I)RAN, dealer in Clothing,
e Dry Goods, Notions, Hats, Groceries,
Wines, Liquors, -Boots, Shoes, Hardware,
Paints, Oils, Saddlery, Crockery, Furniture J
and all kinds of House Furnishing Goods,
No. 14 Mississippi street.
STOBiIAS, dealer in drocertcs, Dry
M. Goods, Clothing, Notions, Boots and
Shoes, Hats, Furniture, Hardware, Crock
cry, Trunks, etc., corner Mississippi and St.
Patrick streets and No. 24 Railroad Avenue.
Everything at lowest figures.
C KLINE, corner Crescent Place and
0 lIonums street, dealer in Dry Goods,
Notimns, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Pro
visions, Corn, Oats and Bran.
M ISRAEL & CO., dealer in Dry Goods,
" Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Saddlery,
Bynjgios, etc.,. cOrner Mississippi street and
Railroad Avenue.
0 MOYSE, dealer in Dry Goods, Cloth
in lug, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Groceries,
Furniture, Hardware and Plantation Sup
plies, at the old Post-ofticestand, Mississippi
street.
S WEINSCHENCK, dealer in Dry Goods,
*" Notions, Clothing, Groceries, Hard
ware, Hats, Boots and Shoes, and general
Plantation Supplies. Railroad Avenue, be
tween Iberville and Attakapas streets.
JNO. SOLOZANO, dealer in Groceries,
Wines and Liquors. Crockery, '1'inware,
Notions, etc. No. 21 Railroad Avenue, be
tween Conway and St. Michael streets,
Donaldsonville.
P T. BABIN, dealer in Choice Family
* Groceries,Wines and Liquors, Lamps,
Oils, etc. Darrowville, near ferry landing,
and opposite Donaldeoaville.
LIQUOR AND BILLIARD SALOONS.
TIlHE PLACE, Gus. Israel, manager,
THCraer Lessard and Mississippi streets.
Billiards, Lager Beer, Best Wines and
Liquors. Fine Cigars, etc.
UTCIIERS' EXCHANGE, P. Mollere,
Bproprietor, Crescent Place, opposite the
Market-House. Best of Wines, Liquors and
Cigars always kept at the bar.
HOTELS AND BOARDING-HOUSES.
R ORT. E. LEE HOTEL, at Marx Israel's
old stand, corner Mississippi and Les
said streets. Jos. Lafargue, proprietor. Bar
and billiard raoom attached. First-class en
tertainment and accomnmndations.
ST. LOUIS HOTEL. Lucy Butler, pro
prietor. Crescent Place. near the wharf.
First-class Board and Lodging at reasonable
rates.
( 11'1 Y HOTEL, P. Lefevre. Proprietor,
L Railroad Avenue, cor. Iberville street.
-liar supplied with best Liquors.
CONFECTIONERIIES.
P illLIP EIG ER'S Confectionery and
P ruit Storo, Mississippi street, adjoining
¢An'nual's old stand. Cakes. Soda Water,
Nuts, Toys and Fancy Articles.
O'(NAL)SONV'LE CONFECTIONviRY,
F byhb A. Grilhe, Mississappi dtrect, near
;St. Patrick. iraneh on Railroad Avenue,
pear Opelousas street. Cakes. Fruita, Nuts,
noula Water, lee Cream. Cakes. Ice Cream
und Syrups for weddings and parties fur
nished on short notice.
CIGAR DEALER.
TI(S.% TIIOMPSON. Railroad Avenue, next
#t 4ieu, to corner of Conway street. near
the de 401, dealer in Havana and Domestic
Cigars, Tolmeco, Snout, Pipes. etc.
MILLINERY.
M RS. M. IILUM. Milliner, Mississippi
I street. butweeni Issaid and St. Pat
rick. Latest styles of Bonnets, Ilats. French
Flowers, etc.; also, all kinds of Ladies' Un
gterwear.
M RS.J. FEVRIER. Milliner; all kinds p
I Hats. Bonnets. Trimmings, Artificial I
Flow.rs and Fancy Articles. corner Misis
sippi and Lessard streets.
SADDLERY.--HARNESS-MAKING.
FRE)E-RIlCK BRENN. Saddler and litr.
ness Maker. I hRailroad Avenue. Saa
dles and harness or all styles and prices'
made to order. All orders for repairing and
painting of tarriages and Buggies promptly
executed.
-SEWING MACHINES.
Singer Sewing Machine
DEPOT,
corner Mississippi and Lessard streets.
A. Comnbe..................Manager,
Mrs. Octavia Ileley,...........Saleslady
LIVERY STABLES * UNDERTAKING.
SCHONBERG'S Livery, Feed and Sale
Stable and Undertaker's Establishment,
Railroad Avenue, between Iberville and At
takapas streets. Competition defied.
DRUGS AND MEDICINES.
B RYBISKI, Apothecary and Druggist,
*e Mississippi street, between St. Patrick
1 and St. Vincent streets, adjoining Gondran's
1 store.
ENTRAL DRUG STORE, corner Rail
road Avenue and Iberville street, L.
Blanchard, proprietor. Fresh Drugs and
Medicines.
HOUSE AND SIGN PAINTING.
R J. (IRE3N, Hoeuse, Sign and Ornamen
* tal Painter, Railroad Avenue, near
Claiborne street. Paper-hanging and Calci
mining in superior style.
BARBER SHOP.
L L. FERNANDEZ, Barber Shop, Mis
* sissippi Street, near corner Lessard.
Shaving, hair-cutting, shampooing, etc., in
most artistic style.
TINSMITH.
LOUIS J. RACKE, Tinsmith, Mississippi
street, at Lemann's old stand. Orders
atten led to with dispatch and satisfaction
insured.
BOOT AND SHOE MAKING.
El cOETTE, Boot and Shoemaker, Mis
*E sissippi street, opposite Maurin's store.
All work in best style at bottom prices.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Frederick Duffel, R. Prosper Landry.
DUFFEL & LANDRY. Attorneys at
Law. Office on Chetimaches street,
just back of the Court-House.
EDWARD N. PUGH, Attorney at Law,
Attalkapas street, opposite Louisiana
Square. Visits Nanoleonville on Mondays.
SODA WATER MANUFACTORY.
SODA WATER MANUFACTORY, II.
Ifether, proprietor, No. 11 Mississippi
street. Soda, Mineral, Seltzer and all kinds
of aerated waters manufactured, and sold
at lowest prices.
Dr. P. J. Friedrichs,
of New Orleansa
Is now penranently located on IUnilroai
Avenue between Mississippi and ibervilk
streets
R. A. C. EOVE,
flarrowvlllc, La.
Left bank Mississpi river, opposite I)on
Othice and residence at Gibson's Hotel.
R. JIt. VANDEGRIFF
OFFICE :
Attakapas street, near the Court-louse,
I)onaldasonville, La.
t. W. M. McGALLIA RD
Office in Cresceat Place,
NJonaldsonvaillc. La.
L AW AND NOTARIAL OFFICE.
R. N. Sims,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Donaldsoncuille, La.
Practice in Ascension,Asseumption and St.
James. mch22-1y
PAUL LECHE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Donaldsonville, La.,
Office : One block below the Court
house, on Attakapas street. mity24-ly
1 B. EARHART,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office: Opposite the Court-House,
Donaldsonvville, La.
Practices in the Twenty-Second Judicial
District (comprising St. James and Ascen
sion parishes). and in the Supreme and
United States Courts. myl
It. N. Sirs. J. E. PoCHE.
SIMS & POCHE,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
St. Jamess, La.
Office at F. P. Pochi'. Address: Convent
P. O.
LF Mr. Sims will be in St. James every
Monday. ap2l
PAINTING,
GRAINING,
CALCIMINING
and SIGN-WRITING.
Paper-Hanging a Specialty.
All orders addressed to me at Donaldson
ville will receive prompt attention.
R. J. GREEN.
H. C. GRUBE'S
Auction and Commission House,
Donaldsonville, La.
The undersigned is pleased to inform the
public that, having filed the bond required
by law and received tis commission froit
the Governor as an AUCTIONEER, lie is
now prepared to execute with promptness
and satisfaction all business in the auction
line with which he may be entrusted. Fur
niture and articles of every description
stored and sold on commission. Apply to
or address,
II. C. GlIUBE:
dl:3 Licensed and Bonded Auctioneer.
N. BEM,
DRUGGIST,
Corner Chetimaelhes and Mississippi Streets
Donaldsonville, La.
A complete stock of Pure Chemicals al
ways on hand. Prescriptions carefully coin.
piled at all hours. day or night. febl6
JOHN V, FORCHA,
Cistern Maker,
Railroad Avenue, opposite the Post-office,
flonaldisoaville. Las,.
All work guaranteed and satisfaction
warranted. Prices lower than the lowest:
For the CHIEF.
FIFTY-EIGHT.
BY LEO, NO. 2.
Fifty-eight! How time passes
Swiftly on the downward grade;
Pleasure's streams and grief's morasses,
A moment viewed-as quickly fade;
Onward flying, ever faster
Towards the station of the Master.
e In my youth, when tickets getting
For life's train, which ne'er delays,
Anxious to be ever meeting
With new scenes and bright displays,
I never thought, while in my glee,
Of the terminus-Eternity!
Fifty-eight-and a gleaming
Of the past eventful years,
Variegated, as the dreaming
Of alternate joys and fears
Softly on my meiu'ry rises
With its sorrows and surprises.
Much, too much, of folly's measure,
Heedless of its lessons plain,
Have I, in may greed for pleasure,
Supped-to find a keener pain;
Thus the foibles of my youth
Speak to-day in words of truth.
Fifty-eight! And how many
Of the moments past and gone,
Have I had of joy I Scarce any;
Of pure and perfect pleasureI None!
Of sorrow, without stint or measure,
Have I drank while seeking pleasure.
But why should I more than another,
Hope for joys that may not be t
Avaunt! I'll banish all the bother,
" Hopes deferred," anxiety
And all the dread of future woes
May rest, for me, in calm repose.
Fifty-eight-and the " Silver
Threads tmuong the gold " are gleaming.
What of that I 01d Time may pilfer,
But lie dare not dark the beaming
Of the hopes that round me shine,
As I wait for fifty-nine.
Waiting, joyous that I'm nearing
Those bright scenes of after life,
Peace and pleasure, never fearing
Any future woe or strife;
Waiting for the eternal real
Purer than the bright ideal.
AsstMvrrox, April Z7, 18Hi4).
For the Cutmr.
CAPTAIN IIOOM.-Soug.
Y7- A. J. REYNOLDS.
Ama-Sweet Bye-and-Bye.
There's a time coming soon again, boys,
If you wait, you'll see it's not far;
When the booming of Sambola's guns,
The streets of the city will jar.
CH11ORus.
Inl the sweet, bye-and-bye,
When again the mild lilies bloom;
In the sweet, bye-and-bye,
We will march with old Captain Boom.
The election will shortly begin,
And the parties will whoop, rear and shout;
And to ptt down the threatening mobs,
lir gallant boomer will go out.
Chorus.
And his bronze dogs will ope their dread
uouths,
And sweep the insurgents away;
And for the daunuge the booming has done,
The regiment will willingly pay.
Chorus.
And soon to Boston he will go,
And at Bunker hill he will boom;
And the echoes will ring far and wide,
Denoting the tyrant's sad doom.
Chorus.
And then from his trip he'll return,
Cover over with glory and famee;
And the boys will be joyous, and a er,
For the great boomer's glorious uInc.
Chorus.
DoNALosovi:Le, May 2, 188).
THE PRESS AND THE PLOW.
We envy not the princely man,
In city or in town,
Who wonders whether pumpkin vines
Turn up the hill or down.
We care not for his marble halls,
Nor yet his heaps of gold.
We would not own his sordid heart
For all his wealth twice told.
We are the favored ones of earth,
We breathe pure air each morn,
We sow, we reap the golden grain,
We gather in the corn.
We toil-%ve live on what we earn,
And more than this we do
We hear of starving millions round,
And gladly feed them too.
The lawyer lives on princely fees,
Yet drags a weary life,
He never knows a peaceful hour,
His admosphere is strife.
A merchant thumbs his yard stick o'er,
Grows haggard at his toil.
He's not the man God meant him for;
Why don't he till the soil.
The doctor plods through storm and rain
Plils at his patient's will;
When dead and gone, he plods again
To get his lengthy bill.
The printer-bless his noble soul !
He grasps the mighty earth.
And stamps it on our daily sLeets
To cheer the laborer's heart.
We Ding the honor of the plow,
And honor to the press
Two noble instruments of toil,
Each with a power to bless.
The bone, the nerve of this fast age,
True wealth of human kind ;
One tills the ever-faithful earth,
The other tills the mind.
A Western paper exclaimis:
Shall we live to see the day when
Ihe representative of each "protected"
interest will be honestly recognized
as such on the floor of the House, and
the Speaker will say: " The gentle
man from the Herkimer County Pulp
mill has the floor," or " Does the rep
resentative of the Chicago Linseed
Oil-work's yield to the representative
of the Iron and Steel Association, who
desires to ask him a question ! "
Wouldst thou be happy for a day,
get shaved; for a week, go to a wed
ding; for a month, get a fine saddle
horse; for six months, build a fine
house for thyself; for a whole year,
marry a beautiful young woman; for
two years inherit a rich uncle ; but it
thou wouldst be happy for all thy
life, be temupemate.
Our Broadbrim Letters.
The Madison Square Oalamity-Troub
lous Times among the Ohristians-A
Tailor's Fall from Grace-Suicides,
Summer Weather, Business, etc.
New YORK, May 1, 1880.
EDITOR CHIEF:
He is said to be worth one hundred
millions of dollars. Certain it is that
over fifty millions of United States
bonds stand registered in his name.
Besides a vast income from his in
terest in his present net-work of rail
roads, which cover the land like a
spider's web, he has other sources of
investment, which make him to-day
one of the richest, if not the richest,
man on the face of the earth. Wm.
H. Vanderbilt is the owner of the
Madison Square Garden, the only
place on the Island of Manhattan
where any thing like a multitude of
people can be congregated; if, in
deed, we except the American Insti
tute building, which is in the upper
portion of the city. The WhdisoL
Square Garden has witnessed many
changes within the last few years.
It was here that Moody and Sankey
held forth for many weeks, bringing
down a Pentecostal shower of blessing
on this wicked and God-forsaken city.
And here, a few weeks later, the great
Barnum, with his own greatest and
only show on the face of the earth,
improved our knowledge of natural
history with the only living Feejee
mermaid, tud the wonderful ten-tailed
kangaroo. Later still, the temple
which had been rocked from turret to
foundation stone with the inspired
strains of " Hold the Fort " and
"Ninety and Nine,".became the abode
of the vilest of the vile, and the most
shocking blasphemy drowned the last
echoes of the prayers for sinners,
which the departing evangelists sent
up to the throne of grace. It is only
a few months ago since a score of un
sexed women, miserable creatures
who had been abandoned by their
illegitimate profession, tramped for
six long and weary days and nights,
some of them dropping by the way.
side, never to rise again. During the
term of this disgraceful exhibition,
lawyers, merchants and even clergy
men, amid the fumes of tobacco smoke
and gin, listened to curses and oaths,
while the abandoned creatures, who
were the principal feature of the show, I
were tramping onward to their eter
nal ruin. Minghed with this carnival
of crime and sin comes the sweet
savor of precious and holy deeds. I
W:ien the cry of woe and want came
up from starving JIeland, it was here
that thousands upon thousands poured
out those generous gifts, which car
ried a thrill of joy into the mud cabins
of Wicklow and the hogs of Conna
mana. The latest assemnblaae that I
ever graced its walls was one of the
noblest and the best. The patrons of
the Ilahnemann Hospital fund are
among the wealthiest and most es
teemed portion of our citizens. When
ever an announcement has been made
for the la-refit of this noble charity,
they had but to open the doors to en
sure the liberal offerings of the very
best citizens of New York. As an
evidence of this, priceless art treas
ured were loaned to the Exhibition,
on which no money value could be
placed, for many of them were in the
possession of wealthy families, and
not to be purchased at any price. It
was here, only a few nights ago, that
the beauty and chivalry of New York
were gatheeed. A new addition had
been made to its already ample area,
by the owner, Mr. W. H. Vanderbilt;
the plans for the improvement were
said to have been furnished by him,e
and on the score of economy, I pre
sume, an 8-inch wall was run up, to
sustain a roof weighing many tons.
The possibility of the approaching
calamity was known many hours in
advance of the catastrophe; and, not
withstanding the knowledge which
the managers had of the danger, and
of which the public were ignorant,
they wilfully led thotsands upon
thousands into the death-trap, where
some were crushed to death, and
others maimed and disfigured for life,
filling this great city with such a cry
of agony as we have not had since
the Brooklyn fire. We have in this
city a Building Department, whose
duty it is to supervise the erection
and alteration of every building in
the city; this service costs us nearly
a quarter of a million dollars. The
Superintendent, who examined this,
death-trap, pronounced it safe; the
Architect, called in a few hours be
fore the calamity, to give his profes
sional opinion in regard to its secur
ity, declared theme was ceot the slight
est danger; and yet, in the height of
the festival, the walls toppled like a
house of cards, carrying death and
destruction in their wake. It will
only be a week or two when this
dreadful lesson will be forgotten, and
some new evangelist, or some fresh
contestant for a walking belt, will
completely eradicate all remembrance
of the calamity which has given to
the city such a Shudder. Meanwhile
it will be Interesting to know how far
Mr. Vanderbilt is implicated in the
transaction, and if it shall appear that,
to save a few thousand bricks, and a
few extra days labor, he wantonly
imperiled the lives of those who fre
quented his Garden, (hope the sub
stantial damages that he will have to
pay will be a caution to others having
charge of our public buildings, and
teach them that human life is some
thing that can not be trifled with,
with impunity.
The month of April, for many
years back, has been the season for
religious re-union. The opening buds
of Spring, the vernal green of the
grass, the sweet carol of the birds,
seemed to have a softening influence
on the hearts of men, and it appeared
as if they came together in a more
liberal and catholic spirit, prepared
in forgiveness and love, to imitate
the example of Him " who spake as
never man spake" before; but it
"seems the very error of the moon
that comes more near the earth than
she was wont, and makes men mad."
Our usually quiet and orderly friends,
the Quakers, are suffering another
internal earthquake between Ortho
dox and Hicksite. The aristocratic
Episcopalian Church finds its peace
endangered between anti-surplice,
holy water and genuflections. The
proud old Catholic Church finds un
repentant rebels in her midst, who
have received the imposition of
hands, and whose absolutions from
sin is just as valuable as that of Car.
dinal McCloskey or the Pope. The
Methodist conference was at logger
heads from the opening to the close
of its session, and now the Calvinistic
communion, represented by Dra. Tal
wage, Spear and Van Dyke, and
numerous smaller fry, open their
batteries on each other by an ex
change of compliments which, if
true, would render them fit for any
other vocation than the pulpit. I
was in hope that this unseemly, un
christian like and disreputable quar
rel would have ended a year ago;
but, like Banqro, Bro. Van Dyke
will not down, and I think that the
first peace of mind he is likely to ex
perience will be on the day of his
funeral.
You will doubtless remember that
I mentioned a trial wherein a woman
sued for the loss of her husband's
affection and support. The defendant
was a widow, fat, fair and 36, and
the cause of the disturbance, the com
plainant's husband, aged thirty years,
*little curly-headed tailor; weighing
107 pounds. The widow aforesaid
took a desperate fancy to the tailor;
the tailor's 'ouman did not fancy the
widow ; ' the tailor's 'ooman was
homely and poor; the widow was
fair to look upon, and loaded with
guilders. Flesh and blood is flesh
and blood, whether in tailor or Con
gressman, and it is not at all sur
prising that under the provocation,
the knight of the shears fell from
grace. So far every thing went lovely
with the widow and tailor; ice
creams, lager beer and pretzels, mit
schweitzer kase were among the
luxuries that made the breezes of
Coney Island appear like the Garden
of Eden, but the wife who was left in
her lonely home in Poughkeepsie
couldn't see it in that light, and she
determined to have her tailor or $20,
000. Now, $20,000 would be an exor
bitant price for a tailor, of reasona
ble proportion and orthodox weight.
The trial lasted several days, a won
derful deal of forensic eloquence was
exhausted on both sides. The com
plainant declared, aftem her lawyer
had closed, that she never knew le
fore how much she had been
wronged, and the defendant was
more than astonished to find tailors
were quite so valuable; $2500 were
the final damages assessed; the in
jured wife regretting that she had
not a few more to sell at the same
price; and the widow vowed that
$5000 would be no sum at all for such
an amiable, sweet little tailor.
Several frightful suicides have
frightened us from our propriety, two
of them being gentlemen of wealth,
for whose self destruction no reason
able cause can be assigned. In chris
tian charity let us hope that reason
tottered and fell " ere the silver
chord was loosed and the golden
bowl wa. broken," and that the inter
position of the Almighty saved them
from a crime scarcely less terrible
than murder.
It now looks as if we had done
with polar waves for a season, at
least, and as with the lengthening
days the disreputable gas-man dimin
ishes his bills, the infamous ice-umam
stands like a lion in the path, more
terrible than army with banners.
Wall street is again on the ragged
edge, and though the past week has
been more favorable to the " bulls"
than the week which preceded it,
still the wisest heads are unable to
tell what a day may bring forth.
The first of April, with its divi
dends and does, was going to make
money plenty, hut more tan half
the mouth has past, and Tur sacks
are not yet plethoric, and money
lenders are as scarce as huckleberries
in December.
The weather of the past few days
Las made us send up a prayer of
thanksgiving and praise for our
vicinage to Coney Island, Far Rock
away, Ocean Heach and Long Branch.
What dives in the rolling surf! Oys
ter parties, clam fritters, and ecstatic
walks on the sandy beach with the
girl that you adone; music by Gil
more and Levy, the soft shimmer of
the harvest moon upon the flashing
waves, and all that sort of thing.
Don't you wish you lived here I At
any rate, you are fortunate in having
a correspondent who will tell you all
about it, and who signs himself
Yours truly, TIROADBRIM.
Our Washington Letter.
Congress and the Geneva Award-The
Presidential Question-Legislators Re
fusing to Vote-The Cadet Outrage
Abolition of the Board of Indian Com
missioners-That Epio Poem, Etc.
WAsumNotox. D. C.. May 1, 1880.
EDIToR CHIEF :
The Senate continues the discus
sion of the question how to dispose of
what remains of the Geneva award
about ten millions. There being four
ways proposed to dispose of the
money-besides letting it alone-Sen
ators have a wide field for agreement
and disagreement. The chief inter
est in the debate, so far, has centered
in the speeches of Messrs. Thurman,
Blaine, Carpenter and Edmunds. The
speeches of Carpenter and Blaine were
personal to a degree not often known
in the Semite. I think the money will
remain in the Treasury, where it has
been all along. That seemed to be
Senator Edmunds' wish, and he found
no legal obligation on the part of the
government to pay out any of it. His
opinion upon questions of law goes a
great way in the Senate.
Interest here, however, is not so
much in the proceedings of Congress
as in what is being done in the State
political conventions. Not a delegate
is elected to such a body, whether in
New York, Virginia, or in " the con
tinuous woods where rolls the Ore
gon," but the fact is telegraphed here,
the man's presidential preferences
stated, and prophesies indulged in as
to the effect of his vote and influence.
It is only truth to say that the New
York Democratic Convention gave
the friends of Tilden here renewed
confidence. It may be fairly said,
however, that in the past week Han
cock's friends have expressed a hope
fulness new to them. So far as the
Republicans are concerned, Grant's
supporters are the most confident.
They, however, base their hopes on
promises which the Blaine men de
clare are not valid. The leading
Sherman men here claim a much
larger vote at Chicago than is con
ceded by supporters of Grant or
Blaine.
I wondexr i "il a
legislative body to adopt rules which
will compel legislators to vote when
ever present. Frequently in the
House of Representatives, a sufficient
number of members are present to
constitue a quorum, yet, because oif
refusals to vote, no business can be
transacted. This is nothing new, but
this gross impropriety is almost ex
clusively confioed to the United
States House of Representatives. I
do not recall any ii'staoce in which
Senators have thus blocked the trans
action of business, and the sin is rare
in State Legislatures. I commend to
Messrs. Randall, Garfield, Blackburn,
Frye, Stephens, and others when they
next have headquarters for a summer
at the principal watering places, an
attempt to produce a remedy for this
crying evil.
The outrage upon Whittaker at
West Point and the proceedings in
the trial are watched with great in
terest here. District Attorney Towns
end finds his position a very embar
assing one, but Gen. Schofield will
discover that his " pronunteamentos,"
insulting to the Secretary of War and
to the whole country, will not add to
his glory as a patriot or friend of lib
erty. The truth is, among the high
toned as istocracy of the army and its
officers, many of whom were Copper
heads during the war, army officers
who sympathize with the principles
established by the recent amendments
to the constitution are about as scarce
as heu's teeth and when the next re
bellion comes, out West Pointers, as
in the last " onpleasantness," will
many of them be skilled fighters
against the Union. It is high time
that the old hive at West Point was
tipped over, letting these aristocratic
top-lofty boarders of Uncle Sam go
to work and earn their bread by the
sweat of their brows, like other
Americati citizens.
The action of the House in abolish
ing the Board of Indian Commission
ers is a most unfortunate step, as it
breaks up all connection between the
missionary societies and the .great
work of Christianizing the Indians,
which was inaugurated as the peace
policy by Gen. Grant and which was
so successful during his entire admin
istration. The cause has suffered
from the action of the appointees up
on the Board. Hayt, himself after
wards the disgraced Commissioner,
was a long time a member of the
Board, its secretary four years, draw
ing a large salary and rendering very
little service, being at the same time
president of a bank and often absent
from his duties for weeks and months.
What else could be expected but that
there must be an end to the* Board I
and now the good work must stop.
r The sweet singer of Michigan is
cast into the shade. The Hon. S. W.
- Downey, Delegate from Wyoming,
under leave to print his speech upon
the bill appropriating 9500,000 " to
commemorate in suitable- paintings
upon the walls of the National Caps
f tol the birth, life, death and resurree
tion of our Saviour Jesus Christ, as
told by the four Gospels of Matthew,
Mark, Luke and John," inserted in
the Congressional Record a poem of
thirty two columns entitled "The Im
mortals." The House was greatly ex
cited over the matter and it was re
ferred to the committee on rules.
Whether the poem or the Hon. Mem
ber will be kicked out remains to be
seen.
The oleomargarine committee in
Congress are muddled over the mag
nitude of the question. They have
visited the works and find that the
material used is the best of beef tal
low. It is ground fine, like mines
meat, boiled, and undergoes various
processes of straining and steaming,
etc., until it presents the appearance
of a rich fatty substance. Mixed with
sweet milk and churned like butter,
when it emerges ftom this process
not only has it the smell of butter,
but very much the flavor of it when
manufactured from the smilkgof grass
fed cows.
The House has accepted the small
writing desk on which the Declara
tion of Independence was written by
Thomas Jefferson with a Ietter of
transmittal fronm Hon. R. C. Win
throp expressing the wish of the do.
nors to offer it to the United S~ttes,
that it might have a place in the De
partment of State in connection- with
the immortal instrument which has
been written upon it.
Treasurer Gilfllan who has a way
of getting at loggerheads with various
Departments is now in confiet with
the Comptroller of the Currency upon
the right of the National Banks to re
tire their currency and take up their
bonds uuder the amendatory act of
was sustained by the Seretary where.
upon the Treasurer appealed to the
Attorney General whose decision will
be wade public in a few days. It is a
matter of great interest to National
Banks. SENTINEL.
National Sovereignty and States'
lights.
The subjoined extracts from the
several recent decisions of the United
States Supreme Coumt which created
such general interest throughout the
country, will illustrate the general
principles advanced upon the relative
rights and powers of the national and
State governments:
* * * The true doctrine, as we
conceive, is this, that whilst the States
are really sovereign as to all matters
which have not been granted to the
juteidiction and control of the United
States, the Constitution and constitu
tional laws of the latter are the su
preme law of the land; and when
they conflict with the laws of the
States, they are of paramount an
thority and obligation. This is the
fundamental principle on which the
authority of the constitution is bused,
and un'ess it be conceded in practice,
as well.as theory, the fabric of our
institutions, as it was contemplated
by its founders, can not stand. The
questions involved have respect not
more to the autonomy and existence
of the States, than to the continued
existence of the United States as a
government to which every American
citizen may look for security and pro
tection in every part of the land.
* * * A law of Congress inter
penetrates and becomes a part of
every law of every State of this Union
to which its subject matter is appli
cable, and is binding upon all people
on every foot of our soil. This ins the
voice of the Constitution.
" IF * The United States is a
government with authority extending
over the whole territory of the Union,
acting upon the States and the people
of the States. While it is limited is
the numnbr of its powers, so far as its
sovereignty extends, it is spgireme.
No State can exclude it from exeppis
ing any authority conferred uponi it
by the Constitution, obstruct its an
thorized officers against its will, or
withhold from it, for a moment, the.
cognizance of any subject which that
instrument lan can.nmitttd to it.
The genetal government must cease
to exist whenever it loses the power
of protecting itself in the exercise of
its constitutiomanml powers. It can only
act through its officers and agents,
and they nmust act within the States.
If, when thus acting, and within the
scope of their authority, those filcers
can he arrested and brought to trial
in a State court, for an alleged offense
against the law if the State, yet war
ranind by the federal authority they
possess, and if the general govern
ment is powerless to interfere at once
for their protection-if tleiar protec
tion must be left to the action ot the
State court-the operations of the
gemeral government may at any time
be arrested at the .ill of one of its
members. No euch lement of weak
ness is to be found in the C vontitua io

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