Newspaper Page Text
THE DONALDSONVILLE CHIEF.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE PARISH OF ASCENSION AND TOWN OF DONALDSONVILLE. VOLUME IX. DONALDSONVILLE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1880. NUMBER 41. 8n113bs DnbiI 41Arid. Amicus Humrnai Generis. A Wide-Awake Home Newspaper 'Publisbed Every Saturday, at -Donaldsonville,Ascension Parish,L.,, -BY LINDEN E. BENTLEY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPT IO¥N: One copy, e e.yoa.,...........-----....$2 00 One cepy, si inolths,.............-.. 1 25 jizx copies, one year,.-............... 10 00 t'wolve copies, one year,............18 00 Payable invariably in advance. A DVrRTISIG RATES: '-)ne inch of space constitutes a "square." squ.isLes.r I to. O iuof.los. t i' ues. I year SslaLrC.. $.3 0U $5 00`$6 50;$11 00 $1500 Ssja1tres. 5 0I) 8 00 9 50 15 00 20 00 3 gl:: 7 70. 11 00 19 50 1900 25 00 4 asiures. 8 9) 14 00 15 00 23 00 3i 00 5sj,s1tres. 10 0) 16 00 17 00 2700 3500 6i s.ures. . 11 53. 18 00 19 00 30 00 40 00 7sj,'Isr is. 1353 200 21 00 33 00 44 00 8 ,.:1ares. 15 03 22 00 24 00 36 00 48 00 Sco1a;nu. "0 00 30 00 35 00 45 001 60 00 a c.luain. 30 00 40 00 45 00 55 0 75 00 1 column. 4i 00 50 00 55 00 65 00 100 00 Triausient advertisements $1 per square first insertion; each subsequent insertion, 73 cents per square. Otflii amrvertisexents $1 per square first insertion; enac subsequent publication 50 cents per square. Elittoria notices, first insertion, 20 rents per line; subsequently, 10 cents per line. Cards of six lines or less in Business Di rectory, five dollars per annum. Brief commmnutceationus upon subjects of public interest solicitcd. No attention paid to anonymous letters. The editor is not responsible for the views of correspondents. Address: CHIEF, Donaldsonville. La. SDONAL DSONVILLE BUSINESS DIRECTORY. DRY GOODS, GRIOCERIES, Etc. A .1) VEGA, Agent, dealer in Dry Goods, SNotions, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Groceries, Liquors, Furniture, Hard ware, Tobaoeo, Paints, Oils, Glass, Lumber, Bricks, Carts and Wagons; Loeb's corner, Railroad Avenue and Mississippi street. IIERNARD LEMANN, dealer in Western 1) Produce, fancy and staple Groceries, Liquors, llardware, Iron, Paints, Oils. Carts, 1'lows, Salildlexy, Stoves and Tinware, Fur niture. Crockery, Wall Paper and House Furnishing Goods, Mississippi street, corner Crescent Place. OSEPI' GON I)IRAN, dealer in Clothing, S DI)ry Goods, Notions, Huts, Grooeries, Wines, Liquors, loots, Shoes, Hardware, Paints, Oils, Saddlery, Crockery, Furniture 'aitid all kinds of House Furnishing Goods, No. 14 Mississippi street. S'OBIAS, dealer in Groceries, Dry M.eV Goods, Clothing, Notions, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Furniture, Hardware, Crock ery, Trunks, etc., corner Mississippi and St. Patrick streets and No. 24 Railroad Avenue. Everything at lowest figures. C KLINE, corner Crescent Place and C Hlonumas street, dealer in Dry Goods, Notions, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Pro visions, Corn, Oats and Bran. M " ISRAEL & CO., denies in Dry Goods, . Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Saddlery, Buggies, etc., corner Mississippi street and Railroad Avenue. S MOYSE, dealer in Dry Goods, Cloth • ing, Boots, Shoes, Ihits, Groceries, Furniture, Hardware and Plantation Sup plies, at the old Post-qfivestand, Mississippi street. S WEINSCHENCK, dealer in Dry Goods, • Notions, Clothing, ,Groceries, Hard ware, lints, Boots and Shoes, and general Plantation Supplies. Railroad Avenue, be twaito Ilberville and Attakapas streets. NO. SOLOZANO, dealer in Groceries, Winucs and Liquors, Crockery, Tinware, Notions, etc. No. 21 Railroad Avenue, be tween Conway and St, Michael streets, )ounaldsonviile. ) T. BABIN, dealer in Choice Family " Groceries,Wines and Liquors, Lamps, Oils., etc. I)Darrowville, near ferry landing, and opposite D)onaldsonville, LIQUOIR AND BILLIARD SALOONS. T IE PLACE, Gus. Israel, manager, Corner Lessard and Mississippi streets. Billiards, Lager Beer, Best Wines and Liquors, Fine Cigars, etc. |BUTCIIERS' EXCHANGE, P. Mollere, IJ proprietor, Criscent Place, opposite the Market-llouse. Best of Wities, Liquors and Cigars always kept at the bar. HOTELS AND BOARDING-HOUSES. R ORT. E. LEE HOTEL, at Marx Israel's old stand, corner Mississippi and Les sard streets. Jos. Lafargue, proprietor. Bar niid bil}ijad room attached. First-class en -.ertainment and acconmmodations. R IVERSI DE HIOTEL and BAR1-F.OOM, lis Missippi street. Fred. Rogge, Pro prietor. Boarding and lodging at reasonable -ates. Table always supplied with the best the masrket afolrds. Special and comfortable aceommwnodations for transient boarders. jT. LOUIS HOTEL, Lucy Butler, pro kprietor, Crescent Place, near the wharf. 'irst-class Board and Lodging at reason;alle ITY lIIOTEJA, P. eol.vre. Proprietor, L.ailr,.ud Avenue, cot:. 4berville street. liar supplied with best Liquors. CONFECTIONERIES. U.HILIP GEIGER'S Confectiouery and 1 F rlit ,:ore, Mississippi street, adloiing 1.0hAp's oild stand. Cakes, Soda Water. NTts. Tots and Fancy Articles. N -NA LAl SONV'LE CQNFECTIONERY, D by A. m(rilhe, Mississippi street. near . Paitrick. Branch on Railroad -Avenue, neac Opel.l tsas 4treet. Cakes. Fruits. Nuts. Soda Water, I;t Cre:an. t ake.. ice Cream and Syrups for weddiugs and parties fur nished on short notice. CIGAR DEAE.I.L JOS. THOMPSON. Railroad Avenue. next door to corner of Conway street. Dear Slie d.pot,. dealer in Havana and D,,maesti: ('i.ar. T'.bacco, Snuff. Pipes, etc. - MiLTINERY. R~ . Mr . . BLUM. Milliner. Mississippi ,.VL street. between Lessard and St. Pat ri.k. Lstc.t styles of Bonnets, Hats. Frenchl flowers. etc : atl,. all kinds of TLadies Un .ierw ar. rE ,. l'EVHIER. Milliner; all kindsof fVllaTs. llh,unets. Trimmings. Artificial ",.r, aii t 'u,, Article cs. orner Mlissis ,, i ..v le .~.s rt streets. SEWING MACHINES. Singer Sewing Machine DEPOT, corner Mississippi and Lessard streets. A. Combe.....................Manager, Mrs. Octavia Illey,-............. Saleslady LIVERY STABLES & UNDERTAKING. SCHONBERG'S Livery, Feed and Sale Stable and Undertaker's Establishment, Railread Avenue, between Iberville and At tat-sps steets. 'Competition defied. DRUGS AND MEDICINES. B RYBISKI, Apothecary and Drugg.st, " Mississippi street, between St. Patrick and St. Vincent streets, adjoining Gondran's store. CENTRAL DRUG STORE, corner Rail road Avenue and Iberville street, L. Blanchard, proprietor. Fresh Drags and Medicines. HOUSE AND SIGN PAINTING. R J. GREF , House, Sign and Ornamen R * tal Painter, Railroad Avenue, near Claiborne street. Paper-hanging and CalMe mining in superior style. BARBER SHOP. L L. FERNANDEZ. Barber Shlop, Mis J sissippi Street, near corner Lessard. Shaving, hair-cutting, shampooing, etc., in most artistic style. TINSMITH. T OUIS J. RACKE, Tinsmith, Mississippi street, at Lemann's old stand. Orders attended to with dispatch aid satisfaction insured. IBOOT AND SHOE MAKING. S GOETTE, Boot and Shoemaker, Mis * sisslppi street, opposite Maurin's store. All work in best style at bottom prices. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Frederick Duffel, R. Prosper Landry. DUFFEL $. LANDRY, Attorneys at Law. Office on Chetimaches street, just back of the Court-House. EDWARD N. PUGH, Attorney at Law, Attakapas street, opposite Louisiana Square. Visits Nanolconville on Mondavs. SODA WATER MANUFACTORY. IODA WATER MANUFACTORY, II. S ether, proprietor, No. 1 Mississippi street. Soda, Mineral, Seltzer and all kinds of. aerated waters manufactured, and sold at lowest prices. SADDLEI~.---HARNESS -MAIRING. FREI)ERICK BRENN, Saddler and iHar ness Maker, 159 Railroad Avenue. Sad dies and harness of all styles and prices made to order. All orders for repairing and painting of Carriages and Buggies promptly executed. Di'. P. J. Friedriclls, L of New Orleans Is now permanently located on Railroad Avenue between Mississippi and Iberville streets DR. A. C. LOVE, )arrowville, La. Left bank Mississippi river, opposite Don aldsonville. Office and residence at Gibson's Hotel. DI. J. B. VANDEGRIFF OFFICE : Attakapas street, near the Court-House, Dionaldsonville, La. R . M. McGALLIA RD Office in .esceit iPatre. i)onaldsonville, Lan. J D. HANSON, MI. D. OFFICE: Corner Iberville street and Railroad Avenue, next door to Central Drug Store, Donaldsonville, La. LAW AND NOTARIAL OFFICE. R. N. Sin's, ATTORBNAT AT LAW, Donaldsourille, La. Practice in Ascension, Assumption and St. James. " * inch22-ly PAUL LECHE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Donaldsonville, La., Office: One block below the Court IHouse, on Attakapas street. miy24-ly .B. EARHART, AWTTORW.Y AT LAW, O()ffice: Opposite the Court-House, Donaldsonville, La. Practices in the Twenty-Second Judicial District (comprising St. James and Asese sion parishes), and in the Supreme and United States Courts. myl R. N. SiMs. J. E. PocnE. SIMS & POCIIE, ATWORaNZS AT LAW, St, Jamues, La. Office at F. P. Pochm's. Address; Convent P. O. -P~ Mr. Sims will be in St. James every Monday. ap24 II. C. GRUBE'S Auction and Commission House, Donaldsonville, La. The undersigned is pleased to inform the public that. having filed the bond required by law and received his commission from the Governor as an AUCTIONEER, he is now prepared to execute with prompltness and satisfaction all business in the auction line with which he may be entrnsted. Fur niture and articlces of every description stored and sold on commission. Apply to or address, II. C. GRUBE: dl:l Licensed and Bonded Auctioneer. N. EEL, DRUGGIST, Corner i 'hetiumaches and Mississippi Streets Donaldsonville, La. A complete stock of Pure Chemicals al wsavs on hand. Prescriptions carefully com piiled at all hours. day or night. febhl6 JOiH(N P. FOICHA, Cistern Maker, Railroad Avenue, opposite the Post-office, Donaldsonville, La. All work guaranteed and satisfantion 1` warranted. Prices lower than the lowest. A LOVER'S QUAREL. I could not hear all that'theyinusthavesaid; But as I sat beside the little stream I watch them ,part with jnst one angry word. She passed me quickly, with a down drooped head, Redcheeks, eyes flashing with a scornful gleam, A hasty step, as by deep passina stirred. She did not turn, nor look back where he stood, But vanished q'uickly in the thick green wood. I watched him sigh, then noted how he gazed At her retreating form; he whistled low And softly to himself: in deepest thought He whispered, " Is she vexed I "-then was amazed That 'twas. in truth, she really meant to go. He looked once more, as if indeed he sought To bring her back, but on she went that day Then he went too-but 'twas the other way. They never met again; but oft I see The girl, a woman f.own, come by this seat, And gaze into the stream with tear worn eyes! And then I wonder why such things should be! If she had turned her bead, or stayed he1 feet, Life would have altered, love's bright, sunny skies Shone e'er her forever ! 'Tis but things like this That form our lives, and make our woe or bliss. -All the Year Round. an, one of the party of thirty er., ,re for Kansas on the steamer Belle of reveport, on the 7th of last April, re rued this week and reports that, hav visited the promised land of Kansas d satisfied himself of the falsity of the travagant stories circulated here re- 1 ecting the advantages offered to im- I grants in tlhat State, he has concluded it Louisinila is the better place of the t o, particularly for people of his race. 0 says there has been and still is coil lerable suffering among the colored plle who have gone from the South to section of Kansas lie visited; that s tst of them would like to return, but any are without means to do so. Those ' o are ablo to make their way back to I Louis readily receive employment, as nuts df cotton planters are located wre on the look out for hands, and fur- C .h transportation South to all laborers th whom they make contracts. Shed- a k's observations of Kansas were con ed principally to the Northeastern A rt of the State, in and around Wash- I -ton county, on the Nebraska border, g 1d it is reasonable to presnume that the indition of affairs existing there is in ative of that prevailing in other sec - .. ..- - - . ý . .. . 1 . ,- = ý - ~m • s .Give us a Sunday Law. llouma Courier. * * * Aside from the moral ef fect, is any ma1n, woman or child, any better off for ti orking on Sunday f Does any ilerchant or business man make any more by keeping his store openL, or attending his place of busi ness on Sunday I We think not; it is a physical as well as a moral law, that the body" needs rest one day in seven; the business lanio needs rest, his clerks need rest, and if they get it as they ought, they will coime into the store or office Monday morning, refreshed and prepared to resume the duties of the week, with a vigor they can not feel if they have stood be hind the counte r sor t at tile desk all day Sunday. The law of tile Uni ted States and of every State in the Union recognizes in its - acts te Sab bath day, alind no alt passed on that day is legal. The lmerehnutts make this excuse in regard to closing their stores on Sun day, they say, "' If all would close, I will close, but if I close my store, others will take advantage and reap the benefit." Nothing will obviate this diffticulty but a Sunday law re quiring all places of business to be closed on Sunday. We are in favor of it, and we do say, that we believe this State and parish would be more benlefitted by such a law, rigidly en flrted, than it is even by the public sch.ol system, which is saying a great deal. We do not believe in the old puri tanic laws; they cat ried the thing as far to the one extreme as we of to day are ca;rying it to the other. When we pass along the streets of ouIr town on Sunday and see every store in town open, every coffee-house and billiard rooml in full blast, and the red flag of the auctioneer flung to the breeze, while a colored boy beats a drum with might and main, and the voice of the auctioneer is heLard "just a going, wLat do I heart " it is cer tainly not very elevating. Just From Paris. San Francisco News Letter. To suppose that the French bonnes brought back from " Yurrup" by re cently returned maitres familles, and whose white caps and aprons have attracted so much atteutiou of late in the streets near the principal hotels, are employecd for the purpose of "learning " the children French, is a mistake. Monsieur Henri de Char ville, a genial assistant at the Maison Doree, is entitled to first place toi tile discovery of the error. He was saun tering up Market street neal the Pal ace the other morning, on his way to where Ihis short, gingham jacket hangs on a peg behind the door, when lhe spied a brace of tfemale kids, Witll hair- banged foleheads and black stockings in charge of a damsel, tile roseate hue of whose cheeks, the quiet i gray of whose skirts, tile delicious whiteness of whose cap and apron in short, the completeness of whose SParisian "get-up " brought him back to the Boulevards, the Champs Ely sees, the Jardin des Plantes, and all the rest of them. Doffing his hat, with his politest bow, as was his wont in the home of his boyhood, he saluted Mademoiselle thusly : "Bon jour, i m'mselle. Je suis enchante de vous voir Sce matin." Mademoiselle looked at hiim a minute, and then, in the choicest tParisiain, replied : " Fwat do yez take me furr, anyhow I Do yez tihink I'm a Choinay?'" Our Broadbrim Letters. Busy Times-An Imported Saint-A Barber Baron-Bad Death of a Prima Donna-The Wheat Sharks, etc. NEW YoRK, June 12, 1880. EDITOR CHIEF: A busy week; a very busy week, commencing with the tribute to our patriot dead, and ending with the grand re-union of 1500 saw-bones, gathered from all parts of the laud, and whose learned discussions on sphymogranls, autopsies, chrysopho iic acid, pains, aches, dislocations, contusions, amputations, contagious diseases, and all sorts of evils that make mankind continually miserable, was somethling marvelous to listen to, as indeed it was incomprehensible to he'ar. Then there was the assembling of the Masonic Grand Lodge, and tihe election of a Grand Master and a number of lesser officers. The Hick site Quakers had a peaceful meeting; and the refuse vagabon ds who went to the Goss and Ryan fight, and who escaped the penitentiary they so emi nently deserved, are all, I am happy to state, at home, and considering the circumstances, as well as couli pos sibly be expected. Nothing astonishes me now; I am prepared for almost any kind of sae lilege. What say you to seizing the bones of a saint in New York t none of your humbug saints, made out of wax and papier mache, but a real, genuine, bona fide saint, one of whose toe-nails is worth more from a sani tary point, than thle assembled wis dom of tihe 1500 doctors who were just gathered here in solemn con clave. The saint, nicely boxed, and in about as good condition as a saint could be expected to be who had been under the sod for 1400 years, arrived here from Rome last week. His pedi gree was complete, and his canoni i zation properly authenticated. Though coming from Rome, I suspect lie was not a native Italian, for the name on the coffin was "Saint Dniscolius." Now, tihe "ins" could never deceive any man who had knocked about every part of Ireland, from the Cur rua of Kildare to'Bantry Bay. De prived of its Latin appendage, thbere is no doubt but the saint's name was, originally, Patrick or Terrance Dris coil; but that makes no difference; he was a good, genuine saint never tlheless, and was able to cure any thing, friom cholera morbus to tri chinosis. I never knew before that there was a duty on saints. Instead of encouraging the impor tation of these beneficent ghosts, the miserable Government has actually laid a duty on them. Right across. from New York, in the State of New Jersey, we have the shini-bone of a saint that can cure a broken leg any time, and as for fits-well, it's of no use for any one to try and have fits where that shin-bone is, for St. Benedict would knock them higher than a kite. When Bristow was Secretary of the Treas ury, lie admitted St. Benedict free of duty, expecting, no doubt, when the presidential contest came off, that the good saint would not forget him; but, I regret to add, the saint went back on him and Bristow was beaten, thioughi there is no doubt but a small piiece of St. Benedict's shin-bone would havepulled him through. The difficulty with regard to the appraise ment of St. Driscoll appears to be thlat no one but a Bishop can break thie seals on the sarncophangus for a custonm-house officer to attempt it would be sacrilege, and the chances are two to one if he attempted it, that thie saint would knock him down; or perlhaps an explosion would take plalce,-worse than nitro-glycerine, that Iwould blow the custom-house into sm;nithereens, and teach these ofticial reprobates that saints, especially Irishl saints, are not to be fooled with. Tihe bones of St. Driscoll are encasedl in costly silks and velvets, and the duty on the nraw material would be $50. A Mr. McSorley, who appears as tine guardlian of Ihis saintsliip'os Ioes, has taken an appleal to thie Secret;u'y of tihe T'reasury; and, as our worthy Secretary is known to have a pretty good opinion of saints in general, I hope St. Driscoll's hat may be chalked duty free. Another romance has been 411icov ered, but unfortunately not until the imposter was laid in his grave. A few days ago, a stranger of distin guished appearance arrivtd in New York, and, as he sported a wealth of Pundreary whiskers, and spoke three or four languages fluently, it was not long before he gained a footing in good society. He passed for a dis. tinguislled medical practitioner, and artfully hinted that he was heir to a baronetcy, and so it was nnderstood in the circle in which he moved. In the due course of time he captivated the affections of a very worthy lady, who sighed for one of his magnificent apartments in his castle on the Rhine. Remarkable as it may seem, the Ba ron did not long for the sight of his native land. America wasgoodenough for him. Matters went on this way several years; and, to give the Baron his due, he conducted himself as well as a Baron could be expected to do, whose remittances from abroad were irregular, and who was frequently short of cash; but one day death stepped in and walked off with the Baron, and then came the discovery of his successful fraud, which had stood unchallenged for twenty years. The Baron was a barber-only this and nothing more; but no doubt he was just as good a nobleman as nine tenths of the titled vagabonds who float upon the surface of American society, or capture the fortunes of our American heiresses while traveling abroad. A few years ago, a lovely girl in Western New York was discovered, who had a phenomenal voice. Her parents were poor, her relations were poor, and none of them were able to assist her. By the aid of the Member of Congress in her district, she found her way to the city of Washington, and there procured a situation in one of the Government departments. While there she attracted the atten tion of a distinguished statesman, who was understood to be a candidate for the Presidency, and he took her under his protection, and sent her abroad. Years of long and patient study followed, and under careful and experienced teachers, her voice uipened into an organ of wonderful brilliancy. After years of struggle, at last the supreme hour of trial came, and with it her triumph, and the poor American girl found herself the lion of the saloons of London and Paris. Milan and Naples greeted her, and for a time it seemed as it she had the whole world at her feet. While in Florence it was her fortune, in an evil hour, to meet one of those titled rascals who are constantly on the lookout for just such game. The un fortunate prima donna became in fatuated with this scoundrel, and against the protest of her mother, her sisters and her friends, he married her. From the hour they left the altar, the high-spirited American girl seemed to have lost all control of herself; and as if under the spirit of witchery, she followed him like a spaniel. No abuse or neglect could shake her infatuation. She went upon the stage, and he took every penny of her earnings, denying her even the commonest necessaries of life. She appeared in New York in one of the most popular operas of the day, but her heart was breaking, and after a desperate struggle against fate, she was obliged to leave the stage, and, though dying, her mother and her sisters were denied admission to her. A few days ago she passed the dark shadow of the valley, svith none whom she loved near her, a poor wreck, cast like driftwood upon the shore. The wheat syndicate is looking anx iously towards settling day. The ap proach of harvest has brought only partial relief, and freights for Europe are still ruinously low. The struggle between the great foreign buyers and the grain sharks has been a desperate one. The wheat grabbers counted on the necessities of nearly ar hundred millions of people. The starvation in Ireland gave them the most unquali tied joy. They were in hopes it would extend all over Europe. Th'le cry of famishing millions was like music to their ears, and they deliberately sat down to plan how to capture the 183 millions of surplus wheat which the United States had to offer to the dif ferent nations of the earth. The wildest days of the Gold Room spec ulation never showed any thing like it. Large and small banks, capital ists in every quarter of the land were drawn into the speculation; and then slowly but surely they began to draw the serpent fold all over the globe. Here in New York we have been pay ing eight and nine dollars for flour worth five and six. Europe, too, has been compelled to pay its tribute.' Hundreds of ships have been kept in idleness; much suffering has followed, hut we are in hope that the day of reckoning is not far off, and that, be fore sixty days are past, the villains engaged in this nefarions business will be involved in one common ruin. The new Mining-stock Board opened with a flourish of trumpets on Tues day. So far there has been no boom. General stocks are much depressed, though the clouds seem to be break ing. The long-expected rain has made the weather delightful, and those of us who had the good fortune to keep I away from Chicago are looking for I tr reward to Coney Island. Yours truly, BRIOADDRIM, Our Washington Letter. The Republican Noaminees-The Ticket considered a Strong, One-A Lasy Oongress-Injustice to the District of Oolumbia, etc WASIIINrTON. D. C..June 9, 1880. EnrTOR CIuEF: It must be that the American peo ple are becoming more and more ex citable. The wild confusion at Chi cago was almost paralleled in the House of Representatives yesterday when General Garfield's nomination was announced. Members threw up their hats and canes and cheered un til business had to be suspended. Democrats exhibited almost as lively an interest in the result as did Repub licans. Of the strength of the ticket-Gar field and Arthur--there is a great dif ference of opinion amlong both Demo crate and Republicans, but the gener al opinion is, I think, that it will run better than would a ticket headed by either Grant o' Blaine. It is plain, from general conversation here among politicians, that the )emocray will do their best to select men at Cincinnati, without regard to individual " claims" of such a character as to give Garfield's friends abundant chance for exertion. It is a matter of regret to all Repub licans that the prominent men of the party, such men as Grant, Blaine, Conkling and.Logan, become so bitter as to play the part of dog in the man ger. Grant was determined if he didn't get the nomination Blaine shouldn't, and the field combined in a determination that Grant should not have it any how. The Republic an party seems afflicted with dark Iholes. Its first President was a dark horse, Hayes a dark horse, and now Garfield, its last nomi':ee, is a dark horse. But, as I have said before, Garfield has elements of strength that will combine his party, and all Re publicans will work heartily to elect him. Congress is a lazfbody lately. It is Lot attempting to push business, but will probably be ready for ad journment by tihe 15th or 18th. In fact, every thing is in Ord r so that a little effort would dispose of all un finished business which any one antici pates will be disposed of. Yesterday the Senate Chaplain's prayer wa,s ad dressed to only a few persons. Those Representatives who believe in action at this session on some parts of the tariff scored a nominal victory yesterday. No changes were made except as to a small class of articles to be imported prior to January 1881, under contracts entered into before March 1, 1880, but the action was gratifying to many members. If re saen nAe yin&LesteAdy t1h 11UA1 of West Virginia presented the report of the Conference Committee on the Legislative bill, and said there was no hope for an agreement as to the salaries of the Senate employees, which was the bone of contention in the bill. Mr. Vorhees moved a new committee and had it instructed to adhere to the Senate amendment. Our people here are very much dis appointed by the action of Congress in relation to the District of Columbia. Two years ago it was decided that the United States would pay one-half of the expenses of the District. This was done, as we have said before, on the basis of ownership of property, the United States owning fully cue half the real estate here. It was a matter of justice nhmg delayed, and they congratulated themselves on the result of the action of Congress in this particular. Now it seems that the present Con gress has determined to render the former act void practically, by im posing upon the District burdens which do not belong to it. The most unjust and unreasonable of these is Scausing the payment as provided by the recent sundry civil appropriation bill, by the people of the District, of one-half the expenses of the United States Courts here. For this there is absolutely no excuse or reason. The people here have no money to pay the expenses of carrying on the cortts for the benefit ot the country at large. In all the States the United States Courts are supported by appropriations by Congress. These courts are for the people at large, and the taxes paid to the United States are used fur the purpose of paying such expenses. The people of the States might just as hell ie compelled to pay the expenses of the United States Courts from their State Treasury as to call upon tre people of the District to pay from its treasury the funds needed for the use of the courts here. The change in the weat her during the last few days has been most wel come. The unprecedented heat of the month of May proved almost too much for us. It is seldom that we suffer more from the heat in July or I August than we did many days in I May. But that is now over and we I seem to have entered upon our Spring I weather in proper shape. SENTINEL. Scientiftc Miscellany. -The moon was once a region of in tense activity, as is clearly shown by the vast volcanic craters covering its sur face, amtht has long been believed that all changes in its form due to cooling from a molten mass ceased ages ago, leaving our satellite a cold, dead world. Recent observations, however, have shown a great black crater, over three miles in diameter, which was never seen prior to 1876. As many very minute features in the same vicinity were map ped by careful observers before that time, it can hardly be supposed that the existence of so large an object could have escaped notice. The conclusion is therefore drawn that the crater was formed during the year 1876 or 1877. This would seem to indicate that the moon's internal fires are not yet comn pletely extinguished, and it is possible: that some day we may witness the inter esting spectacle of an active lunar vol cano. -Five entombed skeletons have been discovered in Switzerland, which, from the absence of metal ornaments and other indications, are supposed to belong to an age prior to that of bronze. -Dr.'Schmidt has proven by experi ment that sponges may be grown artifi cially. A sponge is cut into small pieces, which are fastened to a pile and im mersed in the sea, where they rapidly grow into perfect sponges. The systemt has been adopted by the Austrian Gov ernment, and is being carried out on the Dalmatian coast. -Attention has been called to the ex istence of large apiaries in a crowded quarter of Paris. From sugar-refineries in the vicinity the bees secure an abun dant supply of sweets, making the hives a profitable investment to their owners. -A correspondent of a T'f;suaiiuai journal records an instanceof the self poisoning of a snake. The reptile being pinned to the ground by a forked stick instantly buried its fangs in its own body. Its coils around the stick quickly relaxed and in less than three minutes the snake was dead from the effects of its venom. -Drs. De La Rue and Muller have de termined the height at which the aurora borealis has its greatest brilliancy to be about 38 miles, when it should be visi ble to a distance of nearly 600 miles. At a height of 81 miles the lighlt . y ipaile annd faTnt, and 124 mfies above the earth's surface no electric discharge can take place to produce the phenomenon, They conclude that the aurora may oc cur at times at an altitude of a few thousand feet. -German manufacturers have fount) another use for paper. They make stoves of that material, in which the fire blazes cheefully without the slightest injury to the paper enclosing it. -The present centre of interest to Eu glish geologists is a newly-discovered fossil forest in an Oldhltam quarry. About a dozen trees have been found, some of them over two feet in diameter. Near their roots are numerous impras sionsofferns and otber plant's. It is con sidered somewhat remarkable that, al though the trees belong to the middle coal-measure period, no coal has been found near them. -Am.azed the other day at the ralpit growth of fungus, a botanist calculated that it had developed 10,000,000 cells in one day, or 116 oells a seconutl. Prof. Gray, however, cites an instance where a century plant formed 2,000,000,000 cells in twenty-four hours, or 2.1,4! 1 a second. -It is estimated that 70 years and $1,000,000 will be required to complete the excavations at Pompeii. -According to the generally acepted theory, what we call light is impression prodneed upon the retina by the wave like motion of particles of matter. The lengths of these nldulations have bheen measured, and it is shown that :l6,91ý waves of red light, or 64,631 waves of violet light, placed end to end, are re quired to make a single inch. From the velocity of light it has been proved that more than 450 millions of millions of these minute waves flow into the eye and dash against the retina in each sec ond of time. --The animal king; of the world is Hartmann, of Berlin, from whose great gardens come most of the wild beasts exhibited in this country, His collectors are mainly young zological students ir trained hnnterse and they secure for him the animnals of all countries-which afterward appear in numeroul: "greatest shows on eart h." -A submarine volcanic eruption was lately observed near Corsica. It lasted about an hour, producing much agita tion of the sea, while the air bccame charged with sulphurous vapor. -An old millstone, t;:e and a hal feet in diameter and seven inches thick, with a central hole e'even inches in diameter, was left in an English orchard ma.y years ago. In 1812 a filbert-tree sprouted from the earth at the bottom o, the hole, and gr~dually increased in size front year to year until, in 1838, it wan found that tho tree had completely filled the hcle anl aetnally lifted the stone from the glamnd; wearing it as a girdle about its trunk. -Scjientists have of late had a growing conviction that the developmentof para sites upon the phylloxera will prove the umost effective plan of desro.ying thai anid similar insect pests. A pluarasite o, the pihythuxera has mnow al'i*.laremnd i Sicily, andi its etlcdct will be ..;itch:e with intern t.