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THE DONALDSONYLLLE CHIEF.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE PARISH OF ASCENSION AN.D TOWN OF DONALDSONVILLE. VOLUME XI. DONALDSONVILLE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1881. NUMBER 2. glania.bsmth1ille ie Amiens HIumnani Generis. A Wide-Awake Home Newspaper Published Every Saturday, at Donaldsonville, Ascension Parish,La., L1.IN llI EN E.. 1 . MON LEYV, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: One copy, one year...................$2 00 Oino copy, six months,............... 1 25 Six copies, one year ................10 00 Twelve copies, one year,............. 18 00 Payable invariably in advance. AD VRil TISING RATES: One inch of space constitutes a "square." *QUARxst.I I m. 2imos.! 3mos.6mios.lIyear square.. $ 3 00$ 5 00$ 6 50 $1100$1500 2 squares. 5 001 8 00! 93501 15 00' 20 00 3 squares. 7 001 1i 00 1'2 50 19 001 25 00 4.squares. 8 59 11 00 15 00 23 00 30 00 5 squares. 10 01 16 00 17 00 27 00 35 00 6 squares. 11 501 18 00 19 00 30 00 40 00 7 squares. 13 50 20 001 21 00 33 00 44 00 8 squares. 15 00 22 00 24 00 36 00 48 00 1 cL nunit. 20 00 30 00 35 00 45 001 60 00 $ column. 300 0 40 001 45 00 55 00 75 00 I glminu. 19 00 50 00 55 00 65 00 100 00 Transient advertisemienta$1 per square first insertion; each subsequent insertion, 75 cents per square. Official advertisements $1 per squarefirst insertion; each subsequent publication 50 cents per square. IHitorialuotices, first insertion, 20cents! per line; subsequently, 10 cents per line. Carls of six lines or less in Business Di rectory, five dollars per annum. Brief communications upon subjects of public interest solicited. Kre attentina paid to anonymous letters. The editor is not responsible forthe views oqorrespondents. Address: CHIEF, loualdsonville.La. Dr. P. J. Friedrichs, WITH DR. W. 8 CHANDLER, 142..........Carondelet street,..........142 New Orleans. D t. A.c. LOVE, Darrowville, La. Left bank Mississippi river, opposite Don aldsonville. . Office and residence at Gibson's Hotel. CORONER'S OFFICE, 0 Lafourche street, between Attakapas andi Opelousas stre ts, J Donaldsonv ie. 0 Di. W. M. licGALLIA * ee mcor1ounmas and Iberville streets, Uonaldsonville. .a. I). HANSON, M. D. 5 C. a overIcK: Corner IIonmas and Iherville streets, near - C. Klin's store, Donaldsonville, La. . 1 RS. CURIEN, Iberville St., o01p. St. Vincent's Institution, ]Donaldsonville, La. MIas. Cuints:, a French graduate. respect- n fully tenders her services to the ladies of S I)onallsouville and vicinity. liest refer- a ences given. *jly17-ly n NBET,, )REUGGIST, * Corner Chetimnaches and Mississippi Streets Donaldsonville, La. A complete stoek of Pure Chemicals al ways on Laid. Pr'etsriptious ctrefiully coln piled at all hours, day or night. flbifi JAW AND NOTARIAL OFFICE. R. N. Sinnes, ATTORNEY AT LAW, 1)onaldsontille, La. Practice in Ascension, Assumption and St. Inies. ll.i2-ly 14 11. EARHJART, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Office: Opposite the Court-touse, Donaldsonville, La. Practices in the Twenty-Second Judicial District (comprising St. Jaitues and Ascen sion parishes), and in the Supreme and United States Courts. myl RM. McCULLOH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, D)onnldwonville, Lan. Oflico on Attak pas street, opposite the Court-Hlouse. 11. N. Sr'is. J. E. Potce. ATMS & P'OCHE, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, it. Jamnes, La. Offlce at F. P. Pachls. Address: Convent P. O. L 1r. Sims will be in St. Junes ,every Monday. up21 OHN H. ILSLEY, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Office: Opposite the Court-House, Donaldsonville, La. Practices in the Twenty-Second Judicial District (comprising the parishes St. James and Ascension). anti in the Supreme and Luited States Courts. RS. I. PALMER, DRESSMAKER, Railroad Avenue, near Claiborne street, Donaldsonville. Plain and fancy sewing of all kinds done in best style andt on fiasotnahle terms. A trial solicited and satisfat Lion guaranteed. TOHN P. FORCHA. Cistern Maker, Railroad Avenue, opposite the Post-office, Donaldsonville, La. All work guaranteed and satisfaction warranted. Prices lower than the lowest. H. DUNN, Carpenter and Builder, Crescent Place, next door to CuIEP Office. Donaldsonville, La. Orders received through the Post-offie will wncet with prompt attention. DONALDSONVILLE BUSINESS DIRECTORY. r SEWING MACHINES. T A. KINGSTON, dealer in all kinds of * New and Second Hand Sewing Ma chines, 155 Railroad Avenue. Needles, Oil, Attachments and everything belonging to the sewing machine. Machines sold, ex changed or rented on easy monthly pay , inents. Machines given on trial. Repairing a specialty. DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, Etc. * NO. F. PARK, dealer in Staple and Fan 0 NOcy Groceries, Provisions. Plantation and 5 Steamboat Supplies. Canned Goods, Wines, 0 Liquors, Bottled Beer. Ale, etc., Dry Goods 0 and Notions, corner of Mississippi and Chet inaches streets, opp. River Ferry. A I). VEGA, Agent, dealer in Dry Goods, " Notions, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Groceries, Liquors, Furniture, hard ware, Tobacco, Paints, Oils, Glass, Lumber, r Bricks, Carts and Wagons; Loeb's corner, Railroad Avenue and Mississippi street. 1ý ERNARD LEMANN, dealer in Western )E1) Produce, fancy and staple Groceries, Liquors, Hardware. Iron, Paints, Oils, Carts, I Plows, Saddlery, Stoves and Tinware, Fur n niture, Crockery, Wall Paper and House I Furnishing Goods, Mississippi street, corner Crescent Place. j OSEPH GONIDRAN, dealer in Clothing, 1 f 1)ry Goods, Notions, Hats, Groceries, Wines, Liquors, Boots, Shoes, Hardware, Paints, Oils, Saddlery, Crockery, Furniture and all kinds of ilouse Furnishing Goods, Blue Store, Mississippi street. TOBIAS, dealer in Groceries, I)ry M * Goods, Clothing, Notions, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Furniture, Hardware, Crock ery, Trunks, etc., corner Mississippi and St. Patrick streets and No. 24 Railroad Avenue. Everything at lowest figures. (C KLINE, corner Crescent Place and CJ floumas street, dealer in Dry Goods, Notions, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Pro visions, Corn, Oats and Bran. 1' ISRAEL & CO., dealers in Dry Goods, * Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Saddlery, I Buggies, etc., corner Mississippi street and Railroad Avenue. M LEVY, dealer in Dry Goods, Cloth l * ing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Groceries, Furniture, Hardware and Plantation Sup- 1 plies, at Le-oion's old stand, Mississippi street. G. FEITEL, Agent. J NO. SOLOZANO, deale.in Groceries, L Wines and Liquors, Crockery, Tinware, Notions, etc. No. 21 Railroad Avenue, be- I tween Conway and St. Michael streets, u Donaldsonville. II INSUEANOE AGENCIES. fu MAURIN, General Fire Insurance s1 * Agent, Missistipp i street, over. Fer- f< nandez's barber shop. Represents first-class -companies with over $50,000,000 of capital. b Policies issued directly from agency with- 0 out delay. GANEL. Agent for Louisiana Life In- S * surance Company, Mississippi street, over Feriandez's barber shop. Policies se cured by deposit of a reserve fund in the ss State treasury. -In HOTEL AND BOARDING-HOUSES. I RORT. E. LEE HOTEL, at Marx Israel's i old stand, corner Mississippi and Les- it sard streets. Jos. Lafargue, proprietor. Bar ,l and billiard room attached. First-class en tertaininent and ucconuniodations. tl C T'Y HlOtTEL. P. Letevre, Proprietor, A Railroad Avenue, cor. Iberville street. tI Bar supplied with best. Liquors. In CONFECTIONERIES. DONALDSONV'LE CONFECTIONERY, LFyb A. (irilhe, Mississippi street, near St. Patrick. Branch on Railroad Avenue, near Opelousas street. Cakes, Fruits, Nuts, Soda Water, Ice Cream. Cakes. Ice Cream and Syrups for weddings and parties fur nished on short notice. LIQUOR AND BILLIARD SALOONS. T T lE PLACE, Gus. Israel, manager, .. Corner Lessard and Mississippi streets. Billiard, 'Lager Beer, Best Wines and Liuiiors, Fine Cigars, etc. TINSMITII. LOUIS J. ItACKE. Tinsmith. Mississippi Street, at Leniann's old stand. Orders attended to with dispatch and satisfaction isiizel. BARBER SHOP. L L. FEItNANDEZ, Barber Shop, Mis L ssssippi Street, near corner Lessard. Shaving. hair-cutting, shampooing, etc., in most artistic st-!' ATTORNEYS AT LAW. F IIEDEIICK DUFFELAttorney at law, - olice on Chetimaches street, opposite the Court-Itonse. DWAl) N. PUGH, Attorney at Law, JAttakuapas street, opposite Louisiana Square. Visits Nanoleonville on Mondays. P AUL L('IIE, Attorney at Law and No tary Publie, Donaldsonville. Office: One block ielow the Court-House, on At takapas street. -:5 HOUSE AND SIGN PAINTING. f I INGRYI, MiE PAINTEI.,CrescentPlace, VW opposite the Market-House. House, Sign and Ornamental Painting in all their branches. lebt work at lowest prices. BLACKSMITIH. F WVAlIIE I. Blacksmith and Carriage * Shop, Mississippi street, near Lessird. j Carriage, buggy and wagon making, trim diuii, decorating and repairing. Horse shoeing and all kinds of blacksmith work in first-class stlie. LIVERY STABLES & UNDERTAKING. CIIONBEItG S Livery, Feed and Sale S Stable and Undertaker's Establishment, Riailroad Avenue, between Iberville and At takapas streets. Competition defied. DRUGS AND MEDICINES. B RYBISKI, Apothecary and Druggist, * Mississippi street, between St. Patrick and St. Vincent streets, adjoining Gondran's store. MILLINERY. MRS. H1. BLUM. Milliner, Mississippi Mstreet. between Lessard and St. Pat rick. L4ttest sty'es of Bounets, Hats. French Flowers. etp.; also, all kinds of Ladies' Un ilerwear. - SODA WATER MANUFACTORY. SODA WATER MIANUFACTORY, II. Hecthedr, jroprietor, No. 11 Mississippi street. Soda, Mineral, Seltzer and all kinds of aerated waters manufactured, and sold at lowest prices. For Sale. A Second-hand PLANING MACHINE, as i good as new. Will plain 2 -inch boards. Apply to or address, S. MOYSE & CO., Machinery Dealers. No' 3. Union :.:reet, New Orleans. ODE ON THE ASSASSINATION. A prize offered by it London weekly for the best poem on the attempted assassina tion of President Garfield was awarded to the author of the following: Veil, now, 0 Liberty, thyhlushing face, )f At this fell deed that thrills a startled °r world; 1 While fair Columbia weeps in dire disgrace, :o And bows in sorrow o'er the banner furled. No gapecless tyrant falls by vengeance here, 'Neath the wild justice ofthe secret knife; Nor red;Amnbition ends its grim career, And expiates its horrors with its knife. Not here does rash Revenge niisguided burn, - To free a nation with th' :sassin's dart; t- Or roused Despair in angry madness turn, d And tear its freedom from a despot's heart. 8 But where blest Liberty so widely reigns, And I'eaee and Plenty mark a smiling land, Hers the mad wretch its fair white record stains And blurs its beauties with a " bloody hand." iHere the elect of mill ions, and the pride, Of those who own his mild and peaceful rule; Hiere Virtue sinks and yields the' crimson tide, Beneath the vile unreason of a fool. But Heaven's hand hath stayed the erring ball, r And saved a life as virtuous as rire; Yet that such deeds a whisp'ring world ap pall, Is Heaven's mystery and man's despair. OUR NEW YORK LETTER. The Last of the Old Landmarks Going Captain Peter Kocks and His lride-The Father of His Country as a ballroom Gallant-The Return of the GospIl Shep herds-IDr.Talnage's Prayer for the Pres ident-How the Poor Pass the Summer Nights in the Slums -Opening of theOys- I ter Season-The WVeather, Etc. NEW YORK, September 10, 1881. 1 EDITOR CHIEF: One by one the old landmarks disap- f pear, and in a few years the antiquary t wiil hunt in vain for the stray links that t bind the' present with the past. This s week the sale was consummated of the t building No. 1 Br-adway, known as the a Washington House, and the most famous a building in the city. It was purchased t by Cyrus W. Field, and in a short time I it is to be torn down, to be replaced by , a magnificent structure costing over a d million of dollars. It is not without a t, feeling of sadness that I view the de- tj struction of this old building, though I for some years past it has been desecrated by the uses of a cheap, emigrant hotel. r1 On the site of the present house was a ft famous hostelry two hundred and fifty s( years ago, kept by one Captain Peter nm Kocks, a valiant officer in the Dutch si service, and who distinguuisled himself as a brave leader in the Imnian war of t' 169:3. Captain Peter was as successful s: in love as in war, and was the first muan a in New Amsterdam to institute nai action E for breach of promise, the defeindant to a the suit hieing the blooming Fraulcin , Anna Van Xorst, the danglhter of one of the first emigrants to the Island of M$an hattan. After a long terni of ezgage ment, and accepting sundry presents, - Miss Anna concluded that she would not imarry Peter; but lie was not so easily disposed of. So he sumnnioned her hefore the IHigh Commissioners Court, and she claimed that Peter had given her zip, hut this he denied, and the Court decided that if she (lid not marry Peter she should not. marry any one else. So like a sen sible girl, as she afterwards proved to h be, she married Peter and made a most exemplary wife. She survived her hus hand many years, and her tavern was the most famous in the city. It was burned don in during the Negro plot of 1741, for which, on the peijired testi rnony of an ignorant servant girl, thir teen Negroes were burned at the stake, - eighteen were hanged and over seventy transported from the colony. The ground was then purchased hr .liir iil Sir Peter Warren, K. C. I1., and in 1742 lie erected the present building, which was then considered one of the most elegant ed ifices on the Island. The garden, which was stocked with the rarest of fruits and flowers, extended to the river bank and adjoined the magniliceut gronuds of the West India Coiiiiainy's garden, w hich extended to the boundaries of the hres int Trinity Church. During the life of Sir Peter Warren it was mainitainiil in a style of regal magnificence. When the l war came on it was occupied for a time I by General Washington and his military family, the third chamber on the (ast side being the quarters of the General's aid, Colonel Aaron Burr. Fir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, Sir Guy Carle ton, afterward Earl of Dorchester, occc pied it in turn, and it was froni this house that Major Andre went forth on t his fatal mission, which led him to a felon's grave. Shortly after Wi shing ton's inauguration as Presilent of the United States a reception was given him here by the most distinguished citizens of the town, and history informs us that the soldier so distinguished in the field o was also a model of grace and elegance. 'His exquisite performance of the cotillioni and the minuet do la cour was remien- a bered as one of the marked attractions of the occasion. The wife of Alexander t Hamilton and the beautiful Miss ian Zandt were his distinguished partners, and many years afterwards these old la- a dies used to boast among their acquaint ances of the honor conferred on them by dancing with the first President of the Republic. The house occupied by WYashington after his inauguration was on Cherry X street, and is now one of the worst rook- e eries in the city. In front of the struc ture now about to be demolishwd stood the statue of George the Third, which was torn down in the Revolution. The a little enclosure which surrounded it was. z known as the Bo*ling Green; for here ir in the Summer evenings gentlemen used to meet in the olden time to indulge in the game of bowls, then one of the most fashionable amusements. But the de mands of trade are remorseless, sparing neither the temples of the living God I. nor the sacred graves of the dead. On the opposite side of Broadway the foun idations are being laid for the Produce Exchange, which, when finished, will be second to no building in the city. The invention of the elevator has introduced a new era in building, many of the new structures running ten and eleven stories high. The. London Globe Fire Insurance Conipany's building, on William street, is one of this class, and is built almost 7 exclusively of iron and brick, and is per fectly fire-proof as it is possible for a building to be. Many of the buildings now being erected in New York, unless destroyed by an earthquake, may be said to be indesit uctible; for, except the desks and chairs, there is nothing for a fiie to feed upon, and one room might have its contents completely destroyed without affiecting in the least the apartment next to it. With the first of September " The Swallows Hlomeward Fly." I)r. Talnage was among the earliest of our returning clerical wanderers, and he was greeted with a congregation that packed the Tahernacle in every part. There were doubtless many fervid prayers offered last Sabbath for returning health to himn who now lingers on the border of fhe Valley of the Shadow of Death. Yet, nowhere in all this land was there a more fervid supplication than that offered by the Tabernacle pastor. While lie prayed tears ran like rain down the cheeks of strong men, and women sobbed as if their hearts were breaking. At the close a spontaneous "Amen'" rose from the assembled multitude. And who will say that the supplication did not reach the Throne of Grace? Certain it is that al most ip to that moment lie lay in most deadly peril; and after that a change took place which has sent a thrill if joy through. the length and breadth of the Union. Most of our camp-meet ing folks have returned to their regular quarters, and a few weeks in the, woods and by the sad sea waves have undoubtedly given them new energy and strength to wrestle with sin anid the devil. We have lots of work on hand-enough to chalenge the leat energies of a newv salvation army. Apropos of salvation armies, tie installment we received from England about, two years ago with such a flourish of trumpets, appears to have gone to the demuned Lowwows. Several of the valiant host have been C ititmitted ts Coittirtut Vgriants, oil one getneralissimo of the forces ran away with another fellow's o ife. Rather a had start for the Salvators. So I expect that its poor sinneri, never yet within the fold, will have to rely ott the ordi nary noans of grace. "God help the poor!" I could not help exclaiming the other night as I took a stroll through the sluis. The air was hot and fu-tid, and rank with the breath of pestilence and disoise. The streets were crowded with ragged, drcnken men and wonten. Children, half or entirely naked, lay on the stoops of the houses or in the hails. The most cheerful and brilliant looking places in the neighbor hood were the irum-shops on the corner, and these were filled with bloated, blear eyed, besotted drinkers. Ilow they live through those terrible hot nights, with their blood all on tire with their accursed drink, is a mystery. I should not be at all surprised any morning to 6nd that the angel of death had descended upon them is lie diul on the hosts of Setia cliaril,, and that the breaking of the morning light saw no living thing left tuoung themt. We pity the sutfering poor of this great city in Winter, when the ice chains the river and bay, and the snow lies deep in the streets, but their sufferings then are trifling beside what they endure oil these dreadful inunier nights. The death rate runs tip awfully, bringing with it the consolation, how ever, that an early death is preferable to a life of erimoe and sin, which would nii I doubtedly be their fate it they should live. One of the sights of the city is to see an Italian organ-griiter playing dances for a crowd of roughs and their girls onii the sidewalk. Trimps, iii rigged pants or overhaul-, tiinus shirt-collar or hat, go through the maizes of the Lancers or Mazotrka, with a mock elegance that t would make a fortune on the variety stage. The present week is the opening of the oyster season, at which there is much re- c joicing. An oyster tiay look, to a gen tletman in the country, as a very small affair, but when it is considered that over one hundred thousand people derive their support directly from it, it assumes tquite an important character. The traffic from New York is up atoung the millions, and increasing every year. The weather has been scorching, with e little promise of abatement. A sense of itipendiig financial danger has locked up a good deal of money. * Speculators are expeeting a cyclone. e Some of thert have realized it already. . t The long railroad fight bodes evil. What the ides of September may bring even Vennor fails to foretell, Truly yours, BROADBRIM. a An infallible remedy for Fever and Ague is Ayer's Ague Cure. Wholly vegetable and containing no quinine, it is harmless tahl sure. I d re SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANY. (d n -A "fire-damp commission" is to con t vene in Berlin for several innnths to study measures for the better protection g of miners. d -In a number of examinations of the n heart-beats of the dying, Bouchat recor tied six seconds as the longest interval e between the pulsations. -Recent geological explorations in e Russia are reported to show the exis t1 ence in that empire of phosphate de posits of snulicient extent to supply the wants of all Europe for an indefinite t, period. -A Vienna chemist has produced a t new coloring matter on silk, which is a nice blue by day and a beaitiful pink 1 by artificial light. The alcohol': solu l tion of this color is dark .iolet in a s transparent, but red in direct light. 1 -Bricks that float in water are made of diatomaceous earth mixed with one twentieth part of clay and well bh:ured. The art of making these floating bricks was well known in the time of Eliny, but was- afterwards losi, an-tonly recent ly recovered. -A midnight ballooniascent was late ly made by MM. Fonvielle and Lipp mt ii. They carried with them a snmtal electric light apparatus, which enabled theni to make readings of the thernimnie ter and barometer and to take down notes. -The martyrs to science in Africa during the present century have been very numerous. This fact is graphically indicated on a recent map of Africa, by M1M. Duveyrier and Cortaimbert, which gives the name and dat': of each explo jer in the 1dcality where lie died. -At the new popular Observatory of the Trocadero, the public at large of. Paris had sa- opportunity of viesuimig the great comet of 1881 with the very per fect apparatus of astronomers. This great advantage was highly appreciated by the intelligent Parisians. -C. Rene, of Stettin, claims to have discovered that if wood be exposed to the action of a heated current of pure oxygen it becomes proof against mois ture and changes of temperature, and is especially adapted for the manufacture of musical instruments. -Dr. A. Paggi records that in a case which came under his observation ini Paris the heart had ceased to beat, as an eftiect of the inhalation of chl loroiormui, and artificial respiration for ten minii mtes e failed to restore thi circulation, whenti Dr. Lahbd by applying a cloth dipped ini hot water to the region of the heart c caused it to immediately resume its ac tion. 81s -l)r. T. S. Meiier hbelieves that the ti large quantity of carlonic acid ili the at- u utosphitre may be traced to this sourci: d The interittr of the I arth he aliirms toi contain great beds of cairboniierots iron, which, coiniig in contact with water at s1 a great heat, yicids hI droiarbons. These, s1 on their subscqiue t combustion, give rise to the carbonic acid exhaled from ii the earth into the atimosphere. I1 -M. Poliakoff, the distinguished Rus sian naturalist, has examined a horse presented by Colonel Prejalsky to the St. Petersburg Academy, and pronounces it a new species, in some respects inter mediate between our domestic horse and the wild ass. The newly-recorded nit mal is a native of the plains and deserts of Central Asia, and has not hitherto fallen miler the dominion of man. -'The following is a very sitiplo and pretty electrical experiment: A small box of pasteboard is closed with a lid of I fine glass, to th t upper suriche of which I collodion is several times applied-e'ire i being taken not to apply itllicieit to 4 r-iider the glass opaque. Insect forms, u of sponge or cotton, are placed in the box, and move about in a curious man ner when the lid of the Jox is rubbedii with dry fingers, in dry weather. -In the account of his Africai explo-. rations j ust * p1blished, Major Serpa Pinto refers at coisjiderable length to the I ants encoiuitered it] the course of his s journevings. One ternible species is t even said by the natives to attack and I kill elephants. The savages lice front it I in great terror. 'It is not large, but bites f severely, and it swarms in sitt-h vast s hordes as to completely overwhelm any t animal it may meet in the counse of its r long marches over the country. -31. 'lammarion, the emineit French 1 astronomer, iaclines to the view that a comets' tails are not material, Lot per- t baps ni excitation-electric or other-- 1 of ether. He also calculates that the I tail of the comet of 1,A3, at the distance 11 of the earth from the sun, must have t swept space with a velocity of 40,0Ut s miles per second, at which late no mole-nc cuie of matter would remain a single in stant dependant on solar attraction, nibving in a closed orbit around the sun. -The Fleuss diving helmet, which, it 0 will be remembered, enables a diver to li take with him to the bottom of the sea sufficieut oxygen for breathing several hours, has proven very successful in the experiments made with it thus far. Mr. h Fleuss has now devised a lamp upon a c similar principle. It is made so that all external air is excluded, the oxygen for a the combustion of the spirit being con tamied within the lamp in a strong tank, a while the products from the combustion t are allowed to escape through a series of valves opening in wvater. The lamp ja has been successfully tested under water t and as a safety lamp in the midst of ex- a plosive gases. , ti -M. Roman, a French engineer, states that the cultivation of the interesting. 1' plant, the Soja or Soya, has been largely . developed in Hungary and in various n parts of France. He thinks that it may in the future;luecomne as important an e article of food as the potato. It grov's in any soil, even the dryest; and the ii plant is an excellent fodder for cattle. The seeds are very nutritions, and have ° the form of small kidney leans. An agreeable soup may be made of them. The Chinese use them for various kinds eof cheese, to make a condiment with oil, etc. In France, the seeds have been roasted like coffee,'and M1. loman says the decoction of the Soja bean is very similar to that of average coffee. -An oliicial publication of the Ger tnun post alitee anttaitis a report on the ldisturbances in telegraphic communica tion caused last August by a display of the aurora borealis. It is well known that hoth storms and the aurora borealis disturb the electric currents passinig over telegraphic cables, but recent ex perience seems to prove that tle dlis turbing influence outstorms chieily allects short linles, while the longer lines are more liable to he affected by the north- 1 ern lights. 'T'here was a strong distur bance of the latter kind front the 11th to the 1Lith of August, OI . It seems to 4 have matifested itself throughout the . greater portiot of the northern section of the eastern hemisphere, sending off 2 however, a southerly streams in the di- a reel ion of Mozambiqtie, which reached to Natal. It doeri not appear that the It Western Continent was affectel. The I general features of t ohe disturbance coi cisted in manifestations of the presence as of strange currents ('t earth currents,"as I they are calledl) ofihutctutating intensity, 1i the duration and tlnctuations varying in different localities, and the direction of the currents chsnging frequiently. -M. Pasteur,- whose researches in re- o lation to infections diseases are so well known, is now directing his attention to g the subject of rabies. The virus of that disorder of course exists in the saliva, I but M. Pasteur has now proved that it does not exist there only. The brain c substance also contains it, and, used to inoculate healthy animals, will repro- 4 duce the disease as effectively as the I saliva. Again, one of the great difficul ties in research on rabies arises from the l uncertainty of the evil after inoculation s or a bite, and the Ipng time of incuba tion. Al. Pasteir is now able to cotumn- y nicate the disease surely, and to shorten il considerably the time of inetnatioii. His method is to inoctuiate directly the n surface of the brain, having rei-utirse to of trepanation, and using has inoceniat~ing itatter the cerebral ,unistlneo of a toad as dog as pure as piosi*il. In that case Sig the first. symptiuis of nilies iinthilhibly appeart itt a week or ttno, and death et- be sies in less Itan three weeks. The re- wi stilts of Pastetr's further investigations will be awaited with unttstal interest, cto in the hope that they tmay lead to the frt pointing otit of so(uie uto'atis of allevia- - ting the sufieritngs of hatutmity front at this terrible di-ease, of tIhe nature of T1't which so little is thus fir known. -Concerniig the growth of a third set of teeth, Prof. G(vtn says: ''Teeth are organ i that, as a rule, have a term of existence more limited than that of the organisn of which thl y tfrns a part. In many of the lower vertebrates they are shed very soon after they are completed and in nse, and are as quickly replaced by others. In the mauninotlia, however, there is but ote si'ccetsion of teeth nat orallly shted, hot thotgh the successors of the so-called 'tiilk-teeth' last long entiglh to actluire thie title of jpertina tiett,' they are rarely retaited to a very advanced age. There is, however, a be lief entertainted by tiatty of the occa sional :tcttisitiolt of a third set in hu man cliii ariais. Thus it is recorded of the Countess of DeJalnt , in I Txyins Motisot's Iti nerary ' (1617), that, not many years efote hier death, which is said to have oectt-red at the ;ige of 1i1) yeirs, ' she had all hei-r teeth ritewed.' I was led to a dicusiontitt on this point by a worthy elergyvtnti at, the hluisreof a fiiend whom I was visiting, 1111 to mny skepticism as to the alleged age and thiud gat of teeth of the oli Cointiiss, he replied that theire then lived in hiss parish an old wotitit ailegted to hIt Vi passed her hunit edth year, who was actitally thtu cutting her thurt oet of teeth. I rejoi,"ed at, this instanice. I had long been coi inteed that actual phtinomena had sitg:.-,tedt the state ment, btt that the Iiatire of these had been misinterpreted, :tilt I derwinl my - steIf no-t hutlnnite in ii ing nit Opp, tttity of t-sting the matter. The fi l towing itortingi I was driven tothe il11 worman a cabin~. It Oils ill tie niorti of Irelanni, and she ::ass liting emt oiu hig over her i-at fire, a I l(ical xaminple of hiutan ''eca V. To tte thloits of her pai tor the deaf Dirl crout replied by pulling down her skitlI lip nud expoi-ing the site of hien lioieI jaw, from whxlii there projected through the "lull tie 1 eted stut;- of a tooth, toie crown of whixiLa lad gone tanOy years before. The absorptioil of the grims cosequtlent on the edentulous state of the jaw il Senili ty, bad ironght to light this reiluntt of a long-lost tooth. Otlher sill tilf of teethl, (if which the lilsi of the d eeted f crown had been f igotten, mtight, in 1ike 1 manner. appear thiroullI the shrinkatI , and asisorption of the senile; jaw. Adl I this I take to be the true groundntf the allegations :s to the acquisition in ex-'" trenme old age of : Chint set of : eritaile teeth." es GENERAL NEWS SUMII[AIRY. ly Foreign. is Algeria is suftering from forest fires. ty London imports fresh meat from Aus n tralia. :s Small-pox has broken out at the mines ie of Iramador. B. Very Rev. Francis-Close, Dean of Car e lisle, resigned that preferment. n The King of Wnrtemburg has been 1. converted to Cathilicism. a Prince Frederick, uncle of the King of 1, the Netherlands, is dead. n Ratifications of the treaty between s Russia and China have been exchanged. Y New Zealand has a $30 poll tax on Chinese, and New South Wales is going to imitate her. On the 14th of August the Czar and - his fatnilyl-were present at the great races of Tzarsko-selo. At Nimes the organizer of the bll fights has engaged women instead os men to act as matadors. The .village of Reichenhack, in Blr nose, Oherland, has bee-- al-most sle stroyed by.a fall of stone. Princess Dolgorouki, the widow of the Ldto Czar, is now at Carlsbad, accon: painied by her son, Prince Peter. Baron Ma r. the Austrian Minister at Washington, is about to tender his res ignation on account of ill health. The Union mail steainer Tentou, with 200 souls on board, has been wrecked near Qiioin Point, North Africa. The island of Hilo, Sandwich Islands, is in danger of being overwhelmed by lava from the vulcano of Manna Lon. Mustapha Bey, the ruler of Tunis, spent $14,000 during his stay in Paris He carried home Ži0t gohl watches and 10,000 pocket knives. Domestic. The cattle disease has again broken out at Jericho, L. I. Chicago has arranged to run all tele graph wires underground. There was a heavy snow storm in the -Black Hills, September 7 and 8. Two girls at Danville, Va., chopped off their father's head wit an axe. * Delmonico, the New York restaurateur, died at.. Sharon Springs on Saturday last. Moto than 2000 Mormon emigrants 'have left Liverpool for America, this suminer. Three Michigan girls eloped with a young man and went on a tripartite bri dal tour. A Louis-ihlle mother advertises in a newspaper for prayers for the recovery of her sick chill. An otlicial examination of the sewer age and drainage of the Executive Maii sion is being iathe. A California girl comnuitted sniiidi because her 'father married a womnan who was her jiitior. 'The White Mil' titamfin Indians save cosmnuittedl horrible atrocities 33 miles front Camp Apache. A colortd woman at. Montgomery, Ali., attenipted to light a fire; with kerosene. The i uial result fo ml lued. A family of flir people at 1)uboinie, Iowa, lefarne insane after the death of one of the dlaughters. Over 1fI) lives wele lost oil" the coast of South Carolina, (beorigia and Ilorid.u during the late stiriwi. Three while and two Indian tuirder crs were hanged at one tilue at Fon. Smith, Ark., September 9. Over 5000 people are rendered hoiii less by the Michigan forest fires and no have perished in the flaties. three hundred and Iifty hirils wv r, killed by one stroke of lightiniog as they sat in a tree at Owensboro, Ky. A Georgia farmer mistook his ragged son for a secrecrow at a distance, and playfully shot a bullet into him. Qui ney, Ill., has jest experienced the warmest weather in fourlteen years, the therttonieter indicating 108 degrees. 1)nring a fire at St. Joseph, Mo., a wo man was so absorbed in saving furniture that she forgot her hiluy nitil it was cut, ofd by the tlatems. A rote f'omin her father's cotnsel, otier ilg I to condiuet her divorce stit free of charge, was amtng file preseutsreceived by a l'luillulelphia bride. A New York it-xwshoy has1 10ee Ia hi for exsoiinatiou oii a ili:uge of sellieg t"xtrls :turd l-rrIex I t it;;g Ilist they con tiaed i :n account of the I'residecut's de:,t l. On ing to the uiipr'cedehi'ieit Irotth iii Northe rn "ii ghili, xnti er for domestic uses ha 1 been hauled frot the Rappa haiuoik in such gltaititics that large uills aSi Ilihblxe to do more ti:aii enstoiir work: while iothers hai e been coinpelleit to hn-pnd op~erations. -The researches of Prof. Flower, I1Le vx ell-known iEigiisli ainiIoutoist, Shnoi smii interesting results in relatioil to lu; comparative sizes of the h:ads of difterett races of people. The largest nolrtal skull le ever ti-asured hail s capacity of uas :iics Li etb cublsei cti mieters; the smailest, heloungieg to an tinivi xlial of thPi near-ly extinct people inhIalhs mn- cet:r; Cey lou, inearsnr only 9itu i-tie cinithi:tels. Th'li larges e average ispequetiy of any ht :an head t has fiiunii belongs to a rate of long, that headed people on the west coast of Afri ca. Although of otall stature, the Lup landers and E-qiluirunfrx have very forge skitus - the average lneasnremneut of the latter hadii in 7'io. jTh tnx'tish sk, Int, of lower grades, niai.1re 1.t4; pli Japan. crse, 14NG; thu, Chinese, 111: timh,4. er- Italian, 147:,; the -s - t:-. pp iin 1ti5 I hc 11iud :1