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THE DONALDSON VILLE CHIEF.
AN IINDEPDNDEN"1 WID.--AWA.IE HOJ N VSPAPIR.--.-VýBORIP ION PRICE, TWO DOLLARSe "iA ~T a. VOLUME XIII DONALDSONVILLE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, APRIL 5, 1884. NUMBER 31. Tbe Doqaldsq ville C ief Amious Hamani Generis. A Wide-A ake Home Newspaper Published Every Saturday Morning at "Donaldsonville, Asoension Parish, La., -Br L.; E. BENTLEY, Editor and Proprietor. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: ine copy, one year 0..0......... $00 .e copy, six months'..:.. ...... ........1 25 x copies. one year.................. 10 0) inssme copies. oneyear. ...... ....... 18 00 Payable in advance. ADVERTISING RATES: *?AOL 1 mo. rmos. 3 mos. mos 1 year ne ineb...... 800$500$ 650411001500 'wo inches.... $ 00 800 950 15 50 2000 i inches.. 7 00 11 00 12 50 19 25 00 our inches.. 8 0 1400 15 00 23 80 00 ivei inches. 10 00 1800 17 01 27 85 00 x, inches... 50 1800 19 30 4000 eninches... 13 50 20 21 3 44 ightinches... 150020 24 6 00 4800 colasn..... 20 0080 1 35 4500 0000 1 colamn...... 1l 00 40 0 45 00 5500 75 00 dolumn....... 4000 50 00 55 00 65 00100 00 Transient advertiseoments, $1 per square first i.sertion; each subsequent insertion, 75 cents et slquare. -Oliiail or legal advertisements, $1 per square first insertion; each subsequent insertion, 50 cenits per square. Editorial notices, first insertion, 15 cents per line; subsqc ontly, 10 celts per line. (tards of six lines or less intBusiness Direct ry. $3 peor annum. Brief communications upon subjects of public interest solicited. No attention paid to anonymous letters. The editor is not responsible for the views of correspondents, Aldressa Tam Cmarz, Donaldsonville, La. ---- - ] nr s C III 14 D)r. P. J. Frietiricis, WIT'H DN W. S. CHA LEI, 142 .............Caro ndelet street ....... .......142 New Orleans. i)t. W. M. McUALLIA RD OFFICE: Corner IIoumas and Iberville streets, Donaldsonville, Ian. J 1t. HIANSoN, I. -D. OFFICE: C'orner Houmas and Ibervillo streets, near C. Kline's store, DonI ldsonvllle, La. J J. LEC IE, oerner Chetimaches and Mississippi streets, Donaldsonville, La. A complete stock of pure chemicals always on hand. Prescriptions carefully compiled at all hours, day and night. TM. RDEED MILLS, ATTORNET AT LAW, No. 8.St. Charles Street, New Orleans, La. Practices in all the Courts of Louisiana, State and Federal. I AW ANID NOTARlIAL OFFICE. I. N. Sitans, ATTORRNY AT LAW, Donaldsonville, La. Peactices in Ascension, Assumption and St. James. F 1. IARHART, 1ATTORNEY AT LAW, Oflice: Opposite the Court-House, Donaldsonville, La. Practices in the Twentyy lcond Judicial Dis trict (comprising St. Jee and Ascension parishes), and in the Supreme and United tates Courts. B. N. Blas. J. E. Pocas. -INS a POCHE, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, St. James, La. Office at F. P. Poch6's. Address: Convent P. O. Mr. Sims will be in St. James every Monday. (JHAS. A. ICAQUIE, IATTORNEY AT LAW, lahnville, La. Practices in the Twenty-Second and Twenty Sixth Judicisl Districts comprising the parish es of Jefferson, St. Charles, St. John. St. James and Ascension, and before the Federal and Supreme Courts in New Orleans. Special attention paid to the collection of commercial claims. Address: Hahnville P. O., St. Charles, La. SRS. I. PALMER, DRESSMAKER, Railroad Avenue, near Claiborne street, Donaldsonville. Plain and fancy sewing of all kinds done in best style and on reasonable terms. A trial solicited and satisfaction guaranteed. Mrs. Palmer is engaged the services of the Misses Gillet. one of whom will take charge of the cutting and fitting department, acting as forewoman. L P. OBERKAMP, Carpenter and Builder, Pine street, opposite the Iron Bridge, Port Barrow, La. Orders from the country solicited and promptly attended to. Guarantees good workat low rates, Post-office address, Donaldsonville, 14.~ DONALDSONViLLE BUSINESS DIRECTORY. tlRT GOODS, GROCERIES, te. M, ISRAEL & CO., dealers in Dry Goods, "i.v Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Saddlery, Bug gies; etc., corner Mississippi and Lessard streets. C- KLINE, corner Crescent Place and Iou C masstreet, dealer in Dry Goods, Notions, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Provisions, Corn, Oats and Bran. A D, VEGA. Agent, dealer in Dry Goods, - Notions, Clotlhing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Groceries. Liquors; Furniture, Hardware, To bacco Paints, Oils. Glass, Lumber, Bricks, Carts and W agons; Locb's corner, Railroad Avenue and Mississippi street. BERNARD LEMANN & BROTHER, dealers in Western Produce, fancy and staple Gro ceries. Liquore, Hardware Iron, Paints. Oils, Carts, Plows, Saddlery, Stoves and Tinware, Furniture, Crockery. Wall Paper and House Furnishing Goods, Mississippi street, corner Crescent Place. J-TB. GONDRAN & SONS, dealers in Dry *I GoodKs, Clothing, Notions Hats, Groceries, Wine, Liqunors. Boots, Shoes, Hardware, Paints Oils. "Saddlery Crockery, Furniture and all kinds of House aFnrnishing Goods. Blue Store, Misslssippi street. M TORIAS, dealer in Groceries, Dry Goods, I. Clothing, Notions, Boots and Shoes,Hats, Furniture, Hardware, Crockery, Trunks, etc. corner Mississippi and St. Patrick streets anti No. 24 Railroad Avenue. Everything at lowest figures. R LANDMAN, denadec in Dry Goods, Groce - ries. Plantation Supplies, Wines, Liquors. ('igars. Tobacco, and General Merchandise, cor ner Railroad Avenue and Taylor streets, one block from Railtoad Depot. TNO. F. PARK, dealer in Staple and Fancy J Groceries.Provisions, Plantation and Steam boat Supplies. Canned Goods, Wines, Liquors, Bottled Beer, Ale, etc., Dry Goods and Notions, corner of Mississippi and Chetimaches streets, opposite River Ferry. M LEVY, dealer in Dry Goods, Clothing, . Boots, Shoes, Hats. Groceries, Furniture, Hord*are and Plantation Supplies, at Lemann's old stand, Mississippi street. G. FEITEL, Agent. INSURANCE AGENCIES. 'T IAURIN, General Fire Insurance Agent, SMississippi street, over Fernandez's bar ber shop. Represents first-class companies with ov r $50,(d(),t1 of capital. Ptlicies issued di rectly from agency without delay. HOTELS AND HOARDING-HOUSES. PEEP-O'-DAY HOTEL AND BARROOM, Mississippi street. First-rate accommo dation and reasoioable prices. Western Union telegraph ofice in the hotel. I) OT. E. ILE HOTEL Crescent Place, near R the Market-House, Jos. Lafargue, propri etor. liar and billiard room attached. First class entertainment and accommodation. rITY HOT.EL, P. Lefevre, Proprietor. iRail -3 road Avenue. corner Iberville stroeet. Bar supplied with best Liquors. 1~GOJOR AND BnLLIARLI SALOONS. -lHE PLACE. Gus. Israel, manager, Corner - Lessard and Mississippi streets. Billiards, Luger Beer, Lest Wines and Liquors, Fine Cigars, etc. TINSMITH. LOU3S 3. IIACKE, Tinsmith, Miszissippi L rtreet, at Lemann's old stand. Orders at tended to with dispatch and satisfaction in sured. BARIGBllR SHOP. L L. FERNANDEZ, Barber Shop, Mississippi * street, near corner Lessard. Shaving. hair cutting, shampooing, etc., in most artistic style. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. 1-~REDERIBK DUFFliL, Attorney at law and ' Notary Public, office on Chetimaches street opposite the Court-House. 4])WARD N. PUGH, Attorney at Law, Atta kapas street. opposito Louisiana Square. Visits Napoleonvillo on Mo.ndays. P AUL LECHE, Attorney at Law and Notary Public, Donaldsonvillu. Office: on blook below the Court-House, on Attakapas street. I~---~~-- '---~--~~ ~~--~ HOUSE AND SIGN PAINTING. GNINGRY, THE PAINTER. shop at Cheap Tony's Store, ccrner Mississippi street and Railroad Avenue. House, Sign and Ornamental Painting i all their branches. Best work at lowest prlces. UN DERTA KER. SICHONBERG'S Undertaker's Establishment, SlRailroad Avenue, between Iberville and At takapas streets. All kinds of burial cases, from the pine coffin to the metalic or rosewood cas ket. ... ... . . _y.. --z==_ 7?---- _.._ -'- ~ -_ '.- '_-.- DI)RUGS AND MEDICINES. B RYBISKI, Apothecary and Druggist, Mis * sissippi street, between St. Patrick and St. Vincent streets, adjoining Gondran's store. MILLINERY. IVI~------ M1S118. M. BLUM. Milliner. Mississippi street, between Lessard and St. Patrick. Latest styles of Bonnets, Hats, French Flowers, etc.; also, all kinds of Ladies Underware. SODA WATER MANUFACTOIRY. SODA WATER MANUFACTORY, H. Hether, proprietor, No. 11 Mississippi street. Soda, Mineral, Seltzer and all kinds of aerated waters manufactured and sold at lowest prices. BLACKSMITHS & WHEELWRIGHTS. SCHUILER & BRINKER, Blacksmiths and . Wheelwrights. Horse-Shoers, Wagon and ('art makers and repairers, Railroad-Avenue, between Mississippi and lberville streets. R II. DUNN, Carpenter and Builder, Shop on Iberville street, near the corner of Houmas. Donaldsonville, La. Orders received through the Post-offce will meet with prompt attention. MI W. DARTON, Civil Engineer & Surveyor, (Parish Surveyor of Ascension.) Will attend promptly to work in all branches of his profession, such as surveying, mapping. leveling for canals, bridges, rice flumes, etc., estimating cost and supervising construction of same. Orders left at the CIEs' office will meet with immediate attention. JOHN P. FORCHA. Cistern Maker, ailroad Avenue, opposite the Post-oflice Donaldsonville. La. All work guaranteed and satisfaction war nted. Prices lower than the lowest. R. B. BAQUIE, Donaldsonville, La. A LL orders through post-office box 160, Don aldsonville, will meet with prompt atten tion. Is prepared to contract for the erection of sugar-houses or any other work in the brick laying line. THE ANCIENT MINiER'S STORY. BY WILL CABLETON. Oh yes, I'm fixed as solid, sir, as most of folks you see; At least the coyote Poverty has ceased to niff at me; That mine is worth a million down-that -is. it is to-day: What it might cost to-morrow, though. I couldn't exactly say. A boy in old Connecticut-this dream I used to hold: What if the cellar of our house should spring a leak with gold, And I from there at any time a shining lump could bring? I've got a cellar m this rock that's just that sort o' thing. .The sum my father slaved himself for twenty years to pay, I've taken out of that there hole in less than half a day; If I could lead him up yon path, I'd make him smile at least; But his old labor-hardened hands are mould ering in the East. I'd pack my mother up this hill, and open to her view Enough to give a benefit to all the poor she knew; I'd pan a heap o' happiness out of her dear old face; But mother's struck x lead of gold in quite a different place. My girl? Well, may be this is soft; but since the question's put ,I wouldn't tell this to any one except "a tender-foot."), We used to climb those Eastern hills (she was a charming witch), And prospect on what we would do when I had "struck it rich." But her old fatherhadn't the heart to let us marry poor, And.so I hook oft Yankee dust and took a Western tour. My trip it lasted several years. The old man grieved, no doubt. I swore I never would come back till I could buy him out. You don't know what it is to hunt and dig from day to day, To strike a ein that almost shows, then dodges clean away. Ye do? Well, yes; but have you starved, and begged, and almost died, With treasures that you couldn't find heaped up on every side? And then her letters wandered, like; then tapered to an end; I wondered on it for a while, then wrote a school-boy friend; And just as I had struck this mine, and my old heart beat high, There came a letter up the gaich-it was my friend's reply. " She's been wandering in her mind: the other afterwoon She went within the asylum wall, as crazy as a loon," A rush across the barren plains, a snailish railroad ride. And I was in the asylum too, a-kneeling at her side. I thought she knew me, just at first; but soon she shrank away, And never looked at me again, whatever I might say. She wanders round, or crouches in a western window niche. And says, " My love will come to me when he has 'struck it rich.'"' No word or look for me. Oh, but the Eastern * hills were cold! And something seemed to always say, "Go back and love your gohl!" And I came back; and in this hut my purpose is to stay A miser, with his treasure bright already stowed away. I'm President, Cashier, and Board of quite a wealthy bank, With none except myself to please-and no one elseto thank; Bt-nothing makes lny mi~ ~ fast-and I am growing old. ""' With nots thing to love or lea ~except thfs" pile of gold. But I have learned a thing or two: 1 know, as sure as fate, When we lock up our lives for wealth, the gold key comes too late; And then I'm poorer now than through those happy days in which 1 owned a heart, and did not know that I hdl I struck it rich! eek. --Harper's Weekly. OUR LETTER FROM BROADBRIM. The St. Patrick Parade-A Display that Cost *100,000--A Chance for Reform The Suicidal Mania-Political Potpourri. NEw YORK, March 2), 1881. EDITOR CHIEF: If any man had doubts on his mind of the correctness of Alderman O'Reilly's boast that New York was the first Irish city in the world in point of population he would have had that doubt dispelled could he have stood in Union Square on Monday as the St. Patrick procession passed-com panies, regiments, battalions, brigades and divisions. It was a great day for Ireland. No American saint, not even Yankee Doodle, Brother Janathan, nor Hail Columby, ever received such a triumph: some country cor respondents might have called it an ovation, but an ovation is only a small affair; this was a triumph, and a big one. As we used to say twenty years ago, the woods were full of 'em; and what between the army on the maiph and the thousands of admirers that thronged the sidewalks, it looked as though there might have been enough in the streets of New York alone to drive the hated Sax on into the sea, and free the land from the Sassanach from the Hill of Howth to Din gle Bay. The day was fine, and the music was fine, and the flags and the clothes were fine; and they had a fine time generally. As I stood looking at the procession of thousands of laboring men, appearing gen erally well fed and clad in the finest of broadcloth, with cocked hats and costly Iostrich feathers, with magnificent silk scarfs all spangled and hung with rich gold bullion, I could not help asking myself if it was worth our while to keep a lot of miserable wretches suffering and starving in Ireland. Why not import them herei We can take care of them. There are only about 5,000,000 all told, and there are only two and a half millions that are oppposed to the British Government. Send a mill ion of them to Texas, and make Col. Tom Ochiltree Grand Head Centre, send 500,000 to Dakota, and scatter the other 500,000 among the States and Territories, and in five years from this they can be Aldermen and Governors and Congressmen, wear cocked hats and green feathers if they want to, and have two St. Patrick's days every year with none to molest them nor make them afraid. The parade cost many thousands of dollars-not less, probably, than $100,000, if we consider the loss of a day's work for many thousands of men. Then there were the music, banners, suppers, dinners, wine and whiskey, and if it cost New York city $100,000 what must it cost for all the cities in the State, and in the United States, and in the world? Whether the money could not have been better expended to lighten the sufferings and wanes of the millions at home than i1 a senseless parade abroad, is a matter that. patriots must settle among themselves, but it looks very much that way to an out sider. At last we begain to see daylight. Our new municipal bill is signed, sealed and delivered, and theieby hangs a tail, or tale. A year ago, when Tammany defeated the Governor's nominee for Commissioner of Emigration, thb Governor resolved to get even; he rememieted the gude auld Scotch motto, "We bite our time." Tammany's I power has been ierpetuated even in defeat by a series of deals which have been the most disgraceful characteristics of our New York politidas, A few malcontents or traitors allying themselves to the minority could at any time defeat the expressed will of the people, mid the "consequence has been that every public office, great and small, has been postituted to the basest uses by a set of hugs whose proper place would have beenthe penitentiary or State prison. The c. sr* whiskey shop, the low concertsaloon, tei lottery office and the gambling hell ifhad much more to do with framing odcdity government than all the church organations put together. But the Rosevelt bill is a step forward, and we breathe freer. *'he' Mayor of this great city is no longer a puppet in the hands of the Philistines. The.power placed in his hands is tremendous foi evil if we should get a bad. Mayor; and bvhile on city affairs, I see that the Board of Estimate has added some thing over $3,000,000 to the expenses of this unfortunate city, making the entire assess ment for 188* mo4e than $38,000,000. Thir ty-eight millions of dollars for a single city, when $68,000,000 pay the civil and miscellaneous expenses of the United States government. The robbers will rio doubt make a desparate fight t) control the rev enues of the city. • They may sink all their feuds in considertiion of electing a Mayor, :o that it will beoove the tax-payers to stand by their gub if they expect to profit by the Rosevelt bill. The effect of anevil example was never more visible than in the case of the unfor tunate woman who shot herself in the pres ence of the gambler Dunn and his wife at the Windsor Hotel. Since then a dozen crazy young women seemed to be carried away with the insane disire to die in the presence of their lovers. Scarcely aweek passes but we hlave to record some tragedy of that kind. The apparent ease with which a German shuffled off this mortal coil is marvelous. It is only a few nights ago that a lady went to a ball and 'had a good time, as Germans generally do. She took her share of sour krout, lager and pretzels and may possildly have" destroyed some spreck, but two h is after she ar r.ved at home shewas anluject for a Cor oner's inquest. Another German, a very respectable man, loses a child, and over come by his grief;, blows his' brains out. Another couple, ou of a job, hang them selves. And iow,, young woman, dissap point. .a love, p a herself, abd tries to.lje. imlj- f~her successful ival. The most unrom nti cfirt of it is, and one in which the laws of retribution do not work, the girl who had been be trayed and who took the poison, had a stomach pump applied to her, and after a great deal of suffering and disgrace, will be sent to the penitentiary, an unsuccess ful attempt at suicide being deemed a mis demeanor. Meanwhile the heartless be trayer goes off with his new bride and has a good time generally. At no time In its nstory nas new xorKoc cupied a more singular position politically. The parties are going one way and the pa pers are going the other. The Times and Tribune, the acknowledged exponents of Republicanism, are on the north side of friendly with the administration and the regular Republican organization, while the World and Sun, which are supposed to give pure Democratic milk, have pitched into Carlisle as though he was a heathen and a publican. The visit of Mr. Carlisle a cou ple of weeks ago to the Free Trade club is looked upon as a mistake. And whatever may be our opinion about free trade or high tariff, there is one thing certain, and that is, when the people fixed the salary of the Speaker of the House at x8000 per an num, which is $3000 more than the pay of an ordinary member, they did it for some specific purpose, and that is that he should preside over the deliberations of the House. For the time he is actually employed Mr. Carlisle receives about $60 per day, and he had no more right to absent himself from his duties than a government clerk or policeman. His free trade speech might have done in Kentucky, but it was a Dem ocratic failure in New York. In fact Dem ocrats and Republicans are in the same boat; there are dissensions in both camps. The ripping up of our public affairs by the Rosevelt Committee has been disas trous for the powers that be. It now looks as though we might have to land our Sher iff and a number of other public officers in the penitentiary. If we could only include the Board of Aldermen, the: Park and the Police Commissioners, then indeed we would have cause for public rejoicing. Hoping that I may be here to see that day, I am Yours truly, BROADBRIM. Baron Nordenskjold convinced himself last summer that he was wrong in suppos ing that the interior of Greenland was low land free from snow and ice during a part of the year. The view that the country is one of glaciers is confirmed by Mr. Edward Whymper, who has just given some particu lars of his own observations. He found the height of the interior in the latitude of Umenak (about 70 degrees 30 longitude North), to considerably exceed 10,000 feet. From various mountains on the eastern side of DavisStraits he has hadviews of the whole of Greenland's interior between about 68 degrees 30 minutes longitude and 71 degrees 15 minutes longitude, and has seen no break or depression within those limits of latitude, while the country is everywhere so deep in snow and ice that no rook or cragvisible. SAAVX.iNH, Ga., March 1, 1884. B. J. KE.zDALL & Co., Gents:--This is to cer tify that I have used Kendall's Spavin Cure on my horses for two years and will say that it has given me satisfaction in every trial. I have been dealing in horses for twenty years and have never found the equal of Kendall's Spavin Cure for the horse. Taos. Bownu.r. .hale stable, 211 Broughton street, S Prince Bismark. Impei1al Cluuxcellor of Germany. The recent events n connection with the return of the Lasker resolutions, and Prince Bismark's speech on the subject in the Reichstag the other day, when he de clared his friendly feeling toward this country, but vehemently stated his objec tions to being made his "enemy's post man," have oflate made the burly figure of the German Chancellor a notable object in the politics of the day. Otto Edonard Leopold Bismark-Schoen hausen, Chancellor of Germany, and po litically the most powerful single man in the world, was born at Brandenburg April 1, 1813, of an old and wealthy fam ily. He studied at the Universities of Got tingen and Berlin, and his reputation is still high in the estimation of students as a duelist and beer drinker. Bismark's diplomtatic career began in 1851, when he2*a'daile= chief secretary of the Prussian Legation at Frankfurt. Be fore this he was known as an ultra-royalist and absolutist. The interests of Prussia and its elevation to thehead of a confeder acy of German States, were objects always in his mind. He was special envoy to St. Petersburg in 185., constantly grew in the regard of King William, and in 1862 was given the most important diplomatic posi tion in the gift of the court-that of Minis ter to France. Before long he was recalled and lmade President of the Cabinet and Minister of Foreign Affairs. The popular opposition to the militarism that was fast becoming the overpowering feature of Prussian politics met with strong opposi tion in the Parliament, and in October, 1862, Bismark dismissed the deputies. A revolution would doubtless have followed this arbitrary action, but the complicated Slesvig-Holstein question aroused a strong feeling inm favor of themationali~ *d unity of Germany. . From this timre thlii icy of Bismark was secure, and Prussia at once took the lead of the German States. The war of 1866 completed the supremacy of Prussia, and Bismark, from being the most hated be came the most popular man in Germany. When, in 1870, Napoleon III. took advan tage of the so-called Spanish question to precipitate a war with Prussia, feeling that the security of his throne depended on prov ing that he possessed the military genius of the great Napoleon, Germany was pre pared at every point, armed, as it were, to the teeth. The war of 1870-71 was soon de cided. The discipline and skill in strategy of the Prussian troops were invincible. The anticipated " march to Berlin" of the French troops became a sudden retreat. Paris was surrounded, and at last the Ger man soldiers marched through the streets of the French capital. The terms dictated by Bismark included the surrender of Al sace and part of Lorraine, and a war in demnity of 5000 million francs (about $1, 000,000,000). The unification of Germany was the natural result. In 1871 Bismark was made a Prince and in the same year was raised to the position of Imperial Chan cellor. It is probably a fact thafhe is the ruler of Germany in an absolute degree that is hardly true even of the Russian Czar. The Emperor follows his advice im plicitly, and the Reichbstag is almost always gnlasrvisnt on his will. For some time Prince Bismark's health has been very poor, but he has of late sub mitted to a severe course of training, and the other day, when about to make his speech on the Lasker question, walked to the Reich stag-the first time for many months-re ceiving an ovation from the people of Ber lin. A geological exploration of the Holy Land has just been completed by an En glish party under Prof. Hull. The ancient margins of the Gulfs of Suez and Akaba were traced to a height of 200 feet above their present level, showing that much of the country was once submerged and has been gradually rising. This rise of land must have caused the separation of the Red Sea from the Mediterranean, and Prof. Hull believes that those two bodies of water were connected at the time of the Exodus. He thinks he has also discovered that the Dead Sea, whose remarkable de pression gives especial interest to the geolo gy of Palestine, formerly stood at an ele vation of 1400 feet above its present level, or at 150feet above the level of the Medi terranean. The survey is said to have fur nished materials for the construction of a much more satisfactory geological map of the Holy Land than has hitherto been pos sible. ---- ~--. - ..- _ "How are we ever going to get through our spring and summer's work? We are all run down, tired out before it begins." Sosay many a farmer's family. We answer, go to your druggist and pay $5 for six bottles of Ayer's Sarsaparilla. This is just the medicine you need, and will pay compound interest on the investment. ---.I--tsQ4W.--4-- A committee has been appointed by the Royal Society of London to collect the various accounts of the Krakatoa volcanic eruption and attendant phenomena. This committee may be able to prove or disprove the theory that the red sunrises and sunsets have been caused by volcanic dust. INTERESTING POLITICAL REVIEW Anomalous Condition of Southern Politics -Letter from Dr. 1)uperier. Subjoined is the letter from Dr. A. Du perier of I'ew Iberia, late Republican nomi nee for State Treasurer, to which reference was made in the Cnr.r week before last. The epistle will be read with general in terest and the writer's logical opinions as to the reconstruction polipy that ought to have been pursued-by the iepublican party in the South will meet with the hearty con currence of many thoughtfhl minds: NEw IBEaIA, )March 10, 1884. Hon. A. J. Dumont, President of the State Central Executive Comngittee of the Re publican Party in Louisiana: Sir-In reading over tfl deliberations of the State Republican cof--ntion assembled in the city of New Orlean~ on the 7th inst., I notice that I have been selected. as the candidate for State Treasurer on the Re publican ticket. Thanking, through you, those gentlemen who have been so con siderate as to present my name and give ame their support, I feel cobmpelled to de cline a nomination ent y nnexpected and unsolicited. In doing so I canin0owever, withhold my approbation of the 4tciples enunci ated in the State Repuatican platform antagonistic, as they are, to the free trade doctrines of the Delnicratic party now threatening to control the legislation of the Congress of the United States. In view of the ultimate triumph pf that wing of the Democratica ty, it is to be regretted that the N onal Republican party, after the final t ihation of the war. did not adopt t dtirent reconstruc tion policy. The question of slavii being irrevoca bly settled by constitu nal amendments guaranteeing to that c impartial right of citizenship, it beca the duty of the Republican party to 6 t the intelligence of the South in the grea ork of reconstruc tion-the paramount ob1igation being toaf ford to the; ,000,000 of ignorantcolored citi zens full and impartial advantages for the education of their race. The intelligence of the South was either disloyal or loyal to the Government of the United States. If disloyal, the States should have continued under military rule; if loyal ignorance should have been made subservient to intelligence in the reorgian ization of the different State Governments in conformity to the new order of things. A contrary course has engendered deep rooted prejudices, whichhave led to the de feat of the Republican party, under what iver leadership, in evqey Southern State. A more liberal policy, I am inclined to think, would have secured results entirely different. The precipitate action of the Democratic party in resisting the inauguration of a LPresideat eonstitatouslly-..elected-when that party controlled the legislative depart ment-the vain appeal to arms before any overt act, threatening or endangering the peace and safety of the country had taken place, and the final issue were little calcu lated to inspire confidence or to restore the Democratic party to public favor. Under the circumstances, is it not ra tional to suppose that a more liberal recon struction policy would have enlisted the full sympathies and secured the full co operation of the entire Whig element of the South, and of the more conservative and disaffected from among the Democrats? Wedded to the teachings of Clay, Web ster and Filmore, the intelligent element of the Whig party, slave-holders as they were, looked upon the institution as an evil, limited in its duration by the immu table laws of Providence and destined to disappear at no distant day under the re quirements of civilization. To such, the movement inaugurated at Sumpter was the signal for defeat-the doom of slavery. The result of the rash attempt'at secession, being as they had anticipated, found that class fully prepared to accept the situation. Outside of the policy o( reconstruction dictated by the peace-making power-the Republican party-upon the great national issues of protection to home industries, the liberal appropriation of public monies for works of internal improvement, the Whig party was the natural ally of the Republi can party. Had such an alliance been effec ted, there would have been no "Solid South," no "Solid North;" the "bloody shirt" and "Negro party" banners, the weapons of the knaves in politics, would have been consigned to a common grave; vital issues would have controlled party or ganizations. The anomaly of Southern Democrats with Republican principles, and Northern Republicans with Democratic principles, antagonistic in name only and fighting side by side in support of meas ures affecting the welfare of their respec tive constituencies, would never have been seen. The control of the legislative depart ment of the government would not have fallen into the hands of fanatical adherents to the defunct theories of Calhoun; the great agricultural and manufacturing in dustries of Louisiana, lately ushered into existence and fostered by the protective policy of the Republican party, with mill ions of capital invested, furnishing employ ment to over a half million of operatives, would not be threatened by unwise legisla tion with complete ruin and bankruptcy. How is this to be averted? Is the only remedy in the organization of a Demo cratic party upon Republica principles? Respectfully, A. DUPERIER. Of 3361 samples of wine examined at the Paris Municipal Laboratory in one year, more than half were found to be bad, while 202 were positively dangerous. Of I037 samples of milk amid cream, 542 proved to bebad; an of seventy-one samples of fruit preserves, no less thanrtwenty-five were pro nounced dangerous. Of ninety-two sam ples of water, silis- wo were condemned' as dangerous. That slight cold you think soe ittmlt of prove the forepaer of a complamd that - be fatal avoid this result ofy takasg Cherry Pectoral, the best of known for colds, coughs, catarrhs, bronch~itis, i eii eat constuapt io, and all other thru'rt aa4atlang diseases, OUR GENERAL NEWS SUMMARY. DOMESTIC. Senator David Davis expects an heir. Patti's first night's receipts in San Fran. cisco were $12,000. Over 200 wild ducks were trapped in a warehouse near Chico, Cal. The funeral of Thomas Einsella, the edi tor of the Brooklyn Eagle, was a mile long. A woman at Norwalk, Ohio, pulled an adopted child's hair until the scalp was loose. The baby giant of the west, died at- Ana masa, Ia. He was six yearsoldand weighed 250 pounds. Rugg, the Negro murderer of Lang Island, is being lionized by the people of that section. Mrs. Langtry refused to. give an Ash Wednesday matinee, and is being sued by her manager for $12,000, Barnum's car for his white elephant is described as eclipsing anything in the ear line ever built, and is sixty feet long. A woman committed suicide at Hot Springs recently by severing her throat to the neck bone with a common hand-saw. The Prejbyteriaxs in Philadelphia de clined to receive their share of $10,000 raised by the giving of the recent charity ball. One of the Siamese sacred white ele phants lived in captivity 180 years, and oc. casioned the death of ;more than 15,000 soldiers. The Jerusalem Club of Boston, composed of wealthy young Germans noted for their eccentricities, has jnst given a dinner of dog meat. There is a marksman in Somerset, Pa., who can shoot through the mouth of a pop bottle thrown into the air and,. knock the bottom out. A trapeze performer fell at Minnea polis, killing himself instantly. The art. d:ence were sohorrified that apanic ocuarred in which several were idlled and wounded. A New Milford, Conn., Sunday school teacher, who supported a wife and four ahil dren on $3 a week, has been sent to jaiL for stealing small quantities of coal and meal. A gang of boys at Oil City, Pa., having determined to run away, each member was to poison his mother so they should have no cause to return. The plot was over-. heard by a servant-girl and the boys ap prehended. Of the two sailor survivors of the Jean nette expedition, Ninderman is employed at the Brooklyn navy yard, and Noros is selling Mrs. De Long's edition of her hus band's journal throughout the New En. gland States. FOEUIGN. Patti has just celebrated her forty-seoond birthday. Mgr. Capel's mother keeps a boarding hdnse Ht Hsthetings, Engl d .iw& An English Roman Catholic lady recently left $2,000,000 to the Pope. The sentence of Potnce Krapotkine has been commuted to banishment. Parisian public schools are visited twies a month by medical inspectors. Bradlaugh has again been excluded from the English House of Parliament. Rebellion against the Turks in Yemen, southWktitrn division of Arabia,is spread. ing. Vicomte Dumonsel, author of scientifo works and member of the eanch Institute, is dead. The steamer Great Eastern has been purchased by England for a coal hulk at Gibraltar. A score of vagrants ranging in age from 90 to 99 years, were recently arrested in one week at Pars. The betrothal of Princess Elizabeth of Hesse with Grand Duke Sergius of Russia is announced. Fifty young women have sailed from France to New Caledonia to be married to well-behaved convicts. The manuscript of "Nana Judith," about to be published in Paris, has been bought at a high price and burned. One of Garibald's daughters is shortly to be married to one of the Professors of the International College at Turin. The Chinese Viceroy, prior to the cap ture of Sontay, ordered the Black Flags to murder every Christian in the city. The remains of W. H. Hunt, late United States Minister to Russia, will be brought to the United States for interment. Peace has been established between Russia and the Vatican, and a Russian minister to the latter will be appointed. Mile. Nevada, an Americanprima decna, is to embrace the Catholic religion, Gounod, the composer, and Mrs. Mackay acting as sponsors. The Grand Duke Michael presented the Emperor of Germany with an autograph letter from the Czar and the baton of a Russian field marshal. Bismark says he would have accepied the American resolutions on Herr Lasker's death had they not contained opinions opposed to his convictions. When Mr. Foote, editor of the Free hhiker, completed his year's imprisonment for blasphemy, Mr. Bradlaugh, with 2000 sympathizers, met hini at the gate of the priron. A charity fair is to be given in England at which -:-1 nations will be represented. Miss Mary Anderson will preside over Da st-il, and one of the American ladies is to appear as an Indian squaw. SOUDArNESE WAR NOTES. El Mahdi is as black as Cetewayo. The garrison at Kassala is holding out strongly. The British forces have captured and de. stroyed Taminieb. The sheiks ask that a British governor be appointed for Tokar. Honesty is the bet pl,!icy in mei10'e as well as in other things. Ayer'sa r8arae is a genuine preparation., an medicine and hl,od parifier, decd e tp or toallothers in thee market. Tri4 t ea it. to JoDhlin, fshes -h Sat depths where they ,".at sai ustained a pressure of eightrt .oeec3t wquare foot of il.eir bnyes,