Newspaper Page Text
Citizens Make Marvelous Progress in
the Work of Restoration.
New Buildings, Finer Than Those Destroyed by the
Earthquake and Fire, Coin Up on Every Side-
"City Beautifh " a Matter of Time.
San Francisco.-One of the world's
great sights is San Francisco. Cities
have been ruil:ed and ashes have
covered them, but never before un
der modern conditions. A city ruined
by earthquake and fire in the old
days meant that the time of recovery
would equal the age of the city up to
the hour of its destruction. In this
age the very evidences of destruction
are turned into agencies of repair and
improvement. Fire has rarely failed
to bring about better conditions in a
city, and San Francisco is no excep
tion to the rule. It is not the im
provement of the city that will make
them marvel, however, as much as
the rapidity with which the work
will be accomplished.
The earthquake of April 18 caused a
few million dollars' damage-possibly
$10,000,000 would cover that loss. The
fire, which had full play after the
quake had broken the water mains,
burned over 514 squares, or 2,560
acres, or four square miles, the total
loss being estimated at $500,000,000.
On this property there was insurance
amounting to about $315,000,000. Of
this insurance about $150,000.000 had
been paid in cash to policyholders up
to September 15.
The fire, as everybody knows, de
stroyed the business district of San
Francisco. but left the shipping and
residence districts intact. Commerce
continued without interruption, ex
cept such incidental disturbances as
the location of new storage places and
the accumulation of freight. Thou
sands of people left the city immedi
ately after the disaster, but compe
tent authorities estimate that 98 per
cent. of these refugees have returned.
Their homes being intact they find
that San Francisco is the place for
them, 'after all, and they are turning
to rebuild the city, either with their
capital or their labor.
Bringing Order from Chaos.
When the fire died down on April
21, the people of San Francisco were
confronted with mighty problems,
some of them demanding instant solu
tion. As this article deals with the
San Francisco of the tluture and not
of the past, it is not neecssary to go
into details regarding the remarkable
ability shown by the committee of fif
ty in providing for the wants of the
hungry and shelterless, writes Irg E.
Bennett. in the.New York Press. That
is a story by itself, and a most inter
esting and inspiring one. Another
pressing problem, howeveR was that
of clearing the streets in order that
communication might be restored.
Thirty-six miles of streets were piled
high with debris. Within five months
this enormous arass of material has
been removed, trolley wires have beeni
strung, street car traffic reestablished
and a system of debris removal inau
gurated which disposes of 100 'car
loads a day. If more labor were to
be had the work would go much
Admission day was celebrated this
year on Monday, September 10. I saw
the city cn that day for the first time
since the disaster. The scene was
appalling. With the exception of a
worker here and there, the destroyed
district was destitute of laboring men.
Ruins, ruins in every direction, as far
as the eye could see: millions of tons
of bricks and mortar piled up in half
destroyed basements; a strong breeze
blowing dust and ashes everywhere; i
writhing steel beams and crumbling
granite marking the sites of once im
, posing buildings, and the very thought
of bringing order out of chaos suffi- C
cient to stagger the imagination.
Cn the next day a far different pic
ture was Ireesnted. In every base
ment was a gang of workmen. They c
struggled with girders, piled brick, c
sifted good material from refuse, han- t
dled pick and shovel, mixed mortar e
and loaded wagons with debris. Thou- t
sands of busy hands were to be seen a
down every- street. Thousands of !
teams went about on the simultane- i
ous task of removal and reconstruc- a
Little Loss of Population. a
To one familiar with the crowds d
that miade Market street and the fer- It
ries famous, there does not appear f
to be any dimninution of population. r
The car system is wholly inadequate, h
although hIterculean efforts have been t:
made to establish communication. g
The ferries are as crowded as ever. $
Theaters are filled to suffocation. The 5s
St. Francis hotel put up a temporary i S
structure in Union square, and it is c
turning away a hundred guests daily.
Other hotels are filled and turning
*O*****.O** OOO*******O*O*** 0*
people away. It requires only a visit
to San Francisco to disprove the re
port that the city has lost half its
The quake shook the life out of
some old firms and hastened the birth
of many new ones. Dozens of stores
bear the names of men who were
clerks before April 18. Merchants
from other cities have stepped in and
established houses here. Competition
is keen, and money appears to be
more plentiful than for many years.
The financial soundness of San
Francisco has been demonstrated in
various ways. The bank' clearings
are much larger than before the fire.
Some of the new money comes from
insurance companies, of course, but
not all of it. The business of the
banks is greater than ever. In some
of them withdrawals exceed deposits,
but the money withdrawn is going
into reconstruction. Other banks are
piling up deposits. The other day a
little flurry was caused by an attempt
ed run on the Hibernia bank, one of
the largest institutions in the coun
try. It was a grotesque failure as a
bank run. The bank has 80,000 ac
counts, receiving no deposits ex
ceeding $3,000. It is reckoned as sol
WHIT LL '
- I I !
T Ei JR
[i~ ac 1-1,I trPn hI rV A fniK Tts orI.
id as the treasury. A few frightened
women formed a line, obtained their
money and then returned and depos
ited it. With this exception public
confidence in the banks has been ab
The scarcity of skilled and un
skilled labor is the chief drawback to
rapid construction. Wages are ex
orbitantly high, but this is the fault
of contractors and proprietors rather
than of the labor unions. The plumb
ers and stationary engineers thought
they saw a chance to get rich quick,
and raised their scale, but were not
sustained by the labor council, which
is an amalgamation of all the unions,
and the old wages were restored. But
the owners of buildings which were
nearing completion at the time of the
disaster are feverish in their anxiety
to complete their buildings and obtain
famine rentals, and their tactics in
raising the wages of workingmen
have caused labor prices to soar. On
this emergency work plasterers are
getting $9 to $11 a day; bricklayers,
$10 a day; carpenters, $7 and $8;
stonemasons, $8 to $10, and other
skilled labor in proportlton. San Fran
cisco is a paradise for z workingman.
Unskilled Labor in Demand.
Unskilled labor is hard to find. The
city needs 20,000 skilled men and
could employ 30,000 unskilled labor
ers. Some of the shrewder unskillet
men have clubbed together and form
ed little companies of their. own. The3
take a contract to remove debris foi
a price, and perform the work during
the noon hour and in the night. As
unskilled labor is getting $4 a day
these willing workers who put ir
extra time are getting more money
than they ever saw before. In mucl
of the burnt district work is carried
on by electric light.
Will San Francisco ever be rebuilt`
is the question asked by people in
the east. The answer is that San
Francisco is now being rebuilt. It is
not a question of the distant future
The process is visible to the naked
eye. Every steel building that was
under construction at the time of the
disaster is being rushed to comple.
tion. Other buildings have been con
tracted for, and with the removal of
debris and the arrival of materials
the work will proceed. Nothing could
be more absurd than to doubt the re
covery of San Francisco from its
great misfortune, in the face of the
work that is actually- in progress.
The contract for the reconstruction of
the Palace hotel on its old site, on
a grander scale than ever, has been
let. The St. Francis is now complet
ing its great steel annex. Business
houses are arranging to build newer
and stronger structures than those
which succumbed to the conflagration
of April 18 to 21. The city will not
be rebuilt in a day, or a year, but it
will go up with a remarkable quick
"City Beautiful" Must Wait.
There has been much talk of a "city
beautiful," with winding avenues
about the hills, broad boulevards, park
extensions, and so on. It was thought
that with the buildings leveled to
the ground the opportunity was open
for the construction of a model mod
ern city, uniting utility and beauty to
a aegree never yet approached in
America. A little study of the sit
uation shows that this is nothing but
a dream. San Francisco people have
enough on their hands in the way of
getting into business again, in any
shape, without tackling the great
task of forming a city on aesthetic
lines. Here and there a street may
be widened and a little park estab
lished, but in the main there will be
no attempt to reform the plans upon
which the city was built. If it was
difficult before the fire to obtain
united action toward civic betterment,
it is doubry difficult how, when every
man must look out for himself.
The railroads terminating at San
Francisco are among the most potent
forces in rebuilding the city. They
saved San Francisco from panic and
possible greater disaster during the
time of stress by carrying away thou
sands of people, free of charge, and
bringing in emergency supplies.
After the crisis the railroads turned
in and assisted in the removal of
debris. Temporary tracks were laid
and rehabilitation was immensely as
sisted. Merchants ordered big stocks
of goods from the east, and the rail
roads rushed the stuff to San Fran
d cisco. There was a time, indeed,
r- when the stuff piled up to such an
d extent as to paralyze the operation
1- of the roads. Five thousand cars of
y freight were congested at San Fran
,r cisco and Oakland. By heroic ef
g forts the lingering freight was dis
s posed of and a serious situation re
, lieved. Now that the railroads are
a able to look after their own business,
y they are expending great sums in
h permanent improvement, which will
d facilitate the reconstruction of the
Insurance Situation Hurts.
n The insurance situation at San
Francisco is exasperating to those
who happened to have policies in
shaky or dishonest companies, but
on the whole the lapses of these com
panies have not affected the city
as seriously as early reports indi
cated. Nearly one-half of all losses
has been paid. Considering the fact
that insurance records, as well as
everything else, went up in smoke,
this is a fairly good showing for five
months. Payments are being made
through the banks at the rate of near
ly $1,000,000 a day. The money goes
into circulation for the most part,
and the resulting activity overshad
ows the fact that hundreds of other
policy holders are waiting for a set
The people of San Francisco per
sonally and through their commercial
organizations, are watching the insur
ance companies with a jealous eye.
Companies that come to the front
with money are reaping a harvest of
new business, while those which
fought for time or actually repudiated
their obligations in whole or in part
r will be made to smart for it.
The chamber of commerce is mak
c ing up a list of honest and dishonest
t companies. The Calilfornia delegation
in congress will have something to
i say on the subject next winter. The
- names of defaulting companies are
to be sent broadcast through the
world, and the opinion is universal in
San Francisco that in the long run
the defaulting companies will dis
cover that they played a losing game
when they defrauded policy holders of
Insurance litigation promises to
become great. Policy holders who
have money enough to fight are not
slow in invoking the aid of the courts.
One or two important cases already
have been decided, but the critical
question is yet to be passed upon.
This question is as to the part played
by the earthquake in causing fire
losses. Policies are variously word
ed, but in the main they provide that
payment shall not be made if the
loss is caused "directly or indirect
ly" by earthquake or other act of
God. Of course, if there had been
no earthquake there would have been
no fire, but the man whose house was
consumed three days after the
quake does not think the indirect
cause is quite close enough to the
effect to justify the insurance com
panies in repudiating all liability.
Show True American Grit.
During the disaster the good humor
and self-possession of San Francis
cans astonished the world. Now, in
the long tug of disposing of the
ashes and rebuilding the city, this
good humor never deserts them, and
they are as confident as though they
were beginning a city for the first
time. There is inspiration in num
bers, comfort in common trouble, and
a spirit of brotherhood that has not
deserted them, although it is not as
marked as it was during times of
danger. The love of good cheer in
the way of 'eating, drinking and lis
tening to music is as strong as ever.
The climax is a continual tonic, and
invites to hard work. The very size
of their disaster seems to nerve the
San Franciscans to hasten the recon
struction of the new city. They come
very near to boasting when they show
their ruins, and some of them display
a remarkably fresh memory of his
tory by comparing their disaster with
the fate of other cities that have per
ished by earthquake and fire, and
risen again. According to these men,
who cite history while making it,
the only bonfire that excelled San
Francisco's was that which con
sumed Rome in Nerntls time. The
great fires of London, Boston, Chi
cago and Baltimore were mere hints
of what a real conflag-ation can do.
So say these dusty, smiling, tireless
San Franciscans, who revel in the
advertising that their city has ob
tained. Their belief in the speedy
reconstruction of the city is absolute,
and they are backing their belief with
money and energy that balks at
All Looked Alike,
Uncle Eph had long boasted that he
had never needed the services of a
doctor, but now he was ill, and his
neighbor felt that the time had come
when a physician should be called.
"Come now, Uncle Eph," said she,
"we will call whomever you wish
you know there's a good allopath and
a good homeopath, and there's a new
doctor, an osteopath. Now, who'll you
"Wal," drawled Uncle Eph,' "I dun- i
no ez it.matters-they do say that all
paths lead to the grave!"
Hitch your wagon to a
Or just as near it as you
Iivin t can;
Byar Be gentle, it the world 1
will let you,
For the morrow always
By MICHAEL L. PADDEN, Don't be timid, don't be
Registrar of Water Supply. New York City. boastful,
Don't borrow coin or
Dress as well as luck will let you
The coat doth often make the man.
Thb first line of that is what makes a hit with me. There is about
ten feet more of the same two-step style of word coupling, and it came
to me through the mails from a Persian prince who had his private yacht
in the harbor at the time that I was uncovering the water front "water
grafts," and I happened to be in a position to help him get his daily
supply of water on board without having to pay extra toll for it.
He sent me a lettar of thanks whenl he sailed, and after hte got over
in his own election district he cent me this jig-time string of philosophy,
which- I take as a compliment, ina:smmueh as it was especially translated
A letter from the prince's secretary accompanivin: it tells me that
it was written many years ago by a near relation of that fellow, Omar
Khayyam, who the .historians say was a tent-maker who wrote poetry
for the magazines that the clown fellows read to the criminal rich when
they were having beefsteak parties along about the time that they were
teaching Cleopatra to use a nursing bottle.
The thing about it that strikes me most forcibly is that you can't
put any twist on the truth that will make it any stronger now than it was
when those chaps were writing philosophy without the aid of a typewriter
and interviewers to give them a boost.
The higher you aim in any game the more certain you are to hit
something, and we're all trying to make a score of some kind in life.
If a man doesn't set his own aitns high no one else will.
A ,man came to me for a place as a bookkeeper
in a big place where a friend of mine had some in
fluence, and I said: "You can't be a bookkeeper.
You are only a porter," and he replied :
"Well, let's start for the bookkeeping job and I
maybe we'll land on some job between that and a _,
cold throw-down." !
He had the "hitch-your-wagon-to-a-star" idea,
CARE OF BLANKETS.
SPECIAL TREATMENT NECES
SARY FOR BEST RESULTS.
Done in the Right Way, No House.
keeper Need Dread the Ap
proach of the Regular Day
As the immortal stump orator re
marked, "We have blankets in our
ewadles, blankets in our twibs, blan
kets in our four-posters." and having
blankets so "prevalent," it behooves
as to keep them clean.
Now, many otherwise excellent
housekeepers dread the annual blan
ket washing simply because they un
derstand little or nothing ol the art
of blanket scouring, as the Scotch
They usually resort to ons or the
other of the two very bad methods,
and either send the blankets to a pub
lic laundry, where they may be made
white and clean, but will certainly
shrink, or they have a washerwoman
in, who upsets the whole household,
washes the poor blankets very badly,
and leaves them hard to touch, very
grnmy-to behold, and some sizes small
er than they ought to be.
Require Individual Care.
-Now, if one lives in the country,
where a garden, or field, or good dry
ing ground is close by an excellently
appointed laundry, a big.annual orgie
of blanket washing may be advan
tageous, though "I hae me doots"
To the ordinary housewife, who has
neither the space nor the appliances
nor the necessary number of servants,
it is a far wiser plan to send one blan
ket to the wash every week, or two
if the washing is a light one, and it
is always necessary only to wash one
at a time, otherwise blankets shrink.
They cannot be treated en masse
as linen or cotton things are, but
must be done speedily and thorough.
ly, and dried on a fine hot day, out of
doors, but not in the hot sun.
Right Kind of Lather.
A warm soap la ther must be pre
pared from soap jelly made the day
before, and a little ammonia, either
lump or liquid, must be added to this,
and the blanket allowed to soak for
about a quarter of an hour to extract
the grease. Then it must be kneaded
and squeezed until the dirt is all loos
ened, and, if necessary, put through
two, and even three, fresh lathers.
The next process is rinsing, which
must be done in warm water, and it
no soft water has been obtainable, a
little ammonia to each rinsing water
is a great advantage.
When rinsing is over it is impor
tant that folding should be even and
exact, and then the wringing through
a machine will act as mangling also.
Shaking well after rinsing, and then
pegging carefully to clothes lines in
the open air, and shaking occasionally
by two persons while drying, are the
final processes, except the "last and
final" stretch between two persons
after they are quite dry, in order to
keep them to their proper size.
Here is a recipe for one of the delli
cacies of the season. Roll out some
puff paste about a quarter of an inch
thick, cut out-by means of a round
paste cutter-as many rounds as are
required, place them in a baking sheet,
and mark the center of each round of
paste with a smaller cutter. Brush
over with beaten yolks of eggs, and
bake for 20 minutes in a fairly hot
oven. Remove the lids, scoop out
some of the soft part of each patty
and fill them with minced chicken
mixed with enough white sauce to
moisten the mixture. Replace the
lids, dish up, and garnish with fried
parsley. If this is done with care it is
not difficult, and It would be a strange
palate that did not find it delicious.
If freshly cleaned tiles are rubbed
over with paraffin they will keep clean
for a long while.
A few drops of lemon juice added
to scrambled eggs while cooking will
To remove fly specks from var
nished surfaces use equal parts of
water and skim milk warmed.
Discolored china baking dishes can
be made as clean as when new by rub
bing them with whiting.
Try sharpening the scissors by at
tempting to cut a large darning needle
for a few minutes.
Glass which has become dusty must
be thoroughly dusted off before it is
cleaned in any other way.
Common Sense Cold Cures.
Look out for the coming of colds.
Several common-sense dealings may
ward away the microbe. Bathe the
feet in hot water and drink a pint of
hot lemonade. Then sponge with salt
water and remain in a warm room.
Or, bathe the face in hot water every
five minutes for an hour. Or, sniff up
the nostrils hot salt water every three
hours. Or. inhale ammonia or men
thol. Or, take four hours' active exer
cise in the open air. Sixthly, 24 hours
in bed is said to be able to break up
the severest cold.
Selects Her Own Color.
Every season brings at least one
popular color-this fall there are two,
royal purple and sage green. Neither
color is becoming to all women, but
it is to be feared that will make prec
ious little difference. Only the wise
woman studies the effeqt of colors and
clings to those which suit her color
ing. The reign of a particular color
does not trouble her an atom.
Cement for Broken Glass.
Plaster of paris, mixed into a paste
with white of egg, makes a strong
cement for mending broken glass or
china; and another excellent cement
is made as follows: Into a small bot
tle press as much isinglass as will fill
it, then pour in by degrees unsweet
ened gin, which will gradually dissolve
the isinglass if the bottle is kept in a
Remove Stains from Enameled Pans,
Fill with water and a tablespoonful
of powdered borax and let it boil well;
then scour with soap rubbed on a
•oarse cloth, rinse thoroughly and dry.
Damp salt rubbed on the stains will
lIso remove them.
The Proved Remedy
For Over 50 Years.
Price 25e and 50e
It takes a lot of common sense to
get a man out of trouble a little non
sense got him into.
HAD TO USE A CANE.
Weakened Kidneys Made an Elwood,
Ind., Man's Back Give Out.
R. A. Pugh, transfer business, 2030
North B street, Elwood, Ind., says:
"Kidney trouble kept
me laid up for a long
time, and when I
was able to be up I
had to use a cane.
I had terrible back
aches and pain in
the shoulders. The
were dark colored.
After doctoring in
vain, I began using Doan's Kidney
Pills. Three boxes cured me entirely,
and I am glad to recommend them."
Sold by all dealers. 50 cents a box.
Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
A Letter from School.
They were talking about boarding
schools, and a lawyer drew a letter
from his pocket.
"My son," he said, "started in at a
new boarding school last week, and
here is a letter that I got from him
The letter was passed about. It
"Dear pa I think I have got apenda
seets. The boys at this school are
not very nice, but I will try not to
larn eny bad habbits. I do not think
the food is good, but I would not mind
if I was a little stronger.
"The piece of meat enclosed is
what we had on Sunday, but on oth
er days it is tuffer. Do not mind my
being so uncomfortable, as I do not
think I will last long. Please send
me a dollar as I owe a boy a dollar.
"Your wretched son, JOHN."
The acts of this life are the destiny
of the next.-Eastern Proverb.
A Positive CATARRH
Ely's Cream Balm c 'suý
is quickly absorbed. F
Gives Relief at Once. i
It cleanses, soothes
heals and protects
the diseased mem
brane. It cures Ca
tarrh and drives
away a Cold in the
Head quickly. sRe-o A FEVER
stores the Senses ofH
Taste and Smell. Full size 50 ets., at Drug.
rists or by mail; Trial Size 10 cts. by mail.
Ely Brothers. 56 Warren Street, New York.
ALWAYS READY .TO USE. NO
DIRT, DUST. SMOKE OR SMELL.
NO MORE STOVE POLISH TROUBLES
all night long from toothache.
'neural i.ia or rheumatism
'kills the pain -- quiets the
nerves and induces sleep
At all dealers. Pice 25c 50e $1.00
Dr. Earl S.Sloan,, Boston,rMass.U.S.A.
Built so strong that the people who
have worn them nearly always come
back to their Dealer for the second pair.
They are Stylish and Comfortable.
Insist that your Dealer gives you this
Carruthers-Jones Shoe Co.
,I r, POMMEL
. LIKE ALL
Ismade of the best
Srelit4lede ders everfher
I SIGN OFTHE FISH
T $ Ton CAOmaDinC us A u;TOow A o.
W. L. DOUCLAS
*3.50 &3.00 Shoes
BEST IN THE WORLD
W.LDouglas $4 Gilt Edge line
cannotbe equalledatany price
To Shoe Dealers:
W. L. Douglas' Job
heng Hose is the most
complete in this country
SHOES FOR EVERYBODY AT ALL PRICES.
Men's Shoes. $5 to $1.50. Boys' Shoes. $3
to!L25, Women's Shoes. $4.00 to $1.50,
Misses' & OChildren's Shoes. $2.25 to $1.00.
Try W. L. Douglas Women's, Misses and
Children's shoes; for style, fit and wear
they excel other makes.
If I could take you Into my large
factories at Brockton, Moass.,and show
you how carefully W.L. Douglas shoes
are made, you would then understand
why they hold their shape, fit better,
wear longer, and are of greater value
than any other make.
Wherever you live, you can obtain W. L.
Douglas shoes. His name and price is stamped
on the bottom, which protects you against high
prices and inferior shoes. Take no rubsti.'
tute. Ask your dealer m W. L. Douglas shoes
and insist upon having t isem.
Fast Color Egelets used; they will not wear brssg.
Write for Illustrated Catalog of Fall Styles.
W. DOUGLAS, Dept. 12 Brockton, Mas,
'Iwas a Victim
of Dyspepsia for a number of
years, and suffered from loss of
appetite, headache and pains
in the lower bowels. I used
many different treatments but
was unable to get the com
plaint under control." This
was the experience of Mrs.
Georgia Anna Arties, of Shan
non, N. C., and she writes of
the result of her continued ef
forts for finding relief: "I was
advised by friends to try
which I did, and before I had
taken one package I found that.
I was being greatly benefited.
I have used three boxes and
stand ready to pronounce it the
best and finest medicine I ever
used or heard of, and I am tell
ing all my friends about it."
St Joseph's Liver Iegulator has been on
the market for twenty-five years-it is put
up in large tin boxes-It Is guaranteed
to give satisfaction and keep its full
strength in any climate. It should be used
in all cases of Indigestion. Constipation. Bil
iousness. Dyspepsia, Sour Stomach. Dropsy,
Liver Complaint. Heart Palpitation. Chills
and Fever. and all derangements of the livers
GERSITLE MEDICINE CO..
SAt all Dealer, la 2.f.cst Boze.