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THE DONALDSONV LLE C HIEF.
A WIDE-AWAKE HOME NEWSPAPER---PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY---SLBSCRIPTION PRICE. $2 A YEAR VOLUME XLII!, DONALDSONVILLE, LA., SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1914. NUMBER 48. ._._ rJ.' nnamnmmmnnml~ e~mmaaamnn~uu.- . . aL-,.,-..e..naL~m,., n '. ,. .immuumfu . um eanOlnnmaamunama =a..maa ua~lannunnmi n mu.n.,mm i imnim". unln ~n la NUMBERN 48.i ur SillT iiTO T T UHAIEI Legality of Provision Exempting City property Owners from Payment of parish Taxes to be Deterrrin ed by Courts. A suit to test the legality of that provision of the charter of Donald sonville which exempts property own ers of the city from the payment of parish taxes was filed in the district court Saturday. June 20, when Louis Loston instituted proceedings to re strain Sheriff E.C. Hanson from dis posing of certain property belonging to Mnr Boston, situated within the corporate limits of Donaldsonville, on which the parish tax for the year 1913 had not been paid. At the last meeting of the com ruission council Mayor Walter Lem ann called attention to the fact that the provision of tile city's charter ex empting property owners from the payment of parish taxes has not been availed of, and on his motion the city attorney was authorized to file a suit in the name of some consent ing delinquent taxpayer to establish the validity of the clause in question, the cost of the litigation to be borne by the city. Mr. Boston consented to lend his name to the proceedings, and the action was begun with the suit for injunction instituted in the district court. The petition represents that the plaintiff is the owner of vacant lors 9 and 10 in square 3, Lemann Addi tion, which are assessed at $100, and that the sheriff of Ascension parish was tendered the sum of $4.95 in full settlement of state and levee taxes on said property for the year 1913, which tender nas refused by the sheriff. It is contended by petition er that his property is located within the limits of the incorporated town of Donaidsonville, and, therefore, is exempt from the parish tax under the provisions of Act No. 139 of 1900, (constituting the charter of Donald aonville), Section I of which provides that "the police jury of the parish of Ascension shall not impose any tax es or licenses on persons, business or property within the corporate lim its of said town of Donaldsonville." It is further recited that "Article 224 of the constitution of Louisiana, year 1413, grants and gives to the general assembly of this state plenary end exclusive authority over the tax ing power of the parishes of this state, and said article specially pro vides that taxing power may be ex ercised by parishes, under authority granted to them by the general as sembly. That by Act 139 of 1900 the general assembly, in the exercise of its discretion and by virtue of the power expressly given it by the con stitution, withdrew from the police S ry.. -f the parish of Ascension alil rights, power, authority or jurisdic tion to impose any taxes or licenses on persons, business or property with in the corporate limits of the city of Donaldsonville."' Petitioner is represented in the proceedings by Mlessrs. Pugh & Lemann, B. J. Vega and Richard Melancon, and upon the trial of the suit District Attorney Philip Gilbert will appear on behalf of the parish. The case will be taken to the su preme court, with a view to definite. ly establishing the status in law of the point involved, and should the ruling be adverse to the municipal ity, all the towns in Louisiana simi larsy affected will be invited to join Donaldsonville in making a fight be fore the general assembly for the en actment of the necessary legislation to validate the provisions of charters exempting property owners of incor porated towns from the payment of parish taxes. St. Charles Invited to Join Fair As sociation. R. S. Vickers, secretary- of the South Louisiana Fair Association; Evan J. McCall, member of the board of directors of that organizat:on; Rev. E. P. Gueymard, special immi gration agent of the Texas & Pacific Railroad, and Mr. Fuller, a photo grapher in the employ of the latter road, made a trip to Hahnville last week in Mr. McCall's 'utomnobile for the purpose of appealing before a meeting of the police ,jury of St. Charles parish to extend an invitation to that parish to join the South Louisiana Fair Association. The jury Was sitting as a board of reviewd f the assessment rolls and could nqt act upon the matter at the time, but it was stated the invitation would be considered at the regular meeting Of the body on July 7, when favorablh action is confidently anticipated. Photographer Fuller is taking a n''iber of pictures of farm scenes in the four parishes of Ascension, Assumption, Iberville and St. James, to be used in illustrating a lecture Which Immigration Agent Gueymard Will be sent west to deliver at vari ous Points during the late summer and fall months. i he views will show the different phases of agricultural o!erations in this sa.cton, the general character of the country and its adaptability to farming and industrial irj ases, and, supplemitented by Fa ther Guevmard's vivid descriptive W.a1"ill give a graphic idea of the mrvelous naturalo resources and ad Yistaghes of the fertile alluvial par ishes of Louisiana. a'ther Guenmard's trip to the West is another step in the campaign teing conducted by the T. & P. Rail --cd to attract immigrants to this cti, and is epeeted to be pro tVe of fruitful results. Protracted Drouth Injuring Crops. iOti siana weather and crop con ltie for the week ending June 30 e it ummarized as follows by the SStates Weather Bureau: Temperatures were above 100 de 'i many Places, and only light, So cattered showers occurred. Cit and cane are in fair condition, tie boll weevil is increasing. ,aP 18lburning up and is ruined in Sloalities. Truck gardens are ~~eiup n most places. Rice is .,t . but melons and fruit are HIIOW IT WIORKS ELSEWVHE. Operation and Effect of Guaranty of Bank Deposits Law in Kansas, Texas and Oklahoma-Plan Al together Successful. That the law providing for the guaranty of bank deposits is operat ing successfully in Kansas, Texas ap. Oklahoma is shown by the report of the special committee_ appointed by the Louisiana general assembly to in vestigate the workings of this mea sure in states which have adopted it, as reproduced herewith from the official journal of the senate, of date June 18: To the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Repre sentatives: We, your committee, to whom was referred the 'duty of securing data relative to the workings of the bank guaranty of deposits in the various states in which such a law is operat ing, and also all other facts both in favor of and against the proposition, oeg to make this our report, submit ring herewith letters from the bank 'ng departments of other states, facts, figures and other data secured and collected for the presentation of the subject. We wish to say that all that has been submitted to this committee, and as far as our information ob Lains, commands in every instance a firm belief and conviction that such a law now in operation in the states of Texas, Kansas, Nebraska and Ok lahoma is a perfect success and prov ing a very satisfying safeguard to de positors, and in no wise objectionable Lo the banks operating under its pro visions. We would further call attention to the fact that in no instance has any .adverse fact been submitted, although ample opportunity and special call was made for facts both for and against such a law. In view of this fact your committee begs to submit this report and asks to be discharged. A. F. BARROW, F. C. CLAIBORNE, CHARLESE. SCHWING. Topeka, Kans., May 26, 1914. Hon. A. F. Barrow, Mr. F. C. Clai borne and Mr. Charles E. Sc hwing, House of Representa tives, Baton Rouge, La.: Gentiemen:--I have your letter of She 22nd, asking for information with regard to the operatioh and effect of :he guaranty of deposits law of this state, for the ,use of your committee ,n formulating a similar law. For your information I enclose you under separate cover a pamphlet con maining the banking law and also the guaranty law, governing the state Ianks of- this staz. Th- guaranty' law was passed in 1909, and since it has been in operation the guaranty tund has been drawn upon to pay but one loss, amounting to about $28,000. The loss has been kept down to this small amount through the fact that we have, as I believe you will agree when you read our law, a most ex cel!tnt banking law, which clothes tihe administering officer with a ,reat deal of power and enables him, if properly administered, to .L ep the banks in good condition. The amount upon deposit under the .aw wi h the state treasurer is at this time approximately $115,900 in cash, and $403,000 in bonds. A guaranty law, to be successful, must be preceded by a banking'law imilar to ours providing for strict supervision and should, fix a salary for the supervising officer and his subordinates sufficiently large to en able the state to secure the services of competent and experienced men. I should say that the minimum sal ary for an examiner should be $2500, tor you can not expect to secure both caliber and experience for a smaller amount. The' banks should be regularly ex amined not less than twice each year, and if I were to make any sugges tion to amend the law we have in this state, it would be to prohibit the executive officers of our bank ing institutions from borrowing money from their, own banks under a pen alty sufficiently severe to make it effective. We find that the greatest trouLies in the banks of this state are through official borrowing, ex ceseive' loans and the granting of ov tr-drafts, and every banking law should cover these propositions in a practical and effective way. No state should, in my judgment, pass a g _aranty law unless they have a strong banking law that has been in force for several years, so as to en able the supervising officers to get the affairs of the several banks toroughly adjusted. I should be pleased, of course, to Iurnish your committee any addition al information that you may desire, upon request. Very truly yours, CHAS. M. SAWYER, Bank Commissioner. Austin, Texas, May 27, 1914. lion. A. F. Barrow, House of Repre sentatives, Baton Rouge, La.: Dear Sir:-This department has re eived from His Excellency, Governor O. B. Colquitt, your letter to 'him un der date of the 22d, requesting infor mation with reference to the state bank guaranty law.of this state. Replying to your request for infor rsation I beg to state that this law was passed and became effective in this state Aug. 9, 1909. Its operation so far has been a viery decided suc cess. We have a& this time 820 banks operating :.under the provi sions of this laws and we have a total guaranty fund available at this date of $973,985.81: This fund will be increased from t'ie 'to time until it reaches the st o.f two million dollars, at which re it will be maintained, but no assessmentS _will be made on cont ting banks un til the fund falls sbort of .that amount. With reference ~ depositros' guaranty fund, I to quote YoUt from my last ann repot made-to the governor, as o Ats , 1913: "The. economic lt of .the~ state of Texas, w as :with par ticular visor pro 4urin re cent years, finds its expression in the statistical data relating to the development of the state banks, in Texas. Its characteristic signs are not only the large increase in the number of banks, but also in the growth of their funds (deposits, sav ings, trust money, etc.) intrusted to the state banks. In considering this remarkable development of our state banking system it will be interesting to observe that this progress is close ly connected with the enactment of the bank guaranty law, providing for the guarantee of certain depositors against a loss. A pure Democratic act, there is no doubt that the sound, fundamental principles of this system convinced the people; hence the change of many private banks, and even national banks, into state banks. The very able manner and method of supervision pursued by my predecessors has given impetus and stability to the system." It appears that during the period from Sept. 1, 1912, to Aug. 31, 1913, the total amount of the guaranty fund increased by $199,507.12. It is further worth mentioning that the proportion of the annual pay ments to the fund have materially in creased with each year. Part of this growth is formed by the pay ments from newly organized banks. The greater part, however, results from the payment of regular, legal assessments, which each and every year, according to the law, become due at the end of the guaranty fund year Oct. 31. The law provides, further, that the annual assessments based upon the submitted amounts of average daily deposits must be contributed so long as the total fund does not exceed two million dollars. In this respect the assessments show a large and continued growth, as,the number of banks whose 3 per cent payments at the time of organization have been adjusted increases year by year. The number of banks do not show such proportionate increase. In analyzing the figures one has to bear in mind the fact that some banks were liquidated and new ones added, the increase always larger than the dimunitions. I might also state that the total cost to the contributing banks in this state since the adoption of the guar anty fund plan has been approxi mately $55,000, and no unsecured de positor has ever lost a cent in a state bank in Texas. It is true we have had several failures and sus pensions, but in no instance has there been any excitement or un easiness manifested in the localities where such failures or suspensions occurred by the depositors of the fail ed Lanks. They have all felt that they were protected and hence the result of the failure or suspension was minimized, and other banks op erating in the immediate vicinity were not in the least embarrassed. This, to my mind, is a great argu ment in favor of the guaranty of bank deposits. At this time we have 820 banks operating under the guaranty fund law, with total resources of $150,000, 000 in round numbers. As a whole they are prosperous and condition satisfactory. I desire to say in passing, however, that the success of the guaranty law in this state has been brought about by a system of frequent and rigid examinations and supervision. I am taking the liberty of sending you under separate cover a copy of the law, digest of 1913, and if I can be of any further service to you in this matter, please command me. Yours very truly, W. W. COLLIER, Commissioner. Governor's Office, Austin, Texas, May 25, 1914, lion. A. F. Barrow, Chairman, Baton Rouge, La.: Dear Sir:-Your letter of May 22 is received. I am sending same to Hon. W. W. Collier, Commissioner of In surance and Banking, with the re quest that he write you fully con cerning our state banking system and the guarantee law. He can give you more detailed information as to the workings of same. The success of the guarantee plan, however, depends largely upon a strict enforcement of the banking laws. When I became governor I appointed Hon. B. L. Gill, an experienced bank er of ability, as commissioner of in surance and- banking, with the under standing that he was tQ strictly en force the state banking laws, which he did admirably. He resigned to take the vice presidency of the Sea board National Bank of New York at greatly increased compensation. I appointed Hon. W. W. Collier, of San Antonio, - to succeed him, and have consistently supported his ef forts to enforce the state banking laws, with the result that the state banks of Texas during my adminis tration have been about as clean and well looked after as the national banks. I think much depends on the vigorous enforcement of the law. Yours truly, O. B. COLQUITT, Governor. Oklahoma City, Okla., May 26, 1914. Senator A. F. Barrow, Baton Rouge, La.: Dear Sir:-As per your request of the 22nd instant, addressed to Hon. Lee Cruce, governor, which has been forwarded to this office for attention, I desire to advise you that the first few years of the operation of our guaranty law proved very expensive to our state banks, but since that time our law has been amended- to suCe an extent and conditions have so improved that we feel the future success of our law is assured without any great expense to our banks. State banks located in the Indian Territory section of our state had never been examined prior .to state hood, consequently banking condi tions in this state were In a chaotic condition at that time. In the haste to put our law in operation, a num her of state banks were permitted to come -under our system without suffi cient examination, consequently there, were a number - of insolvenat banks which came under: the guranty law and afterwards caused us very heavy ~oses. However,: we feel that: w have practiealy elinated all o the; RESPONSBILITY OF GOCD CITIZENSHIP.I HUO YOIB AN HLP BuiD uP YUN ill I6 M ITY. A community is as progressive as its average citizen-no more and no less. Every individual is reckoned with in arriving at the average. No one is exempt. You are responsible for the spirit of your community. You are, whether you know it or iot. You cannot place yourself out of the calculation. You either stand above or below the average; if below, you are a community liability; if above, a community asset. In one case you are pulling down; retarding the advancement and progress of the community. In the ot:hr-you are pulling up and promoting advancement and progress. There is a responsibility resting upon every citizen of this town-the responsibility of good citizenship. What makes one a good citizen? What constitutes good citi zenship. Is it paying your bills and taxes? Yes, partly, but more. It is lending your aid and co-oper>tion in all movements for the bet terment and advancemernt of you; city and section; it is patroniz ing home industries, your merchants, your bankers, your -bakers, your butchers, your printers, your factories, your shops, and sup porting your ;ome concerns who pay the taxes for the main tenance of your government, who help to support your scheools, your charities your good roads; who pay the salaries on which many families depend, and on wlhose prosperity rests in. large measure the welfare of your city. Mail order catalogs are sent you by houses which bear none of the burdens of taxation in your community, which ar: in no wise interested in the growth of your city, and when you order from them you are aiding and abetting unfair competition for your home merchants. REMEMBER THIS BEFORE SENDING AWAY ANOTHER ORDER. REMEMBER, TOO, T,--AT M'ONEY SENT AWAY FOR GOODS YOU SHOULD BUY AT HOME, NEVER RETURNS, AND GOES TOWARD ENRICHING ANOTHER CITY INSTEAD OF YOUR OWN, KEEP YOUR MONEY AT HOME AND HELP BUILD UP YOUR OWN COMMUNITY. DONALDSONVILLE CH AMBER OF COMMERCE, By R. S. VWIKERS, Secretary. insolvent banks at this time, and the condition of our state banKs today is much better than it has ever been, notwithstanding three or four years of short crops. I would suggest that in case a de positors' guaranty law is adopted in your state sufficient time is given to make the proper examination of your state banks and force them to get into the proper condition before per mitting them to come under your guaranty law. We will be very glad indeed to furnish you any additional information or answer any questions which you desire to ask with refer ence to the operation of our law. I am maili~" yoiA dhder -separate cover, copy of the latest biennial re port of this department. Also a copy of our present banking laws. Yours very truly, J. IH. CRAWFORD, Bank Commissioner. LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE. The Chief is not responsible for the views expressed by correspondents. Potato Raising Profitable. Belle Helene, La., June 30, 1914. Editor Chief: It may be of interest to some to read of the outcome of Irish potato planting by the Belle Helene Farmers Association. Our association shipped four carloads to Cincinnati, and not until after shipping did we realize that we had made some serious mis takes, all of which are attributable to not having in advance the infornia tion as to grading, packing, and, most serious of all, the variety best suited to the northern trade. Our association members planted only the white potato, which is an inferior selling potato on the northern market. The Bliss Triumph, on the Cincinnati market were bringing from fifty to seventy-five cents per 90-pound sack more than any of the white varieties. I also gained the information that to secure the best prices for our produce it is necessary to exercise the best care in grading and packing and in this way attract the high grade buyers on the market, as all inferior goods are sold to an inferior trade. Still with all of our mistakes, I made a very profitable showing on seven acres planted to potatoes on Rearwood plantation, as the state ment herewith will show: Fall and Jan. plowing of land $ 12 11 471,^ bu. seed potatoes .. .: 49 70 Planting ..... ...... 12 03 First cultivation, with harrow 1 48 Second cultivation, with har row .. ......... .. .... 1 40 Third cultivation, with Mo line cultivator and dou ble plow.... .... .. .... 5 25 Fourth cultivation, with plows and hoes...... .... .... 7 30 Cost of 442 90-lb. sacks at 5'i. cents ... ...... .. 24 31 Digging and lcading cars.. 28 30 Rent, 7 acres of land...... 35 00 Pro rata of expense to Cin cinnati....... .... ..... 25 00 $ 201 88 Net proceeds 442 sacks po tatoes.... ...... ....$478 a5 Net profit.... .... .......$276 47 Net profit per acre.... ....$ 39 49 Yours very truly. W. B. STUART. All furniture for the Utah state building at the San Diego (Cal.) ex position in 1915 will be made by the pupils of the state's manual training schools. Contests have been institut ed in the schools and the prize speci mens will furnias the different halls of the building. At the end of 1915 they will be sent .back to the schools that supplied them, as trophies. It is believed the war between miners and their employers in Colora =o Is over and .iat no further trou ble will occur there. llAttractive aoney is the. only ki' we prit. Ge as your orders., Two Virile Political Parties. The News-Star endorses and com mends the organization of another white man's political party in Lou isiana, call it ~hat you may. The N.e,--Star has, for years, urged the organization of two virile political parties in this state, for several rea sons, chief among which was the knowledge that there were many hundreds of good and true citizens who professed to be Democrats, for peculiar reasons, but who were, from principle, environment and personal and financial interest, Republicans or Progressives, as they now prefer to b'e called. T. e aregro question; with its nightmare of reconstruction horrors, literally forced many splen did citizens to vote with the. Demo cratic majority in order to enjoy the blessings of white supremacy and avoid the menace of negro domina don. \.e rmakle this frank confession be cause there is no reason to hide the truth. The deplorable conditions which existed immediately after the war, and wwhich continued for many years, do not obtain now. The pros Ypct of negro domination is no longer a menace to the white people of Louisiana. Therefore, while the News-Star yields to no one in its fealty to the true doctrines of the i)emocratic party, we feel it would be bcst for all citizens were there two strong white political parties in this state, and we earnestly hope the Progressives will succeed in or ganizing such a party in every par ish in the state, to the end that there may be formidable opposition to the Democratic party. The News-Star is a Democratic newspaper; we believe :n the principles of the party, and steadfastly maintain that the Demo cratic party is the friend of the great majority of the people. But there are those who disagree with us. We hope they will no longer sail under false colors, but will come out in the open and stand squarely and honestly upon the platform of the op position, by whatever name it may be known. This is the proper course -the only honest course. But in making this suggestion the News-Star would also make it im possible, once these gentlemen have affiliated with the Progressives or Republicans, for them to take part in any kind of a Democratic elec tion. We know, and all who take an interest in public affairs know, that heretofore hundreds of men, profess ing to be Democrats, have participat ed in Democratic primary elections, helping to nominate some candidate who is. perhaps, not the choice of a majority of the real Democrats, and then in the general election these same men would support the opposi tion candidate. This is unfair, un just and dishonest, and the man who thus violates his personally assumed obligation to support the nominee is a menace and a traitor and merits the severest condemnation of all hon est citizens. The News-Star suggests that the law requiring each voter to register his party affiliation be rigidly en forced and that no one except real Democrats be permitted to take part in Democratic primary elections. The law requires that party changes be made at least six months before tie electi:n in which the voter pro poses to take part is held, and that no voter be allowed to vote in one primary who is affiliated with an other political party. If this rule is rigidly enforced, the real Democrats have nothing to fear from the Pro gressive party or any other ,white man's party in Louisiana Nothing short of this would be honest, and we do not believe real Democrats will accept anything less than that which is honest and just.-Monroe News-Star. Remember that money sent away for goods you should buy at home never returns, and goes toward en riching another city instead of your own. River Navigation to be Revived. Under the auspices of the Inland Navigation Bureau, commercial navi gation of the Mississippi river be tween New Orleans and St. Paul will be revived with the departure from SNew Orleans next Monday of barge No. 5. This barge is one, of several gas propelled flat-bottom steel craft de signed by John H. Bernhard, and built at New Orleans for the purpose of navigating the inland waterwa. of the United States under economic conditions. The freight carrying ca pacity of these barges is very much greater than that of ordinary river craft, and the cost of'operating them is very much less. In fact, the cost of moving freight by them, even un der existing unfavorable conditions, is not more than half a mill per ton mile, while the cost under the ideal conditions the Inland Navigation Bu reau expects ultimately to establish should not exceed one-eighth or one quartep! of a mill per ton mile. There is no patent on the design or construction of these modern craft, and any boat builder may construct them if he possess the proper equip ment. The barges are built with capaci ties ranging from 10 to 1000 tons. Unlike thq old river craft, no frills or fancy work ente into their con struction. They are Plain iron ani steel from stem to sterm, and are so shaped as to slide over sand bars and to push stumps and snags out of the way. Every possible facility for easy and economic loading and unloading is provided. The crew needed to nav igate a loaded 1000-ton barge consists cf seven men all told. The cost of fuel is less than $ as day. No fuel is wasted when the barge is not under way. On the trip to Sty Paul, 1000 tons of Louisiana Iumb4r will be taken up, and 1000 tons of export flour and other commodities will be trought back to New Orleans for shipside delivery. Se;eral newspaper men, engineers and others will make the trip up from New Orleans, and Mr. Bernhard, the designer and builder, and sev eral army engineers will join the party at St. Louis and make the trip to St. Paul. They will sleep on cots under a large awning on the forward deck, a very comfortable arrange ment. The boat will move up the river a t a rate of about 7fr miles an hour. Morgan to Canvass District. Lewis L. Morgan, representative in congress from the sixth Louisiaga district, spent part of Monday in New Orleans, says the Times-Picayune. He left late in the afternoon for his home in Covington, and after a short -there : r tourr of - his ;istrict. Congressman Morgan has been hard at work in Washington during most of the time following his election two years ago, and he avail ed himself of this opportunity to come to Louisiana and go over the political situation with his friends. It seemed as if Mr. Morgan would have oppositibn up to a few weeks ago, but his friends now assert he will be re-elected in the fall without opposition. During his career in con gress Mr. Morgan has accomplished much good for the agricultural inter ests of his district, as well as other sections of the state. He has a big following in the Florida parishes, and his support in the sugar parish es always has been formidable. "I merely came down to meet my triends and go over the field," said Mr. Morgan Monday. "There has been some talk of opposition to me in the coming election, but upon the sincere assurance of support tendered me by my friends, I believe I have nothing to worry about. Neverthe less, I shall canvass my district from one end to the other, as I know from experience that the best way to as certain the wishes and sentiments of the people is through personal con tact." Outbreak of Charbon. Charbon has become epidemic in some parts of Louisiana and the State Live Stock Sanitary Board is taking active and vigorous measures to suppress it. Dr. E.P. Flower, execu tive officer of the board, returned to Baton Rouge Saturday after a two weeks' inspection trip over the state. The Live Stock Board has conducted investigations in 16 parishes during the past month. Dr. Flower himself has been in LaSalle, Catahoula, Liv ingston, Ascension, East Feliciana, WVest Feliciana and East Baton Rouge. In each of these parishes he set in motion the machinery for the enforcement of regulations of the board necessary to the control of the disease. In addition the Live Stock Board has sent inspectors to Avoyelles, La Salle, Grant, Winn, Tangipahoa, West Feliciana, and Iberia. Dr. Flower is of the opinion that the excessive drouth probably has something to do with the spread of the infection, primarily inducted by negligence respecting the proper dis position of the charbonous carcasses. Copies of the regulations of the board are being sent out. The crops in this vicinity are bad ly in need of rain, and in some local ities they are in danger of being ma terially injured unless there should be an early cessation of the dry spell. Local showers have been received in scattered portions of the parish, but no general rain has fallen in several weeks, the last precipitation- of any consequence having occurred about the middle of May. The dust is in ches thick in the roads, making trav el over the much-used highways in tensely disagreeable, and the supply of drinking water for man and beast is running low, in many neighbor hoods. "It takes a lfve fish to swim up stream." Be live. Advertise in The Chief. The Chief's telephone number is 84. Call us up whenever you have any item of news. JOYS OF AN EDITOR. Lots of Real Work and Little Fun in Running a Country Weekly, Says One Who Knows-Print Shop Not an Elysium for Lazy Man. We are asked to elaborate upon the fun of publishing a country pa per, by which it is meant, we sup pose, to point out to the reader the satisfaction experienced by the ed itor in the accomplishment of his chosen work, that of enlightening and entertaining his readers. We do not know if we are able to handle this abstruse question as it deserves, having been in the lime- - light only a short time. We there fore approach this subject with hesi tation and humility; but, neverthe less, we approach it. If there is any fun in publishing a paper of rany sort I have never found it. But I find there's lots of work brain work and muscle work-work that will cause the goose grease of subcutaneous orgin to ooze forth from the pores of the pencil shover's skin until it covers his whole anatomy, leaving in its wake, if not death and destruction, then dirt and despondency, clear to the tips of his fingers and feet. By the word editor I mean a man who thinks, not an automation, or a parrot, nor even a monkey; but a man who, like Collins' Mutton Ma terial, has a head of his own aqzd uses it. To such there is a world of satis faction in publishing a paper of any sort, and he puts his whole soul into his work. His is the joy-not the fun-of a good work well done, and he lives and dies accordingly. Whoever deludes himself with the thought of a soft snap in a print shop will see his disillusionment melt away before many moons, and he will wish heartily and vehemently (and continually) that he had never been born. A print shop is not an elysiitai for a lazy man, if there be such a place prepared for such a man, which I doubt. From foreman to devil, from proof reader to pressman, there is work, work, work-nothing but work-work and discrimination, good judgment. Work to select that which he should print to please and to instruct. Work to eliminate that which would give needless offense or do injustice; and thought and work to say that which must be said in such a manner as to make it understood without being misunderstood by any one. We said there is no fun in run ning a country weekly, but we will take that back. There is. For ex ample, there's the fun of learning to set type; the fun of learning to know b- from &,tand p fsom qm -.be"fun of : dorrecting typographical errors and reading writing that )ooks like chick en tracks and spelling like Josh Bil lings. All this is very funny to a man who has no sense of humor or appre ciation of the ridiculous; but not otherwise. To the editor (not the visitor) be longs the spoils, or rather, the spoil ing (or making and unmaking), of statesmen, constitutions, institutions and laws. And herein is the real fun, that is to say, the real enjoy ment of running a paper-the pleas ure and consciousness of doing good unto your fellows and thereby leaving the world better and wiser and hap pier for your having lived in it. Rockville Tribune. K. of H. Celebrate Anniversary. ,Forty-one years of prosperity and ever-increasing membership were commemorated by the combined iodges of the Knights of Honor in New Orleans with a banquet at the Victoria Hotel Tuesday night. Two members of the supreme lodge of the order, L. E. Bentley and W. Bos worth, the former past supreme dic tator, the latter supreme guardian, were the guests of honor at the ban quet, at which Dr. D. Bornio presid ed as toastmaster. Toasts and speeches were made by more than 100 members. The orator of the evening was Mr. Bentley, who, besides giving some inside his tory of the Knights of Honor, told some interesting facts about fraternal orders in the United States. He said the Knights of Honor began with a membership of seventeen men in Louisville, Ky., June 30, 1873. These men clubbed together in a little neighborhood organization and made the dues $1 a year, and thus the seeds were sown that led to the splendid order of today, that has dis tributed during its forty-one years of existence more than $101,000,000 to its widows , and orphans. The Knights of Honor, said Mr. Bentley, is the oldest national protective as sociation in the United States. ± Mr. Bentley gave an. interesting history of fraternal orders in the l.ife insurance business of the United States. He said 211 orders, with a membership of 8,000,000 people, dis tributed more than $1,000,000 a week in insurance, assuming first rank in insurance importance. Among the speakers were: George Maxent, grand dictator; George I. Martin, grand assistant dictator; W. Bosworth, supreme guardian; H. M. Saal, grand vice dictator; Henry Walters, grand reporter and treas urer; V. A. Sandoz, 'grand guard; J. J. Fuller, grand guardian, and J. T. Gates. Dr. D. Bornio was chairman of the banquet committee, and he was as- sisted by L. E. Bentley, H. Walters, J. O. Bosworth and Joseph Fabacher. While the supreme court may be correct in its interpretation of the law relative to the Young case, it does seem that the authority to ap point ought to carry with it the pow er of removal, where the state bank examiner is not in harmonious accord with the views of the appoint ive power. But it has been well said that "law is a d--d imposition up on common sense."-Alexandria Dem ocrat. For results, advertise in The Chief.