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The Donaldsonville chief. (Donaldsonville, La.) 1871-current, July 04, 1914, Image 1

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THE DONALDSONV LLE C HIEF.
A WIDE-AWAKE HOME NEWSPAPER---PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY---SLBSCRIPTION PRICE. $2 A YEAR
VOLUME XLII!, DONALDSONVILLE, LA., SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1914. NUMBER 48.
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SillT iiTO T T UHAIEI
Legality of Provision Exempting City
property Owners from Payment
of parish Taxes to be Deterrrin
ed by Courts.
A suit to test the legality of that
provision of the charter of Donald
sonville which exempts property own
ers of the city from the payment of
parish taxes was filed in the district
court Saturday. June 20, when Louis
Loston instituted proceedings to re
strain Sheriff E.C. Hanson from dis
posing of certain property belonging
to Mnr Boston, situated within the
corporate limits of Donaldsonville, on
which the parish tax for the year
1913 had not been paid.
At the last meeting of the com
ruission council Mayor Walter Lem
ann called attention to the fact that
the provision of tile city's charter ex
empting property owners from the
payment of parish taxes has not been
availed of, and on his motion the
city attorney was authorized to file
a suit in the name of some consent
ing delinquent taxpayer to establish
the validity of the clause in question,
the cost of the litigation to be borne
by the city. Mr. Boston consented
to lend his name to the proceedings,
and the action was begun with the
suit for injunction instituted in the
district court.
The petition represents that the
plaintiff is the owner of vacant lors
9 and 10 in square 3, Lemann Addi
tion, which are assessed at $100, and
that the sheriff of Ascension parish
was tendered the sum of $4.95 in full
settlement of state and levee taxes
on said property for the year 1913,
which tender nas refused by the
sheriff. It is contended by petition
er that his property is located within
the limits of the incorporated town
of Donaidsonville, and, therefore, is
exempt from the parish tax under the
provisions of Act No. 139 of 1900,
(constituting the charter of Donald
aonville), Section I of which provides
that "the police jury of the parish of
Ascension shall not impose any tax
es or licenses on persons, business
or property within the corporate lim
its of said town of Donaldsonville."
It is further recited that "Article
224 of the constitution of Louisiana,
year 1413, grants and gives to the
general assembly of this state plenary
end exclusive authority over the tax
ing power of the parishes of this
state, and said article specially pro
vides that taxing power may be ex
ercised by parishes, under authority
granted to them by the general as
sembly. That by Act 139 of 1900 the
general assembly, in the exercise of
its discretion and by virtue of the
power expressly given it by the con
stitution, withdrew from the police
S ry.. -f the parish of Ascension alil
rights, power, authority or jurisdic
tion to impose any taxes or licenses
on persons, business or property with
in the corporate limits of the city of
Donaldsonville."'
Petitioner is represented in the
proceedings by Mlessrs. Pugh &
Lemann, B. J. Vega and Richard
Melancon, and upon the trial of the
suit District Attorney Philip Gilbert
will appear on behalf of the parish.
The case will be taken to the su
preme court, with a view to definite.
ly establishing the status in law of
the point involved, and should the
ruling be adverse to the municipal
ity, all the towns in Louisiana simi
larsy affected will be invited to join
Donaldsonville in making a fight be
fore the general assembly for the en
actment of the necessary legislation
to validate the provisions of charters
exempting property owners of incor
porated towns from the payment of
parish taxes.
St. Charles Invited to Join Fair As
sociation.
R. S. Vickers, secretary- of the
South Louisiana Fair Association;
Evan J. McCall, member of the board
of directors of that organizat:on;
Rev. E. P. Gueymard, special immi
gration agent of the Texas & Pacific
Railroad, and Mr. Fuller, a photo
grapher in the employ of the latter
road, made a trip to Hahnville last
week in Mr. McCall's 'utomnobile for
the purpose of appealing before a
meeting of the police ,jury of St.
Charles parish to extend an invitation
to that parish to join the South
Louisiana Fair Association. The jury
Was sitting as a board of reviewd f
the assessment rolls and could nqt
act upon the matter at the time,
but it was stated the invitation would
be considered at the regular meeting
Of the body on July 7, when favorablh
action is confidently anticipated.
Photographer Fuller is taking a
n''iber of pictures of farm scenes
in the four parishes of Ascension,
Assumption, Iberville and St. James,
to be used in illustrating a lecture
Which Immigration Agent Gueymard
Will be sent west to deliver at vari
ous Points during the late summer
and fall months. i he views will show
the different phases of agricultural
o!erations in this sa.cton, the general
character of the country and its
adaptability to farming and industrial
irj ases, and, supplemitented by Fa
ther Guevmard's vivid descriptive
W.a1"ill give a graphic idea of the
mrvelous naturalo resources and ad
Yistaghes of the fertile alluvial par
ishes of Louisiana.
a'ther Guenmard's trip to the
West is another step in the campaign
teing conducted by the T. & P. Rail
--cd to attract immigrants to this
cti, and is epeeted to be pro
tVe of fruitful results.
Protracted Drouth Injuring Crops.
iOti siana weather and crop con
ltie for the week ending June 30
e it ummarized as follows by the
SStates Weather Bureau:
Temperatures were above 100 de
'i many Places, and only light,
So cattered showers occurred.
Cit and cane are in fair condition,
tie boll weevil is increasing.
,aP 18lburning up and is ruined in
Sloalities. Truck gardens are
~~eiup n most places. Rice is
.,t . but melons and fruit are
HIIOW IT WIORKS ELSEWVHE.
Operation and Effect of Guaranty of
Bank Deposits Law in Kansas,
Texas and Oklahoma-Plan Al
together Successful.
That the law providing for the
guaranty of bank deposits is operat
ing successfully in Kansas, Texas ap.
Oklahoma is shown by the report of
the special committee_ appointed by
the Louisiana general assembly to in
vestigate the workings of this mea
sure in states which have adopted
it, as reproduced herewith from the
official journal of the senate, of date
June 18:
To the President of the Senate and
Speaker of the House of Repre
sentatives:
We, your committee, to whom was
referred the 'duty of securing data
relative to the workings of the bank
guaranty of deposits in the various
states in which such a law is operat
ing, and also all other facts both in
favor of and against the proposition,
oeg to make this our report, submit
ring herewith letters from the bank
'ng departments of other states, facts,
figures and other data secured and
collected for the presentation of the
subject.
We wish to say that all that has
been submitted to this committee,
and as far as our information ob
Lains, commands in every instance a
firm belief and conviction that such
a law now in operation in the states
of Texas, Kansas, Nebraska and Ok
lahoma is a perfect success and prov
ing a very satisfying safeguard to de
positors, and in no wise objectionable
Lo the banks operating under its pro
visions.
We would further call attention to
the fact that in no instance has any
.adverse fact been submitted, although
ample opportunity and special call
was made for facts both for and
against such a law.
In view of this fact your committee
begs to submit this report and asks
to be discharged.
A. F. BARROW,
F. C. CLAIBORNE,
CHARLESE. SCHWING.
Topeka, Kans., May 26, 1914.
Hon. A. F. Barrow, Mr. F. C. Clai
borne and Mr. Charles E.
Sc hwing, House of Representa
tives, Baton Rouge, La.:
Gentiemen:--I have your letter of
She 22nd, asking for information with
regard to the operatioh and effect of
:he guaranty of deposits law of this
state, for the ,use of your committee
,n formulating a similar law.
For your information I enclose you
under separate cover a pamphlet con
maining the banking law and also the
guaranty law, governing the state
Ianks of- this staz. Th- guaranty'
law was passed in 1909, and since it
has been in operation the guaranty
tund has been drawn upon to pay but
one loss, amounting to about $28,000.
The loss has been kept down to this
small amount through the fact that
we have, as I believe you will agree
when you read our law, a most ex
cel!tnt banking law, which clothes
tihe administering officer with a
,reat deal of power and enables
him, if properly administered, to
.L ep the banks in good condition.
The amount upon deposit under the
.aw wi h the state treasurer is at
this time approximately $115,900 in
cash, and $403,000 in bonds.
A guaranty law, to be successful,
must be preceded by a banking'law
imilar to ours providing for strict
supervision and should, fix a salary
for the supervising officer and his
subordinates sufficiently large to en
able the state to secure the services
of competent and experienced men.
I should say that the minimum sal
ary for an examiner should be $2500,
tor you can not expect to secure
both caliber and experience for a
smaller amount.
The' banks should be regularly ex
amined not less than twice each year,
and if I were to make any sugges
tion to amend the law we have in
this state, it would be to prohibit
the executive officers of our bank
ing institutions from borrowing money
from their, own banks under a pen
alty sufficiently severe to make it
effective. We find that the greatest
trouLies in the banks of this state
are through official borrowing, ex
ceseive' loans and the granting of
ov tr-drafts, and every banking law
should cover these propositions in a
practical and effective way. No
state should, in my judgment, pass
a g _aranty law unless they have a
strong banking law that has been in
force for several years, so as to en
able the supervising officers to get
the affairs of the several banks
toroughly adjusted.
I should be pleased, of course, to
Iurnish your committee any addition
al information that you may desire,
upon request. Very truly yours,
CHAS. M. SAWYER,
Bank Commissioner.
Austin, Texas, May 27, 1914.
lion. A. F. Barrow, House of Repre
sentatives, Baton Rouge, La.:
Dear Sir:-This department has re
eived from His Excellency, Governor
O. B. Colquitt, your letter to 'him un
der date of the 22d, requesting infor
mation with reference to the state
bank guaranty law.of this state.
Replying to your request for infor
rsation I beg to state that this law
was passed and became effective in
this state Aug. 9, 1909. Its operation
so far has been a viery decided suc
cess. We have a& this time 820
banks operating :.under the provi
sions of this laws and we have a
total guaranty fund available at this
date of $973,985.81: This fund will
be increased from t'ie 'to time until
it reaches the st o.f two million
dollars, at which re it will be
maintained, but no assessmentS _will
be made on cont ting banks un
til the fund falls sbort of .that
amount.
With reference ~ depositros'
guaranty fund, I to quote YoUt
from my last ann repot made-to
the governor, as o Ats , 1913:
"The. economic lt of .the~
state of Texas, w as :with par
ticular visor pro 4urin re
cent years, finds its expression in
the statistical data relating to the
development of the state banks, in
Texas. Its characteristic signs are
not only the large increase in the
number of banks, but also in the
growth of their funds (deposits, sav
ings, trust money, etc.) intrusted to
the state banks. In considering this
remarkable development of our state
banking system it will be interesting
to observe that this progress is close
ly connected with the enactment of
the bank guaranty law, providing for
the guarantee of certain depositors
against a loss. A pure Democratic
act, there is no doubt that the
sound, fundamental principles of this
system convinced the people; hence
the change of many private banks,
and even national banks, into state
banks. The very able manner and
method of supervision pursued by my
predecessors has given impetus and
stability to the system."
It appears that during the period
from Sept. 1, 1912, to Aug. 31, 1913,
the total amount of the guaranty
fund increased by $199,507.12.
It is further worth mentioning that
the proportion of the annual pay
ments to the fund have materially in
creased with each year. Part of
this growth is formed by the pay
ments from newly organized banks.
The greater part, however, results
from the payment of regular, legal
assessments, which each and every
year, according to the law, become
due at the end of the guaranty fund
year Oct. 31. The law provides,
further, that the annual assessments
based upon the submitted amounts
of average daily deposits must be
contributed so long as the total fund
does not exceed two million dollars.
In this respect the assessments show
a large and continued growth, as,the
number of banks whose 3 per cent
payments at the time of organization
have been adjusted increases year
by year. The number of banks do
not show such proportionate increase.
In analyzing the figures one has to
bear in mind the fact that some
banks were liquidated and new ones
added, the increase always larger
than the dimunitions.
I might also state that the total
cost to the contributing banks in this
state since the adoption of the guar
anty fund plan has been approxi
mately $55,000, and no unsecured de
positor has ever lost a cent in a
state bank in Texas. It is true we
have had several failures and sus
pensions, but in no instance has
there been any excitement or un
easiness manifested in the localities
where such failures or suspensions
occurred by the depositors of the fail
ed Lanks. They have all felt that
they were protected and hence the
result of the failure or suspension
was minimized, and other banks op
erating in the immediate vicinity
were not in the least embarrassed.
This, to my mind, is a great argu
ment in favor of the guaranty of
bank deposits.
At this time we have 820 banks
operating under the guaranty fund
law, with total resources of $150,000,
000 in round numbers. As a whole
they are prosperous and condition
satisfactory.
I desire to say in passing, however,
that the success of the guaranty law
in this state has been brought about
by a system of frequent and rigid
examinations and supervision.
I am taking the liberty of sending
you under separate cover a copy of
the law, digest of 1913, and if I can
be of any further service to you in
this matter, please command me.
Yours very truly,
W. W. COLLIER,
Commissioner.
Governor's Office,
Austin, Texas, May 25, 1914,
lion. A. F. Barrow, Chairman, Baton
Rouge, La.:
Dear Sir:-Your letter of May 22 is
received. I am sending same to Hon.
W. W. Collier, Commissioner of In
surance and Banking, with the re
quest that he write you fully con
cerning our state banking system and
the guarantee law. He can give you
more detailed information as to the
workings of same.
The success of the guarantee plan,
however, depends largely upon a strict
enforcement of the banking laws.
When I became governor I appointed
Hon. B. L. Gill, an experienced bank
er of ability, as commissioner of in
surance and- banking, with the under
standing that he was tQ strictly en
force the state banking laws, which
he did admirably. He resigned to
take the vice presidency of the Sea
board National Bank of New York at
greatly increased compensation. I
appointed Hon. W. W. Collier, of
San Antonio, - to succeed him, and
have consistently supported his ef
forts to enforce the state banking
laws, with the result that the state
banks of Texas during my adminis
tration have been about as clean
and well looked after as the national
banks. I think much depends on the
vigorous enforcement of the law.
Yours truly,
O. B. COLQUITT,
Governor.
Oklahoma City, Okla., May 26, 1914.
Senator A. F. Barrow, Baton Rouge,
La.:
Dear Sir:-As per your request of
the 22nd instant, addressed to Hon.
Lee Cruce, governor, which has been
forwarded to this office for attention,
I desire to advise you that the first
few years of the operation of our
guaranty law proved very expensive
to our state banks, but since that
time our law has been amended- to
suCe an extent and conditions have
so improved that we feel the future
success of our law is assured without
any great expense to our banks.
State banks located in the Indian
Territory section of our state had
never been examined prior .to state
hood, consequently banking condi
tions in this state were In a chaotic
condition at that time. In the haste
to put our law in operation, a num
her of state banks were permitted to
come -under our system without suffi
cient examination, consequently there,
were a number - of insolvenat banks
which came under: the guranty law
and afterwards caused us very heavy
~oses. However,: we feel that: w
have practiealy elinated all o the;
RESPONSBILITY OF GOCD CITIZENSHIP.I
HUO YOIB AN HLP BuiD uP YUN ill I6 M ITY.
A community is as progressive as its average citizen-no
more and no less.
Every individual is reckoned with in arriving at the average.
No one is exempt.
You are responsible for the spirit of your community. You
are, whether you know it or iot. You cannot place yourself
out of the calculation.
You either stand above or below the average; if below, you
are a community liability; if above, a community asset.
In one case you are pulling down; retarding the advancement
and progress of the community. In the ot:hr-you are pulling up
and promoting advancement and progress.
There is a responsibility resting upon every citizen of this
town-the responsibility of good citizenship.
What makes one a good citizen? What constitutes good citi
zenship.
Is it paying your bills and taxes? Yes, partly, but more. It
is lending your aid and co-oper>tion in all movements for the bet
terment and advancemernt of you; city and section; it is patroniz
ing home industries, your merchants, your bankers, your -bakers,
your butchers, your printers, your factories, your shops, and sup
porting your ;ome concerns who pay the taxes for the main
tenance of your government, who help to support your scheools,
your charities your good roads; who pay the salaries on which
many families depend, and on wlhose prosperity rests in. large
measure the welfare of your city.
Mail order catalogs are sent you by houses which bear none
of the burdens of taxation in your community, which ar: in no
wise interested in the growth of your city, and when you order
from them you are aiding and abetting unfair competition for
your home merchants.
REMEMBER THIS BEFORE SENDING AWAY ANOTHER
ORDER. REMEMBER, TOO, T,--AT M'ONEY SENT AWAY FOR
GOODS YOU SHOULD BUY AT HOME, NEVER RETURNS, AND
GOES TOWARD ENRICHING ANOTHER CITY INSTEAD OF
YOUR OWN,
KEEP YOUR MONEY AT HOME AND HELP BUILD UP
YOUR OWN COMMUNITY.
DONALDSONVILLE CH AMBER OF COMMERCE,
By R. S. VWIKERS, Secretary.
insolvent banks at this time, and the
condition of our state banKs today
is much better than it has ever been,
notwithstanding three or four years
of short crops.
I would suggest that in case a de
positors' guaranty law is adopted in
your state sufficient time is given to
make the proper examination of your
state banks and force them to get
into the proper condition before per
mitting them to come under your
guaranty law. We will be very glad
indeed to furnish you any additional
information or answer any questions
which you desire to ask with refer
ence to the operation of our law.
I am maili~" yoiA dhder -separate
cover, copy of the latest biennial re
port of this department. Also a copy
of our present banking laws.
Yours very truly,
J. IH. CRAWFORD,
Bank Commissioner.
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE.
The Chief is not responsible for the
views expressed by correspondents.
Potato Raising Profitable.
Belle Helene, La., June 30, 1914.
Editor Chief:
It may be of interest to some to
read of the outcome of Irish potato
planting by the Belle Helene Farmers
Association. Our association shipped
four carloads to Cincinnati, and not
until after shipping did we realize
that we had made some serious mis
takes, all of which are attributable to
not having in advance the infornia
tion as to grading, packing, and,
most serious of all, the variety best
suited to the northern trade. Our
association members planted only the
white potato, which is an inferior
selling potato on the northern market.
The Bliss Triumph, on the Cincinnati
market were bringing from fifty to
seventy-five cents per 90-pound sack
more than any of the white varieties.
I also gained the information that
to secure the best prices for our
produce it is necessary to exercise
the best care in grading and packing
and in this way attract the high
grade buyers on the market, as all
inferior goods are sold to an inferior
trade. Still with all of our mistakes,
I made a very profitable showing on
seven acres planted to potatoes on
Rearwood plantation, as the state
ment herewith will show:
Fall and Jan. plowing of land $ 12 11
471,^ bu. seed potatoes .. .: 49 70
Planting ..... ...... 12 03
First cultivation, with harrow 1 48
Second cultivation, with har
row .. ......... .. .... 1 40
Third cultivation, with Mo
line cultivator and dou
ble plow.... .... .. .... 5 25
Fourth cultivation, with plows
and hoes...... .... .... 7 30
Cost of 442 90-lb. sacks at
5'i. cents ... ...... .. 24 31
Digging and lcading cars.. 28 30
Rent, 7 acres of land...... 35 00
Pro rata of expense to Cin
cinnati....... .... ..... 25 00
$ 201 88
Net proceeds 442 sacks po
tatoes.... ...... ....$478 a5
Net profit.... .... .......$276 47
Net profit per acre.... ....$ 39 49
Yours very truly.
W. B. STUART.
All furniture for the Utah state
building at the San Diego (Cal.) ex
position in 1915 will be made by the
pupils of the state's manual training
schools. Contests have been institut
ed in the schools and the prize speci
mens will furnias the different halls
of the building. At the end of 1915
they will be sent .back to the schools
that supplied them, as trophies.
It is believed the war between
miners and their employers in Colora
=o Is over and .iat no further trou
ble will occur there.
llAttractive aoney is the. only
ki' we prit. Ge as your orders.,
Two Virile Political Parties.
The News-Star endorses and com
mends the organization of another
white man's political party in Lou
isiana, call it ~hat you may. The
N.e,--Star has, for years, urged the
organization of two virile political
parties in this state, for several rea
sons, chief among which was the
knowledge that there were many
hundreds of good and true citizens
who professed to be Democrats, for
peculiar reasons, but who were, from
principle, environment and personal
and financial interest, Republicans
or Progressives, as they now prefer
to b'e called. T. e aregro question;
with its nightmare of reconstruction
horrors, literally forced many splen
did citizens to vote with the. Demo
cratic majority in order to enjoy the
blessings of white supremacy and
avoid the menace of negro domina
don.
\.e rmakle this frank confession be
cause there is no reason to hide the
truth. The deplorable conditions
which existed immediately after the
war, and wwhich continued for many
years, do not obtain now. The pros
Ypct of negro domination is no longer
a menace to the white people of
Louisiana. Therefore, while the
News-Star yields to no one in its
fealty to the true doctrines of the
i)emocratic party, we feel it would
be bcst for all citizens were there
two strong white political parties in
this state, and we earnestly hope
the Progressives will succeed in or
ganizing such a party in every par
ish in the state, to the end that there
may be formidable opposition to the
Democratic party. The News-Star is
a Democratic newspaper; we believe
:n the principles of the party, and
steadfastly maintain that the Demo
cratic party is the friend of the
great majority of the people. But
there are those who disagree with
us. We hope they will no longer sail
under false colors, but will come out
in the open and stand squarely and
honestly upon the platform of the op
position, by whatever name it may
be known. This is the proper course
-the only honest course.
But in making this suggestion the
News-Star would also make it im
possible, once these gentlemen have
affiliated with the Progressives or
Republicans, for them to take part
in any kind of a Democratic elec
tion. We know, and all who take an
interest in public affairs know, that
heretofore hundreds of men, profess
ing to be Democrats, have participat
ed in Democratic primary elections,
helping to nominate some candidate
who is. perhaps, not the choice of a
majority of the real Democrats, and
then in the general election these
same men would support the opposi
tion candidate. This is unfair, un
just and dishonest, and the man who
thus violates his personally assumed
obligation to support the nominee is
a menace and a traitor and merits
the severest condemnation of all hon
est citizens.
The News-Star suggests that the
law requiring each voter to register
his party affiliation be rigidly en
forced and that no one except real
Democrats be permitted to take part
in Democratic primary elections.
The law requires that party changes
be made at least six months before
tie electi:n in which the voter pro
poses to take part is held, and that
no voter be allowed to vote in one
primary who is affiliated with an
other political party. If this rule is
rigidly enforced, the real Democrats
have nothing to fear from the Pro
gressive party or any other ,white
man's party in Louisiana Nothing
short of this would be honest, and
we do not believe real Democrats
will accept anything less than that
which is honest and just.-Monroe
News-Star.
Remember that money sent away
for goods you should buy at home
never returns, and goes toward en
riching another city instead of your
own.
River Navigation to be Revived.
Under the auspices of the Inland
Navigation Bureau, commercial navi
gation of the Mississippi river be
tween New Orleans and St. Paul will
be revived with the departure from
SNew Orleans next Monday of barge
No. 5.
This barge is one, of several gas
propelled flat-bottom steel craft de
signed by John H. Bernhard, and
built at New Orleans for the purpose
of navigating the inland waterwa.
of the United States under economic
conditions. The freight carrying ca
pacity of these barges is very much
greater than that of ordinary river
craft, and the cost of'operating them
is very much less. In fact, the cost
of moving freight by them, even un
der existing unfavorable conditions,
is not more than half a mill per ton
mile, while the cost under the ideal
conditions the Inland Navigation Bu
reau expects ultimately to establish
should not exceed one-eighth or one
quartep! of a mill per ton mile.
There is no patent on the design or
construction of these modern craft,
and any boat builder may construct
them if he possess the proper equip
ment.
The barges are built with capaci
ties ranging from 10 to 1000 tons.
Unlike thq old river craft, no frills
or fancy work ente into their con
struction. They are Plain iron ani
steel from stem to sterm, and are
so shaped as to slide over sand bars
and to push stumps and snags out of
the way.
Every possible facility for easy
and economic loading and unloading
is provided. The crew needed to nav
igate a loaded 1000-ton barge consists
cf seven men all told. The cost of
fuel is less than $ as day. No fuel
is wasted when the barge is not under
way.
On the trip to Sty Paul, 1000 tons
of Louisiana Iumb4r will be taken
up, and 1000 tons of export flour
and other commodities will be
trought back to New Orleans for
shipside delivery.
Se;eral newspaper men, engineers
and others will make the trip up
from New Orleans, and Mr. Bernhard,
the designer and builder, and sev
eral army engineers will join the
party at St. Louis and make the trip
to St. Paul. They will sleep on cots
under a large awning on the forward
deck, a very comfortable arrange
ment.
The boat will move up the river
a t a rate of about 7fr miles an hour.
Morgan to Canvass District.
Lewis L. Morgan, representative in
congress from the sixth Louisiaga
district, spent part of Monday in New
Orleans, says the Times-Picayune.
He left late in the afternoon for his
home in Covington, and after a short
-there : r tourr of - his
;istrict. Congressman Morgan has
been hard at work in Washington
during most of the time following his
election two years ago, and he avail
ed himself of this opportunity to
come to Louisiana and go over the
political situation with his friends.
It seemed as if Mr. Morgan would
have oppositibn up to a few weeks
ago, but his friends now assert he
will be re-elected in the fall without
opposition. During his career in con
gress Mr. Morgan has accomplished
much good for the agricultural inter
ests of his district, as well as other
sections of the state. He has a
big following in the Florida parishes,
and his support in the sugar parish
es always has been formidable.
"I merely came down to meet my
triends and go over the field," said
Mr. Morgan Monday. "There has
been some talk of opposition to me
in the coming election, but upon the
sincere assurance of support tendered
me by my friends, I believe I have
nothing to worry about. Neverthe
less, I shall canvass my district from
one end to the other, as I know from
experience that the best way to as
certain the wishes and sentiments of
the people is through personal con
tact."
Outbreak of Charbon.
Charbon has become epidemic in
some parts of Louisiana and the
State Live Stock Sanitary Board is
taking active and vigorous measures
to suppress it. Dr. E.P. Flower, execu
tive officer of the board, returned to
Baton Rouge Saturday after a two
weeks' inspection trip over the state.
The Live Stock Board has conducted
investigations in 16 parishes during
the past month. Dr. Flower himself
has been in LaSalle, Catahoula, Liv
ingston, Ascension, East Feliciana,
WVest Feliciana and East Baton
Rouge. In each of these parishes he
set in motion the machinery for the
enforcement of regulations of the
board necessary to the control of the
disease.
In addition the Live Stock Board
has sent inspectors to Avoyelles, La
Salle, Grant, Winn, Tangipahoa, West
Feliciana, and Iberia.
Dr. Flower is of the opinion that
the excessive drouth probably has
something to do with the spread of
the infection, primarily inducted by
negligence respecting the proper dis
position of the charbonous carcasses.
Copies of the regulations of the board
are being sent out.
The crops in this vicinity are bad
ly in need of rain, and in some local
ities they are in danger of being ma
terially injured unless there should
be an early cessation of the dry spell.
Local showers have been received in
scattered portions of the parish, but
no general rain has fallen in several
weeks, the last precipitation- of any
consequence having occurred about
the middle of May. The dust is in
ches thick in the roads, making trav
el over the much-used highways in
tensely disagreeable, and the supply
of drinking water for man and beast
is running low, in many neighbor
hoods.
"It takes a lfve fish to swim up
stream." Be live. Advertise in
The Chief.
The Chief's telephone number is
84. Call us up whenever you have
any item of news.
JOYS OF AN EDITOR.
Lots of Real Work and Little Fun in
Running a Country Weekly, Says
One Who Knows-Print Shop Not
an Elysium for Lazy Man.
We are asked to elaborate upon
the fun of publishing a country pa
per, by which it is meant, we sup
pose, to point out to the reader the
satisfaction experienced by the ed
itor in the accomplishment of his
chosen work, that of enlightening and
entertaining his readers.
We do not know if we are able to
handle this abstruse question as it
deserves, having been in the lime- -
light only a short time. We there
fore approach this subject with hesi
tation and humility; but, neverthe
less, we approach it.
If there is any fun in publishing a
paper of rany sort I have never found
it. But I find there's lots of work
brain work and muscle work-work
that will cause the goose grease of
subcutaneous orgin to ooze forth
from the pores of the pencil shover's
skin until it covers his whole
anatomy, leaving in its wake, if
not death and destruction, then dirt
and despondency, clear to the tips of
his fingers and feet.
By the word editor I mean a man
who thinks, not an automation, or a
parrot, nor even a monkey; but a
man who, like Collins' Mutton Ma
terial, has a head of his own aqzd
uses it.
To such there is a world of satis
faction in publishing a paper of any
sort, and he puts his whole soul into
his work.
His is the joy-not the fun-of a
good work well done, and he lives
and dies accordingly.
Whoever deludes himself with the
thought of a soft snap in a print
shop will see his disillusionment melt
away before many moons, and he will
wish heartily and vehemently (and
continually) that he had never been
born. A print shop is not an elysiitai
for a lazy man, if there be such a
place prepared for such a man, which
I doubt.
From foreman to devil, from proof
reader to pressman, there is work,
work, work-nothing but work-work
and discrimination, good judgment.
Work to select that which he should
print to please and to instruct. Work
to eliminate that which would give
needless offense or do injustice; and
thought and work to say that which
must be said in such a manner as to
make it understood without being
misunderstood by any one.
We said there is no fun in run
ning a country weekly, but we will
take that back. There is. For ex
ample, there's the fun of learning to
set type; the fun of learning to know
b- from &,tand p fsom qm -.be"fun of :
dorrecting typographical errors and
reading writing that )ooks like chick
en tracks and spelling like Josh Bil
lings.
All this is very funny to a man
who has no sense of humor or appre
ciation of the ridiculous; but not
otherwise.
To the editor (not the visitor) be
longs the spoils, or rather, the spoil
ing (or making and unmaking), of
statesmen, constitutions, institutions
and laws. And herein is the real
fun, that is to say, the real enjoy
ment of running a paper-the pleas
ure and consciousness of doing good
unto your fellows and thereby leaving
the world better and wiser and hap
pier for your having lived in it.
Rockville Tribune.
K. of H. Celebrate Anniversary.
,Forty-one years of prosperity and
ever-increasing membership were
commemorated by the combined
iodges of the Knights of Honor in
New Orleans with a banquet at the
Victoria Hotel Tuesday night. Two
members of the supreme lodge of the
order, L. E. Bentley and W. Bos
worth, the former past supreme dic
tator, the latter supreme guardian,
were the guests of honor at the ban
quet, at which Dr. D. Bornio presid
ed as toastmaster.
Toasts and speeches were made by
more than 100 members. The orator
of the evening was Mr. Bentley,
who, besides giving some inside his
tory of the Knights of Honor, told
some interesting facts about fraternal
orders in the United States. He said
the Knights of Honor began with
a membership of seventeen men in
Louisville, Ky., June 30, 1873. These
men clubbed together in a little
neighborhood organization and made
the dues $1 a year, and thus the
seeds were sown that led to the
splendid order of today, that has dis
tributed during its forty-one years
of existence more than $101,000,000
to its widows , and orphans. The
Knights of Honor, said Mr. Bentley,
is the oldest national protective as
sociation in the United States. ±
Mr. Bentley gave an. interesting
history of fraternal orders in the l.ife
insurance business of the United
States. He said 211 orders, with a
membership of 8,000,000 people, dis
tributed more than $1,000,000 a week
in insurance, assuming first rank in
insurance importance.
Among the speakers were: George
Maxent, grand dictator; George I.
Martin, grand assistant dictator; W.
Bosworth, supreme guardian; H. M.
Saal, grand vice dictator; Henry
Walters, grand reporter and treas
urer; V. A. Sandoz, 'grand guard; J.
J. Fuller, grand guardian, and J. T.
Gates.
Dr. D. Bornio was chairman of the
banquet committee, and he was as-
sisted by L. E. Bentley, H. Walters,
J. O. Bosworth and Joseph Fabacher.
While the supreme court may be
correct in its interpretation of the
law relative to the Young case, it
does seem that the authority to ap
point ought to carry with it the pow
er of removal, where the state
bank examiner is not in harmonious
accord with the views of the appoint
ive power. But it has been well said
that "law is a d--d imposition up
on common sense."-Alexandria Dem
ocrat.
For results, advertise in The Chief.

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