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The Canton mail. [volume] (Canton, Miss.) 18??-1882, January 02, 1875, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034299/1875-01-02/ed-1/seq-4/

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SrprT.Tr. WTT.SOH'B NEW NO.
I 6 SEWDTO MACHINE.
awaartsaaai IsnMitwt, s.w TurUJmm9,a
A Board o JfaMjcr i
anrrLun-After s foil and impartial ex-
ainax
r
eraauon 01 th. artiole. dtasonbed, IM onder-
; juogea inu tne following
unti (ABSTBAOT):
lam.- a ; -sr.. jmwi
I ft Wilson's New No. 6) was claimed
I be bo great an improvement, both
Son tbe well-known family machine
de by the aame company, and upon
1 other aewiag-maohinfiw, as entitled it
I recognition u a new and valuable in
ntion. Undtr these circumstances, an
tremely thorongh and minute examin
ica became both desirable and neeea
jt, not only ef its novelty bnt of the
fill and workmanship manifested in the
tting and adjustment of all its parts.
fe have risen from snob, examination
ith an ample conviction that he claim,
t all its essential features, is well
(At the commencement of oar examin
ion, we were provided with severel
aaplete seta of all tbe working parts as
ey eame from the manufactory, and
are at liberty to make our own selee
oa for the construction of a complete
taeniae i J our presence. We thus had,
large) degree, a demonstration of the
icety of the manufacture. Every part
'as formed to fit every other part with
cast precision. Bo accurately, for in
anee, did the several rotating hooks
t in the same bearing, that , while en
sing it, each one of them, without
eh contact aa required fores, wjaai
tly compressed the ' air within in
eehing its proper seat.
I The judges ennmeraaa and describe
am of the points of novelty and exeel
jnee of the machine. AmAng others :
( The simple and efficient device for
Vodnemg variable motion for the rota-
( The independent take-np lever, which
toarea the tightening of the stitch on
er the best possible cireomstanees ;
( Tbe peculiar form of the hook and the
tatva"bobbm holding great qnan
1 eof the under thread;
I The simple device for producing and
Wring the tension of the lower thread;
The hollow steel needle-bar ;
I Tbe facility of applying and rising
iaay aseful attach ments tbe hemmer,
iader, eorder, mfflar, Aa
I Having completed the construction of
W trial machine, in the way indicated,
t was mounted npon a convenient stand,
ad submitted to every variety of teat
m to Ue range of work that oonld be
xeonted npon it properly and well, and
ritbout other adaptation than simple
bangea of needle snd thread. The mere
jet of opeisliiwis performed in our pres
awe without the slightest hesitation or
allure, and without the discoverable
loss of so much as a single stitch, would
Sonvey an inadequate idea of the com
plete so cot as achieved,
f BeriunrnsT with a needle measuring
out 17-1000 inch in diameter, and opera
ting with the finest thread upon lace
Tooda, the same machine passed through
all the stages of muslin, and broadcloth
of all conceivable thicknesses and fold
ings and ridginga, and then with waxed
.bread stitching through portions of
liaavy harness leather.
I After this demonstration of its range
of work, we entered upon the nicer tests
required for a family and light manufac
turing machine. In this department we
witnessed all the varieties of work on
hemming, felling, and braiding, and also
a degree) of success in single and double
ruffling which we believe unparalleled.
The varied kinds of work on a lady's
boot were then performed, and each of
base with the same marked success,
fudeed. whatever the teat, and whatever
.he work presented, the aame unfailing
perfection was exhibited, not only in the
work aa piece, but in tbe execution of
sjoh individual stitch. With much pa
.lent examination, we were unable to
Jisoover a single defeat.
I ' The minuteness of ibis report is a sun
Vie reflection of the care with which ws
have endeavored to examine these claims.
t We find the chief advantage of this ma-
chine to be in the use of a modified form
I of the rotating hook aa a substitute for
the shuttle, the hook carrying the upper
'tread around the bobbin containing the
t , J19 asjne eBeoTU UIRBUIIUIB.' life
-csparioritv of this rotary motion over the
Meincoeating motion of the shuttle ma
i chines cannot be disputed. The "lock
stitch' which is thus secured has always
I ranked highest on account of the perma
mrwr. beauty, and general desirable
ness of the stitching when done, and the
wie range of its application.
To these conceded advantages there
have been added, in our presence, the
severest and moat searching testa of its
capaoity and usefulness upon every or
dinarUy possible kind of work, and we
can dc no leas than bear witness to the
entire tod remarkable success which has
attended ita action in every part of our
examination. It is a maehtne which.
bv the proof submitted, we cere satis
fled must twrntuaily supersede all ottv rs
now knowAvith which it comet in com-
rtUion. -
As the ontv conclusion to which we
i arrive after an investigation of tne
'eral menu of each of tne sewing-
bines submitted, an investigation
hich we have endeavored to make pa
en ly and completely in every respect,
nd sssoci sting these with our best
fodgment upon the merits of the sev
eral machines which are in use but not
exhibition : -
1 r." rr"3Kend foraa Wheeler &
2iQew JVo. ft. Sewing machine.
Vtnmahut award, which it is in the
rower of the Institute to bestow.
. nmtw . . . aa u w ,
M0SE8 8 BEACH, 1 -H.
W. BTEEL. VAdgsS.
JOHN MATTHEWS, I .
REUBEN BCXXs J
The Board of Managers unsnimonslv
approved tbe report, and recommended
for this machine the Quid Medal of the
i Institute.. , -
in isoara oi uirecuon unanimously
approve uiib rtxnumcuuan'Jii, muu
awarded tne uota neaai to wneeier at
Wilson, the only gold medal awar d
for a sewing-machine by the American
'institute for many years.
A Sad-iron Catastrophe.
The other night, says the Burlington
Hawkeye, a man who lives out on Co
lumbia street wss kept down town by
business until a very late hour, and his
wife knowing how cold he would be
. when be got home put an iron on the
stove, and when she heard him open the
gate, ahe jumped up, and hurriedly
wrapping the iron in a piece of flannel,
put i in bed 'or him to warm his great
ufflv feet bv. The man was cold and
taciturn and cross. He crawled into
bed with a growl, and shuddered with
ld as ha stretohen nimseif out. 'men
gave a yell and jammed- his head
araant the head board and screamed
fire and waltzed out - on the floor and
ground the room in the dark, straddling
neking-chaira and breaking hisakias on
.u corners and knocking down
eta with his sboultiers. snd upset
ting one or two things and filling the
darkness with weird, fantastic profanity.
When hia wife lighted the lamp, they
discovered beautiful photograph of a
fad-iron on the bottom of that man's
foot, and it was found that the flannel
bad somehow got off the foot-warmer.
Tbe man says that hereafter, if he must
sleep with a hardware store, he wants it
put in cold.
The Color of Diamonds
Flight and Maskelyne have lately
made some eunous ooservationB upon
colored diamonds. It has for some
time been known that the tints of these
atones are either destroyed or modified
by beating, the change being aometimee
permaneroi. In the present esse two
yellowish diamonds from the Cape of
Good Hope were strongly heated in an
atmosphere cf hydrogen in a porcelain
tnbSL for about two honra. TTnon ennl.
S ing, tha col"T of tbe stones was found
" ' sj S,t tritnraa after t
fw tu'y rniBirtes to dif-
la one iosfaoce a diamond
teeu ?" rizd bv heat was
: wree t Umt days and
jss; but l"e ervHisure of
1J i -
johhs wttb
A rotnur wife stood with br hand on tha broom.
and looking nrand tba Uttl room;
14 Nothioa tmt toll forever,"
rrom early morn till the light baa Sod.
If voa r only a merchant now.
We need not Uv by toe eweat of omr brow.
Fexicliia away, spoke shoemaker Jotin
Wo IM'er see wail what we're atanduieT ou.
A lady etood by ber boeband obair,
and qoieclr paMed her hend tiW hie hair
rou never bare t-.rue for me now," ahe aaid,
and a tear drop fell on the low bent head
M If we were only rich, xuy a rex.
With notbtug to de from year to year,
Bnt to amtiee each other -oh, deer mo !
What a nappy woman I ehould be 1
Ijookina; np from hie ledger, epoke merohant John,
We ne'er aoe well what we'er etandiiig on."
4 etatoly form In velvet dreered
A diemend xWamlmc on tier breeet
w Nothing bnt to'l for faKblon.' ene raid.
Till 1 aometimee wish that I were dead ;
Or long to east this wealth aelde,
and be once more the poor maun bride !
Fro TO his eery ebalr spoke gentleman John.
M Wa ne'er aee wea what we're standing on."
OLD TIMES ON THE MISSISSIPPI.
When I was a boy there was but one
permanent ambition among my com
rades in our villsge on the west bank of
the Mississippi river. Tbst was, to be
a ateamboatman. We had transient am
bitions of other sorts, but they were
only transient. When a circus eame
snd went, it left us all burning to be
come clowns ; the first negro minstrel
show that eame to oar section left us all
suffering to try that kind of life ; now
and then we had a hope that if we lived
and were good, God wonld permit us to
be pirates. These ambitions f sded out,
each in ita turn ; but the ambition to be
a steam boatman always remained.
' Once a dav a ahean. candv Docket ar
rived upward from St. Louis, and an-T j
otner downward from jLeoKux. xsg
these events had transpiied the day vas
glorious with expectancy; alter they
had transpired tbe day was a dead and
empty thing- Not only the boys, bnt
the whole village, feK this. After all
these years I can proture that old time
to myself now jaat ss it was then ; the
white town drowsing in the sunshine of
a summer's morning : the streets empty.
or pretty nearly so ; one or two elerks
sitting in front of the Water street stores,
with their splint-bottomed chairs tilted
back against the wall, chins on breaste,
bats slouched over their faces, asleep
with shingle-shavings enough around to
show what broke them down ; a sow and
a litter of pigs loafing along the side
walk, doing a good business in water
melon rinds and seeds ; two or three
lonely little freight piles scattered about
the "levee;" a pile of "skids" on the
slope of the stone-paved wharf, and the
fragrant town drunkard asleep in the
shadow of them ; two or three wood
fists at the head cf the wharf, but no
body to listen to the peaceful lapping of
the wavelets against them ; the great
Mississippi, the msjestie, the magnifi
cent Mississippi, rolling its mile-wide
tide along, shining in the sun ; the dense
forest away on toe other aide; tbe
"point" above the town and the "point"
below, bounding the river-glimpse, and
turning it into a sort of sea, and withal
a very still snd brilliant and lonely one.
Presently a film of darx smoke appears
above one of those remote " points ;"
instantly a negro drayman, famous for
his quick eye snd prodigious voice, lifts
op the cry, " 8-t-e-a-m-boat a-oomin' 1"
and the scene changes. The town drunk
ard stirs, the clerks wake up, a furious
clatter of drays follows, every house
and store pours out a human contribu
tion, and all in a twinkling the dead
town is alive and moving. Drays, carts,
men, boys, all go hurrying from many
uarters to a common centre, tne wharf.
Lssembled there, the people fasten their
eyes ui on the coming boat as upon a
wonder they are seeing for the first
time. And the boat is rather a hand
some sight, too. She is long, and sharp.
snd trim, and pretty ; ahe has two tall,
fancy-topped chimneys, with a gilded
device of some kind swung between
them; a fanciful pilothouse, all glass
and " gingerbread," perched on top of
the " texas" deck behind them ; , the
paddle-boxes are gorgeous with a pic
ture or with gilded rays above the
boat's name ; the boiler deck, the hur
rieane deck and the texas deck are
fenced and ornamented with clean white
railings ; there is a flag gallantly flying
from the jack-staff ; the furnace doors
are open and the fires glaring bravely ;
the upper decks are black with passen-
! saitj aw.i l ws'.sk I Hi
volumes of the blackest smoke are roll
ing and tumbling out of tbe chimneys
a nuananaea granaeur ereacea wua a
bit of pitch pine just before arriving at
a town ; the crew are gxonpad on the
forecastle ; the broad stage is run far
out over the port bow, and an envied
deck-hand stands picturesquely on the
ei d of it with a coil of rope in his hand;
the pent steam is screaming through tbe
gauge-cocks ; the captain lifts his hand,
a bell rings, the wheels stop ; then they
turn back, churning the water to foam,
and the steamer is at rest. Then such
a scramble aa there is to get aboard, and
to get ashore, and to take in freight and
to discharge freight, all at one and the
same time ; ana no.i yelling and
cursing ss tne mates jacirri. .z
with ! Ten minutes later the steaj
is under way again, with no flag
jaek-atafi and no Diacc smoKC
from tne emmneys.
minutes the town is dea
rsin, and the
town drunkard asleep
fly the skids enoe
more. J
My father MVgtioe of the peace.
and 1 su P2Sf he possessed the power
of H5f iWt.h nvor all men. and
any body that offended him.
'his was distinction enough for me as a
general thing ; but the desire to be a
ateamboatman kept intruding, neverthe
less. I first wanted to be a cabin-boy, so
that 1 could come out with a white
apron on and shake a table-cloth over
the side, where all my old comrades
could see mc ; later I thought I would
rather be the deck-hand who stood on
tbe end of the stage-plank with the coil
of rope in his hand' because he wss
particularly conspicuous. But these
were only day-dreams they were too
heavenly to be contemplated aa real
possibilities. By and by one of our
boys went away. He was not heard of
for a long time. At last he turned np
as spprentioe engineer or " striker" on a
steamboat. This thing shook the bot
tom out of all my Sunday-school teach
ings. That boy had been notoriously
worlds, and I just the reverse ; yet he
was exalted to this eminence, and I
left in obscurity and misery. There
wss nothing generous about this fellow
in his graatness. He would always
manage to have a rusty bolt to scrub
while his beat tarried at our town, and
he would sit on the inside guard snd
scrub it when we could all see him and
euvy him and loathe him. And when
ever his boat waa laid up he would
soma homa and swell around the town -J
in hia blackest sadgressiest clothes, sM
that nobody could help remembering
that he was a steanboatman ; and he
used all sorts of stetmboat technical
ities in his talk, ss if e were so used
to them that he forgot nmmon people
could not understand them. He would
sneak of the larboard side of a horse in
an easy, natural way that would make
one, wish he wss dead. And he was al
ways talking about " St. Lory" like an
old citizen ; he would refer density to
eeoasions when he " wss oomiag down
Fourth street," or when he wss " pass
ing by the Planter's House, or when
there wss fire and he took a turn on
the brakes of "the old Big Missouri ;"
and then he would go on and lie about
how many towns the size of ours were
burned' down there that day. Two or
three of the boys hsd long been persons
of consideration stnong us because
they bad been to St. Louis onoe snd hsd
a vague general knowledge of its won
ders; but tbe dsy of their glory was
over now. They lapsed into humble
silence, and learned to disappear when
the ruthless " cub ' engineer spprosch
ed. This fellow had money too, and
hair-oil. Also an ignorant silver watch
and a showy brsss watch chain. He
wore a leather belt and used no suspen
ders. If ever a youth was cordially
admired and bated Dy his amnrarles,
trfs was one, NtrtTTtswoH withstand
is pbarrco. He '' ent out" every boy
in the village. When blf rost blew up
at last it dtf rated s traoqn' contentment
amottg us such as w had not known for
mnr.tha.
JPj
lot lt eTPoe aoroa the neat
$ 8d STipeafceS in
' "- . bvlaat
st-r? and wKre4
over by everybody, it seemed to us that
the partiality of Providence for an un
deserving reptile had reached a point
where it was open to criticism.
This creature's career oonld produce
but one result, and it speedily followed.
Boy after boy managed to get on the
river. The minister's son became an
engineer. The doctor's and the post
master's sons became " mud olerks ; the
wholesale liquor-dealer's sons became a
barkeeper on a boat ; four sons ef the
chief merchant and two sons of the
oounty judge became pilots. Pilot was
the grandest position of them all. The
pilot, even In those davs of trivial
wages, had a princely salary from a
hundred and fifty to two hundred and
fifty dollars a month, and no board to
pay. Two months of his wages would
pay a preacher's salary for a year. Now
some of us were left disoonsolste. We
could not get on the river at least our
parents would not let us.
So by and by I ran away. I said I
never wonld come home again till I
was a pilot and could come in glory.
Bat somehow I could not manage it.
I went meekly aboard a few of the
boats that lay packed together lik
sardines at the long St. Louis wWl,
and very hnmbly inquired for thei1""".
but got only a oold shouldered short
words from mates snd oler I bsd to
make the best of this sr of treatment
for the time being, b- I had eomfort
ing day-dreams t future when I
ehould be a fat and honored pilot,
with plenty of money, and could kill
some pt these mates and elerks and
conW pay for them.
Months afterward the hove within
me struggled to a reluctant death, and
I found myself without an ambition.
But I was ashamed to go home. I was in
Oinninnati, and I set to work to map out
a new career. I had been reading about
the reoent exploration of the river Am
azon by an expedition sent out by our
government. It wss said the expedi
tion, owing to difficulties, had not
thoroughly explored a part of the coun
try lying about the bead-waters, some
four thousand miles from the mouth of
the river. It was only abeut fifteen
hundred miles from Cincinnati to New
Orleans, where I could doubtless get a
ship. I had thirty dollars left; I would
go and complete the exploration of tbe
Amazon. This was all the thought I
gave to the subject. I never was great
in matters of detail. I packed my va
lise, and took passage on an ancient
tub, called the Paul Jones, for New
Orleans. For the sum cf sixteen dol
lars I had the scarred and tarnished
splendors of " her " main saloon princi
pally to myself, for sne wss not a crea
ture to attract the eye of wiser travelers.
When we presently got under way
and went poking down the bread Ohio,
I became u new being, and the subject
of my own admiration. I was a trav
eler 1 A word never had tasted so good
in my mouth before. 1 had an exult
ant sense of being bound for mysteri
ous lends and distant climes which I
never have felt in so uplifting a degree
einoe.
I was in such a glorified condition
that all ignoble feelings departed out
of me, and I was able to look down and
pity the untraveled with a compassion
that bad hardly a trace of contempt in
it. Still, when we stopped at villages
and wood-yards, I oonld not Help loll
ing carelessly upon the railings of the
boiler deck to enjoy the envy of tbe
country boys on the bank. If they did
not seem to discover me, I presently
snecsed to attract their attention, 'or
moved to a position where they could
not help seeing me. And aa soon as I
knew they saw me I gaped and stretched,
and gave ether signs of being mightily
bored with traveling.
I kept my hat off all the, time, and
stayed where the wind and the sun could
strike me because I wasted to get the
bronzed and weather-beaten look of an
old traveler. Before the second day
was half gone I experienced a joy which
filled me with the purest gratitude ; for
I saw that the skin hsd begun to blister
and peel off my face and neck. I
wished that the boys and girls at home
oonld see me now.
We reached Louisville in time at
least the neighborhood of it. We stuck
hard and fast on the rocks in the middle
of the river and lay there four days.
I wss now beginning to feel a strong
was an I liuif to Mill Willi
and younger brother to the officers.
Tnere is no estimating the pride I took
in this grandeur, or the affection that
began to swell and grow in me for those
people. I could not know how the lordly
ateamboatman scorns that sort of pre
sumption in a mere landsman. I par
ticularly longed to acquire the least
trifle of notice from the big. stormy
mate, and I was on the alert for an op
portunity to do him a service to that
end. It came at last. The riotous
powwow of setting a spar was going on
down on the forecastle, and I went down
there and stood around in the way or
mostly skipping out of
suddenly a n n l nirW for
"gTOfitiaiTTo bring him a capstan bar.
I sprang to his side snd said, "Tell me
where it is ; I'll fetch it I"
If a rag-picker had offered to do a
diplomatic service for the emperor of
K nasi a, tbe monarch could not nave
been more astounded than the mate
was. He even stopped swearing. He
stood and stared down at me. It took
him ten seconds to serape his disjointed
remains together again. Then he said
impressively : " well, if this don t
beat hell I" and turned to his work with
the air of a man who had been eon
fronted with problem toe abstruse for
solution.
I crept away and courted solitude for
the rest of the day. I did not go to
dinner ; I stayed away from supper un
til every body else had finished. I die
not feel so much like a member of the
boat's family now as before. However,
mv spirits returned in installments as
we pursued our way down the river. I
was sorry I hated the mate so, because
it was not in (young) human nature not
to admire him. He was huge and mns
eular; hia face was bearded and whis
kered all over ; he hsd a red woman and
a blue woman tattooed on his right arm
one on each side of a bine anchor
with a red rope to it ; and in the matter
of profanity he was perfect. When he
waa getting out cargo at a landing, I
was alsaya where I could see and hear.
He felt all the sublimity of his great
position, and made the world feel it,
too. When be gave even the simplest
order, he discharged it like a blast of
lightning, and sent a long, reverberat
ing peal of profanity thundering after
it. I could pot help contrasting the
way in which the average landsman
would give an order with tbe mate's
way of doing it. If the landsman
should wish the gang plank moved a foot
further forward, he would probably say:
James, or William, one of you push
that plank forward, please ;" but put
tne mate in his place, ana he would
roar out : " Here, now, start that gang
plank for'ard I Lively, now I What're
you about 1 Snatoh it, snatch itl
There, there I Aft again, aft again I
Don't you hear me ? Dash it to dash I
are vou going to sleep over it! "Vast
heaving. 'Vast heaving, I tell you !
Going to heave it clear astern? Where
're you going with that barrel ? For'ard
with it 'fore I make you swallow it. you
dash-dash-dssh-dashed split between a
tired mud-turtle and a crippled hearse
horse 1"
I wished I could talk like that.
When the soreness of my adventure
with tne mate bad somewhat worn off.
I began timidly to make np to the
humblest official oonneoted with the
boat the night watchman : He snub
bed my advances at first, but I pres
ently ventured to offer him a new chalk
pipe, and that softened him. So he al
lowed me to sit with him by the big
bell on the hurricane deck, and in time
be melted into conversation. He could
not well 1 ave helped it, I hung with
such homage on bis words and so plain
ly showed that I felt honored by his
. notice. He told me the names of dim
capes and shadowy islands as we glided
by them in the solemnity of the night.
under the winking stars, and by snd by
got to talking about himself. He seem
ed over sentimental for a nan whose
salary was six dollars a week or rat lew
he might have seemed so to an older
nersun. than L . Bui I dranlc-JiL. Ilia
j or J hl(rTA'. snj -wirh a "tli.
1 nigh. hm movr.;'. mtittu U j Sad
' &ppt(d judeC y, a it
to me that he was soiled and seedy and
fragrant with gin ? What was it to me
that his grammar was bad, bis construc
tion worse, and his profanity so void! of
art that it was an element of weakness
rather than strength in his conversa
tion 7 Me was a wronged man, a man
who had seen trouble, and that was
enough for me. As he mellowed into
his plaintive history his tears dripped
upon the lantern in his lap, and I cried
too from sympathy. He said he was
.i m i:- i i. UT : . 1
an Earl or an Alderman, he could not I
remember which, but believed he was
both ; his father, the nobleman, loV
him, but his mother hated him om
the cradle ; and so while he wr"''"
little boy he was sent to "o J them
old, ancient colleges"' conldn t re
member which ; and 7 , b.Y. i?18
father died, and h mother seized the
property and "sb" him, as he parshed
it. After ) mother shook him,
members o
the nobility with whom he
..uunted used their influence to
ret b the position of "loblolly-boy in
. -aw :" and from that point my watch-
aan threw off all trammels of date and
locality, and branched out into a narra
tive that bristled all along with incredi
ble adventures ; a narrative that was so
recking with bloodshed and so crammed
with hair-breadth escapes, and the most
engaging snd unconscious personal vil
lainies, that I sat speechless, enjoying,
shuddering, wondering, worshiping.
It was a sore blight to find out after
ward that he was a low, vulgar, ignor
ant, sentimental, half-witted humbug,
an untraveled native -of tbe wilds of
Illinois, who had absorbed wil-doat liter
ature and appropriated its marvels, un
til in time he had woven odds and ends
of the mess into this yarn, and then
gone on telling it to fledgelings like
me, until he had come to believe it
himself. Mark Iwain. in Atlantic
Tbe Bell Punch.
The bell punch, which hss been with
in the past few months adopted on many
of the lines of street railways in this
country and Europe, is a sorpf exter
nal conscience, intended neasVp con
duotors honest. Complaints and jokes
about "knocking down" as it was called
that is, the dishonest retention of
fares by the conductors have for many
years been curreut ; and, althoagh the
companies occasionally caught a con
ductor by means of "spotters," the
spotter system was but a clumsy and
inefficient contrivance.
The patent of the bell punoh belongs
to the American Railway Register com
pany of Buffalo, and the punches them
selves are manufactured at Colt's pistol
factory in Hartford, They are not sold
to the companies, but are loaned to
them at a fixed rata. There are two
punohea for each oar, the rental being
twenty-five cents per day for " each
punoh. The punoh whioh is used to
day is turned into the office to be reset
for to-morrow, snd in the meantime the
conductor employs the spare instru
ment. They are very handsome and
well-made articles, and every conductor
is compelled to deposit a hundred dol
lars with the company for the safe
keeping and fair usage of the punches.
They are said to be very effective as
protection against dishonest conductors.
The mode in which they operate is as
follows :
The conductors are furnished with a
bell punch and a large strip of card
called a " trip ticket." Aa soon ss they
receive a fare they are bound to punch
a hole in this ticket, and as they do so
an internal mechanism of the pnnch
strikes a small bell and thus gives pub
lio notice that the conductor has per
formed his duty and has made himself
responsible for a fare. If he does not
ring the bell he is liable to detection by
" spotters," who are constantly flitting
bout on all the lines, and who, of
oourse, can much more readily detect
an act of bishonesty by this system
than by the old one. In order to "beat
tbe punoh" and cheat tbe companies,
two different instruments have been in
vented. In tbe first case the conductor
holds in his left hand a small metalio
ease, inside of whioh is a small bell
struck by a racket and spring. When
the conductor has received the fare he
lifts the bell punch and pretends to nip
the holes in the card, but instead of do
ing so be touches the racket of tbe oou
seoTet of course imagihS'that the sound
they heard was emitted by the punoh.
In the second esse the concealed instru
ment is of the same construction, but
is worked differently. - It is hung round
the conductor's neck, and the racket is
affixed to a loose string fastened to a
leather belt round his waist. As soon
as he has received the fare he again
goes through the motion of punohing
the oard, bnt instead of doing so he
straightens himself up, tightens the
string which operate upon the rackt-t,
and the bell is rounded.
There are about 1,600 bell
;arjTTrman
0 in Boston. 200 in Chicago, 150 in
Buffalo, 100 in Providenoe, 160 in Al
bany, and 200 in Trov, in London there
are 1,600 in use, in Dublin 1,200, and
150 in Liverpool.
The Streets of StambouL
A writer describing the streets
of
Btamboul says : "Every nationality un
der heaven seems here to have given
each other rendezvous for business and
pleasure. Mussulman, Jew, and Chris
tianSyrian, Greek, and Turk Frank
and Arminian, with all the nondescript
Levantine brood of half-breeds and hy
brids of every color under the sun, from
the Ethiopian and the Moor to the Cir
cassian, here jostle each other, and seem
almost equally eager in pursuit of some
invisible object. No Jr"tie has the
predominance, for ten laug pages at least
assail the ear at ever-step. Clusters
of bright-colored Feruees are met at
every step. Ladies and" their attend
ants, old and young, dark and fair, meet
the eye at every turn, offering a solid
resistance to any attempt to make way
against the current ; while flashing eyes
and voluble tongues give further evi
dence of vitality and ubiquity. Women
chaffer with the shopman, toss his goods
about, appeal to his conscience, and de
precate his wares with as perfect and
practical understanding of a woman's
privileges as the most advanoed of their
European sisters. The fast possibly
lends a sharper edge to their speech,
and increases the vivacity of their desire
for bargains. In any case, I should
judge that both the grave Turk and the
plausible Ayminism have enough to do
to hold their own against suoh keen,
knowing customers. To those who have
never been in a Turkish bazar I fear it
would be impossible by words to convey
any dear impression of the scenes whioh
arrest the eye at every moment, and
every one different from the other. Al
bert Smith tried no mean powers of
description, and ended by presenting a
gorgeous picture of heaped np riches in
every form and shape, from cashmere
shawls and jewelled pipes to glittering
arms and embroidered slippers. Never
theless, the miles of these intricate cov
ered ways, lit only from above by small
sunk windows, with a line of shops on
each side, and stalls jutting out in the
midst of a pushing crowd of busy peo
ple, of porters with heavy loads, who
expect you to look out for the safety of
your own head and eyes, have altogether
a distracting effect. Nothing but a sin
cere and conscientious desire for per
sonal knowledge of the most practical
kind would ever take a visitor through
a aeries of successive explorations into
the deeper byways of this vast labyrinth
of shops snd alleys, which never appear
to end. Perhaps a passionate longing
for Oriental china, of which there are
some rare and beautiful specimens to be
picked up, or a Persian carpet of un
rivalled colors, the indulgence, in fine,
of any strongly developed collector's
mania, might carry tbe day and make its
victim find compensation for days of ex
hausted strength ; but I do not believe
in persistence nnder weaker impulses.
To tbe traveler, nevertheless, in teaich
of tbe most characteristic traits or dit
tinctive features of each place and peo
ple he visits, let him not tail to go to
the two great bazars of Stamboul, and
ha will carry away with him memories
of Turkith life and enhtoms nothing else
can supply and which time will not
WiyyBBaterate."
n.Knh. -it.,..; 1... few
otlir tlsy tola BaCiW '-war 1
ftwltsi wsiwcg, " 1
FARM AND GAR
CAKE OP STOCK.
Breeding Ewee. To j11 April,
shr.nlrl ha nut wrirh tluram thlS month.
From thi time t2f feed should be
gradually
Youug jp6c&- All young animals
need lib" and kindly treatment, and
care, i ce larmer s eye should
on the alert to discover tbe first
of disorder, and when found, it
sbruid be remedied at once.
Lambs, and yearling ewes that are
not to be bred from, may be put to
gether and kept separate from other
sheep. If any of (lie flocks have the
scours, a table-spoonful of n mixture of
prepared chalk and perppermint in wa
ter, should be given onoe a day. Cos
tiveness is quickly remedied by a little
linseed oil-cake meal.
Horses. Provide blankets for the
horses. A warm blanket will save feed
and loss of time by sickness. Avoid ex
posure to oold rains, and if caught in a
storm let the horses be rubbed dry be
fore the blankets are put over them.
Keep the stalls clean, and on no account
allow, manure to gather beneath the
horses' feet. This injures the hoofs,
and often produces cracked heels. Be
sides it renders the air foul, and is very
injurious to the animals' eyes. In the
effort to keep the stable warm, proper
ventilation Bbould not be neglected.
The curry-comb and brush should not
lie idle ; their use invigorates the skin
and -promotes healthful secretions.
Cows. Milking cows will now need
extra feed. On the whole, more value
in milk: will be returned from bran than
from any other feed not the light
husks, but what is know as bran at
country mills. A winter dairy well
managed, may be made more profitable
than a summer one. Dry cows should
be kept in good condition. They are
now storing up material for future
profit. The future value of the calf
too, depends upon how tbe dam is fed
before its birth. Bran is excellent feed
for in-calf oows, and it is cheap now.
It is well not to waste time in milking
cows that give only a quart a day, but
it will be better to dry them off.
Sheep. No stock suffer more from
damp olose quarters, than sheep. They
will winter better in the open field,
than in a low damp filthy yard. But
they should be spared either of these
inflictions. An open shed that -may be
closed in driving storms ought to be
provided with a roomy yard in which
they may lie in fair weather. Oats and
corn are both dear this season, and
bran, rye, or buckwheat, may be given
with equal profit. A little variation of
feed is good for sheen, bnt the chanireB
should not be made frequently, or they
will learn to tooK for it and become dis
satisfied. Frozen grass or any oold
watery feed is bad for ewes that are to
lamb early.
, ORCHARD AND KTJBSEBT.
Leave. Collect and store as large a
supply of these as possible, for covering
and bedding.
Bulbs potted and placed in the cellar,
may be brought out from time to time,
if they have good roots.
Seedlings. Give protection, but not
until the weather is quite cold ; if
applied too early, growth sometimes
occurs. ,
dons may be cut at any time when
the wood is not frozen; store in saw-dust,
and take care that they do not dry out
during the winter. j
Plowing. All plowing should ' be
done early this month ; ground for new
orchards will be in much better eon-
Lawns. If the grass shows signs of
fsiling apply a dressing of fine, well
rotted manure. Where the. grass hss
died out sow fresh seed and rake it in
moothly and evenly. -
Storing Hoots, Root crops'' and pota
toes should be stored in dry pits, in
preference to oellars beneath the house.
Ventilation should not be neglected ;
wisps of straw should be placed iu the
tops of the pits every six feet apart, for
this purpose. If any are still in the
ground, they should be harvested with
out delay. A good substantial and per
manent root honse m a convenient place,
will be found valuable.
have a permanent road thronoh the mm.
ire, wnicn tnouio De Kept in good re
pair. Roadmasters should seethat mud
holes and bad spots in the roads are
filled with stones. Mendinar marls vrith
earth at any season, is waste labor.
There should be a Blake's stone crusher
at every country mill where road mate
rial can be procured. One year's use
would pay for it. In nothing are we so
behind the times as in the condition of
our country roads.
Manure is the basis of rood emna in
n r ' i inlaw. awTi 1 Trfini rn rrnn lm
sur-pHsed at the quantity applied to an
ore uy our untet, gardeners, xivery
method should be used to increase the
supply. Gather leaves, wood's earth,
swamp muck, to be used as absorbents
for the liquid manure of-tbe stables or
the house slops ; sods andMbam should
be carted to the barn-yard for use in
the stables.
Grape Cuttings. The wood from the
pruning of the grape vines may be used
for propagation. Cut into pieces con
taining two buds, and tie into bundles,
snd bury in sand in the oellar. Varie
ties ha d to start, like the Delaware,
should be rooted in the green-honse or
hot-bed from one-eye cuttings, while
others, like Norton's Virginia, can only
be profitably multiplied by layers.
Boot Cuttings. Blackberries and
raspberries are most readily propagated
from root cuttings. The roots are cut
into pieces two or three inches long, and
packed closely in a box with earth ;
there should be holes in the bottom of
the box to allow of drainage, then bun
the box and contents in a dry spot, and
leave until spring.
Swine. Fat hogs should be finished
np as fast as possible. Those intended
for home use should be finished upon
dry shelled corn, with pure water only
for drink. This will prodnaejirm hard
pork. Store hops wiil dfbest upon
cooked food, and in flfie of corn,
boiled potatoes and bran ill make ex
cellent feed. Buckwheatis too heating
food for pigs, and eheukl be avoided.
Brood sows may haveVue company of
the boar if pigs are waited in March.
The increased value of the firs litter of
pigs will pay for a .pure bred. boar.
Nothing is more oertsis than that it pays
to breed only from pure blooded males,
ofwhatever kind or freed they "may be.
Blood will not stand, in place of feed.
Blooded pigs are ntost profitable and
thrive best where tere is a - f ull oorn
Crib. " - " )
OLIVE OBOWINO FO)t PBOFTP IN TBE SOUTH.
Desiring to detelop every possible re
source of our favored region, we have
constantly called attention to what
seemed promising, new or little known,
but valuable) plants, suited to our cli
mate and likely top.ove profitable here.
at the earner time carefully avoiding
those eiag perated statements and high- moving them was performed with oom
ly colored views whioh are apt to aovj parative ease, not more than eight or
company the introduction of new things
we nave aot made a --noooy oi any a
them ; not that we diaiiKe eooDies alt
srether. bnt because we think an edits".
whose position is at the front, and wio
should never be unhorsed, onght toe
stride a more substantial steed. Weave
encouraged experiment, out nave oun
eelcd prndenoe in reference to al un
tested atrricultural enterprises. J
The olive is not a new thing n the
coast region of tne sontn Atlanntnates,
bnt it is little known as sn objecrif cul
tivation, and the qnestion hi often
come np in our mind, " Why on it not
be profitably grown here, iere it
thrives so well?" With thisnery in
onr mind, we wrote to Mr. Rof rt Ohia
olm, who, it is well known has had
some experienoe in the culvntion of
this frnit, asking his views y the sub
ject. The following is his )ly r
Deab Sib Yonr favor ofiie 27th has
just come to hand, and I irove a few
leianre moments to reply tilt.
Neither the olive tree n its frnit is
liable to any disease or jsect enemy
tbat I have yet seen, but ie tree must
not be exposed to shee or cattle, aa
ijalii browB3 npon them, ine only dif-
. atMrt Hmkt' rimww 6 rir
,riSas " iu ratwii more
K'af(ioli. on wsayey-tsu on sandy
soils, and most of our Sea island soils
are of the latter class. The trees would
succeed admirably on the tide water
region, as its soil is muob more suitable.
The trouble that I have experienced
has been to get bags in which to press
the fruit, as the bags need to be very
strong to stand the pressure, which is
necessarily considerable. InFranoethey
use bags made of esparto grass, com
monly called " Cabas d rJspartene.
In my small grove, about eight acres.
the trees grow vigorously, and when I
could afford to cultivate either cow peas
or sweet potato slips among them, they
bore almost excessively every year and
without any apparent injury ; but now
that 1 cannot cultivate among them.
they have returned to their European
habit of bearing most only every alter
nate year.
In Europe the fruit, for pressure, is
crushed bv a heavy roller, revolving in
a circular grooved trough, but probably
one of Bogardus eocentrio steel mills
would answer quite as well, if not bet
ter. During the late war, Dr. J. J.
Chisolm. now of Baltimore, superin
tended the making of oil from the
ground-nut. for which he used a hy
draulic press, with cotton osnabnrgs
for bags, whioh won 11 most probably
answer equally well for the olive. Upon
request he would probably furnish you
with the requisite information. A cor
respondent asking for information, wrote
me that he heard of one person who
made $2,500 per acre from his olive
trees, (piien sabe T
OBJEEITHOUSB AND WINTER FIiANTS.
Insects. Look out that no plants are
put into the greenhouse whioh are cov
ered with insects ; tbe only way to keep
the house free, is never to let them get
in.
Camellias. Keep the plants in a cool
room, where they can develop their
buds properly. Syringe often to keep
the foliage healthy.
Propagate suoh plants as it is desira
ble to have for winter blooming, or for
setting out. or for sale in the spring.
Climbers are necessary in a greenhouse
to provide shade for tbe other plants.
Passifloras, roses, tropoeduma, etc., are
all valuable for this purpose.
Annuals. Sow seeds of a few free
flowering ones for winter flowers.
Sweet alyssum and mignonette are good
bonanet plants.
Lobelias. If the low growing sorts
were planted in the flower garden dur
ing the summer, a portion should be
taken up for planting in pots or pans
for winter liowerrng,
ferns are liable to become infested
with rod-spider and scale, and if they
are not watched closely they will soon
perish, at least the more tender sorts.
This month is a good time to divide
such plants as are oapaole oi division.
Fbrcina. Provide plants of dieen-
tra. candytuft, dentzia. and other plants
desired for winter flowering, and store
in the cellar.
Planting may often be done this
month where the weather is n ild, but
on no account set the trees in partially
frozen soil : it is much better to heel
in the trees in a dry sandy spot nntil
spring, when they can be set out prop
erly. ' -..-
r FBTJIT GARDEN,
Cuttings of currents snd gooseberries
may be planted. The thing neoessary
to insure success is that the earth be
packed firmly around the base of the
outtings.
Covering. Try to borer strawberries,
etc , just as freezing weather sets in ;
this is easily done if the covering ma
terial is at hand. Young grape vines
are best covered with a few inches of
earth.
Pears of choice varieties well pre
served, will now bring good prices in
the markets. If packed in shallow
boxes, containing one or two layers,
each pear wrapped in soft tissue paper,
tbe extra price will more than repay the
trouble.
drape Vines. Prune at once before
cold weather sets in ; many persons do
not prune until spring ; if left until
then, the vines are liable to bleed.
The various methods of pruning have,
been described, snd it makes but little
difference which is adopted. - ,-.
Fruit should be kept in rooms or
oellars where the temperature is as
35 or 40 degrees, the better
wST
the
fruit Keep.
Asparagus. Cover the bed ith a
good dressing of coarse manure, straw
or litter. Burn the seeds if tley are
not wanted for new plantings. ,
Stocks for root grafting should be
taken up, assorted, and tied in bundles
of convenient size, and stored in boxes
of damp saw-dust in the cellar,- where
they can be easily reached during the
winter.
Boots. Place in pits aa recommended
i " 1
nrnnBii tin with
earth until the weat
essary. The hardier roots, suoh as
parsnips, salsify, horse-red ish. eta
may be dug as long as the ground re
mains unfrozen.
- Coief Frames should be ready for
eaDDages ana otner plants wintered
over. Do not cover until freezing
weather comes, and then only put on
tne sasnes at nigra.
Celerv. Store in trenches a foot
wide, and as deep as neceessary to con
tain the plants, -f ut the roots close to
gether and cover with straw, giadually
increasing the thickness as the cold in
creases.
Sundry Matters. Upon stormy days
there will be found plenty of occupation
in repairing harness, cleaning and put
ting away tools, working in tbe carpen
ter's snop, repairing grain bags, etc.
Such work is recreation. As this is the
season for selling poultry, let there be
a good supply Kept for home use, and
those whioh are kept for breed ing shon Id
be well cared for, so that they may lay
early. The ponltry house should be
kept clean and well whitewashed, if it
has not been already done. Keep the
plow running m tbe corn stubbles until
the ground is frozen. The long winter
evenings should be devoted to study
and donestio entertainments, in which
tbe yonnger should be joined by the
older ones. There are few things whioh
will more readily make farm life agree
able to children than the pleasant even
ings which may be spent in a farm
house, with books, papers, toys and
games, in which the old folks renew
their youth again. It is the want of
this companionship which makes coun
try life so generally dull and uninviting
to young people.
,; , . Stones of Size.
Some of the blocks of granite need
in the construction of the treasury
buttling at Washington are the largest
ever moved in this country, and they
tew all carried from the eastern part
of Maine. They were transported to
Washington by water, and. after their
arrival there, moved by ox power npon
a sort of double-pulley system, a dis
tance of two miles, to the spot where
they were wanted for use. The work of
ten yoke of oxen being employed to
move a block weighing more than sev
enty tons. The fluted pillars, great
numbers of which are used in the
building, are forty feet long, and weigh
filty tons at least. The largest blocks,
thirty to forty feet square and thirty
feet thick weighed upward of seventy
tons. The facility with which these
large blocks were moved and fixed in
their plaoes were a source of wonder
ment, and seemed to admiring specta
tors to be the perfection of mechanical
skill and ingenuity. And yet how in
Bigniflcant the achievement when
compared with the triumphs of an
cient art. In the foundation of
the great temple of the sun
at Balbeo may Btill be seen, even in the
second course, stones which are thirty
seven feet long and nine feet thick ; and
nnder these, about twenty feet from the
ground, tnree stones which alone occupy
one hundred and eighty-two feet in
leugth by twelve feet high. These three
stones are estimated to weigh 900 tons
each ! Bnt wa read of an Bgyptian
idol-temple," Bnris, far surpassing this,
iu which fUrro vuui a, aaucTUBTV com.
pr.nod olarfingleblock of granite- sixty
W WWItl 'That IS th laro-ot
Ot IMttlODaV . . - i
Non-Sitting Fowls.
The Buffalo Live Stock Journal gives
the followinor instructions to breeders.
in producing fowls that have no desire.
to sit :
The non-sitters comprise all tha dif
ferent kinds, of Hamburgs. Spanish.
Leghorns and Polands, and also some
of tbe Frenoh fowls. To eradicate the
instinct, whioh is so inherent in wild
birds and so necessary to their existence,
ponltry! keepers have taken the least
oonstant sitters lor many geuemuuns,
to lav es-ars for hatching. This is a eu-
rions instanos of what can be done by
the breeder's art, and is quite valuable
as division of labor works as economi
cally iu tbe poultry yard as in human
society. Non-sitters, if well bred, will
not give one confirmed case of sitting
among fifty birds, though they some
times sit for a few hours a day, but soon
leave off. They often have periods of
laying off for several days or a week
These correspond to the sitting fever of
the incubating breeds. The instances
of fowls sitting steadily, although be
long to a breed of pure non-Bitten,
show reversion to the primitive type
when incubation was universal. i
A Dormant Wasp. I
Says the Burlington Hawkeye : 1
West Hill minister picked up a frosei
wasp on the sidewalk yeeterdav, an!
with a view to advancing the interest!
of science, be carried it in the houst
and held it by the tail while he warmed
its ears over a lamp-chimney. Hia ob
ject was to see if wa pa froze to deathji
or merely lay dormant during the winJ
ter. He is of the opinion that theyj
merelv lie dormant, and the dorm an teat
kind at that, and when they revive, aaj
says, the tail thaws out first, for while
this one's head, right over the lamp,
was so stiff and sold it could not wink,
its orobe worked with suoh inoonoeiv-
able rapidity that the minister couldn't
gasp fast enough to Keep up witn it.
He threw the vicious thing down , the
lamp-chimney, and said he didn't want
to have any more truck with a dormant
wasp, at whioh his wife burst into tears
and asked how he, a minister of the
gospel, could use such language, right
before the children, too.
Chunks of Wisdom.
Too muoh rest itself becomes a pain.
Pleasure of every kind quickly satis
fies. '
Necessity makes dastards valiant men.
By sowing frugality we reap liberty,
a golden harvest.
Oayety is the soul's health ; sadness
is its poison.
A great mind will never give an af
front nor bear it.
The less we parade our misfortunes
the more sympathy we command.
Most of our misfortunes are more
supportable than the comments of our
friends npon them.
It is not only old and early impres
sions that deceive us ; the charm of
novelty has the same power.
These is ho Death. If it be true
that nature abhors a vacuum, it is equal
ly true that the Great Creator abhors
death and glories in life. There is real
ly no suoh things ss death the tennis a
misnomer, used to designate the changes
which occur in life. Life, eternal life,
is created by the laws of Almighty will
power, whioh are as immutable in their
application as is the existence of the
Creator himself. When God made life,
He made everything neoessary to sus
tain it, but left it for man's progressive
intelligence to discover, convert and
utilize. Good medicine is to the ailing
physique what good fuel is to the expir
ing flame ; the better the fuel, the
quicker the firethe better the medi
cine, the quicker comes relief from
pain. California Vinegar Bitters is
life's elixir for old or young. Use this
medicine properly and you will live to
to a good old age without those physical
ailments which make seventy years a
burden.
The use of aniline red for coloring
hair-oils is condemned by the Labra
tory, and an instance is cited in proof of
the injurious effects resulting from the
employment of oils so colored. A man
in Boston, who had for some time fre
quented a barber's shop in whioh ani
in fir, began to experience a disagreeable
itching of tbe scalp, very similar to that
prod need by arsenic. On inquiry, the
trouble waa traced to tha hair.n.1
whioh contained arsenic present in the
aniline color ; and, by diaoon tinning its
nee. the eruption soon disappeared.
A Drop at Jajr tat .vwi-y Wold."
FliiraoTOw, Hunterdon Co., N. J 1
Jnna HR 1R7A
Dr. E. V. PiKBCx. Buffalo. N. Y.:
Dear Sit It ia With a hannv haart that T
pen theee linen to acknowledge that yon and
yonr Oolden Medical Discovery, wd Pttreatlve
nil.' Mja.sB i ii....n i ii ii in in e world, xneae
tneaicmes cannot be too highly praised, for
tuey nave ainuxn Drougnt me one oi tne grave.
Three months ago I waa broken oat with large
ulcere and eoree on my body, limbs and face.
I procured yonr Oolden Medical Discovery and
rargiure f euets, ana nave taKen six Dottles,
and to-day I am in (rood health, all those nulv
ulcers having healed and left my skin in a nat
ural, neauny oonainoo. 1 tnougnt at one
time I could not be enrea. Although I can
but poorly express mv gratitnde to vou, yet
there is a drop of joy in every word I write.
God's bleu ing rest on you and your wonderful
uieuicuiDs is sue numme prayer or
Yours trolv. Jakzs O. Bkuji-
When a medicine win promptly cure anch
terrible eatiug ulcers and free the blood of tha
virulent poison causing them, who can longer
doubt its wonderful virtues? Dr. Pierce,
however, does not wish to place his Oolden
Medical Discovery iu the eatalouge of quack
patent nostrums by recommending it to cure
every disease, nor does he so recommend it ;
but what he does claim ia this, that there is
but one form or blood disease that it will not
cure, and that disease is cancer. He does not
recommend his Discovery for tbat disease, yet
he knows it to be the most searching blood
uHfiwr yei. uisuuverea, ana inu is will Tree
tne blood and system of all other known poi
sons, be tbey animal, veeetable or mineral.
Tbe Oolden Discovery ia warranted by him to
cure tbe worst forms of akin diseases, as all
forms of blotches, pimples and eruptions, also
all glandular swellings, and the worst form of
Scrofulous and ulcerated sores of neck, legs
or other parts, and all scrofulous diseases of
tne bones, as white swellings, fever sores, hip
joint ana spinal diseases, ail of which belong;
to scrofulous diseases,
Probably no one disease is the cause
of so much bodily misery and tmhappineas
(and the disease is almost universal among
the American people) as dyspepsia. Its causes
are many ana various, lying chiefly In the
habits of our penplo. The remedy is simple
ican Dyspepsia Pills. They never fail to cure.
MuiDuwbiui. umur, rf mnart a uraar Amer
Tars notioe is addressed to ladiea
only, ir you want to make your husband,
lamer, or Droiner a nanasome Uhristmae area
ent, give him a carton of Elmwood Collars.
You can get them at any a-ents' fnrnishinir
store. Be sure to get the Elmwond, because
w ioos. Hw iits oetier wan any other.
x eabftjtj .ne amount of money
thrown away in not buying shoes protected by
BiiiVfJit lira. Parents be wise and insist
tbat yonr shoe dealer should keep them.
Go to Riverside Water Cure, Hamilton, HI
V Tntt'a Hair Dve has been anslvsed
by the beat chemists In Enrope and America, and
its nsrmiessness ceruoed to.
S15 S 820 BSU ?f7 nme. Terms free. Address
iu (- 96V Qsm. htihsok At Oo Portland. Main.
Mfl XTPV ""i' "PtoVv with StencU and KeyChrck
1UU1UI I outfit.. Catalifrae,eample and full nrtlo-
u.arnrr... h Al.BpicMcan,. 117 fianover-st .fiost'n.
OKNTS "ANTED Men and women KM a
week or HS for foiled. Th. . STL.'
at one to COWKN CO., 8th street. New York!
Grmttant ln,JmmMi-ii i,nn.
pus, week warran e No ospltal required. Par
tlcnlsra and valuable sample sent free, address,
wl.h 6c. return stamp, O Koss, WIUUmsburgh,N. V.
tl.nfla wn ssrwsr-
CA If BE MaDK by any smart i.-sn who can
keep his business to hi" self Address
11 . tin a. lloboken. New Jersey.
LA DY Arents wsnu-d Bverywhore to sell the bnt
itilcle ever made 'o protect Isdles' dresses from
i su.i snow. lo tylnitof strings orsewlnrre
ed, Kvery Isdy needs It. Oool proats Write at
PPIf rP?YorF,'r8onreabytheuseof tn Boss'
brlbpnU Epileptic Remedies. IMalctaSL
nkanwaw For clr. nlsrs .rfe?J.T"
' y eic-. address Uosa Bbothsbs. BlchmonVl i.Vh
A MONTH AQKNl a wanted every.
?"",re-.,".M"nes honorable and llrst.
c sss. Partlcu ars sent fre. A ji.
worth a oo..
ot. Aoms, MO.
-UHBER TYPB-BIO riT TO AOKNTH
Al Name. Intlal and Business Siimps Com
Blete Maiiu'ecturlnsonllllstoorder. (lend J-cent
w's:BoTsBh'esrs;.,N tDBBK11 "p"
Ir roe wish to set a PRACTICAL BUS1
aK9a) aiimiiTioB, alland and sradusual
tbat aMest, tarsr-t nA sieat Uswnurtily asanaaew
1 , . li ... . Awl
wsliaiaiai-:ivwM-""r "
DON'T BUY
0t xtjew
TRADX
AND I RESERVOIR
BSC
UAH
l.w.k.v.1r000BEAS0. wa, tha, will
QUICK so EASV,
-urUiAjf ana uljoam.
UTkej 0 Cfceapetl to fcnj.
They but t0 BU
CO They H1" muly ind qaiekly.
v.. .f.nsvatiAB Is asvfset-
aa. I ncu 'r " r""""-'
jThrtiiwaTi have a fod draft.
Thf if mads of the bett material
Thnaatt perfect!.
OThrjf wniit kot little flieL '
Thriire very low priced.
U flirt are eatily muaieu.
QTngniD auiira he ail nwusoi
ErtfStoTe guaranteed to girt latiirafi
Sold by Excelsior Mannf g 0o-
CXa W, lWW 91
BTOS awA. a 00 Hew Orleans. La.:
i OCTHAKT k 00 Memphis, Teas. ;
wsrtTr.a UOTTOKW a OTA, sahvflla. Tana,
IMUIICAL GIFTS!
F0 THE HOLIDAYS.
Ftna wilt Additions (Piles S4.00) at
ism aWSamt Vslleetlaua of BoauMl
lmale, Milled
BEMS OfSTB ATJSS. Instrumental.
BBatS ofSOOTTISH BONO. Vocal.
PEMS of SAOBB D 80NO. . -
EMS Of 6 EBK AM SONS. -
VBEATIOFOEMS. "
&IANO"'TKOKM8. - " ' :' .
(iPKRiBC PEiBU. -
IHOWElOr PEABL8. "Boats..
ffnSICAl 1 BE ASORE. Vocsl A InRtrumental.
1ANO AT HOICK, roar band Fleoea. -MAK1T
HOHS. Re? Organ Music.
ANIM ALBUM- Instrumental.
ANOffQBTK GEMS. -
price a Volume. In Boards fz.so; Cloth ai 00;
ill outltuo.
lao bsasaomelr bound Uvea or the wrest
lo Setters: Mendelssohn. Mozart, Chopin,
ooedaj tl.n to cue per book.
aid aisrywherr.
Sent promptly by matr.post
Ordertoon. -
, for HbU price.
IverDUtonkCo.,
Chat. A. Oiteen Is Co.,
T 1 1 Broadway, M.Y.
BUBTOS.
CIOE&LAND UNIVEKSITY.
ubesi College andTolegrapliIastitnta,
f ' liKB A N OH. TBNNb B8EK,
KXTILLl mm fc STRATTON
f BUSINESS COLLEGE,
' Ho. SS us S Cbaweat lrt.
TBBORAPH INSTITUTE,
i " - ST., s Hartls Cherry StjrMt,
I THE LEAD1NQ COLLEGES.
IraBrtlcolan call at either College- or address
thernucipal. THOMAS XUSaTV, Lebanon,
Tea. sr Nashville. Tenn
TTSffl BlCrMK V 1 IT HIRKI Jnat out.
If XI Useful, Hsndftonie, Cbeap. Sells every
SV I where. Beid tor p oe pectus to S. C
ECU
vSl.
Mil
or 17S West 4th street. Cincinnati, Ohio.
miillLB S liU. K.w V.rk.
MUFAGTDBKRS and Sealers In Needles
s- au Mewing Mscnines. i fVT?1"
dTBlnta.
TV Mess. Aarenta anpplieS.
.The Miller and Millwright.
A nonthlv lonrnal of 18 Dace. Everv miller
mat millwright fthonld take It. Address r-IwP-SON
Ml QALTLT, Cincinnati, O. -100 p rannnm. Kend
SbriuQ pie copy.
riflinn Agents Wanted for
KUUU THE LADIES' MED 0t GUIDE.
By the eminent Ir. Pancoast. ILLUSTKATaD.
Ir it htah- toned and complete upon deHeaXm snb cts.
eid beoce Is Immensely popular. For particulars
na terms uarMuunnAnu niuje., funusnere,
ilher Philadelphia. Boston, or Cincinnati.
fARRUGEGUIDE
An intortwrtlng Q.
liutrMsBd work of
2B0 imiif rniif Inliii
lluavble Information for tbofle who are n-vanrled
Mrs. .-vitii mauriace. rncc miy i.. dj
1. Addrerw BTJ1W DiSPKNt. 7
th Kltrhtk. Her.. t t ,
HOG RIHfCrEK.
. xs,eee,eo nn, . .
S.&O0 law Sol
Bardwara Dealara Sal I Thcss
klnrrl,lcinrprl00A0cta
Toair81,?5, by moil, postpaid.
Circulars naa. Address
II. W. Blu. ACO. Oacataa, III,
ASTHMA ! CATARRH,
HvloC Htrujr'lid twtitj ye!- botwa lit aej
uiBsiuiAOiDBA,i axpnirBcti bj coid
)m undine root and Ivartpa maa InlkaUinc tiia mk
irlD. I fortunatwl dlvooverod Wonderful
rrmdy And Bore rurw for Asthrria, And Calrrtt,
Warranted to reltovo awnwraat fwoxwnn IV.
Bleep COmfortAblT. Dr-aa-ariata atmnlLaA- waHti.
; Mm pie nACatajrca far mi HiarrihntiAa. aj. t
lUiClMNATI WEEKLY RTAP f
TUUn Portaga, -vnd tb Finely Illtutrtvted
U- "I an " Atmtvnao, 91 per Year. --MONOPOLY
THI ORANOBSS VAPKR
Otaloius elm large page of reading matter,
'iiarmw, mercnaot and mechanic io ai.y part
oe country will find thin tbe betof n wtek
111 to my notbluR of the low nrim. amih
inaacements superior to anything here o-
r? 1 llr'L- oprx-iru1 n copiex tree.
KaTAR.' Cincinnati, Ohio.
WHAT YOU WANT ! The
NGISJNATI WKKKI.V'riltsica . r
ST S .1 . no?e "f oMce. It exhibits all the
--.wbu., ...nil. l.miuriBI BDfrfl.i. DAnnl.tlnn
Is beautifully colorer and mnnniMlnn
4 ft 8 In. bv s ft. In. vr t.A n.i ... '
Map (bvexnress), their large.?!) column week.y
paper -one vear. and the a Times Illustrated
d-Book"of valuahlelnformation. for ikts i.h
t-paid.
HO much tnr an 11.-
Address l I .HUM CO.. Cincinnati, o.
AjaTOJJAWKJJfor s C E N T E N N 1 A U
, - - ""- ui unr nnt iuu wean.
r every American. Sells every wCer a
cnak-a. Shippers. Salesmen, men nr I ... i ,
menrne can only read, old and vain,. n
t 'upysrydsy reference snd use. "
lwno,"! "nrary." .Barton Olobe.
"rt Jti'iI-.b! npcesslty.-- Inter-Orran.
nlP11 recent,complete.trustworthv ' N.ui.
srslr Va 2?tf TC?!.l;SSd-.BePd '' cio-
r - iv sv x , vinonnau. u.
Op MAGAZINE, 1875.
Sri5.l7!ir t.!;Sd oth."ra. besides many new feai
are amy set torth In our aria.
ubi ia tiers, Boston.
S IE ED S.
Jj ILLtTSTltATED 8KKD CATALOGUE for
UV now ready, and will be mailed, FKEK OF
t'jAHGB, to all appitcants. Ena-Usb and German
ft Ion. Addrea
J JOHN KERN.
T . 811 Market etTcet, sc. LrOule.
lato where yon aaw this advertisement.
IIE PIANO-BARP
Cabinet Organ.
Patented "December, 1874.
new and beautiful mnMeal Instrument or lm-
ntvement uiMtn the Oahtnet Onran-be;nir a coin
blatton of the pianoforte and organ. To a com
p'tte plre-Oetave Double Reed Organ Is added a
V. no-Harp, tha tonns ot which are between those
ottue pianoforte and harp. It ban a itanoforte
don ; is played by the same keys with tb- orican.
aa may be nfea separately or wn n one r an tne
r tbe orftau. it is not name to pt out or
nd does not require tuning Having thor-
e-tiea idih oeauiiiui improvemen., we oirer
great fonttdence to the public. If Ice of
HlRPCA HI N ETORGAN .belne aFivi-
ICAVI DOUHLI RttKD ORGAN, SIX HTOPS; Willi
VOI HUMaNA, AUTOMATIC riWILL. KNBaf HWILL
mat Piivo Hahp, three and a half octaves: in
Klmul UUftcbt Besonaut Case. $200. drculara
rra.
MA80N& HAMLIN ORGAN CO..
SS Valsn
Sqw.re.
., llost.
aw Tsrkt IBS Trs-
U efc S4 AdaauS M.,
annl a,a,
4ililraa;o,
for; rfH DAT '"""BTJr!7,
w iii'.il .pn. w cSVi it aw will
fjk. H Atasly UW.W. WalIWt V. lUallWIftrtf
1 II
i
13
Dr. J. Walker's California Vin
egar Kitten, are a purely Vegetable
prepari!. ion, made chiefly from the na
tive berUw found on llio lower ranges of
the Sierra Nevada mountains of Califor-
nia, the medicinal properties of which
are extracted therefrom without the use
or Alcohol. The question la almost
daily asked, "What is the cause of tha
unparalleled success of Vinegar Bit
TEESf" Our answer is, that they remove;
the cause of disease, find the patient re
covers his health, 'i'hey are the great
blood purifier and a life-giving principle,,
a perfect Renovator and Iuvigorator
of the system. Never before in the
hintory of the world lina a medicine been
conioaiided ponaeiwinfr the remarkable
qualitipii of Vimkuar Hittkrh in hf-alinp the
ick of every diseaxe man is beir to. They .
are a (rentle Purgative a well as a Toni, .
relieving Conftextion or Inflammation ot
the Liver and Vincentl Organs, in Bilious
Dixeasex. . ., . j.
The properties of Dr. Walker's
Vihboab Bittbks are Aperient, Diaphoretic, n
Carminative, Nutritious, Laxative, biuretio -Sedative,
Counter-irritant, Sudorific, Altera!
tive. and Anri-Bilior.n. !"
K. II. MeDOMAXIf ek jO..
Srngwists and Gen. Arta, Sea Franaiseo. Callforala, :
aad oor. of Wsshinrton and Charlton Htm.. N. Y.
SoU by sU Enraaclsta us Dealers.
WISHARTS
FINE THEE TAR CORDIAL;
Ir Is now fifteen years trice th atteotlon of tta
public was HrBtcaltod by Dr. L.Q C, Wlsbart
to this wonderful remedy, and so weil has It Nt-ood.
the tHBt of time, that lo day it not only baa th :
con Ada dBot tLe entire community, but la mora
frequently prescribed by pbymcans In tbelr prae- ;
tlce than anv other D.uDrteiarv nrpoaratfon In tha
country It Is the fital prhtcple oi the Pine Trea
uuihiuvu uy t ywzmimr piuufns m iiin u iniiiiatLiuu t.
o: the Tar by which Ita hiichmt medicinal proper-
iipa biw reiHiura. xor i tie iu: iirw ii. ( ctinpiai"ta, v
Inflammation of the lungs, coughs, sore throat
and brfaiit. bronchitis. ronAompiion. itver com
plaint, weak Kiomach dis.aeof tbe kidneys, uri
nary complaints, tervou debility, d Bpepela. and -disea-reti
arising from an Impure cunditf-M of tha
blood, there in no remedy iu the world that baa
bea lined .o succeps ully or can nhbw such a Dam-
ber of marvelous cures. 'Abe follow.! will serr -to
Show the oaiimilli.n In vhl.-h thin ttovaralaa
renuKly Is held by Uioe who hare used li.
Coninaipiioa tow Tmm VtsnCtusis
Da. la. GLC Wikrart! DearPIr I am arateftil
to you fro o tbe fact tbat oa nave nad a meitl-
cine that will cae ibe disease of the lungs. My
wife bvs bad the consumption for ten years. Phys
icians bad told u e tbat tuey con Id only patch ber
np lor ibe time being;. She was confined to ber
bed, and bad been for some time. I berd of your
Pine 'l roe Tar t'ordiai and secured one bottle; if
relieved ber cough- Hue bas now finished the ;
fourth hotile and it able to do the work lor her
family, a d may Ood speed you on with your
rreat dlcoverr and cure vou have made for oon-t
sumption. Kkv. K. M. H' FKms. i
lacason ivnire, oneiuj iaj., uuiv.
From St loulsf Mo i
Tta. Wmitart. Phlladelnhla; Tar Mr During ;
at via it tn t-hllairwtlnlilav auiniav thru vaari aara. I
was .nfTer.nff from a seveie cold, and was Induced .
totasea no- te or your fine i ree iar juraiai, v
which had the efT ctof cnrw.jc me in a few daya.
I have used It la my family ever since, and am of ,
the opinion that It wave tbe Hie of my daughter.
wno was uni-rinvirom a evereanajainiutwuua .
II thepubll ation of .his will be of any aarvlca, :
you are at liberty Uu It
Jokv HoDMtrrr,
bk Louis, MO.
For sale ey all arnggtsts ejus a tore '
ltp.rs stud at
Sr. L. Q. C. WISHART'S Office,
No. 232 H. Second-it, Philadelphia, Pa.
fsMCACO EDGER
THE CHEAPEST AND BEST
PAPER IN THE COUNTRY, i
ANNUM
Umexoelled by any Weekly literary i
rnblimtluu, Eaufror WeaU
CAHTaSSEBS WASTED Eff ETOtT
T0W9 13 THE UNITED STATES. I
The asovt IAaeral Trastinnes snS Gtsa Bates avsa
oOered by any newspaper. Write tor a Circular
containing- full Information, eta. BpeaUBan copies
farnlihcd on application. Address .
TBI LIOOEB COMPANY. CHI0A8O. Kb
DR. WHITTIEIl
Xo. 617 St, Charlei Street, St. Louu, Mr
obUbdm to tret an dun obciAaVm to awTtaaa I
tUnUriUeW. SVMPW b -auk -Ta. I
diortl-. or lmpruarivc; with npLrmJteed sraone .
Dr. W. wMkbllabmrat lm ehartrwd by tbe Hia tat M Hitw
oarl, u Ibuodrxt and haa bMB eatabllaiMtf tm mmonf
un, tatrtatn And rrllalla relief. Bcla s gndnftts mt
rwJ medical orlt-irea, nt It Tina; ib eKpwitnew f a
loot nt BMOrasrul life in bis eclAiftcw h saa pwSHtlg
re madias tbmt aks efft-mnl In all tbM cmm. Hia -niitiiia
srs belta. uwAt4d by mail or iprwsa rvery wbes . Usa
matter rDa fH)wl, oaII or writ. Pm tbs giooi ana.
ler mt sprtirootloiv. ho la eabld to kMp hi a obarm
law. 30 pORes, dviiif full r-Bpto-., for two auumu
MARRIAGE GUIDE,
MD pAces; popular book which shooM bo ra4 wf TTmty.
bmlr. ho marrlr'd peUr, or porwona oonierABlAtiiaaj BaaTal.
TlBf, oao AfTord to do without It. Jt contaJna ibn omsuu mt
-aioal literaiurw on this ubjeet, tho roaoltoof Dr. W."
pfrifni-; also lbs bust though ta fmaa Uto froiriis
'a Kurt). au4 Aiaverlcaa. gat a!r!. pn'-pald tnr MloUL,
rATiril ITIttitTt
OLrUUM M K'U CO., IU BroMwsr, H. To
0 newTookTELL it all
I "T DmanoiiM of ball laakscltT. fortaV
I rears the wire of a Mottimti Hltrh lMat ft kvs
r I I'are ths huldenlte. " of tlx Mormon a aa a "wU
I 1 I f,-'7 ." arvatf. " Bright, Pura and Good, tft
VI 1 rmt, and outaelU aU othtia
" MiaLatrra aay ftd aprvW af
SBaBSBBBrsi V vwrTSodw want, it la,', --a .vn
aaenu NO W-md wil mail Outfit Frec to all vlio will
WT" r.l',ir""l,'Jmr.blr.aW,,h full Particulars, tmtnt,
aVldrcas Queua City FubikhinK Co C1NC1KN ATI, OJ110.
Tbe American Iwe iinin a..w.sA.wai
over 1,mki papers, separated into seven subdtrle
-T:' Fa aVntus," VAasi"t0, dT"'tl,ln
bvhua aws vaaas a-wAAa , aaw -tuurue OU. 1 niragT
EM wniinw to a1wertiaera iiieaAaaa mantiaa
tbe name of tbia paper. Mo 5)t. B. N. U.
DVsTmrttfvtltST M eta. tBHtv. P v-
BXL ( ti I'mrk Hnw, SI. V., fnr vt,X JMba
ot 1 tf jymtt4. oatal.c iia' of tuw arr
M p fftH iW ttttyrlM 9P-wX s4TwtwMi
TaT-TaTllsTaTaTl.ttTanTM-1 I T II I 1 ! stf 0. bT
IWESEllTrsT--
C, uttwUbaanJowA. fi
t Duaras m mu Tau, Sj , (
E ia a aaDsnrlpMoa te she jj
I h Young Folks' flews, SL
I k lltOi year, with a if :':
I K PBBMruat cHaoMa J F
li rOUS CHIZDKMWi 1 '
I WAMX III i I X
1 Jv d MSI Mr a V i-
a--r Bpmsimm Copy to S I
as i 3 fVeal Af rsrssaaa, V t ;
JjggJVAftaJtar, wilaaa. S I i
iff " ' ' J I
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