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One i. t linos, one insertion. . . 1 M Each ariifW"t insertion S Cartls oi one eqaare one year 15 00 Cards of two squares cne year. 35 IK) One-fifth of a column one Tear 35 (XI Ons-'oorth of a oulumn one year 45 GO - One-third of a oolojon one year. ....... 65 IK One half column one year 80 00 Oue oolumn one year - Ip0 00 Notices in local columns inserted for 20 cants per line for each InaerUon. No proof of pnbUcation of legal advertisa ments will be made until our fee is settled. Announcing candidates for state and district office, and for county office, tlO. Tn'ai-ri&ges and deaths pnbiifihea' free. Obitu aries charged as advertisements. CANTON MAIL THE CANTON MAIL PaUiiked Ett Saturday Mu" BT EMMTETT Hi. ROSS. Office, Ko. Cantrs-st, Mt Postcffies. Emmett L. Boss & Co., Proprietors. m$Z&R tJrzZE& rDtMt; Terms: $3 00 a Year. VOLUME X. CANTON, MISSISSIPPI, JANUARY 9, 1S75. NUMBER 27. .. . - 7-1 s ' ' . -. r " i t TER318 OF SUBSCRIPTION. a-ar mm ymr, la aaWaaee , ...S-'.0 Ker wiri It ma te ad-nuae-.... . Far six aaeatasi la Utimi A IGUB roa A STUDY, ar jaaa rjiaunr. Watts lay fJaa asf m roof, over wold White hra lbs boob la the frosty ky And aaddled iHmp, that crouched la Uw fold. Warm u watte raiment dropped from oa high ; Bat a UW window, nude and old. Cleaned cheerCy red on tbe naaam nigh. A painter paaaed oa hi. amy, that night ; " What a aeaaa for a study r the painter amid ; Fairly gleams that rnby light, - Idews fringe It from overhead - Oh, aaooa, taoa art ghoatlyt Oh t world thoa art white! Ia took n the window an warm and red." - be looked bat wnaterer hia eyes might era Hie penag told roe, hia Upa acre damn, I Blight imaa, hat who weald netea to at I And the daya of the painter bare told thaw earn. Woald yoa know, yoa aiaet wait HU yoar eonl la free, and yoa two awat la the world to Bare Im the etady the painter wroegiit ; A Utile way oa Chat window glows. And the printa of the eblldrea' feet are trough t. Up to the doorway, athwart the saowe. And the BMoa Drama fell like aa aftertbongb And eUssra their pathway who bow repoea. OoMelaiejetneWBrldandtneekTraand aboat. And wesse hriaM that ruddy tight between ; Of the raliiiata thoaaat I need not doubt. For lone like hw etady hia Bfe baa hern ; " Ah- lena lit hte WiA wee ftn wsllr ettliMl e oaa light apart b a wintry soene. I hope, where Uw white flakes fneae bo I hope, where winter hj over i FortaaeoUaf the night that 1 Aad almost forgets how they closed the door. And doomed hint to work ia the world alone. LOTTIE'S BALL DRESS. "Do yoa think it ia best for us to go, Lottie T ' Mr. and Ufa. CJarenoe Mellen bad been married' aeareely more than a year not long enough for the first gloss to be worn off her wedding ring rot long enough to forget the en chanted gold shins of the honeymoon ; and now, upon this clear December morning, the young wife eat at the breakfast table, in a moat becoming neglige of rose-ribbons and dove-col-ored cashmere, with an open note in her hand, and her bine eyes sparkling with delighted animation. A pretty picture to look upon, for Mrs. Mellen was very pretty a tall, velvet checked blonde, with her hair shining like braided sun beams, beneath the coquettish little breakfast-cap she wore. 'Best, Clarence ? Why, of course, it ia best! Lota Sparks woald give her ears to get cards to Mrs. Benedict's ball," I dare say," said Mr. Mellen, dryly. " Bat did yoa ever read Ia Fontaine's Fables r " What do yoa mean, Clare V "Only that it contains a story con cerning an iron pot and a crockery pot, that swam, down stream together. Of eonrse, the china pot gots meshed." "I don't aee what yoar ridiculous old fables hare to do with me." "A great deal, my lore I Mr. Bene dict is a rich banker. I am only confi dential clerk, in hia brother's employ. Mr. Benedict has a thousand dollars, probably, where I hare one. Oar spheres lie apart. Is it best, then, for as to compete with them in any one respect ?" " Because we attend a ball at their house, we needn't necessarily compete with them," pouted the yeung wife, be ginning to poll at the fringe of her breakfast napkin. Of eonrse, if they invite as, it ia only natural to suppose that they want oa to come," " I presume, my dear, we are invited ont of compliment to Mr. Benedict's brother, who is kind enough to think favorably of your humble servant." " And it would be very rode not to g-x" "I dont think regrets would be taken in bad part, Charlotte. Besides, what have yoa to wear that would com pare with the toilets of Mrs. Bentley Benedict's fashionable friends f " " That's just what I was going to speak about," said Mrs. Mellen. " I really did need a new silk dress. That pea-green affair is actually beginning to look ahabby,'and the black silk I had when we were married is positively old fashioaed by this time." " It is only thirteen months, Lottie." "Bat fashions alter so, Clarence, yoa know. Now there's a lilac moire an tique at Grant's the lovliest shade yon ever saw, and a positive bargain, on ac count of there being only twenty-two yards in the pattern. I can get it for eighty -five dollars, and sister Helen will end me her point-lace flounces to trim it with, and " " E-hty-five dollars, Lottie I And for a aooire antique dress? Do yoa know, my dear, that that is almost one- wu.u is& ui jnwi aauary r " One must look decent, once in a while." He shook his head gravely. "No, Lottie. I am sorry to seem hard or unkind, but this is so wild an idea that I can only conclude that yoa have not thought sufficiently about it yourself. Mrs. Benedict is very kind 0 invite ns to this ball, but yoa must write a declination." Charlotte burst into tears, and for the first time since their wedding-day, Mr. Mellen stalked out of the room without a good bye kiss. That afternoon came np a hurried nota from the office, as follows : DAKbuto Lotos : Please semi, by the besrer, my value, with a few changes of linen and other necessaries, for an absence of eight or ten days on business for the firm. Inclosed you will find a fifty dollar bill for the paint er a debt which ought to have been attended to before. Take a receipt. Bs careful of yourself while I am gone. 1 wish I could have run np to eay adieu, bnt time presses, if ,on 9 lonely, get one of your sisters to come and stay with yoa, . Affectionately, C&AJtZSCB. Lottie had been crying all the morning, bnt sow her eyes glittered. A i ew brightness came into her face aa she hurried hither and thither, patting up her husband's things. And after the messenger had gone, she looked down at the fifty dollar bill in her hand. "Eight or ten days," she repeated to herself. " 111 go to the ball, after all, with Helen and her husband. Ill take this money and bay the moire antique. Grant will wait on me for the other thirty-five, I am sure ; and as for the painter, just aa likely as not he's in no hurry for his money, and if he is, 111 write to Uncle Jesse to lend me fifty dollars. I was always Uncle Jesse' fa vorite niece." And this eager young woman threw on her bonnet and shawl, and hurried d wn to Or ant's to buy the remnant of lilats moire antique. "Oh, oertainly! certainly I Mr. Grant was in no harry at all for the money. He troold watt Mr. MeUen's convenience any length of time she chose to mention." And he nnfolded the rich fabric, skill fully holding it up so that the light should strike its rosy sheen to the best possible advantage. How beautiful it was I ' Amethysts shot with glimmering lines of silver bads of spring violets in the sunshine midsummer sunsets 1 Lottie thought of all there beautiful things aa she looked at it " Pray send it home at onoe," she said, laying down her fifty dollar bill, ' and credit this on my account." And then she tripped around to the dressmaker's. Mrs. Parkerson was at the dress maker's a p'.ump, rosy, widow, with more money than she knew bow to spend. She had always liked young Mrs. Mellen, and now entered with alacrity into her plana. "A nioe place to go, my dear," said she. " Once let yourself be seen at one of Mrs. Benedict's parties, and your position in society is settled at onoe. I have cards myself : bat, of coarse, so soon after my poor . brother's; death I eould'nt go out. And you're to go in lilac moire antique, eh, my dear 1 TU tell you what I want yoa to look nioe, and I'll lead yoa my diamonds !" Lottie's cheeks flashed exultantly as she thought of Mrs. Parkerson's dia mond necklace, with its glittering pend ant, and the bracelets studded with gems, to say nothing of the great soli taires, like drops of dew that hung from her ear-rinffo. Oh, Mrs. 1 srkerson I" she ex claimed breathlessly, " how can I ever thank you." " Look aa pretty aa yoa can, my dear," said Mrs. Parkerson, good na- turedly. " That's the way to thank el" Miss Monsley, the dressmaker, and Mrs. Mellen were in deep consultation as to whether the front of the dress should be cut a la Pompadour, or with corsage, the next day, when the latter a summoned down stairs. There stood Mr. Pepper, the painter, in the halL "Begging your pardon, ma am, for interrupting you," said he, humbly doffiing his cap ; " bnt Mr. Mellen told me yoa woald let me have the money on my little account!" Lottie crimsoned. " I am very sorry, Mr. Pepper," said she, nervously ; "bat yoa must call again next month !" " Mr. Mellen said you'd pay me with out delay, ma'am." "I can't help what Mr. Mellen said," exclaimed Lottie. " I haven't the money. That's enough t" "But ma'am, I was assured I should have it without any mistake. I need it ma'am, to send my sick wife ont west to her mother's, and " " I have no time to stand here talking airy h5ngeT,",f'aid' Lottie, roortifled," ashamed, yet still endeavoring to pur suade herself - that the ' man had no basin ess to 'be ao persistent. " I will let you have the aum as soon as possible. In the meantime yoa must wait r Pepper went away with a sad face, which haunted Mrs. Mellen for many a day, and Lottie returned to the dress making operations. The lilao moire antique was made and fitted superbly. Sister Helen, who had a rich husband, lent the point lace flounces and acarf and Mrs. Farkerson's man servant brought around the satin casket of diamonds early in the afternoon : and Lottie Mellen went to Mrs. Bene dict's ball, in the same carriage with her sister and sister's husband. " For once, I am equal to any mil lionaire's wife on the avenue," thonght Lottie, with a thrill of triumph at her heart. Her entrance made a sensation. She was quite aware of that as she swept through the brilliantly lighted rooms; and it was no small wonder, for she was as beautiful as a vision, with her golden hair, deep blue eyes and queenly height, while the lilao moire antique and dia monds set her off rarely. Mr. Bently Benedict leveled his eye glass at her, as she passed so, after the usual presentation to her host and hos tess. " So that ia the wife of your confi dential clerk, eh, Joe?" said he to his brother. "A silk gown for a royal princess, point lace that couldn't have cost leas than one hundred dollars a yard, and diamonds that blaze like comets I I don't exactly, fancy that sort of a confidential clerk myself 1 Le! me see how much did yon tell me yon paid him? Fourteen hundred a year ?" Mr. Joe Benedict looked uneasily at the brilliant vision. "I cant aooount for it," said he slowly. "I always supposed Mellen to be a reliable sort of. a fellow, but I must say I don't like the looks of thip. I'm afraid we have trusted him too fir, although the accounts seem straight enough. I'll look into them to-morrow." He did look into them. " So far they are right," he said to himself. " But it's better to be on the safe side. A clerk whose wife dresses like a duchess can't be altogether straight. Ill discharge him 1" So Clarence Melleu lost his situation, at the beginning of the winter, with hard times looking him gravely in the face. Mr. Benedict told him frankly why. "I saw your wife at my brother Bentley'a ball," said he, "dressed in moire antique, costly lace and diamonds. I bring no acquisition I have no com plaint to make only, in th se days of embezzlement, forgery and defalcation, one baa to look out for himself. And 'straws show which way the wind blows. '" When Mr. Mellen went home he found a lawyer's clerk in the hall, with a letter from poor Pepper. He wrote : "My wife is dead. God knows whether it is your fanlt or not. Had you paid the money you owed, I might hava aent her west, to her native air. It would at least have been a chance of life for ber. Bat she is gone now, and I have only, to say that if the bill is not settled at once, I shall retort to the ex tremest measures." This was the first Mr. Mellen knew that the fifty dollar bill had not been applied to its rightful destination. " I hope you are contented now, Lot tie," be said, aa he went np stairs to the room where his wife lay sobbing on the sots. " Tot have mined me !"' And Lottie knew at last how dear a prioe she had paid for her one night of triumph at Mis, Benedict's bail, From Washington. The committee on poatoffloes and poetroads have agreed to recommend the passage of a bill introduced last February, providing that after the first of January next the annual salaries of various postmasters shall be as follows: New York, $8,000 ; Chicago, St. Louis and Philadelphia, 86,000 each ; Cincin nati, Brooklyn, Baltimore and Sin Francisco. $6,000 each; provided the salraies shall be paid from money re served at the poetoffioe in said cities from box rents, sales of postage stamps and from other sources,! in exoess of expenditures allowed and made thereat for rent, clerk hire, fuel, lights, f nrni- ture, stationery, printing aid necessary incidentals. - I The president sent to the senate the nomination of Jrmes W. Marshall, as first assistant postmaster-general, and 8. B. Axtell, governor of Utah ter ritory. - The senate has oontrmed the following nominations: Marshal Jewell, postmaster-general ; Charles P, Con ant, assistant secretary of the treasury ; Ben jaminMoran, minister residentto Por tugal ; David Thompson, Obit inter preter to the legation in Japan. Wick ham Hoffman, secretary of legation at London ; Robert R. Hitt, of Ilinois, secretary of legation at Paris. The sub judiciary committee Isessrs. Butler, Poland and White report to the full committee in favor of attend ing the civil rights bill so as to Wit the mixed school provision, and reqVire merely that equally good eduoatiaal facilities shall be provided for bqh races ; that the penalty of five hundred dollars fine be omitted, leaving the pi euniary punishment for the violation d any of the provisions of the bill to eon4 sist in liabilities in $500 damages at theBwer the bell which is just outside. Buife ui any uiuiviuun unui rxjuaiitj of accommodation, eta There was a general discussion of the subject, but no definite action, there being a wide difference of views. Mr. Conkling's bill in relation to the District of Columbia, directs the secre tary of the treasury to issue four per cent, thirty year bonds of the United States to an amount not exceeding 818, 000,000, and exchange them within one year for bonds and stocks of the Dis trict of Columbia and the cities of Washington and Georgetown, dollar for dollar, the difference in interest of either to be adjusted by him. The difference in interest between what the United Slates have to pay on $18,000,000 of four per cent, bonds and the amount they are entitled to receive on debts taken by them in exchange therefor, is stated to be $200,000 per annum, and this amount is to be pledged and in vested as a sinking fund for the re demption of the principal. The bill is accompanied by a preambie which oites the constitution and a report made by the house judiciary committee last ses sion, to show that the United States are liable for these debts contracted through their delegates and representatives, A bill has been introduced in the lower house of congress to appropriate $20,000 for a statue of Zachary Taylor, Old Bough and Beady," to be erected in Waahingtion. Kighl and Moonlight. Many men walk by day ; few walk by night. It is a very different season. Take a J uly night for instance. About 10 o'clock when man ia asleep and day fairly forgotten the beauty of moon light is seen over lonely pastures where cattle are silently feeding. On all sides novslties present themselves. Instead of the tu there are the moon and stars, instead of the wood-thrush there is the whip-poor-will, instead of the butter flies in the meadows, fire-flies, winged parks of fire I who would have be lieved it ? What kind of oool, deliber ate life dwells in those dewy abodes as sociated with a spark of fire ? So man has fire in his eyes, or blood, or brain. Instead of singing-birds, the half throttled notes of a cuckoo flying over, the croaking of frogs, and the intense! dream of crickets. Bnt above all, the wonderful trump of the ball-frog, ring ing from Maine to Georgia. The po-' tato vines stand npright, the oorn grows space, the bushes loom, the grain fields are boundless. On our open river ter xaoes, onoe cultivated by the Indian, they appear to occupy the ground like an army, their heads nodding in the breeze. Small trees and shrubs are seen in the midst, overwhelmed as if by an inundation. The shadows of rooks and t'ees, and shrubs and hills are more conspicuous than the objects them selves. The slightest irregularities in the ground are revealed by the shadows, and what the feet find comparatively smooth appers rough and diversified in consequence. For the same reason the whole landscape is more variegated and picuresqne than by day. The smallest rooosBOB in the rocks are dim-sud cav ernous ; the ferns in the woods appear of tropical size. The sweet fern and in digo in evergreen wood-paths wet you with dew np to your middle. The leaves of the shrub-oak are shining as if a liquid were flowing over them. The pools seen through the trees are as full of light as the sky. " The light of the day takes refuge in their bosoms," as the Parana says of the ocean. All white objects are remarkable than by day. A distant cliff looks like a phos phorescent spaoe on a hill-eide. The woods are heavy and dark. Nature slumbers. Ton see the moonlight re flected from particulai stumps in the recesses of the forest, as if she selected what to shine on. These small frac tions of her light remind one of the plant called moon-seed, as if the moon were sowing it in such places. Thoreau. Sulphate of Iron for Plants. A French scientist, M. Ensebe Oris, has been making detailed experiment', and finds the following definite conclu sions : That salt is a stimulating ma nure ; that it presents no danger when intelligently applied ; that its action is seen on the coloring prinoiple of leaves; that from its cheapness, a few cents' worth is sufficient to treat hundreds of plants ; that it might be applied to cul tivation on a large scale, and especially to the cultivation of fruit. Hia man ner of applying the sulphate is as fol lows : A solution of two drams to one quart of water is made, and with this the plants, previously placed in the shade, are watered. It is presumed that the earth snrroiindinj the plai t is moist ; if this is not the case, a more dilate solution must he used, The so- lution may be applied daily for five or six days ; about two and a half ounces are sufficient for each watering of an ordinary sized plant, as a calceolaria. Plants which have become sickly, col orless, and etiolated, will, under this treatment, quickly recover a full green oolor, give finer flowers, send forth more vigorous shoots, and generally show the good effects of the tonic Postage Stamps. Every United States postage stamp in nse is made here in New York. The contract was held by the American Bank Note Company from July 1, 1863, until the same day in 1873. That was for three terms of four years each. The Continental Dank Note Company at that time offering to do it for one-half the amount required by the other com pany, the contract was awarded to them. The office of the Continental is at the Corner of Greenwich and Liberty streets, but as it was desirable to have the postage stamps made in a perfectly fire-proof building, the fifth t tory of the Equitable Life Insurance building, on the corner of Broadway and Cedar street, was rented for that purpose. The office here ia for the use of Mr. Daniel M. Boyd, the government agent, and Mr. Charles F. Steel, the agent and superintendent appointed by the company. The faots given in regard to the making of the stamps were obtained by your correspondent from Mr. Henry Bowen, Mr. Boyd's assistant. Two passenger elevators run to the top of the building, and on leaving them, the only entrance to the postage stamp rooms is by means of a door which is constantly kept locked and guarded by a janitor, who always sits inside to an- Oa the right hand side are the office and printing room, and away to the left, at he front of the building, are the other boms need in making the stamps. In printing, steel plates are used, on wich 200 stamps are engraved. Two msi are kept hard at work, covering theV with the colored inks and passing the to a man and girl, who are equally busyat printing them with large roiling handWessea. Three of these little squad are employed all the time, although ten presses can be put into.use in cast of necessity. After the small sheets f paper upon which the 200 stamps We engraved have dried suffi eieutly tljy are sent into another room and gumfled. The gum used for this purpose is) peculiar composition, made of the polder of dried potatoes and ether vegeablea mixed with water, which is betW than any other kind, for instance, gut arabio, which cracks the paper badlyi This paper is also of a peculiar textare, somewhat similar to that used tor ofik notes. After having been again dipd, this time on racks, which are f acrid by steam power for about an' hour,ttie are put between sheets of jnstetaard and pressed in hydraulic presses; capable of applying a weight of two hdred tons. The next thing is to cut thejheets in half ; each sheet, of course, men cut, contains a hundred stamps, jg is done by a girl with a large pair shears, catting by hand being preferred to that of machin ery, which method rald destroy too many stamps. Theyyre passed to two other squads, who inas many opera tions perforate the shts between the stamps. Next they aA pressed once more, and then packed ad labeled, and packed away in anotner bom, prepara tory to being put in maikwa for dis patching to fulfill orders! If a single stamp is torn, or in any ws mutilated, the whole sheet of one mdred ia burned. About five hundret thousand are burned every week from tja cause. For the past twenty years na single sheet has been lost, such caree taken in counting them. During theprooess of manufacturing the sheets are bunted eleven times. There are 36,000 postoffloes thingh out the country, and they use li the course of one year 700,000,000 poiige stamps. A week or two since 64, (h. 000 finished and 87,000,000 unfinisVd stamps were put into the safes. Te New York post-office alone uses 126 000,000 a year, somewhat over one-sixtv of the whole number used, or equal td the amount required Jby 6,000 other offioes. Four times a year the different post-offices send an order for the num ber of stamps they expect to have occa sion to use during the ooming three months. Of oonrse, if they run out during that time, they are at liberty to send for more. The office here in New York is supplied differently. Twice a month an order is sent for about 500,000 of various denominations. Three cent stamps are, of saurse, in much greater demand than those, of any other value. In answer to the orders the trtau .aro . made, and sent to the offioes, and there counted im-" mediately in the presence of a witness. An accompanying blank re ceipt is filled up and sent to the third assistant postmaster at Washington, who has charge of this branch of the poBt-offlce department. The pay of the majori y of postmasters is not by any means extravagant. Ihe holder of that position in Guthrie, Ind., receives the small salary of $1 per annum, and there are many others who get the same. Others get two, three, four, five, and so on up to $6,000. Al though a salary of a few dollars is not in itself of importance, the holding of such an office generally is. For in stance, in a little village the postmaster is almost always the owner of the gro cery store, and the villagers, while wait ing for the mail, find it convenient to lay in a stock of provisions, so that the poetoffice draws custom. B asides, the postmaster is usually considered a man of muoh importance in a small town. I know a storekeeper who is the postmas ter of a village in the southern part oi New Jersey, and who gets only twelve dollars a year for that position. But he wouldn't resign it for three times that amount every year. It is only the postmasters of large towns or cities who receive as muoh as four thousand dollars. Mr. J. L. James, the postmaster of this city, gets a salary of six thousand dollars, the largest given, but really small, considering the large amount of responsibility and work which it involves. JV York Letter. It was Katie King's badbreath that betrayed her. There was one gentleman present who could not. be persuaded that there are onions in heaven. THE StiUTHEBN DEBT.-, Details at the Lendnn Seheana tor F lag the Old Bonda. Tne council of foreign bondholders of the London stock exchange have for some years been struggling with the difficulties presented by the default in the pavment of the interest on the debts of the southern states of America, and their action culminated last spring in resolutions denouncing Virginia for not complying with the terms of her own funding bill ef 1870. This at tracted the attention of capitalists largely interested in southern securi ties, and they consulted with a lawyer formerly a resident rf Chicago and now of London, whom the Times calls " the leading authority on American railway securities." This gentleman for twenty- five years has been employed by Eng lish bondholders to enforce tlieir rights against railways, cities and counties of Iowa, Illinois and. Wja-nnriire, fft w been the pioneer in all that litigation whereby the supreme court of the United States had been got to decide that municipal and other bond, when issued by political corporation, are binding upon the whole property of the citizens and can be collected sh rough the courts. The supreme court of Iowa had originally held the same, way, but the people made a new constitution and elected a new supreme oourt, which reversed the former decisions ; and' the aid of the supreme oourt of the United States was therefore necessary to pi 1(1 out the rights of the bondholders. In Some of this litigation, where the courts would order the mayor and city council to levy a tax and pay a debt and thare au thorities would refuse to do so, because they were restrained by injunction from the state court, the federal court would put the whole city govern mei t . in Jail until they did levy the necessary tax. In some cases the oourt would direct its marshal to levy and collect such tax as was necessary to pay the debt. This line of decisions governs the po3leV-to be pursued by the foreign bondholders; and they farther decide that w6en bonds are issued, and the law which authorizes the issue also provides a tax te pay the interest on them and a sink ing fund to pay the principal when due then such law is a contract between the state and the bondholder, 'and can not be repealed: or moainea, but that the tax thus provided must be collected, and the proceeds applied to the use to which it is pledged. Upon the principle of these decisions, which was spplied'to the southern debts, it has been arranged to float all the debts of all these states on the terms pro posed. For this purpose theAaaeriean bond-funding and banking association has been organized with sufficient cap ital to accomplish its objects. Its cap italists are among the strongest firms in , Europe interested and deeliBa Azner- can securities the rtotnanuas, uu listta and Barm( of Lonpnlfteaides some of the mast influential flams of Germany. They have had Hie law above referred .to prepared, and they propose to a state that, if she will agree to its provisions and surrender to them the entire control of its debt, then this association binds itself to receive these new bonds and to return to the state old bonds in exchange as soon as they can get possession of them. - The pro posed new bond is to be made payable ia London in gold coin so as to meet the legal-tender decisions of the su preme oourt, and the rate ef interest will vary in each state, according to ber ability to pay. The syndicate controll ing this association in London hold large quantities of southern securities. With their inflnenoe in financial circles thev expect to place these new gold bonds on the market on the most ad vsntageeas terms. They will be per fectly secured, the interest will always be promptly paid in London, and they expect to sell them at a much higher rate than the present dishonored bonds can be made to bring. A gold bond payable in London is considered worth one-fifth more than - a gold bond payable in New Tork, and, as a proof of this, they refer to the fact that before the war the state bonds payable in London bearing five per cent., brought as much as bonds in the same state Tpayable in New -Tork at six per cent., and then both bonds were bavable in gold. , The originators of wis soneme, in pich so much legal ability is involved d which so great financial influnoe is Sporting, propose to handle the fol- long debts: Alatm, ,178 018 ft4o,0U0 1 2X8.697 8,165. 61 10 M,fl3,407 3 610,618 11,000,0.0 7,665,9(0 91,0110,000 l,fri.71 32.toa.ooo 18.000.0M Floru OeorgV.'..JL Ijonieil Miaai-ajp! North Qruiina. Sonth Ctouna. Tenneaaai...... TVxee . . . Virginia. Wuat Virgin. . - -- jr .Jfctst-; The agent of the associativa Mi been assured that the governor of Alabama irill reoomaiend- to his Jegislaor" tne funding of fee debt on these tens at 5 per cent. S will the, new governor of South Caroliax The governorof Mis sissippi, Gen. imes, wiU urge fe fund ing cf the oldpudiated bon issued by the planter's bank. Georgia, being easily able to pa, what she oa herself, declines to makCmy terms at all. Gov. Kemper, of this Sate, after sne delay, agreed to reoommoa to the legislature then about to assemble here the fund ing of the debt of yiarinifj, into four per cent dBKng Bonda," un der the plan of tht assoiation. He urged it on the legisatura with great earnestness, and Mr. , Mj T. Hunter, the treasurer, also pres ) for adop tion. Kemper and Bq eomdbine can carry this finaja measure through the general aasyMT and they are sanguine of suooesl w jt in con verting the whole del fom per cent, sterling bonds. ', Mr. McCulloch, late of TaT Cooke, MeCulloch 4 Co., of Loodo wag here at the bondholders' oeufenoe , He examined the plan for fiQjng these debts and was entirely satisfU jfh ;ts feasibility. He will probabl ope. rate in London and beoorae oi 0j the parties managing the enterprist There has ben a great mystery kept uxBbont all this matter, and it has been Sfiault to get at the faots ; bnt the abov6,tate. ment will be found to be ot though probably it will astound tome persons here to see it in print. i. mond Cor. N. Y. Herald. Snails are to be taxed in Paris, wt fill make them go still more slowly.y A Terrible Alpine Accident. The journal de Geneve of a recent date contains the f ollowing account of a catastrophe on Mont at. .Bernard "A few days ago it was rumored in Sion that a frightful accident had hap pened at a few kilometres from the Great St. Bernard. This rumor, unfor tunately, proved to be well founded. On the 19th of November, at the break of day, a caravan composed of twelve Italian workmen, returning to their country, left the Bourg St. Pierre and the tavern of Proz, where they had passed the night, and, despite the foul weather and difficult state of the roads, attempted to cross over the mountain pass or to reach the refuge, as circum stances might allow. The sky was dark and there was a violent snowdrift. On reaching the spot known as the Montague St. Pierre, half-way between the starting point and the place of refuge, they were joined by two monks, preceded by the convent servant and a large-siaed dog, who, according to the rule of the monastery, name to meet the travelers. At this moment the drift of snow became intense. Suddenly a frozen water-spout, oalled veura in the language of the mountaineers, whirled through the air, and whisking op the fresh fallen snow, enveloped the travel ers. The first column, composed of five Italian workmen, two monks, the ser vant, and the dog, disappeared under a shroud of snow several metres thick without any avalanche having fallen from the mountain ; the seven others who were following were stricken down by Che same cause a short distanoe from the first. A deadly silence followed. Suddenly the seven last victims buried in the snow succeeded in emerging from beneath the white surface. They were saved, and they returned to their starting-place after having made every endeavor to rescue their oomrades from the grave in which they are probably at this moment of writing still alive One of these men succeeded by the force of instinct and the energy of des pair in breaking through the ice piled above him. It was the monk Contat from Sembrauoher. He dragged bis bleeding limbs about a mile and a half from the grave where he had been buried for several hoars, and reached the first hut oalled the ' hospital,' and situated close to the Velan. It is there the young monk was found the next morning nearly insensible, after having been twenty-seven hours alone, without food or assistance of any kind, by hia brother monks of the convent who had come to look after the victims of the accident. ' How had they become aware of the catastrophe f The dog Tuoo had succeeded in scratching through the now and found his way back to the con vent. At the sight of this noble ani mal, with his biuised and bleeding body, the monks no longer had any don Has toythefct of their two. breth ren, and started at onee to seek for them. A flask of spirits applied to the mouth of the only eurvivor of this scene, which is here narrated from bis own description, restored him to life for a brief spaoe, for a few minutes later he was a corpse. His colleague and other six companions, buried beneath the veura, have not yet been found. This is the most terrible accident which has happened on Mont St. Bernard since the yeas 1816." . - - . Orchard Grass. I am still receiving requests every few days for more information about orchard grass. I believe I have said nearly everything that I can say in my various articles, but, as they were net all published in your paper, I will again answer a few of the questions asked. Two bushels cf seed to the acre (of 14 pounds to the bushel) is not too much, bat twenty pounds of nioe clean seed will insure a good set. To sow less than twenty pounds " is penny wise and pound foolish," for less than twenty pounds will not produce a per fect sod, and all the ground not sodded over is, of course, lost. I believe An gust to be the best time for sowing orchard grass. I sowed this year a small lot in August to rye and orohard grass. About (he 25th of next April I shall mow the rye, which will make a fine lot of feed, and by mowing so early, it will not interfere with the grass, and will protect it during the winter. I believe this to be even better than sowing the grass alrne. Most farmers wish to tow the grass-seed with wheat or oats. If orchard grass is sown with either of these, it should .be sown in Maroh. I soil all my stock, and consider orchard grass the best of all grasses fer soiling, for the following reasons: Its earliness, lateness, rapidity of growth, and the preference stock have for it. All these qualities combined make it the best of UBUiiajg Pja-sWrJPg'. - IS fleas net make so muoh feed as oon--fodder, but it does not require the work that corn does, and you are obliged to manure your corn-fodder land to keep it up, while orohard grass improves land every year. Stock never tire of the grass as they do of fodder. If sown about the first of Maroh, it is not necessary to barrow the seed in, although a light harrowing will do no harm. Some of my correspondents seem to think that I am writing for amusement, profit or pay. My sole consideration is to have this valuable (tbe most valua ble) grass sown over all the United States. Owing to the exoessive drouth, I did not attempt to save any seed this year, except jnBt what I needed for my own sowing, for fear it would not fill well, but mowed all for hay. I was mis taken, however, for the drouth seemed scarcely to affect the seed at all. I can recommend the seed furnished by Alli son k Addison, of Richmond, Vs., as the sample I obtained from them was very fine. Another great advantage orchard grass has over other grasses and clover, is the greater oertainty of get ting a catoh ; I have never failed, and have never seen a failure. Country Gentleman. The intniti. n of the treasury girls serves them well in the counterfeit busi ness ; and Gen. Spinner, who has had twelve years' experience in the work, says they are worth ten times as much as the men for such business. " A man always has a reason for a counterfeit," says the General ; "'forty, may-be, bnt be is wrong half the time. A woman never has a reason. She says 'tig oour terfeit beoaaee i( in counterfeit, and she's always riht though she oouldn' tell how she found out if she were be hung for it." Tlie Store vs. the Fire Place. Substantial clufflneya te two-story houses will require each about five thousand bricks, and oost, when com pleted, sixty dollars each ; whether in side or outside, it is a mere accident if they answer the purpose for whioh they are built, for who is there that has not scorched his shin in front of a roasting fire, while his back was freezing. very cold weather? Ordinary planta tion fire-places will consume weekly cord of wood, and withal leave the room as cold as if there had been no fire kindled. Hourly durinsj cold days, the fire has to be replenished and the hottest part of the chimney is its top, for 9-lOths of the heat escapes up the flue. The chuncks may be drawn to gether, and fresh wood thrown on, bnt all to little purpose half the time, for we southerners are proverbially expert in leaving doors open behind ns in cold weather. Possibly, cheerful fires may have partially heated the sitting-room, for instance ; a member of the family wishes to retire, " only for a minute ;' the minute is prolonged to an hour the door stands ajar all the while, until the draft of fresh air chills the room and inmates, when on must go a few more logs to resupply the lost heat. This polioy, so universally praotioed at the south, coats money. I care not the wood is burned to get rid of it. The tree must be felled, the branches lopped off, the wood hauled, then out again to suit the fire place, and the fire built ; every one of whioh aots hss to be done by hired help. True, farmers say, the land had to be cleared, and the farm hands oat and hauled the wood, and others build the fires when they having nothing else to do, etc. . Against just such fallacious ideas I am contending. (Hearing land may at a future time be composed as ques tionable economy, and surely hands that are hired by the year should never be so idle as to hate time to do work to oost nothing. But I am asked, what substitute have you for the chimney ? I answer unhesi tatingly the stove. As the cooking stove has supplanted the Dutch oven, so should the heating stove supersede the fire-pi aoe in most of our rooms. To-day is cold and icy, the wind blows briskly from the northeast. Three hours ago I entered the room in whioh I am writing.and for the first time this fall, kindled a fire in a stove that an able-bodied man might carry under bis arm, using three small sticks of oak wood twelve inohea long; .and two smaller pieoes of dry pine." In fifteen minutes I had to move off from the stove, and to this time the remotest corner of the room ia perfectly comfort able. ' '"' - Yeaiarday mprning,at . daylight (Sd November, white frost), with a few splinters and a gnarled . atiok of pine, probably 20 inches long and 6 inches square. I kindled a fire in a stove ; at 9 a. at. three or four small oak sticks were added ; at 12 m. as many more, and again at 3 p. u.; at 9 r. M. this room, sixteen by twenty feet, with ceiling twelve feet high, was warm and comfortable, and had been so through out the dsy. Had either of these ex periments been tried in a room with a fire-place, I would have written with cold fingers, and eaten my meals with discomfort The objection to a stove is trite, that it dries aa well as heats the air of room, and produces headaohe. There is science in using a stove as there is in the use of all implements, and it may be to resupply the very moisture it de stroys. A tea-kettle, sauce-pan, boiler, or any open vessel filled with water and placed upon the stove will furnish by evaporation the necessary moisture as rapidly as needed. Exchange. Feminine Matters. The latest style of silk hat is called the "Albion." It turns np on both sides, lays close to the head, and is worn now npon the forehead. It is trim med with a long ostrioh plume. Ken tucky is preparing to send three belles to Washington this winter whose peer less beauty will make all the other girls look like unsuccessful first experiments. Corsets are made of white satin, nio ly embroidered with white silk, and nn- jder-skirts of palest pink or blue flannel, also embroidered with white silk and bordered with doable ruffles of Valen ciennes lace. So they say. Chatelaines, instead of the former pendants, have exquisite watches in ox idized silver, tortoise shell, onynx or jet attached, and are made otsolid silver, finished in "satin." Broad armlets of gold or velvet, 'ast- ened with gold or diamond clasps, are among fcile re rived fancies, ll 111 kJU lu distinct, and not connected as formerly by a chain with tbe bracelet upon the wrist. In bonnets, seal brown and invisible green are the colors milliners have the most call for. Young ladies whose hair grows thickly above the ear and on the nape of the neck display its luxuriance by combing it straight upward to a mass of soft puffs or else crown braids, over whioh drop two small, short, feathery curls. A fillet of black velvet studded with jet beads is a simple and pretty ornament when worn around massive braids. A new style of bracelet is in basket braid.yellow gold, as flexible as ribbon ; another is solid red gold blocks, hinged together with a small red gold ball glittering in diamond cut facets, sus pended at each hinge. With the present shape of bonnets it is necessary to drag the hair low on the forehead, hence many paste it there ia bandolined scallops. Coral is again fashionable. Some ex quisite sets with carved heads in cameo range in price as high as $500. Flashy settings for diamonds are out of style only the smallest amount of gold being visible. A striped velvet polonaise, trimmed with thread lace and worn over a plain velvet skirt, makes a most elegant cos tume for visiting and receptions. Julia Ward Hows informs us that " the financial incompetence of men in general is becoming every day more ev ident to the world at large." It is es pecially evident in the morning, when their wives have " gone through'' their pockets overnight. Bow Jaokson dreefi Deceived His Poor Old Urandratue. Jackson Green is fourteen years old, and he lives on Pixth street. The other day, while reading a Side novel, his grandfather came in with the paper asked him to read the president's mes sage. It irritated Jackson to break oft his story just vThefe tfee trapper was going to be scalped, and be made up his mind to have revenge on hid grand father. He took up the paper and started off as follows : The business of the patent office shows a steady increase. Since 1836 over 155.000 patents have been issued. Officer Deck, of the station-house, wants it distinctly understood that lie is not the Deck confined there a few days since as a lunatic. " What 1" exclaimed the old man, "is that in the message ?" " Bight here, every word of it !" re plied Jackson. And he continued : The business of the agricultural bu reau ia rapidly growing and the depart ment grounds are being enlarged, and the highest prize in a Chinese lottery is twenty-nine cents, and the man who draws it has his name in the paper and is looked upon as a neap o( a fellow. " What 1 what is that ?" roared the old man. "I never heard of such message as that I" "I can't help it," replied Jackson "yon asked me to read the president's message and I m reading it. And he went on : Daring the year 5.758 new applica tions for army invalid pensions were allowed at an aggregate annual rate of KJi.3i)'i. and kerosene oil is tne oest furniture oil 1 it cleanses, adds a pol ish and preserves from the ravages of insects. "Jackson Green, does that message read that way T" asked the old man, " You don't suppose I'd lie to yon, do yon ?" inquired Jackson, putting on an injured look. " Well, it seems singular," mused the old man. " I shouldn't wonder if Grant was tired when hb wrote that." " Well, I didn't write the message, 1 replied Jackson, and continued : There are 17.620 survivors of the war of 1812 on the pension rolls, at a total annual rate of $1,691,520. and still an otner lot ot tnose one dollar icit sauris ; they go like hot cakes on a cold morn ing. Hold on, Jackson stop right there?" said the old man aa he rose up. " You needn't read another word of that mes sage. If Gen. Grant thinks he can in sult the American people with impunity he will find himsel? mistaken. You may throw the paper in the stove, Jaok son, and let this be an awful example to you never to taste intoxicating drinks." Jackson tossed the paper away and resumed his dims novel, while the old gent leaned back and pondered on the degradation of men in high places, . Kalakaoa, King or the Islands. Hawaiian in the JHawaiisn Gazette,' Tor Novem ber 12, we find an interesting sketch of King Kalakaua, who is now in Wash ington. According to this sketch, the king is thirty-eight years of age, having been born November 16, 1836. He is the oldest son of Hon. G. Kapaakea and the late High Ohieftess Keohokalole, both of whom were connected with va rious branches of the high chief de scended from the ancient sovereigns. David Kapaakea was, with his brother William Pitt, educated at the royal school, under the care of Mr. and Mrs. Cooke, like the thfee kings who imme diately preceded him, and both he and his brother and two sisters are well instructed, speaking English as well as Hawaiian, while all are said to be ex cellent musicians. The present king married in 1862 to an estimable lady, Kapiolani, a member of the Episcopal church, who fills her royal station worthily. The king was elected sover eign by the national legislature on the 12th of February last by a very flatter ing majority, only six votes being oast against him, these being given to Queen 4 Emma. As the king has no children, his younger brother is the heir apparent. The accuracy of this aooount, whioh we have greatly condensed, may be, of oonrse, guaranteed from the place and circumstances of its publication. In addition, a noteworthy bit of newspaper enterprise is exhibited by the Gazette. It has pasted on the front page of each of the mail copies that came by the steamer (very few, to be sure) an ex cellent photograph, about four inches square, of King Kalakaua. The like ness shows a rather pleasant, good- humored, intelligent and manly face, with marked Hawaiian features. One would say that the likeness is that of a man worthy to wear his regal honors. A desire to learn something for the im provement of the great republic is said to be a leading objeot of our visitor's journey. Migf Un af -Plants. The plants of Europe have in many oases driven oft" tbe vegetable tribes of America and Australia, and occupied their sites ; and while the footsteps of the white man are sounding the death knell of the aboriginal people, his plants are destroying those of the poor savage. There is no kingdom on earth so revolutionary as the vegetable king dom. Plants may be said to live amidst strife and constant struggles, and to slay each other mercilessly, though without bloodshed or cruelty. The larger trees of the tropical forests are entwined and throttled by trailers, and hugged by linas till they die ; smaller plants seem to wait lor the places filled by their stronger neighbors. There is less rivalry in European fr rests, only because a few sovereign species of tim ber tress, like the Scotch and spruce firs of Scandinavia, hold possession of the soil and do not allow the approach of rivals. The plants that feed the populations of the world have prevailed in the fields of nature and of cultivation by virtue of conquest, effected with or without the aid of man ; and it is re markable that the most useful plants are the most robust and elastic, such as the hardy grasses and those great wan derers, wheat, rioe, maize, and millet, whioh have followed mau in all his mi grations. What a determination of physical . character wheat, maize, the banana-tree, oassava, and others must possess, since they have pnshed their way among their compeers, till they each dominate over wide surfaoes cf the globe, and their true or native country cannot now be determined ! AfamnU- lan't Magazine, S1IIS6S AXD DOIKtiS. " Ohly a woman's hair," remarked Spivens, musingly, as he gazed down into his plate ; " a red-headed woi-au at that 1 It may be very sentimental, but it somehow gets away with my appetite." Hixzx M. Cooks writes that "kisses on her brow are the richest diadem a woman's soul aspires to." And yet a fellow who kisses a young lady on her brow while her rosy lips are making motions like a patent clothes-wringer is not the xtf ant for the position. Harriet Mc?.ww KiMBaM. calls such language as this "A Kiss :" Only the roses wi!l hear ; Dear. Only the roses will seaf Tliis onoe Jnat this ! Ah, the roses, 1 wis. They envy me ! Here is a hslf-blowu spray ; Say. This shall lore's anadem be t A rofe-etmng wreath For thy brow, and beneath A rose for me! JoHir Pm, on. materialization : Mother of Moses ! It does sometimes seem to me that people, so far from not knowing enough to go in when it rains, don't even know enough to get under a tree. Here the fools sit gaping at the show on the stage J why doesn't some one seize "Bantam" by the scruff of the neck, and hook on to " Honto" by the top-knot ? If they're spirits they'll melt away and dissolve, and there's no harm done ; and if, on the contrary, they prove to bs hulking louts of farm ers humbugging in rags and feathers, the broad of a shovel could be applied to no better agricultural purpose than the putting of a heavy top-dressing where it would make sitting down un comfortable and standing np the only thing to be thought of. Ons O. Haia, of Ban Francisco, waa a bank teller, two years ago, at a salary of $2,600. He loved Miss Sharon. Miss Sharon loved him. Mr. Sharon was agreeable, but the elder Hall ad vised Otis to wait a pair of years, travel in Europe,; grow worldly-wise, return and marry. All this Otis did aa he waa parentally advised. He left, his situa tion in San Francisoo, made an exten sive tour of Europe, and a short time ago returned, the period of his proba tion having elapsed. He got back just in time to read in the newspapers of the marriage of Miss Sharon, hia betrothed, to T. G. Newlands, a young lawyer of San Fran cisoo. It wss also stated lor Hall's further edification that Newlands had reoeived $1,000,000 in cash for his beautiful bride. Hall got a position as clerk in a Chicago hardware store, but he is not happy. Chicago Timet. A Cejcthhati youth, who parts his hair in the middle, made a slight mis take at a theater in that city tbe other night. ' Ia order to obtain a dearer perception of a high note by a singer, he reached in his coat-tail pooka and brought fbttk what he thought was aqj opera-glass, but what proved to be a re vised compilation of Deringer. People in his immediate vicinity were surprised, and somewhat frightened to see him elevate the ordnanoe to his eyes and, steadfastly gaze down into his dark dark caverns of death. It was npon first imoression. thought to be a cool deliberately planned suicide, but when he ouietly put it Darac in nis pocaes and brought thi real artiole into requi sition the horror melted from before their eyes, and it became apparent that it was only a mistake after alL A few hairs whese beat lay on the larboard side of the young man's skull had by some means gotten on the starboard side ; henoe the slight aberration of mind. Thk Brooklyn Argus bids farewell to Katie King in the following lines : Vale Katie King Visible messenger from an invisible world, adieu 1 Beau tiful spook of the lambert locks, fare well Bobert Dale Owen's oooupation's gone, Twas only last June that, in re turn for a ringlet from thy shining bead, he decorated thee with a neoauaoe oi nnarlH. rjurohased for cash at Chest- nut street jewelry store ; and now after but six months of life's fitful fever, he sadly sings : ' Giva back, glva back, thou lovely fraud, Ths pear la I bade the wear, Ind 111 give back to thee that lock Of phosphorescent hair. President Fihiist, of Oberlin Col lege, has his peculiar notions auoua ohuroh music. He has been known to violently pull the coat tails of the or ganistwho sits behind the pulpit when he thonght that individual waa indulging in too lively music. One Sunday, after a rather indistinct per formance by the choir, the reverend gentleman offered the following peti tion : " O, Ijord, we have sung an an them to thy praise. Thou knowest tne words, but we do no, we ao pray thee that those who thus led us may open their mouths that we may know what they say, we Tafty-jtym Jflr praise. May they not sing to be heard of men. May they not mock thee and offend thy people, or the house of God by making a display of themselves." Glass. Probably the Bomans were the first to employ glass for windows. Some remnants of glass panes are to be found to-day, in their frames, in the buried houses of Heroulaneum and Pompeii. They substituted glass as a material for bottles, in place of the leather whioh is still in vogue among the7poorer classes in the Orient. Epioureana in wine then, as now, determined the age of their artiole by the seal npon the cork, and the label impressed npon the glass. Glass goblets were less popular. Gold and silver reluotantly yielded the palm to their new-fangled rival, whioh sought popularity by appealing, not to the poverty of the poor, but to the desire of novelty among the rich. Even arti ficial stones and pearls of glass were not unknown. Whether mirrors of glasa were known to the Romans, or whether they depended exclusively, as they certainly did chif fly, upon the re sources of the Jews polished metals is a question of grave dispute among the learned in such matters a dispur into whioh we shall not venture to en ter. It is safe, however, to say that tbe only ubo of glass whioh modern art can claim with assurance, as exclusively !i. .. M.a itnitilnvniffliii nf it. '1ft tnoan nnncai instruments wmoa r.t- ?u onoe the children and the puree'. - . .. much ot modern science.