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The Canton mail. [volume] (Canton, Miss.) 18??-1882, May 01, 1875, Image 1

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CANTON" MATTY.
ADVERTISING BATES-
TH
CANTON MAIL
One square, ten lines, one insertion. ...t 1 M
Each snbeeqnent Insertion 76
FnMisbcd traj Satmdir
car is or oua square ons year IS 00
arm or two aqaaraa ons Tear 9) 00
One-fifth of a oolumn ons year. ....... 96 00
One-fourth of a column ons veer...... 45 00
EMMOSTT TLt. ROSS,
uiH-uira or a ouuia one u 66 00
One half eolama one year 80 00
Oue column one year 160 00
p Office, H. S fentfewt. Bear
Notices in looal ooinrona inserted for 20 oenta
Emmett L. Hoss & Co:, Proprietors.
per una lor each insertion.
TERMS OT 8UB8CBIPTION.
"For foams ef irovernroent let fools contest;
Whatever boat administered is beat."
Terms: $3 00 a Tear.
No proof of publication of legal arivertise-
bbuh wiu u maoe onui our res la settled.
Announcing candidates for atats anl district
War sm yauk tm aal
trr mm yr, t i
VOLUME X.
ofnoes, 1D and. for county oBite., lu.
MHiagea and clsatnspnbliafiej free. Ohitit
ariea obaraod as advertisemeiiU-
fmr six !, la ad
CANTON, MISSISSIPPI, MAY 1, 1S75.
NUMBER 43.
TO A TM T UL.D WWII,
Aad tkoa vert one maiden fair.
4 btaehing vtatln, warns eal yonns;,
WltaatTrtlee wreathed la eoldeo. hair
And skats? brow that knew no ear
Cpoa a brtdettroon ana yoa bore
The eoldea locks are attrered new,
Tb MnaoliUT cheek la pal and wan :
Tb. Striae mmy bloom, the Aatama flow.
Ha oae in oainwey-oorner thon
ratfet ahlTarin cn.
A
id thoa atak'M to raat f
To
aba. Bsrbapa, aa easel bleat,
tb bright anaemia of thy Lord.
la
C wverv Is Ufa's nata in all t
Hard la ths strife, sad light the fall.
Bat woaeiuua tb reward.
MIRK DILI-OS'S BOLD CAMS.
Tm (retting into terribly bad habits,
Dora. Breakfast at half past Bine ! Just
fancy my indulging in such hours three
yean ago, darling, before the world
made up its mind that I painted respect
able pictures, and chose to pay me ac
cordingly." And young Melville Anstin rose from
the daintily-sr read breakfast table at
which he and his wife were sitting.
"I hope yon are going to remain at
home this morning," Dora said, in a soft,
coaxing tone, that well beeo-ue her petite
figure and blonde-haired, girlish beauty.
' " De you know, Anstin, that yon hare
not painted aa atom of etnvas this
week t There your new picture of An-
ihorjw aaui CHmdntMm n
Tea, ray lore," the yonng artist in
terrupted, "I plead guilty to hare
shamefully neglected Anthony and Cleo
patra; but this morning's engagement
will not ououpy much time, and I shall
be hone in an hour, I trust, ready to be
gin work. In the meanwhile, Dora, if
that model of whom I was speaking
shonld make her appearance, just ask
her to wait in the studio."
"I am anxious to see this divinity,
Melville. Is she so very beautiful 7"
"After a sextain type, yea." the hus
band answered, carelessly. Then, while
his handsome face lit up with a sudden
brightBess, he added, in lower ones,
"Ion know there is but one woman in
the world, Dora, whose beauty can
thoroughly satisfy me."
For some time after her husband's de
parture that morning, Dora Austin re
mained buried in what, judging from
the happy smile that played about her
month, and danced in the blue depths
f her tender eyes, must have been
thoroughly agreeable thoughts.
"Was ever woman so blessed V she
nored presently, as if asking the
lion of her own heart. "Three
I toHarorrow sjsee we were married.
and still the same devoted love from
dear Melville. How foolish I was ever
to dream that this worldly sueoses
would eool the ardor of that love 1
Nothing oan ever change him noth
ing!" "The young woman has called
nu'am, and is now waiting outside.
Shall 1 show her into Mr. Austin's
studio?"
Dora's meditation had been abruptly
broken by the voioe of the stately but
ler who stood at her elbow.
"Oh! you mean Mr. Austin's model ?"
sh said a little eonfusedly. zes,
James, I believe your master wishes her
to wait in the studio till his return. Bv
the way, James, you may manage to let
peas through this room. I wish to
The man bowed, and denarted bo exe
cute Mr. Austin's order, retuning pres
ently, followed by a poorly-clad woman,
of whose face Dora merely caught a
momentary glimpea as she hurried to
ward the adjoining studio.
"How beautiful f the young wife
murmured ; " and what a faoe for Cleo
patra I She seemed anxious to escape
my notioa, poor woman 1 I wonder if
aha is ashamed of her .vocation ? You
told her. James, did you not" ad
dressing the butler, who returned at
this moment " that Mr. Austin would
return very shortly V
TaanT. na.uTt , 1
imW-Dt;b?en,P?mth.ebrek- I
fast room five minutes before he again
snaoenia appeavranoe there. A rather
shabby man desired to see Mrs. Austin.
Should he admit him ?
But the ceremonious butler had
scarcely finished speaking when a gruff
voice sounded from the entrance of the
room.
A rough-looking, heavily-bearded
man waa standing on the threshold,
directly opposite to Dora, who was
seated near one of the windows.
"You may go, my good fellow," the
mau said. I've particular business
with Mrs. Austin."
" Yea James yon may go. "
The words were gasped forth " some
how from Dora's white bps. If the
servant observed the agitation which
had suddenly overpowered his mistress,
be was too well trained to manifest the
least surprise, and quietly withdrew
from the room, closing the door after
" Oh heaven I is it you, Mark Dillon ?
I thought you dead I "
She had risen while anaaVina- fit a
above words, but the hoarse whisper in
which she uttered them died to silence
before she had finished, and Dora
Austin fell heavily forward in dead
swoon at the atran gar's feet.
The sound of her fall waa quickly
followed by that of au opening door at
the further end of the room, as Mr.
Austin's model, wearing a startled look
on her beautiful face, hurried in from
the adjoining studio. But the Strang
er"s back waa turned to ber as be bent
over the prostrste figure of Dors.
Nor was he aware of the woman's
in the a Dart merit until aha
1 him lisrhtlv on aha ahnn1l
and in a rather timid voioe, said. "Is
the lady ill, sir? I was in the next
room, and heard . Heavens, Mark I
yon heref"
"Ellen r The man had suddenly
turned his face toward the speaker,
whils still stooping over Mrs. Austin's
senseless body. " Oh, I recollect," be
continued, sternly ; " you told me that
you went out aa a model, and this
woman s husband is an artist. That
aesounts, perhaps, for you being here,
ana you may tnank your stars for hav-
mg so good an excuse,
you had followed me
If i thought
The angry flash of his dark eyes flu-
mamu nm sentence more powerful 1
" worus coma nave done.
Trembling in every limb, the woman
fUBwered, pleadingly: "I had ro
thought of following yon, Mark. I
neverjmagined that you knew this lady.
"Leave this house in- tartly, Client
Don heaitata a mosaent. but or, .t
The woman shnrMarWI -l
toward the door leading into the
Studio.
"I may explain this matter to you
some other time,." the man continued,
" but remember, I warn you against
remaining in this bouse a moment
longer than you can help."
When the studio door had closed be
hind the woman's retreating steps, Mark
Dillon onee more bent over the white
face of Dora Austin. A fain shiver
convulsed her frame at this moment,
and while his gase waa eagerly fastened
upon ber countenance, the silken lashes
slowly lifted themselves from her eyes.
' Then it was no dream," she mnr
mnred, hoarsely, rising from her fallen
posture, assisted by the man she ad
dressed. " You have come," she pres
ently continued, " to reveal all to Mel
ville Austin."
Hhe sank back into an arm-chair now,
with a weary, gasping sigh.
"J haven't come to dr anything of
the sort. Dora Dillon." the man said,
with a kind of sullen emphasis in his
gruff tones. " I don't wish to claim
you as my wife. You believed me dead,
three years ago, and married Melville
Anstin; there's nothing particularly
culpable about roar conduct as far as I
can discover. I shall be the last one.
depend upon it, my dear Mrs. Anstin, to
it-veal anything disagreeable concern
ing your antecedents.
" And why will yon reveal nothing
Let there be no disguise between as.
Mark Dillon. I know yonr brutal na
ture thoroughly. You came here this
morning to sell your silence. Is it not
so?"
" You are perfectly right, Mrs. Aus
tin or Airs. union, which is to be,
Dy me way r
His tones were defiantly supercilious
nis seen, cruet eyes were nxed upon
the agonised woman with something of
a serpent a pitiless gaze when the prey
is vimin easy distance, ana possession
hss become a certainty.
But Mark Dillon started back with
amazement, as Dora answered him.
calmly, scornfully and decisively, in
tne loaiowing words : -
" I shall not deceive the man to whom
I owe all the happiness I have ever en
joyed in this world the man whom I
love, honor and reverence, as only a
nature like Melville Anstin's is worthy
of being regarded. When I married
him, Mark Dillon, I acted upon my firm
conviction of your death. Now, I know
myself to have been in error, and I
single course remains to me. The in
I single course remains to me.
I 4-t.. VTlll - A
stant that Melville Anstin returns
home, I shall inform him of the truth.
"Are you mad, Dora Dillon? he
exclaimed, every traoe of his supercil
ions manner gone, and nothing bnt a
sort of furious surprise remaining.
"Are von n.ad. thus to throw awav the
position you have won ? to make of
yourself, a beggarly outcast 7 to
"Enough of this, Mark Dillon,' she
interrupted haughtily. "Your game
was a bold one, out it bas proved
failure. Ah, my husband I"
Melville Austin bad suddenly entered
tne apartment, uianeung at tne asben
pale countenance of Dora, a look of
amazement overspread his own. Then.
turning toward the stranger, who stood
beside the chair in which she was
seated, Mr. Austin said, "It strikes
me that I heard yonr voice, raised in
rather disrespectfully loud tone, as
stood in the hall a moment ago. Were
you addressing this lady, sir ? Dora,
who is this person?"
A Blight tremor shook Dora Austin's
frame, and her ghastly lips quivered
for an instant. But only for an instant.
She had risen now, and was addressing
Melviiie. wno listened auentiy until
she had ceased BDeakinff. stnnefied.
doubtless, by the dreadful import of
what she uttered.
" That man, Melville, is my husband.
Five years ago, before you and I ever
met, poverty had reduoed my mother
and myself to tne last stages oi want.
On my mother's death, and while I was
still almost a child in years, Mark Dil
lon asked me to become his wife. We
were married, and I soon discovered
that my wretched, friendless position
had been exchanged for one of still
greater misery. I had become united
to a man from whose vile, wicked life
my whole nature turned in loathing.
One evening, in a lit of drunken fury,
he struck me. That night I fled from
. i : 41 .1 . tni
lowed t .ncoeeded in supporting my-
DQU alarms. s.ssarass "'J Va MJ7 piVIXICUD VI iUJ
needlework. Two months before chanoe
had made me acquainted with you,
Melville,Ihad learned accidentally of my
husband's death in France. You know
what followed. To-day I learn, for the
first time since our marriage, that Mark
Dillon lives."
" Oh, God, oan this be true ?"
The words seemed wrung from the
very depth of Melville Austin's agon
ised soul. Staring first at his wife, and
then at the moody, crestfallen man be
side her, bis faoe expressed the keenest
intensity of mental suffering. And now
the icy oalmnees with which Dora had
spoken melted to a passion of seba.
Stealing toward her husband's Bide,
she murmureaL brokenly : " xsefore we
part, Melville, say that you forgive me
for being the cause of so much future
wretchedneea for having brought to
your noble heart a sorrow it has so little
deserved."
"Part Dora? We rassst not we shall
not part!'
He had drawn her to his breast, with
a wild, impulsive movement. At the
same instant the door of the studio was
suddenly unclosed, and a woman's voioe
cried out in dear, ringing tones, "Mark
Dillon lies, Mrs. Austin, when he dares
to call hirrnmlf your husband I I
wronged, deserted, outraged as I have
been, am none the less his lawfully
wedded wife, married to him seven years
ago in Manchester. Let him deny it
if he dares. You need not scowl and
glare at me," the woman went on,
hotly; "what I speak is the truth,
and I do not fear to utter it."
A low cry of rage escaped Dillon's
lips, as he sprang toward the woman
who had spoken. But with a blow of
iron Melville Austin's hand hurled him
backward. For a moment the villain
stared at his wife's protector with a
tigerish fierceness in his dark, danger
ous eyes, and then, like the coward he
rlr waa, slunk from the apartment.
And from the house, too, never en
tering it again. An hour afterward his
wife, Ellen Dillon, - followed him,
against the earnest entreaty ef Mel
ville and Dora.
"He will beat me when I return to him.
perhaps," she said, with a mournful
smile en her exquisite face, " bnt I must
go, nevertheless. It seems like a curse,
sometimes, that in spite of his brutality
and wickedness, I cannot hate Mark.
But whenever I think of our child at
home, I believe that this weakness is
all for the best. I can guard him
against imitating his father ; and who
knows what a son's influence may do in
future years?"
Her aad words left Dora Melville
grave and thoughtful for a long time
after her departure.
" That woman loves him, Melville,"
the wife murmured, at length, in slow,
musing tones "loves him in spite of
his villainous treatment. What a mar
velous mystery love is I "
- "Marvelous, indeed, Dora! "
" Did you really mean, Melville, that
nothing should part us not even the
knowledge of being another's wife
when you spoke so passionately just be
fore Ellen Dillon entered from the
studio?'
Her soft hand had stolen into his,
her tearful eyes were fixed upon his
own, with eager questioning in their
blue depths.
Melville Austin's answer was spoken
with unhesitating fondness : " I meant
that, if all the world had striven to sep
arate us, Dora, I should still have
struggled to regain you. Until to-dsy
I never have known the strength aod
power of my love."
His arms were clasped about her
now, and she was sobbing forth her
thankfulness upon his faithful breast.
Edoab Pon said : To vilify a great
man is the readiest way in which a
little man can hinuelf attain greatness.
The crab might never have become a
constellation but for the courage it
evinced in nibbling Heroules on the
heel."
A woman in Switzerland was recently
married to a man in America by proxy.
This looks as if it might prove to be
the first step toward a system of happy
marriages. The proxy experiment
shonld have a full and fair trial.
A sntMBBR of the North Carolina Irg
islatnre, in discussing a bill, asked :
' Mr. (Speaker, are we meu or jack
asses 7 Deverai jMorm uarolina pa-
pars are nnsDis to taxe sides.
.......
Spring Styles for Children.
For boys, we find the kilt plaited skirt
will be still in great favor for all under
lour or nve years of age, but the varie
ty in material is very great, and there
is a number of new styles of trimming
ana cutting, anirt whists of linen and
fine figures of cambric will be worn nn
der the open jackets of these suits, and
are made with wide collars, or a little
stand up linen collar broken at the ends,
wbioh iserr jaunty and dressy.
For older boys, the blouse suit is be
ing extensively revived in the more
fashionable establishments, made with
rolling collar to show the shirt fronts
and necktie, or closed to the throat with
a wide collar extending to the shoulders.
Sailor suits, and suits with a vest and
open eoat will also be in great favor.
Gray tweed, navy blue flannel, soft
cassimere iu all shades, cheviot and
fine cloth are all stylish and fashiona
ble materials for these suits.
The close fitting turban cap. with
wide broad buckle, the silk worn last
fall and a soft felt, are all in favor for
bolys' spring hats. Boots are worn.
above the ankle, closely buttoned, while
tne striped e toe lung is universally worn.
Shaded stripes, graduated stripes, and
solid colored stnsea are all seen and
the pants fall but little below the knee,
until the full youths 'suit is adopted.
For little girls the styles are still
more varied, but the combination suit
is the prevailing fashion. Silk and
serge, or silk and mohair, one of solid
oolor, one striped or plaid are shown,
and the out is but a reduoed copy of
the fashions in vogue for ladies. Navy
bine suits vary from the sailor costumes
of last season, by uniting solid colors,
diagonals, stripes or checks in the same
dress. Serge will be a favorite mate
rial, and is made up in suits both of the
same color throughout or iu combina
tion. Tne basque, sacque and over
skirt supercede the polonaise or tunic
in many of the imported suits for little
girls, and some of the most stylish cos
tumes are trimmed with narrow velvet
ribbons. All ever skirts are bouffante
at the back, three large pnffs being a
favorite fashion. Side plaiting is ex
tensively used for misses' dresses, and
the shirred ruffling is new and in great
favor.
Normandy caps will still be worn, but
are of new shapes, and flowers are being
extensively introduced into the trim
mings, tiny clusters among the '.
ruching, and buds or sprays in the faoe
l..immifiga
Striped stockings will be universally
worn and are sold to match the colors
of walking suits, in solid stripes, shaded
and graduated stripes. The low cut
ties will be worn as the weather be-
oomes warmer, and for these, stockings,
beautifully embroidered on the instep,
are offered.
White chip will be a favorite material
for girl's hats, but I have seen some
exceedingly pretty ones in Leghorn and
fancy straw, as well as colored chip.
For wee babies and little ones lust
running alone, the choice of white goods
is varied and beautiful. Embroidery is
the universal trimming, but it is impos
sible to describe the many ways in
which it is used. Flounces of fine
needle-work are in favor, and xuating
en tablier is also a popular trimming.
The materials are increased by many
novelties both in thick and thin goods.
AU the new garments for very young
children are high in the neck and long
sleeved. Tokes ef fine tacks and em
broideries are used for slips, to be
belted by wide sash ribbons and a tiny
puffed heading to long sleeves, is in
great favor. Standing males of em
broidery finish these yokes at the
throat,
Babies caps for street wear are made
in Normandy shape of muslin and lace,
and lined with delicately tinted silk,
white for boys, a turban shape of the
same material is extensively offered.
Cloaks of cashmere are elaborately
embroidered and lined with silk, both
braiding and silk embroidery being very
popular.
Slant Settles.
It is not always that geological inves
tigations have as their object phenom
ena which are of general interest, and
with which all are more or less familiar.
This il certainly the case, however,
with the study of the " giant kettles"
in the neighborhood of Christiana, Nor
way, which has been lately carried on
by Professor Kjerulf and some of his
students. There is hardly any running
stream in our country of any consider
able sise wbioh does not give proof of
the power of water and stones in motion
in what are popularly called "pot
holes." An eddy in the stream where
the current is strong-sets a few pebbles
in revolution. These oommenoe a de
pression, into which larger stones fall,
and the grinding is continued until a
cavity haa been produced perhaps sev
eral feet in depth, and almost perfectly
round. These are often to be observed
not only in stream beds, but also in
rocks on the sea-shore, where the rash
of the tide must supply the motive
force.
The famous "giant kettles" of Nor
way are simple " pot-holes " on a larger
scale, and proaacea in former times
under somewhat different conditions
than we have at present. The super
stition 'of the people represents them
as having been made by giants. In
some places, where the form is oblong
and irregular, fancy has seen in them
the foot-prints of these monsters, while in
one place, where the road goes directly
through a very large kettle, the saying
is tnat there at. Ulai turned his horse
around. On the west coast of Norway
another name is used, and they are
spoken of as giants' chairs.
The description of one of these ket
tles examined by Professor Kjerulf will
give some idea as to their size and gen
eral character. At the surface it had a
diameter of about eight feet, being
slightly elliptical in form. It widened
considerably in the descent, and then
contracted again at the bottom. It is
interesting to note that the walls were
distinctly worked out in a spiral, which
could be traced from top to bottom. In
the ease of some other kettles examined
the spiral was so perfect that the cavity
could be compared to the impression of
a gigantio snail.
The total depth ol tne Kettle in ques
tion from the highest point of the mar
gin was forty-four feet, the axis inclin
ing somewhat toward the west. It was
filled, as is always the case, with gravel
and broken rock, though toward the
bottom numerous, so-called grin ding-
stones were found, some of them 200
pounds in weight, and all smooth and
elliptical in shape. It was through
their revolution that the excavation had
been made. It required thr e men
working for fifty days to clear this giant
kettle of its contents, and the whole
amount taken out was estimated at 2,350
cubio feet, some of the stones being so
large that they had to be mined before
they could be hoisted out.
The kettles in general present much
the same feature as the one which has
been described, though there is a great
variation in ratio of width to depth,
many of thrm neing shallow, larger at
the top than at the bottom, and very
properly are called kettles, whileothers.
as the one alluded to, are deep, and
could better be called wells. It is to
be observed thst they are found by no
means necessarily in present river chan
nels. They are most common in the
neighborhood of the great fiords,
tnongn tney nave neeo observed at a
height of 1,200 feet above the sea. In
regard to their origin, the best antbori
In s rtfi r it to the time when tne land
was covered by enormous glaciers, such
as exist at the present time in the upper
part of Greenland. The melting of the
loe on the surface of glaciers gives rise
to considerable rivers, and as these find
some crevasse in the ice, they descend
with violence, and it is conceivable that
that suoh a stream striking the bed
rook below might be the means, with
the masses of rock they would pnt in
motion, of producing the enormous cav
ities vthich are now observed. This
theory, as carried out by its supporters.
meets with some difficulties, but seems
to be the best which has been proposed,
The art of Dress.
The Pall Mall Gazette, in a review of
M. Charles Blanc on the art of dressing.
says : " some of our readers will per
haps be surprised to learn that the
style of a lady's dress should depend
upon the shape of her nose, jnst as the
colors she wears must be chosen with a
due regard to her complexion and the
particular shade of her hair. If the
nose is classical the toilet must have a
certain style about it, especially when
the person's features and bearing are
imposing. Bnt what is style ? asks M.
Charles Blanc ; and he then proceeds to
tell us that this question may be an
swered by the first principles of decor
ative art namely, that there is more
majesty iu repetition than in alterna
tion, and more dignity in harmony than
in contrast. Few colors, lines that are
seldom broken, an air of simplicity even
in the midst of richness, uniformity of
materials, and quiet trimmings consti
tute a toilette severe. On the other
hand, different shades of oolor, broken
lines, novel trimmings, and the piqu
ancy caused by contrast are the charac
teristic features of a toilette de genre,
and would suit person with a " tip
tilted " nose, as Tennyson has it. or at
least an unclassical one, a pleasant-
lookmg countenance, or saucy eyes.
There are thus two extremes austerity
ana coquetry, or, in otner words, dig
nity and gracefulness as well as t
medium style, which may be termed
pompous eleganoe. M. Charles Blanc
compares the three kinds of toilet to
the three orders of architecture, and
tells us that by taking a little from one
and a little from another we can com
pose dresses that will suit any style of
features. A lady, however, in selecting
her toilet, should always bear in mind
that she must adorn herself in such a
manner that when people look at her
their attention, after resting a moment
on her dress, will become concentrated
on her person. In this manner the ele
gance and gracefulness ef a lady's at
tire will cause people to admire the lady
herself. How often have we heard it
said. ' We saw some magnificent dresses
this afternoon !' Now, if the clever
dressmakers who fashioned those robes
had exercised a little more ingenuity
the same people would nave remarked,
' We saw some very pretty women this
afternoon.'"
Feres try.
One-third of the land surface of our
globe is covered with forests. The
largest tree in the world is situated
near Museoli, at the foot of Mt. JBtna,
and is called "The Chestnut Tree of
Hundred Horses." believed to be the
oldest tree in the world. Its name
arose from a renort that Queen Jane of
Aragon, with her principal nobility,
took refuge from a violent storm under
its branches. At one time it was sap
posed that it oonsisted of a clump of
several trees united. But on digging
away the earth the root was found en
tire, and at no great depth. Five enor
mous branches rise from the trunk
204 feet in eiroumferenoe, the intervals
between wbioh are of various extent, one
of them being sufficient to allow two
carriages to drive abreast. A fig tree
stands on the northerly bank of the
river Johnstone, in east Australia, lat
itude 27 deg., longitude lol deg., near
Brisbane, measuring three feet from
the ground 150 feet, and at '55 feet,
where it sends off great branches, 90
feet in eiroumferenoe. Ia Bouyou
derch, near Constantinople, is a plane
tree measuring 149 feet in eiroumfer
enoe. The "Giant Bedwood Tree," in
Nevada, latitude 88 deg., longitude 129
deg., is 119 feet in eiroumferenoe.
There are thirteen ether trees standing
near it, measuring from 72 to 93 feet
in circumference. In Oaxaca is a
cypress tree measuring 117 feet in eir
oumferenoe. The "Grizzly Giant,"
the monarch of the Mariposa Grove,
measures 92 feet in circumference.
The Tulare Fresno Forest, so called
from its being situated in those two
oonntiee (California), extending 70
miles in length, with a width in some
places of 10 miles, consists mainly of
big trees with a multitude of smaller
-ones, measuring from 6- to 120 feet in
eiroumferenoe. in loss Jonn uova
discovered in Calaveras county, Cali
fornia, a grove of 103 trees, covering a
space of fifty sores, measuring from 70
to 96 feet in circumference. There is
an elm tree in the south of England
which measures 61 feet in eiroumfer
enoe. In Norfolkshire there is a famous
lime tree measuring 48 feet in eiroum
ferenoe. On the Hubbard farm, in
North Andover, stands a magnificent
elm tree, measuring 27 feet in eiroum
ferenoe. A barberry bush has taken
root in a notch thirty feet from the
ground, which can be recollected by
some of the oldest inhabitants during
their boyhood. At Hinghsm, near the
Old Colony House, is an elm tree
measuring 26 feet in cirenmierenee.
The Washington elm, in Cambridge,
measures 25 feet, and the big elm on
Boston Common measures 24 feet in
circumference.
Nude Statuary.
The modern sculptor has a hard time
of it with his portrait statues, it must
be eonf eased. - What is he to do? shall
he dress a gentleman as he finds him ;
go back to the toga ; or further back
still to the altogether natural man ?
Or shall he compromise with a cloak or
water-proof as in the case of the
savior of his country, expiating his
virtues in Union Square ? They have
the same trouble in .England as here :
wide Win. B. Scott. For centuries,
he says, the portrait statues of the
kings appeared in the Roman cuirass
with bare arms and knees, and their
statesman in the chlamys and toga.
"One last step only was wanting to
adopt the ideal autiqne and abandon
clothing altogether, and this was very
near accomplished toward the close of
last century. Canova's statue of Na
poleon, now in Apsley House, is abso
lutely naked ; and the stitue of Samuel
Johnson, in St. Paul's, is almost un-
draped, a single loose covering being
thrown so as to be only useful for the
sculptor's supposed artistic purposes
a ludioroas spectacle in a simply
rational point of view ; the stout old
gentleman, as he leans his liead on his
hand in his nakedness, seeming to be
saving to himself : ' What a sad case
thincra have come to with me at last.
standing before the public iu a state of
nature.' "
It is a matter of tra lition that tho
statuo of Washington, by Greenough,
in the grounds of the capitol at Wash
ington, is saying as plain aa gesture
and countenance can say : " My sword
is by my side, and my clot hes are in
the patent office" toward which he
points with majestic modesty. Scrib
ner for March.
A significant fact is the statement
that a firm in Wales tendered to supply
an English railway with 20,000 tons of
rails at a prioo which wonld not have
given them any prrttit., and yet the con
tract wae gaiued by a firm in Belgium
at 20 shillings per ton less than th
Welsh offer.
Coal on Inspection.
How the Kir Test Applles-Tba Plash
lnar Point The Bnrntnf Point
As ou is gradually heated, at a cer
tain point indicated by the mercury, it
will evolve a vapor. Applying a lighted
match carefully to the surface, and not
severely plunging it into the volume of
the oil, a feeble flash follows burning
on una penumora oi vapor, without
setting fire to the body of the oil. The
temperature at which this phenomenon
occurs is called the " flashing " or
"vaporizing" point. Raising the heat
a few degrees higher and we have the
same result, the flash growing stronger.
until, at 110 degrees, the body of the
oil takes Are and burns taking 110
degree oil for the experiment. If the
inspector does not burn off this vapor
witn its nrst appearance, letting it ac
cumulate, it gathers quantity sufficient
to inflame the body of the oil. at a few
degrees higher than its first appear
ance, and considerably below the cus
tomary inspection. But when an in
spector passes the oil as 110 degrees
test, it is because at that degree it ig
nites in volume. The vaporizing point
oi iiu degrees Known as standard coat
oil, and universally sold at home and
abroad ranges from 85 to 100 degrees;
an oil inspected as a 150 degrees will
vaporize at about 125 to 140 degrees ;
an oil inspected at 175 degrees will va
porize at 150 to 160 degrees. Now, the
custom ef all inspectors in the United
States, and we believe in Europe, is to
brand the oil according to the "ig
niting " point, and not the " flashing "
point ; the distinction being technical,
as there is flame and danger in both
points if loo low. All laws on the sub
ject have been so construed, and the
requirements of the entire trade have
settled upon that standard of testing,
and our inspector follows this method
of inspection, approved and followed at
all the trade centers.
An oil which will vaporize under 110
degrees is unsafe. Even putting the
flashing point at 110 degree, would not
make the oil safe against the con tang
ency of tipping over a lamp and spill
ing out the oil. If the oil splashes in
contact with the flame it would take
fire nine times out of ten. Bat take an
oil of 175 degrees, whioh will flash at
say loo degrees to lbtl degrees it would
put out the flame like water in snch a
contingency, while there oan be no
danger from explosion, as the heat in
the lamp is never suflloient to evolve in
any vapor.
The larger proportion of explosions
attributed to coal oil belong to gas
oline. The rascally reporters won't
draw the distinction. And so with the
fires, coal oil haa to stand the general
censure, while this white-face, unolea-
ginous. "gas-like. " non explosive.
Blips in and retails at a higher price
than a genuine 150 degree test kero
sene. The trade has become immense
in it, and all the warnings as to its in
flammability and general dangerous-
nees do about as much good as the
daily telegram of some servant girl
killed by hurrying up the fire with coal
oil. its sale cannot De stopped oy any
law. The attempt was made to incor
porate prohibition of the "light oils"
in the present law. but the judioiary
committee decided that they had an
indefeasible right to buy them as well
as gunpowder, and take their chances
of being blown np. They could only
require tneir onaraoter to De pranaea
on the package.
An oil of 150 degrees test costs now
at wholesale bnt one cent per gallon
more than liu degrees on, wtuie i io
degrees test has got hammered down to
five or eight cents above the common
standard. It would seem that this
slight difference, when oil is cheap,
should not be regarded by the con
sumer. ist. 1j9ux Democrat.
The Forms of Fear.
In various characters fear assumes va
rious forms. Home children, who can
brave an external danger, will sink de
pressed at a reproof or sneer. It is our
business to guard against the inroads of
fear under every shape ; for it is an in
firmity, if sufered to gain the ascend
ancy, most enslaving to the mind, and
destructive of its strength and capability
ef enjoyment. At the same time, it is
an infirmity so difficult to overcome, and
to which children are so excessively
prone, that it may be doubted whether
in any branch of education more discre
tion or more skill is required. We have
two objects to keep in view: tne one, to
secure our children from all unnecessary
and imaginary fears ; the other, to in
spire them with that strength of mind
which may enable them to meet, with
patience and courage, the real and un
avoidable evils of life. For the first,
there is no one who has contemplated
the suffering occasioned, through life,
by the prevalence of needless fears, im
aginary terrors, and diseased nerves, but
would most earnestly desire to preserve
their children from these evils. To this
end, they should be, as far as possible,
guarded from everything likely to excite
sudden alarm, or to terrify the imagina
tion. In very early childhood they eught
not to be startled, even at play, by sud
den noises or strange appearances. Ghost
stories, extraordinary dreams, or other
gloomy and mysterious tales, must, on
no acoount, be named in their presenoe,
nor must they hear histories of murders,
robberies, sudden deaths, mad dogs, or
terrible diseases. If any snoh occur
rences are the subjects of general con
versation, let them, at least be prohib
ited in the nursery. Nor is it of less
importance that we should be cautious
ourselves of betraying alarm at storms,
a dread of the dark, or a fear and dis
gust at the sight of animals. The
stricter vigilance in these respects is
required because, by casual indiscretion
on our part, by leaving about an inju
dicious book, or one alarming story, by
once yielding ourselves to an emotion
of groundless terror, an impression
may be made on the mind of a child
that will continue for years, and mate
rially counteract the effect of habitnal
watchfulness.
What to Teach the Girls.
Give them a good common school
education. Teach them to oook a sensi
ble meal, '"each them to wash, ison.
darn stockings, sew on buttons, make
their own domes, and a decent shirt.
Teach them to bake bread, and that a
good kitchen saves many a oent from
the apothecary. Teach them that one
dollar is worth one hundred cents, and
that he alone is saving who spends less
than his income, and that all others
who spend more must finally become
poor. Teach them that a calico dress
paid for looks better than a silk one with
debts. Teach them that one round,
plump faoe is worth more than fifty
consumptive beauties. Teach them to
wear good strong shoes. Teach them to
make purchases and then calculate
whether the bill accords, Teach them
that they but ruin the divine image by
wearing tight corsets. Teach them
plain common sense, to trust in and help
themselves by industry. Teach them
that one honest mechanic, in shirt
sleeve, although without a cent of prop
erty, is worth more than a dozen of
richly-clad and bifalatin idlers. Teach
them to work in the garden, and to en
joy free nature. If circumstance will
permit, teach them musio, painting and
all the fine arts, but give them to nn.
derstand that they are matters of sec
ondary importance. Teach them that
for promenading walks are bettt-r than
drives, and that the wild flowers, indeed,
are full of beauty for hint who atten
tively considers them. Teach them to
despise the mere appearance of things,
and that whenever they ssy yea or nay,
they in honor mean it. Teach them
that conjugal happiness is not depend
ent on external decoram, nor on the
money oi tne nusband, but simply and
alone on his character. These things
having been instilled, and they having
understood them, then, if the time has
arrived, have them marry without mis
givings ; they will find their way along
onaiaea.
Publicity.
Arthur Helps, in his book on Social
Pressure, says a gopd thing which is as
applicable to America as to any spot on
tnThahitahi. lv. - A
lnrka in th low. f Tmblimrv hTr.
oomes to be a besetting sin, sometimes I UI "iU" saetHrons or oases or diatomace
even of the greatest minds, and which I ons plants and radiolaria, the silioious
leads to falseness, restlessness, and to
a most dangerous desire always to stand
well with that public, which is sure.
very soon, to be made acquainted with
ail that the lover of publicity may sav.
or speak, or intend. Publicity iB also a
great absorber of that time which might
be much better spent. The desire for
knowing everything about everybody
what he or she thinks, or says, or does.
on any trivial occasion occupies now a
large part of the time of the civilized
orld, and must be a great hindrance to
steady thought about a man s own con
cerns, and about those subjects whioh
ought most deeply to interest mankind.
stupid kind of gossip becomes the
most pleasant and most absorbing topic
lor tne generality oi men. i do not
agree with a certain friend of mine who
has told us that 'the folly of mankind
is a constant quantity ;' but I do admit
that this iulsome publicity I have de
scribed is one of the facts which speaks
most in favor of the view be has been
takMMT. If Dnbuiiitv could be rierf ect.
there would be less to be said in its
disparagement. If every one wore his
heart upon his sleeve, we should at
least get nd of falseness, and the world
would know with whom and with what
it was dealing. But a studied publicity
is very dangerous. When all people
know what they may say or do is likely
to be made publio, they will dress up
their sayings or their doings to meet
this appalling publicity. And that
whioh they deem will not be pleasing to
the public, though it may be the thing
of all others whioh the public ought to
near, they will carefully suppress.
A Nameless Spell.
There is a oertain air about the most
agreeable lady in full dress that is formi
dable even to her husband. I have seen
the spell on him as her toilet pro
gressed, until royally arranged, the
admired of all admirers, in the festive
crowd, he subsides into comparative
insignificance, and has to pinch himself
to be sure the divine creature of art is
really his lawful wife bone of his bone
and flesh of his flesh. He may con
sider himself lucky if it is not as much
of an enigma to ber. It is easily per
ceived then how difficult it is for a
single man to make advances to a lady
at a party. His condition is still more
pitiable when one lady, more venture
some than the rest, essays to " draw
him out." The leaves of the sensitive
plant do not close more suddenly and
effectively to the touch than does every
pleasant thought and subject of con
versation vanish from his mind 1 He
answers her brilliant sallies in mono
syllables with a perfect funeral coun
tenance, and she gives it up as a hard
task. No one oan desoribe his relief
when a bright, sensible woman crosses
his path. He takes to her as birds to
sunshine, and the society belle makes a
note of it in her mind with surprise
akin to cariosity. It is entertaining to
hear one of these fellows expatiate
upon such a godsend. He does it some
thing in this way: "I was bored to
death at a party, when this good wo
man came along. Before she opened
her mouth I felt at home with her, and
when I heard her original remarks and
charming sallies of wit I was captured
quite." Ten to one that paragon of
her sex set that man to talking of him
self, and tfrfe evening thus wore quickly
away. Herein lies a double moral.
ladies.
A Heroic Young Glirl..
A few days ago, at Aylmer, Ontario,
an event occurred in which two children
were the actors but in whioh the high
est attributes of human nature were
displayed and a heroine of seventeen
years closed her career, having done
that wmcn hundreds of ner sex pass
through long lives without achieving
she showed that she bore " a likeness
to the mighty dead," and could claim a
kindred with the great of old. A young
girl named Popps, seventeen years old,
is working in the house, nursing, who
oan say over what? and keeping an
eye on her little brother who was play
ing upon the ice on the creek. The
little boy falls into the water ; instantly
nis sister, careless oi danger, runs to
pull him out and is drawn in herself.
What does she do ? Think of herself ?
No ! She calmly tells her little brother
to climb onto her back and get out.
He did so and was saved, but, in doing
as she bade him, he pushed her under
the ioe, under which she drifted five or
six yards, and, of coarse, when taken
out was quite dead. What a noble
girl t Gonld any hero whose name shall
live forever in story do more than she
did ? At her age she knew well the
peril, but boldly ventured life, and love
and youth to save another, tshe died
exemplifying the crowning act of man's
salvation and while we mourn over
the loss of so fine and noble a spirit,
there is a mournful satisfaction in
knowing that such heroic devotion still
lives on earth. 2bronto Globe.
A Sav aok Huad-dbbss and Shield.
We were shown this morning, by Mr.
Tom OBrien, the paraphernalia of aa
xuuian recently aiiiea on xevii s nver
by a party of stock men, Mr. John
Patterson being the man who assisted
the Indian to shnffle off his mortal ooiL
The trappings consist of a head dress
of feathers, beads, etc., to which a trail
of red flannel was attached, adorned
with eagle feathers, and long enough to
have swept the ground. It is a gor
geous piece of architecture. The
shield has several buckskin coverings,
very artistioally arranged with plumes,
staffed birds, and a liltle buckskin fig
ure of a man, which is supposed to be
an idoL In the middle of the shield
rtunclAR the flaxen acalrj of a white
girl, worked in with beads and tied up
with blue ribbon, like the braid of a
school girl. San Antonio (Texas)
Herald.
Thk Canadian Pacific Railboad.
The preliminary surveys for the Cana
dian Pacific railway are rapiply ap-
nroaehina- comoletion. and the actual
construction of various sections of it
will very shortly be in progress. In
the government estimates lor next year
there is an item of $6,250,000 under the
head of " Paciflo Railway," and on the
occasion of its discussion in committee
of supply, the premier indicated what
the government proposed to do in
furtherance of this undertaking. A
telegraph service is to be established
alnnir the entire route in advance of the
railway, and $1,000,000 is asked for that
DarDose. The contracts for this are
already let. Two millions of dollars is
for the Davment of the large purchase
of steel rails recently made in England
by the government ; 50,000 tons of the
best steel rail were secured at me av
erage rate of $49. 80 per ton, which is
cla med to be a lower rat t han iron rails
were sold for during 1873, and a little
more than half .the price of steel rails
during the same period.
Deep-Sea Soundings.
In lecturing recently before the royal
society on the Challenger expedition to
the North Pole. Professor Knxlev ad
verted to the work which it was expected
would be done in reference to the dis
tribution of life at the bottom or the
deep sea. The first instrument whioh
successfully brought up portions of
1 V LL 1 1 CI- T 1 T
"J cur "" xvoss
in inln. WWV.TiiiA-1 h-af !untain mf fAtrwaHa
Sir. Edward Sabfne. rTh7 result
their observations-microscopical exam
jnations being then urjmown-had not
been exactly preserved, but subsequent
soundings a little further north an
that the bottom was entirelv mad.
mnw neing ooiainea irom tne
water
by the action of those plants, whioh
cover the surface in places like a thick
scum, we have thus a silioions Dole-
cap, extending to about 55 degrees, and
it was not without reason thst when in
1839 the admiralty fitted out an Antarc
tic expedition Humboldt suggested that
attempts should be made to ascertain
the existence of an Antarctic cap of the
same nature a conjecture which was
perfectly verified. Between these two
zones Ehrenberg, so long ago that his
merits were apt to be ignored, had
demonstrated that the greater portion
of the sea bottom was oomposed of
globigenna marl formed by the deposit
of organisms similar to those now liv-
log. Whether at the bottom or not
was a point whioh he would not decide.
for Professor Wyville Thompson and
some of his colleagues were at issue on
this point : bat if so. certainly at the
surface also. One remarkable fact was
due to the Challenger investigations
only namely, that below a depth of
aoont 14.UUO feet, instead ol the well
known globigerina day, there was a red
mud, which on chemical examination
was found to be the same substance of
which only about one or two per cent,
was discoverable on the globigerina
mud a striking instanoe of the power
of the infinitely little. Another strik
ing fact was the identity of the green
sand now forming in certain parts of
the deep sea with the green sand long
known to geologists. In conclusion the
professor, without entering into any
f into any
- 4.mA - -. t ::. i ,
controversy Wlth physicists, who said
the forces formerly at work on the
rat on ths
earth must have been greater than now.
was content to affirm that within the
time of whioh they had any record there
was no proof that they were ever any
greater than now. This grand truth
had been first elearrV maintained by
q,- i. v -..il ;n .tnm t.rtt, i "
Sir Charles Lyell, in whom, though he
was unshla tn he with them, vet as-e
had not lessened the force of his intel
ligence or the vivacity with which, up
to the age of eighty, he followed the
progress of knowledge, and who bad
lived to see the heresy of his youth be
come the truism of his old age.
HelL -
The word " hell." a translation of the
Greek word Gehenna, is a term used to
designate the valley of Hinnom. This
valley bounds Jerusalem on the north,
and lies below Mount Zion a scene of
sacred and imperishable associations.
In this valley Moloch, the national god
of the Amorites, was worshiped with
the horrid and inhuman rite of sacri
ficing children in the fire. When
Josiah, in his conquests, overthrew this
idolatry, he poured contempt upon the
infernal practice by easting, into the
valley the bones of the departed. In
the estimation of the old Hebrews
the bones of the . dead caused
the greatest of all pollutions. What
ever person, place, or things they
touched were forthwith considered
"unclean." Hence this valley of Hin
nom, this " hell," having been tne re
oeptaole of the human remains whioh
Josiah threw into it, was considered
place the most polluted and ao-
cursed. From this eirountstanoe it be
came a common receptacle for all the
refuse of the city of Jerusalem. Here
large quantities of decomposing veg
etable and animal matter were con
stantly thrown. This putrescent matter
generated an abundance ef worms ; the
worms here never died. To prevent
the noxious effluvia, springing from
this mass of corruption, poisoning the
atmosphere and breathing disease and
death into the heart of the city, fires
were kept burning day and night. This
valley, therefore, was literally a place
where "the worm never died, and
where the fire was never quenched."
Rev. Phelps.
The New England Sabbath.
In 1646 they made a law in Massachu
setts, that if any one " contemptuously
behaved toward ye word preached, or
ye messengers thereof. For ye first
scandale, to be eonvented and reproved
openly by je magistrate at some lec
ture, and bound to good behavior ; and
if a second time they break forth into
ye like contemptible carriage, either to
pay o into ye puoiic treasury, or to
stand two hours openly upon a block
four feet high, on a lecture day, with a
paper affixed on their heart, with this,
A Wanton GosramuEB, written in capi
tal letters ; ye others may fear and be
ashamed of breaking out into ye like
wickedness."
In 1677 the general court ordered
that "a cage be set up in the market
place of Boston, and in such other town
as the county oourta shall appoint,
wherein shall be put, to remain till ex
amined and punished, any one breaking
the Sabbath." Officers called ty thing
men enforced the observance of the
Sabbath. The law provided that, as a
badge of offioe, they should have a
" black staff of two foote long, tipt at
one end with brass, about three inches."
This staff soon came to have a feather
stuck into one end. with which to tickle
the noses of drowsy sinners, while the
end tipped with brass enforced order on
the nates of unruly bo vs. In this man
ner was the congregation kept attentive
during the sermon, wmcn generally
lasted about an hour and a half, meas
ured by an hour glass standing on the
pulpit.
Thb Worm of ths Stilt, and its
Mysthrious Meandertngs. The best
joke on the distillers occurred when a
party belonging to tne united mates
coast survey struck Murray county.
The party, as usual, chose a steep hill,
and then erected tneir neid glasses ana
instruments for surveying the adjoin
ing country. The distillers took it
into their heads that these instruments
were designed for the express purpose
of spying out hidden still-houses, and
for fifty miles around that hill they
took up their stills, bitched up their
teams and made tracks. Some of them
didn't stop until they had put a whole
oounty between themselves and those
machines. For a man in store clothes
to attempt to buy, beg, borrow or steal
a drink of whisky in that country ia
about as easy as to obtain water in the
great African desert. It is impossible
to find a man who has seen any within
the last five years. Let them be satis
fied that he is " all right " and he will
have more offered to bim than he oan
drink in a year. As long as a commu
nity is at peace, very few distillers are
caught. When a quarrel arises, or
some distiller kicks some fellow out of
his still-house for getting too drunk,
that's the time for the government.
The party who cons ders himself ag
grieved turns informer, and the distil
ler is arrested.
M. D. Conviat tells of a lady in one
f the manufacturing towns of Great
Britain who recently hail her attention
attracted to the window of a millimor's
shop by a beautiful and very ex-
pensive rrencn bonnet, and she in
quired the price : she was told it was
such an expensive bonnet." said
lady, upon which the milliner said,
is a joint stock bonnet that is. it be
longs to three factory girls, who wear
It rv tnTna nn xtnnday.'
England and India.
1 vendor. enrwMnnnnVnt of . W-
Y?rJL Tribune informs usthatthepnnce
I . " . - :
? Wal?" P?" np . ln"
dh? f0"-"' M 7,!
SJf.lTS aZJJ".
minister, who is of eastern descent, and
.7"? ui .uggnaoD, ca-
ited as being the originator of the plan,
bnt, whoever may be its author, these
is significance in it. No sovereign of
UrngiaBd bas ever yet visited this vast
dominion, and it is quite well under
stood that it is no spirit of restlessness
or adventure nor a love of travel and
change that impels the future king to
urn nis isoe ana bis feet eastward,
xne purpose unquestionably springs
from a knowledge of Russian aggres-
axuu into central Asia so vividly and
successfully exposed by Mr. Eugene
Schuyler in his recent report forwarded
to Secretary Fish, the publication of
wmon Dy our government bas excited
eo moon interest in diploma tio circles.
xne lonrnev of the nnnee is a rammi.
tion of the depth of this interest, and
the idea is to bring him into personal
relations with the vast multitude of
bis fnture subjects in India, and esne.
cially with the great princes, whose de
scent is more ancient than his own, and
whose hold upon the people is still
strong. He naturally wishes to stimu
late and strengthen their loyalty to the
British government, as well as to take
a personal view of the eastern situation,
whose somewhat startling oomDlicationa
have been disclosed by Mr. Rchnyler.
The oolonial system of England has
for a long time provoked much discus
sion among ber statesmen, many of
whom have taken the broad ground that
England would be greater without her
colonies than with them. So great a
mind as rjydney smith s adopted this
view, and, when it was proposed in the
nritisn parliament to appropriate a
large sum for the development of India,
. ...... . 1 " :: '
i uo autacu m uin ut ma BtruuKeBt essays I
it ,an
; .. . 0 - i
build up a prosperous and powerful
empire to be wrested from her by future
wasmngtons and rrantnns.
.rending our struggle for independ
ence, the ministers of Geortre III.
I"""". VKr
. a.1 . a. 71 a. A A 1 1
i boos oi uie amencan colonies wouia oe
n. tllA fatjl . x.niftj.i1.t
I 7: - . . : . " "
the sun of Britain's glory would then
set and forever. "Would you ask a
mighty giant." said the ministry, "to
shrink voluntarily into a feeble and
puny dwarf?" Bnt our independence
annieved, and instead of diminish
ing the power and eommeroe of England
both were augmented. Instead of leav
ing the mother eountry a dwarf, it left
her as a strong man, from whose shoul
ders a burden had been taken, being
more active and vigorous than before.
Okiotn of ran Woeb " Pbotxstant."
-A ootemnorarv aava that with the
month of April is associated the de
rivation and dissemination in a formal
and official manner of the designation
of Protestant. The Emperor Charles
the Fifth called a diet at Spires in
1529. to request aid from the German
prinoes against the Turks, and to ad
vise means for allaying the disputes
growing out of fjuther s rebellion
against Catholoaism. The diet con
demned the reformers, and issued a
decree in support of the doctrines of
the ancient church. Against this de
cree six Lutheran prinoes and the dep
uties of thirteen towns of the empire
formally protested on April 17, 1530.
From this act the designation of Protest
ant, whioh was then given to the follow
ers of Luther, is derived. The Calvin
ists were subsequently included, and
the title became general for all the sects
outside the original Christian church.
The six protesting prinoes were John
and George, the electors of Saxony
and Brandenburg ; Earnest and Francis,
the two Dukes of Lunenburg; the
Landgrave of Hesse, and the Prince of
Auhalt.
A contest, novel in this country.
however common abroad, has just been
decided at Paterson, New Jersey.
There a number of English mechanics
out of employment bave been amusing
their leisure in rearing and training
carrier-pigeons, and the first match in
this country was flown the other day.
Seven birds were entered to fly an
average distance of three miles. The
time made was not considered fast.
The winner of the first prize made the
distance in something over three min
utes, and one bird was over eight min
utes in reaching its cote. The first
prize, under an old English custom,
was a large copper kettle of little value
pecuniarily, but greatly esteemed as
the emblem of victory. The test was
merely a prelude to a grand match in
wbioh some two hundred pigeons will
be entered to fly ten miles. Home of
the birds to be entered have a record,
hcving distinguished themselves in fly
ing between London and Paris.
To Measure Corn tn ths Ear. A
farmer asks how to measure oorn in the
ear, or in the crib or bin. There are
several rules for tois, but the most com
mon is what is called the 28 inch rule
that is, upen the presumption that a
box 1 foot square and 28 inobes deep
will hold one bushel when shelled.
This rule applies only to the dent or
gourdseed variety of oorn. The cubical
contents in feet are first ascertained,
and this multiplied by three and divid
ed by seven, which will give the bush
els of shelled oorn of fifty-six pounds.
Thus a crib that is thirty-twe feet long.
eight feet wide and thirteen feet high
in the average, will hold 1,425 bushels,
and two of them 2,950 bushels. A
common wagon box, eleven feet long
and two feet high, would hold 28 bush
els corn in the ear. Another rule for
the farmer's boy is to reduoe the con
tents to cubio inohe. and divide by
4,032, whioh will give him the bushels.
Mabt and Abbt. When Parson
Smith's daughter, Mary, was to marry
young Mr. Oranoh, the father permitted
the saintly maiden to decide on her text
for the sermon, and she meekly selected,
" Mary has chosen the better part,
whioh shall not be taken away from
her," and the discourse was duly pro
nounced. But when her wild young
sister Abby, was bent en msrrjing a
oertain Squire Adams, called John,
whom ner lather aisiixea, ana wouia
not even invite to dinner, she boldly
suggested for her text, "John came,
neither eating bread nor drinking wine,
and ye Bay he hath a devil." Bat, says
Colonel Higginson, no sermon stands
reoorded under this prefix, tnongn AoDy
lived to be the wife of one president of
the United States and mother of an
other. Insurance business seems to be a
favorite refugefor the confederate lead
ers. A southern correspondent of the
Svraouse Courier writes : " Jeff. Davis
is, I believe, president of an insuranoe
company ; Wade Hampton is in the in
snranoe business at Baltimore ; Beaure
gard is engaged in insurance and street
railroads, 1 understand, at newuritauii,
and Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, who sur
rendered to Sherman, is president or
manager of a company at Savannah. I
fouml a son of Gen. Dick Taylor, and
grandson of old President Zch Taylor,
oondnotor of a Pullman car running
from Jacksonville to Louisville.
SATIX6S AMD U0IKGS.
BsAnr TrsHTTS.
the x a. -r-l' "i!
It I Woo at onr dinner-tal.le aite.
And ns'sr his babble intermits.
Bat pratee of mush and whea'sn grits.
Ann "mean amount of phosphorus.
He alwavs airs his favorite theme,
Nor earee a pennv's toss for us.
But rails at beef with " Pooh !" and Pish !"
And calls for ood and other fish.
Honing to gain bis dearest wish
l tie mean amount or pnospuoros."
Oh ! that he'd ehanee his board Ins plaoa
"wonld snrelv be no loss for as
Bnt there's one consolation yet,
His star, ascendant, soon will set :
Some time hell die, and then he'll get
ilia mean amount or phosphorus.
A " xirooxxB-cp and window-tickler
from three to seven " advertises that he
will wake London people cheap.
Mask TwAiif denies that his Gilded
Age was a failure. He says it gave a
poor, worthy bookbinder a job.
Ahothsb half million of Tweed's
property has been attached in West
chester county, New York.
Thu latest eastern slang with whioh
to Dome down on a long-tongued bore
is : " Write the rest down on a piece
of paper, and well read it Sunday."
Own vouns? man who resolved at the
beginning of the new year not to smoke
any more cigars bought his second box
of clay pipes yesterday. He Bays he
will stick to his promise if it takes every
clay pipe in town. Be brave, young
man, and hold on !
Dbt times in Michigan. The artesian
well at Arian bas reached a depth of
1.000 feet, and there is still no water.
Only the fact that the well at Fort
Wayne, Ind., ia 1,500 feet deeper and
just as dry keeps the originators of the
Michigan enterprise from seeking the
seclusion offered by the farthest west.
What shall be done with an Indian
who kills another Indian, there being
'no law for the punishment of that
crime, is a painful inquiry made by the
Christian commission. The Now York
Herald answers, "Give him a gun, a
quart of whisky, a string of beads.
and 85."
Teb New York saloons pay half a mil
lion dollars a year to the city, and take
I . . ., r.'
" uanj-wue, iuiiiiuiib iu mo miuq kiiuo.
Th- officials and the irrave-dia-irera
" . . . . .
wear good olothea and smile- sarcasti
cally when the strides of temperance
are referred to in their presenoe.
Apropos to the notion of putting
clocks in all the principal streets of
Paris, all combined electrically to give
a uniform hour, the Figaro says : "This
is the last work of progress, and Paris,
as usual, is in advance of all cities."
But Brussels had this pieoe of progress
ten years ago, and copied it from old
fashioned Ghent.
The women of a Colorado'town got
up a suffrage meeting the other day, do
men being admitted. No business of
importance was transacted, however.
because some invisible miscreant let
down a live rat through the skylight.
and, amid shrieks and screams, the as
semblage suddenly adjourned.
A iiabatthb novelty has arrived in
New York in the shape of a steamer of
1,380 tons from Gothenburg, in Sweden,
called the Bj frost (Rainbow). She is
built of the best Swedish charcoal-made
iron, and the ribs and beams are steel.
Her furnaces only oonsume fifteen tons
ef coal a day. She is brig-rigged with
five bulkheads and two decks.
M. Loboebxtj. of the French Assem
bly, has excited the French apotheca
ries. He says they sell for twenty-five
oents a medioine which costs them
about a oent and a half ; bnt they say
the medioine costs them at least twice
as much, that is three cents, and they
seem to consider it an outrage that any
one should thus question their right to
a profit of 800 per oent.
Tee removal of foreign substaneas
from the ear may be often accomplish
ed by doubling a horses hair in the
form of a loop, and, placing the patient
upon the side, passing the loop into the
ear as far as it will go, then turning it
gently. The substance will generally
oome out in the loop after one or two
withdrawals. The application will do
no damage if the hair be carefully used.
Two thousand years from this year,
when the compiler of ancient poetry
stumbles upon these mysterious lines,
which are now aroing the newspaper
rounds, he will wonder what they could
possibly have meant :
I held a hand at " draw,"
And thinking it worth while,
I "blinded" half my pile:
And with triumphant smile.
He "saw."
I drew one card 'twas red ;
The other four were spades.
Straightway that fellow wades
For ms with three old maids
" No oed."
Rich blue velvet with garniture of
the finest Russian sable, satin petticoat
trimmed with bands of diamonds and
large diamond tassels, aod trains of
velvet." That was what the duchess of
Edinburgh wore at a royal drawing
room in whioh she made her finest ap
pearance. Note the use of the terms
bands of diamonds ana "large dia
mond tassels," and then imagine the
magnifioenoe of the display.
An Indianapolis detective, being
sworn, deposes and says: -reari
chinned me to fake this house-work; this
was not at the Sheenys. He told me
to oheese it on the Sheeny, as he had
given him away. I then asked him
what kick-up he and the Sheeny had,
as my mob had split on me and left me
without a flnneft What a great Cali
fornia poet that man would be if he
had a chanoe.
The bonds of the Suez canal com
pany are on the London stock exchange,
with a statement of the financial condi
tion of the company. . During 1873 the
receipts were l,uuu,uuu, and tne ex
penses 225,000. The dividend of that
year was three and three-quarters per
oent. The oost of the canal waa $95.
000,000, of whioh the Egvptian govern
ment paid $32,000,000. The business of
the canal ia constantly taisreasing. and
far-sighted people nse its success as an
argument for the building of a ship
o nal across the isthmus of Panama.
The Indianapolis Herald haa been
watching the Ohio temperance move
ment longer than any other paper, and
it saya : In Washington, Ohio, where
the whisky crusade first took shape,
there are now fifteen drinking houses
two more than when the movement was
organized. The paroled barkeepers are
all selling again except the famous Van
Pelt, the noble proselyte, who knocked
in his own kegs one evening, to the
ringing ef bells and the praises of
women, and then took the field for tem
perance. He ia in jail for getting
drunk.
The CzjEver Bonapabttsts. A Paris
correspondent writes: "The Bonapart
ists cleverly selected " the 15th of Au
gust, a fete for Frenoh Catholics, as the
fete of the Napoleons. The churches
are then filled, and all France has the
air nf nravinff for the imperial family.
In the evening there are fireworks in
honor of persons bearing the name of
Marie, and the Bonapartisto, of course,
set down all this expenditure of gun
powder to the acoount of the Aapo
leonio dynasty. The violet being also
appropriated as their emblem, they
have confiscated to their profit one of
the most popular fetes in Franoe and
one of the most favorite flowers. There
gnnrna datarmination, however, not to
tolerate this monopoly, and for soma
days ladies of nil parties bave been
wearing violets."

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