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ADVERTISING EAT&-, T CANTON MAIL. Ona wjnare. tau lines, on insertion. .. 1 tj trh nutwaqaent insertion ?' ;r Is of or, rqnars ou year 55 ;rls of two sqiuraj on year. 2 JJ? Jne-nfih of a column on yr 3v One-fonr-h of m oolumn on' year...... 4 00 Jnc 'third of a eotatnu on year........ 65 O0 One half oolumn one year... SA W Oue celtimii on yaar 15 W Nrtiaes in local eotamnauuerUd for 20 cant per line for each insertion. No proof of publication of lgl adVerttea. menta will bs dale until our f-e ia nettled. Announcing candidates for Htate and ilii-triot office, f 15; anil for. county omi-c. tl'l. fttajriage a:id a-alIii.pntNrthet ? Oi.i'.-, atiM hr-'l aw a-lvr'i-,' . , H EMM!ETT Hi. ROSS. Emmett L. Boss & Co., Proprietors. For form of imnnnl let foota aoataat; WbatenrM bast admlniatered is bast.' Terms: $3 00 a Year. TERMS OF ST7B3CItIPriOS. rr mmm rrar In dvtiiri ..H..3,IHi srM- frr M aot la 4rMM. 3 SU Kr ilr iniMM. lit ! l.ftV VOLUME XI. CANTON, MISSISSIPPI, JANUARY 22, 1S76. NUMBER 29. HOW THE LEAVES CAME DOWN. I'll tell rati mom tha leans tut down, Ima gtaat Tim to kia eaiUfaa mid : " Yoa're getting sleepy, Yellow cod Brown, Yea; very sleepy, little Baa ; It ia aaita feisae yoa went ta be.' - "Ik I'Wgced each sUly, Boating leaf, " tat aa a little Imm May ; Dear Father Tree, faaaaU aav grief, - -'- Tia aaca a Tery plraaaat day W do aot wast at ga away. "" - ' " 8a,ast (or one men ajerrv may Ta taw great Tree the Wavta ehiag,' " -froUekeaTaad danced, sad kad tkeir war, ijpon im .senna Dreeses rwaag. wojaperug all their Parkape the great Tree wUl forget ... ad let as Mar aatil the Spriaa, If we all beg, and liner, aad fret." Bat the great Tree did mo eaeh thing; He lail.il to bear their wfaiepetiag. Coate, ehfldrea, all to bed ! he cried ; Aad era the leaves smilrl area their prayer, ate shook kia head, aad far aad wide, Flattering aad rnstliag evary-wkere, . Dewa aped the leaflets throagk the ail. I saw the : oa the gi sea J they lay;" ' Ooldea aad red, a saddled ewarsa, - Waiting; till aae free far away, . w kite tMOetataes heaped apoa her area. to wrap them sale aad warm, j The great bare Tree looked dowa sod Hailed: -nOoed alght. dear Brtla leavee," be said, Ami froat below eaeh sleepy ehild Replied, GoMt night," and Bmnanred, It is as nice ta go to-hed." - HE WOULDirT THINK ' ' KiKdaeaa aad Xaglsct.- ... ,: ;.v , " r . " Cruelty very often sprinra from -want of thought. Many little child rea are cruel, and give much, needless pain, because they do not think; and pain thus given m but too surely fol lowed by scleas sorrow' and unavailing . I will tell a story of two lads a troe story, my dear children to show you the fruits of neglect, and how one with many good qualities may from want of thought become very, very cruel. These two tads were not brothers, bat very great friends; and living with in a few hundred yards of eack other, were almost alwavs together. Their -names were- Charlie Mason and Harry Thorn. One day when Charlie was playing with hia friend in the garden, . Mr. Thorn came to them with a box under hia arm. Mr. Thorn was very fosd of both these little boys, and he always treated Charlie as if he were his son and Harry's brother. - Sitting down upon one of the gar- - dan seats, Mr. Thorn' placed, the box nposi his knees and bid the boys come to him. They came and sat down apoa the grass bv his feet, with their eyea fixed upon the box, and wondering very much what was in it, yoa may be sore. "Now, my 'dear boys," said Mr. Thorn. "I see by jour faces that you are longing to know what is in this box ; and I will not keen yoa in suspense you may peep in. He raised the lid a little, and they looked in and saw two little rabbits nestling in some straw? Such a pretty - sight it was, those two little things, with their delicate fluffy coats and pretty beads with long ears and bright eyes. The boys were charmed, and they cried out with delight. " What dear little things, pap !" ex claimed Harry; " I never saw anything so nice. "I hope they are for Harry, sir," said Charlie " I should be so pleased - to help him feed and keep them clean, and to eeo taem playing about the hutch together." "One is for Harry" replied- Mr. Thorn, "and the other is for you: not before 1 givejinem to you 1 have a ( H nd th ho, took ,. fl- ' tworabbTui by the ears! and lacing "2 ",1 w,tn h,m- them gently on his knees, hel5 them ft' wa? rt J5 . . -. ... . r , i ..i i, : i i . , , j One morning Charlie received an ui- J - -Tm JT - TIC" . r ! . rV L1 .u ?,'t t I ' ".'re" U1"." J"" ! CTknarCcXrwTnaTa -. . 1 1 j .. . . ! tun in the open air, a tea in the even much as yon and 1. 1 wash to imprcHP . ... . . . , ,. i iing uuder the lime trees, and alto- .rTu 'I':" .'"uu;,rew' i X,T 'r ' 8 a i i plenty of room and food, keep ! meir anicnes nraii, x aire nruerea i . . c-.u .u . -ii i two of Smith, the carpenter; one will , i i e r ' ,. , be left at your house, Charlie, and tW eSr rtJ TTarr Jill K fiw.iK.Kfr ' , ' - j i . - . - , Z rf11 K h"'i:h, lor Hkww-rLt 1 ' I l h?F " alTthe J U rL7 , 1 "T ' na inere w roam for more if Master Harrv shouW wish to keep them." M-fv.nb u:.i. - i r iCt JJT i. PHY 1 horn ; " it ta a very nice hatch indeed. And the carpenter went his wav. -I have a few more instructions to tv1: - rlLtTtnefet ntotlTem too often. I not give them too much green food"; . little Sndelion and milk- fu-i :.u . -.;. , i thistle with a fair supp ly of bran- f Z tHuXtlL T A TJPA wulonly 1 ?1TV1 PbTf SFXJ hese httta creatures with the careful ado. umru, wuue jt. i uorn was vet i j '-- . j 'y -r t . tenoerneaa tney ue-erve a uv.ng thmg. given into your charge by their Creator. The one with the black ears is yours, Ciutrlie; the other belongs to Harry. Treat them well." -The buys promised to be very rareful of their petn, and Charlie was very Tliarl! tK vihr kplnnM trt loud in dm declarations. lie said he would never be otherwise than kind to it. We shall see how he kept his i word. - i - Harry was buny all day finding a j nice place for the hutch, and fixing it. i He placed h close to the wall, out of I the way of-the north and east wind, and covered the top with a piece of coarse oilcloth, or tarpaulin, to keep 1 the rain out. Then he collected for it ' a little green food, and put some bran in a saucer and placed straw in the , corner, and left it for the night, looking ' very snug aDd happy. Charlie carried home his little treas-' ure, and there found his hatch waiting : or him. He fixed it as Harry had done, bat not with the same care: he ; F" w toe urn piace nandy,and never for a moment thought ef the wind, east, W5tL 5"1b' or BOUth- did he V? t r"iu' buh'ft h hutch with the hare wood expoaed to all weathers. 1 1 . ineed not point out to you, my dear children, how wag the beginning of a thouehtles. neglect which ended very badly and cruelly. . the ...... wu was: here But he was, nevertheless, very fond of his little pet, aud was up very early next morning to feed it. The little creature was waiting for him, and pot its nose through the Mrs to nibble the food he brought. Charlie was de lighted ; and when it "had eaten it breakfast he took it out of the hutch to hold it in hia anna ta cai-ma it Th ) little creature was perfectly tame, and ! .1 l 1 - l: 1 " -e i j imunt vjubv w uis wnmu aa-ij it fovea him. I dare saw it did. After he had breakfasted himself. : Charlie ran off to see his friend to tell him how happy he was with his pet. j He found Harry busy cleaning the ' bottom of his hutch and putting the i rabbit's bed in order. "Cleaning itT exclaimed Charlie. Well I declare I forgot that. " It ought to be done very often," l replied Harry; "papa says that unless j rabbits are kept very clean they become offensive, ana I intend to clean mine every dav." "So will I." said Charlie: " but I do aot think it will matter if I eave mine until to-morrow. Yea 1 will be sore to I clean out the hutch to-morrow. " Better do it to-day," urged Harry ; but Charlie said it was too far to go home just then, and he would leave it until to-morrow. One injunction from Mr. Thorn he obeyed that day he fed the rabbit three times, and gave it small quanti ties of food ; but on the morrow ne did not dw so. He was very late out of bed, and ran down in the garden to see his pet, just as the breakfast bell was ringing. Hastily gathering a heap of mod he opened the door and thrust it in. "I ought -to Clean the hutch," he thought ; M but I have not time now. Papa will be angry if I am late at the breakfast table; I will do it by-and-by, or to-morrow. , Bat the by-and-by came, and he did not clean the little creature's home. It was holiday-time, and he went as usual to Harry's, house to play. His friend had been up and out very early, and his pet had been well cared for. Char lie looked at the trim hutch and well arrangecl food and straw, and his con science pricked him. " I am sorry," he thought, " th tt I was so late this morning; but I will at tend to' my rabbit to-morrow the hutch cannot be very dirty yeC Thus he reasoned with himself, and he was very wrong to do so ; he was smoothing over wicked neglect, as too many of us do, alas! every day. He stayed at Mr. Thorn's house all that day. In the afternoon Harry reminded him of his rabbit. " It is about feeding time, Charlie," he said. - Charlie did not want to go home es pecially to feed his rabbit, and again found an excuse. - "I gave it a great deal this moraine," he said, "Jand I do not think I oughtto give it more. Mr. Thorn said that over-feeding was bad for it." " But it ought not to have the whole day's food at one time," said Harry. "No, I know it," replied Charlie ; "and I will be more particular to-morrow." A few day's passed, and Charlie did not improve. The slovenly way he at tended upon and fed his rabbit was very wrong, and I am afraid the poor little creature had a bad time of it. The hutch was dirty, with stale, with ered cabbage-leaves strewn about it, covering the saucer where bran had once been put, but where, alas! none was ever seen. The bran had . to be fetched from the house, and it was so much trouble to get it. "I am sure," thought Charlie, " t!iat jthe green food will do for it to-day to-morrow 1 will bring out some bran Ever thue'. yu dr 4er to- vitation to spend the day with another schooWeUow who lived a few miles off to celebrate a birthday. There was to P.'enty of gether it was to be an enjoyable day. Charlie WM ver? much Pleased, and wpnt R , ; v..- 1 1 r :. i i 1 . very light heart. His friend bad sent - Z; r, i , j r,k the carnage for him, ana Charlie was r i e . ,. ' T, . v.erT "de- He wassorry that Harry was not going, but Harry i was not invited. iik next muruuie ue w as very ennr ' "Mr. Thorn's hou, telUng Harry all 'alx - ut the capital gkme of cricket he ha.l.andtheWesT.e had run, and The recital of these amusements and .L , , !he dttcur.n afterwards took a long ' time, and it was nearly twelve o clock "he Thorn cam7 in to take the ! It rv . i . i 1 VT out 7pery two hours : eruShrnCuftS i rlLTtT ; 55.1 ,,r,U"U',t tattMiegMr. . Jmk,ndI? TTtK Vx to them. At two o clock they returned , bome f ,uncheoD. that mu-t feed his'rabbit. Ax 1 f. br ' "AVeyou un wellT asked" Mr. Thorn the ,K)T MxuUMW. on . 1 ... ..ohf 8ir- cried Charlie, covering ! hiaai with hi, hancl, j' rf 1 1 ,.... wn , . . 1 . . . ..... f uiu i iorgoi to ieeu u tiiw nioniinir. and aud" He hesitated a moment then the whole truth burst from his lips. ! forgot it yesterday too." "And oh I have been so cruel. I "This is very sad,." said Mr. Thorn, rising hastily ; " but it may not be too late to save the poor little tiling. I will go with you. Harry bring your bag of bran with you." Harry hastened to fetch it, and they all went down to Charlie's garden, Soon they came within sight of the hutch, and the boys ran hastily forward, Charlie was the first to reach it, and with a trembling, eager face he peeped through the bars, All was still. "It may be resting in the straw," he said, as he unfastened the door with feverish hand. "It was very fond of Ivino- down in the corner." lie opened the door mid looked in. ; Yes, there it was, resting among the straw ; but the rest it was taking was ; the last rest of all poor hunnv was dead ! . X III r I I J MKJl 1 1 1 lfj Mill -1 1 . Thorn, who had come up behind, tak- ina the little creature in h hands : ; tu- is very sad ami vr-rv pitiful, but Jem, y.ir W,u here, mid U- kinder J and U'-lli-r in the tiimr to come." Charlie promised, and I am sure my readers wdl be glad to learn that he kept his word. He buried his little pet with many tears, and Harry helped him to make the grave. Above it the boys raided a rough little monument, and Charlie, bent upon not losing sight of his great fault, had these words painted on it " STARVED TO DEATH ! " and this he read daily until he got his lesson by heart, and had taught himself to think. He had further cause for regret when he saw how Harry's rabbit thrived. In time it had some little ones, and these gave the boys much pleasure. It -as very charming to see them running about the hutch and climbing about their mother, who was patient and kind, and very careful of them. . Charlie had a secret longing to have one of these little things; but he dared not ask for it--he was afraid that neither Harry nor Mr. Thorn would care-to trust him with it. But one morning he had a very delightful sur prise. Mr. Thome sent for him early, and Charlie came, thinking that he was going for one of their frequent strolls in the lanes and wood. Mr. Thorn, however, wanted him for something of a very different nature. " Charlie," he said, "do you remem ber your poor rabbit ? " . Charlie hung us head and tears came into his eyes he could not help thinking it very unkind of Mr. Thorn to recall a subject which was very pain ful to him. : : "I see how you feel," continued Mr. Thorn ; "but I am not about to re proach you ; I leave all to your con science ; bat I am about to "place an other under your charge. It is one of Harry's young ones. Will you take care of it? 4 . . - . " - Mr. Thorn held it towards him ; it was the very counterpart of the one which had met with such a hapless fate. Charlie turned a grateful look upon mm, and promised to keep it well. He kept his word and under his charge it throve and became a very nne specimen of its species, and in time the sorrow Charlie felt for his first loss was softened. ' But he never forgot it, or the lesson it taught hiin. The poor dead neglect ed rabbit lying dead on the straw.open- ed his eyes to the value ot lite, even in the humblest of God's creatures. Young readers, will you learu this lesson with him? A little kindness often goes a long way towards giving happiness to poor dumb creatures ; the meanest thiujr, if taken in charge as Charlie's rabbit was, ought to be cared for, not only for the animals sake, but tor the owners also. Kindness gives pleasure to the reciever, and will bring forth good fruit to the giver ; neglect causes pain, to the object of it, and sor row and remorse to those who are guilty of the fault. E. H. Barrage. OUR FOREIGN TRADE THE EXHIBIT FOR THE FIRST ELEVEN MONTHS OF 1875. The monthly returns of the Bureau of Statistics, given in our last issue, en able us to ascertain the volume of the foreign trade of the country for the first eleven months of the past calendar year. The November merchandise movement shows a decrease, compared with the same month of 1874, tjf ?1, 550,194 in the imports, and an increase of 6,358,322 in the exports, while, in the specie movement of the month, there is an increase of $l,037,Wi5 in the imports and a decrease of f 1,700, 958 in the exports. Taking the movement for the eleven months, we find the imports of mer chandise and specie combined to coin pare as follows with the same period of the two preceding years: i m pouts roa iLivm mouths ekdixg kov.si 175- 1S74. 1K73. Merehandiae,t47l.iS7,Sv8 t52S.2S8,ii22 til,x(tt,ati0 Specie l,M,l2 13,UU,iihri 27i,K Total 34te.494.700 V8,4U,d tm,3S7.0M Dficreaaeoti 74, S4.VlH,aM. Decreaneoa "73. ut,M42,:4tt. The imports for the eleven months, inclusive of specie, aggregated 492,- 494,700, against $.538,413,308 for the same period of 1874 and 589,337,098 in 1873. For the same months of 1872 the year next precediiig the panic year the figures were $634,022,' 213; so that, compared with that pe riod, there is a fulling off amounting to $141,527,513, or at the rate of over 22 percent; which may be regarded as representing the shrinkage in the im port trade that has followed the panic. The exports of domestic produce for the eleven months amount, in currency values, to $502,732,099, against $552, 632,318 for the same period of 1874, showing a decrease in round numbers of $50,000,000, or in about the same ratio as the falling off that has occurred in irajtorts. In order, however, to est i mate the exKrt movement accurately, it is necessary to reduce the currency figures to specie values ; and we there fore avail ourselves of the sjecie vain atioiis made up by the Bureau. The exports of all kinds, specie included, expressed in gold value, were as follows for the eleven months, compared with the ligureeor theeorrespoiutingiieriml of 1874 and 173: XX PORTS, CJOI.D V A LIT K, FOR El.KVSM MONTHS fcft&KU MOVJCKHKH :t0. 1S7S. 1874. 1X7.1 iHHiieatle mer- clianlle...-t40.t'.VM ttlK,7:ll,OT SIHDJHI.IHB Foreign nidae 11113 H,.tl,llM 1U,25H,4K5 Domestic sne- "' 7.i0.rVJ7 M,7I7.;H4 ii,ll,-.lW( roreiKU liecir.. n,.i,wrf 3,h,u,tutf t,lKl.J!W .Total ...Jia'aoiMOi r.7.Wlj0l U67 ltr051 Iwreaae on 1X74 4I,3K.00H Drpie on lK7:i... ws,&V( Thus, the gold value of the exports for the eleven months shows a decrease of $44,5H,(KW cornered with 1x74, and of $38,83M,558 compared with 1873. The gold value of imjMirts and exports, sjiecie in Ixilh cases included, compares as follows: 1S75. 1X74. 1X7.1. Import II month slf)2,48l,700 tVlS,II:t.iirt J.ii.:t!7,iK Exports II month. r28,3&.l4:.S72,fMI,."l0l :,7 !!,' 51 F.xm of ex port WVW.7X3 S.AfiM,l9n Exoenaof Im port J2,llj,047 The exports last year overbalanced tlie imMrts by $35,858,793, and in 1M74 by $31,528,193; whereas, in 1873, the imports exceeded the exKrts by $22,145,047. This iiiirttiit change in the trade balance since the panic ix due to the fact that we are now no lon ger paying (or large amount- of im portation bv the export of securilirs. y. V. DuUkin. Thk Kmpcior of China is ready a collection of grand y i lie liiiied l the euteintial. .'citing i)tr- to PLANTATION TOPICS. HINTS FOR JANUARY. If system and method are necessary to secure success hrthe workshop, the manufactory, and the counting-house, it is no less so for the same purpose on the farm or in the household. Days are usually counted by working hours everywhere except on the farm. The artisan, the accountant, the banker, the mechanic, and even the day labor er, well knows how many hours consti tute a day. But the farmer least of all computes time in this way. This is one of many failures upon the farm which can only be obviated by the owner him self becoming exemplary as to system. At no time in the year is it better to begin methodical labor and plan, than in January. Once begun, and laid out for the successive months, these plans can and will become quite feasible, and their adaption more natural and easy than their rejection. Firs then, every farmer should at once look to his fencing, and where tenants are employed they should be counselled and advised on this subject,, andanot forced. The compulsory pol icy is disagreeable, futile, and will pro duce failure. ' Manure should lie hauled out, spread and covered. Thrown in heaps to be leached by wind and rain, it will scarcely pay for the trouble of hand ling. .But covered either lit the drul or broadcast, it will decay into mould and become plant-food in seasonable time, lotton seed had netter lie rot ted in the manure heap than taken to the field green in January. Sheep and cow lots should be ploughed every weex to prevent baking by spring winds, if not sowed, as they should have been, in small grain in !the foil. No stock should be allowed to remain exposed to wintry weather in pens at night, nor in daylight if the weather be wet. ' Food fed to the cattle, sheep, hogs, orplouch- stock under shelter during foul weather in the winter time, is strict economy ; and provender thrown on the ground to be trampled under loot, (as is too often seen in the south,) is shameful extravagance. Stables, cow houses, and stock lots, should be well littered this month. Much manure made in this way in January and February will pay to be put under cotton in March and April. Let every larnier see to it, that Ins wife's garden is looked after in Janu ary. lilacKen the earth with manure, and plough or spade under. As soon as a day can be had when the land will work easily, sow in drills a bed ot spring turnips and a bed of English peas. Cover the rows of peas with cotton seed to prevent tlie earth's freea ing. They will die and become plant food to the growing crop. Fork over and broadcast the asparagus bed with salt. Plant a few rows of parsnips and carrots, and towards the last of the month sow onion seed and plant onion buttons and a few rows of rad ishes. Lettuce will do well, unless February is a very cold month. Irish potatoes may he planted in January, if utter is at hand to cover the bed a foot deep or more after planting. Orchard and shade trees should be trimmed and transplanted, as also all kinds of berry roots and cuttings. Experience teaches us that fertilizers had better be scattered for summer crops at the time of sowing the seed. Broadcasted iijmiu small grain in Febru ary just after a rain, they will pay bet ter than if sown with the grain. Small grain of all kinds, unless the warm month of November and part of December made it stool out so as to completely cover the ground, will be benefitted by being harrowed - with a two-horse iron-toothed harrow. : Phos phates sown ahead of the harrow will ne nicely covered. These hints, of course, are depend ent upon many contingencies. If January should prove to be, as it often is, a very cold, frozen, wet mouth, much that is here suggested must be postponed. If labor emmet be had for January, the chances must be jtken for future effort. But all things working well, there is nothing suggested above that cannot and should not be done, and well done, in January. Rural Carolinian. REST FOOD FOR SWINE. What would be considered the best food for swine in summer would not answer the same purpose in winter. In summer, such food should lie given as would keep the animal in an im proving condition, and would cause it to lay on a little fat, but not so much as to cause it to sutler from the heat, as a fat porker undoubtedly does. Cool ing foods, such as plenty of young clover aud bran and middlings slop, is what we use much of, not forgetting to give regular and abundant supplies of fresh, cool water. In putting up swine for exhibition purposes, we have tried many different kiuds of food for the fall exhibitions, but have found none so desirable as a slop made of corn and oats ground together, one-third of the former, by measure, to two-thirds of the latter. One ot the best ways to prepare it is to scald it at night and feed next morning; put ou the mass only enough hot water to thoroughly moisten it, and then cover up the Imrrel tight, so it can steam well, and make the mass mellow and nice by morning. If it is found undesirable to scald it, moisten the mass with water and then put in one or more pans of sour milk thick milk or clablier to cause it to sour by the time it is used. We use lsith or either plan, and find them Ixith good. As an ordinary summer feed, we have found this food to answer almost all purKses, though we do not feed so high as when feeding the animals for exhi bition jmrjioses, as exjx-rienee ha" abundantly proved that breeding Ftoek should not lie very fat, only in a healthy growing condition, to insure healthy, vigorous idl: ; i inir. The refuse from the truck nineties, such as tomatoes, j cablmge, etc., come nicely into play for I summer lissl in connection with the above slop as do apples, (windfalls) I liears, etc- Aiif'rirttn Siriitr ami Ioul- try Journal. i COMFORT OF FARM TK'K. 1 Does the average farmer realize the real import of this one word, comfort, as applied to the various animals of the ! farm, and especially that most useful of all others, the cowr Is there fore ! thought to keep them comfortable du ring the cold ioirl storms of a rigorous i winter, when they depend Un man so i much more than at other seasons? The animal which is of greatest profit to its owner, w hich uicrcasrs most in hulk or j flesh, gives the most milk or dues tin ' most work, is that one of easy di pori ' tion in comfortable circumstances. The profit aud interest of all formers and stock owners would be promoted, as well as kindness engenderd by study ing to promote the comfort of our stock. There are a variety of ways in wnicn this may De done to the econo mizing of our own profit. The follow ingalimts may serve as a guide to others: - First in the list I would nlace regu larity in everything, especially in feed ing and watering.- When stock are fed at irregular intervals, they con sume more, w ith less profit to them selves or their owners; they are con stantly on the lookout for a new sup ply, and a constant uneasiness is the result.. When there is a stated hour for feeding, and regularity and punc tuality is strictly observed the ammal's appetite is regulated in accordance; the food is taken with a relish, and when eaten the stock, are under no anxiety till the next feeding hour comes around. -. Instead of uneasiness, there is a ruminating quietness, which is always favorable to good and per fect digestion and assimilation. All animals ((even the filthy hog) are na turally cleanly; therefore they should be kept clean. Cleanliness is antagon istic to vermin life, as all vermin seem to thrive in filth. Most animals are fond of being caided and rubbed, when done gently; this not only pro motes cleanliness, but also tends to keep the skin loose, and, healthy, and the pores open and free. The office of the skin is to perform some of the most important functions ot the body through, its. pores' much matter is ex lided that might otherwise prove det rimental to health. . Therefore it be comes' evident that if the pores are clogged, by being covered with filth, they cannot .perform this office, and health suffers, accordingly. . Keep all the animals clean, then, by suitable bedding, cleansing their stalls and pens. and by carding, rubbing and wash ing, where necessary. A good bed of dry litter, straw, meadow hay, sawdust or the like, with a well ventilated, warm stall, or pen, promotes comfort; wonderfully, and also cleanliness of the animal, fetalis, stables, and pens need frequent cleaning, daily at least, iu winter when occupied. - Means must be provided for conducting off all liquid voidings where it may be used as a fertilizer for the soil. In pleasant weather stock should be allowed to spend a few hours daily in the open air and sun, as continued confinement to the stall is irksome; sunshine is stimulating to ail the natural func tions, is better than medicine, and es sential to full health. All stables should have more of it, especially those tor horses. Kindness to animals in every respect is as highly appreciated, apparently, as aiuong the human family, therefore keep the animals in good humor your self. The man who makes a practice of judiciously fondling his stock in the yard or stable, has a more orderly, good- natured stock than he who cannot pass the bv, without venting his spleen by a kick or curse upon some poor, unof fending brute, la the one case the ani mals are all rejoiced to see him, and are quiet among themselves, f eldom crowd ing each other, except as to show then appreciation for their master and keeper; in the other case they partake of the disposition of master, are cross, hook and kick each other ; and itstead of expressing pleasure at the appear ance of the owner, are apt to partake of his disposition, returning his greet-' ing in kind. Ineretore keep the stock comfortable by kindness in every respect and at all times. nJt. trhUe, in.Cou)itry Gentleman. HOGS WANT SULPHUR. Whether hogs require sulphur as an essential to health, or whether it is sought bv them as a condiment, niav . I . 1 rx . .1 not oe aiscoverea. cut one ining is true, they devour it with greed when ever it is to be found. It is for this Iiurpuec, probably, that they can eat arge quantities of soft coal, which con tains a large amount of sulphur. Per haps this is the most economical method of supplying hogs with sulphur during winter, when they require a good deal of carbon. But in summer it is best to feed it to them in substances which contain less carbon, on account of their producing less heat. Mustard is one of the best things for this purpose, and some of it Should lie sown in evervnas- ture into which hogs are turned. If hogs are kept in, or are in small yards, it is well to supply them with the wild mustard that grows in the fields or highways, or to cultiate some of the better varieties for them. They will eat its leaves, its flowers, seeds and stalks. Home oJurnal. THE CHEAPEST MANURE. If anything has been made clear by the dear bought experience of the few past years, it Li that our impoverished soils will no longer give us remunera tive crops without manuring. How to restore and maintain their fertility is then a question of vital importance. A writer in the Country Gentleman says, that the cheapest manure ob tained undoubtedly is in green croiis turned down. It is also one of the best of general fertilizers and is what is usually wanted; this is clear from the fact that it is reproducing a crop. The difficulty in the case, he says, is that the land too often is run down so as to lie incapable of growing a heavy vield. Land moderately rich, there fore, is an advantage; and if still bet ter, will proportionally increase this ad vantage. It requires a pretty good soil to grow n heavy crop of clover, iieas, corn, the grains, and other products, without any aid. Luckily, plaster will generally benefit clover and peaa, two of the rankest growers, if favored, and containing rich material. And this is needed, with still other aids where the soil is quite poor. He illustrates the benefits of green manuring by narrating several in stances. One is a case of gravelly soil. sowed the past fall to rye, and turned down iu the spring for corn. The corn is an unusually good stand, grow ing two cars of corn to a stalk. It was done bv one of mv licigliltors. a market gardener, w ho had occasion to use large quantities ol manure, which he obtains the best wav be can usual ly by purchase'; a little he also makes himself, lint the chcaiest way he says is to turn dow n green crops, clover, rye, etc.; and he is a very careful olwerver. But there is an instance of still great er eiicecss ; something new, and it sur prised me in its result. It was the turning down of a seeding of clover, a vear old and heforc it had formed a stalk. The land is an island on the river Hats which had been put to broom coin for over twenty years, 1 am told without manure, exhausting- the land at last, so that in working it farther in broom corn proved a loss. It was, therefore, determined to change the crop, and oats were put upon eight acres of the laud, which was then seeded to clover to enrich it. The crop of oats was a fair one ; the clover took well, and covered the ground well bv fall. In the spring fthe latter part of May) the land was ploughed and put; . with the rest ot the island, to broom corn. ' This was not so intended when the clover was sown, but to grow a crop the second season and turn down. It was said to be a mere waste of seed in the case of the young seeding. Kut the result was altogether different. The corn grew up dark and rich, and promises to be a superior crop, while that on the land immediately adjoining is small, uneven and ailing, and will not vield, from present indications a third of a crop. The oat crop -could not have been the cause of this, as the oat is a severe ex hauster of the sou. It must then have been the clover, or rather the roots of the clover. This becomes evident when we consider the growth of this plant, which the first year makes, as has been authentically ascertained, three and a half feet; only a few inches more the second. Besides, the strength is at once appropriated by the longi greedy corn roots, ere the nitro gen can escape. - A Norwegian Wludery. On a small island opposite to the town of Wadso, in the extreme north of Norway, there exists an establish ment the like of which is probably not to be met with in any part of the world. Its most appropriate designation would be, perhaps, a - slaughter-yard for whales ; and Mr. Foyn, its proprietor, conducts the business of capturing and cutting up the monsters in a manner peculiarly his own. Instead of fitting out the usual-sized vessels intended to make long voyages and bring home only the most useful parts of the ani mal, Mr. Foyn employs small one hundred and fifty to one hundred and eighty tons screw steamers, shoots his fish with a cannon, and has them towed back, one by one as they are captured, to the shambles at Wadso. As the fishing grounds are within easy reach of the latter, the steamers, as a rule, secure and return with a prize within twelve hours time. With re spect to the cannon employed, it is a gun having a chamber about four feet long; this is mounted on the forecastle ot the vessel and being very accurately balanced, can be easily moved to allow an exact aim to be taken. The pro jectile in use consists of along iron bolt. having at its extreme end. tour harpoons bound round with a line so as to be flat, and close to the harpoons a five to six pounder shell. As soon as the steam er has approached Bnffjgjentlv near to the hsh aud whales oft that part ot the coast are not over-shy, allowing a vessel to come within shot the bolt is fired off, and, if well directed, pene trates deeply into the flesfuuid blubber of the animal. The whale then nat urally rushe. off at a furious pace, thinking thus to elude his pursuers. Unfortunately for him, I however, no step could be more suicidal, for the effect of his rapid movement is to make the bolt slip back a little, thus setting free the four harpoons from the lines, and by means of a mechanical arrang- ment causing a shell to explode, l his generally proves the rovp de or are, kill- T .1 V 1 . 1 . . 1 ' " 11 mg ine nsn outngni ; dui occasicnaoiT the animal is not sufficiently hard hit and its capture is not so easily effected, as it dashes away at a tremendous speed, dragging the steamer after it. Curran'g Ingenuity. A farmer attending a fair with 100 in his pocket, took the precaution of depositing it in the bands ot the land lord of the public house at which he stopped. Having occasion for it soon afterwards, he lesorted to mine host for payment. But the landlord, too deep for the countryman, wondered what he meant, and. was quite sure no such sum had ever been lodged in his hands by the astonished rustic. After the ineffectual appeals to the recollection, and finally to the honor of Bardolph, the farmer applied to Cur- ran tor advice. " Have patience, my friend," said the counsel ;" speak to the landlord civilly tell him you have left your money with some other per son, lake a friend with you, and lodge another hundred with him in presence of your friend, and then come to me. He did so, and then returned to his legal friend. "And now 1 can t see how I am going to be better off for this, if 1 get my second hundred back ogam. But how is that to be done ?" " Go and ask him for it when he is alone," said the counsel. "Ay, sir, asking won't do, I'm afraid, without my wit ness at any rate." " Never mind, take my advice," said his counsel, "do as I bid you and return to me." The farmer returned with his hundred, glad to find that safely in his posses sion. " Now, sir, I must he content, but I don't see as I'm much letter off." " Well, then," said the counsel, " now take your friend along with you and ask the landlord for the hundred iioiinds your friend saw you leave with him." We need not add that the w ily landlord found he had been taken off his guard, while our honest friend re turned to thank his counsel exultingly with both hundreds in his pocket. Scientific Appearances and Reality. In his latest book ("Ziele und Wege der heutigenEntwiekelungigeschichte") Professor Hax-kvl, the great apostle of revolution in Germany, announces the discovery of the following law : " In all the magnificent scientific institu tions founded in America by Agassiz, the following empirical law, long recog nized in r.urope, has liecn firmed, viz: that the scientific work of these institutes and the intrinsic value ot their publications stand in a inverse ratio to the magnitude of the buildings and the splendid appearance of their volumes. " 1 neet only refer, lie adds, "to the small and miserable in stitutes and the meagre resources with w hich llaer in Konigsberg, Schlcideu in Jena, Johannes Muller in Berlin, Liebig in i lessen, Virchow in urz burg, Gegcubaur in .Jena have not only each advanced his seeial science nirtst f xtensivelv, but have actually created w spheres lor them I 'nm pare w ith these the colossal cxpcnditiii c ami the luxurious apparatus in tlie grand insti tutes of Cambridge, 1 Leipzig, and other so called great univcr-ilics. What have lliev produced . ill proportion to their mesillS T IWl Mail Uairilr. AMERICAN SILVER. ITS .ENORMOUS PRODUCTION WHAT SHALL BE IX1NE WITH IT? Speaking of the demonitization of silver in Europe, a Washington letter of December 30, in the New York Bul letin, concludes as follows : The bearing of these facts upon the silver mining interest of this country is manifest, and begins to take definite form in the action of capitalists on the Pacific coast. It is a fact that a num ber of gentlemen from the Pacific coast, some of whom have arrived, actually propose and expect to carry through congress, at this session, a provision making silver coins an un limited legal tender in payment of all debts. , Only yesterday there was a dispatch from San Francisco to the effect that, by some mysterious new process of smelting, the business of Swansea and other ore smelting cities of the world was to be wiped out. The story of this inventor gains friends, as did the "mo tor" for Keely, nobody knowing any thing about it, but all" the miners say ing "he's got it." The silver mines in ' Nevada have ore enough in sight to keep all the miners that can work busy years, and with the appliances they have dis covered for getting it out, and the amount they are certain to put on the market for years to come, comes with the owners of the mines a great anxiety as to what they will do with it. They do not propose to make silver plated come down to near the value of plated ware, nor to sacrifice their bonanzas through over production that might bring reduction of price by any reason connected with the law of supply and demand. They are shrewd men who see the mints of Europe closing one by one against silver coinage. They sec in the Imperial demand that caused the pass age through one German house of parliament, as above mentioned, the bill that threatens any day the demoniti zation of the thaler. They see th threat of the Latin states, thrown out by the announcement of the Brussels Convention. And they see our mints turning out silver pieces as fast as the machinery will do it, in order that the silver clause of the Resumption act of 1875 may be carried into effect. And we are to have another mint hi the Mississippi Valley. We are sending trade dollars to "Asia, and they like them so much that we can not coin them fast enough. There is to be a proposition made soon in congress to make a trade half and quarter dollar of silver, and it will be likely to carry. So our mints will have all the work they can do to coin silver for years to come. Their entire hope is, therefore, in the United States. Thev are pro ducing silver ton after ton, and tney want it used. Now the currency we have in this country is the bone of contention as strongly as the negro was in 1858. They talk here of repealing the legal tender act, funding the greenbacks, and doing all sorts of radical things u the direction of specie payments. There are probably ten earnestly and strong ly urged propositions looking that way. And then the resumption act stands forward, possessing an imperative place in the statute books, to guide and di rect executive movements. The issue, therefore, lies between the Government and the miner of the Pacific. So long as the Resumption Act says'the secretary of the treasury shall accumulate silver and gold, so long will he be authorized and disposed to accumulate it. But neither ihe president nor the secretary of the treasury' believe in making silver coins a legal tender for more than $10. That proposition will be apt to be made law at this session. There are a good many little amendments of law, of great moment, to be made by con gress, touching our financial stem, and they will be made within three months, or the secretary will distress the country by accumulating silver and gold under the authority he has. The Pacific Coast people, having sil ver to sell, and viewing with dismay its present and worse prospective de basement and demonitization, are de termined to make the United Statesand Asia and Mexico take it and use it as the metal for standard coinage. The government officers look upon its de monitization as an evidence of pros pective profit in the proposed supplant ing of fractional currency by it. Dr. Linderman, director of the mint, and the secretary of the treasury, are es pecially pleased with the prospect of buying silver cheap for silver resump tion. But the Pacific coast people say they have the silver, that the govern ment wants it, and that it can lie easily put in the place of both gold and aper if congress provides mints to coin it fast enough, and ierniits its use as an unlimited legal tender or effective money at the customhouse and in jy ment of debts,. They say they do not use greenbacks except at a tliscouuf, and that they will furnish material for coin as fast as the mints can coin it, so that hard silver money may fooii lie come a fact. Chalk Marks. The most wretched poverty I can think of is to want what we are too stingy to buy. Money is oftener a master than "a servant. Everybody sems dissatisfied with their lot, but i( they should swap places with the first mail that they met thev would all lie willing to give something to lioot to trade hack to-morrow. Take the lazi ness all out of this world and you would take most of the sin w ith it. It ain't the man who can live well on the l-uol Lot the man who can live well on the most, who is the wisest and hap piest. All ieillHirni luiug nic i.-oui-tioti iii-oliel-1 v. and what is mine lo-dav in.iv be another's to-morrow. It ain't the fust nor the slow that oftenest win he race, but the iiiiddle-eaited. The man whose aim is only to make others laugh is one w hom it won t do to trust ; h ia na uncertain as a monkev. Idle ness weakens a man's soul as much as it din's his liody until the devil and disease .i;;.l the ttremiscs between them. How few there are who cau tell even the name of their grent-great-giand-tatlier. or know who owned the farm a hundred years ago that tin y own to dav. 1 notice one thing, that those persons who have an utter disregard tor iifv have a disregard for most everything else. Without curiosity man would lie but one peg higher than the hiuys uud fishes. 1 1 requires milch wisdom to distinguish Istv.eitl truth and falsehood, and fiome honesty to adopt the truth after we have found it. You can make money with one hand, but it takes both to hang on to it. Young man, don't work for nothing; you can't make money or even reputa tion by it. Fortune loves to be as saulted ; she never gave a whining cuss much ef anything yet. Truth can wait, but a lie is always in a great hurry. It is very difficult to find a man that is above his condition in life. A man ain't entitled to any more credit for havino- a ereat pediirree than he is for having caught the measles he can't tell why. If a man really de serves fame he neednt hunt tor it: it will hunt for him. It ain't so much lack of ability as it is the hick of grip that ails mankind. Adversity may ruin a man, but it gives him a chance to die game. There are some people who are lords and masters of their money, but most people are the serv ants of it. Young man, don't ask any favors of anybody : it is better to have the world owe you ten dollars than to owe them one. JoA Billing. Scarcity of Southern Farm Labor. It is always an ungracious task to recommend workmen who have noth ing to do in our over-crowded Atlantic cities to " Go West ;" it subjects the giver of the advice to the imputation of cheap philanthropy, while the ad vice itself, except in rare instances, is never heeded. The Bulletin, there-fore,-drops the west, but would say a good word for the south and the ad vantages it has to offer to all who are willing to labor. At this moment, as we learn from our exchanges, there is an urgent demand for almost every de scription of farm labor, especially throughout Mississippi, North Ala bama nd Tennessee. In Mississippi there is still an extensive area of cot ton yet ungathered, most of which, it is feared, will be left to ruin'in conse quence of the mere lack of hands re quired to do the picking. According to a statement in the Louisville Cour ier, planters are willingly paying four and five cents per pound for this work, which would yield to industrious men from three to five dollars per day. For day labor in other departments of farm work two to three dollars per day is paid. If the proper authorities in onr large cities would take the matter in hand it is reasonably certain that a vast amount of suflcring would be relieved by providing I he requisite facilities for immigration to the sec tions where this demand for labor ex ists. Once there, industrious laborers of steady habits would have no trouble in obtaining employment as societies are forming which will give places to as many good hands as may come. The subject is certainly deserving the attention of all who recognize that the best way to relieve the present de pressed condition of the lalior market, north- and east, is to transfer idle hands from places where they are in excess to those where they arc really wanted, and where they would be amply recompensed. New York Bul letin. Women who Never Wash. A correspondent of the London Standard writes: ' Those of your readers who have traveled to Spain have certainly re marked the (Hrty stripes on the necks of the lovely senoras ; no devout Span ish woman dares to bathe without per mission of her confessor. This aversion to cleanliness has come forward from the time of the anchorites, Sabinus, Pachominus, Beraoion and the other saints of the desert, and, iudeed, whole sects of that epoch condemned all ab lutions as heathenish, and were lauded because they wore their clothes so long that they rotted and fell oft of them, or because their bodies became as " pumice stone" from the crust of dirt ou it. The superstition that cleansing the body soils the soul exists to-day among the women of those Christian nations who have long carried on con flicts with the Mohammedans, on whom the Koran enjoins frequent ablutions. A female Bulgarian is permitted to wash only once in her life on the day before her wedding and in most south Sclavonian families the girls are rarely allowed a bath, the women never. I recall with a shudder the interior of the Montenegrin huts. When a woman offered me wine she always dipped her finger into it, the same fingers which had just been engaged in the chase on her children's heads, or which had been gently scratching the pig, the pet of the family, which is addressed by en dearing names. The adults squat or lie down, the children tumble about in the liquid manure which covers the floor of the hut, and many women are blear-eyed in consequence of the creo sote caused by the smoke, which can only escape through the door. The Princess Milena, as I have said, forms an exception. Let us Help One Another. This little sentence shculd be written ou every heart and stamped on every memory. It should lie the golden rule practiced not only in every household, but throughout the world.. By helping one another we not only remove thorns from the pathway and anxiety from the mind, but we feel a sense of pleasure in our own hearts, knowing we are doing a duty to a fellow-creature. A helping hand, or an encouraging wind, is no loss to us, vol is a lienctit to others. Who has not felt the power of this little sentence? Who has not in-eded the encouragement and aid of a kind friend? How soothing, when jierplexcd with some task that is mysterious and bur thensonie, to feel a'gentli; hand on the shoulder and to hear a kind voice whispering, "Do not feel discouraged, I sec your trouble let me help you." What strength is inspired, what hone created, what sweet gratitude is felt, and the great difficulty is dissolved as dew beneath the sunshine. Yes, let us help one another by endeavoring to strengthen and encourage the weak and lifting the burden of care from the wearv and oppressed, that lite may glide sinoothlv on and the fount of bitterness yield sweet waters; ami 11c, whose willing hand is ever ready to ni,l us will reward our humble en deavor, and ovcry good deed w ill IxA as "bread cast upon the waters to re turn alter many days," ii' not to us, to those we love. It.vi.i- W.u.no Emf.rsox, in an un guarded moment, asserted that the ac tivity of nuiiunls is marked by un 'rrin good sense ; and now he is asked if be never saw a luindle dog i.-iiMMng its t.iil. PARAGRAPHS OF THE PERIOD Among the California exhibits at the centennial will be a building constructed of pine cones. Beaks in Wisconsin are not going into winter quarters, the Indians say. This indicates a mild season, but makes it bad for stray calves and small boys. A little boy led his dog two miles recently to see If his hind feet would catch up to his front ones ; and still some people think juveniles haven't original theories. Steel rails sixty feet in length have just been cost at Pittsburg, Pa. They are the first rails of this length ever cast in any part of the world. ' A meteorite, weighing seventy hun dred weight, recently found in 6reen- land by Mordenskicld, the renowned geologist, m now on its way to Phila delphia. .... . A couple of fellows out west one living in Detroit and the other in Du buque have been engaged in a game of chess by mail for nine months. P. T. Barnum says he would give more for a drunkard who succeeded in business, as a public curiosity, than for anything else he ever exhibited. Evert Philadelphia girl with a spark of ambition about her nature expects to catch a lord during the cen tennial. Whew a stranger asked a Detroit girl whom he met at the party, if she was married, she promptly, replied : "Not quite, but I've sued three or four chaps for breach of promise. " The steam engines and labor-saving machinery in this country are com- Euted to be equivalent to the unaided ibor of one thousand million iiersons all engaged in the task of production. A petrified fore3t ha. I. '' ered in the desert of northwest Hum boldt, about thirty miles west of the Back Rock range of mountains in Nevada.- OlT of four hundred religious pub lications in the United States, the Methodists claim 47, the Koman Cath olic 41, the Baptists 35, the Presbyte rians 29, and the Jews 9. Is General Hancock's military di vision of the Atlantic states there are 238 oflScers and 1,833 men a fraction over seven men to each officer. Rather soft duty. Inhabitants of the planet Mars can make the tour of the world there dry shod, or in forty days if they have accomplished rapid transit. The land is not divided off into islands as with us, the amount of water being barely enough to form lakes. There is a prospect that the price of paper will be considerably reduced by the introduction of the cactus leaf as a material for its manufacture. A trial has been made, with satisfactory results, the quality of the paper pro duced being pronounced superior to that now in general use. Milton's house in Westminister is still standing, although slightly altered. We believe that William Hazliti lived in the house for some time, and that he caused the tablet to Milton's memo ry, to be fixed to the garden front of tlie house, which now looks toward the Wellington barracks. A woman writing to the girl about getting husbands, thus puts iu a word for the large and healthy dunder heads : " Ixiok out for physical health and beauty tor the sake 6f the race. Do not bestow a glance on the pale, dysjieetie, cadaverous biped; shun him as yoii would a pestilence." Be sparing of your truth, "fherc are many "philosophers" in the world who think like the oue who says: "I never yet heard a man or woman much abused' that I was not inclined to think the better of them, and transfer any suspicion or dislike to the person who appeared to take a delight in pointing out the defects of a fellow-creature." As cool a person, under the circum stances, as was ever heard of was a young nobleman, who in a frightful railroad accident, missed his valet. One of the guardians came up to hiin and said ; " My Ivord, we have found your servant, but he is cut in two." ""Aw! is he?" said the young man with a Dundreary drawl, but still with anxiety depicted on his countenance, " Will you he gwood enough lo see in which half he has gwot the key to my carpet bag T" The Centennial At the recent dinner given to the vis itors from Washington at Horticultural Hall, on the centennial grounds at Phil adelphia, the following statement was made showing the foreign appropria tions and the siiliscrintions received and required for the enterprise : f oreign appropriations vTrem im ain, with Australia and Canada (gold), fcrO,(H0; France and Algeria, $120, 000; Germany, $171,000; Austria, $75,000; Italy government, $38,0110 ; Chamlierof Commerce, 838.01 K) 76 000; Spain, $150,000; Japan, $1300, 000; Belgium, $40,000; Denmark, ("gold), $10,500; Sweden, $125,000; Norway, $44,000; Chili (owner of nil goods exhibited.and all excises) ; Ven ezuela (all expenses, amount unlimit ed); Ecuador, $10,000; Argentine Confederation, $00,000 (owner of all goods exhibited). The amounts .of money which have Im 'en suKscriU d toward the work are as follows : TntHl .tot li llul'"': , 1. taw hlch are ill, l.i.l.-.t : Mew JvrHey lielaanre C.,Qa'i-tf ut Nt-w UampKltiM- W iluiiuKt""- If,'l Oiftf, roti.-fitirm. Hti'l tltHT Furlin-l r,-f,-ipt trolil runo" Appropriation M I'rnii.vivwni A pmpiiitliisi ! I'lHlrttl' Ipli'" lm,.o . l.mi.'xij . I..M.-.IIH! An il ,lill n- iiiir,-j u pn-mrf : up .. .May Hi. l.vt'' - Titt ,-kj-i; iropf iiitig 1.V1T.HW ...h,:;'i.i.'.i Thk. smoke from the wick of an ex tinguished ca-idlc is. very deleterious, and breathing il in quantities would ooti cause death. Valentine mentions a case ol' a coiiipanv ot earousers who tricked alsiy sleeping iu the corner ol a room, by one of their nunilicr holding to the boy's nose the smoke of a blown out candle. After half an hour the boy fell intosbort breathing, trembling and cramps, and died in three days. The composition of this smoke is carbureted hydrogen, cnrlxmie oxide, burnt olciu, tVc When putting out a candle-light before going, to lied, al ways do it so that (here shall lie no I. inning wick left li poixui the air id' the room.