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THE WEEK PAST.
Lieut. A. B. Crittenden, of the .f ourth Infantry, who was among those killed by the Indians, was the only son and child of Gen. Crittenden, of Ken tucky, who now resides in Washington. Lieut. Crittenden entered the service in October, 1874, and at his own request, was assigned to duty in this expedition against the Indians. Ths Cuban revolution is not sup pressed yet. The insurgents have a powerful ally in the yellow fever, which thins the ranks of the newly arrived Spanish soldiers so rapidly thai the troops are practically ;wvrlr8s. Every insurgent loss is wred at once, an' the wearing and wasting campaign goes steadily 01 ti one inevitable issue. Spain " U8inE l-e " Queen of the Antilles" as a cemv'tcy for her soldiers ; it bids fair to b'jeome the grave of her pride. A tragic ghost story comes from New mans town, Lebanon county, Pennsylva nia. Two young ladies were returning home from a fair in a phieton with a young brother of one of the I allies as driver. It was about eleven o'clock at night and the road was dangerous. While passing through a ravine known as , Ghost's Hollow, the driver says he saw an unearthly whfte object, which frightened them all, suddenly spring on the horse's back, driving it at a terrific pace , until the phieton was dashed to pieces against a stone bridge. One of the young ladies was instantly killed, and the other is now at the point of death. " Ak imperfect record -f the accidents occurring on fourths of July in New. York city in the ten years from 1866 to 1875 inclusive, shows that thirty-nine persons were killed and four hundred and forty-two wounded, many of the wounded subsequently dying, as a result of those accidents an average of four persons killed and forty-four wounded tar each celebration f the fourth. Last year the number of killed was eight and of wounded one hundred and two. In the period from 1868 to 1875 inclusive there were in New York city two hun dred and eighty-one fires occasioned by fireworks alone on the fourth of July, in Tolving a loss, of $168,667, an average of thirty-five fires and a loss of $20,000 for each celebration. . Russia proposes to try the protective policy on a grand scale for the benefit of its iron and steel manufacturers. There are five special features embraced in the policy, as follows: First, That in future a duty shall be impored upon all im ported rails. Second. That all conces sions to Russian railway companies shall contain a clause compelling them to nse not less than one-half rails of Russian manufacture. Third. To allow a pre mium to all rail manufacturers. Fourth. .To give them orders for work extending over four or five years. Fifth. To give them a special cheap rate of transit not only for their manufactured rails, But also for their ores, pig-iron, fuel, and, in fact, all the materials of their trade. How it would delight Pic-iron Kelley to lire in Russia. The new departure which that country propose must glad den his Jheart. . Ho might, however, maintain that the object aimed at by the Russian government could be accom plished more effectually by absolutely prohibiting the importation of rails and by providing that the government shall purchase all the rails that may be man ufactured in Russia at whatever rates the manufacturers prescribe. In the last annual report of the British registrar-general of births, deaths, and marriages, a chapter is devoted to the comparative duration of the life of per sons engaged in various occupations. From this it appears that the average mortality ot butchers and fishmongers is very high ; that publicans suffer more from fatal disease than the members of almost any other known class. Clergy men and barristers, from twenty-five to forty-five, experience low rates of mor tality. Solicitors experience the full average mortality after the age of thirty five. Physicians and surgeons, from youth up to the age of forty five, expe rience a mortality much above the aver age; after that they differ little from the average. The mortality of chemists and druggists is high ; commercial clerks, ex ceptionally high ; railway servants, high ; veterinary surgeons and farriers, very high ; carpenters and workers in wood generally, low at all ages; drapers, above the average, owing to the in door work ; barbers, high; shoemakers, a rate below the. average, except from twenty to twenty-five and at advanced ages; tailors, much above the average; bakers, a little above the average ; grocer?, a low rate ; tobacconists suffer very much at all the younger ages, indicating that the use of tobacco is prejudicial to young men. One of the most gratifying exhibits is that made in respect to factory hands, and the report says that' the wool, silk and cotton manufacturing population no longer experience'an exceptionally high mortility. A. GROCER' TRICK. The other day a Grand River avenue grocer purchased a thirty pound crock of butter of a farmer whom he had never dealt with before, and while down cellar emptying the crock he thought of a trick to surprise the agriculturist. Finding a stone weighing about eight pounds, the grocer greased it, carried it up slairs with the crock, and, pointing to it, quietly remarked : "This, of course, is to be taken from the gross weight, as well as the jar." The farmer looked at the stone for several seconds, and then in a voice so low that no one else could hear, replied: " Please kivcr a piece of paper over the jar, for there's a man out by the dour who knows me." The grocer finally explained his fiend ish plot, and the butter-seller's face un derwent a sudden change. Reaching over the sugar barrels to shake hand.', he said : " I didn't hardly believe it, though niy wife came from a tricky family, anil I xliouM have gone home and organized mourning and lamentation in that farm house." Detroit Frte Prcf. . . It is stated that a prominent Presby tci'an church recently had eighty appli cations for hs vacant pulpit. THE CANTON Emmett L. Ross & Co., Proprietors. VOLUME XII. A MACHKLOR'S REASONS. BY J. 6. roCiSTAIW. You wornler at my fting,f Hf, And rmr I'm ln-fctnn Nlrp'n law. Ami 'tin fiiffh li me I tNk a wile. And thai 1 need the name of Pa Well, welL I wnnt dlnole your word ; Y're iikM I cum, lont "Nature's law ; But anall I tell vou what I hcanl ? And shall I (ell jeu what 1 saw ? 1 will, and then you'll hold Tour pence Forever a. regard my wire ; Your interest in such thing will ceaas. And I shall lead a single life. I loved t thought a tilt young maid. And had In view the wedding ring; My visits, too. were freiiient paid ; My friends remarked " 'tis just the thing." One morning, on bit war down town. For reasons I a visit paM : I found my charmer In a gown That plainly spoke a slovenly maid. This waft a trl fie, air, to some; To me 'twas more than I could hear ; To aurh lise uses mav we come,'' She realy had not cuinbed her hair. Wer mother was as good a dame As ever lived !n Sunny South ; I heard this girl, who hore her name, Pay lo her mother, "shut your mouth." Tis almost needless here to swv, I soon begged pardon and ret'tred. I never sinre have hreti Inat wsv. For she's not At to beaadluinsi. A year elapsed before t tried Another maiden for a wife; But as I've lived, I wiU have died Whea I have lost my hold on life. 1 found no faults the other bad. but there was something else, sir, which Was almost enuallv as had Her hair waa darker than her switch. A TERRIBLE ST, AUG II TER. flparrsf Cwan-r A ttttrkm m Lary Ftorr tyf Jn rf fnH--7fc f7ene-a, Fiftm ofli- . eerw tt Thrm Hunflrrrl HolHIrr MffeA A special correspondent to the Helena (Montana) Herald, writes from Stillwa ter, Montana, under date of July 2d, as follows : " Muggins Taylor, a scout for Gen. Gibbon, got here Inst night direct from Little Horn river. Gen. Custer found the Indian camp of two theusand lodges on Little Horn, and immediately attacked the camp. Gen. Custer took five companies and charged the thickest portion of the camp. Nothing is known of the operations of this detachment only as they trace it by the dead. Maj. Reno commanded the other seven companies, and attacked the lower portion of the camp. The Indians poured in a murder ous fire, besides the greater portion fought on horseback. Custer, his two brothers, nephew and brother in-law, were all killed, and not one of his de tachment escaped. Two hundred and seven men were buried in one place, and the killed is estimated at three hundred, with only thirty-one wounded. The In dians surrounded Reno's command and held them one day in the hills, cut off from water until Gibbon's command came in sight, when they broke camp in the night and left. The Seventh fonght like tigers, and were overcome by mere brute force. The Indian loss cannot be estimated, as they bore off most of their killed. The remnant of the Seventh cavalry and Gibbon's command are re turning to the mouth of the Little Horn, where a steamboat lies. The In dians got all the arms of the killed soldiers. There were seventeen commis sioned officers killed. All the Custers died at the head of their column. The exact loss is not known, as both the ad jutants and the sergeant-major were Killed. The Indian camp was from three to four miles long, and was twenty miles up the Little Horn from its mouth. The Indians actually pulled the men off their horses in some instances. I give this as Taylor told it to me, who was over the field after the battle. A special dated Bismark, Dakota Terri tory, July 1st, says information from the Sioux expedition dated Mouth of Big Horn, July 1st, says that General Cus ter left the mouth of Rosebud with twelve companies to follow the Indian trail of a large band of hostile Sioux, and followed it up in the direction of the Big Horn. The Indians were mat ing for the eastern branch of the little Big Horn. General Terry, with Gib bon's command of five companies of in fantry and four of cavalry, started to as cend the Big Horn to attack the enemy in the rear. On the morning of the twenty-fifth two Crow scouts brought news of a battle on the previous day. Upon the receipt of this news the com mand commenced to march in a south erly direction, where smoke could be seen, which indicated tbat General Cus ter had fired the Indian village. On the next morning the head of the column entered a plain bordering on the bank of the Little Bfg Horn river, where-hart recently stood an immense 'Indian vil lage, three miles in length. The ground was strewn with slaughtered horses, cavalry equipments and the dead bodies ol nine Indian chiefs. The clothing of Lieutenants Sturgis and Porter were also found pierced with bullets. Fur ther on was found the body of Lieutenant M'Intosh. Just then arrived the news that Colonel Reed was intrenched with the remnant of the Seventh cavalry on a bluff near by, waiting for relief. The command pushed on, and found Reed with the remainder ot seven companies .of Reno's command whioh had been fight ing since noon of Sunday, the twenty fifth, until relieved by Terry ou the night of the 26th. Terry's arrival caused the Indians to retire. Reno knew noth- ing of the fate of the other five compa nies which were separated from them on the twenty-fifth to make an attack, un der Custer's command, at a point about three miles down the right bank of the stream. Custer had apparently made an attack on the Indians, and w:ts compelled to retreat, but was cut off from the main body. 1 hey were forced into a narrow rt'cess, where homes and men lay slaught ered proniiiM-uoiisly. Here was found the bodies of Custer, his two brothers and nephew, Mr. Read, Colonels Yates and '"oolc, and dipt. Smith, all lying in a cir le of a few yards, and here one after another of Custer's brave com maud fell, Not a man escaped to tell the tale, A I.AIIOH K.IHSU si It ttE MACHINE. The recent suit-Meat Ijifayetle, Ind.i of one Moorf frit- hHrrillte ingenuity has rarely if ever leen excelled in the an nals of self murder. The poor wretch made his preparation in every unique way, and displayed an amount of inven tive talettt Which wtmld ItaVe aceom pliohe'l immense results if it had lieen aprwiod to a legitimate mechanical purpose- Since a quietus can lie made to one's life with a bare bodkin, it will strike most persons that the Indiana farm hand put himself to a good deal of trouble With his ingenious machine for hend-cuttihg. His trouble, however, secured absolute certainty in the opera tion or his machine. The ax was sus pended in such a manner that it was sure to fall in a certain direction at a certain time. He placed himself in the path of its decent, so that there could be no possibility of avoiding its edge, either by voluntary or involuntary motion. Where the ax would strike, he placed a small box, open on one side, in which his head reposed. He held his head firmly in position and his chin up from his neck by a stick run across the box. He was strapped tightly to the floor with two straps, one around the arms and the other around the legs, both straps being screwed to the floor. Thus when the candle which he had placed between the cord holding the ax burned them off, the weapon would swiftly and heavily fall and perform its horrible mission with absolute certainty. Nothing but a miraculous interposition could stop it. Having thus perfected a method which was proof against failure, his next step was to secure painless death. This was easily done by filling the box, in which his head reposed, with cotton saturated with chloroform. Nothing could be neater, surer, or more effective, and yet nothing could be more grimly horrible and desparingly courageous. The denouement is more thrilling than any thing in fiction. He cooly suspended the ax, at a point fifteen feet above where his head would lay, by the double cord fastened to the ceiling. He then lit the candle, which was calculated to burn down to the cords before he should wake np from his uunatural slumber By its light he arranged his box, stuffing it with cotton and saturating it with chloroform. Then he threw himself upon the floor and fastened his head into the box, and with remarkable skill fastened himself to the floor, so that there was no possibility that the con vulsive movements which sometimes follow the taking of chloroform would disturb his position relative to the keen edge above that was waiting for him. The opiate did its work. He went to sleep with perfect confidence that his machine would do its horrible business in a perfect satisfactory manner. The brief candle shed its little light upon the ax and reflect upon the face of the sleeping man. Slowly and steadily it burned down until it reached the cord. In an instant the cord snapped, the ax decended with a crash through the man's neck, and buried itself in the floor un derneath him. Its work was sure. There was no mutilation, no suffering, no tortur. In an instant he was in eternity, without a pang or a struggle. Chicago Tribune. SUPERSTITIONS. Burleigh in Boston Journal. With the old-time festivities and cus toms linger the old-time superstitions. These affect social and business life. Men believe in ghosts, in'Jiaunted houses, and unlucky days as devoutly as they do in the Bible. Strange enough Saturday is the unlucky day of the old New Yorkers. I saw to-day a very intelligent lady who refused to sign a lease because the occu pancy was to commence on Saturday. " Saturday has always been the bane of our family," she Baid. Some houses have been unoccupied for months from the reputation of being haunted. There is one to day that stands in a very eligi ble neighborhood for the business to which it is devoted. Everything around it is snatched up readily. This, with every improvement, stands idle. Parties can be found brave enough to take the house at a low rent, but they can get no custom. The Nathans house was one of the finest mansions on Twenty-third street. Its locaUon could not be sur passed. It was within one house of Kirni aeeiiire nd- sMicvii v rlxw-iJ Fifth Avenue hotel. It was superbly furnished, and was offered for a song. One or two families were willing to take it, but no domestics would live in the place. After standing idle two or three years it was given over to trade, nut ladies would not cross the doomed threshold. At last it was taken down, stone by stone, and a warehouse erected on the foundations. Even this does not eeem to have silenced the voice of blood. A very famous mansion has just been sold under the hammer on Madison avenue. An old fellow with a black pipe has for years put his head out of the upper windows occasionally, and has the ability to curse everyliody who liveB under the roof. The house hs been searched from coal-bin to attic. No matter who comes or who goes, the old fellow abides. A strange fatality has so far attended every occupant of the house At one time it was the abode of fashion. The lady of the mansion was the belle of New York, and gave the most famous parties on the island. Ilcr entertain ments were the envy of New York, and the old Knickerliockers could not com pare with her in the magnificence of her receptions. Hut her star waned and domestic dissister Fettled flown on 1 house. A wealthy New Yorker has bought the place, ami renovate it as he will, it is lielieved that the old'man will as of old, look out of the window and do mischiefs Tnr forma of Whatever 'B CANTON, MISSISSIPPI, JULY 22, 1S7H fit A MM. The r.-rv-nf 4,i-H ott Ihh lurVmlu A"0 Fl'Offc, .V Mjr. .V Ft-iftrim. Chicago Tim, July 1st. Last evening, when the north-liouiid way freight on the southern division of the St. lonis, Itocfe Islatid ahtl Chicago railroad stopped at Winchester and Cha pin, Illinois, about two hundred harvest tramim boarded and took charge of the train, in spite of conductor Ifrwtock, who brought them into Beardstown. The city marshal was summoned, who cnlled to his assistance a squad of men. After a short fight with railroad pins, etc., the train was rid of these nuisances, several tramps being severely hurt. The great army of tramps Is still on the increase, and is moving northward like a swarm of locusts, scourging the country as it goes. More than two hundred stretched them selves out in lumber-yards, sheds, barns, and on the ground in and about Jackson ville on Friday night. Sixty-five were arrested and locked in the city prison for petty offenses, but having no money were turned loose the next morning, and given one hour to leave the city. In fact, all that could be seen were ordered to leave town in an hour, on pain of being formed into a chain-gang, and made to work on the streets. Many of them were offered work, but refused it. Squads of from ten to fifty boarded various trains leaving the city, "dead-beating" their way, as far as conductors did allow them. At Chapin, .about sixteen miles west of here, on the Toledo, Wabash and Western railroad, some two hundred gathered on Friday afternoon, and boarded a freight train. The conductor, with a shotgun, and the brakeman, with revolvers, fired a volley into the caboose among them, when they fled pell-mell. None were seriously injured. After the train started, the cowardly vagabonds returned the fire with re volvers, shooting a brakeman named Edward M'Keowu, of Springfield, in flicting a dangerous if not fatal wound. After the train had left, dispatches weie received at Jacksonville for help, and the sheriff, with a posse of armed men were dispatched at once. The man, who had wounded the brakeman, giving his name as Stone, was arrested and remanded to jail, but before the sheriff and his gang reached Chapin, about one hundred and sixty of the tramps had taken complete possession of a train on the Rockford, Rock Island and St. Louis railroad, and with the offi cers under their control were making north on that road at a rapid rate, the last. that was heard oi them. About sixty were reported in the town of Chapin on Friday night, and some seventy-five are yet hanging around Jacksonville. What their intention is, or where they came from, the meet of them will not divulge, and the Btories of those who do have anything to say do not harmonize very well. . They go in squads to houses, begging food, and if refused, especially where there are no men about the prem ises, demand it, or help themselves to whatever they want in the way of food and clothing, and pursue their journey onward. All trains passing through that section of country are being armed and guarded, and fears of bloodshed are entertained. DEATH Ot SANTA ANITA. A great old man, whom the world knows as Santa Anna, died in the city of Mexico on the 28th ult. 'He was born at Jjtlapa, in 1798, and first became prominent in the war for independence in 1822, when he expelled the royaliBts from Vera Cruz, and was appointed to the command of that city. The same year he was deposed by the self-proclaimed Emperor Iturbide, but young Santa Anna raised the banner of "the republic in Vera Cruz, and a year later compassed Iturbide's downfall. From that time until old age compelled him to retire from active pursuits, he was the one conspicuous figure of Mexican history. He was a leader in every revolution or political intrigue, and at different times ruled Mexico as president, dicta tor or soldier. His life was a series of almost unbroken military successes until in 1836, after storming the Alamo and massacreing its heroic defenders, he was muted at San Jacinto bv the Texan army .under Sam Houston and taken prisoner. Th CS?ner, Theycarl8I7 found him pro lsionaT ptesKtCTll OTTHexico antToTr nis way with twenty thousand men to meet Gen. Taylor and defeat at Buena Vista. Gen. Scott defeated him again at Cerro Gordo in the same year, and finally after the disasters of Contreras, Cherubusco, Molinos del Ray and the city of Mexico, he was compelled to resign the executive chair. The siege of Pueblo followed. where Gen. Lane forced him to retire, and in February 1st, 1848. conscious that his cause was lost, Santa Anna obtained premission to retire to Jamaica. He was recalled in 1853, after years of wrang les had turned the eyes of the Mexicans to Santa Anna as the one man who could restore peace and control the factions. He was declared president for life, but his rule was despotic", and after two years of revolution General Alvarez forced him to sign an unconditional abdication. A few years ago. after residing in Vene zuela and in the Island of St. Thomas, he returned to spend his remainingyears amid the scenes of his former greatness. ItKATII Of a EN. ClxTKR. Cincinnati Commercial. Startling intelligence reaches us from the scene of Indian warfare, on the little llcwn Iviver lien. Custer was in com mand of the Seventh regiment of regu lar cavalrv. 1 !e came uikii an Indian camp of nltoiit two thousand lodges. Major Kcno, with lour companies, was sent to make an attack, three companies Rnvnimttit M fool cnntwt; admtmatvnHl bwrt." were held in rtwerve, arid Custer, With fire companies, charged the thickest portion of the Indian camp, and the whole detachment was destroyed. Major Reno was worsted, and with the reserve companies held otit until help came tinder len. Gibbon. Two biothers, a brother-in-law and liepheu of Custor died with him, and a Bon of Gen. Crit tenden is along the slain. Gen. Custer was among the most dashing fighters in the army, and will be long remembered for chivalrous service and romantic deeds of daring. It seems that his hardihood led to an act of rashness, for it is stated that he knew reinforcements were com ing. The Indians engaged in - this affair are the Sioux, the most numerous and desperate tribe on the continent. We believe this is the bloodiest chapter in the history of Indian warfare. No such massacre of trained soldiers by Indians has ever before occurred. It reveals the extent and danger of the warfare into which we have drifted, and which no doubt will prove very costly, in blood and treasure, before it is finished by the thorough chastisement of the savages. THE AYR. FIRE. The tontlagratioit in Which Ttrenty-four Touny I lorn en I'rrishrl. filasgow (Scotland) News, June 17. In a few minutes those who had gath ereii round the spot where the fire origi nated were compelled to flee for their lives, leaving portions of their clothing and all they possessed in the mill behind. In the garret overhead James Barr, fifty years of age, was working with twenty five young women under his charge. On hearing the screams in the flat beneath he tried to keep the cries of those who were apparently terror-stricken beneath from penetrating its own department and creating greater alarm than was neces sary. He then ran down stairs, saw the imminent danger of the whole establish ment, rushed up and gave the alarm, but was too late to effect an escape for him self or others, as the staircases were all ablaze, and the smoke and fire were such as no one could pass through and live. The young women rushed to the win dows and called for that aid which could not be afforded them. They gesticulated, and screamed and sobbed in the prospect of death, and implored those outside to save their lives. Meanwhile the fire spread rapidly, the buildings one by one were enveloped, the flames shot high in the air, and before long the spot where the helpless females had been vainly seeking for succor was reduced to ruins, and those who ouccu pied it were lost beyond hope of recall. The old man Barr was, before the fire obliterated everything, seen at one of the windows waving his hands, apparently calling ror rescue, and a large number of the girls were holding by bim in the last lingering hopeof having their lives spared. One young woman jumped from the height of four stories, and fell heavily on the ground beneath. She expired in a few minutes. Another young girl ap peared at the window screaming. Her sister, who happened to be beneath, called out, "Jump out, or you'll be killed," and the little girl instantly leaped over. The sister endeavored to catch her, but as the height from which the leap was taken was very great, bot h came into violent contact, and were thrown down. The sister escaped unhurt, but the young girl was bruised, it is feared seri ously so. Her hair was burned off by the flames. WOIU BIT AS UNO RAVERS. New Haven Register. At the present time there are only two women in the United States notable for first-class engraving on steel. These are Miss Sartain, daughter of Mr. John Sar tain, chief of the art department of the centennial exhibition, and Mrs. Worm ley, of Columbus, .Ohio. Miss Sartain had the good fortune to be educated in bcr art by her accomplished father, whose task of engraving Rothermel's latest picture.the "Battle ol Gettysburg," she lately returned from Europe to as sume in part, tbat he might accept the honorable appointment offered to bim. Mrs. Wormley, who first became expert in drawing, devoted herself to the illus t. At ion of a large work which her hus band, a distinguished chemist, wrote on poisons. After she. finished they were sent to some eastern city to be engraved. A difficulty arose no engraver could be sconic work required. It was the opinion of the engravers who were consulted that only the artist who drew the pictures could successfully engrave them. Thus compelled to finish the work the wife of Dr. Wormley learned the art ol engrav ing, engraved the plates, and enjoys the honor of having contributed so largely to the beauty and completeness of a eel ebrated scientific treatise. The work in progress at the wood carving school in Cincinnati, under the direction of Mrs. Pittman, has lteen highly praised, and will he a nninue contribution to the woman's department from Ohio. Another View Of The "Complete Anoi.er." June is the angler's month Whenever a creek flows in this goodly land you can find some man who owns seven docs vexing the water oi tne piacin stream with a baited hook, while his wife is taking care of seven children and vexine the turbid waters of a wash-tub to buv his supper. We can understand that the mosquito is .inessential adjunct of creation; we can comprehend that the yellow doe lives a life of usefulness, an: ,m ! at times impressed with the "randcur and sublimity of a sand fly career, but when he liegin to wonder tor what the good Lord made a man wh .-n sit in the sun all day and fish from the same log six days in the week fin.l nurself d.-ifting rapidly toward atheism. Burlimjloii Ilawktye. MAIL. THE M O KM OA II IU fit. Hritlllant rM!f;-a S,irr.mr-Th- V.mphrl't Mitrilnl RrlatimuiVnltlirHl l'ro rllritlrx li II,- .Unrmnnm. "an Francisco Chronicle. Ill view of the bills pending before congress, prohibiting polygamists from voting and jury service, the territorial legislature, at its recent session, repeal.! the act of 8."2 punishing "Iascivk .8 cohabitation," and the church officials preach in favor of abolishing the cer emony of marriage, as performed ac cording to the rites of the Mormon faith. This would defeat the okjects of such congressional legislation, as, having abolished the marriage system, they would have no wives at all, and could not be prevented from voting and serv ing on juries, as they would not come under the head of polygamists, and having repealed the territorial statue punishing lascivious cohabitation, they could not be punished for that either. This would also virtually secure their safety from punishment under the Poland bill of 1862, as they would not then be living with these women as wives, or claiming them to be such. Undoubtedly the Mormon church will soon make this new covenant, and the prophet Brigham will have a "revelation" abolishing the marriage ceremonial, and substituting a kind of free-love Plymouth church system. no winow's MITE. Underthe civil statutes a woman is not entitled to a dowry, no matter how much property she may have had at marriage. She can get a divorce, but goes empty handed. On his death a man can will all his property to one of his widows, to the exclusion of all the others, and yet that property may have been brought to him by the now dis inherited one. When a woman marries she looses all title to and control of her property, which is paying pretty dear for a part of a husband. Generally, disconsolate widows are provided for by their deceased husband's brother, who marries two or three of them if his family be not already too voluminous. This he considers both a charitable and a church duty. The children by this union are placed to the credit of his brother, and revert to him in the next world, as also do the widows he left behind. This latter, it would be well to state, is a part of the Mormon faith, and not a provision of the territorial statutes. Some few instances are known where brave saints married their mother-in-law. This is a novel way of abolishing that much-dreaded institution. POLITICS AND RELIGION. The great majority of Mermons are democrats, except when it is a demo cratic administration, and then they belong to the opposition. J hey can always be counted on as on the side against the government; but a Mormon will vote for a church member though he be opposed to him in politics. Church first, politics afterwards, is their line of action. A Mormon democrat will zealously espouse the cause of a Mormon republican candidate, as against the gentile democratic candidate. . The Mormon votes in Utah is about 23,000; the gentiles 5,000. Women are entitled to vote. Very-lew gentile women avail themselves of the privilege. The Mormon women never fail to vote early, f not often ; sand here some women have an advantage over men as usual. Men of foreign birth must be naturalized be fore they can vote; but the alien women can vote without naturalization, as the naturalization laws are silent on the woman question. A man must have lived in this country three years before oting; a woman six months. Suffrage is based on a property qualification. This is done with a view to exclude the miners, who are a transitory class, from the polls. PROPOSER S TO VP A O E OE COTTON From the New York Bulletin. The Providence Journal, in a care fully considered article, says that the price of cotton is too high, considering all the conditions affecting the market, and that manufacturers must have cheaper cotton before they can safely manufacture anything approaching the present production of goods. The Jour nal argues that," if the manufacturer is to lie saved from ruin, one of two UiAPJIi J!lit-3i,I,L,eJtrE'K,0's niust ad- cannot advance, for the supply is grea&T ly in excess of the demand, and the production, larger than the consump tion, is constantly adding to the sur plus stocks which now burden the mar ket. And cotton will follow its natural tendency to lower prices, while spin ners, by their regular purchases, enable the speculator to hold the market at its present rates." The Journal asks wbat, under the circumstances, is to lie done, and gives the following rather startling answer : 'There seems to be but one way for manufacturers out of their difficulties, and that is in a general stoppage of the mills of New England for the next two months. It is a hard alternative, but it seems to be the only prudent and safe course. It is better, however, for those who are employed in the mills that their means of support should he restricted in the summer than in the winter, and it is lietter for the manufacturer to suffer a few short weeks of embarrassment rather than a long Benson of trouble and ruin. As it liKiks to us, a stoppage of the mills for a time would have a doubly lieneficial effect. It would to a great extent re lieve the various distributing markets ol the overstocks which now burden them and hold the prices of goods at their present depressed standard: it would tend to an advance in values as the sup ply gradually approached the demand; Terms: $2 00 a Year. NUMBER 3. anil it wuld place the manufacturer in a stronger and more independent position at the opening of fall trade. The curtail ment of production would also have its influence on cotton. If speculators found no assistance from spinners, their holdings would be forced on til's market at their legitimate value, and that value would be determined by the probabilities of a supply which, under a fair reckoning of favorable circumstances, promises to be larger than ever known in the history of the country." .4 THIRTY IHOrS.tNB ACRE FARM. On the writer's recent visit to St. Paul he had the pleasure of meeting Oliver Dalrymple, Northern Dakota's great farmer. Much has been written of Mr. Dalrymple, who has cleared two or three hundred thousand dollars in grow ing wheat on a two thousand five hundred acre farm in Washington county, Minnesota. This spring Mr. Dalrymple became interested with Gen eral Cass and other eastern capitalists in a thirty thousand acre farm, about fifteen miles west of Gargo, Dakota. He put in this spring one thousand and two hundred acres of wheat on ground broken last season, and now has one hundred plows in operation, intending to break six thousand acres of praire, to be sown in wheat next year. He has a large force of men at work erecting stables, barns, dwellings for tenants, and so forth, and other necessary improve ments. The land selected by Mr. Dalrymple is situated in one of the finest and most productive valleys in the world ; as it is more accessible to market than any lands in Iowa or Southern Dakota, or Minnesota, he has abundant promise of millions. Other large farms are being opened in the vicinity, and new buildings may be seen on every hand. The one thousand and two hundred acres of wheat sown by Mr. Dalrymple this spring on Northern Dakota farm at this, writing (June 10) looks splendidly, and promises to yield twenty or thirty bushels to the acre. Bismarck Tribune. PRIXCIVLES OP GOOD FARMING. The better to retain important facts in the memory, I am ever fond of reducing the principles of good farming to brief maxims and rules, compressing into a sin gle short sentence the gist of many a page. Thus I carry about the mental pabulum to be digested at the handle of the plow or hoe. The following are some of these principles : First The farmer who would succeed well, and derive pleasure as well as profit from his calling, must manifest an active and abiding interest in bis vocation. It takes heart-work to make hand-work pleasant. Second The farmer must study how best to increase and maintain fertility to his soils. There is no inertia in agricul ture. There must be progress, either forward or retrograde. Third The farmer must strive to in crease the'quality as well as the quantity of bis crops. It is the quality that de termines the price. Iu this "excelsior" should be his unvarying motto. Fourth The farmer must seek with a watchful eye to improve his market fa cilities. It is transportation that eats up the profits. Fifth The art of raising better stock is not as well known as it shout be. Keep no more animals than you have the facilities to feed and care for well. Sixth The farmer must seek to im prove his social, intellectual and finan cial condition. A NEW GERMAN TORPEDO BOAT. The strength of the German navy hps been increased by the launch at Stettin, of another torpedo vessel called the Uhlan. This'is the second vessel of the kind which Germany possesses, the Zeitden having already been constructed in England ; but the latter vessel is of a different type from the Uhlan, the tor pedo being discharged by mechanical force from the mouth of a cannon pro jecting from its bows. The Uhlan carries immediately under its bows a torpedo which will explode within the vessel at which it is directed, and the force of the charge of dynamite which will be ex ploded by the. collision is calculated to be sufficient to blow the other vessel to pieces, though the torpedo itself is no margantepomi' u,t.-ii. ship is the enormous power of its en gines as compared to the vessel itself. They are one thousand horse power when at high pressure, and take up so much room that there is little space left for the coal-bunkers and lerths of the officers and seamen. This unusual proportion of steam power has been given in order that the vessel may be able to travel through the water very rapidly. THIRD-CLASS MAIL MA TTER. Bv the section in the postofTice appro- nrint.ion bill relatinc to third-class i matter, all transient newspapers, maga zines, liooks. and all printed matter, with the exception of circulars unsealed, will be restored to the former rate of one per cent, for everv two ounces, white mer chandise and sealed circulars will remain ot the nresent rate. The bill appropri . for the transportation oi ine mans, iroiTiM. fhat embraces the Star routes and steamship lines at $6,737,851 and railroad routes at $9,100,000, against the estimates of the department of little more than $17,500,000 reduction upon the estimate for the transportation of the mails of $1,662, 1 10. There is nothing in the bill which affects the fiiat mails, such being, by s(ecial arrangement, lictween the jxist master-general and the railroads. ECCIASSIA HT1CAI.. ' In i- - Jersey a church paying only 100 saia.,.ntl withoul , pastor, received seventy-lou. applications in three weeks foi the vacant l(atiou. . .In the last year the Chinese o-1irch in San Francisco has received thirteen, additions, and fourteen Chinamen have united with the First Presbyterian church at Oakland, under the pastoral charge of Rev. Dr. Fells. . . The story of Charley Ross, the stolen child, has been written by his father, Christian K. Ross, and will shortly le published as a subscription book. It will lie illustrated with portraits of Charley Ross, himself, and fac-rivriles of the abductors' letters, and an account of the various measures of search adopted, with their often curious episodes. . . For thirty years the ladies of the First Presbyterian church, Staunton, Va., gave a fair every June. Three years ago the congregation resolved to sulistitute a collection for the fair. The collection this year amounted $1,100, as large a sum as could be gathered from a fair. Their practice is commended to the consideration of other congregations. Chrinlinn Obierrer. ..There is a paper church actually existing near Berlin which can contain nearly one thousand persons. It is cir cular within, octagnal without. The relieves outside and statues within, the roof, ceiling, the Corrinthian capitals, are all papier-mache, rendered water-proof by saturating in vitriol, lime-water, whey and white of eggs. . .The number of Catholic Indians in the United States is as follows: In the state of Maine, one thousand four hun dred, in New York, nine hundred and ninety ; in Michigan, four thousand ; in Wisconsin, one thousand four hundred and eighty ; in Minnesota, ten thousand eight hundred ; 'in Dacotah, two thou sand ; in Kansas, nine thousand ; in Motana, seven thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine ; in the Indian Territory nearly one hundred thousand; in Ari zona, one thousand five hundred ; in Idaho, seven hundred ; in Washington Territory, more than ten thousand; in Oregon, one thousand ; in California, more than six thousand. ..The English synod of the United ' Presbyterian church has united with the English Presbyterian church. The name of the new church is " The Presbyterian church of England." It will number two hundred and sixty-three congrega tions, with fifty thousand members, and have an annual income of 160,000. It is believed that the new church will be joined by other Scotch churches. The oldest member of the united Bynod, Rev. Dr. Anderson, of Torpeth, was elected moderator. In his address he expressed a hope that they would yet see the other sections of the large Pres byterian family together again under one roof tree. ..The sheet-anchor of every righteous soul is a simple, steadfast, serene trust in God. It reveals its strength, when earth born trusts disappoint and fail, and fills the believer with grateful surprise at the discovery of its hidden sources. In its surest form it is perfectly childlike. As the child depends upon a father's pro tection with a security which nothing outward can disturb, and its sunny hopes ars never clouded by misgivings of solicitude for the future, so the child of grace looks up to his Heavenly Father with a filial confidence as unwavering and uncalculating, assured of his protec ting care and love the Divine panoply aud supply so graciously pledged to the patriarch: Fear not: I am thy shield and thy exceeding great reward. Church Union. From an American point of view the salaries of the French Roman Catholic clergy are extremely low. The cardinal archbishop of Paris is paid $12,000 per annum ; the cardinal archbishops of Bor deaux, Rouen, Cambria, Renes and Al giers receive $6,000 each ; twelve other archbishops $4,000 each ; sixty-nine bishop3 in France and Algiers, $3,000 each. The vicar general of Paris re ceives $900; the vicar generals of eighteen metropolitan sees, $700 each : these of one hundred and Bixty-nine other dioceses, $500 each ; fifteen"; Paris canons are paid only $480, while six hundred and eighty other canons receive but $210. The 3,371 parish priests who hold benefices for life receive from $200 to $250 annually. Altogether the state pays about $6,300,000 to 30,902 incum bents, $125,000 to 334 incumbents in Algiers, and $800,000 to nine thousand two hundred and seventy-nine curates. Eev. Green Clay Smith, in the Western Recorder, gives these figures concerning the prominent denominations. of Kentucky: The Episcopalians have thirty-five churches, with sittings for fourteen thousand eight hundred and fifty ; the Reformer have four hundred and eighty-seven churches, with sittings for one hundred and fifty-three thousand four hundred and eighty-five ; the Pres- bvterians have twQ hundred aiuififty dredand twelve thousand one nunureo and fifty ; the Methodists have one thou sand and four churches, with sittings for two hundred and forty-seven thousand nine hundred and eighteen ; the Baptists have one thousand and forty-three churches, with sittings for two hundred and eighty-eight thousand two hunciren and seventy-six. ine r,piscoimiii have churthes in twenty-one counties, the Reformers in ninety-seven counties, the Presbyterians in seventy-seven, the Methodists in one hundred and eleven, and the Baptists in one hundred and thirteen. PROnSlOSS OF THE GENEVA -I WARD KILT,. The bill for the further distribution of the Geneva award, as adopted by the hmue, provides first, for the payment of losses caused by the exculpated cruisers that is, the rebel cruisers which were not recognized by the Geneva tribunal. The next payment of premiums is for war risks, whether paid to corporations, agents, or individuals, after the sailing of any confederate cruiser, but the actual loss on account of war premiums only is to lie paid. Those claims must be paid within six months from the passage of the act, and the court of commissioners of the Alabama claims is continued until July 22d, 1877.