Newspaper Page Text
ST. CHARLES HERALD.
Published Every Saturday, in a Rich Sugar, Molasses and Rice Producing Country. VOLUiME XI. HÀHNVIIJÆ, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, JULY 7, 1883. V ' ■■ - ......—.........-..... . NUMBER 27. THE DUDE AND THE DUDELET. TO AN OLD AIR. A Dude and Dudelet on the beach, Upon the beach so sandy. The Dude he wooed, the Dudelet cooed, And nibbled Mallaird's candy. Lanky Dude and Dudelet dear, Lanky Dudy dandy. n. He always knew the proper thing 1 In ties, cigars and brandy, And wore his trousers very tight. Which made his legs look bandy. Lanky Dude and Dudelet dear, Lanky Dudy dandy. The Dudelet was in perfect form, Hor slender waist so handy— She said she'd be his little Maud, He said he'd be her Andy. Lanky Dude and Dudelet dear, Lanky Dudy dandy. And so they were in wedlock bound, With graceful toasts post-prandi al. She is still a Dudelet dear, Correct, exclusive, and he 1 Remains a lanky Dude, I fear, A lanky Dudy dandy. —Harvard Lampoon. OCCUPATIONS* OF ANIMALS. Dynamite Fiends, Undertakers, Doctors, nnd Æstlietes— Birds that Build Apart ment Houses and Keep Hotels—Spider Sailors. "There's a curious reflection of human affairs in the actions of the lower ani mals," said the naturalist to the re porter. "Every thing; but the dynamite phase," suggested the latter. "No, I won't except that," was the reply; "and I'll wager you can't men tion a class of men or an occupation followed by them to which I can't show you something similar in the so-called lower animal kingdom." The reporter suggested the dynamite fiend. p s T» "Well," continued the* naturalist, pulling out a drawer upon which was a blood-curdling name, "here's a beetle that belongs to the explosive brother* hood, and so powerful an agent it is .that it is called the 'Bombardier,' and is ready to go off at a moment's notice. It is, as you see, an old-fashioned sort of a fellow—doesn't affect long hair and the like; but let an enemy follow it too closely and it stops suddenly, and if you were listening you would hoar a report, a puff of smoke would rise in the air, and the pursuer would be completely demcfalized. I have seen these bom bardiers fire five or six times In as many minutes, whirling about as if taking aim. The explosives come from aglana! Quite a number of animals carry explo sives. The lame of some dragon flies eject a liquid irritating to man. The squids, however, lead in this respect. I remember drifting along oveç the reef at Nassau several y ears ago, and seeing several squids just below the surface, 1 put out my hand, and in a second, my dearest friend wouldn't have knownme. I was literally drenched with ink, which was thrown from a distance of at least \hree feet. It was indelible, and I still t ave the vouchers in the way' of stained ncn." Here the naturalist took down a Irawerlabeled "Myrmeleon," and Baidl ♦Herens not only a plotter, but a dia gram of its trap. The propensity seems bred in the bone, as it is indulged i* by the yonng insects. When first 1 latched the insect seeks out a soft soil tti sorqe miniature sandy plain. It gen irally Tiolds its head in place at one joint, while its body is whirled about ike a pair of dividers. This done, the i»sect begins throwing out the sand; s»me is carried, but the greater part is removed on a plan that at least shows at attempt at labor saving. With a qtick movement the worker shovels a had upon its head, and by a backward upward jerk hurls it far out of the ex cavation. If a pebble or stone is met with it is tossed out in the same way, misses half as large as the worker be ing hurled over a foot away. When a latge stone is encountered the intelli gence displayed is remarkable. The engineer seem« to know that the rock cak't be tossed, and so he carefully rolls it upon his head and proceeds to climb up the incline of the pit. Naturally the stone would roll off of any incline, but to »vert this the insect lifts its tail high in air, and so crawls up the side with the stone, bn a perfect level. I have seen them try a stone ten or fifteen times, and then give it up and select another location. After the pit is completed it represents the cast of an inverted cone, and at the bottom the in sect conceals itself, leaving only its two enormous jaws protruding. You see hero on this diagram the whole tragedy is enacted. - Wö Will suppose that this nut is the Czar on the way to corona tion. He rushes along, comes to the pit with his attendants, steps on the jirejmred slides, and goes roiling down into the month of the living or Nihilist trap below. Perhaps when half way down the-ant regains a foothold, and seems in a fair way to escape, but the trap maker throws off all concealment, quickly shovels sand upon its head, and hurls load,alter load at the victim; who rolls dovjy helpless into his enemy's jaws, and 1» destroyed. When the trap maker has sucked the blood, he uncere moniously hoists the remains upon his head |nd' throws them out upon the sand. The pit is then repaired for the next victim. , "Among the' animal -workers >1) occupations are found. 11 -Take!*, a colony of bees, for instance. In forming a nest one set of bees are ordinary laborers, and form the rough pells. A set of skilled laborers then tike hold and shape the cells, and so ou. I Among the ants the workers uot only have their share of work to do, but they differ from the others in shape and gpueral 'appearance, the king, queens, soldiers, and laborers being all markedly different in appearance. soldiers "haveAinonnpiis jaw,- but-fc__ work. They'rush out fiercely when yon break into à nest. If the enemy fs visible they return, and the laborer's come out and begin repairs. The nrffiy ants of South America show great in telligence. The workers, like our sap pers and miners, often go ahead and form a protective arch, under which the soldiers march; and so rapidly is this thrown up that the onward march is not delayed. The ants are also slave owners.' They capture ants of other species and force them to work for them and attend them as body servants. So luxurious do some of these slave owners become that they are utterly helpless when deprived of their menials. The latter not only wait on their masters, but feed them, if the slaves are taken away their owners perish. "Ants are also farmers. In Texas a tribe collect the seeds of various plabts and plant them in close proximity to their homes, so that they can benefit by the seed. The farmer or grain ants of Europe store up vast supplies in under ground granaries. After a damp season the seeds are taken out and laid in the sun and finally returned." . "How is it the seeds don't sprout?" asked the reporter. they are, planted underground and kept fresh. It is supposed that the ants bite the seeds in some way so that they are in a state of coma, just as wasps sting animals so that they remain insensible for months. Ants may be said also to keep cows—not exactly Durhams, but Insects that answer the same purpose. They .collect the-plant lice; and, by ca ressing them i*sdme way,, ,force or in duce them hi jtive ouV.oS extide a drop of sweet liquor. „Uifive teen five or six ants awaitinflAciFtwrtt to taiilk one of these cows. The ants ofteh collect the eggs of the aphides,pfeel them'on plants and eare.for them in we do for our blooded ants have been known to take their cows under ground and try to keep them through the Winter. Many ants keep beetles and other insects as pets, some as playfellows, others on account of their odor, Several hundred distinct species of insects are in this Way kept prisoners under ground. "In engineering the ahts are equally skillful. They bridge wide rivers by joining together their bodies, clinging one to another, and thus forming a long string that the wind blows across the stream. In this way a bridge is formed over which an entire army passes." , "James, James," cried a shrill voice from another room. 'tThat's my mother-in-law," whis pered the naturalist, confidentially; "she's the one exception. There isn't her prototype in the entire animal kingdom." . you i taken." A florid-faced, much excited lady here burst into the room, and, upon seeing the reporter, withdrew as if jerked from behind. "It's impossible," said the impertur bable man of science," to impress woman with the fact that it's ever necessary to make any sacrifice in the cause of science. I've been cultivating those moth cocoons all winter, in hopes of a glorious harvest this spring, but there they go at one fell swoop. They afford an example of what you might call tes tlietic feeling among the lower animals. That piano cover was of mixed colors, and, between you and me, I placed the worms there last fall merely to see *if they showed any preference for- color, and they certainly did. Over half se lected red threads in making their win ter nests, and all wore evidently in favor of decoration, as they selected the brightest colors, the worms seemingly going out of their way to select them. "Here is the tube of a marine worm. You see it was first formed of finely ground pieces of sand—in fact, of any thing that the animal could get hold of, just as the inner walling of a house is made of rough material; but when it comes to the exterior, there is a chance for decoration. As the builder uses finer woods for the outside, so the worm has applied all those delicate shells, so that the tube seems made up of them. Here is another shell called the Phorus, found in Japanese waters. It affects large bivalve shells, and in some way sticks them about its shell. Now, if the animal had no taste, the first old shell or stone that came along would be used; but, as you see, nothing but these shells are used. Here's another and a fossil, showing that shells did the same thing millions of veara ago. "Many birds have the decorative In stinct. Certain ones in Africa are said to fasten fire flies to their nests that gleam at night like so many diamonds Another African bird bites off all its tail feathers except the tip of the longest plumes, and thus gives itself a jaunty air. The horn bills color their feathers artificially from certain glands. A family of birds found in Australia, and allied to the birds of paradise, bring sheels and other objects miles from the sea and decorate their play-houses with them. Some fancy curious bones, oth ers shells, and others prefer fresh flow ers. "Now, a« to builders. The architect ural ability of birds almost equals that of m'%n. Some nests, like those of _ ffappi Then there are flats dimlt by the tailor birds, where the residences are side by side and protected by a perfect roof. Among the other workers is the carpen ter bee, that bores n hole as perfect as the finest instrument of human make, and forms a partition of the sawdust. WAvoHfkr iri* ridtltl. IF bore'V of lead, WÄ n6' ' a piece of .the u toTcnown, ye£ it lias been ruined >hy this shoH, a phofas. Stranger yet,the miner has,a lamp to work by, a phosphorescent light. "Among the animals that are in the submarine diving business is the spider. It has no diving bell, or armor, yet it goes below the surface and remains there by taking down air beneath its body in the shape of balls, which it leaves there beneath some twig, or leaf." "How about reporters?" "Animal reporters are scarce," was the reply, "but if you have ever hunted the black bear you must have noticed the curious markings anil scratches it makes on trees at a distance seven or eight feet from the ground. These signs rank as high as the tramp sign lan guage; one bear knows that another has been there before. The sailors are represented by this spider, that not only goes to sea, but builds it* own boat of leaves and pushes off in search of prey. The dramatic profession is repre sented by some South American birds, who go through certain strange per formances for the benefit of other com panions. As for the undertakers, many species of beetles bury their dead. The medical profession is represented by the doctor fish, who has m his side a lancet, which comes out without warn ing, and, like that of Bob Sawyer, is always ready for use. The wasps nru the paper makers; some are masons. The ministers are represented by the praying mantes. — N. V. Sun. How the Failures Come. Of all the causes of failure in sheep raising, none or ali put together equal the lack of proper - care f and attention. Too much s tress . ' perhaps, has ■.<beer£'gtt'en*Hf* and varieties. All sheep *t4L-i?atafcta£ pay. Nb poorly eared for shoe» pav^ no matter of Wliftt.breéd', ! ffjfrair IHWe is reported to tis sumc nHw .disease thfcv no oUe ever heard of before, that dçci Mates somebody's flock, and no remedy eftn be found; It is true, sheep rnitst die, but they iieed not perish to the ex* tent they do if Well managed, Flocks should be kept young, so there shall not come a hard year every once in a while, when old sheep will die off in numbers, to dishearten and disgust their owner, and of still more importance is the keeping the health of the Hocks in lip-top condition. Usually a fat sheep is considered a healthy sheep. But there are ailments that come to fat sheep as well as thin ones. We believe in keeping a sheep fat, but prefer a bright, lively, vigorous condition, to any other. A steep may be thin in flesh and be perfectly healthy. Yet such a one will not be so profitable as if in good flesh or even fat. The fleece will be dry, and consequently light, and of a weakness and inelasticity of fiber that lessens its value for the manufacturer. The same sheep fat would shear from one-third to one-half more pounds, and the wool would be of more market value per pound. A thin ewe might be a more attentive mother, but her milk would neither be so plenty nor of such rich quality to push her lambs vigorously forward into a good, healthy, well de veloped sheep. Much can "be told of the health of a sheep by looking at it. The appearances, though, do not tell the condition, even to ' a practiced eye. A sheep .may, appear round, smooth, and even fat, qhat v wbqp caught, will 1,6 ^rfÄV leC * . « to a inside afrd hCîfltTiy"' No^llih's can given for the caWî Sfieep that will apply to every locality or 'planner of handling. The conditions vary so much between different men's feed, water, pasturage, and fitness for man aging a flock. I know men who watch their hogs eat corn and they believe the eye of tho master helps to fatten the hog. The real truth is the man who watches his hogs eat learns their whims and appetites, and suits his care to both. Bo of a sheep. Some are dainty and fastidious and require more time to eat and different feed from the main flock, and should be put into a flock by themselves, or better he fed separately; once in a while there will he found in a flook one or more that are perfect hogs to eat. One of these will occupy more room at the trough hr rack than three sheep need, and is a perfect tyrant, but ting and pounding its way at all times. Such are good sheep, but are not fit to be among ordinary sheep. Every flock needs culling every year to a line of profit; all delicate sheep and those that fail repeatedly to raise lambs from any cause—particularly lack of milk, as no one wants mothers who are by inheri tance poor sticklers—and all badly crossed, poorly fleeced sheep should be fattened and sold to the butcher. Keep nothing that does not pay its way, not even a pet. Pets are nuisances and not to be tolerated at all. A well bred, well selected, healthy flock of sheep, with good water, where they can get it every hour they need it, with plenty of feed in variety', will be the paying flock always. Such a flock will be the pride of their owner and the standard flock of the neighborhood. All these conditions belong not so much to tbp breed as to the care and handling f ivea,them. Such a flock will hardly ave queer diwaaes or mysterious ail ments; such a flock-master is looked upon as having some secrets in his care that makes him the best sheep-man ol the region. The man who succeeds is a good handler. The man who fails is a poor sheep-man.— Ä. M. Bell, in Farm and Fireside. daughter of the haughty My, Then prominent m New Y ork . s,oçi f v01 ') r ' ml t sl BBtt 1 Taken From Life. Brighton. "'Among his ptrplfs About forty yc.»rs ago a handsome young Frenchman wtos at the Mad'of 'Is an aristocratice French $choql-on the ton Stateh Island Hights, justbee kt^ g^^ « h ted*«irtc, tWW seat from I ety. To recltied a two-volume romance to a paragraph, I*mn only say that the French professor fell in love with Miss Bigelow, and sho vowed she would rather die and take her chances in the other world than to livo without him. Her parents opposed and threatened, and there Were terrible times in the social circles of New York and Staten Island. Finally the lovers 'Settled the difficulty by getting married. Miss Bigelow was disinherited. Two lovely cherubs—brother and sister—were the result of the marriage, and for once love ran smoothly after marriage. Noth ing, however, is certain in this illusive life; both father and mother fell ill and died very suddenly. The two little or phans were taken to Boston and educat ed by wealthy relations of the family. The girl grew up to indejiendencc and struck out for herself. She became a teacher, and for several years was Pro fessor of elocution In Vassar College. Her brother also disliked to be a burden to his relatives, and when the war broke out he enlisted in the artillery service and went away to fight for glory and twenty-dollars a month. Not getting killed he was able to return and participate in the ways of peace. In due time ho found himself at the bend of a big manufacturing business in the enterprising City of Chicago. He was also engaged to an accomplished young lady, and Cupid sharpened his arrows at her door. Prosperity seemed to havo a mortgage on their future, and all was going well until the great fire reduced everything to initios. ThaZyneAtsara H ro ofMfii efnW young dwwhi-âWWIfciSIFWÏw^aved hut it Vas a l**gb jlfclintingof his mot her, Ho buried it it? the garden amid aqpw e rs,flf cinders. Then extin guishing his clothes which were on lire, he drove to another house a mile away, reaching it in time to rescue his sweet heart. Their marriage soon followed. I have long been Interested in the ca reer of this young man. First he was an engineer; then a journalist; then a miner In the lofty mountains in the San Juan country; then an expert in Mexico for a Wall street syndicate, and at last he found a responsible position in a wealthy powder company. He was very successful, and he went out to su perintend the blasting of some iron mines in Pennsylvania. To show the superiority of his own powder over dy namite lie used both compounds. The dynamite exploded prematurely, and when we stood by his coffin in Colum bus avenue, Boston, it seemed pitiful that among all the people in this great world a life so young and full of prom ise should be snuffed out like a candle. This death of William A. Le Row—so sudden, sq unnecessary—is another proof of the treacherous, terrible power of dynamite.— Washington Capital. A Georgia Man's Way. It was a bleak, raw, April day as we ran down into South Carolina. There was no fire in the coach, nor would there have been need of any if the win dows could have been kept down. A chap from Quitman, Ga., who had late ly peeled oft' his fianhels and who felt as cold as a sheared lamb, succeeded after awhile In getting all the windows 'down'lait one. Thgt was on the right the front, and fat man with p, tjes; nish ed flfth St. ped that the of ka, and per in g of six go, of 'Air, won't you please lower that window?" asked the Georgian. "What for?" mbi&Êh "To keep out the cold." "I'm none to cold." t, "But it lets dust in." "I have no objections to dust. Nothing further was said, but the Georgian presently opened the stove door and took out about a pint of ashes and wrapped them up, and at the next station lie dropped off the ear and took the one ahead. Ten minutes afterstart ing up the train entered a deep cut and the fat man was observed to boh off his seat and dig his eyes and jump up ami down as if he had hornets in nis hoot legs. Indeed, he swore—swore black aud blue and green. He swore he'd sue the company, and lie swore he'd kill the engineer, and it was a good two hours before he could open one eye wide enough to swear that in his first mo ment of surprise his gold spectacles had fallen on and he had trampled them under foot. "I wonder what got into his eyes?" I asked of the Georgian. "Lime, I reekon, as we were running through a limestone out just then," he calmly replied.as he looked up from his paper.— Detroit Free Press. - ■«-».» ....... Blameless. A Georgia boy told his folks he was going hunting in the swamp anil he did intend to do so, but he went into the ash house for something and the door shut behind him and he couldn't open it from the inside. And all his bellowing didn't attract the attention of the family, but they missed him when night came and had the whole neigh borhood out searching the swamp and made a deuce of a time anti everybody , and wet and tired and got finally they gave up the hunt and re turned to his house, and then somebody heard him whoop and they let him out and his father was so mad about the affair that he took a harness strap and just lathered that boy till the hills re to a echoed hi£ lamentations. And it wasn't | the boy's fault either. ~rPoston Dost, I . ones has begun great, (mooes* wwi'.e rman railways. SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. —Georj^i H. ^C'orli'ss, of .Rhode Island, 'Is building tlAHtpkrlW'for life first çqt ton mflls Jgjjp eiOjguiUiii IVhins, — Tfic ^roc.^qf^ibslitiiting .stcel -The blue-stone busin< nèïualng the for from if Sauger the quarries, fur 1,000 to p, tjes; N. Y., incîudiiij nish employment 1,800, men. Dr. Fields, of St. Louis, has invent ed a compound which costs only ono flfth M muoh as gunpowder and ha3 seven-tenths more explosive power.— St. Louis Olobe. An Oneonta (N. Y.) firm has ship ped $200 worth of hop roots to Ken tucky. The industry is a new one in that locality, and the roots are to bo used as an experiment.— N, Y. Times. Geological examination reveals in the delta of the Mississippi, along a space of .100 miles, ten distinct forests of buried trees. Bald ovpressos with a diameter of twenty-five "feet havo been found. —Among the notable things In Paint ka, Fla., is the first tangariue tree ever budded in Florida. The hud was re- ceived by Dr. Morangtie beforo the war, and from this comes all the kid-glove oranges in that Stale. Tho tree can bo seen in his grove, which is quite cele- brated on that account ,—Chicago Times. -Injecting pine railroad ties with ohloride of zinc preserves seventy-nine per cent, of them for over twenty-one years ; beech ties injected with creosote, fifty-four percent, for over twenty-two years, and oak ties injected with ohlo- ride of zinc preservod twenty-one per cent, for over seventeen years.— N. Y. Tribune. --The Southern Silk Industrial Asso ciation has sent tho New Orleans Titnes-Demonrat a hunch of raw silk raised by tho ladies of the association in that city. The silk is of a beantil'ul golden hue, very soft and fine, and, the Times-Democrat says, proves that as g ood a quality of silk can he raised in ew Orleans and vioinity as anywhere else. —Mr. John Pearson, a trembling old man, who has been a resident of Fort Smith, Ark., for forty-three years, claims to have been tho actual Inventor of the revolver patented by Colonel Colt. He says that in 1814, while he was working in Baltimore with a gun smith named Baxter, Colonel Colt hired him to make experiments, which resulted in the perfected revolver, with six charges in tho cylinder and one barrel. Pearson never received any re ward for his invention.— N. Y. Dost. PITH AND POINT. —Some people are like a well-used rocking-chair; they are always on the go, but never get ahead. —Mothers who are tired of thch little daughters aud want more time to gad should send them out to jump the rope.—Detroit Free lYcss. —Da very man dat tells yer that clothes doan make do man is do one what looks to see how vor's dressed. I'se done dis myself.— Ar'/cansaw 'Trav eler. —A Reading (Pa.) man died a few days ago, after drinking fifteen quarts of water. The Coroner's Jury rendered the verdict: "Suicide by drowning."— Philadelphia Press. —A girl In this city has made a wager to wear her fiance's shoes for two weeks, and he wears hers. The fiance says he has the most comfort out 6f the arrangement .—Chicago Hcraldm. When we were ton' years old; ■— "My boy," said a father to his son, ■"treat evéry one with potftencss; oven those who are rude to you. For re member (hat you show oourtesies to others not because they are gentle men, but because you are one." —An unscrupulous person contributes this: "A gentleman went down to Mississippi from Tennessee to prospect, with a view to immigrating. Ho hap pened to be in that part of .the country which the tornado struck, and was completely carried away with it."— Louisville Courier-Journal. —"Settled with a bullet," says one of our exchanges in giving an account of a murder. It does not statu the cause of the trouble between them, hut it Is high time that the present guncrtMjgin should learn to have no dealings what- ever .with a bullet .—Chicago Times. --"What would you do if you were 1 and I were you?" tenderly inquired a young swell of his lady friend as ho es corted her home from church. "Well," said she, "if I were you I would throw away that vile cigarette, out up my cane for firewood, wear my watch-chain under my coat, and stay at home nights and pray for brains."— N. Y. Times. —Printers are liable to err. So, at least, thought the young man who blushed to the tips of his cars as he stepped up to the society editor's table. "Good morning. What is it, sir?" was the affable greeting. "You made a little mistake in your announcements yesterday, sir." "Very likely. It is almost impossible not "to make a mis take sbmetlmes. What was it?" "You said me aDd Lizzie Pipkins were bothered, when we were not bothered at all. We are betrothed, sir. Quite a difference." "Ah! I presume you see the difference now more than you will in the future. However, I will smooth of of in K| Pos | the matter out. Good moving, sir."—' I Weaver's Warp. COMMERCIAL LAW. Brlof Dlfntl of Late DooUlonS. Compiled Specially for the St. Louis Commer cial Oae-ttc.l ADOPTION or H BIHS. Isaac Davis and his wife, JeRsle, united in proceedings to adopt as their heir an illegitimate daughter of appel lant. Afterward said Jessie died sewed of a lavge tract of land, and still later said child died, leaving appellant and appellee as her only heirs. It is con ceited that appellant inherited two thirds of the land if tho adopted child was the lawful heir of Jessie Davis. But it is contended that husband and wife can not join in such adoption, and that as to Mi's. Davis the proceedings are void. This view is incorrect» The obvious purpose of tho statute was to authorize tho incorporation of children of other patties into families desirous of receiving them, and tho reasonable con struction of the statute appears to be that a wife may unite with her husband in such a proceeding, as from the very nature of things the interests of the en tire family are necessarily Involved in the object sought to be accomplished.— King vs. Davis, Supreme Court of In diana. CONDITIONAL SUBSCRIPTION. Defendant was solicited by the presi dent of an incorporated company to sub scribe for stock, and said that in a cer tain contingency he would take twenty shares, and wrote hia name with tho number and amount of shares in tho iresident's personal memorandum book. I'ho contingency was never realized. It was not shown that any words of sub scription were written at that ttme, or that he ever signed the company's stock book. He subsequently gave the president a proxy under which nis vote was oast at a stockholder's meeting, but it was not shown that the proxy was given with reference to that par ticular moetlng, or otherwise than to enable the president to control the stock when finally taken. Held, that defend ant was not liable as a subscriber to the stock and that the proxy was not a sufficient ratification.— McClelland vs. Whltely, United States Circuit Court, Eastern District of Wisconsin. DELivanr or deed. Richard Summers and Paulina, his wife, made a deed to his two sous and tluurffe of a third, and handed it to the husband of one of the grantees, saying: "Take it, and give It to some one to keep while I live, then to be recorded." It was then given to Paulina, who kept it in a drawer until after Richard's death, when It was recorded. After the deed was made Richard expressed dissatisfaction with it, and said .that ho would make a new one. Held to be a good delivery of the deed. If a deed be duly delivered, it will operate though the grantee suffer it to remain in tho custodv of tho grantor. The delivery to the husband of ono of the grantees, was for the benolit of all. The dissatis faction expressed by Richard after the completion of the transaction could not Impair the effect of tho previous deliv ery of tho doed.—Squires vs. Summers. FIRE INSURANCE. The measure of damages Is not What it will cost to replace tho article de stroyed,* but its value at the time of the lire, allowing for depreciation. Stock must bo paid for at its market value. Where the Insurer refuses to reinstate or repair the damaged article, he must a the value of the property as It stood ire the fire.—Cunningham vs. Gon erul Life and Hire Insurance Company, SnerlfT Court of Lanarkshire, Eng. explosion from any cause, the policy shall be null and void. the Instant tho casualty by explosion occurs," the word "casualty" will be held to refer to the damage or destruction of the premises mentioned in the condition, and not to a fire caused by the explosion.—Wed leok vs. 8. F. & M. Insurance Com pany, Supremo Court of Wisconsin. ▼endok's lien and homestead. Where parties having a vendor's lien upon real estate waivea such Hen as to all of the real estate except the home stead, he.lil that the homestead would tie chargeable with only its proportionate share of tho original délit, and that tho holders of the vendor's Hen would be chargeable upon their debt with the amount which the part sold realized,ex clusive of the costs of sale.—Cary vs. Boyle, Suprtfefe) Court of Wisconsin. coparceners. A purchaser of the interest of one coparcener in real estate takes the title free from any claim that the other coparcener might have against him for rent, unless an action therefor was pending between the coparceners at the lime of purchase.— Bridgeford vs. Bar hour, Kentucky Court of Appeals. DURESS. Duress, exercised by the husband in procuring the wife's signature to a mortgage of the homestead, will not af feet tne right of a mortgagee for value who had no notice of and did not par ticipate in the wrongful act.—Van cleave vs. Wilson, Supreme Court of Alabama. CREDITOR AND DEBTOR. Any private agreement with a detitor by which one creditor signing a compro mise is to have an advantage over other creditors is void.—Baldwin vs. Rosen man. Supregjp Coqrt oi Connecticut,