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ST. CHARLES HERALD.
--—-- . --~c=- -— - Published Every Saturday, Iu a Rich Sugar, Molasses and Rice Producing Country. VOLUME XI. HAHNVILLE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 11, 1883. NUMBER 32. O Mhub I$y I ölret, If't.vo TO A DAISY. ^■Jttle rimless wheel of Fate, Jsilver spokes and hub of yellow. H Kontle Kiri, in accents mellow, Httught your aid to find a mate! apt your slender spokes apart, one some dear acquaintance naming? 'Phi*.* 10 wa ? bc V the lovod one, claiming i n«oicest chamber in her heart? ub of golden hue her fingers' tender pressing, methinks, she's vainly guessing u prophesied were true. YoiM between her finger-tips, ,HTP*y maid of wisdom magic; "a ft worth a death so tragic • o r the music iff her lips? ~r rmj)fmp»tcr Sherman, in Century Maga THE TWO MARTHENS. A Sto That Illustrate, th* gome Time Convenience of a Double. Ann Marthen, civil engineer ami fail«- builder, whose headquarters were. New York, suffered more or less near! every day of his life for the rea son tit there was another man of ex actlyie same name who also lived in New'ork but had no business or pro fessiowhatever. The men were unlike in alpst every particular, except that both ere bachelors and fond of ladies. Ansopfarthen, the engineer, earned a pleas^f number of dollars every year and avays paul his nillsassoon as they were presented; his nominal double ne vermied a penny and never paid a hill wen he could avoid it, and as this pecul^ity had liecome prominent enoug to be talked about, it occasion ally ssjected the honest Marthen to ex asperäng indignities from persons who knewhe name, but not the men who Lore i The dishonest Marthen, on the contrary, got all necessary credit at tailors shops, livery stables, and even hotelsrhere the existence of two Mar thens tas not known; he had merely to «levisejomc excuse to talk of railroads and engineering to be taken for his en tirely reputable double. His bills, in the cofse of time, reached the engi neer's jffice, and were the cause of much profani language from the wrong Mar then, if id much fun among the two or tiiree ilerks and draughtsmen whom the bisy railroad builder empl One thng, however,he could and would do; hevould manage to see his trouble some dmble so that he might afterward know hm by sight and defend himself againsthim whenever he found himself in dost social or business proximity to the rtscal. h^prthen was informed that theman who lived upon the engi nee r's eputation was at Saratoga, so tb« indignant man hastily packed his trunk aid hurried oft' to that crowded village. On tip train he chanced to find pleasant and entirely innocent travel ing acqiiintance. A well dressed, not uneomeb lady who sat in front of him cndcavoied to raise a window and Marthenhastened to assist her, getting a pleasnit smile and a word of thanks in payntnt. Marthen skillfully in volved tic lady in conversation, and finding, to his great delight that she was iimUilc but not smart, quite sus ceptible, yet not inclined to flirt, he became wry devoted. Marthen was so favorably impressed by his new ac quaintane that he regretted, on leaving the train that he had not strained his habitual sourtesy enough to learn her name, aid ask the honor of bein; again allaved to meet her, for she hm let drop tat she was a widow. As he igned the hotel register the clerk reactne signature and winked at a rather nugh-looking man with whom he had ben talking; then the rough looking tan read the signature and exclaimed •'You'r< just the man I'm looking for, Mr. Mr then; I've only just been able to fid out where you were stop ping; can! you give me a check for this carriçe bill? It's been runninj nearly a Qonth, and the boys sail you—" "I'm ni the man you want," said Marthen, rst saying somethihg that would notpok well in print. "Your line is—" "Yes, yi," interrupted Marthen; "but there another man of the same name, am he's a swindler. I came here to rt him down; I've got de tectives aft him; come here this even ing and tly will put you on his track." For an lur or more Marthen was in a very batemper, but he grew calmer when, strling out to look at the crowds ((carriages and their occu pants, heinet several acquaintances who had tiporarily abjured billiards or flirting t the same purpose. As he chatted wt one of these a carriage passed sloly and Marthen saw in it the amiabliittlo widow he had met on the train iffte morning. She did not seem to regnize him, but his friend raised his it and was smiled upon. "Who ise, Jcnks?—tell me, quick." "She's k Whitlayton, widow of Will Whitlton, who was just startin to make fortune in wool when, couple of vis ago, he took pneumonia an d died, f left her $20,000 or $30, 0J0, thougl , , w "Has sneoy family?" asked Mar then. . "No; she takes her home wi th an uncle and It- whom she doesn t love any to well'm told. Excuse me a moment," dinued Marthen's friend, taking the at of a gentleman who was about to patient, "here's a good fel low you. oui to know; Crunch, do you know niriend Anson -Marthen? Mr. Martheilr. Crunch." "I'm very Sad to know you, sir, said Mr. Cray "but, if it isn't too im pudent a qu<pn to ask on so short an acquaintancuhy are you strolling on foot with Freiere, while your charm ing fiancee iding alone?" "My liane?" exclaimed the engi neer, In astonment, while hU friend looked inouinv. T hope I am not mistaken," said Mr. Crunch. "I've been told that Mrs. Whitlayton was soon to become Mrs. Anson Marthen." Marthen's face blackened, as he ex claimed, through tightly closed teeth: "Gentleman, this is horrible. I never knew the lady's name until five min utes ago. My villainous double—you know all about hirn, Fred—that, rascal has probably made love to her for her money and' persuaded her to marry him. What is to be done?" One gentleman shrugged his shoul ders,and the other raised his eye-brows; Mr. Crunch finally said: "I suppose its nobody's business; the lady has been married before;she ought to be able to choose for herself. ' ' "I'll make it my business," hissed Marthen, and he turned abruptly and hurried to his hotel, where ho had the rood fortune to find a detective await ng him and full of news. The scape grace Marthen, he said, bad been living quietly at a small Hoarding-house, but his servant, who had not been paid for so long that he w-as willing for a ten dollar bill to tell all he knew, suspected a wedding for his master had ordered a dress suit. Marthen almost lost his head in his rage, but the detective rapidlv laid a flan to entrap the rascal. He would dire the negro to steal his master's overcoat and hat, which he, the de tective, would put on and then call upon the minister, just after dark, w'ith the hope of successfully assuming the manner and appearance of the rogue and worming himself into the secret. Marthen approved the plan in general, but insisted upon one change; lie would w-ear the coat and hat himself. The detective consented, for, after all, money w as what he was working for, and he w as being well paid for Ins ser vices. The negro was again bribed, and he not only stole the overcoat and hat, but named the hour at which his master had told him he would go out. Then the faithful servant led Marthen to the sickly minister's boarding-house, while the detective prevented the other Mar then escaping. Marthen, the engineer, scarcely knew- what to do; he paced the sidewalk opposite the designated garden; he saw- figures oocasstonally enter and emerge, but none that he could recognize. Suddenly, however, just after two plainly dressed women had passed in, a thin figure crossed the street and whispered: "She is there." "Marthen followed the preacher,won dering in what words to break gently to Mrs. Whitlayton the intelligence that the man she had agreed to marry was a worthless scamp, but before he could say anything the lady was lean ing on his arm, and the minister was saying: "As night air—ahem—is very dan gerous to my lungs—ahem—I know you will excuse mo for losing no time. Anson Marthen, do you take this woman to be your wedded wife?" Marthen was so astonished that he could scarcely maintain his position or find his tongue. He recovered, how ever, as Mrs. Whitlayton pressed closer to his side and whispered: "Speak—quick—if you love me!" "1 do," said Marthen, softly, yet earnestly. "Yes," whispered the lady. "Then," said the minister, "I pro nounce you man and wife, and what God has joined together let no man put asunder. Mr. Marthen, I will have the certificate ready in the morning, if you will send for it." "Come away at once," whispered the bride, "If the dreadful enemies you wrote me about should see you, what would happen?" Marlhen talked little but thought rap idly as he drew his wife away and rap idly along. At the first secluded spot he reached, however, he placed his arms around her, with one hand ready to place over her mouth should she at tempt to shriek, he rapidly explained himself. As he had already discov ered, Mrs. Whitlayton was not smart. She was so dazed by all she heard that she knew nothing but that she had been legally married to a man whom she had never seen but twelve hours before, but whom she had then determined was very much of agentleman. Whatcould she do in her (lelicate position but act according to his advice, which was that they should take the night train for New York and go to her new husband's home and his mother? So they did, and when they reached there, and the son had explained to his mother, the bride confided to her mother-in-law t hat it seemed she had known her husband for a year. And the Anson Marthen who re mained a bachelor recovered his hat and overcoat without recourse to law .—The Hour. —Half a century ago a Mr. Walden, of Portland, Me., had four strangely as sorted pets—a paiTot, a monkey, a tame fox and a Newfoundland puppy. The parrot has seen his companions, one af ter another, go the way of all flesh, and now, at the age of sixty years, is still one of the most important members of Lieutenant George Walden's family. Contemplation of the vicissitudes of life has subdued the loquacity which was formerly- the parrot's chief failing, and the bird is now, to all appearances, one of the most profound thinkers in the State of Maine .—Boston Post. —An electric light introduced in a Pennsylvania coal-mine the other day scared a lot of mules there out of their wits; and miners said it was the first time one of the animals was eve! known to show fear underground.— Philadelphia Press. to and N. side a and the the the It in is a to to in it of The Rattlesnake. In favorable localities rattlesnakes occur in amazing plenty, and the stories to be heard in every State, of "dens," where they writhe in countless numbers and dreadful intimacy, have some foundation. l)e Kay cites an instance where two men, in Warren County, N. Y., about 1840, slaughtered 1,100 rattlesnakes in three days on the eastern side of Tongue Mountain. In 1877 a farmer killed seventy-six raassasaugas in a cranberry marsh of ( 'raivfom County, Ohio, whore are still harbored many serpents disappearing elsewhere. Some swamps and eanebrakes in the far south swarm with the dreaded eottonmouth, and local species occur in thousands on parts of the plains and Rooky Moun tains, particularly in the tufa craters of warm springs, in Utah. But perhaps the nearest approach to the "den " of the sensational picture is an island in Pyramid lake. Nevada, whore during the warm months "it is absolutely dan gerous to walk about those parts of the island where they are colonized." This animal is easily killed or dis abled, however, and has in man an im placable enemy not only directly but in many indirect ways; yet there are few localities favorable to him Where ho has been exterminated. You can find rat tlesnakes in plenty, for example, witfiin five miles of the center of New Haven. It is doubtful if any of the soveral species will ever suffer extinction. Scales being undistensible and never falling out to be replaced, like hair and feathers (with which they have no homology), serpents get room for growth and renew their coats periodic ally by- sloughing oft' the entire skin, underneath which a new external skill has formed and separated itself from the now faded and husky cuticule. This process occurs during August in the adult, two or three changes happening in a single summer with youngsters, who outgrow their vestments very speedily. It is a popular idea that this midsummer sloughing occupies a con siderable period, during which the ser pents are harmless, because blind. It is quite supposable that this might be so, since the outer layer of the cornea of the eye peels oft'with the slough, and during a few preceding days the eye has a dull and filmy appearance. But cap tive snakes, given active mice at this time, attack them without hesitation or missing. After the molt the eye gleams bright and cold like a jewel, but with a sullen, ferocious and relentless expres sion, for it is overhung by the bony penthouse of the broad, strong superor ltable bones that give a fulcrum for the powerful muscles of the jaws. This cruel eye and its fixed stare introduces the once vexing question of fascination; but before discussing it, some account of the food and feeding habits of our sub ject will be well. The disposition of the whole family is sluggish and opposed to any active movement and even in taking its prey, beyond the one lighting swift blow that smites it down—so startling a contrast to the ordinary lethargy! The mocassin, to be sure, is somewhat an exception, since he is a good swimmer and chases in their element frogs, water snakes, tadpoles, and the less agile fishes, like the catfish. The most rapid exertions of rattle snakes are aroused in fieeing from dan ger; yet, when doing their best on open ground, their pace can easily be equaled by a child, without running, as l have seen on the plains, so that a blacksnake or a Entania, could not only overtake, but circle round aud round them. Their plan in food-getting, then, is not to pursue their prey, but to lie in wait for it and strike before their presence is suspected. Protected by his colors, that assimilate him to the haunts he most frequents, whether woods or rocks, as in the eastern crotall, or the barren up lands chosen by the far western species; the shaded morasses threaded by the dark-skinned massasaugas; the' lush meadows where the copperhead lurks; the stream-bank or ricc-ndge where the eottonmouth plunges into tlie water; or the yellow weeds under whose mottled shadows the little ground rattle«*; be come visible—hidden, and motionless for hours together in one or another of these resorts, the erotulus coils in patient vigilance. " Though aware of tne pas senger's presence, ho either lies quiet or glides away to a more retired spot." His course is that of the darkey who was urged to follow one into the thicket and kill it: " Massa. I nebber hodders nullin' wot don't bodder me; I makes dat a rule!" Here, again, nevertheless, an exception must be noted for the cop perhead, and more especially for the moccasin—vicious reptiles, asking little provocation before inflicting their dead ly wound. Holbrook says the moccasin " attacks everything that comes within its reach, erecting its head and opening its mouth for some seconds before H bites." All other snakes put in a cage with it show the keenest terror. No species of crotalus, however, will follow the object of its rage as do some of the non-venomous serpents Such are facts respecting the food getting of the rattlesnakes, while those of other serpents would furnish an equally prosaic explanation; yet the notion that the small, bead-like eye, and tongue darting forked flame from black lips, exerted a charm or fascination upon smaller animals, luring them within reach of the fatal stroke, is as old as the fabled basilisk—older, indeed, for to it, no doubt, the very image of the basilisk owes its origin. Traveling westward, it came to America with the earliest bookmakers, and was at once attached to our subject and to the black snake. "Birds have been seen to drop into its mouth," wrote Penant; "squir rels descend from their trees, and leverets run into its jaws. Terror and amazement seem to lav hold on these little animals," etc., etc. "All agree," says old Catesby, of South Carolina, who confesses he never witnessed the phenomenon of fascination for himself —" all agree in the manner of the pro cess, which is that the animals, particu larly birds andsquirrele.nosoonerspy the snake than they skip from spray to spray hovering and approaching gradually nearer the enemy, regardless of any other danger, but with distracted gest ures and outcries, descend though from the tops of the loftiest trees, to the' mouth of the snake who opens his jaws, takes them in, and instantly swallows them ."—Ernest Ingersoll, in The Man hattan. A Stage-Coach Dialogue. The seat of honor and pleasure in a journey overland is by the driver, and there is always a scramble for it, and the one who succeeds in securing it is regarded as a lucky fellow'. I got left in my contest for a seat on the top and found myself recently inside of the stage, with a clergyman and a man whom I took for a miner, during a trip to Silver City, N. M. The preacher and I.sat on the back seat, and tho native sat facing us. He was dressed in the regulation costume of the country: Dark pants stuck in his boots and held up bv a six-shooter buckled around the waist, blue flannel shirt, flaming red necktie, and a great som brero. A knife was stuck in his boot and ho carried a Winchester rifle on the seat beside him. Taking him all in all, he was about us ugly looking a specimen of humanity as I have met. As the stage rolled along, the miner looked out of the window as if in deep thought. The preacher and I entered into conversation, during which ho asked my business. I told him, when he asked: "Do the great papers buy literary articles?" "Yes, sir, when they are good." "Do they pay for them liberally?" "They do, when they' accept the arti cles." "Well, I have got some very inter esting subjects I could write about," lie continued, as the stage jolted over tho rough road, making it a little hard to distinguish what he was saying. "For five years I was a missionary at Siam and saw many strange and oven start ling things." "What were those scenes you refer to?" I askod. "Well, the punishment of criminals was exceedingly strange and is worthy of description. When a person is con victed of crime there ho is taken out upon the public square for execution. Ills neck is bared well down upon the shoulders, and the executioner dips his finger in mud and with it. makes a mark upon the neck of the doomed man." "What kind of mud?" shouted the miner in a voice like a thunder-clap, while he glared at the parson savagely. I noticed that, although lie kept peer ing out of the window, ho hail followed our conversation for some time. A sort of yellowish mud," replied the preacher, evidently disturbed by the miner's look and manner. But ho con tinned. The executioner then takes his heavy sword and with one quick and decisive blow severs the victim's head from his body." "It's an infernal lie," yelled the min r, in tones that might have been heard four miles. "The boys do occasionally hang a horse-thief there, and the town has a pretty bad name, but they never cut people's heads off. There ain't only one sword in the whole place, and that belongs to n militia Captain and wouldn't cut the head off of a turnip." "But I was a missionary there for five years," meekly interposed the min ister. "And I was a barber there for seven years, and I never shaved you, neither." "My friend, that can not be; for tho people never shave there." "That's another of your infernal lies; they're as clean a shaven set of people as thar is in the West. You're a nice man'to be giving the town a bad name after you have left it. If it weren't kind of agin the fashion to hit a parson I'd knock your head oft' of you fur your lies," cried the miner, getting madder everv minute. "My dear friend," said the minister, imploringly, and evidently much dis turbed for his safety, "there certainly must be some mistake. You do not mean to say that you were a barber in the Kingdom of Siam, where people nevershaveP" "Oh! I thought you were talking about Cheyenne," said the miner, as he fell back into his chair disgusted. 1 was the only man who seemed to enjoy this amusing incident, and even I found it good policy to show as little disposition to laugh as possible. The stage rolled on for miles after it oc curred, and not a word was spoken by any one. The miner looked more in tently than ever out of the window, and yet there was not an expression on his stolid face to indicate what his thoughts were. The preacher looked as intently out from the opposite side of the stage, and I spent my time watching-the min er, looking at the strange region through which we were passing. —Cor. Philadel phia Press. near live of thus to a the ing to a to to s. —Sea Girt and Spring Lake, the twin seaside resorts on the Jersey coast, now have the patronage of those "awfully exclusive" Philadelphians who used to hold forth at Long Branch in the old days, but who now think it overrun with "those horrid New Yorkers."— Detroit Post SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. — Grape-culture is assuming large pro portions in North Carolina. One grower near Charlotte expects to ship twenty live tofts of the fruit this season.— N. Jr. Tribune. —According to the Weisz system of type-setting, recently introduced in Vienna, the type is cast in syllables, common prefixes, suffixes, etc., instead of letters, and a great saving of time is thus effected, it is claimed. —A pieco of oyster-ground off Mil ford, Conn., containing six hundred acres, has been sold to parties in Cali fornia, who )iave been shipping seed oysters quite extensively to that coast to plaut in San Francisco bay .—Boston Herald. —A New Orleans man has discovered a new mode of tanning and preserving the skin of Louisiana's bird, the peli can, by which the feathers are not dam aged and the bird's skin with tho feathers on it can be utilized for mak ing turbans and hats for ladies.— N. O. Picayune. —Those who object to the odors of tho disinfectants used at the present day will find charcoal unobjectionable on this account, while it absorbs gases in a surprising way; pieces can be laid on plates and put out of sight iu a sick room.— N. Y. Times. —Tho nettle, a growth common to nearly all of tho States, and which has hitherto been a source of great trouble to farmers, has now been found to yield a fiber, which it is claimed, will sup plement cotton in the manufacture of cloth. Cloth made from it, on trial, has been adjudged equal in toxturu and ap pearance to linen .— Chicago Journal. —A Swiss watchmaker iu Pennsyl vania has completed an automatic clock, which for intricate mechanism is said to surpass the celebrated one at Stras burg. During twelve hours it plays three musical selections, and 2,022 au tomatic movements are made. Of course, the machinery is go arranged as to per mit the entire performance of the au tomatons taking place every fifteen or twenty minutes .-—Philadelphia Press. —Mr. F. L. Slocum has examined the ink for writing on glass and, according to the American Journal Pharmacy , re ports that it is made by mixing barium sulphate, three parts; ammonium fluo ride, one part; and sulphuric acid q. s. to decompose the ammonium lino ride and make the mixture of a semi fluid consistency. It should lie pre pared in a leaden dish, and kept in a gutta-percha or leaden bottle. —Turpentine is regarded by many persons as an antidote to poisoning by phosphorus. It is not the ordinary turpentine which should bo given, but the acid French turpentine, or old tur pentine which has been exposed to the air long enough to have become ozon ized by absorbing oxygon. If this be administered while the phosphorus is still in the stomach it, changes the poi son into an inert substance which re sembles spermaceti. After phosphorus has entered into the circulation the only remedy is transfusion of fresh blood into tlic veins.— N. I'. Times. PITH AND POINT. -The sale of boot-jacks last year i\ ns 91,000 less than the year before. Is this country going to bed with her boots on ?—Detroit Free Press. —Three-fifths of the fashionable alli gator satchels and pocket-books are made from pig-skin. This, at least, is the allegation, but perhaps the allegator lies .—Philadelphia News. —"1 am saturated to the epidermis," said the high-school girl, throwing her gum boots into the corner. " I don't wonder at that," replied her mother; "they give you such hard lessons at school ! "— N. Y. Journal. —Tho Crow Indians have been caught putting rocks in tho bales of hay they sell to tho Government.. The day is not far distant when all Indians will be civilized enough to vote .—Philadelphia News. —In modern Egypt a young man is not permitted to see his wife's face before marriage. Whoever has invested in prize packages can imagine the feel ings of tho average young Egyptian as ho gazes on his trinket for the first time .—Modern Argo. —"A beautiful Boston girl has crossed to Europe in the steerage of tho Cunard liner, just to see how it was," says an exchange. For the same reason her mother has been keeping hoarders to pay the daughter's expenses.— AT. O. Picayune. —They were approaching an ice cream saloon, and she said : "Oh, Charley, I'm going to have a new dress cut bias—Oh—oo. S-p-p-p !—there's an ice-cream saloon. Goody!" "Yes, and it is like your new dress, for it will be cut by us;" and the horrid old wretch led the panting damsel across the street .—New Haven Begister. —Little Johnny says that when he was a baby, his mother tells him that he was as good as pie, and used to sleep all night and half the day. Now, when he does not get up the first time he is called, he gets a fearful scolding and occasionally something else beside. He can't see why what was praiseworthy in the infant should bejreprehensible iu the boy.— N. Y. Post. —Miss Jenny Marks, of Baltimore, won a sewing-machine by making a guess at the number of pills in a bottle in a window. There were 25,100 pills in the bottle, and she guessed 25,190. There were over 5,000 guesses, and the worst one was a guess of 9.000,000. The man who guessed 9,000,000 was one of those fellows who get their edu duty tract note was take ule Mike and next. haul late rived gave the I It II. The is mid tee no an it and of an nite A sion The of not, the to its He by to on •.v uur cn iiiuac icuuws wuu iuuu caiu cation by reading gas-meters.— Oil Citu Derrick. iu a the was COMMERCIAL LAW. Drlef Digests of Late Désistons. Compiled Spec tally for the St. Louis Connues «tut Oatette.l VKNDOK AND VENDEE. Where a seller has performed all his duty to a portion of the things sold,that portion becomes tho property of the pur chaser and at ids risk, whether the con tract is an entirety or not. J. was in embarrassed circumstances and owed a note to H. which had not matured. , It was agreed between them that H. should take lumber out of T.'s yards at sched ule prices, in full payment. H. was to Mike all of T.'s poplar lumber on hand and the balance in pine ceiling. II. ac cordingly pioked out the poplar lumber, whieb was counted to him by J. in bundles as it lay, each bundle being marked with the number of feet it con tained, which marking was accepted as correct. The amount of feet, and their value was then calculated and agreed upon, and the balance ascertained which II. was to tuko in pine ceiling next. day. H. left the poplar lumber where it lay, by itself in bundles In a separate shed in J.'s yank and was to haul it away next morning. This was late in the afternoon. Before II. ar rived next, morning the property was attached by another creditor of J. H. claimed it and the attaching creditor gave bond for it. Held, in an action on the bond by H. that on theso facts the I It In to tho poplar lumber had passed to II. ut tho date of tho attachment, ac cording to tho intention of the original parties to tho transfer of the lumber.— State to the use of Holland et al. va. The Knapp, Stout & Co. Company, 8t. Louis Court of Appeals. DECLARATION OF TRUST AND DEED. If a conveyance is made to a trustee upon trust thereafter to be declared, or designated, by the grantor, tho trustee is bound by such declaration and desig nation us completely as If the deed and declaration of trust were simultaneous mid part ami one of the same transac tion. When a deed from a father to an infant child Is executed and acknowl edged, but never delivered to the gran tee or put upon record, and there are no other acts of the grantor manifesting an intention to make an operative grant, it will not be considered as onerative and conveying any title. A declaration of trust to use the property "for the mirposc of providing an agricultural home for poor boys in connection with an industrial school," is sufficiently defi nite to create a valid trust and donation. A test to determine whether a trust is siitfioiently definite, is to inquire whether upon the neglect of the trustee to per form, there is sufficient certainty to enable a court of equity to take posses sion of the fund aud exociito tlio trust. The fact that the dueds and declaration of trust were not placed upon reoord until after the grantor's death, does not, in view of the fact, that they, with the personal property, were delivered to tlio trustee properly indorsed by the donor, defeat the title of the trustee.— Geraglity vs. Ireland ot al.. United States Circuit Court for the Northern District of Illinois. AliENT I'LEDUINO SECURITY, The plaintiff was entrusted by the de fendant with one of its bonds to use as collateral security in raising money for its own use, on tho note of a third person, lie did, in faot pledge the bond with one of Ills own notes, but ac counted to the company for the pro ceeds, and was then and for a time Uiercufter its creditor for a large sura. He subsequently became a defaulter, owing the compnny far more than the amount of the bond. In a suit upon it by the pledgee, it was held lie liait sub stantially complied with his duty, and that the defendant, having received the money nt the time without objection as to tlio manner in which it was raised, must be considered to have ratified his action. Flemming vs. Camden & At lantic Railroad Company, Philadelphia Court Common Pleas. for his personal enjoyment there was no right of recovery against TRESPASSING ON RAILROAD. A child of tender years was standing on tho platform of a railroad company, •.v here he claims ho was struck by a pro jection from the side of u passing traiu, pulled from the platform and injured. He was not a passenger, nor had he business of any kind with the railroad company or its agents or employes, but was simply loitering upon the jilat.form •y against the railroad company for the injuries sustained. It makes no difference in such a case whether it be a child or an adult, the question of tre-puss remains the same.—Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company vs. Schwindling, Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. PRESUMPTION or DEATH. The presumption of death from an ab sence of seven years is held not to apply to a case where the person's absence is accounted for by the fact of his having lied to escape the consequences ol ap propriating trust moneys, and hence had a strong motive for silence and conceal ment of his whereabouts.—Estate of Wolff, deceased, Orphan's Circuit ol Philadelphia. CONTRACT FOR SERVICE. Where one. employed for a definite time, at a gross sum, is unlawfully dis charged before the expiration of his terra he may recover as damages the difference between the contract prico and the amount received by him to gether with what he was enabled to earn during the term after his discharge. — ------—c *--------- » Citu —Everson vs. Powers, New York Court I of Appeals,