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ST, CHARLES HERALD.
Published Every Saturday, in a Rich Sugar, Molasses aud Rice Producing Country. VOLUME XI. HAHNVILLE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1883. NUMBER 36. TEE $Ea OF DEADLY TOYS. The days of marbles, top and kite, And nil the toy? that boys excite. Will soon have passed away; And in their stead, that thin# of droad, The pistol .toy tholr blood will shod In a most wholesale way. In dynamite we take delight, E'n though it fill the Czar with fright, And cuuscs Englund pain. Give us t.h* dynamitic guii, So that our boys can have some fun With giant powder toys; Let'iDjaya benzine and keroseno Worked U]1 frith nitro-glycerine For'our dear little boys. Prepares them' for an early tomb Before they're fully ripe? It hag been sung: "The good die young,» And, ffè.igh our withers are unwrung, Our tears are left to wipe. Now that the Fourth has pussed away. With all its noise and revels gay, Let powder-flonds prepare A deadlier toy for every boy. To help him join the hosts of joy, And climb the golden stair. —N. Y. Journal. WOODEN COINS. A Story of California Banking In Early Days. "You see," he continued, "I'm a carpenter, and when I landed in San Francisco I opened a shop and did better than some huckies in the mines. I did mostly tine jobs, such as fitting up saloons, cabinet work and making gambling truck—the last queer things, I tell yon, full of tricks to cheat the greenies. "Une day, I got an order for a lot of wooden adobes. 'Adobes' were gold pieces of the value of fifty dollars each, and the man who gave the order—the played-out Secretary now hauling up a toni cod yonder—wanted 1,000. I smelled a rat, but kept mum, as secrecy was the keystone of half my trade. I set my lathe to work in a room care fully locked, and in due time had the contract filled. 'Now, I want you to gild these slugs,' said the Secretary, •and send them down to Adams & Co.'s office about the time the mail steamer gets iu. Keep dark and send in your bill. I did. Old Moise let me have one of his gilders, and he did the work in good style. But for the weight, you would never have taken those 'slugs' for anything but the simon-pure article. In the drawers they made, a line display —looking what they were intended to represent—$50,000 in gold. I boxed them up, and sent them to Adams & Co.'s under cover of night, and read in the papers next morning of the arrival of $50,000 in 'adobes,' consigned to the banking house of—well you know the place on Montgomery street, near Clay —as for the name, that's nothing—it's ns dead as the bank, its President, and its Board of Directors. I smiled, but said nothing. The addition of those 1,000 'slugs' helped the concern amaz ingly; it was only three month's old, but it stood on its legs at once. I took some pride in the affair myself, as I was the creator of its financial support. "Thirty days passed. Then I saw the Secretary. We met on the 'old corner' one rainy night, and, after a drink, fell a chatting. Jenkins had just been banged on the Plaza for safe-cracking, and this brought up the subject of rob bery. " 'Como over to the bank,' said the Secretary; 'I've got something privately to tell you. This place is too public.*' "We crossed the street, entered a small room, and resumed the conver sation. It lasted till midnight and was rather interesting. A CURIOUS PLOT. "The Secretary had received an anonymous letter stating that an at tempt would be made to rob the bank on Thursday night. He said the direc tors had given him full power to act; that he wanted a reliable man to watch the bank, and his watchman could not be trusted, adding he wished me to ac cept the position. I agreed, and the pay was big; and, arming myself, went on duty. This'was Saturday night follow ing the conversation. I went on at nine o'clock. When the Secretary left he gave me a pitcher of toddy, also a hand ful of cigars. He told me to drink when ever I was dry, and cautioned me not to use my pistol unless absolutely nec essary. Something in his manner as well as language aroused my suspi cions. I tasted the liquor in tho pitcher. It did not taste like very good toddy. It had a brackish taste, and added to my misgivings. I thought it drugged, yet was so fond of liquor that in spite of this I took a glassful. I soon felt its ef fects, grew stupid, and at last sank into a sort of semi-doze. I was drugged! Another glass would have stupefied me completely. As it was, I was helpless, yet cognizant of events. About eleven o'olock, as I learned afterward, I heard the door in the rear of the room open. 1 had forgotten to lock it when the Sec retary went out. "I'was unable to move, but saw a man with his lace masked enter, look at me a moment, then pass rapidly to where .the safe stood. He unlocked it, took out a bag of gold dnst and moved toward the door. There another man received the bag and passed it out. The second man then came back and seized a pan of doubloons, which he passed to his confederate. These put away, the bogus 'adobes' were next carried out; in fact, the burglars seem ed most anxious to secure these, which circumstance I afterward easily ex plained. All this occurred in a space of a few minutes, as the burglars seem ed thoroughly posted in regard to the location of their plunder. All this time, tob, I lav motionless upon the settee, anxious and willing to act, but unable to move a muscle. At last the last pan at 'adobes' was removed. "The men then paused near the door, and 1 heard one say; 'Is that all?' 'All,' was the reply. 'Then fix him,' said tho ii;sl speaker. 'All right,' answered his fellow, drawing a slung-shot from under his coat. My blood ran cold, for I saw the villains had resolved to mur der me as a clincher to their crime.' The shock roused me from my tranco. I made one desperate effort, silently cocked the 'Allen's pepper-box' with which I was armed, and fired at the two men as they stood together. A yell followed the report, the slugs fell rattling on tho floor, and the miscreants heat a hasty retreat. I heard the groans of the wounded man as he passed along the corridor,-but was unable to rise or fire a shot after him; in fact, I lost conscious ness; did not wake till it was daylight, when I found a crowd around me. I then told my story to the officers of tho bank, who cautioned me to 'keep quiet,' which I did. The affair soon blew over, for in those days all was excitement, and the robbing of a bank, even with the wounding or killing of a man, was but a trille on a boiling ocean." "But how about the Secretary?" "Jim Casey, who was afterward hanged by the' Vigilance Committee of '56, took me to see him the next morn ing. "The Secretary was in bed—sick, 1 was told, with rheumatism, but I learned afterward he had 'accidentally' shot himself iu the leg! Casey got me to sign a paper, in which I stated that I knew the men who robbed the bank, and knew them to be well-known jail birds. Warrants were procured for the arrest of the rascalsj but, 1 believe, were never served. I drew a cheek for $500 the same day, and was sent on a voyage to Honolulu; cautiqned as usual to keep my mouth shut. I was absent nearly a year, drawing $100 a month for the privilege of staying away. At the end of that time the 'pension' stopped, and I returned, working my way as carpen ter on a whaler. 1 foiind the bank had ceased to qxist—a gambling'saloon tak ing its place. I felt I had been ill-used, went in and fought the tiger, losing everything, even to the pistol with which I shot that rascal hauling in that tomcod." "What do you suppose was the ob ject in robbing the bank?" "Why, to corral those 1,000 'adobes.' Some malicious individual,who doubted the bank's solvency, put an item in a picayune sheet to the effect that those slugs wouldn't ring If thrown into a saw pit. A little spark in a paper often starts a blaze, and a 'run' was immi nent on the bank. The directors, of course, kept stiff upper lips, appeared to treat the matter with contempt, hut concluded to yank off their bogus coin' under cover of a robbery. Another f lass of punch in my stomach would ave made it a success. Confound that Secretary! I sometimes feel like chuck ing him into the bay. He would have killed me as coolly as ho would a rat." "Did the 'adobe' fraud ever leak out 3 " "Yes, but counted nothing. The bank was smashed the moment the 'run' was started. Ralston, who had a weakness for institutions of that kind, tried to save it, but couldn't put up enough coin. He retired, and the bal loon collapsed."— Sun Francisco Bul letin. The Hooded Leopard. In Africa and Southern Asia tho chee tah or hunting leopard is important to the sportsman. The animals resemble the common leopard in their markings, but are more slender, having long legs and certain external canine characteris tics that are very noticeable, so that it was long thought a connecting link be tween the dogs and cats. In Persia it is called the youze , and they are car ried to the field in low cars, whereon they are chained. Each leopard is hooded. When the hunters come within view of a herd of antelopes the leopard is unchained, his hood is removed, and the game is pointed out to him, being directed in the pursuit by his sight. Then lie steals along cautiously and crouchingly, taking advantage of every means of masking Ms attack, till lie has approached the herd unseen within killing distance, when he suddenly launches himself upon his quarry with five or six vigorous and rapid bounds, strangles it instantaneously, and drinks its blood. The huntsman now ap E roaches the leopard, caresses him, wins im from his prey by placing the blood which he collects in a wooden ladle un der the nose of the animal, or by throw ing to him pieces of meat, and while he is thus kept quiet hoods him, leads him back to his car, and there chains him. If the leopard fails, in consequence of the herd having taken timely alarm, he attempts no pursuit, but returns to his car with a dejected and mortified air. The hyena and ounce have also been used in hunting, while the wild dog of Africa is often in demand. In Asia tiger-hunting would be practiced less were it not tor the elephants, who seem to enjoy the dangerous sport as well as their riders, who are safely housed on their backs. These intelligent animals are also used in capturing wild animals of their own kind, and are important factors in the training and subduing process that comes later. The horse was formerly used in England to stalk animals. They were trapped so that the rider was concealed, and so feeding along the animal gradually brought the sportsman nearer the game. In the inventories of the wardrobe belonging to King Henry VIH. is the allowance of certain qualities of stuff for the purpose of making stalking coats and stalking hose for the use of his Majesty.— N. Y. Evening Post. An Arizona Wonder. Very few of our citizens are aware of the existence of a natural bridge in Arizona which, in grandeur and beauty of structure, fully equals and perhaps surpasses the great natural bridge in Virginia. Yet such a bridge exists, and may be reached by a journey of less than one hundred miles from Phénix. The trip is an easy one, for the wagon-road runs within two miles of the bridge, and the tourist who turns his steps in that direction will consider himself well paid for his trouble. During a recent trip through Tonto Basin and its numorous tributary val leys I found myself within seven miles of this great natural curiosity, and of course availed myself of the oppor tunity to visit. We were at the Gowan Mine, and, saddling our horses one lazy afternoon, we soon left seven miles of mountain trail behind us, and found ourselvos on the summit of a cypress crowned mountain, whose steep eastern slope descended abruptly 500 feet to a cozy little valley hemmed in on tho op posite side by an abrupt precipice of still greaterfceight. Descending with difficulty we find ourselves on a largo fiat, with an area of probably sixty acres With cultivated fields, in which corn was sprouting and potatoes wero already well grown. We stood on the crown of the bridge and did not know it, for this beautiful garden-spot is fringed on all sides with shrubbery and graceful trees, and one has to go 100 yards south and descend into a precipitous canyon before he is aware of the huge tunnel which Nature lias cut. through the solid roek beneath his feet. This bridge was discovered three years ago by Mr. John Gowan, who still lives on it. We found in Mr. Gowan an untiring guide through the' wonders of the bridge beneath, and, being a sincere lover of Nature and a very close ob server, he added greatly to tho pleasure of our trip by pointing out various curiosities and freaks of Nature which might pass unnoticed by the careless eye. We ascertained the next day, by the aid of a long fish-line, that the crown of the bridge at its southern spring is 168 feet, and the span is eighty feet. Its total width up and down the creek is 150 yards. About eight feet from the southern edge, ex actly in tho center of the arch, is a natural hole cut into the interior, and, by looking down this, a bird's-eye view is obtained of the bed of Pine Creek below at a perpendicular depth of sixty eight feet. But a full idea of the grandeur of this arch is not obtained until one stands beneath it and looks aloft. The stream which winds among the huge bowlders that strew the bottom lies here and there in dark pools of unknown depth, and the préci pitions sides are pierced by eaves and grottoes whose numerous windings and alleyways lead one far into the bowels of the mountains. Many of these'have been explored, and miiny more have never been trodden by tho foot of the white man; though from arrow-heads, pottery, and scraps of matting, mixed with bones and charred wood? we can see that our Indian brother has long been acquainted with these retreats. These grottoes are all hung with beauti ful stallactites, which take all imagin able forms; and any article, whether of wood or other soft substance, if placed beneath the streams which con stantly trickle from the roofs of these caverns, will in a short time become petrified. We gathered several petri fied pine-cones and brandies of trees, which were as hard as roek and as pel feet iu form and outline as if they had lately fallen from the trees.— Arizona Gazette. About Snakes. A man who lias devoted most of his life to the capture and study or rattle snakes and other ophidians is now a cigar dealer on Second street, where he entertains his friends and patrons with some of his experiences of snake hunt ing, and at the same time exhibits, free, many trophies of his skill. Mr. Gills belongs to a family that has long been famous for snake-catching, and that peculiar liking for the reptile has de scended to his youngest child, a boy of less than three years of age, who has not yet arrived àt the dignity of knick erbockers. In a back room there is a large cage containing six turtle-head snakes from Cuba, the largest of which is nearly eight feet long. In the corner dragging him bodily to the door of tho ease. The serpent wriggled and threw of the cage, reaching to its top, is a leafless tree, whereon the serpents stretch themselves when they are tired of sleeping in the sand that covers the floor. Little Georgie Cills goes among them as freely and as fearlessly as though they were tame doves, and has » pet name for each snake. When his father told him the other day to hand out "Barnum," he boldly seized the largest of the snakes back of the head and pulled him over his shoulder, i-------- •— J,, 7 to thr '-----* " r ent wriggl around tue trunk of the tree, hissing a little, meanwhile, as though angry, but the boy was too strong for him and soon handed him to his father. Then he seized in turn the other five snakes, varying from three to five feet in length, and forced them to climb the tree, up which they made their sinuous way very unwillingly and with the air of being forced to perform much against their wishes. They were mixed and intermingled finally in the top branches so that they seemed to be rolled into a ball, but when Georgie called them they disentangled them selves and glided to the ground again, where they once more coiled themselves up for another nap. "There is not a snake in that lot," said Mr. Cills, "that can not swallow a sparrow, and the big one, 'Barnum,' can got away with a big dock rat very easily. You hare no idea of the expan sion "the mouth of a snake is capable of undergoing. They are small, as you see, and their necks nre very slim, but by thoir constrictions and convolutions they can foroo down a morsel that is twice their own bulk. Like all other snakes, they must kill their own food. They will not touch au animal that is not given them alive, and would starve to death sooner than cat butchers' meat. That is a great mistake the natural his tories make when they say that tho ser pent salivates his prey before eating it. Not even the constrictor, (who can eat a sheep) does that- He coils himself around his victim after having 'struck* him and crushes him into such shape that he can gradually swallow him. I will let you soe 'Barnum' swallow a sparrow." The little bird was introduced into the cage aud instantly seized by tho snake. His struggles wer» very brief, for in an instant a coil was 'thrown around him and he wns crushed tc death. Thou "Barnum" maneuvered around tho cage for a minute or so, still keeping tho coil tightly pressed around the bird, forcing the wings closely to its side, and was ready for his feast. was oil) Seizing the sparrow by tho head (it wi dead now and released from the eoi the snake began a series of convulsive motions, and in about half a miubte the bird, that visibly distended the snake's lieok, wits out of sight. Talking of rat- 1 tlesuakes after tho exhibition, Mr. Cills [ said that showmen were often bitfen by | them, owing to ignorance of their na ture. "When a rattlesnake first comes into a show," he said, "his fangs aro 1 pulled out, and most showmen thiuk that after that there can be no (langet in handling him. That, is a mistake. ! The fangs will grow again unless they , nre cut out at the roots, and 1 have known of cases where a rattlesnake bit and poisoned his handler less than throe weeks after his fangs had been pulled. The rattlesnake's fangs bend inward, and are sharper than a lino needle at the end. ■ When the showmen want to destroy t hem they raise the rage of the snake by flaunting a silk hand kerchief in front of him. In his tinreas oning rage he seizes the handkerchief, and a clever jerk pulls out his fangs. Jack Draper, who was with Gardner's Circus ten or twelve years ago, got badly bitten by a snake whose faugs had been recently pulled out. He drank nino full glasses of whisky at once and went to sleep, and as soon as ho woke up he drank six more. He says the whisky did not intoxicate him, and that he had a dull numbness of the arm ami a general feeling of paralysis and drow siness that frightened him. Thanks to the whisky, he recovered in two or three slays'. "The rattles on a snake are not a sure indication of his age, as the naturalists tell us. They say lie gets a rattle every year. Now, I have had snakes that grew three rattles in a year, and some that did not have one in less than a year and a half. Florida rattlesnakes often get two rattles a year. I think they make more rattles when they are well fed and are in a warm place, ltattlo snakes in captivity are not as voracious as other snakes. Fifteen mice will food a good-sized snake for a month, but if you tempt him he will eat double that number, in his natural state lie lives on his fat in tho winter, and in oaptiv ity a snake lias been known to live more than a year without food. Fangless snakes can not kill their game, and I have put them in a cage with a snake with fangs, and have seen the latter strike their game for them. If I had killed the mouse or rat nothing would have prevailed upon the snake to eat it. "Did you ever know that rattlesnakes commit suicide? Well, they do. When we catch them we use a crotchod stick, and aim to fit tho crotch just back of the head. Sometimes we get it too far back, and that gives the snako a chance to bite himself. When ho sees he Inis no chance of escape ho bites himself, and in half an hour he is dead. If ho gets bitten iu a fight with another snake he glides off at full spoed to a marsh, where lie can get rattlesnake-weed, a sure antidote. The toad knows of this remedy, also, and often uses it after be ing bitten. We are apt to despise theso lowly reptiles, but they have good pluck, and often foil the rattlesnake. "Are rattlesnakes good to eat? Well, their flesh tastes like sucking pig and is perfectly transparent. I never make a practice of eating it, but I have tasted it fried, and have no hesitation in say ing that it was delicious."— Philadel phia Times. Cool. The Amesbury (Mass.) News relates that a trader of that town, accompa nied by his wife, visited a friendin Mor ritnac, a provision-dealer, who invited him to examine his iee-eloset. 'Tho Amesbury gentleman left his wife in the carriage and proceeded with his friend to an inspection of the iee-eloset, which they entered, the former pulling tho door to after him. A spring lock being attached to the outside of the door, they were prisoners iu the coolest place tho town could provide. In vain they shouted—their cries could not be heard. The wife, tired of waiting, took a short drive about town, and her husband not appearing on her return, she entered the store, but no one was to be seen. In passing a particular place she thought she heard voices, arid upon opening the door of the closet was surprised to §ee the gentlemen, who had become nearly exhausted by their close confia ment and endeavors to escape. PITH AND POINT. —This is one of the best mottoes over followed: Never trouble troublo until trouble troubles you. — "Boys and women," says an ex perienced observer, "always want to be where they aint." —A Kansas witling suggests that at Iowa doesn't owe a dollar she ought to change her name.— Chicago Tribune. —"No," said Mrs. McGill, "we didn't celebrate All Fool's Day at our house. The 'Squire never pays any at tention to logal hollow days; and as for me, I lool just as foolish one Day as another. ' '— Marathon Independent. —There aro few things so irritating in this life as to wait half an hour for your adversary at checkers, and then htvvo him look up, as just aroused from a nap, and stupidly inquire, "Whose move is it?"— Boston Transcript. —When travelling on a railroad it is said that lying with the head toward tho engine will often cure a headache. A more effective remedy is to lie with the head on tho railroad track in front of an engine. The latter recipe is war ranted or the money refundod.— Norris • town Herald. —"My son," said an Arkansaw col onel of the reformod school, "in life always make it a point not to fight. " "Suppose a man calls mo a liar, what must I do?" "Find out whether ho has told the truth or not. If he has, acknowledge the accusation, and if he lias not, movo to another neighbor hood."— Arkansaw Traveler. —A friend in the suburbs has a gern of a servant girl. Her latest achieve ment was to use pain-killer as a tliuor ing for Ice-cream. She buildod better than she know, and the bane and tho antidote for stomach-ache wore dished out at the same time. And yet. the Ice cream was not such as one would wish to partake of more than once.— Boston Herald. —Scone iu a kindergarten. The teacher had been tolling stories suitabio for very young minds. Pupil (agod seven years)—"I can tell a story, too." Teacher—"What is it aboutP" Pupil— "A story of tho lion and tho lfon." Teacher'— "Tell it." Pupil — "Tho wicked liee when no man pursueth; but tho righteous arc as bold as a lion." —Oolderi Days. —"Mr. Bllffkins, I do wish you would givo up that abominable practice of punning," said tho good lady to her man at breakfast tho other morning. "You don't like punning, my dear?" said old B., with affected surprise. "You know very well that I don't. I'd rather have a hedgehog in tho house than » punster." 'T see," said tho in corrigible brute. "Hedgehog, oil ? H'm—hog. Ah, yes—it's for pork-you pino," and he slipped under tho end of tho tablo just in time to dodge tho missile hurled at his head by tho now thoroughly exasperated woman.— N, Y. fast. SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. -In Oregon 8,000 men and $1,500, 000 capital are employed in the salmon fishing industry The fishermen mako as high as $'2,000 for four months' work. * —There are threo sardine factories, and a fourth nearly completed, in Lu boc, on the Maine coast. Between two hundred and three hundred men aro employed. —A shipment of three hundred bush els of red acorns has been made to Ger many for planting on untiliabiu lands and hillsides. This tree is found to do well in Europe, and its wood is valua ble. The acorns wore gathered in Mis souri at an average cost of one dollar a bushel.— N. Y. Examiner. —Tho construction of the mason work on the new Canada Southern Bridgo, at Niagara Falls, has begun on tho Cana dian side of tho river. Fifteen courses of stone iiave been laid on the American side, which makes the pier about thirty feet high, within ten foot of its total height.— N. Y. News. —Within the past four years 9,500 acres of land in and around Oharle mont, on the .lames River, in Virginia, have been sold In farms ranging from tweuty to three hundred acres to a thrifty class of Northern and Western people. They aro prospering beyond their expectations, and delighted with the promise for the future. —A stone of purplish brown color has been found in inexhaustible quantities near Summitville, in Coffee County, Tenn. It is susceptible of a fine finish. Samples of another kind have also been shown which are claimed to bo of the kind used for lithographing. Speci mens of both have been sent to the State Agricultural Commissioner. —Bread lias at times been put to cu rious uses, but it remained for a Peru vian to make a practical application of the old saw that bread, being a neces sity, is the mother of invention. He has just made a clock out of bread. He was too poor to get metal, so he used the soft part of the bread that made up his daily meals, contenting himself with the crusts. He employed a certain salt to solidify the material, and so manu factured a hadsonic clock that keeps excellent time. Next.— Chicago Inter Ocean. —Lordsburg, New Mexico, is a fron tier paradise. It has five hundred in habitants and thirty-seven saloons, besides a choice collection of dance houses and gambling dens. Since July 8, 1882, fourteen persons have died in the town, and the causes of death may be classified as follows: Lynched, one; murdered, three; suicides, six; small pox, three; doubtful, one. — Chicago Herald. COMMERCIAL LAW. Brief Dt|Mta of Late Decisions. Compiled Specially for tbs 8t- Louis Comiasr* olsl G «setts. 1 TELEGRAM AND DAMAGES. A telegraph company had certain printed rules and regulations, which, if they accompanied the original message sent, or were known by plaintiffs to ex ist in respoet to such message, became a contract between the parties. They provided that, "no claim for damages shall be valid unless presented in writ ing within twenty days from sending the message. ' ' The message in question was a night dispatch sent May 7, and promptly received by the office in New York, and immediately taken to the St. Nicholas Hotel, where one of the plain tiffs was stopping. But it was not then handed to him because of an error in the name, which read "Herman" In stead of "Heimann." The dispatch was handed to the proper person May 14. No claim for damages for such delay was presented to the company In writ ing or otherwise until May 81. Held, that the delay in receiving the message, occasioned by the mistake of tho com pany, should not modify tho condition and extend the time, because there was time enough left for stteh notice between May 14 and May 27. Twenty days Is not an unreasonably brief time within which to require notice. When the con tract does not specify the time within which nn act must be performed, what is a reasonable time will be a question of fact for tho jury. But when the time is fixed by the contract, the question of its reasonableness is one of law for the court to determine. The rule for twenty days' notice Is a valid oonditlon.—Hel inann ot at. vs. Western Union Tel. Co., Supreme Court of Wisconsin. TRESPASS ON PRIVATE GROUNDS. The owner of private grounds is under no obligation to keep them In a safe oonditlon for the benefit of, tres passers, Idlers,' baro licensees, or others who corno upon them not by invitation, oither express or implied, but for their own convenience or pleasure, or to gratify their curiosity, however lauda ble their purpose may be. The owners of private grounds are liable for inju ries to children, although trespassing at tho time, where from the peoullar na ture, and exposed condition o t the dangerous delect or agent, the owner uld injury to flow therefrom as actually happened. The distinguishing princi ple upon which snoh oases rest la that tho porsons injured were mere children without judgment or dis cretion, and likely to be drawn by childish curiosity or the Instincts of childhood into ' places of danger.— Coppner vs the Pennsylvania Com pany, Appellate Court of Illinois. WARRANTY Of GOODS. Certain goods on being offered for sale wero represented as "good bagging and gunnies and far superior to any Chicago or Milwaukee packings.'' The purchasers refused to pay for these goods unless thoro was an allowance of $200, for they were of an inferior' quality, and when suit was brought they set up a counterclaim for that amount and recovered upon it. On ( appeal tho court said: There can bo no doubt that this representation amounted to warrauty of the quality of the mer chandise upon which the defendants had a right to rely. It is not ques tioned that the warranty applied to the first carload sent, but it'ls disputed that tho second car load was sent under It. But all the goods were sent on the same order, and the warranty Is oo-extensivo with tho contract.—Winklar vs. Potter, Supremo Court of Wisconsin. SURVEY AND WATER-LINE OY LAKE. A purchaser of land from tho United States, when tho plats and field notes show that It. Is bounded on one side by a navigable lake,takes to the low-water mark of snch lake. Although tho proof shows that there is a wide belt or mar gin botweon tho high and low-water line of such lake, which in times of low water is available for agricultural pur poses, such as for pasturage or meadow land, this fact dots not justify the com missioners of the general land office In surveying such belt or margin of land, and allowing the same to be entered as unsurveyed and unsold land. And a patent issued to a purchaser for such land is void,as against the holder of tbo original title bounded upon tho water line.—Hardin vs. Jordan, United States Circuit Court, Northern District of Illi nois. SHERIFF'S SALE. Some of the personal property that had been levied upon and advertised for sale was loaned by the sheriff to a third Ö . The sheriff told the bidder at tho T s sale that the property loaned by him was to be sold with the other property in his actual possession. Held, that the" bidder could recover from the. sheriff.— Dunkle vs. Harrington, Su preme Court of Pennsylvania. surety's liability. The undertaking of a surety is con strued strictly ana can not bo enlarged or varied by judicial construction. A surety Is not held beyond the precise words of his undertaking, and in case of doubt as to his liability, the doubt is generally, if not universally, solved in nis favor.—Adams et al. vs. the Peo ple, Appellate Court of Illinois. AMERICAN AMD ENGLISH PATENTS. Where the English and American patents are for substantially the same invention, the English patent being prior in date, the latter is limited to a term of seventeen years from the data of publlcsfKtt of the former. —Siemens vs. Sellers, United States District Court, District of Pennsylvania.