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ST. CHARLES HERALD.
VOLUME XI. Published Every Saturday, In a Rich Sugar, Molasses and Rice Producing Country. HAHNVILLE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1883. NUMBER 37. ARGUMENTATIVE POETRY. tide went out. —Camltrhlyc Chronicle. friend, are our views. —Somet'viUe Journal. THE PROVINCE MAN'S STORY. "Yes, I've no doubt that blizzards are fearful to encounter, but I do not think they can be much worse than a downright north-easter of the Prov ince,'' said a gray-bearded New Bruns wicker to a Western man, who had been relating to the few passengers of the sterner plying on the river between ' St. .John his experience of Tobique and one of those terrible winter storms which so frequently sweep down upon the exposed people of the Northwest. "I remember one in particular," he said, "for it gave me a lameness that's going to stay by me as long as I live." After listening to thtWestern man's adventure, we were alranxious to hear that of the Province man's, and urged him to favor us. He at last assented. "I was eighteen," he said, "that winter, and tough as a young buffalo. I had never been sick, and scarcely knew what it was to be tired. My father was a lumberman. He went into the logging-swamp that winter, to ward the head of the Miramichi River, and left me to take care of the family t— a pretty large one, counting in all the children. I was the oldest. •The winters are long in that part of New Brunswick, and a good deal of snow falls. At that time there were but few settlements, the one nearest to where we lived being about forty miles tway; so you may know there wasn't uuch going back and forth for the tomen-folks. "But for that matter, there were five Ir.six families living in our settlement, jnd I will say we used to have some pretty good times togüther. We seemed almost like one family, and when ne was in need of help the others were Are to give it. "One of our neighbors was a Mr. loore. He married a girl who lived in te settlement next to ours, and all lr folks lived there. In the winter he urked in the woods with the rest of it men,and as his children were small, bused to hire me to look after the ihres that were necessary about his ''Well, about the middle of that win 11—it was in February, 1 think—Ma t(y, that was Mrs. Moore, got word t.t her mother was sick, and that, if s; wanted to see her alive, she must do her at once. 'The poor woman was nearly frantic rii anxiety. Her husband was in the 'Ads, and she had no way of getting tier father's house. I think she had nheen her mother for two years. 'William,' said my mother, coming he from the Moore caDin, where she hjbeen to spin flax and comfort the sowing woman, 'I think you'll have t«.' I'm going at once, mother,' I sa for I thought she meant I must go toirs. Moore's and attend to the ells. Sot that,' she replied, surmising wl I was thinking about. 'You mvo to the settlement with Matildy. Hoshould I feel if my mother was dy, and I could not see her? Now, gelur chores all done up to-night, so vom start in the morning by day lig I'll see to things while you're gol Jit what's to be done with the chin?' I asked. 'iiey're coming to stay with me unfatildy gets back.' ' it was settled that-1 should go witlrs. Moore, and if she did not stale re than a day or two, 1 was to briber hom i. The sky had threat ene: storm for a number of days, limb x pec ted to get up the next mot apd sec a snow-storm. But it wbitter cold morning—too cold to r then, though the sky was stilly and heavy, showing plainly enojthat there'd be a heavy fall of snot soon as the weather was wan "Hn't take long to get the horse and trendy, and putting on father's mootfn coat, we started, Matilda wrr her baby, that was not more Tho maiden doffod her shoes and hose, and then, In girlish glee. Sho drew her skirts around her, and she waded in the sea. A uong the wavelets waded sho, for half an hour or non, Taon, growing wears 1 with the play, she tripped again to shore; tlut who- shall teU the misery that filled her hostrt that day? The cruel tide nad flowed and wushed Iter shoes and hose away! O maidens at Nanfasket, at Swaaipscott, or at l.ynn. Ilewaro of going wading "when the flowing tido comes in." — Somen'IUc Journal, 'Ve never saw a maiden so happy, gay and lroe, full off her socks and shoes and go a wading in the sea, tlut it sorter seems to us that it would bo safe to say. It was the tide a-flowlng out that washed her things away; For if tho tide was coming in wo think it's very plain Khc d And them on the upper beach when she came out again. Then, sitting peusivo on the rooks, and picking arch and blanc. She'd wait till socks and shoes wore dried; ami if we were about. We'd try and keep her waiting till tho ebbing It seems to us that when the maiden doffed lier shoes and hose The tide must have been coming in, for every bodyjtnows That when the tide is going out it always leaves the land, And must recede from objects that are lying on the strand. So had the tide been going out upon that sum mer day It could not have flowed in and washed those pretty things away. We doubt not you know more than us con cerning hose and shoes, But wo know all about the tides, and these, so of to so It by in the me for, so of the a had my of than six months old, in her arms, swathed in a blanket of lynx-skins. "It whs scarcely light Witch wo set off, and it was very slow traveling through the narrow, rough road. We had not got more than three miles from the settlement when it began to sprin kle snow, and in an hour more the flakes were coming down thick and fast. A cutting wind swept through the woods, driving the snow into our faces, and it looked doubtful to me whether we should ever get to the next settlement in such a Storni. "I wanted to turn back, but Matildv would not consent to this. So I hail nothing to do but to whip up old Bob and get on as fast as we could. "But the storm grew worse and worse. The wind kept rising, and the air was so thick with the driving Snow that I could scarcely see a rod lievond the horse's head. Noon came, and we were not over ten or twelve miles from the settlement. The snow was now so deep that the horse could make but little headway through it and against the heavy wind. "We had food with us, but we could not. stop for luncheon with the storm piling the big drifts all about us. Part of the time I walked behind the sled to lighten the load, and when it got so deep that Bob—the horse—couldn't pull through, I tramped a path; and so, tramping and wallowing, we managed to get on a few miles further. "But towaixl night the horse showed signs of giving out, and we had not gone over two-thirds of the way. I can as sure you, it made me feel about sick to think of being out in that storm all night. Not that I feared so much for myself, for, as I said, I was tough as a buffalo, and could have found some snug corner to stow myself away in, and in the big moose-skin coat could have been quite comfortable; but there was Matildy, and the baby, poor thing, was beginning to cry. 1 feared they both would perish before morning. "By jerking and encouraging, Bob was made to start again. But his strength and courage did not last, and after another half-mile of plunging and tramping he lurched over the thills into the snow and gave out entirely. All my urging coqjdn't get him on his legs again. "What to do then I didn't know. Matildy was actually weeping from anxiety and the cold, and. the baby oried now harder than ever. For a few minutes I could not sec anything but death before them. "Suddenly I got an idea, and nntack ling Bob from the sled, I tied his legs together with the straps of the harness, so that he could neither get up nor thrash about. Then, drawing the sled alongside of him, I canted it up side ways, setting the stakes to keep it from turning over fully, and thus made a sort of shelter to break off the wind. "Going into the edge of the woods, I cut a lot of fir-boughs with my big knife and made a sort of bed for Matildy and the child, snug up against Bob's back, covering them over with the quilts and skins, tucked in warm about them; and then I covered all with anther thick coat of boughs. "Then I went on toward tho settle ment, fifteen miles distant, -for help. It soon became dark, and I never can tell you half what I suffered stumbling along through the drifts, half blinded by the willing snow and nearly breath less; sometimes laying down and feeling that I never could go another rod; but the thought of Matildy and the baby in the snow drove me on—and I've no -If all the damages claimed by per sons who suffered in the Brooklyn briilge disaster, by injuries to themselves or to their relatives, are paid, the profits for the first year will be almost entirely swept away. The «lamages claimed amount to nearly $100,000 .—Brooklyn Eagle. doubt saved my life. "When within two miles of the set tlement the road came out near the river, and for the rest of the way it was mostly cleared land. But it troubled me to keep the road. I was afraid I should wander off and never find the settlement. "But there was a Hand leading me through that night and storm that! had never known before—and it led me safe; for, after wandering around till I was so exhausted that I was about to lay down in despair, I oaught the glimmer of a light ahead. "Ah, never was a half-drowne«l sailor more thankful for the sight of a life boat than I was for that little spark of light! I crawled toward it, shouting with all my strength. "It came from a little log-hut on the outskirts of the settlement, where a log ger's wife was nursing a sick child. Hearing my cries she roused her hus band, who came out to my assist ance. "As soon as it began to grow light the man got one of his neighbors —for I was too badly frozen to go back with him—and taking a horse and sled, started after Matildy and the baby." "And did they find them alive?" asked a listener, furtively brushing away the tears. "Yes, ma'am, they did. The snow had drifted over them, and so kept out a good deal of the cold, though Matildy was considerably frost-bitten. The baby was asleep, as comfortable as though it had been at home. But old Bob was dead. The journey and the cold had been too much for him. "That spring the people at the set tlements contributed money and bought my father another horse, so we wa n't much the worse off," concluded the old man, seeming to be quite unconscious of his own heroism.— Youth's Com panion. t ombal h e Tendencies of Bluebirds and Martins. The fact that bluebirds often take possession of boxes reared for the martins is the cause of much contention between the two species. But the almost universal belief that the bluebird is too much for the martin is, accord ing to my experience, very incorrect. In this latitude bluebirds often remain, with us during the winter, and Jhey may always lie heard warbling their chierful lays the first warm «lays in February, Soon they make and seek places in which to build their nests—a hollow applo tree, a vacated wood pecker hole, a martin box, or even a gourd with a hole in it, and placed a few feet above the ground, is good enough for them. At first they are very timid, but as nothing molests them they become very bold. However, they do not like to have near neighbors, and the males often engage in fearful combat eveu when their respective places of abode' are several rods apart. They begin the attack in the air, and, falling to the ground, continue the struggle until exhausted. I have often approached within a few feet of them and watched them several minutes. Sometimes they will lie bv each other panting for some time, anil-then renew the engagement. But the martin does not put in an ap pearance until late in March—first tho tuples, and some days later the females. At first the martin is very timid, especially the female, and where the bluebirds have possession of a box it is very easy generally to hold the mar tins at bay, but no bluebird would dare to make himself at home in a box occu pied by martins. But sometimes the martins grow very bold. In the spring the bluebirds took possession of the box which stands in front of the door where I am writing. We placed another box about three rods distant from the first box, which was soon occupied by mar tins; at first there was sonic sparring between the birds, but fina'ly they set tled down, and I expected everything to go on nicely, but one evening just before sundown another male martin arrived, and at once made an attack on tho bluebirds, which were then iuoubat ing. Several times the birds fell to the ground, but the martin is too high minded to wallow in flic dirt, so lie was immediately on the wing. At nightfall the bluebirds were in peaceful possession of their fort. The next morn ing I was up early to see if the martin would renew (he attack. In a few minutes the martin swooped down to the box, and was promptly met by the bluebird. They flew forcibly against each other and fell, but the martin was up again and at the box, followed by the bluebird. Several times Iliev came to the ground, but each time the martin sought the box. Soon the bluebird paused a moment on the ground. It was a fatal pause. The martin got into the box, and sat in one of the doors. The bluebird renewed the fight, anil got the martin by the foot and drew him out, hut like an arrow he was in again. This time he kept his feet out of the wav, and presented his wide spread jaws. Both ! bluebirds flow at him, hut he would catch them and hotd them until they were glad to get away. AR day the fight was kept, up, but that evening the blneblrds retreated. In two or three days the martin found a female' which took the precaution to throw out the eggs of the bluebirds. Now, all day long the bluebirds sat on a peach tree near by, littering a plain tive cry, so I made another box, and placed it scarcely higher limp my head. In an hour tho bluebirds wore cheerful and soon b'gan to build. The young bluebirds have been 'out several days, and there are young martins in the other box.— Cur. Chicago Inler-Occan. Pension Frauds. "There are more tricks practiced in the procurement of pensions than in (he whole of the other departments put to gether,'' said a Pension Office Exam iner the other night. "In what direction arc these mostly attempted?" "Tie great bulk of them are colored cases. Not that colored people are given to fraudulent practices, but many of them are easier victims to designing lawyers, and it is less difficult to per sonate a dead negro than a dead white man. As soon as a colored case comes before the office it is subjected to an ex tra amount of scrutiny. A large pro portion of the colored widows drawing pensions have remarried, and quite a large number of claimants are not the relicts of soldiers at all, but mere dum mies put up by wicked lawyers and others in place of the widows who have long ago married and relinquished their claims." "How is this fraud managed?" "Easily enough. A decent time is allowed to elapse after the marriage, and the woman frightened into honest abandonment Of her claim. Then an other colored woman is obtained who makes the necessary affidavit before a convenient notary who certifies to her identity, and the rest is simple, straight forward work, which is frequently put into the hands of a decent attorney to carry through in all good faith. When a woman is about to remarry who is likely to formally renounce her rights, a member of the gang will proffer bis services to lnake the announcement in due shape, so as to leave her free to con tract the new relation in safety. This is the prelude to the proceedings I have spoken of. She receives a sham permit to marry from the pension office, with perhaps a small extra payment that has been promised her as a result of having the thing done properly." "la the law which iimits the attor ney's fee for services in procuring a pension to ten dollars in oaeli case over evaded?" "They get over that very easily. The common way is to have tho pen sioner declare before witnesses that he wishes to make his attorney a present of, say, twenty )««r cent, in addition to the ten dollars allowed. This pre vents all trouble. Then again, any of the dishonest lawyers have three, foqr, and sometimes live so-called firms. One will open correspondence with a would-be pensioner, or one who' desiivs his allowance to be increased. AfUT obtaining all the fee in advance for necessary expenses a long delay ensues. Then here comes a circular from an other member of the ring stating that he has special facilities for procuring the passage of the claim, which is rep resented to be hopelessly shelved, fn case of a favorable response the next circular in the series is sent to him by the third conspirator, and so on until the list is exhausted, or the pensloiunf's patience gives out. As a matter of fact there is no heed for al torneys' service to procure pensions. Every facility is offered by tho office, and the applicant has only to fill the blanks furnished him anil tell the truth in his story of reasons for asking the bounty. lie must get all this Certified to in accord ance with instructions, and then his case will go through and he acted oil just as speedily as though he had hired a dozen lawyers. Of course ignorant men sometimes fail to comprehend the simplest instructions, and much delay and trouble is caused. -Hence the em ployment of a lawyer is rather favored by those who have the cases to pass upon, as less labor is involved as a rule in the cases prepared by professional hands." "Does all this exhaust the possibili ties of fraud by attorneys. "By no means. Men will go into a smalt town and, after getting the s'gna tures of leading citizens, look up the war records for that neighborhood. Amoug the latter arc sure to be foupd the names of men entitled to pensions who have never applied for them. Applica tion will be made out in these names, and tho signatures of the necessary number of leading men of the place forged to the certificate of service, etc. The rest of the process is easier than with a genuine case." "Are those men never caught and punished ?" "They aro, quite frequently. But in nocent frauds are sometimes oven more severely dolt with. Two cases Î remem ber. One was a preacher, a man of irreproachable character, who had b«>en a chaplain in the army, hut with little knowledge of the world. In his first steps to getting a pension he consulted with former comrades and neighbors as to what facts thdy would swear to for him. Then lie got the necessary blanks and went ahead. But he found that to get his friends' signatures to their statements would cause considerable delay. To obviate this he simply signed the names himself and sent «ui the pa pers. The similarity of writing was de tected, and the result was tho state's prison for two or three years, though the men, whose names had been forged, promptly expressed their readiness to sign the papers, while admitting that they' had not done so. "Another ease having the same end ing was that of a man who kept copies of his papers, which were afterward lost in the office. Ho was requested to send another set, and, simple enough, sent his copies, the names of which were held to lie forgeries, and ho was duly convicted and imprisoned. 8o much for law and justice."— Washing ton Post. Tobacco and Blindness. Whatever the race may have been once, it is not now physiologically per fect. Tho diseases^ aliments and nior —A lady of Long Branch is the pos sessor of $30,000 worth of diamonds. Therefore, ii is looked upon as only a little eccentricity that she cats with her knife.— N. Y Graphic. hid tendencies of men of the present day arc the accumulated result» of the hail hygienic influences that, have flowed in upon the face in till past time. Each human being is now horn with one or more weak points, at which ho is most likely to break down, and hence is differently affected by the same ex poser^. Now, it is not often that a man knows what his weak points are, and therefore it behooves him to observe, as far as pos sible, every law of hygiene, and not al low himself to tamper with agents of possible harm, because. thousands of other men have apparently used those agents with impunity. As to these thousands who have ap parently escaped injury, the case is not by any means closed with them, and as for the man who is tempt«!«! to do as they have done, tho harmful agent may make for his weakest point with all the certainty of fate. Who would be fool ish enough to use tobacco if he knew that in time blindness would lie the re sult? But see what Prof. Reynolds said in an address to a class of medical grad-, nates: 'It is a well-known fact that tobacco poisons the nerve-centers of a majority of the male'nierabcrs of the human fam ily. Careful investigation has le«l to the discovery that smoking produces the so-called amblyopia— dimness of. vision. This form of amblyopia is pre cisely Identical, in all respects, with that produced by the excessive use of alcohol. Both are incurable. I know a number of persons here (in Louisville) who are practically blind from an ex cessive use of tobacco."— Youth's Com panion. PITH AND POINT. — The lunatics on Blackwell's Island are grillig to follow the example of lu nate,s in other parts of the country and start a newspaper,— Boston Commercial Bulletin. — flies have their uses. Their persis tency-in lighting on unprotected noses lessens the amount of piano practice in 'summer tithe, when all the windows are open. -- Philadelphia Sews. —A few moments sometimes makes a great change. A man with b'ue oyes was seen going into a beer saloon yes terday, and when he came out a little l iter he had black eyes.— Hochester (A T . T. ) Post- Express. — If brooms are wet in boiling suds once a week they become very tough, and will not break up so easily when a fond wife is remonstrating with her husband and trying to induce him to do bettor. — Bismarck 'Prit/ one. —An exchange says that ''End Duf ferin has been presented with the in signia of tho Order of lluth," which is a very neat way of stating that his lord sh'p has been presenter with a bur of soap. Marathon Indeftendcnt. —"Your mother coming!" exclaimed Smilhers; "why, they say the old Har ry Cimldil't live with her." "But," re plied Mrs. S., in her. most taunting manner; "you will try to, f«n my sake, won't you, Charley ?"—Boston Mms cript. —A. Mount I Holyoke girl, who was studying to be a missionary, wrote the following on the fly-leaf of her text book on moral seiet) co: If thttro BhouUl bo another Hood, SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. — 'The Bessemer Steel Works, o! Bethlehem, Pa., will go into extensive mining operations in Cuba, with the intention of importing ore into this nnuntrv. — Pif/shnrah Pant.. country.— Pittsbu ryh Post. —A. church in Bavaria, accommo dating 1,000 people, lias been almost entirely built of paper macho, which can be suppliod at a cost little above that of plaster. , It can hu made to imitate the finest marble, as it takes a polish superior to slate. — The ship-building interest at Bath, Me., is very active at present. The yards are crowded, and the temlenoy is to build larger vessels than in former years. One now upon the storks, a ship of 2,000 tons, is tho largest over built in Bath, and is beliovod to be larger than any built before in the State. —White of an egg, heated to 212 de grees, and kept there awhile, will lie come dry, shrunken and horny. If the heat Is carried a little further, it be comes converted into a substance which is so hard and tough that a valuable cement is obtained by simply smearing the edges of the article to he cemented with the white of egg. and then heating Thousli a if tu» «voit! would bo subhiVrirod, This honk would still ho dry. —Boston Post. —Ten years ago two loving hearts were separated by a little «piarrel owing to the miscarriage of an explanatory letter. He went West and married; she stayed East and married, and now botli are once more free. He has eight children and the jaundice ami she seven an«1 the tlysj opsin, and neither has any idea of ever marrying again. Truth may be stranger than fiction, but it ii not so romantic,— Philad Iphia News. —Mrs. Parvenu had recently furnish ed her now house, anil it was gorgeous ly done. Everything was in style, and tho carpets wore woven in one piece tc fit each room. Mrs. Parvenu has a daughter, and of her she was talking to a visitor. "Ah, Mrs. Parvenu," said tho lady, "your daughter doesn't (to out much?" "No, not a great deal. It tires the poor dear so much." "Indeed? Isn't she well?" "On, yes, woll enoOgh; but, you see, at so many of the houses where she lpust call she has to walk over tho seams in the carpets, attil it hurts the poor dear's feet and ninkus her so tired."— Merchant Traveller. it to a little above 212 degrees. —The potiers havo some reason for regariUng their trade prospects as im proved by the new Tariff law. They were evidently in need of a larger measure of protection. The importa tions of crockery up to July 1 of this year increased In value $2,(KM),000 over the same time last year. Tho pottery industry is yet comparatively in its in fancy, but there is no reason it should not rapidly improve.— N. Y. Tribune. — George O. Ilerrman, of Newport, has finished a wonderful clock, after l,70t) hours' labor. Tho clock has one movement which runs nine dials, indicating tho time at Newport, New York, St. Petersburg, San Francisco, Boston, floneva, IVfecea, Rome and London. The mechanism is very intri cate, and the works of each dial can be removed without ilisturbing the others. Thé woodwork is carved to represent the order of Odd Fellows.— Providence (It. f.) Journal. —The successful results attending tho pulling down of wells for gas illumin ating and healing purposes, at Paittes ville aud Williitighliy, <)., during some years past, lias induced other persons to decide on similar enterprises. Not long ago, a gentleman living about two miles from the center of Willoughby decided to bore for gas and commenced operations. His well has now reached a depth of 476 feet, and he is getting already a fine supply of gas. IIo ex pects to push the well down 200 feet more, when he will doubtless have enough gas to light and heat his resilience and illuminate his grounds. The gas well of W. C. Amirews at Willoughby has been in operation for about ten years, and shows no signs oi exhaustion.— Chicago Herald. as to of to to ol the of to it a to COMMERCIAL LAW. Brief Diana«« of Lat« Dnelaloas. OunpHod Specialty for the St. Louts Commer cial OasnMe.1 PIUE INSURANCE. February Ï, 1880, plaintiff negotiate«! with an insurance company's local agent at Shenandoah for a six months' insurance of a building in that town, giving goods and his note for the pre mium. The next night the building was burned down. The application and note of plaintiff wore received by tho company on the 5th, and were refocteil by the secretary, the reason assigned being that the company already had as much Insurance in the row where tho building had stood as it oared for. It did not appear that the agent had au thority to give or did give a binding re ceipt. There was no evidenoe to show that at the time of the rejection of the application tbo company was aware that the property hat! "been burned. Hdd, that the plaintiff «lid not have a sufficient cause of action.—Armstrong vs. tho State Insurance Company «3 Des Moines, Supreme Court of Iowa. FIX TURKS. Whether a chattel becomes a fixture or not does not. depend so much noon the character of the fastening by which It is held down (whethersligntor otherwise) as upon tho nature of the article, and its use as connected with the use of the freehold. As between the mortgageor and mortgage«, the true eritorlon con sists in the united application of several tests: 1. Real or constructive annexa tion of tho article in question to the realty. 2. Appropriation or adaptation to tho use or purpose of that part of the realty with wnloh it Is connected. 8. The Intention of tho party making the annexation to make the article a per manent accession to the freehold, this Intention being Inferred from the na ture of the article affixed, the relation and situation of the party making the annexation, and the purpose or use for which the annexation has been made. —■ Thomas vs. Davis, Sup. Ot. of Mo. partnership property and exemp tion, Tho purpose of the statute of exemp tions is to lire vent persons, especially heads of families, when overtaken by pecuniary reverses, from being reduced to an abject state of destitution. It Is to enable snoh persons to start anew this winning of a livelihood, and to prevent their becoming a publie charge or bur den. It is not to lie supposed that the legislature intended that the evil» to avert which this statute was enacted should he without prevention or remedy merely because tue means of avtrtit anue consisted of partnership and not of individual assets. The reason, for the exempt ion exists with precisely as much foreo in one ease as In tho other. The Inconveniences of applying tho statute to partnership interests are not com parable with tiiu evils which the statute designed to avoid,—Matter of Volun tary Assignment of Hall and another, County Court of Cook County, Illinois. AGENCY. A broker who was not Intrusted with with tho possession of tho property, contracted in his own name to sell the same to a vendee, who had no knowl edge that the broker was not the real owner, hut dealt With him ns snoh. The broker notified his principals that ,he hnd .old for thorn, and directed when to ship the property to the purahaser. The owners, without any knowledge that the broker had contracted in Ills own name, and without any conduct on their part clothing the broker with au thority to receive payment for them, or any possession, actual or constructive, ol the property, delivered the same to the vendee, held, that payment by tho purchaser to the broker, under such circumstances, is not a bar-to tho right of recovory by the owners.—Hill vs. Crosby, Supreme Court of Ohio, husband's deed to wife. It is triio, a deed from a husband di rectly to his wife is a nullity at common law. But under modern legislation and tlie application of equitable prin ciples a wide departure has been made from the common law in retqiect to the ability of a wile to acquire and hold property. ,Her right iqf acquisition and power of control aro not restricted to property obtained from one not her husband, When not in fraud of cred itors of the husband, a conveyance from him directly to his wife may be sustained on ciiilitable principles.— Thompson vs. Allen et al-, Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. TKADE-MAKK. The object of a trade mark being to indicate, by its meaning or "Association, the origin or ownership of the articles, it would seem that when a right to its use is transferred to others, either by act of tho original manufacturer or by operation of law, the fact of transfer should be stated in oonnection with its use. Otherwise a deception would be practiced upon tho public, and the very fraud accomplished, to prevent which courts of equity interfere to protect the exclusive, right of the original manufac turer.—Manhattan Medicine Company vs. Wood, Supremo Court of United States. RAILWAY OCCUPANCY OK LAND WITHOUT COMPENSATION. After a railroad company has com pleted its track through the property of a citizen, without legal objection made thereto or assessment of damages there for, an injunction should not be granted to stop the running of its trains until damages be assessed and paid. One can not stand by and suffer another to expend money to large amounts on bis land, as part of a great system of im provement, and then stop by injunction the entire system until he is paid.— Griffin vs. Augusta & Knoxville Rail road Oomoanv, Supreme Court Georgia,