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ST. CHARLES HERALD.
=F=F Published Every Saturday, iu a Rich Sugar, Molasses and Rice Producing Country. VOLUME XII. HAHNVILLE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1884. NUMBER 37. DOLLIE. She sport.» n witching; Keren With * ruffe up and down On the skirt. She is gentle, she is shy: But there's mlseliier in her eye. She's a flirt ! Fho displays'a tiny glovo, And a da nty little love Ofashoo; •And sho wears her ha a tilt Over bangs that never w4£ In the dew. 'Tis rumored chocolate creams Are the fabric ot her dreams— But enough ! illtnow be.tond a doubt Ihat sho < arrios them about In herinulf. With her dimples and her curls Sho exasperates the gir s Past belief: They hmt that she's a cat. And delightful things like that h In their grief. It is shocking, I declare! But whn '.lo 's ! 'o lie care Wtton the beaux Como tiooking to her feet Like t he bees atound a sweet I-ittle to tot —Samuel Minium Peck , In Manhattan. "BILL, THE WHITTLES." A Chat With a Genius in on Old Church at Kirkwood—Wonderful Automata Con alrucled With the Aid of Only a Jack Knife—A Model of the Strasburg Cathe dral Which Will Astonish the World. One of the most eccentric characters In Missouri - if not in the entire Missis sippi Valley—is Wm. Yohe, of Kirk wood. He is better known as "Bill, the Whittier." Bill daims to be the champion wh ttler in the world. With an ordinary pen-knife he has demon Stra f d his ability to make almost any thing a carpenter, a cabinet-make or wood-carver can make with a full set of edged tools. He occupies an old church in i\ irk wood which he has ti le I almost completely with curiosities of a novel as well as. ut eful charaeter with the aid •of his trusty hone handled knife. The suçetalors who tako the tionble to visit fn« museum will lind the collection as interesting a: the piiturosof a famous art gallery. A short time ego Bill made the announcement, through the Repub lican, that he would throw the church doom open on a certain day in order ihat those who desired to see his con trivances might gratify their curiosity. After that date no person would be ad mitted, as he proposed to b gin the greatest unde tak'ng of his life, viz., the construction of a g'ganticautomatic concern that would sur| a-s anything of t! e kind the world had ever seen. The population of Kirkwood, with scarce y an exception, accepted Bill's invitation, ■and all day during his reception the church was filled with people Ever since that eventful day the people of Kirkwood have looked upon Bill as the ciglflh wonder of the world. Hearing ot hj.s Waxing fame, a ltcpublican re porter visited Kirkwood yisterday and had a very pleasant interview with "Bill." A VISIT TO THE OLU CHURCH. The ltcpublican's representative, whe.i he asked where the old church was located, was told that it was use less to go there, as "Bill, the Whittier," was whittling therein with doors closed, agthec*' 1 by a i _ «door containing these words: "Posi tively no admittance." He knocked, however, and to his surprise received a response from a clear, manly voice that articulated in a very pleasant tone the words: "Come in." The scene within was strange enough to look upon. It was quite apparent that the place had been used as a place of worship, hut it looked more like a museum and car is I of Ö n redchmg the church the repoi ter was confronted ny a play caid onthetront pouter-shop combined yesterday. Bill was siti ng oirifc bench with a section of a cigar-box in one hand and his favorite bone-handled kui e in the other whittling away as tiiough the destiny of the world depended upon his ability to complete his work, 'lhe blade of the knife he used was about an inch long and tapered all the way from the hilt to the point. "Well, Bill," said the reporter, break ing the monotonous silence that pre vailed. "they say you are the champion whittler of the world." "A' es, and I am willing to whittle anything against any man living. •There is only one whittler on the face of the earth who can even approach my work, and that person is Monkey John of Chicago. Monkey John would not whittle agains; me,'for he and 1 have whittled together and he knows what I tan do. 1 was born in St. Louis, on Morgan street, in the building occupied years ago by the old Mound City bak ery. I "When in my teens 1 became the ap prentice of a millwright, but before my time, was out, at the beginning of the wÄir, Aran away from home and joined the Dfiion army as a member of Cap ta u G. W. Tenu'» company. While serving a; a soldier I had one of the toes of my right foot shot off and could have had a pension had I seen fit to ap ply for one. However, I had a little pride that prompied me to vow 1 would never,call upon 1 noie Sam for Assist ance a* long as I could use a knife and obtain a inelibood by whittling. It may appear stpaoge to you, but it is true, rieverthe'es-s, that I never knew I had any extraordinary gift for whittling unt 1 I had reached my twenty-third year. Tire« I made a toy house for my sister, which was so universally admired -that I determined to manufacture other curiosities. The first piece of import ance I whittled was a complete model of the < astle Bmgcn-on-the-Khine. This piece was finished in 1878, and con tained 5b0 windows. It is now owned by a gentleman residing inClayconnty, 'Ibxbs The next piece was the model of the steamship Br.stol, copied from an (■»graving ou » baud b-U, *T defy any artist to eclipse my work with either a pencil or brush. An artist may draw a picture as perfectly as ho possibly can and hand it to me to re produce in wood, and I will improveon the picture. Some men think because they can make a wooden chain with a knife they are great whittlers. There is no trick in making a simple chain, as the man who makes one link ca« make foity. Scrolling is by far the most diffi cult work a man cai^do with a knife. I tan carve perfectly a leaf or an ani mal. With a simple pocket knife 1 have made over S00 models which occupy places in the Patent Office. THE MODEL OE A STKAMSHir. "About a year ago I made the model of a steamship for parties in Europe. They were so well pleased with it that they paid me $850 for my work. This model was run by steam and could travel through the water at the rate of sixteen miles an hour. My aptitude for whittling is a gift as natural to me as an ear for music is to some other men. After a piece of work is finished I often look at it with astonishment and wonder how 1 ever succeeded in mak ing it so complete in every detail. I cannot draw, and know next to nothing about mathematics, yet my propoitions in every piece of work I make are al ways remarkably correct. W hen 1 look at a picture which I intend to represent in wood, I unconsciously measure its proportions with the eye. I will wager my life almost that I can whittle out any automatic contrivance ever invent ed" in the space of a year l ni l this year I was not aware that anything more than a living could bo made by a whittler, but now I entertain a diffe ent opinion, 'lhe most I ever made on a piece prior to this year was twenty dollars, which was cleared on a rail.e. A BROAD DECLARATION. "In two weeks I can complete in ev ery detail lhe model of any ship ever built; and 1 will construct any kind of a machine ever invented and make it run in an eight-ounce bottle. All this sounds very strange to you, yet every word of it is true." "Bill, the Whittler," is now engaged on an automatic device, which, when completed, will contain 23",'>08 distinct pieces and 1,100 movements. These movements will all be controled by a wheel, to bo propelled with sand. The device will contain a complete model of the L-trasburg C athedral, a complete model of the New York At West bhore hailway depot at Butlalo, with all ils employes at work, Noah's ark with all the animals and Mr. and Mrs. Noah on board, a steamship rocking to and fro on the face of the mighty deep, a sand engine and bridges, towers, etc. The device will be equipped with 82,COO pieces to be put in motion, and it will contain 100,uOO illuminations. and ate on, lar a a i in 1 I A FAITHFUL COPY. In every respect the Strasburg Cathedral model will be a fathful copy of the original. At regular intervals 200 child: en will ) ass out of the C hapel and the main aisle of the church to the alter, and the twelve Apostles will ap pear at the proper times over the dial of the clock, .which is to contain 100 il luminations. When the bulls in tlio spire of the cathedral ring a queen will appear before the cross. A full-rigged brig, to Le represented on the hoso u of the ocean making a voyage, lias already been completed. It is compose ! of 1,800 different pieces and weighs only eight ounces. In the towers of the rail way depot there will be four clo ks. Noah's ark. which is complete, is forty inches long, with a nine-in h hold, and a nine-inch beam, measuring twenty inches from keel to deck, and containing 3,4' 0 pieces. Th s remarkable curiosity the famouB whittler made in eight days, with his pen-knife. When complete all the pieces of the automatic concern will occupy a space forty-eight by sixteen feet. The depot is to he nine feet eight inches and a half high, and will occupy a space of fourteen by eleven feet. A DESTROYER OF CIGAR BOXES. As the figures pass to and fro pan oramic views will move along behind the scroll work near the depot, roak ng this automaton, Bill has thus far whittled up 2,250 cigar-boxes and600 feet of lumber. The stationary engine connected with the concern lias been finished, a Ltd. it contains only < ne piece of iron, a crank shaft eighteen inches long. It was whittled out and works perfectly. The automaton when com pleted will certainly be one of the grandest devices of tho kind ever con structed. Mr. "Bill, the Whittler," lias two partu rs, and it is their intention to take the automaton to Europe after ex hibiting it in a few of the larger cities of the i nited States. Said Bill to the reporter, as he cut a notch in the lid of a cigar box: "I have every reason to telieve my work, when it is shown to the wo ld, will create a sensation. I do not say this in any egot stical spirit. Persons who have seen all the copies of the Strasburg Cathedral aaid other automatic curiosi ties declare my present venture will lay over them all. I am still a compara tively young man and proposo to do something 'to prove to the world that I am all 1 claim when I say I am the champion whittler of the world. 'they will not meet him. "Mauy w hittlers have laid claim to the championship, yet not one of them will meet me in a contest. I have given this class many opportunities to try conclu sions with me. I will even lay a wager that no whittler or moehanic in the country can take down and put up my automata in two weeks, and that I can accomplish the feat in three hours. Like, the builders of Solomon's temple I make and fit every piece of the auto maton uefore putting it up, and every piece fits perfectly. "-omo years ago I constructed a FB'-Uel ot tie btfito oapltol o( Texas, as I a a of it and the concern conta'ned 62,844 sepaiC ate pieces. The work was completed in two months and twenty-one days. "The automaton I am now working on, I have told you, will bo run with sand. A large sand dome will be placed over a wheel with buckets simi lar to thoso of a water wheel. The sand pouring into those buckets con stantly will cause it to revolve anil run the other machinery connected with the figures of the automaton. The engine room will contain a negro figure in the a t of sawing wood, and several other figures. The four bridges and tho towers connected with them will be equippod with railroad tracks. When a miniature train passes over these bridges its weight will cause ninety-one i gures the towers contain to move about in various directions. The bridges con tain in the aggregate 87!) Jiieces. HE HAS AN AMBITION. "I have an ambition, but whether it will over bo realized is a question very difficult to answer at the present time. 1 want to spend four years in Europe in constructing, from the originals, models of the historical stri dures of the E: st ern continent. After returning from Europe it is my intention to whittle out the models of tho capitol buildings of thirteen d fferent States and a model of the United States capitol building. I hen, if I am able, 1 want to secure a building in St. Louis and e tablish a museum that will su pass anything of its kind in the world." Those who examine "Bill's" work arc never surprised when they hear him speak of ins contemplated trip to Europe. Probably no artist has over had a I etter reason for desiring to visit Europe than "Bill the Whitt e;." As tho reporter was about to leave his place he said to him: "You can stato if you desire that I will give any me-i chanic $50 ) who will take down and put up my automaton in three week , and 1 will agree to perform tho feat iu three hours.— St. Louis ltcpublican. Fashion in Bogs. ' Evcrv now and then attention drawn to some canine novelty, or, on the contrary, the very rarity of a onee popular variety in like manner forces itself upon the public, or at lca-t upon that portion of the public who : re sup posed to take more than a passing in terest in matters appertaining to dogs. During the present quarter of acentury very groat changes liavo been wrought in almost every breed common to the Britisli Isles; and not only liavo there been these changes in existing breeds, but others new to I his country have be come popularized, and in at least one instance to so great an extent as to se riously interfero with other variét és which are e ;nally useful, perhaps more so, and decidedly more handsome. With theincrcasiug popularity of shows came a turning point in the history of tho dog. It was soon found that an animal had the greater chance of suc cess in the ring the cleaner it was shown, and the more comely it was in Appearance. A rough, unkempt, unwa hed, unca eu-lor crea ture, whose home was in the converted sugar barrel in the back yard though the bluest of blue blood might beat in his veins, as long as he remained so. had not the ghost of a chance of beating its less-pedigreed brother whose homo was the parlor, or even the kitchen, and whoa e "tubbed" each Saturday or some other night with as great regularity ns are the chi dien themselves. Befo e the exhibition era the bull terrier was kept as a lighting dog; the terriers to kill rats in the pit, or to draw badgers; tho I nil-dog was oftener the pet of the pugilist than the cqjnpanion of the gentleman; the mastiff and tho bloodhound wore re tained on the estates possessed by the owners of baronial mansions, li ing in the kennels there; while the pugs toy spaniels and Italian greyhounds found a cozy corner, in my lady's boudoir. The hounds and sporting dogs generally held their own position in society. They could not be done without and had flourished, ami would no doubt have continued so to do without the int r fe.euue of any intlucr.eo outside that their owners and admirers would have brought to bear in tho ordinary course. But as exhibitions gained in popularity it b came the fashion of the man or woman who was fond of a dog to kee one. of some distinctive breed, and possible good enough to show perhaps to win a prize. One success begat an other, until a mere admirer of tno dog of n it g became an ardent fancier; in plaoo ol one he would keep half a dozen, and each so good as to equal or surpass those of his neighbor. At least, such was the ambition which prevailed. A new trade, indeed, sprung up; before, the dealings had for tne great part beon confined to men, many of them most respectable, who boro no good rcjiuto because they were dog fanciers." Later these professionals had, so to speak, their noses well-nigh put out of joint, for the trade was entered into by cap ita'ists, who, always liking a bargain over a horse, now found a more re munerative and less troublesome one in buying and selling dogs; and when some of then) could obtain a name for knowledge of canine matters in ad vance of tiieir. less fortunate fellow men they were invited to judge at cer tain shows, and thus placed in a more favorable position than ever for the purchase and sale of canin - live stock. So fashion varied, and that which was once upon a time considered trade tit only to be carried ou in connection with a "public" or beer-house in due course so rose in respectability as to be in advance of that o! the araat ur wine or c gar merchant, who seeks to poison or iiuiocate his friends in order that h) may be a few pounds per rnnum the richer .--London ' A Kalnjr Bay. It is a genuine rainy day—not show ery, nor mill and drizzling—hut there is the sound of abundance of rain." The t ,:r-!y earth drink» up tho rain AIIU t ur.'iy Ull ES» utilisai IIJ« »IIV lam. And drinks and (rasps for drink again. It is likely to have enough of it tide time, for the windows of Heaven are open, and at this rate, before night, the dry wayB will he turned into brooks and the brooks into rivers. Suppose there are some persons to whom th's rainy day is a groat disap pointment; it interferes with their plans and disturbs their appointments. But to others it com -s as a benediot'on; it is just the day for indoor work, wo have a good excuse for not leaving the house, aud the weather is an effectual protection against the intruside or vex atious visitors. We can settle down to our writing or reading, or whatever eiso we have to do, without tho danger of interruption, and this gives a charm to our work. Wo are, of course, vorv sorry for those who are not allowed to stay within tho doors, let the weather be as it may—for the milkmen, the butchers, the bakers, the postmen and others who must face the sto m. even if the rain comes down in torrents; but then, they are used to it, and have long since accepted it ns one of the inoidonts of their location. We would npt care to live in a rogion where it seldom rained. By scientific in igation good crops may be made to grow, but the artificial ditch is a poor substitute for ttie rain, l'ooplo want a l.ttle vari ty in tho weather, as they do in everything elso. V\ e en oy things oy conti'iist, and' the long, driving atom makes the morning all the more glori ous when tlio sun comes out. In the first place the ra n washes the atmos|ihere. of its foul odors, swoops away into lhe river the decaying su > stan" os which would breed pestilence on the land, replaces the stagnant wa ters with the dews of hca.cn, nnd furnishes to man the only effectual material for its purifient ou. Gne thing which the rain does is to regulate tho temperature. Another function of lhe rain is that of vivifier. Life would be inijiossibie if there was no rain. \ ege tatiou of all k nd would w.thor, beasts and birds would die, and tho habitation of man would be desolate. i- till an other office of the rain is that of a fer tilizer. V\ ater is tho medium by which nil that goes to form the substance of living tilings is brought into contact with and assimilated hy them. The roots of a tree may bo imbedded in tho richest soil, tho warm sunshine m -y play upon its leaves, all Hie materials that are ind spensnblo to its growth may hover about it, but unlesss thoie is moisture to open the pores aud convoy to it its loud, it will soon die. The desert is such from want of water; let tho rain come, and after a little while the wilderness will bloom wilh fördere lldestino was onee n land flowing with milk and honey it is fiarron now because the rain has in ag.eat measure ceased to fall, 1 hero are some mysteries about tho rain which science has novor fully re solved. Sometimes we have what is called a very dry season—for weeks or months there is no rain, and yet the up per air must he full of moisture, for tlio evaporation of the ocean is never sus pended. There is all the alternation of heat and cold which is needed in order to tho condensation o' that flioist.ure, but, from some cause, communication between the earth and the clouds seems to be suspended But in any event it is satisfaction to know that men can never stop tho rain when tlio clouds are ready to empty themselves; if they could we should be at tho mercy of hay-makers and oxcursionis's and coach proprietors. Une of tho profound sayings that lias come down lo us from antiquity is this: "When If rains let it tion The able and iug It erts Joa an of the rain." We do well to accept this with out qualification, for wo doubt whether it is in the power of man to regulate the ra n and tho sunsh'nu to any nette advantage, even if the matter woro put under his control.— Wacerly Maijaune. en to (Jiicer ton voyances. Some birds are known to fly long dis tances carrying their young on their backs. Small birds take pa-sage Aördsfl the Mediterranean' Sea on the hacks of larger and stronger ones. They could not fly so far. i heir streng h Would give out and they Would drop in tiie water. Along the northern shore of the sea, iu autumn, these little brdS as semble to waft the Coming of cranes from the north, as people wait for the train at a railroad station. With the first cold blast the eranas- arrive, flock after flock. They utter a peculiar cryi as of warning or calling, It attsW r« the same purpose as Ihfi ringing of tlio bell whelt the train is about to start. The small birds understand it. They get excited.. They hasten aboard, scrambling for places. The first to Como get the best seats. If the passen gers are too many, some will have to flit baek to tho hedges till the next train. How they chatter good-byes— those who go aud thoss who Slav- No tickets have they, but all the same they are conveyed safely. Doubtless the great birds like this warm covering for their backs. In th s way the small birds pay their fare. And it is these last who must be out in the wet if it storms. The little passengers are of different species, like Americans, Irish, Germans and Chinese traveling to eth er in ears or steamships. Their journey ':ig[ ft takes them through the a r, high above waters. They are the wide sweep ol close companions on the way. By and by they reach the beautiful south'eoun try. 1 herp they build nesis and sing sweetly, as they build hero Hnd slug for M« in our happy summer time. Judutd, God cares foe tji« SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. —It is now stated that the substitu tion of iron for wooden sleepers on railroads is only a question of timo. The change has already made consider able progress in Germany. —Paper labels may bo removed from bottles by wetting tho surfaco and holding for an instant over any convenient flame. The steam pene trates tho label at once and softens tho paste. — Exchange. —The growing of ohioory is boeom iug an important California industry. It is said that $3,000 worth is sold monthly irom tho plantations on Rob erts and l'nion Islands, in the San Joa ,uin delta .—San Francisco Call. —A New York ice- ream manufac turer claims to be able to make ice cream keep a year iu just as good condition as when first made. It is in brick form, about 8x1x3 inèhos, and wrappod up in wbito paper.— N. Y. Mines. —Literature comes every year more and mure completely under the dom inance of newspapers, and now that an ingenious inventor has devised a proves - hy which, with tho aid of oleo tricity and photography, 3 0,000 copies of a sheet may be printed in an hour, everything else may ns well retire from the field. — N. T. Times. After spending a small fortune in experimenting, a New York photogra pher succeeded in so diffusing and soft en ng the shadows cast by tue electric light that it answers every purpose of sunlight in photography, 'lno method, however, w.ll never' be generally adopted on ncuoutit of the expense at tending it.—AT. Y. Sun. A Connecticut whittler has cut from a single block a group of figures representing a span of horses attached to a carriage in which are seated two men. Even tlio spokes of tho wheels are perfect, and tlio wheels res olvo on their axles freely. Tho harness is com plete in evory detail, a id ran be moved on the horses. Several months morn will be required to perfect the m nor details. -Hurt ord Co traft'. —Bricks made of cork now con stitute one of the new German in dustries. '1 he usual size is ton hy four and three-foùrths and two and à half in- hos. They are prepared from small corks, refuse and cement, and have not only been used for certain building purposes, on account of their lightness and isolating properties, but are also employed as a covering for boilers in preventing tho radiation of heat.— Chicago Herald. —Astronomers, sav that tlio length ol the year has not diminishe I ten sec onds in 2JKH) years, nnd that eon luently the mean distance of our planot from the sun is only about twenty miles less turn itwa< twenty ceutunes ago. At til's rate it would take a hundred million of years to bring us a million of miles nearer thd sun, or less than a third of tho present range of distance due to tlio cooen trieity of tho earth's orbit. < PITH AN» POINT. —A.Pennsylvanian named Burt poi soned himself last. week. He took a bottle full of morphine. He had four wives living. No cause for the rash act can be assigned. Hurlinr/thn Nankei/e. —An anxious inquirer Wants to know the fashionable color for dog's pants. — P.iladclpMa Call. Well, we'll toll you; we delight to Impart useful in formation, ltispurp —1.— Oil Cilg Der rick. — An inventory of a Boston lady who died in 1763 contained an entry of olio "silk harlequin counterpane," valued at c'ghl shillings. Dear! dear! An i everybody thought tho crazy quilt was something new.—/ oston Trans-riph A great Unsettled question In this country is, "When does a young lady cease to bo young?" The worldgenor orally says after she has become grandmother; but some women wont have it that way. — Yonkers (Id teil — Professor, who is instructing the class in history as lo the character the American Indian: "Why does an Indian usually make up his mind more tjuiokly than a White man?" L mall boy:' "Because he generally has less mind to make up.— dulden Days — A toï.oise Leafing tho inscription W.,.1774," was found in a grove hear here yesterday. There is nothing bogtls about it, either, V\w know tho young man who cut the initials and date on tho tortoise only two days be fore it was found, - Norristown lkrald. —What is my opinion Of ltfck? it seeing wilh both eyes shift w hat nobody elfiti can s8o W'th both eyes open,.. .....- Ills r Whit is my opinion of labor? thd hard shell around th ■ milk in the * ocoa nut. . .What is my opinion of love? It is a pretty honeysuckle, with a raw bumble bee in It .— Merchant Traveler. —The daughters of Longfellow, while the guests of Mrs. Ole Bull, in Norway, this summer, will take a trip to see tno midnight sun. What a Strange place Norway must be. In this country the girls do not have to take any trip to see the midnight son. The midnight son generally takes the trip to see them.— '(mien Statesman. -They were standing at the front gate. "How bright the moon is to-night, George, dear!" she said. "Yes," re plied George, "It is a perfect evening." •■Do you put any faith in Mr. Wiggin's alleged dis o ery of another moon—a dark moon?" 'he asked. "Well, I hard.y know what to think about the matter. Suoh a discovery may bo pos sible, but I don't know In fact,' he continued, frankly, "when I was at cob leae i never paid any attention tq bob »S Y. it, the on mg of COMMERCIAL LAW. Brief IflfMt. of Lato Koctslon«. (Compiled Spooiekf lor the Midland In In* trial Gazette. St- Louis. Mo.1 EXECUTION—PARTIES IN INTEREST MAI AGREE WHAT PURCHASE SIA'Y embrace. A, B and 0 owned a certain tract ol land, each an undiv sled one-third. A's interest was passed by a sale under a (iced of trust given by him, and 1) be came tho owner of such interest, sub ject to a judgment against A and B, which was a prior lien to that of th« trust deed, if became the purohnsof at tho sale under o edition of, this judgment. E having a later judgment against A und B, after tlio expira. ion of twelve months, redeemed from th« first execution sale and levied upon the land, and to keep 1> from bidding at the sale, by an arrangement with B ami 1), agreed to hid off tho land on Ids execution, and that the sale should in no manner affeot the title hold by D to the undivided one-third of tho Und, or the interest of A, he had bought under h s doed of trust. In this eiusö, Kell vs. Worden appealed 1o the Su premo Court of Illinois, itwivt held that tlio contract, was a valid and bind ing one and timt K by Ills purehns 1 at tho Short IV sa'e. acquired only Jb's un divided one-third of tlio land. LIFE INSURANCE—FALSE ANSWERS lit APPLICATION. - The insured stated in his application that, nhne of his no ir relatives had b ien afflicted with consumption, whe.eiws, in fact, he lift! near relatives who wore' so ft'l loled. The answer In the sub on this policy was nold I« he bad for fail ure to state ihu naiai'Siuvd degree of re* iationship of such relativem. The near ness of such relattou within the mean ing of the contract is a (iuostlou of law. Whet'o the answers to questions In the appllont'on arc by the con tract u arraubid to bo I rue, and if tin truo the contract is to tie avoided, such questions are to ho strictly construed against tho insurer. If there is any amhiguitv In a question, and tlio nn s wer In itself be true though incom plete, tho Insurer, if content with the partial answer, cannot claim a war ■anty extending beyond such partial nnswor.—The l'enmjylvania Mutual Life Insurance Company vs. Wilder, Supreme Court of In liauu. AimrioN— mouto'ukk'.s in hr sT. When a testator explicitly direct* Id* executor to soil Ills real estate and dD vlite tho proceeds among Ills child en, their interest is no more than a right to receive a share of the proceeds, and an instrument. In tho form of a mort gage, purporting to charge tho mort gagor's interest in the land, opera!i* only as an assignment of the share which will bo due to him when the con version Isao .nnlly made; but if, instead of a sale by the executor, there l.s a par tition of the load itself by the b uuu, liqiarlos, such an instrument at onco obtains ail the force of a mortgage upon tlio purport allotted to the mort; gagor, its lien dating from the 'day when it »vas recorded. — I ai ley vs. Thd Allegheny National Baux, Su pro mo Court of l'onnsvlvanio. »ITS FROM XI K« l*KOt*KtlLY SOLD Pro] erty was sold to 11 by order of a court of bankrupt oy; ho uot paying tiff it, the eourt, without notice, vaunted, the order of sale, and made an mylar selling it to C, who paid for it nnd wont into possession of it. Afterward, on review, the sale to C was set as do and tlio sale to 11 reinstated» If, luiv mg paid jor tho property, received pos session of it, ami afterward tho mo my mid by C was repaid to him, ami suit jrought by H to recover the profits derived from th« use of tho property while C had it. Judgmont having l(eetu awarded H hy the tire nit Court of tho United Stales for the Northern District of Illinois C appealed lo the Supremo Court of tlio United Ktnies where tho duois on of tho lower court was roversed, tlm opinion of the court being t at C was not liable to pay to ll tlm profits derived hy him from the use of tho property while lie had it. FHAUDULENT STATEMENT. A merchant who furnishes to a mer cantile agency a statement of his af fairs for the use of tho agency Is rc sponsib e to thoso whom it reaches, ami who are Influenced by it, and in case his representations are false an order of arrest founded on them will be sustained. Ho held by. tins Ijenoiul Term of the New York Supremo Court In the recently decided case of Schulz vs. Harris. BROKER—WHEN ENTITLED TO OOMM 0 8TONS. , In order to entitle a broker to com missions for procuring a purchaser of property on *peeitt»<l term«, he must nrodueo a person ready- and will ng to puichase on those terms, according to the decision of tho Mipremo l our of Minnesota in tho recently decided case iff linmlin vs. ? chults. I'RINUli'AL LIABLE Full ACTS OF AGENT. The Texas Court of Appeals, ip a re cent ease, hold that where a'prinepal puts it in the power of his agent t» make oontracU of to do acta apparent ly wit'dn his authority, which result m injury to innocent third persons or to the principal, the law will impose ti e loss upon the latter. SUIT MAV BE BROUGHT BY AGENT OK PRINCIPAL. • A cont act not under seal mode with an agent in h s own name for an iin dis dosed principal may.be 'sued upon by either thé agent orthe principal, ac cording to the decision of the Mary land tourt of Appeals in the recently decided o»w of the Baltimore t ool Tar Maaufaciurlug Cowpaay T*