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The St. Charles herald. [volume] (Hahnville, La.) 1873-1993, March 10, 1917, Image 2

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Every Church Should Be Made School
For Prospective Husbands and Wives
By ROBERT FULTON CUTTING
Each city church should be a social center. It should be the place
to which any lonely. person, young or old, would naturally turn. No
church should be contented with providing a center for its own imme
diate flock. It should be the inspiration of all community life. The
churches should unite not merely for religious revivals but for social
service. I would like to see groups of churches getting together in plays
and pageants, athletic tournaments or any clean, wholesome recreation.
!They should be in the forefront in the fight for decent housing, the exten
sion of playgrounds and municipal recreation centers. They should
•blaze the way first by individual experiments, and wherever the experi
ments are proved successful, they should induce their adoption by the
city as a whole.
But the church should do one thing more. It should be a school
for prospective husbands and wives. It should teach definitely and
practically the sacred responsibilities of marriage. It should prepare
young women in the essentials of domestic science. It should educate
young men in the sacredness of a pure marriage relation.
In every church there exist matrons of sound common sense and long
experience, who could give young women advice of inestimable value upon
conduct in early married life. There are plenty of men in the church who
«an cultivate in youth the respect for women so essential to domestic hap
piness, and correct that assumption of-superiority by the male sex which
sometimes requires more than patience from a wife. There are 1 far too
many young people who undertake matrimony thoughtlessly, and chafe
when the idle dreams are dispelled by the seriousness of the problems of
domestic economy and parenthood. A little foreknowledge and prevision
would go far to prevent many a wreck in married life, and the church
might well address itself to supply these life preservers.
State Regulations With No Approach
to Uniformity Burden the Railroads
By J. A. ADAMS of Chicago
Sectional selfishness and shortsightedness have led to the passage
of state laws giving preference to railroad traffic within circumscribed
ateae at the expense and to the prejudice of neighboring states served by
the railroads subjected to these enactments. Fifteen states, by prescribing
* minimum daily movement for freight cars or by imposing heavy penal
ties for delays, attempt to favor their own traffic. Some of these have
fixed the minimum moving di&ance for a freight car at 50 miles a day,
the average for the whole country being 26 miles. <
In one state the penalty for delay is $10 an hour. Twenty states
regulate hours of railway service, the variations running from ten to
sixteen hours a day. Twenty-eight states specify headlight requirements
without an approach to uniformity, and fourteen states have dissimilar
safety-appliance acts.
Compliance with these requirexfiiifts places a burden upon the rail
roads, which is not borne alone by traffic from these discriminating states,
but is imposed upon.the whole volume of traffic entering these states.
State laws, moreover, are not merely suggestive. They are posi
tively mandatory, and divest the carrier absolutely of discretion to develop
new markets or to deal with trade equities. As a result the creative,
aggressive individuality and experience of the railroads is throttled and
subordinated to the caprice, arbitrary rule and inexperience of political
regulators whose performance is mechanical, superficial and selfish.
Future of United States As Industrial
Nation Rests on Conservation of Coal
Br W. L. SAUNDERS of New York
The United States leads the world in industrial activities, and onr
natural resources form the basis of this success, so it is natural that if
we wish to maintain this enviable position in the industrial world it is
essential that we conserve our natural resources.
We are an industrial, not an agricultural nation. It is because we
have advanced from the farm to the workshop that we have grown great
and rich. The true measure of an industrial nation is its consumption
of coal.
The first result of partial mineral exhaustion will be increased prices.
This, of course, will restrain industry. It will also restrain our ability to
defend ourselves in war, for everyone knows that the supremacy of a
»»«tinn in war today depends on its strength and capacity in oil, coal, iron
and ether minerals. Plenty of soldiers, and even plenty of money are
not sufficient to resist attack.
In the matter of coal, competitive struggle of operators to maintain
a plaoe and to keep out of bankruptcy obliged them to mine only the easy
pl y#! in the seam, leaving the rest of the ground perhaps never to be
utilized. Federal experts in the forest service have pointed ont that in
the lumber industry practically the same conditions exist as in coal.
United Stales Must Look Chiefly to
South America (or Trade After War
By JOHN BARRETT
•cte* *f —
BSgSBB
i liatoi
While the nations of Europe are prosecuting the greatest war of
*y with an efficiency and determination almost beyond human eon- He
at
a
the
till
I

tin
they an at the same time preparing for the even greater indus
war which they know will come at the conclusion of peace. They
»pose to recoup their losses by regaining the trade that has been lost,
to extend it into new and hitherto unexploited fields. They will
the sasite thoroughness to their new task as they have to prose
the war.** ** *«•* ,
^Auiêrieans need not look to Europe as an outlet for. their products.
Booth America 'Will he practically thé only field that is left open to us,
and it behooves us te prepare ourselvei for the struggle now. Despite tbs
handicaps of lade of a credit system and transportation, the United States
before fiie war did $200,000,000 more business with Latin America than
Jte next nearest competitor
"....... .....
ed
tidy
ning
a
ings,
dty.
tin
No
the
Guest
$
By Augustus Goodrich Sherwin
(Copyright, 1917, by W. a. Chapman.)
"Mister, I'm hungry."
Martin Brill had Just come out of the
retail salesroom of a great baking es
tablishment. He had a large, but light
package under his arm : two pounds of
crackers. He had a small parcel in
his coat pocket: ten cents' worth of
common, plebeian sausage.
A man with his coat collar turned
up and looking like the average per
son out of work had hailed him. Neith
er had Martin an overcoat.
"Why, I'm hungry, too," he replied
In his usual bright, happy way. "I
don't live but a square from here.
Maybe you're in want of a shelter, too,
eh, mÿ friend?"
"I am just that," answered the stran
ger.
"Come along, then, if you're not too
dainty. I've just spent my last dime,
but I've got enough coal for the little
stove to last till Saturday night. My
room rent is paid. You look sober and
respectable. Come along, you're wel
come."
"You're a good man," said the stran
ger with unction, and they walked on
together,
"You see," rattled on Martin, ns
cheerily as If they were bound for
some banquet, "I have to buy close.
Twenty cents—well, I went to a
butcher shop. I didn't order a pound
of sausage, but ten cents' worth, and
the butcher cut me ofT a fair foot of
the roll. I bought broken cracker*,
Just as fresh as those bnked with
them, only a corner off here and there,
O
"Here's a Mystery—or Is It Mischief?"
broken and disfigured, but crisp as all
of
is
a
the
My
and
the
at
you,
you,
the
you
He came home at nightfall well satisfied
broken and disfigured, but crisp as all
can be. I can brew a cup of coffee.
Here we are—does It suit you?"
"But how about yourself tomorrow?"
suggested the stranger.
Oh, I'll manage to pick up the day's
feed. There's snow to shovel, coal to
carry In, wood to split. I'll manage.
Tell you, friend, I've seen dark times
the last month, but—never say die!
Come In."
Martin led his invited guest up a
dark stairway and lit a lamp. The
room was sparsely, but cleanly fur
nished. There was a double bed with
coarse but warm blankets, a table,
chairs, a small stove, and In this a
fire was soon going."
"Light housekeeping !" observed Mar
tin, with a ringing laugh. "Now then,
set to."
Martin ate like the hearty, healthy
man he was. The other barely nibbled
at a few fragments of the food. Mar
tin observed this, but attributed it to
a distaste for the coarse fare and said
nothing. Then they sat chatting.
"You're pretty poor, aren't yon?"
observed Martin's guest, who called
himself Lester.
"No, I am the richest man in the
world !" declared Martin, promptly and
with vigor. 'Tve got a girl to think
of—wife, some day, for she's true and
patient and has faith in me. I left
the old town with a little capital six
months ago. I lost In my first invest
ment. All right m keep straight on
till Tve done what her father insists
I must demonstrate ; good behavior al
ways, strict attention to business. Fm
rich in Elsa Warden's love. It's a
glory that irradiates my life."
Martin shared his bed with Lester
that night The latter left him with
• warm expression of gratitude. Mar
tin started out to earn his dally bread.
with the two dollars he hçd earned
assisting a family to move. He treat
ed himself to an oyster stew on this
particular occasion. He started in to
tidy up, to come across a small mem
orandum book that had evidently fallen
from the coat of his guest of the eve
ning previous. Martin opened it
«usually. He gave a puzzled start
"Why, what's this?" he ejaculated in
a surprised, way—"my name, my do
ings, tab on me since I came to the
dty. Here's a m ys t e r y o * to tt mi»
chief?" .r
A series of entries told of how Mar
tin had come to the dty and bought
12
of
es
of
in
of
"I
out a small store. Later he had learned
that It had been sold to him by a set
of sharpers, acting as agents for a poor
widow lady who never got the money.
Honest, whole-hearted Martin promptly
put the woman in possession of the
store, pocketed his loss and without a
grumble at fate went cheerfully on his
way, doing the best he could.
An item told of his dividing his lit
tle stock with the poor and distressed,
of his care for the weak and unfor
tunate, of his pure, true life, a man
among men in his moral and humane
standards.
The memoranda cited his trials and
misfortunes. There were many details
of instances where he had not dis
dained the hardest labor to keep his
head above water, and all the time
never departing from the courage, en
ergy and sterling moral principles of
a man strictly devoted to his duty.
There came a knock at the door Just
as Martin had completed traversing
the queer chronicle.
"Come in," directed Martin, and
Lester entered the room. He eyed
Lester critically, and, in a way, un
easily.
"I lost something here last night,"
spoke Lester.
"Yes, I have Just found it,'' replied
Martin instantly, and with not much
cordiality, for his suspicions had be
come aroused. "Here it is."
Lester looked embarassed as he took
it. He drew out his watch and glanced
at it. Martin was amazed. This pen- j
sionev, this mendicant had displayed a
fine gold timepiece scarcely comport
ing with his alleged poverty.
"Walt a minute," directed Martin.
"I glanced over your memorandum
book. Naturally I am rather curious
as to its rather complete history of
myself since I came to the city."
"Yes," nodded Lester, and rather
confusedly, Martin fancied, and his
head inclined toward the hallway as
though expecting somebody.
"Why?" projected Martin bluntly.
"Well, to tell yon the truth," spoke
Lester after a slight pause, "I was
hired to gather up the Information."
"Then you confess to being a spy?"
challenged Martin.
"Don't pnt it that way to a person
who has been interested, more than
that, benefltted by contact with one
of the best men he ever met, and that
is yourself."
"Who hired you, and wherefore?"
pressed Martin with insistency.
"I—you shall known in time. Ah,
you shall know now !" added Lester in
a tone of relief, and as the door again
opened he stood aside to reveal a new
coiner—the father of Elsa Warden.
The old man was genial, eager,
friendly. He advanced and grasped
the hand of Martin with warmth.
"Didn't expect me?" he cried. "Well,
Elsa made me come and I was glad'to.
My boy,-1 put you through a tough or
deal to try you ont, didn't I? Weil,
you've been true blue all through It
and never flunked. It isn't making a
fortune easy that spells success. It's
the spirit of dauntlessuess that laughs
at bad luck and brings out the real
gold that is In a man. You're coming
back home with me, Martin."
"What for?" inquired Martin.
"To become my son-in-law and to
start In business, where Elsa wants
you, and I, too. Fve been watching
you, young man," with a meaning
glance at Lester. "I'm not afraid of
the future of a man like you. Don't
you understand?"
"I thank you," responded Martin in
a voice almost unsteady with intense
emotion. And realized that the path
way he was to tread—and not alone—
would be illumined with the full radi
ance of perfect love.
Flowers and Pictures.
"Don't stand a vase of flowers In
front of a picture ; let It make Its own
picture," was the advice of an Interior
decorator who counted a bowl of blos
soms to be as decorative, against a
wall, as would be a framed picture.
"A vase of blooms or branches
should be as t carefully 'composed,' and
placed with as direct reference to its
background, as Is the painting," she
continued. "All too often a spray of
flowers Is thrust into the wrong vase
(to bring out Its beauty) and then
stood up on a cabinet, a shelf, or the
top of a piece of furniture, where Its
outlines are entirely lost, by being
shown against the broken lines of oth
er objects. The Hues and colors of
flowers and flowering branches are
very beautiful, and they should be giv
en a simple, neutral background,
where their full value may be dis
played. A jar of roses, exquisite when
placed against the soft gray of a plain
bit of wall, will lese all Its charm
When stood on a table with a lamp of
one color beside it, books of other col
ors behind It, and curtains of still oth
er shades in close proximity.
"Treat each bowl of bloom as a pic
ture, and frame It with a harmonizing
set of neighbors, leaving Its back
ground clear to show It off to the full
est advantage."—Christian Science
Monitor.
Rum That Won.
The subway crush was at least as
bad as ever, if not a bit worse than
OMtal, as two hnsky fellows stood
dungling from straps.
"Yon don't look any too well," said
one. "Just what was that illness?"
"Oh," sold the other, "he said it was
smallpox, but that doesn't seem possi
ble, inasmuch as I was in bed only
12 days. Anyway, I feel less like a
cured man than Td like to. Today at
the office I had all of the symptoms
of my first attack."
One by one the three men sitting
within range of the voices got to their
feet apd sauntered toward the vesti
bule. The fibber and his friend sal
down.—New York Herald.
,
set
the
a
his
lit
of
j
a
FARM LOAN ACT.
I. The Co-Operative Banking
System Established Under It.
(By Frank R. Wilson, federal loan bu
reau, Washington, D. C.)
The federal farm loan act, adopted
in June, 1916, and signed by President
Woodrow Wilson shortly after, creates
a comprehensive, co-operative banking
system to lend money to farmers an<f
prospective farmers for purposes of
land purchase, farm development, and
the refunding of indebtedness.
The system consists of two main di
visions; a money-assembling agency,
through which the accumulation and
savings of the country are gathered in
and a money-lending agency, through
which this money is distributed for
agricultural uses.
The farm loan act, in brief, pools the
farm mortgages of the nation ; issues
a collateral trust security against these
pooled mortgages, and sells these se
curities in the open market.
The establishment of this co-opera
tive banking system was made neces
sary by reason of the fact that banks
n most parts of the United States
have not possessed the facilities to
properly take care of farm loans be
cause these loans required too long a
time to run; because interest rates to
farmers have been too high, rouging
from 5 per cent per annum to 5 per
cent per month; and because private
money-lending agencies had not real
ized the reflex advantages to them
selves of a long time, amortized loan
to the farmers.
Machinery for Its Application.
The machinery provided in the ap
plication of the farm loan act has
three main divisions:
First—The federal farm loan board
in Washington, D. C., composed of the
secretary of the treasury, William G.
McAdoo, chairman ex officio; George
W. Norris, farm loan commissioner;
Herbert Quiek, Capt. W. S. A. Smith
and Charles E. Lobdell.
Second—The 12 federal loan banks
throughout the United States.
Third—The national farm loan asso
ciations, each composed of ten or more
farmer-borrowers, which associations
secure loans for their members from
the federal land banks.
The federal farm loan board is in
charge of the entire system. Its first
important duty was to divide the coun
try into 12 bank districts and locate
one federal land bank in each. This
board also provides the banks with
temporary governing boaifls during
the process of growth. Later a system
of co-operative self-gqvernmerit will be
Inaugurated under which the associa
tions of farmers will direct these big
financial institutions, under the super
vision of the federal farm loan board.
Each of the 12 federal land banks
starts business with a paid-np capital
of $750,000, subscribed by the govern
ment, If private investors do not sub
scribe it within 30 days after the books
are opened. These banks have the
right to lend to national farm loan as
sociations up to 20 time* the capital
stock of the banks. The lending ca
pacity of these banks is automatically
increased by requiring the farm loan
associations to reinvest in the capital
stock of thé banks one-twentieth of
the amount their members borrow.
Thus the capital stock of the banks In
creases in the same ratio as their
loans. The banks acquire additlohnl
money for lending by selling their own
bonds to investors.
Without Profit to Individuals.
When a bank tends money and takes
first mortgages on farms in exchange,
It Issues bonds against these mortgages
nnd sells the bonds to produce more
money to lend.
The bonds issued by one bank are
secured by the assets of all the banks
operating under this system, and the
rate of interest on the bonds is adjust
ed by supply and demand. The rate
of Interest charged to members of farm
loan associations for money which they
borrow from the hunks, cannot exceed
by more than 1 per cent the rate of
interest paid on the bonds. This mar
gin Is provided lo pay the cost of
operating the banks. So, if the bonds
sell at 4 per cent and the cost of
operating is 1 per cent, the interest
rate to the fanner-borrowers will be
5 per cent. If the cost Is held down
to one-half of one per cent, the inter
est rate to the farmer* would be 4%
per cent.
So, briefly, the members of the as
sociations of farmers borrow from the
banks ; the banks issue bonds against
th* farm mortgages and borrow money
from Investors ; the farmers Invest an
amount equal to one-twentletb of the
amount they borrow, in order to pro
vide an increasing capital for the
banks, and the whole process is done
under governmental supervision
without profit to any individual.
and
No Hindrance.
"Pop, win yon answer me one busi
ness question?"
, " Alway * * ,ad to, my son. What Is
It T
"When a community goes dry can
a firm there liquidate?"
Lucky Mermaid.
There goes a millionaire and his
ür *t saw her in a div
ing tank."
"Well ! Well !"
"Thanks to his money, she's been in
the swim ever since."
Art's Main Point.
I always said Pusbkey was ■ Koh
ttUn, of
The,a ° k
up a
It is cruel to force nauseating,
harsh physic into a
sick child.
Look back at your childhood day*.
Remember the "dose" mother insisted
on—castor oil, calomel, cathartiea.
How you hated them, how you fought
«gainst taking them.
With our children it's different
Mothers who cling to the old form ot
physic simply don't realize what they
do. The children's revolt is well-found
ed. Their tender little "insides" ar*
injured by them.
If your child's stomach, liver and
bowels need cleansing, give only deli
cious "California Syrup of Figs." it*
action is positive, but gentle. Million*
of mothers keep this harmless "fruit
laxative'' handy; they know children
love to take it; that it never fails to
clean the- liver and bowels and sweet
en the stomach, and that a teaspoonful
given today saves a sick child tomor
row.
Ask at the store for a 50-cent bottl*
of "California Syrup of Figs," which
has full directions for babies, children
of all ages and for grown-ups plainly
on each bottle. Adv.
When Love Was Exhausted.
They hud just become engaged. He
had kissed her long and incessantly
and when finally he stopped, the tears
came into her eyes, and she said:
"Oh. dearest, you have eeused to
love me."
No. I haven't," he replied. "I just
stoppe«] to get my breath."
COVETED BY ALL
but possessed by few—a beautiful
head of huir. If yours Is streaked with
gray, or is harsh and stiff, you can re
store it to its former beauty and lus
ter by using "La Creole" Hair Dress
ing. Price $1.00.—Adv.
The Eternal Triangle.
"Mother, I just hate that little
Smith girl, and I am uot going to play
with her any more."
"Why, Mary, dear, what has that
litie girl done to you?"
Well, she hasn't done anything to
me, but she gives Bobby Half of her
apple every recess time before I get a
chance to give him half of mine."
ainsi» dote of Dr. Peery'a "Dead Shot"
will settle the question. Ita action upon
the Stomach and Bowela la beneficial In
either caae. No second dosa or after pur
KStlva necessary. Adr.
The Older the Better.
The elderly millionaire was "fessln*
up" to one of his friends at the club.
Would you consider it any barm to
deceive her about my age?"
"Perhaps not."
"I'm sixty-two. How would it do to
confess to fifty-two?" *
I'think your chances with Gladys
would be better if you claimed seven
ty-five."
ty-five."
FALLINGHÜllEANS
DANDRUFF IS ACTIVE
\ _
Save Your Hair! Get a 25 Cent Bottl*
of Danderine Right Now—Also
Stops Itching Scalp.
Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy
hair is mute evidence of a neglected
scalp; of dandruff—that awful scurf.
There is nothing so destructive to
the hair as dandruff. It robs the hair
of its luster, its strength and Its very
life; eventually producing a feverish
ness and itching of the scalp, which
if not remedied causes the hair roots
to shrink, loosen and die—then the
hair falls out fast. A little Danderine
tonight—now—any time—will surely
save your hair.
Get a 25 cent bottle of Knowl ton's
Danderine from any store, and after
the first application your hair will
take on that life, luster and luxuriance
which is so beautiful. It will beeoiita
wavy and fluffy and have the appear- »
ance of abundance; an incomparable!
gloa* and softness, but what will \
please you most will be after just a
few weeks' use, when you will actual
ly see a lot of fine, downy hair—new
l ia l r —growing all over the scalp. Adv.
Finding Fault/
Caller—How pleased you must be to
find that your new cook is a stayer.
Hostess—My dear, don't mention it !
She's a stayer all right, but unfortu
nately, she's not a cook.—Boston Tran
script.
Full of Sympathy.
He—Is your sister's fiance rich?
She—Oh, • no. Every time mother
talks about the wedding father says
"poor man !"
i
A new baby carriage, which in
cludes receptacles for clothing, can he
folded to resemble a suitcase.
Constipation generally Indicate* disordered
stomach. liver and bowela. Wright'* Indian
Vegetable Pilla reatore* regularity without
griping. Adv.__
Women are fond of telling their imag
inary troubles, but not their real ones.
Dr. Pierce's Pellets are best for liver,
bowels and stomach. One little Feilet f r
* laxative— three for a cathar tic.—Adr.
A man gossip spends a lot of his
time looking for another job.

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