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IDEAL TYPE OF COW FOR DAIR Y HERD.
The only reliable way to detect tu- j berculosis In dairy cows is by use of i the tuberculin test, according to Dr. J. H. Burt, associate professor of vet- : 'erinary medicine in the Kansas State is Agricultural college. I "This test," said Doctor Burt, "can , hardly be administered by the average , person. It is well to call in the aid of a competent veterinarian, or some j other person who has had actual expe rience in diagnosing the disease. "A cow which is affected with tuber culosis—especially In the more ad vanced stages of the disease—will be a poor feeder, may cough, and will have a tendency to lose flesh, but •these are not always sure symptoms of tuberculosis. There may be other causes contributing to the same con dition. If a cow does show these symp toms, however, It is udvlsable to have tier examined. "Tubercular cows should be shipped to the packing houses having govern- , *************************$ FARMER'S CALENDAR w Î ! 1. If you suspect that your va rieties of corn and cotton are not the best for your section, get in touch with your nearest ex periment station, get the direc tor's views, and then buy from a dealer or breeder of known re liability. 2. Save and apply to the land every possible pound of manure. Plant foods are too high priced to be allowed to waste. 3. Give close study to your crop and soil needs, and then buy your commercial fertilizers to fit these. 4. Keep the harrows right be hind the plows every day, In or der that the clods may be pul verized before they get hard. 5. Clear out all foul fence rows, ditch banks and thickets. Such places are eye-sores, take valuable land, and harbor harm ful bugs. 6. Hold fast to your llve-at home resolutions, for foods and feeds are ruinously high for the farmer who has to buy them.— Progressive Farmer. J************************* GOOD ORCHARD CROPS Most of Insect Pests Can Be Controlled by Spraying. tajurlou« Forma Can Be Reached by Clean Culture, Pruning and Appli cation of Insecticides—Plan for Good Crop. Most of the orchard insect pests can he controlled by simply applying good orchard management. One of the most pathetic sights about a farm is a neg lected home orchard which often be comes so overgrown with weeds, sprouts and briers and so clogged with brush and other rubbish that it may re semble second growth timber more than a real orchard. In such a case the orchardist's first Job Is to clean up the orchard which will also eliminate many of the Insect foes of the orchard. In the orchard, broadly speaking, we bave two groups of Insects ; those which are beneficial. Including the bees, and lady beetles, and those which Are more or less injurious. The bene ficial forms should be protected while the injurious ones should be combat ed. Of the injurious forms some are controlled by general orchard manage ment, Including clean culture, pruning and cultivation, while others can be reached most effectively by applying «prays or other insecticides. Some insects feed by extracting sap with a piercing beak, as the scales and plant lice, while others chew and swal low solid material, as the caterpillars, and beetles. Consequently two kinds of insecticides are needed—those which kill by contact for the sucking types and stomach poisons for the chewing types. Leonard Haseman of the Missouri College of Agriculture eays that the poison and contact solu tions may be mixed and both applied at the same time. Likewise a fungicide ment inspection. Here are special facilities for handling such animals, The carcass is very carefully examined : by the government Inspector, and if it is found to be unlit for food, it la I condemned and made into fertilizer. , "If the diseased cow is an especially , valuable animal, and it Is not deemed advisable to dispose of her immedi j ately, she should be separated from the rest of the herd and cared for by a special attendant. All precautions should be taken to prevent the spread of the disease. "It Is well for the dairyman to test his herd for tuberculosis and eliminate all those animals that are diseased. All animals that are purchased should be tested before they are added to the herd. All barns and housing quar ters should be properly ventilated and maintained In a sanitary condition throughout. Only in this way can the dairyman be reasonably sure of pro , tectlng his herd against infection/' for controlling the diseases of fruit is combined with the insecticides "to kill two or more birds with one stone. If San Jose scale Is present In the apple orchard a strong contact spray should be given during the dormant season. Commercial concentrated lime sulphur diluted with about eight parts ®f water makes an ideal spray for this pest and It also helps to destroy other orchard pests. Spray thoroughly so that each scale is soaked, otherwise those escaping will reinfest the tree the next summer. For the control of tree and fruit in sects during the summer a regular sys tem of spraying should be given. For instance, in the apple orchard a poison spray Including two pounds of arsenate of lead paste to 50 gallons of water combined with a fungicide such as one and one-half gallons of concentrated lime-sulphur to 50 gallons of the in secticide solution should be applied when the bnds open. This is known as the cluster-bud spray. Repeat it again within a week after the blossoms fall, again In about two weeks. This spraying system in the apple orchard, If thorough applications are made, will practically insure a clean crop of fruit when unsprayed orchards produce almost no marketable fruit This applies to .the small home orchard the same as to the large commercial orchard. We must spr$y and other wise combat the Insects and diseases of the orchard If we are to expect any returns. The day has passed when an orchard will take care of Itself and pro duce crops of fruit free from worms and disease. FIGHT ON RUSSIAN THISTLE Land Worked Early and Thoroughly Seldom Gives Trouble, Says Spe cialist of Kansas. of at The Russian thistle can be combat ed as easily as ordinary annual weeds, in the opinion of G. E. Thomp son, specialist in soils and crops In the Kansas State Agricultural college. Land worked early and thoroughly seldom gives trouble when planted to some cultivated crop. The weed should never be allowed to go to seed. The thistle is more harmful than the ordinary weed because it Is drought re sistant and thrives when many other weeds are dead. If left to stand after a small grain crop has been harvested, the Russian thistle decreases the moisture in the ground and leaves It In poor condition for seeding fall wheat. This pest does not ordinarily give trouble in pastures that are not overgrazed. PLANTING SUDAN GRASS CROP Row» May Be From 20 Inches to 3 y t Feet Apart, Depending on Dry Land Conditions. Dry-land sudan grass should always be planted In rows. The rows may be from 20 Inches to 3% feet apart, de pending upon dry-land conditions. This will permit cultivation of the inter vening spaces between rows, and will produce a larger yield than broad casting, with the u»e of less seed. The crop should always be drilled in. A grain drill mny be used by stopping up the requisite number of holes in the drill to produce the distance, de sired b'etween rows. a a SPLENDID UNITED STATES PUTS TO SEA, READY TO MINUTE Gouverneur Morris Visits a Fleet of American Warships "Some where in American Waters'' and Gives a Vivid Picture of Life Aboard a Fighting Ship — Men and Ships Fit to Meet Any Foe. By GOUVERNEUR MORRIS. (International News Staff Correspondent.) Somewhere Near America.—On Fri day, May IL 1 received permission to visit a fleet of United States warships, was told where to find it. how to reach It, and that until Thursday, the 24th of May, I must not convey to the news papers which I represent any of the impressions that it should make upon me, nor ull of the impressions until the end of the war. It inay be of interest to the public to know that the fleet which I visited is somewhere In American waters, and that, backed by the proper authority, it may be reached in several ways. More than this I am not permitted to say, nor may I give the composition of the fleet, nor the names of the ships composing it, nor of any of the officers governing those ships. I must deal in impositives. If I saw faults or virtues I must not particular ize. In short. I must tell about the fleet without telling about it, and give a general impression with most of the impressions left out Battleship a Man. I shall deal, then rather with the humanities of the fleet than with its mi'chanlcs; with its aspects rather than its potentialities. And with one particular ship rather than with many. It has been said that a modern bat tleship is a machine. It Is not. It is a man. His eyes may no longer have the vision of youth, but he sees through a hundred pairs, whose vis ion is twenty-twenty magnified many diameters by lenses exquisitely ad justed ; his hands may not be large or strong, but they have within them ulmost a god's power to destroy. It is as if his brain had multiplied his eyes and made telescopes of them, had increased his body to an ominous and beautiful ubomination, displacing 80,000 tons, and had lengthened his arms and strengthened his hands un til they could reach out clear away over the rim of the world, and there smash and crush and tear and kill. It was twenty years since I had set foot on a battleship. There was some thing familiar about him and some thing strange. R was like meeting a promising friend of your boyhood af ter he had grown into a man. (I will not beshe warships, nor be-her them. They are men.) He had grown older, wiser, grayer, stronger, broader, tall er and swifter. And though neither of us had forgotten the best, nor the worst of those things which we had once had in common, he eyed me askance, and I»felt embarrassed and shy. Warship Now More Kind. if The officer of the deck spoke to a seaman. And by the tone of the voice I knew that friend battleship had not only grown stronger and greater, but so sure of himself that he could af ford to be more courteous and more kind. Things happened. A meal came and went One threw dice for the ci gars. One lost One listened and one talked, and one began to associate in the back of one's head this face with the rightful name of its owner and that insignia with the office of Its wearer. No two faces of the uniformed men around the long, narrow table of the ward room mess were alike. But they were all fine, clean-cut faces of rigorously educated men in the pink of phylscal condition. Like all trav elers, they were broad-minded, and like all men who have been brought np among true values, they were without uffectation of any kind. I have said that a battleship is a man. It is not. It Is a city. That it is a walled city, defended by terrible cannon, every man knows. So I shall not here and now speak of the magic eyes with which it sees the approach of the enemy, the thick armor with which it repels his blows, nor of the terrible cannon with which It returns them. The government is the flagship. The admirals are the governors of states and the captains and com manders are the mayors of cities and towns. It is a complete civilization, a floating country, to which the de votion of its seamen and firemen is as necessary os that of its admirals, captains and commanders. But to return to our city. It dif fers from land cities in that it recog nizes neither night nor day. There are more people awake in the day time than at night ; but the city's eyes are never closed. And during each minute of his waking hours each citi zen knows what he must do, or what he may do. Our Ships at Sea. One day I learned that on the fol lowing morning we were "going out." Close to my room was one of the steel tubes through which the anchor chains slide, and very early I was wakened by a sound that was as if, on a dozen adjoining alleys, giants were bowling and making ten-strikes. A little later I felt the first revolutions of the engines. I did not need to look at my watch. The captain had said that we were going out at 5:15, and I had learned by now that when the navy saya 5:15, it means 5:15 to the second. i I breakfasted at eight and went on deck. There was nothing to be seen Dut water and blue sky, a close-up battleship which resembled ours as one pea resembles another, and sev eral far-off battleships that looked us if they had been cut out of cardboard. All the time that we were out I kept away from charts and com passes. Only the sun by day and the stars hy night gave me any notion of our whereabouts. It was a restful feeling. We were moving at the rate of !•» knots an hour. There was noth ing vague about tiiis. That was our speed to the inch and second. It was also the leisurely rate maintained by the close-up battleship, and his dis tance from us at the end of a given hour was within Inches of what it had been nt the beginning. A marvel of battleships is the pre cision with which they move and keep their distances and mind their man ners. It is only less marvelous than the mobility of their turrets and their great guns. A turret revolves with out a sound. It may be turned so fast that If you got in the way the business end of tire gun would knock your head off, or it may be turned so slowly that to the eye it i9 not turn ing at all. Thut day I attached myself to a group of boys who were learning to be a gun crew and who that after noon would hear a gun fired for the first time in their lives, would fire one and would try to hit a target. Although I did none of the hard work. I think that I shared as an equal in all their mental processes and I know that I suffered just as much as they did when, after rehearsals and dress rehearsals, the gun finally and very suddenly and horribly went off. Learning to Shoot. First, they were taught how to load. For this business a short dum my gun with a genuine brush, screw box and plug is provided. I am not now speaking of great turret guns, byt of lesser guns, whose bark, how ever, is much higher pitched and less tolerable to the ears, eyes, nose, spleen, liver, toes, spine and scalp. I am speaking of a gun which has the highest muzzle velocity of any gun in the world, and much the most disagreeable voice. This is how you load It: The plug man with his right hand swings a lever, the plug swings out of the breech or screw box, and to one side. With his left hand the pluginan slips into its chamber in the plug a primer (possibly a .44-caliber blank cartridge) to replace the exploded one which has been automatically extracted. Then of a is a OFFERS HOME FOR HOSPITAL . • 0 ! v: 'W y £. m M O ■ Mrs. Margarete Sauer of Tompkins ville, Staten island, has offered her house to the government for a Red Cross hospital and herself as a nurse. Mrs. Sauer came to Manhattan the other day, and at the ferry entrance at the Battery asked a policeman to direct her to someone whom she could offer her services and her property. She told him that her husband had volunteered in the navy, and she did not feel like allowing herself to be out done by him. Mrs. Sauer was referred to Col. Jefferson R. Kane of the Amer ican National Red Cross society and she immediately wrote a long letter to him. The house In which Mr. and Mrs. Sauer live and whtch she has offered to convert into a hospital, has a 30 foot front and is nearly double that in depth, and has grounds running back to the next street. Its rooms are large, light and airy, and there is a large cupola on top resembling the up per part of a lighthouse with large win dows all around, and commanding a view of New York harbor. Mr. and Mrs. Sauer are both Germans and have twelve-year-old daughter living at Dresden, Saxony, i Photo shows Mrs. Yargaretbe Sauer. his h" »gain the pluginan su and closes the breech of the gun. That is what the pluginan does. While he is doing It five other men are doing other things of equal importance. The moment the gun is open the trayman slaps into the form box a metal contrivance which pro tects its fine gears and edges from being injured by the sharp point of the heavy wheel, and which guides the shell Itself into the bore of the gun. The brush being open and the tray in place, the first shellman with all his might hurls into the opening the shell that he has been holding, the first powderman hurls after it a bag of powder, and then even as the tray comes out and the breech closes, the first shellman has turned, without using his feet, and received from the second shellman a fresh shell, and the first powderman has turned and received from the second powderman a fresh bag of powder. That is how the gun is loaded. It is a matter of seconds. In practice the shell and the powder bag (omis sion by censor?) to keys the juration of two lines that cross each other at a right angle on the exact center of the bull's-eye. A third pointer does the same tiling with another pair of crossed lines, but the wheel elevates the muzzle of the gun end or de presses it. And of all the men in the compartment of that particular gun he is the luckiest, for he is the only one who knows the exact mo ment when the bang is coming. Ho j causes It by pressing a button. At any moment while a certain buzzer is buzzing, and the crossed lines are on the bull's-eye, lie is at liberty to fire the gun. Blast of the Gun». We steamed slowly down the range a number of times, and ail the com partment guns on our side of the ship swung slowly from left to right, as the pointers kept the crossed lines on the bull's-eye. And we all got a line because we knew that each prac tice run brought us nearer to that real run when the awful blasts that we anticipated would have to be en dured somehow. We turned and steamed slowly to ward the range. We were in the compartment, the gun crew and the officer in charge, myself and twenty or thirty fledgling seamen, who were there to pick up what they could by eye and ear. I have never in one time or place seen so many forced smiles. One of them was mine. We had been served with absorbent cotton and had plugged our ears. The cotton made men's voices sound numb and far-off. It had no effect whatever upon the voice of the cannon. The steel doors of the compartment had been closed and locked. There was no escape. The range came over the speaking tube. The first pointer repeated it and made an adjustment There come a voice, even through cotton, a bellowing voice : "Coming on the range ! Coming on the range !" There was a dead silence. Then low, clear and insistent like the deadly rattle of our most Infamous native snake, the buzzer. I hud forgotten about the gun in the next compartment. I shall never forget it again. It went off. Lifted by the Concussion. I was sitting at the moment and my feet were swinging clear of the deck. I had nothing to jump into. But I rose in the air and came down. Then our gun went The flash was brighter than sunlighL It was of an lntoleAble brightness, and all but in tolerable was the bang that went with it. The assault was less upon the body than upon the soul. My ears did not suffer at alL I went out to see how many shots were fired. I dAd not get used to it I know that, for not once did I see the gun recoil and go back into place. Try as I would, that white, hot, deaf ening flash 6hut my eyes tight for me. I watched a second run from the bridge. It wa9 pleasanter. The bang sticks were even farther off and you could see the tall, white splashes of the ricoehetting shells. I got so thut I could keep my eyes open. I have said that a battleship is a man. I have said that it is a city. It is neither. It is a romance. 1 re call searchlights that searched the heavens and the face of the waters, that crossed and crisscrossed ; the starry calls of the bugles and the sea-salt numes of things. Have you lived in Arcadia? Well, I have lived In the "Junior Officers' Country." I remember a night of firing of shells that gave off fire so that you could watch the long, lovely curves of their flights ; and of searchlights which spoke to each other as easily and as freely as a man speaks to a man. But what is best in our navy is not the machines, nor the drive», nor the controls, nor any of the death-dealing or life-saving appliances. It Is the spirit of these men who, through dis cipline and self-sacrifice, have learned to And the true values of life and the true meaning of that flag for which at any moment they are ready to lay down their lives. I speak not only of admirals and captains, of wardroom officers nnd junior officers, but of the boatswain's mate and the enlisted men. Fearing Onion Shortage, He 9tide. New York.—Having visions of tint Germans capturing Bermuda and rut ting off the onion supply, Diaries Fox of New York city, sixteen years old, curried home a sack of the liiscluus vegetable, $1?» worth. Tin* onions weren't his and he was ssut to Jail WEEKS IN HOSPITAL No Relief—Mrs. Brown Fin ally Cured by Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. Cleveland, Ohio.-"For 7«*« J fered §o sometimes It seemed u^though I could not »tana It any longer. It wu all In my lower organs. At time» I could hardly walk, for If I stepped on a littlo «tone I would almost faint. One day I did faint and my husband w a • sent for and the doc tor came. I was ta ken to the hospital and stayed four weekB but when I came home I would faint just the «ame and had the same pains. A friend who is a nurse asked Ae to try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound. I began taking it that very oay for I was suffering a great deal. It ha» already done me more good than th hospital. To anyone who is suffering aa I was my advice is to »top in the first Bö 1 v* tu -— • _ _ j - n drug-store and Fet a bottle of Lydia R j PinkhamJ. VegeUWe^mpwnd befor you go home. 2844 W. 12th St, Cleveland, Ohio. A Forlorn Hope. "What did you do when you found your husband's case was hopeless?" "We sent right off for the doctor.* HEAL ITCHING SKINS With Cuticura Soap and Ointment— They Heal When Other« Fall. Nothing better, quicker, safer, sweet er for skin troubles of young and old that itch, burn, crust scale, torture or disfigure. Once used always used because these super-creamy emollients tend to prevent little skin troubles be coming serious, if used daily. Free sample each by mall with Book. Address postcard, Cuticura, Dept L, Boston. Sold everywhere—Adv. Eliza's Ambition. "I'm eatin' my peck o' trouble an' no mistake !" exclaimed Mrs. Skewer to her friend, Mrs. Dobbs. "fi ot wiv Jimmie jest 'ad measles an' my 'usband down why skyattlcker. I've got quite enough worry wivout Eliza wantin' to leave 'ome." "You don't mean to say so!" ex claimed Mrs. Dobbs, sympathetically. "Does she want to go out to service?" - "Service! No, that she don't!" re plied Mrs. Skewer. "She's got quite a different idea in 'er 'end." "Factory?" suggested her friend. "No, it ain't the factory she's after! I may as well tell you. she's perspir ing to the stage. That's wot she is !" emphatically exclaimed Mrs. Sweker, "an' I won't 'ave it !"—London Tit Bits. Answered. "Pn. wliat Is a fund of informa tion?" asked the kid who could ask a thousand dollars' worth of questions per fiscal month. "Oh, it's merely a little collection taken up occasionally to provide the benighted heathen with school books and other superfluous paraphernalia," responded pa. Home From the Lake. Stude—See that chalk on my shoul der? Roommate—Yeh. Stude—Well, that ain't chalk. Illinois hunting clubs mny raise food crops tiiis year on their es tates. n A Wise Move is to change from coffee to POSTUM before the Farm is done. 'There's a Rr ison'