WKcft iStWe Da?
There are some matter-of-fact, high
ly practical ways in which women can
manifest their patriotism. They are
not At all spectacular—just plain, ev
eryday, commonplace services—but
they leave no room for doubt ns to the
sincerity that prompts them. First of
£hes« is the conservation of food for
future use. It appears that an abun
<tonce <xf vegetables and fruits will be
«rown, this year and it is up to the
housewives to see to it thut much
greater quantities are canned, dried
and otherwise preserved, than in nor
>ma! times. Then, in case of shortage
In any quarter, there will be a reserve
to call on in other localities.
About the next most useful thing to
-do is to gather up all old materials
fthat can be used to make surgical
dressing, and have them thoroughly
washed. These materials may be
»hipped to the National Surgical Dress
ings Committee, at 209 Fifth avenue,
New York city. In old materials the
committee asks for linen and cotton,
blankets and spreads, sheets and pil
low cases, tablecloths and napkins,
towels and underclothing. This com
mittee Is thoroughly organized for war
rpllef and Is engaged In making a va
riety of surgical dressings out of old
*nd new materials. Many cities and
towns have sub-committees who gather
and forward donations to headquar
ters. Over 1,000 hospitals are served
on the continent and over 8,000,000
*fre»lng8 have been shipped to them.
Women who have the leisure, may
organize a sub-committee in communi
ties t hat have none. The national
committee welcomes the names of peo
ple who might be Interested in form
ing sub-committees. Volunteer work
«rs make up old and new materials
Into surgical dressings and nil other
Wort Is donated, so that the real spir
' * .
i : ->
NEAl HOUSE DRESSES OF HEAVY COTTÔrfS
Some women contrive to do their
housework In neat housedresses
that bespeak them the mistresses of
> their occupation. They never look
-driven and overwhelmed by work, or
•ma If they were left with no time to
«msider the matter of personal ap
jpearance. They look capable—as they
are —of meeting the obligations of life,
that are of all, most Important, and
their housedresses tell their whole
The house dress, like the tailored
-suit, is here—was here and is always
suing to be here, like bread and but
• ter. Its business Is to be strong, con
' veulent, plain and shapely and to
atnnd wear and tear with little change
«C aspect It must be put to the test
the washtub and emerge therefrom
tfcesh and whole. Because it is plain
fs no reason why It should be unattrac
The house dress of today Is made of
cotton fabrics with very oc
it of service Is maintained throughout
A greut work is to be done for the
American Red Cross. Its membership
must be brought up to the strength
required by the war and that is the
tirst business in hand. Individual mem
berships for one year, cost only one
dollar and two dollars will pay for u
year's membership and subscription to
the Red Cross magazine, which is is
sued monthly. Nearly all communities
have a chapter or other representation
of the Red Cross, but where there is
none, anyone may send In an applica
tion for membership addressed to the
American Red Cross, Washington, D.
C. We must look to the Red Cross to
save the lives of wounded soldiers
and every American woman will want
to help in this matter.
There are many activities in the
work of the Red Cross that are in the
hands of women. The making of hos
pital supplies, comfort kits and many
other things for the soldiers will keep
a big army of women busy for some
time. This part of the work is done
under the supervision committee on
hospital supplies and workers in each
community must he trained in order
to make and pack these supplies up
to the standards required by the U. S.
army. Hospitals, churches, schools,
clubs and organizations of all kinds
are assisting In this work. Classes for
Instruction are being formed every
where. Pupils In these classes are be
ing taught how to make bandages,
hospital garments and everything
needed, how to pack them In the right
way, and fitted to teach others to do
this work. Unemployed and especial
ly unmarried women, can give much
of their time to this work and every
woman will want to have some part la
casional exceptions, when coarse un
bleached linen is used. These excep
tions are destined to become more
rare and cotton fabrics are the best
for them. The heavy ginghams, galatea
and border garden cloth, chambrays
and Scotch madras linene and other
strong weaves repay best the work of
making them up.
A good model in linene is shown in
the picture. This is a heavy cotton
that looks like unbleached linen.
Fluid gingham, in white and green, is
used for a sailor collar and for a belt
that goes twice about the body, also
for the cuffs. The belt buttons In
front and the dress is fastened up the
side with bone buttons. This allows
it to be spread flat for ironing and
adds to its trim finish.
: Irenes Little !
By Katharine Howe
(Copyright, 1917, by W. G. ChapmanJ
"Mother ! you never want to go any
The other woman regarded her re
bellious, but undeniably pretty off
spring on the other side of the table
with a look of mild forbearance. She
v.us not yet very old, and had not
forgotten her own youth. Rut there
were firm lines about her mouth which
Indicated that her advice was meant
to be followed.
"Dearie," she sakl gently, "if you
will think that over a minute, you will
see you are wrong."
"Well," persisted the girl, "it comes
so near to being 'never' I don't see
"I wish," sighed Mrs. Folsom, "I
could give you more good times, but
you know our small income won't al
low me to go much in society, where
I would like to go for your sake."
"Yes, I know," said Irene with some
contrition, "but if you weren't so fini
cal about whom I went with—there
Isn't a girl's mother in town as par
ticular as you."
"Perhaps I am a bit old fashioned.
But It seems to me a custom more hon
ored in the observance than the
"Yes, but If you didn't want a care
fully compiled history of everybody I
"Now Irene, let us get down to
facts. I simply don't want you to go
to places with young girls or men
that I don't know anything about. I
want to save you from possibly unhap
py experiences. Perhaps I am all
wrong In trying to save you. Perhaps
I ought to let you have the bitter ex
periences, so that you may learn from
them. I know you will have them af
ter awhile, but you will be older, and
better able to face them. So many
"Now Irene, Let Us Get
terrible things are happening these
days. Sometimes when young girls
go off with strange men, they never
"Yes mumsy, I know," coaxed the
girl. "But Mr. Garston isn't 'a strange
man,' you've seen him."
"Yes, just twice, and I didn't like
"That's because you're so wrapped
up in Jerry Carver."
"Well aren't you?" smilingly asked
"Of course I—I like Jerry, but he
can't take me out as much as he'd like
to. He can't afford it I haven't
been in an automobile in six months,
and now when Mr. Garston wants to
take me for a little spin, you don't
want me to go."
"No," answered her mother, "decid
edly, I don't Who knows anything
about him. He's been in this town
just about two weeks."
Well, everybody likes him, and I
met him at Bessie's house."
"Does she know anything about
"I didn't ask about his past history.
If he was her friend I thought that
"It ought to be enough," responded
her mother. "But in this place it
doesn't seem to be."
"Well," said Irene looktqg at her
wrist watch, "I suppose it's time for
me to go downtown for these things."
Irene now never consulted the clock,
since her birthday present had come
from her uncle. It was a beautiful lit
tle gold wrist watch, set around with
diamonds, and the mother had ex
claimed Just a trifle regretfully when
It came: "Oh, if Uncle Albert had
just sent a check for that amount, it
would have bought your clothes for
two years. It must have cost two or
three hundred dollars."
But when she saw the girl's delight
In wearing It, she remembered her own
pleasure in her first watch, and said
That evening Jerry Carver called.
He was a wholesome, hard-working
yoong fellow with the refinement and
good breeding which appealed especial
ly to the mother, and it was plain he
was deeply in love with Irene. Mrs. 1 gan."
the hotel, and is pretty much of a high
flyer. I don't suppose they'll let him
stay much beyond two weeks, if he
doesn't pay his bill."
''How do you know he doesn't pay
his bill?" flashed Irene with evident
"I don't know," he answered quietly,
but her look and manner stabbed him
to the heart.
''because Mr. Garston Is popular
j with everyone, that's no reason why
j anybody should say such things."
"No," he answered, "if—but I don't
tliink I'd better say any more."
"I think not," she responded icily.
The constraint of the silence that fol
lowed was broken by the young man
rising, and tuklng his leave.
"I think," said Mrs. Folsom, "Jerry
knew more than he would say."
"I think," said Irene, "It was Just
mean contemptible jealousy. I didn't
think he'd be so mean!"
Irene walking toward the post office
late the next afternoon saw Gerald
Garston pnssing in an automobile. He
saw her at the same moment, and be
ing ut the wheel, Immediately stopped
the machine. He was alone, and
begged her to come with him for a lit
tle spin. She objected thut she must
j be home In about an hour, but he said
she need not stay an hour if she did
not wish. The teruptutlon was too
much for the girl, and she got in.
About half a mile further, in the out
skirts of the town, he halted the car
before a small house, and excusing
himself, went in. He wus not gone
more than two minutes when he re
turned, and they went on. They
bowled along a pretty country road,
Garston's manner was respectfully po-!
lite, and Irene was enjoying It to the
full. After a while she began to re
mind him he must get her home in
time. He promised, and put on more
speed. After a minute or two, he
looked behind, uttered an explanation,
and said: "A cop's coming! Speed
ing I suppose!"
Here the man behind yelled a warn
ing, and Garston halted the machine.
The policeman came up on his
wheel, put Garston under arrest, and
told him to drive on to headquarters,
which was only half a mile away, and
he would keep with him. Garstoa,
followed by the policeman, went in.
After a few minutes Garston came out,
worried and embarrassed. He was
fined fifty dollars, he hadn't more than
five in his pocket, and the prospects
were they would both have to spend
the night In the station.
"Oh, but my mother!" cried Irene.
"Oh no 1 no ! something must be done !"
"I haven't even my watch with me.
It's at the Jeweler's," he said.
Nearly crazed, Irene took the Jew
eled watch from her wrist, and begged
him to leave it till he could pay the
fine. Promising to get It back to her
the next day, he took it In, and soon
they were on their homeward way.
Irene anxiously waited for the return
of the watch. The second day she
telephoned the hotel, but Mr. Garston
had left. Then she called up police
headquarters at Easton, but they had
never heard of a watch or a mac
named Garston. It was a very neatly
contrived robbery. The policeman was
simply a disguised confederate, and
the building not "headquarters." The
watch was never recovered, and poor
Irene had to confess to her mother
and acknowledge that In nine cases oui
of ten, a girl would better take het
mother's advice. Whether or not she
followed It In regard to Jerry, the
wedding cards were out in about thre«
Legends of Polar North.
The polar North Is filled with welnl
Imaginative legends, bnt perhaps th<
most imaginative is the theory of the
north Greenlanders recently studied bj
European ethnologists, concerning th«
controlling power of the universe
This, they believe, is a woman, known
as the Old Woman of the Sea. Accord
ing to Hartley Burr Alexander, "one«
she was a mortal woman ; a petrel
wooed her with entrancing song and
carried her to his home beyond th«
sea. When her relatives tried to res
cue her the bird raised suçb a storm
that they cast her Into the sea to sav«
themselves. She attempted to cling to
the boat, but they cut off her hand and
she sank to the bottom, her several fin
gers being transformed Into whales and
seals of the several kinds. In her
house in the depths of the sea Ner
rivik dwells, trimming her lamp, guard
ed by a terrible dog, and ruling over
the anlaal life of the deep."
Corn Saved Pilgrim Father*.
Had it not been for the Indian's com
our Pilgrim Fathers of Plymouth and
our Cavalier forebears of Jamestown
would have perished from famine
They were saved from "The Starving
Times" by the Indian corn which th«
redskins had stored for the winter,
Indeed, the settlers wanted that corn
so much that they introduced the hith
erto unknown vice of theft among th«
Indians. They stole from the caches
and cribs, a practice of which, to quote
Capt. John Smith, "the Indians griev
ously complained." Civilization cam«
to its own on this continent through
corn not only In the East but In the
West for the journal of the Lewis and
Clarke expedition shows that those in
trepid explorers would have died for
lack of food had It not been for the
parched maize they obtained from the
"The itinerant musician yonder is in
Poor fellow! Not of food?"
No; of new airs on his hand or
By L. C. CORBETT
Horticulturist, Bureau of Plant Industry
V. S. Department of Agriculture
The clarkia is one of the prettiest
hardly native annuals that come to us
from beyond the Rocky mountains. It
blooms freely, which characteristic,
taken In connection with the variety
and brightness of its flowers, makes a
bed of them in full bloom an attractive
sight. They are useful, too, for hang-,
lng baskets, for vases, as edging i
plants, for low massing, or for borders.
The seeds should be sown outdoors
In early spring and the plants grown
in partial shade. The clarkias thrive
in a warm, light soil, and their period
of bloom is midsummer and late au
tumn. The average height of the plant
is lVa feet.
Centaurea Cyanus is also known as
"bluebottle," "ragged sailor," "kaiser
blumen," and sometimes as "bachelor's
button." These bright-flowered plants
are of a hardy nature, requiring sim
ple culture, yet they are among the
most attractive and graceful of all the
old-fashioned flowers. When placed in
water after cutting, the flowers In
crease In size. Seed of the annual
sorts should be sown la the open In
April or May and the young plants
thinned to four to six Inches apart.
They thrive well on moderately rich
garden soils. The perennials may be
grown from seeds sown In gentle heat
in March and planted out in May or
The snapdragon Is a valuable border
plant. It flowers the first year from
seed sown as an annual. The bright
color and peculiar form of the flowers
always attract attention. The newer
sorts offer variety of colors and of
markings. The spikes ara useful for
cutting and keep fresh a long time.
From seed sown in the open ground in
May plants will bloom In'July or Au
gust. For early flowers the seed
should be sown under glass in Febru
ary or March and transplanted into
beds of warm, dry soil moderately en
riched. If protected by a cold frame
or even a mulch of leaves the plants
will winter well and bloom early the
I following year. The snapdra
1 most perennials and biennial.,
[bloom the first year, and of whh
! particular display Is desired, shot
be treated like an annual and stwCa
every year. The plant blooms freel
and continually until frost, its a\eras
height being one and one-half feet.
For borders, edgings, baskets, pots,
rockwork, and for cutting, a liberal
use of this dainty little flower is rec
ommended. For borders.
should be sown thickly so as to form
masses. For winter bloom, sow late
iu August and thin the seedlings so
as to stand about four Inches apart,
but for spring bloom or for borders
the seeds should be sown In the open
early In the spring, or even late In the
preceding autumn in some localities.
Where the plant will not endure the
, , ..
^" ter > however enrly^pring^anting
under cover, either In a cold frame or
spent hotbed, or In boxes In n dwelling^
Is most to be relied upon. AlyssuÂ
can also be increased from cuttings!
made from strong new side shoots, as"
well as by division of the roots. By
cutting back after the first flowers
fade others will be produced. While 1
white is the most common and popu-,
Ifir color, there are yellow varieties
The candytufts are among the best
white flowers for edging beds, for
planting in belts, beds, or mnssing, for
rockeries, and for cutting. Several of
the varieties are fragrant, and all are
profuse bloomers. The seed should bo
sown outdoors in April where the
plants are to bloom, und well thinned
when they have grown about an Inch
high. Make a second planting a month
later, and a third late In July for fall
flowers. September sowings will give
winter blooming plants. The soil for
best results should be rich, and the
plants given an abundance of water.
They brunch freely, and if some are
removed the flowers will be larger.
Cosmos Is now one of the notable
fall flowers. It is a strong, tall-grow
ing annual, yet Its bright, bold flowers
have a daintiness and airiness which
is heightened in effect by the feathery
green foliage. It is most effective
when planted in broad masses or long
background borders against evergreens
or fences at some distanco from tha
house and the gurden walks. From
seed started In the house in March or
April the (flants will liavo reached
three or four feet In height by Sep
tember. The bright-colored, dalsyllka
flowers are borne In great profusion
and come at a season when they are
very acceptable. Because of the ro
bust habit of the plant the young seed
lings should be thinned to IS inches
apart when grown on moderately good
soil. Sowing the seed lute and in poor
soil will dwarf the plants. In latltuda
of Washington, D. C., tha plants per
petuate themselves from self-sown
seed. These volunteer plants cun bo
taken advantage of for early bloom.
Experiments In oiling the streets of
Denver, both asphalt and graveled, ara
to be made next summer by the depart*
meut of parks and improvements.
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