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The St. Charles herald. [volume] (Hahnville, La.) 1873-1993, July 07, 1917, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034322/1917-07-07/ed-1/seq-3/

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ROADS in national forests
Allotment Made to Each State for Im
provement by Secretary Houston
—California Leads.
Soerotary Houston lias announced
tin* amount allotted to each state fro . i
tin* million dollars to he spent during
tint fiscal year 1918 in constructing
P<*nds ar:d trails witiiin or partly with
T** the national forests. This monev is
Port of the SlO.OOO.tWJO appropriated
toy the federal aid road act to assist
development of the national forests,
■which becomes available at the rate of
? 1,000,01X1 a year for ten years.
The allotments as approved are as
follows: Alaska, $46,354; Arizona,
$«>8,604 ; Arkansas, $ 9, S ft 3 ■ California,
3110,988; Colorado, $62.575; Idaho,
3108,730; Montana, $70/* «2; Nevada,
319,296; New* Mexico, $42.403; ( ) ro
llon, $128,111; South Ifakota, 38,092;
Utah. $41.167; Washington, $91,944;
Wyoming, $40,684. A total of $9,993
has been allotted to Florida. Michigan,
Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota
:md Oklahoma. The group of eastern
states—Georgia, Maine, New Hamp
shire, North end South Carolina. Ten
nessee, \ irginia and West Virginia—
in which the government is purchas
ing lands for national forests, receives
In making allotments, it is explained,
10 per cent of the amount available
for 1918 is withheld as a contingent
fund. One-half of the remainder has
been apportioned among the states in
amounts based on the area of the na
tional forest lands in each state, while
the other half has been allotted on a
basis of the estimated value of the
timber and forage resources which the
forests contain.
Poor Economy to Replace Worn-Out
Floors With Wood, Says Minne
nesota Highway Commission.
It Is poor economy to build bridges
with wooden floors or to replace
worn-out floors with wood, the Minne
sota State Highway commission says
in a late bulletin issued to county
boards and district engineers.
"The department is frequently re
quested to inspect old bridges and de
termine whether it is feasible to re
place a wooden floor, because in a ma
jority of cases the old bridge is found
to be dangerous when carrying trac
tion engines," says the bulletin. "It
««rs tags* t
' <•. ^
:.*f A
Wmm ggjgg
Building Concrete Bridge.
takes a strong bridge to carry a con
crete floor, but we find that after the
original floor has been replaced twice
with wood, on a light truss, the ex
pense is as great as it would have been
to build a concrete floor bridge, with
heavier steel, and any further expense
is a clear waste of monev."
Estimated Coet of 23 Cents a Ton Per
■tsr,. on Average Highway— 13
« 1 » Cents on Improved.
There Is no need of discussing the
'importance of good roads. They are
•essential to comfortable travel, to the
economic production and distribution
cf farm products, to the development
especially of shtisfactory rural schools,
raid to the improvement of the social
life of the nation. Bad roads are
Tory expensive possessions. It is es
timated that it costs 23 cents under ex
iting conditions to haul a ton n mile
't;n the average country road and only
13 cents on a properly improved rotul,
but this is not all the story. The di
rect cost is very great and the indi
rect costs are possibly greater. With
Fad roads the farmer is compelled to
haul when he should be engaged in
vothrr activities, while with good roads
he can plan his operations without
reference to the weather. The states
■and the local units, as has been inti
•Railed, have strikingly recognized these
truths by greatly increasing their ap
propriations i.a L>y devising better
nnrluaery.—American Review of Re
Evangel of Good Roads.
Tiie automobile is the evangel of
rise good roads movement. Every sale
v£ a five-passenger touring car with
tires subject to sudden and dishcart
•v-aing puncture means better roads and
laoro of them. Therefore, everyone
should buy touring cars because he
will then become a good roads advo
Wanted for Nothing.
Good roads, according to Howard
Pmr. 11 , are something which everybody
vvujLs for nothing. J ^
States Depart
ure. i
'' re f !sn< 1 « if
<> hi~ obtained,
it* before tin*
I will have at
(Prepared by the Uni
in* nt «if .\ "r
Hows must he bred
Turn* if fall litters a/
The pigs will then
last week in Octet »er.
I tinned growth enough to be able t.
■•bill tor t!u'iiisi'1 V« *s before cold weal!;
cr arrives. If the breeding can b,
■ lene in early June or in Muv, so much
the better.
Under no circumstances, this year,
should breedable sows be carried over
lb«* summer unbred. The food supply
neeiis t»i be inere.nsed, and under com
mon-sense management, fall litters are
Scruples over breeding immature
sows should be forgotten. While in
normal times most hog raisers do not
breed the gilts earlier than eight
months of age. There are thousands
of young gilts farrowed last fall and
winter which will take the hoar and
should be bred this spring. By breed
ing them this spring the feed given
them through the summer will have
been more completely devoted toward
food production. It will help to pro
duce a greater meat supply and a sup
ply ready for market six months ear
lier than If they were not bred until
fall. Breeding such young gilts will
have no had effect on the farm herd.
Results nt the Missouri experiment
station show that the young pregnant
sow continues to grow under proper
feeding and that the size of the litter
is not appreciably reduced. Suckling

The shortest definition of *£
patriotism is service for one's *
! country. *
There are many ways in which <*
you cun serve your country *£
while til home. Here are some : *
I'lant a larger garden than !>
ever and can sufficient from it %
to tide you through this year and *;*
part of the next. *
I'lant more potatoes, especial- ♦>
l.v sweet potatoes, as these are *
.staple food articles. •>
Every acre should ho planted |
to corn or kafir, and receive the *>
best cultivation possible.
Twenty-five to 50 per cent «if *
the wheat land could he disked %
after cutting and planted to *
feterita. %
Corn land can easily be pre- £
Pared for wheat next fall, thus ❖
having the two crops overlap. *
Plant con-peas for their feed %
value as well as a soil builder. | !
Save the manure and apply 4* !
five tons an acre. j
Make this a banner year for * j
chickens and swine. a i
.... ;
More attention should be given % j
to raising turkeys.
Insect pests should be com
bated in orchard, garden and
+*H**Md« * »> •> «5« «;.«;. ,
Parasites Cause Lumps on Backs
of Animals—Kerosene Oil
Will Destroy Them.
(By GEORGE H. GLOVER. Colorado Ag
ricultural College. Fort Collins. Colo.)
Several letters have been received
lately respecting "lumps" on the bucks
of cattle. One party made the impor
tant discovery (?) that "worms had
eaten big holes through the backs of
his cattle and were found at the bot
tom eating their way."
Cattle can do very nicely without
these parasites, hut the parasites can
not live without their hosts. These
parasites are the larvae of the heel fly.
This fly Is about one-half inch long
and looks something like a small black
bee. The flies pester cattle during the
summer months and deposit their eggs
on the hair around the heels and hind
legs. The flies are unable to bite, but
cattle are instinctively afraid of them,
and will run with their tails high in
the air, to the nearest water hole,
when they approach. The eggs are
taken into the stomach by cattle lick
ing themselves, and there they hatch
and the tiny larvae migrate through
the body to their favorite habitat. By
spring or early summer the grub is
full grown and makes its
through an opening whic.
^ n< through which it
escape j
hich it has made
breathes and
'Lscharges its excrement. Failing to !
the pigs
young so\
at ion of j
retards the growth of the
'• imt this permanent retard
rowrh is small and of 7ninor
e when the sow will produce
! a good litter of pigs.
Obtain Large Litters.
Larger utters are obtained by
i,! 4 sows before breeding. T
«lone by feeding in such a way
have the sows putting o:i weight at
the time of breeding. The suckling
sow should have her pigs weaned
shortly before being bred. Her u<M.»r
should he dried up by a reduction ,,f
fe.il. She should then he Hushed and
in a few days can usually he bred. Af
ter breeding, the sow should be
watched to be sure she has caught. If
'la* has not, 21 days later she will
again show indications of heat »ml can
again be bred.
A good purebred hoar should be
used, preferably of the same bfeeil as
the sow or of that breed which pre
dominates in the sow. Ttiis will result
in a more uniform lot of pigs and an
upgrading of the breeding herd. For
the young gilts and small sows a
breeding crate may be necessary if
the boar be large.
The pregnant sow should be fed a
ration consisting of bone-making and
muscle-making feeds. She should
gain weight tut not he made fat. Pas
ture with a small grain ration proves
excellent for carrying the pregnant
sow until she is almost ready to far
the ground, it burrows for a time in
the ground. Is changed into the i*ipal
! stage, and from this the mature fly
emerges in about one month. Some
claim that the egg hatches on the hair
and the larva makes its way directly
through the skin.
Grubs cause cattle to fall off a little
in flesh and milk, and they greatly de
predate the value of the hide. It is
well to press out the grubs, using a
knife, if necessary, to enlarge the
opening. A quicker way to destroy
them is to apply a few drops of kero
senti through the opening with an oil
Jean, fio keep the flies away from the
cattle, use piae tar or one of the coal
tar dips.
Serious Disorders Often Caused
by Overfeeding Animals Which
Are Working Hard.
More work horses are sick on Mon
day than on any other day in the
' VL ' ( ' k * This is good evidence that
j something is often wrong with the
method of feeding on Sunday, de
clared Dr. C. \V. McCampbell, associ
ate professor of animal husbandry in
the Kansas State Agricultural college.
"One form of illness to which the
work liorse is subject occurs so often
just following the Sunday rest that it
is popularly known as 'Monday morn
ing sickness,"' said Doctor McCanip
bell. "This trouble is noted most fre
quently in those cases whore horses
are working hard, require heavy feed
ing, and are given the regular feed
on Sunday while they remain idle in
the barn. This is a serious disorder
often resulting in death.
"Another common disorder among
work horses on Sunday and Monday
is colic. In most cases it is caused by
heavy feeding while idle, hut it may
he caused by a cold, sloppy bran which
is a stire trouble maker. A warm,
steamed brau mash to which a liberal
amount of salt has been added is ofteD
"When the horse is working hard
his Sunday feed should be of the same
kind und quality as that which he re
ceives on other days, but the grain por
tion of the ration should he reduced
one-half. If a small pasture is avail
able and the grass is not too plentiful,
it would be well to allow him to spend
the day there, especially If he can hav*
access to shade."
Give Millfeed Slop Twice Daily in Ccn
rsection With Good Green .
Shouts for early market should hove
millfeed slop twice a day in connec
tion with an abundance of green feed.
Keep a box of wood ashes and char
oon i ( a small quantity of salt may he
mixed in the ashes) under cover in the
feeding pen, where they can eat what
they need
Low Fire Risk and the Small
Maintenance Cost Make This
Type Popular.
Not Necessary to Spend Large Sum
for Decoration in Order to Have
Beautiful Home—Be Sure to
Select Weil.
Mr. WJliam A. Radford wttt answe:
questions and give advice FREE OF
COST on all subjects pertaining to the
subject of building, for the readers of this
paper. On account of his wide experience
as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, tie
Is, without doubt, the highest authority
? n Ü 1 «, 1 ,? 63 ® sub U ctp - Address all inquiries
to William A. Radford, No. 1827 Prairie
avenue. Chicago. III., and only enclose
two-cent stamp for reply.
Because of reduced insurance rates,
the fuct that the interior is warmer in
winter und cooler in summer, lower
maintenance costs because deprecia
tion is very low ami painting is a
negligible expense, and the permanent
fresh and bright appearance of its
walls, the face brick house has as
sumed an important place among mod
em residences. Architects and build
ers have worked in unison to make
possible the adaptability of face brick
to the construction of the smaller as
well as the larger houses.
There are several standard methods
of building houses with a face brick
exterior wall surface. The two main
divisions are those of the solid wall
of burned clay material and the wall
of some load-bearing backing material
or frame of structural members over
the outer surface of which a veneer
of face brick is built up, this veneer
being tied to the structure by meuns
of meta, wall ties, cut nails or some
other form of tie embedded in the mor
tar joints between brick at intervals
horizontally and vertically.
The solid wall construction Is made
up either of face brick backed with
common brick or with face brick
backed with structural tile. The solid
wall construction runs slightly higher
In cost than the veneer, as a general
rule. This statement should he modi
fied, perhaps, to include cases in which
the face brick are really laid as a
veneer over the common brick or struc
tural tile backing, the only connection
between the two being the ties men
tioned. In this case the building loads
are assumed to he carried by the back
ing, the veneer of face brick being used
only for the appearance which it gives.
CJ , *<
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riocr Plan.
The cost of this type of construction
:s, of course, closely comparable with
that of tho solid wall construction, j
there being a difference oniy in the
saving made possible by themumber of
face brick replaced by the common
brick or tile, in the veneer construc
The veneer construction consists of

! the type already nTeniloncd, a fgr*
, hrick wall surface ovef sheathed woo«!
framing and over braced wood framing
! without tin* sheathing. The two types
j of construction just mentioned are
I probably tin* most widely tr«e«l of any i
in ivsitlrmvs. 'i In* houses urt? 1
built with the sheathed wood frame !
v hiie tin* braced wood frame construe- I
tion is speciafly adapted t« » the small- !
er houses and rottages where the cost
of .'Uilding is tin* most important item. !
The »rim»» >'•* ..... .. • » » 1
time when
try for a spc.
>n the job ti
was considered
1 gang of men to
ay the brick is
raI,i,liy I,assitl "- Th *' man wtl ° is tak
»*- » progressive part in the building
field today calls himself a "general i
contract.*F atel lu* is ready to execute 1
any kind of construct!',.a work which !
may be asked of him. This change !
works to the advantage of the home
builder since it eliminates lost motion, |
expensive mistakes, ami makes one !
man accountable for the entire
Tiie live contractor :tn«i builder is
ready to e rect a residence according to
any of tin* different types of construc
tion mentioned.
There ls little basis for any man
giving up tin* idea of building a hriek
house because of cost, if he is tilde to
build a house at all, for an Intelligent
selection of the design together with
the use ol the least expensive t ,pe -,t
construction, will give him a house
which has everything to he desired in
external appearance in addition to all
qualities inherent in this kind
e, making for comfort and low
living expense. It Is not necessary to
spend a largo sum of money in decora- j
tlons in order to have a beautiful i
home. These little fancy fittings and |
special trim ure the things which run
up the cost needlessly in a house ;
which would doubtless look just as
well without the "extras." Judgment
is also necessary in the selection of
the plan for a low-cost house. The
number and shape of rooms affect the
price of construction. By property se
lecting the finish given the interior
walls, floors and trim, it Is possible to
obtain a refined and dignified interior,
which Is fully up to any reasonable
standard, without the use of an ex
pensive layout of rooms. Small comer
seats and simple bookcases may bo
used to add the touch of variety which
of the
of hous
j b
room, bath and hall combinât;»
costs more in the form of bays, alcoves
and fancy trim.
3 he illustrations show the external
appearance and the plan of a simple
but very substantial-built cottage of
five rooms. The house is a framed
structure with a veneer of face brick
on the outside. Sheathing may be
used or not, ns desired. Waif sur
faces are not large in this house and
there will he no difficulty in keeping it
very cozily heated during the Coldest
weather, even if the sheathing is omit
ted. Foundation walls need not be
extra thick for this type of building
provided they are carried down to
solid clay, gravel or other confined and
non-settling soil. The foundation wall
in this house should be one foot thick
at the bottom of which there should be
a footing two feet wide and one foot
thick. Architects and contractors who
prepare plans, proportion the footings
so that there will be an equal pressure
on every square foot so that if settling
does occur it will be equal in all parts
of the building, thus preventing cracks
in the brickwork.
After the framing of the house is
completed the outside veneer of face
brick is commenced. The porch wall
coping and the window sills through
out the house are made of white stone,
concrete or terra cotta. The windows,'
cornice and other wood trim are paint
ed white, which, together with the
white stone copings and sills and the
white porch column, ornaments, form
a pleasant contrast with the walls.
1 he house can be built on a 30-foot
lot with room for a walk around to
the rear and sufficient space at the
sides so that if the neighboring lots
are built on, the light can get in the
side windows. Casement windows
and screen sash may be made inter
changeable for the front porch or the
casement windows may be permanent
ly attached and the screens placed on
tho outside, these being replaced in
tin* winter by storm sash, making pos
sible the use of the porch as a sun
liie pmn provides a combination liv- |
lug and dining room separated by a :
wall in which there is a large cased I
opening. Tiie kitchen lias a handy
pantry attached. A notable feature in
the arrangement of rooms is the bed
>n. This j
makes ror privacy, which is a very de- 1
— ruble thing where all rooms are on !
one floor
Bermuda in 1916 expended $143,682
on roads and bridges.
» 1
j I
i ,Juice of Lemons! I
j How to Make Skin j
! White and Beautiful ?
'V':7 ......*•*•* " ......---- ' I
At the cost of a small jar of ordi
nary cold cream one can prepare a full
quarter pint the most wonderful
j b inon skin softener and complexion
j beaut 41« T, by squeezing tin* juice of
two fresh lemons into a bottle contain
ing throe ounces of orchard white.
( are should be taken to strain tho
Juice through a fine doth so no lemon
pulp g«*rs in. then this lotion will keep
fresh for months. Every woman knows
that lemon juice is used to bleach and
remove such blemishes as freckles, sal
lowness and tan, and is the ideal .skin
softener, sm not honor and beautifler.
Just try it r Get three ounces of
orchard' white at any pharmacy and
two lemons from the grocer and make
up n quarter pint of this sweetly fra
grant lemon lotion and massuge it
dftily into the face, neck, arms and
hands, fit should naturally help to
whiten, soften, freshen and bring out
the roses and beauty of any skin. It
»••truly marvelous to smuothen rough,
red hands. Adv.
He'd Come Back.
A hoy who had done something to
Incur the wrath of his mother and
then had taken to his heels was hotly
pursued for some distance by her.
Finding It was useless to continue
the pursuit, anil almost beside herself
with rnge, the obi lady shouted at tha
top of her voice:
"I'll give anybody sixpence to catch
that boy."
The hoy instantly stopped and. turn
ing around, shouted in reply :
"Give me the sixpence and I'll corne
hack !"
need a tonic to tone up the system and
regulate the liver. Mothers are con
stantly using with wonderful success,
our "Plantation" Chill and Fever Ton
ic. Pleasant to take—contains no Cal
omel. Price 50c.—Adv.
Poor Way to Help.
'Tin going to offer my servi
my country in cas«* of war."
"To do what?"
"To cook.''
"Don't. It's hard enough to get re
cruits as it is."
Doubly Efficient.
"He is a man of deeds,
"Yep ; also words. II
I under*
is n probate
gently and hut
torpid liver coruTTrto« prevents prop***
assimilation. Tom* up your liver with
Indian Vegetable Pili». They act
Forgot tho
pro after tho
sorrows of yesterday and
joys of today.
Restored to Health by Lydia
ELPinkham's Vegetable
Enhaut, Pa. — "I was all run down and
Weak inwa rdly. I had female troubles
and nervous feelings
and my head bott
ered me. I would
often have crying
spells and feel as if
I was not safe. If
I heard anyone com
ing I would run and
lock the door so they
would not see me.
I tried several doc
tors and they did not
help me so I said to
1 W '. U cu Ve t0 die 65 terete 1 nohefp for
me. bhe got me one of your little
books and my husband said I should try
one bottle I stopped the doctor's
medicine and took Lydia ~~ ~
v„,t « kf'e -------ydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound. It soon made a
change in me and now I am strong and
*11 ™y werk."— Mrs. Augustus
Balghman, Box 8G, Enhaut, Pa.
Why will women continue to suffer
dayin and day out and drag out a sickly
naif-hearted existence, missing three
fourths of the joy of living, when they
can find health in Lydia E. Pinkhatn'a
vegetable Compound ?
If you would like free confidential ad
vice address Lydia E. Pinkham Mediciaa
U)., Lynn, Mass.
Is not reeomrrt'
everything; t>u
have kidney,
n«5e«i for
: if you
, .v. 0 bla,J v er tr °K'o('« it may
und Ju»t the medicine - -
drutreists in fifty-cent and d.
-ou may receive a sample atz«
this reliable me«ii« ine by Par«-e
so pamphb t tellinjf about It
Address Dr. Kilmer & Co.. Binghamton.
iiAr.\h(^«lrSS close ten Ciat3 * alsg men
uoa this cipcr
need. At
ar sizes,
biittle of
Post, ai-

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