Major General Wood Describes
Work of the American
BIG BROTHER OF SERVICES
Army and Navy Cannot Get Along
Without It—What the Red Cross
Needs—Work to Be Done
Washington.-Maj7 (Jon. Loomml
VMXKl, U. S. A., is Hie author of an ar
ticle just issued in bulletin form l.y
American Red Cross under tin*
'What Women Can Do in the
General Wood writes,
brings with it a call to national serv
ice for women as well as men. There
are two very important ways in which
women can help the nation in war.
"(1) By working in industry, thereby
releasing men for the front, and (") by j
Joining the American Ited Cross.
"Nest to the preparation of muni- 1
tions and recruiting the army and the J
(1'i'J. the most important step in gel
ting ready for war is to build up a ited I
Cross organization. |
"During the last few years much has 1
been done to prepare the American '
Bed Cross for the nation's call; fun
preparedness on a large scale cannot 1
be accomplished in peace time. All !
that can be done is to prepare a skele- j
ton organization capable of expansion
lu war service, to draft plans of mo
bilizntion as any army staff would
draft them, and to gather reserve ma- *
terials and supplies. j
When the op.11 comes the Bed Cross
must act quickly. It must take care of
a vastly increased army and navy, j
Therefore, Its growth must parallel |
tile growth of both branches of the
nation's fighting force.
Time for Quick Action.
'"The declaration of a state of war :
with Germany means that the Ameri- j
can Bed Cross must translate all these :
plans prepared during peace into ac- j
tion. It must be prepared to supple
ment the existing facilities of the mod- J
leal department of the army and the I
navy and of the Medical Reserve corps. j
"Every man and woman owes it as a
duty to the country to become a mem- !
Iter of the American Bed Cross. Mem- !
bership—it is as low as $1—should be
"After membership there is oppor
tunity for service with the Red Cross.
Every chapter has its workrooms and
Its auxiliaries. It lias trained instruc
tors iu the preparation of hospital and
surgical supplies needed here and
"Many chapters have classes in first
aid to the wounded, home care of the
sick, home dietetics, and in the making
of surgical dressings. All of these are
at the service of women who wish to
aid their country.
'But what the Bed Cross does need
today is trained women for the work j *
of military relief. The immediate call
is for competent nurses. A soldier's
life is too precious to risk in unskilled
hands. Nurses must largely be drawn
from the hospitals of the cities.
"Women must be found to take the
places of many nurses in civilian hos
pitals. To prepare for this emergency
the Bed Cross has been conducting
great training classes for women.
"The functions of the Red Cross,
however, go far beyond service In tuili
TO TRAIN ARMY COOKS
A tongue to train army cooks ban
boon organized by Miss Georgina Rob
erts and otht? prominent women. The
Ungut* has established headquarters in
New York city.
In addition to the ordinary kitchen
equipment it is provided with a regu
lation aruiy range and field outfits.
The league £s prepared to give imme
diate instruction to men who wish to
qualify as trmy cooks or to men or
women desiring to become instructors
of such cooks.
The lessons will he given from
"Army (Poking Manual" by competent
The photo shows Miss Georgina Rob
erts. who organized the league for the
training of army cooks.
j enough nurses and surgeons.
J Gross. So dearly is tills understood
that in time of war the government re
lary hospitals. In addition to the de
partment of military iviieî is the de
partment nf civilian ydlef, equally
large and equally important.
"I lependents of fighting men cannot
la* neglected. Ited Cross committees,
assisted by expert investigators, take
care of children who need aid. The
needs of convalescing soldiers from the
front will he looked after.
"If the time comes whwi women
must go into industry, the burden of
earing for children must he shifted
Irom many mothers. Homes or nurs
eries must he found for infants. It is
•he Ited Cross that is called upon to
meet these emergencies also.
Big Brother of the Services.
"The Bed Cross is the big brother of
die medical services. The army and
navy cannot get along without it.
Without it a warring nation is almost
helpless for the reason that a nation
in time of war is unable to provide an
adequate medical organization without
In no war have there ever been
hain Is stronger than its weakest link
so no army is stronger than Its Red
I Quires the Bed Cross P> give all its j
| energies and facilities to the nation. !
1 caring for the lighting men and their
' dependents at home. i
"The Bed Cross is the only orgnuiza- j
1 tion authorized by the government to !
! render war relief services. It acts un
j «1er a charter from the government,
Congress passed the net incorporating
it. This act made the president its
official head and placed representatives
* of tin* army and navy on its directing
'Tu other words, tin* Bed Cross is
officially as much a part of the gov
ernment machinery as the army itself.
Despite this official standing, however,
Ihi* Rod Cross must depend upon vol
untary service of women and men. It
is the great volunteer army that is
serving humanity as well as the na
tion. And it is an army made up
largely of women."
WEST SETS PACE IS ENLISTMENTS
Carries Off Honors in Number of
Men Volunteering for
CENSUS BUREAU GIVES DATA
Pennsylvania the Only State in the
East to Furnish Over 50 Per Cent
of Quota — Detailed Figures
for the States Given.
Washington, D. C.—Western slates
j * m ' e carried off all the honors up to
date in .volunteer enlistment iu the
army. They stand at the head of the
list, with the Eastern, Southern, and
New England states.
Here is the enlistment record of the
various divisions of the country as
they are denominated by the census
Regular Total to in
army war elude May
Kast north central..
West north central..
Middle Atlantic .......
West south central ..
New England states.
South Atlantic ........
East south central____
Pennsylvania Is the only Eastern
! state that has furnished more than 50
j per cent of its required quota. The
! percentage of quota follows:
I States. Pot. States. Prt.
I Nevada ...........273]Oklahoma .......... 37
! Oregon ............131, Kentucky .......... 37
I Utah ...............125. Arizona ............ 3G
! Indiana ............103 West Virginia .... 35
j Wyoming .........93;Ohio ................ 32
i Michigan ..........7S*Dist. of Columbia Co
j Illinois ............ 7'ijlxjiiislana ......... 2$
j Idaho ..............75; Tennessee ......... 27
I Nebraska ......... 6»; Rhode Island......27
Kansas ............ ^Connecticut .......27
Pennsylvania .... iS Nov Hampshire.. 26
Missouri .......... 60!South Dakota .... 24
California ........ 09 Alabama .......... 23
Iowa ............... 5s Maine .............. 25
Colorado .......... 51 New Mexico ......22
Montana .......... 50 Wisconsin ......... 22
New Jersey.......46' Virginia ...........19
South Dakota.....46; Arkansas .......... 19
Georgia ........... 45 Mississippi ........1<
Florida ............ 44!South Carolina.... IS
Minnesota ........44 North Carolina.... 17
Massachusetts ... 431Delaware .......... 12
Texas ............. 43 Maryland .......... 7
Washington ......42Vermont ........... 7
New York ........39; •
The detailed figures of army enlist
ments in the states of the various di
visions of the country are:
New England States.
Regular 'Notai to
New Hampshire ......
Rhode Island .
New York .....
New Jersey ...
... ÏÎ 270
Iowa ......................... 4,443
EAT WILD MUSTANG'S FLESH
Jackass, Mule, Donkey, Burro and
j Horse Meat May Now Be Sold
Portland. Ore.—Jackass, mule, c!i n
key, burro and horse meat may now
j l»e sold in Portland meat markets. The
: city council has adopted an ordinance
providing for the inspection of diese
meats and for the regulation of their
Tin* meat must he plainly labeled
j with letters at least one inch high and
j must he inspected by tile regular meat
! inspectors of the city.
As adopted the ordinance says Dob
bin and Billy and Maud, before being
I sold to the housewife, must undergo
I thorough inspection and he labeled
j "horse," "mule," "goat" or "jackass."
as the case may he.
been opened and the tirst shipment of
— wild-range mustangs, rounded up by
Indians in eastern Oregon, has been re
ceived, with more to follow if the de
mand is sufficient. The butcher says
he is able to cut meat prices in two
and his quotations for horse flesh
range from 4 cents a pound for soup
cuts to 20 y 2 cents for T-bone steaks.
Girls Show Patriotism.
Cleveland, O.—Here is a real bit of
patriotism. Misses Esther Dittenbaver
and Vir L' lll hi Clippinger, students at
tIie College for Women, have volun
u '«' r *' <1 •" Pike down the campus flag
«'ad» evening at sunset and to arise at
four 11 »wrning to hoist It before
t Resembles President. Î
4* Lafayette, Iinl.—Paul West- 4
5 phal's face is his fortune. He J
4* was night clerk in a hotel here 4*
X tor the meager salary of $10 a 2
4» week fir so when a "movie" 4*
Ç company discovered his striking Ç
4* resemblance to President Wil- 4*
.3, son. lie will take the part of ^
4* the nation's chief in a war jj*
5 drama for $250 a week.
Ihe lirst horse-meat market bus
So Gets Big Salary 4- !
- % :
District of Columbia....... 662
West South Central.
............. L 792
New Mexico ...
... 2 282
PRETTY AMBULANCE DRIVERS
Nearly 100 of Washington's best
known society girls and young matrons
have become qualified as ambulance
drivers for the American Bed Cross.
Here are two of them—Miss Ethel
Harriinan (left), daughter of Mrs. J.
Borden Ilarriman. and Mrs. W. D. Bob
bins, wife of an official in the state
department. The reason their uni
forms look so good is that they were
made to order by real tailors and have
never kuown a commissary shelf.
"The Marbles," said Daddy, "had
been very proud of kite because they
laid been used so much by Boys and
Girls—especially l.y Buys.
"Then, too, the Lives had played
marbles as years before they had
found out about them and thought
they were lots of fun to play with.
" 'You are nothing but nn ordinary
Marble!' said one large and very blue
'"But I am useful for playing. And
! j joggle along and roll much better
than you do. You are so big. You
are quite awkward !'
" 'I'd feel pretty badly.' said the big
Marble, 'if I were as cheap as you.
You cost next to nothing. In fact, you
didn't even cost a cent. Not one whole
"The Marble rolled along a little
wav as if It couldn't be too near the
" 'But a cent bought me,' said the
"'Yes.' said the big Marble proud
ly. 'It bought you and also a number
of other marbles, too. You were one of
five for a cent. One cent bought you
and four others! Now as for me!
Well, it took a whole five cents to buy
"T know it,' said the little Marble
"'Before long It will bo time for the
Children to come and play with us, I
! think,' said the big Marble.
: " 'Yes,' said the little Marble. 'They
have such a good time with us.'
"'Well, we are pretty fine to have
a good time with. We can have so
many games played with us. They are
very lucky,' said the big Marble.
" 'And so are we,' said the little
'"Of course you arc.' said the big
Marble, 'as you are only one of five for
a cent. Just think how they'll admire
me when they see me. And the chil
dren will want to trade everything they
have for me! I'm so big and round
and fat. And my color is so fine. And
I cost five cents!'
" 'I've heard you say so before,' said
the little Marble.
" 'It's worth saying over and over
again when it's such an amount,' said
the big Marble.
" 'Hush,' said the little Marble, 'the
Children are coming. I hear their
" 'My Master only bought me yes
terday,' said the big Marble. 'His
friends have not seen me. They'll
trade everything for me! Gracious—
they'd trade dozens of little Marbles
just for me ! I cost five cents !'
"The Children had arrived.
" 'The Marbles almost seem to hurry
us into playing.' said the Master of the
big Marble. 'They were ready for
"And then the Children began to
play. They admired the big Marble
first of all, and how proud the big
Marble was !
"It really felt badly that it could not
tell them all that it had cost five cents,
but then the Master told the other
Children, and that made it very happy.
They Played and They Played.
"But they did not seem to want to j
trade everything for it! One of them j
" 'It is a beauty, but then it is not |
nearly so nice to play with as the J
smaller ones, besides, if I gave up a I
lot of small marbles fcr that big one j
I'd never be able to have a real game.' j
"And all the other Children said just j
the same thing.
"They played and they played. But j
the big Marble was so mad that it *
rolled away crookedly and no one
thought so much of it.
"After the Children had finished
playing and had taken their marbles,
and after the Master of the big Marble
had put away with the smaller ones,
the little Marble* which had been
bought with four others for a cent
" 'Well, you may be handsome and
big. But you are not nearly such fun
as we are. Sometimes the cheap things
are the most fun. It doesn't mean be
cause you cost five cents that you can
give such pleasure.'
" 'I'm glad I can't be used all the
time like you all are,' said the big Mar
tile. T am too fine for little Marbles,
" 'But all the littie Marbles were
happy bee; use they were the best for
Stockings Were Animals.
"Wliat are animals, mamma?" asked
four-year-old Vivian. "Oh, anything
that goes on legs, I suppose," replied
her mother. "Then my stockings must
he animals, aren't they, mamma?"
Universal Military Training
Best Insurance for the Future
By HOWARD H. CROSS
President Universal Military Training League
I y t:
nii'-r awful war in history, after
years, is still raging with unabated fun. It is n
worthy that none of the lighting has l>e«ri :! ae u
German soil. It is a que.-tnin todav whetie r the ,
tral powers or the allies are the nearest to exhaust
The one overshadowing and disturbin'' fact is
enormous loss to merchant
type of submarines. Unies:
allies will surely be starved
Germany will rule the seas,
is bevond our mental grasp.
: this can be cheeked, the
into submission, and then
What this will mean to us
We shall he at the men v
of the kaiser, and he will he able to make good his boast that Ameri« a
will have to pay the cost of the war. Those in the best position to judge,
believe that we have entered a war that will tax our resourees and endur
ance to the utmost.
In view of the situation, one of the most important steps that this
country can take is to establish universal military training so that the
nation may have, now and hereafter, an abundance of men willing, aide
and ready to defend our liberties. If this plan had been established when
the war broke out, we would have a million and a half of trained men now
ready for service, and had it been the policy of our country for the last
ten years, this war undoubtedly would not have been forced upon us.
The best guaranty for the present and the best insurance for the
future is universal military training.
Americans Must Now Pay in Service for
What Nation Has Given Them
By PROF, ALBERT BL'SHNELL HART
lwr 111 years the United Sûtes of America has been serving the
people of this nation. Hie l nion lias enlarged the boundaries, protected
tlie people, given opportunity for wealth and prosperity without parallel,
and made this country one of the greatest powers of the eartii. We have
accepted these blessings as though they fell from heaven, without effort"
on our part. The time has now come for a counter-service from the
people to their government.
All the old forms of obligation will continue. The property owner
must pay taxes on a larger scale. Those who take part in the government
must show greater vigor and capacity. Every public official must feel a
new sense of responsibility. The people and government of the United
States must wake up, as the English, the French and the Russians have
The first thing to be done is to recognize the need of a national army,
adequate for the task before us. Never in our history have we faced such
an external danger. The only thing that will save us from disaster is the
most skillful use of the human material of which we have such an abun
Spirit of American Life Typified By
National Nominating Conventions
By FRANK B. WILLIS, Former Governor of Ohio
A national nominating convention is an institution typically Ameri
can; not only this, but it personifies better than any other convention or
j governmental agency the spirit of American life.
The delegates are fresh from the people; they have but recently
smelled the smoke of battle in the conflict of ideas which attends the
nomination of a candidate of one of the great political parties. The vast
majority of these delegates are imbued with the desire to serve their
country best by serving their party wisely; they are inspired by the ele
vating thought that they are for the time being a part of the real govern
ment of the Country and have a serious responsibility to perform.
Incidentally, it may be said that it will lie a sad clay for the country
; when the government usurps the activities that belong to the individual
; citizen; there comes from the deliberations of a great nominating con
vention a sense of responsibility and self-sacrificing patriotism which
I would be blunted and finally killed by the effort to fit these voluntary
political activities of the citizens interested in party organization to the
Procrustean bed of the forms of the law.
The primary has its proper place in the nomination of county, district
end state candidates, hut to attempt to extend it to the nomination 0 ?
candidates for the presidency would tend to kiil the national spirit which
in recent years has had Lut a feeble existence.
Those Who Have Learned to Do Nothing
Are Useless to Nation Until Trained
By WILLIAM L. CHEN ER Y
Xational necessity is acting as father confessor to manv of our insti
tutions and to our cherished beliefs. It is sifting the usc-ful from tha
useless to a degree unprecedented.
The intellectual revolution which is in progress was exemplified the
other day by a trained woman who was considering woman volunteers for
war work. After looking over the situation with painstaking care in
many cities, she decided that women had to be divided into two classes.
The wage-earners made up one class. There was no question about
their competence either in war cr peace. Amateur volunteers composed
the other. Of them this observer—herself an executive of proved com
petence—said: ''Registration of amateur workers is valuable for the women
themselves, because it maxes them definite in the:r offers of .»• rvice, hut it
is of small use to the nation at present." That is probably the sober fact
The woman or the man who has learned to do nothing with tiie skill
demanded of those who earn wages is useless to the nation until she or lie
is trained. If the need for preparedness teaches that lesson so thoroughly
that it can never be forgotten, one benefit at least must be credited to th<*
ood side of the war ledger.
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